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Vol. LIU, No. I September, 1967 

Published by Bucknell University 
Lewisburg, Pa. 17837 

Printed for Alumni, parents and friends 
of Bucknell University through the 

cooperation of 
The General Alumni Association 

Andrew W. Mathieson '50, President 
Robert D. Hunter '49, First Vice President 
James E. Pangburn '54, 

Second Vice President 
Donald B. Young '33, Treasurer 
John H. Shott '22, Alumni Secretary 

Editor — William B. Weist '50 
Editorial Asst. — Mrs. Ann Steinbach 

the general alumni association 
Kenneth R. Bayless, Esq. '42, Miss Audrey 
J. Bishop '45, Douglas W. Burt '42, Mrs. 
Jean (Walton) Clemmer '43, Miss Peggy 
L. DeardorfF '52, H. Keith Eisaman, Esq. 
'42, Mrs. Rae (Schultz) Glover '49, The 
Rev. Paul M. Humphreys '28, Robert D. 
Hunter '49, George N. Jenkins '43, Emil 
Kordish '42, Andrew W. Mathieson '50, 
James E. Pangburn '54, Henry B. Puff '44, 
Raymond E. Shaw '51, F. Porter Wagner, 
Esq. '47, Dr. Melvyn Woodward '53 


The Big I in Instruction 3 

The Worlds of Bucknellians 13 

Review of the Classes 17 

Reunion — 1967 33 

Hey, Any Work for Poetry? 

Dr. John Wheatcroft 38 

The World of Sports 46 

Around the Campus 48 


Miss Katherine (Kit) Hopkins '67 is al- 
ready a skilled teacher. She took her prac- 
ticum in the elementary language arts 
program at Milton Schools under the di- 
rection of Dr. William Heiner. 

Photo: Putsee Vannucci 
Other Photo Credits: Putsee Vannucci, 
Pages 2-12; Ralph Laird, Pages 33-37. 

Please address all correspondence to Editor, 
The Bucknell Alumnus, Bucknell Uni- 
versity, Lewisburg, Pa. 


The '36 Train Wreck 

To the Editor: 

I have been an appreciative recipient 
but a non-responding one for yea these 
many years. The most recent issue (May) 
had a few lines about the train wreck of 
1936. The article ended with a question 
that may or may not have solicited this 
answer. Regardless, here goes. 

At the time I was a senior and had taken 
advantage of the exalted position to main- 
tain a car someplace in Lewisburg. When 
we heard about the above mentioned 
wreck, Bob Meikle, Ray Kanyuck and 
Jacie Mills hopped into my car and high- 
balled it for the scene. We had a camera 
with us and took the enclosed pictures. 
The only reason I had them after all these 
years is that I had mailed them home so 
that my parents, earlier residents of the 
area, could be informed. 

The pictures show that the train was an 
express as well as a passenger train. Con- 
densed milk was scattered all over the 
adjacent area. According to some of the 
notes I made at the time, on the reverse 
side of the snapshots, the cab and boiler 
were sheared from their wheel trucks and 
both the men in the cab of the locomotive 
were killed. Also, it is noted that a doctor 
was killed in the wreck and that his broth- 
er was on the scene at the time we were 

I am not interested in your returning 
the pictures. Should you wish to repro- 
duce them in any manner, you may do so. 

W. Gordon Diefenbach '36 
J6J6 Templeton Road 
Raltimore, Md. 21204 

To the Editor: 

Your mention in the May 1967 issue of 
the train wreck of 1936 near Sunbury sent 
me to my photo albums, and I found a 
picture of the wreckage taken by my 
brother Myron who was a bit of a photo 
nut at that time. I'm sure he had taken 
more pictures, but this one is all that I 

I have no further details except a hazy 
recollection that the curve was involved 
somehow. If you can use this picture, go 

Dr. Walter Drozdiak '39 
2337 Forest Avenue 
San ]ose, Calif. 

Editor's Note: Many thanks for shariitg 
your photos and fnemories. Our news 
clipping indicates that four were killed 
and 29 injured in the wreck. 

Bucknellians should know that Dr. 
Drozdiak is a dentist practicing in San 
Jose. William G. Diefenhach, an electrical 
engineer, is with Koppers Co. Of those 
who "highhalled" it to the wreck scene 
with him, Raymond A. Kanyuck '36 is an 
electrical engineer with Bethlehem Steel 


t '. >'i,V'iil'.1 't) ■.' 

Above: Rescue workers at scene of 1936 
train wreck. Below: Another view showing 
wheels of locomotive sheared from chassis 
by impact of the crash. 

Co., Sparrows Point, Md.; Robert Meikle 
'36, a mechanical engineer, is with Corn- 
ing Glass Works, Corning, N. Y.; and 
John G. Mills '36, M.S. '48 is a teacher 
at Wyoming, Pa., High School. 

From the Editor: 

We were pleased to hear from Dr. Karl 
HuUey '18, H'57 that the two Bucknell 
villages in England really do e.xist. 

"Since reading the article in the Alum- 
nus on the two Bucknells in England, I 
have hoped to catch at least a glimpse of 
them, and, incidentally, I intend to send 
this note from one of them with, as I 
presume, an appropriate postmark." 

That letter was postmarked "Bucknell, 
Shropshire." Postcards arriving some time 
later bore the postmark "Bucknell, Oxon." 

Dr. Hulley reports that he received a 
warm welcome from the postmaster in 
Shropshire to whom he presented a copy 
of the November 1966 Alumnus contain- 
ing the "Buchehalle" story. 

A specialist in classical philology. Dr. 
Hulley retired last year after more than 40 
vears of teaching at the University of Colo- 
rado. He and his wife, the former Helen 
Benson, also retired from professorial 
duties, are on an extended tour. 


BY W. B. WEIST '50 



HE was in sixth grade, what the Irish call "a mere 
lad," and his brown hair had been groomed by 
a careless comb. But his slight, slender frame 
was adorned with the apparel of Young America 1967 
— the khaki slacks belted tightly across the narrow waist, 
and the sweater-shirt, loosely worn, giving him a casual, 
comfortable look. His quick smile was all his own, as 
was the frown, fitting his face uniquely in a classroom 
filled with smiles and frowns. 

As he entered the classroom he appraised the teacher, 
waved to one bov, then winked at another — two cronies 
of boyhood who held the secret of their private signaling. 
In a few seconds — less time than it takes to suffer a 
spot announcement on TV — his attitude changed. He 
became all student, a 12-year-old with an assignment to 
fulfill, with obligations to meet. 

This classroom seemed different. One, two, three . . 
you could count the students: thirty-two or thirty-three 
(depending on whether the girl leaving the room was 
part of the class). They were seated, standing, hunching 
o\'er desks, talking, studying, conferring with the teacher, 
There were no stern commands to "be seated," or "be 
quiet," or "get to work." There were whispers and ap- 
parent attempts to keep voices below audible levels ol 
disturbance. Organization was not visible; authority dic^ 
not carry a big stick. 

But the 12-year-old lad perceived something. Without 
direction, by no command, he moved to a large card 
board box — a carton that once held one dozen, thirty-twc 
ounce cans of Heinz tomato juice. Now it had been cu 
and altered to hold manila file folders, each bearing i 
name, each holding a little parcel of an individual's aca 
demic history. He pulled on that part of him that hac 
been confined to a box, carrying the manila folder to 
desk in the second row. 

All the other students had a folder. A girl in a ligh 
blue dress was probing the carton, searching for tha 
part of her self recorded in the activities of this classroom 

The lad knew what he was doing. He had anticipatec 
the work of this fifty-minute hour. His forehead wrin 
kled slightly as he studied the assignment sheet. It deal 
with a single, subtle, elusive concept: POWER. Not elec 
trie power, not the giant thrust that spits a man-mad( 
rocket at the moon, not the power that makes the poet 
sing or the grass to grow. 

O O O 

The mimeographed caption on the slender whit 
sheet read: "Social Studies — Milton Junior High School, 
and a lad, born in 1955, was confronted bv a concept ii 
which man confined abstractly all the centuries of con 
Crete wounds and woe, all the rhetoric and revolution; 
all the incomplete, unfinished arguments on man's rela 
tionships to man. 

With 12 years of wisdom stored some place in his sell 
only about half of that from any formal process of ii) 
struction, the lad checked his assignment: a film-strip oi 
Africa. He was ready to go, ready to face the Mau Mai 



Two classrooms converted into single unit with audio-visual work space at center. 


New residential areas, left and above, are growing in Milton. Town park is at 

owntown business district intersection, and redevelofment work, far right, 

sparlis the community. 

and the Boers, ready to learn somethino about the Congo 
and Apartheid, of Lumumba and Cecil Rhodes. 

It was his inheritance. Born one year after the Su- 
preme Court decision on desegregation in the public 
schools, ten years after the last of Ghandi's long fasts, 
twent)' years after Stalin's purge trials in Russia, twenty- 
five years after Hitler's rhetoric first inflamed Berlin, al- 
most one century after Bull Run, Antietam, and Shiloh, 
two centuries after Lexington and Concord, the lad's 
historical experience stretched thin and taught through his 
'T' in time. But it was the experience of others he must 
get to know, something he must re-experience, perceive 
and understand. And he was on his own. 

HE left his desk and classroom, moving into an ad- 
joining room. Stored here was the substance of 
the learning process. A neatlv printed sign iden- 
tified MATERIALS CENTER. On' tables ten feet long 
were stacks of bins, each large enough for the standard- 
zied 8Vi" x 11" mimeographed sheets of paper stored in- 
side, each numbered or labeled to conform to the varied 
and multiple assignments each student was to master in 
his or her own way and at his or her own speed. In other 
bins on the far wall were tape recordings and filmstrips, 
magazines, paintings, etchings, photographs, maps, and 
books. And on two large tables were the tape recorders 
and viewers, the tools to look and listen, to see and hear 
some of the signs and sounds, the symbols, meanings and 
significance by which men had ordered their world. 

The lad found his bin, lifting the carefullv prepared) 
guide to Africa from its resting place. All around hiro! 
students were exploring other dimensions of CULTUREf 
or POWER or EREEDOM. They were looking. Theyi 
were listening. They were working on their own. ! 

With a skill that comes early if taught, the lad ex-ji 
perdy inserted the filmstrip in FILMSTRIP READEB 
No. 4, and with a twist of his wrist he was off to a full 
color world of lions and tribal kings, of vast deserts, cara 
vans and the Suez Canal — a land and time he may havi 
visited before in the lore and legend of Hollywood anc 
Errol Elynn, Tarzan and the Sheik of Araby. 

This was Thursday, April 20, 1967. It was the seconc 
period for classes in the Milton Junior High School, i 
fiftv-vear-old, three-story building still adequately fillin 
its formal role as a structure within which instruction anc 
learning could occur. The American Flag slowly un 
wrapped itself from around the flag pole anchored at thi 
curb of the broad pavement just outside the main en 
trance. A sign one block down the street announce( 
and one-half centuries this borough of about 8,500 ha< 
been the setting for development and decline, had hel( 
generations of men and women who had seen the rive 
traffic come and go, the iron works wax and wane, thi 
steel mills grow, contract, then grow anew. Now men anc 
women worked in the plants that canned spaghetti, tc 
mato sauce, meat balls and ravioli; in factories that manu 
factured skirts and dresses, shirts and shorts; in mills tha 

Students work in materials center, left, and lea 
math by flaying games. Filmstrips and tape recora 
ings are integral to new instructional method. 

cast and forged the parts and pieces of machines and 


The borough had its slums and its poor, Though it 
^ had seen "better days," it was not economically depressed. 
jAt least, it did not fit the formal definitions of the fed- 
•leral government. Locally, a coalition of business and pro- 
ijfessional men worked with the Susquehanna Economic 
■'Development Association and the Pennsylvania Indus- 
■' trial Development Authority to attract new industry to 
■the borough or to the area bordering the town. A new 
lindustrial park awaits its first tenant and the town fathers 
I anticipate a new surge of progress and prosperity in the 
li-same county, Northumberland, which holds a large see- 
ment of the corpse of the anthracite coal fields. 

THERE has been investment in the schools. Milton 
High School has hardly rocked its cornerstone, laid 
in 1956, and a new elementary school has been 
erected in White Deer. But some of the school buildings 
are old, their names reflecting the eras in which they 
were built; Lincoln, Grant, Millward, Pollock. But the 
attitude of the school board, the teaching staff and school 
administrators is new. They are seeking to improve their 
curriculum and their methods of instruction. They know 
that to stand still in education is to arrest the future 
development of their community. 

The Milton Area Joint School Board has given solid 
backing to this effort. During the past three years they 

have allocated some $40,000 per year for development of 
the new instructional program. They see the need for 
innovation and incentive in a rapidly changing, complex 
world. Aided by an initial three-year grant from the Ford 
Foundation's Comprehensive School Improvement Pro- 
gram, the district has worked closely with members of 
Bucknell's department of education under the director 
of Professors J. William Moore and Wendell I. Smith '46. 

Thursday, April 20, 1967. A 12-year-old lad walks 
into a new learning situation. Just what was at work? 

"What we sought with the Milton Project was to 
develop an approach to instruction which truly empha- 
sizes attention to individual abilities, needs and interests," 
Dr. Moore explained. "Without neglecting the training 
of basic skills, we wanted to develop ways to quicken a 
student's imaginative capacity, to free him from the 
conventional classroom patterns, to help him develop 
initiative and to be self-directed in his acquisition of the 
many forms of knowledge. In a sense this means chang- 
ing the very character of formal educational programs, 
and our curriculum in the department of education at 
Bucknell emphasizes educational research and experi- 
mentation to develop teachers with the required sophis- 
tication to meet the demands and challenges of the revo- 
lutionary changes still in process in American education 
on all levels," Dr. Moore concluded. 

The new physical setup can be described briefly. The 
programs in mathematics, science and in the social studies 
developed for the junior high school levels are quite simi- 

lar in format, both emphasizing individuahzed study of 
the major concepts in each discipline. The mathematics 
program involves 750 sixth, seventh and eighth graders, 
the social studies program, 250 sixth graders, and the 
science program, still in the pilot stage, about 90 students. 
When a student enters the classroom, he takes a per- 
sonal folder from the file and begins to work on pre- 
scribed material. Each prescription works with a concept 
or sub-concept and can involve any or all of a variety 
of audiovisual aids — a kind of programmed unit but with- 
out the obvious appurtenances of programmed materials. 
If a student finds any difficult)' with any phase of the 
work, he consults the teacher. Here the role of the teach- 
er changes to a counselor and guide. If he has no ques- 
tions, the student continues his work until his prescrip- 
tion is finished. Then, the results are discussed with the 
teacher. This discussion helps the teacher to determine 
if the student is ready to be tested on the sub-concepts 
of this part of his work. If so, the teacher administers the 
test and corrects it. When 85 percent or higher is 
achieved, this score is recorded bv the student on a 

Instructors explain -problems to students, sometimes quite 
graphically, at right. Below: Map of Africa is a jigsaw puzzle. 

class progress chart, and the student continues with a 
new prescription based on the performance on the pre- 
ceding materials, the results of diagnostic test scores, and 
the teacher's judgment of the individual's capabilities. 

CUMULATIVE tests, called "post tests," are given 
at set points in the sequence of materials. These 
tests measure the retention of concepts learned 
separately and serve as a review of materials covered ear- 
lier. Whenever the results of a test fall below acceptable 
standards, the student is given additional help in that 
area of difficulty. 

In some prescriptions several students work together. 
At other times the whole class may discuss a troublesome 
problem or participate in a group game. 

"It sounds simple in oudine, but the trick is to make 
it work." The speaker is Dr. Hugh McKeegan, associate 
professor of education and coordinator of the Milton Proj- 
ect. "Two years of effort went into our project until we 
reached the point of contact with large numbers of stu- 
dents. That work involved the cooperative efforts of the 
Milton School administration, members of the socia 
studies, science and mathematics teaching staffs, at al 
levels, and of the elementary grade teachers. For we were 
seeking to develop a new kindergarten through twelftl 
grade instructional sequence which emphasized an indi- 
vidualized, concept-centered approach. We focused oui 
attention early on the social studies since this is an are£ 
which remains practically unaffected by the various cur 
riculum reform efforts that have so changed mathematics 
and science programs. 

"This is where the members of the Milton teaching 
staff worked so effectively. In consultation with Dr. Roy 
A. Price of Syracuse University, whose social studies 
project had identified the major unifying concepts of 
those disciplines which make up the social sciences, the 
junior high school staff carefully reviewed their needs 
md identified those concepts which seemed particularly 
ippropriate to their portion of an established sequence. 
The concepts included 'Observation, Classification and 
VIeasurement, Culture, Government, Religion, Conflict, 
Compromise, Power, and Loyalty.' But that was onlv the 
jeginning, for now we had to develop and prepare ma- 
:erials to teach those concepts, materials set in the cul- 
'ure, history and geography of South America and Africa, 
he content ordinarily taught at the sixth grade level. 

"During the summer months, with funds provided by 
jhe Milton Schools as their part of the project, nine so- 
■ial studies teachers representing the elementary, junior 
liph and senior hioh levels began developing materials 
implement a concept-center program. That effort was 
Drodigious. But with help from art teachers and media 
pecialists, we collected enough worthwhile materials 
o go to the students. And that work continues, for some 
Inaterials prove to be inadequate or too difficult and our 
i;ontinuous evaluation of program and materials allows 
is to correct deficiencies. 

"The project has involved every member of the staff 
)f the Department of Education. Of course, based on the 
leeds of the project, some staff members have participat- 
iid to a greater degree than others. Dr. Moore has been 
;esponsible for the overall direction of the project. Bill 
Teiner (Dr. William Heiner, assistant professor) has 
vorked for three years to develop the continuous progress 
eading program now operating in three of Milton's ele- 
aentary schools, and Mahmoud (Mr. Mahmoud Fahmy, 
nstructor) served as consultant to our social studies com- 
riittee for a year. But everyone has participated when 
ve needed help: Chuck Jones (Dr. J. Charles Jones '42, 
irofessor) is now working on the evalution of the ele- 
(lentary programs; Bill Goodwin (Dr. William Goodwin, 
ssistant professor) suggested the research design for 
valuating the junior high math program; Dr. Walter 
iauvain helped in placing secondary student teachers 

llBifci,.., ^™;^-Ezr^i;fli 

in the Milton Junior and Senior high schools and Jerry 
Natkin (Dr. Jerald Natkin, assistant professor), who 
just joined us this year from Indiana University, worked 
with Bill Moore in coordinating and evaluating the 
senior high communications program. 

"In this latter program we have attempted to develop 
instructional approaches in the communications skills; 
listening, reading, speaking and viewing that would be 
meaningful for non-college bound students. The results 
have been quite fruitful; several students who had never 
previouslv read a book in its entirety completed six or 
more books during just one semester of the program." 

DR. William Heiner explains: "The major emphasis 
in the elementary language arts program has been 
the development of methods and materials which 
fit the needs of the individual child as he progresses from 
kindergarten through the elementary sequence. Through 
careful analysis of the types of children who constitute 
the school population, an abundant variety of materials 
has been assembled. These materials are used in systems 
of grouping which allow each child to progress at a pace 
which matches his ability. 

Instructor checks a test problem in math while other students 
helow, work on test. At left: Students record own progress in social 

Elementary language am yrogrniii in progress in three sections of one classroom. 

"An outgrowth of this concern for individual needs 
has been the development of a primary speech program. 
This was designed specifically for children whose articu- 
lation was found to be immature in relation to the aver- 
age child in the Milton District. An intensive speech 
training program is administered to such children before 
instruction in reading commences. And, while both pro- 
orams are hardlv bevond the 'design' stage, the results 
which have been achieved are generally encouraging, 
and, in many instances, spectacular." Dr. Heiner's en- 
thusiasm for and involvement in the project is evident as 
he speaks. Both the speech and reading programs reflect 
his skill in the application of linguistic approaches to in- 
struction in these areas. 

Dr. Wayne M. Vonarx, who recently assumed the 
superintendency of the Johnstown, Pa., School District, 
was superintendent at Milton during the first two years 
of the project. His successor, Mr. James Baugher, the 
32-year-old former junior high school principal who has 
worked with the project for three years, made these ob- 
servations: "One of the basic objectives achieved by the 
Milton Project was to reduce the research to practice gap 

Continued on Page 10 
Drape divides two sections of class in elementary language arts program. 



Though the Milton Project, some- I 
times referred to as "The Big I" (for 
the emphasis is on individualized in-J 
struction), began only three yearsJ 
ago, Bucknell has been involved with''| 
regional school systems for almost a 
decade through the work of several 
faculty members: Dr. Wendell I. 
Smith '46, professor of psychology; 
Dr. J. Charles Jones '42 and Dr. J. 
William Moore, professors of educa- 
tion. Aided by grants from the Ford 
Foundation and its Fund for the Ad- 
vancement of Education, these three 
men began, in 1958, an experimental 
project in college-public school co-op- 

"Looking back now after almost a 
decade of work with area public 
school systems, I'd say the results 
have been encouraging. I would be 
less than frank if I did not add that I 
wish we would have had the oppor- 
tunity to do more. But the schools are 
a very sensitive instrument of socie- 
ty. Changing any element in that 
traditional structure can pose a threat, 
real or imagined, to the value system 
of an entire community, and one ; 
must begin such work fully aware 
that merely being a professor, or a 
Ph.D., or a psychologist, or an educa- 
tor is no guarantee that one's most 
rational arguments or plans, support- 
ed by years of the most sophisticated 
research, will stand on their own 
merits. Credentials don't create sym- 
pathy or respect by themselves. You 
must have something else going for 
you in the community and in the 
schools with which you seek to do 
your work." 

These observations are those ofj 
Professor Smith. Over a decade ago,! 
he gained a national reputation for 
his studies of behavior and learning 
by doing what some thought impos- 
sible — changing the pecking order 
of chickens. Not swayed by the argu- 
ments or "evidence" that this order 
in the flock was "natural," or "inherit- 
ed," or "instinctual," Dr. Smith ere 
ated an elaborate experimental envi-' 
ronment, tape recording hens and 
roosters, discovering food preferences 
and the "language" of the fowl. Then,:, 
through a process of instruction, hefj 



Professors ]. Charles ]ones, Wertdell Sinith mid ]. William Moore. 

manipulated behavioral patterns, al- 
tered a structure of action in fowl, 
and demonstrated that this structure 
was "social," not "natural." 

"It was a bit more difficult than it 
sounds, but the experiments certain- 
ly gave me some understandino of 
that immense order of events which 
we so easily label 'natural,' which by 
definition means 'not susceptible to 
change'," Professor Smith observed. 
"Over the years, as mv professional 
interests increasingly turned to 'hu- 
man learning,' I have been amazed, 
and at times, appalled by how much 
is taken for granted in the educa- 
tional process. When one sees that 
education is one of the foundations 
of civilization, you understand that 
the future of civilized life is bleak 
indeed if education fails or founders 
by the default of those responsible 
for the educational system." 

This from a man who has entered 
the political arena — recently winning 
both Republican and Democratic 
nominations for a six-year term on 
the Lewisburg School Board. Co- 
author (with Dr. Moore) of Condi- 
tioning and Instrumental Learning, 
he has served as co-editor for Mc- 
Graw-Hill of a series of programmed 
texts in math and spelling. A consult- 
ant for the U. S. Office of Education, 
Dr. Smith served in 1966-67 as direc- 

tor of research for McGraw-Hill. He 
is chairman of the department of 

"I agree with Dr. Smith's obser- 
vations." The speaker is Dr. J. 
Charles Jones. "As an educational 
psychologist interested in promoting 
inno\'ation in the schools, I think I've 
gained an appreciation of George 
Bernard Shaw's observation about an 
American philosopher he had met: 
'He's willing to change everything 
but his own bad habits.' Because any 
suggestion for change is usually per- 
ceived as a sussestion that we give 
up some of our bad habits — and most 
of us, college professors as well as 
public school teachers and adminis- 
trators, are reluctant to do so. 

"I think we should note that we've 
met with some disagreement in our 
work with the public schools. I'm not 
faulting this, merely pointing to a 
fact. We were acutely aware of the 
many and varied pressures to which 
our public schools are subjected v\'hen 
we began our program with' area 
schools in 1958. In fact, those pres- 
sures were central to the program, 
for school boards and school admin- 
istrators are confronted all the time 
with demands to add some program, 
maintain the status quo, or change 
teaching methods. Now, these de- 
mands can't be dismissed by simply 

labeling them 'impractical' or 'too 

expensive.' What our initial program 

was aiming for was a frame of refer- 

ence for use in determining just what 
are the most effective ways of study- 
ing and evaluating suggestions for 
educational change and innovation," 
Dr. Jones explained. 

"One of the ways to get answers 
is to do some research and experi- 
ments. Industrial and medical tech- 
nology are two areas where the pay- 
off from research has been enormous. 
The urban school systems have bene- 
fitted from educational research, but 
the impact has been relatively minor 
in non-urban areas. Though even the 
state legislatures and the Congress 
appear to recognize the need for edu- 
cational research today, when we be- 
gan our work almost a decade ago 
most non-urban school systems either 
lacked funds for such research or 
didn't have personnel trained in re- 
search techniques. Thus, our efforts 
in the Upper Susquehanna Valley 
Program of Cooperati^'e Research 
concentrated on stimulating in the 
public school personnel of the area, 
interest and skill in research and ex- 
perimentation in the teaching-learn- 
ing process. This was to be the means 
for finding defensible answers to 
questions invoh'ing curricula, meth- 
ods of teaching, and educational poli- 
cy. Obviously, this meant that a closer 
relationship between the university 
and public school systems had to be 
developed, for to encourage a new 
approach to research and experimen- 
tation, it was necessary to make avail- 
able to the schools the resources of 
Bucknell, including the direct assis- 
tance of faculty members from several 
departments, financial assistance, and 
the promotion of cooperation among 
the schools, themselves," Dr. Jones 

Dr. Jones' latest book. Learning, 
was published by Harcourt-Brace in 
April and another work is scheduled 
for publication next year. A painter 
by avocation, he describes his work 
as "some kind of hybrid Whistler and 
Van Gogh, though art experts find 
no influence from either man." An 
expert woodsman, hunter, and canoe- 


Visitors to Milton Project have come from all parts of U. S. Here, 
fnenihers of Western States School Association check work of 

Individualized Instruction 

Continued from Page 8 
in instruction bv utilizing some of the most successful 
educational innovations from across the nation. In addi- 
tion, it has served as one of the best means of providing 
for a continuous in-service education program for teach- 
ers. Involved as thev are in planning programs and in 
developing materials, they have been exposed to the best 
thinking regarding instructional practices. 

"Our students benefitted most, in that thev could 
proceed through sequentially organized materials at their 
own rate of speed. Most formal instruction was given 
on a one-to-one basis, and our students developed a high 
degree of independence and responsibility in learning, 
and new skills in operating the tools for learning, that is, 
tape recorders, projectors, maps, books, games — ^whatever 
was useful for teaching and learning." 

"In so many ways," Dr. McKeegan observed, "the Mil- 
ton Project is an excellent example of university-public 
school cooperation in instructional improvement. Over 
the past three vears the members of the board of educa- 
tion and the administrative staff of the Milton Schools 
have given constant support to the Project. Certainly the 
board has not been a rubber-stamp, and we would not 
want them to be. They have taken a keen interest in 
project operations and have asked for evidence that the 
new programs are benefitting the children of Milton. 

A Decade 

Continued from Page 9 

ist and amateur botanist, he has trav- 
eled extensively in his search for out- 
door adventure. Next year he and 
his family travel to New Zealand, 
where his professional reputation 
takes him as a Senior Lecturer in Ed- 
ucational Psychology' at Victoria Uni- 

"The program Dr. Jones outlined 
had some gratifying results. In fact, 
we became involved in several areas: 
science instruction on the fourth, 
fifth and sixth grade levels and on 
the secondary school level, non-grad- 
ed reading programs for the primary 
grades, and enrichment programs for 
superior high school students. Atti- 
tude studies were also made, and we 
sought to involve college students in 
public school programs at the secon- 
dary level," Dr. J. William Moore ex- 
plained. "The project included the 
beginnings of programmed automat- 
ed instruction in spelling, and we 
used audiovisual aids as specific 


phases of several projects. These pro- 
grams are still active in six school 
systems and our Saturday Morning 
Program for superior students still 
operates on the Bucknell campus. 
Many distinguished faculty members 
have taught in that program. 

"We learned a great deal — much 
of it applicable to our responsibilities 
in teacher education at Bucknell," 
the chairman of the education depart- 
ment acknowledged. "And the more 
we became involved in our several 
programs, the more we became in- 
volved with motivational factors — 
both the student's and the teacher's. 
In 1961, we were fortunate enough 
to secure a substantial grant from the 
U. S. Office of Education which per- 
mitted us to study the motivational 
aspects of programmed learning. 
Again, we added to our knowledge, 
and the results of our studies in these 
multiple programs have aided us in 
developing instructional methods and 
to further define the research orien- 

tation of the department of educa- 

The author of numerous papers 
and monographs on education, Dr. 
Moore is a specialist in educational 
research. An editor for McGraw-Hill, 
he serves also as a consultant to the 
Pennsylvania Department of Public 
Instruction. He has been the recipi- 
ent of ten major research grants since 
1960. Describing himself as "just a 
farm boy at heart," he is an amateur 
horticulturist and has been a "non- 
paid consulant on lawns and some 
varieties of shrubbery for several fac- 
ulty members." 

From small beginnings the Upper 
Susquehanna Valley Program of Co- 
operative Research involved 10 school 
districts in four counties with com- 
bined enrollments of 12,215 elemen- 
tary and 9,411 secondary pupils. The 
majority of these districts were lo- 
cated in small towns in rural, agricul- 
tural areas. Two districts, Lewisburg 
and Selinsgrove, are situated in small 
college towns. Shamokin and Sun- 


The fact that the board has allocated $40,000 for proiect 
activities in 1967-1968 is evidence of their commitment 
to continued improvement of the instructional program. 

"The Milton Schools have rather limited financial re- 
sources in comparison with manv districts; therefore their 
commitment of $40,000 is the best evidence I can give 
of their satisfaction with what has occurred in their 
schools," Dr. McKeegan concluded. 

DR. McKeegan, a graduate of the University of 
Pittsburgh held positions with the U. S. Office of 
Education and the Pennsylvania Department of 
Public Instruction before coming to Bucknell. He was 
assisted in the direction of the Milton Project by Dr. 
Norman Overly, of Ohio State University, who began 
new duties on September 1 as director of the Association 
for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

The 12-year-old lad finished. He filed his filmstrip and 
returned to his desk to review his answers to the questions 
on his assignment sheet. When the bell rang ending the 
50-minute hour, he knew a little bit more about POWER. 
But he had no concept, no information about the ideas 
or the work that made his study possible, the combined 
efforts which had put him on his own to learn such 
wisdom as the many ages know and teach. 

Dr. Norman Overly, 
above, meets with 
math teachers. At 
left: Dr. Hugh Mc- 
Keeoan, right, meets 
with Mr. Arwood 
Snyder, business 
manager, and Miss 
Eileen Moore, sec- 

bury districts are centered in third 
class cities — the principal industry in 
Shamokin being, until quite recently, 
anthracite coal mining. Milton and 
Danville districts are centered in 
large boroughs. Overall, the districts 
represented a varied population from 
markedly different communities, and 
no district could be considered af- 

Reporting on their program for 
other researchers, the three profes- 
sors observed in 1963: "If any single 
lesson was learned, it was the necessi- 
ty for careful planning and the en- 
listment of the full support of teach- 
ers, administrators and parents. This 
was demonstrated with particular 
clarity in the case of the non-graded 
primary experiment. Beginning with 
the school board, the nature of the 
project and the necessity of each step 
in carrying out the experimental de- 
sign was carefully explained to all 
the teachers whether they were par- 
ticipating in the experiment or not 
and to the parents of all the children 

involved. Almost an entire school 3'ear 
was spent in conferences, training 
and indoctrination and, as a result, 
friction and problems were virtuallv 

"Though we began this work al- 
most a decade ago, it is rewarding to 
see the spill-over effects of our ef- 
forts in the many programs through- 
out the region funded todav with fed- 
eral grants under Title III," Dr. 
Moore observed. "Seventeen school 
systems are now involved with Buck- 
nell's Project SESAME in many pro- 
grams similar to our early research 
projects. Dr. William Goodwin, as- 
sistant professor of education who 
directs this project, is to be congratu- 
lated for the creative role he has 
played in developing extensive new 
programs for area schools. He has his 
own unique story to tell, and it's a 
good one which has brought benefits 
to many area students." 

"What sometimes is ignored about 
Bucknell's location," Dr. Smith ex- 
plained, "is the fact that we are situ- 

ated only some 35 miles from the 
heart of one area of Appalachia. Very 
real socio-cultural problems exist 
there, but resources can be mobilized 
to attempt solutions to these prob- 
lems. One recent example of Buck- 
nell's involvement through education 
is the Upward Bound Program which 
operates primarily in the anthracite 
coal regions. We are doing something 
socially constructive with this pro- 
gram, and it is my opinion that this 
kind of involvement benefits the un- 
dergraduates who participate in these 
projects and helps our own teaching 
by forcing us to translate ideas into 

"I find it noteworthy that many 
things which seemed novel only ten 
years ago are becoming routine to- 
day. Routine, especially routine in 
teaching, is the enemy of education. 
I think this is why we worked so 
hard to begin our work with local 
schools in u'hat seems so long ago. 
It helped all of us break some rou- 
tines," Dr. Jones observed. 




Many Bucknellians have been associated with the 
Milton Schools through the years as members of the 
faculty or administration, or as practice teachers. Two 
Alumni who retired this year are Oella Kisor Linder '29, 
a teacher, and Phoebe Reinhart '25, school librarian. 

Administrators who are Alumni include Richard P. 
Fisher MA '47, senior high principal; Charles H. Sowers 
MS '53, assistant principal; Geraldine C. Spurr '30 
MA '38, director of pupil personnel; and Lois Farley 
Yocum '41, MS '45, girls guidance counselor. 

Members of the teaching staff who are Alumni in- 
clude Catherine B. Balliet '28, M. Martha Bickel '32, 

MA '45, Florence I. Bogle '43, Jane E. Bower MS '57, 
Lois Montgomery Burgee '36, MA '37, Dale C. Coch- 
ran MS '63, Paul C. Confer '34, MA '39, Edward V. 
Dobb MS '53, N. Douglas Erickson MS '60, Mollie 
Houseworth Eyster '55, Ned D. Fairchild MS '52, Julia 
C. Hagenbuch MS '50, Wavne R. Hauck '58, William 
H. Houck MS '63, Helen G.Kevser '31, MA '41, Lorena 
S. Kyle '40, Robert A. Mailman MS '63, Mary A. Ney- 
hart 32, MA '40, Peter A. Pasternak MS '65, Walter E. 
Patynski MS '63, Janet Soars Piatt '36, Jane Stannert 
Ranck '40, Joan Hill Seidel '37, Thelma Stamm Seidel 
'26, Elizabeth Keyser Stahl '27, J. Patricia Wagner '50, 
Catherine M. Walter '27, Anna L. Mayes Bingaman '28. 

The administrative staff is responsible for 3,200 pupils in five districts comprising the Milton Area Joint School System. From left are 
Dr. Wayne M. Vonarx, former superintendent; Mr. James Baugher, acting superintendent; Mr. Robert Izer, physical education director; 
Mr. Richard Fisher, senior high school principal; Miss Geraldine Spurr, director of pupil personnel; Mrs. Jane Owens, director of food 
services; and Mrs. Augusta Foose, director of girls' physical education. About 30 percent of graduates go on to higher education. 



Miss Rebecca Lentz '65 

Driving A Truck? 

Who'd ever believe that Rebecca 
Lentz '65 would end by driving a 

Well, this pert, pretty brunette — 
who majored in elementarv education 
at Bucknell — only drives a truck as 
part of her duties with Schrader Re- 
search, Cranbury, N. J. Schrader is 
a testing firm which has many trucks 
on the road demonstrating various 
products, and Becky drives Mobi-Lab 
22 — a twentv-two foot Ions vehicle 
which parks with a bit more difficulty 
than a Volkswagen. 

This summer she was on the road 
for the Coffee Brewing Center and 
she perked thousands of cups of de- 
licious brew from her coffee house 
on wheels at the Newport Jazz Fes- 
tival. While this is billed as the 
"World Series of Jazz," Becky pro- 
vided a big league cup of Java and 
met most of the top jazz musicians 
in the nation. 

A Schrader employee for two 
years, she has been on the coffee tour 
for more than a year and has made 
stops in many cities, including New 
York. She finds people "delightful," 
and her job "hard work but I love it." 
She says she always wanted to do 
three things — play the harp, own a 
sports car and go to the Newport Jazz 
Festival. She's been to Newport, owns 
a sports car and is learning to play 
the harp. 


The Varied 

Worlds of 


Her travels this summer in Mobi- 
Lab 22 included stops at Expo '67, 
Boston, and some midwestern cities. 
She sometimes appears on TV and 
radio in some of the cities where she 
parks her van. 

Keep an eye out for her, especially 
if you're the kind of man who can't 
abide women behind the wheel of a 

Xerox Executive 

The new group vice president of 
the Xerox Corporation and general 
manager of its education division is 
Dr. Robert W. Haigh '48. As head 
of the education division, Dr. Haigh 
succeeds C. Peter McColough, presi- 
dent of Xerox, who has been acting 
head of the unit since its formation 
in 1966. 

A Phi Beta Kappa, cum Imide 
graduate of Bucknell, Bob has served 
since 1966 as a member of the Uni- 
versity's board of trustees. He re- 
ceived his doctor's degree from Har- 
yard University where he was a 
faculty member in the graduate busi- 
ness school from 1950 through 1956. 

The new top officer in charge of 
Xerox education companies formerly 
served as president of Vistron Corpo- 
ration, the chemicals and plastics sub- 
sidiary of the Standard Oil Company 
(Ohio). Before that, he held various 
corporate planning posts as vice presi- 
dent of Sohio. Earlier, he was a di- 
rector and financial vice president of 

Dr. Robert W. Haigh '48 

Helmerick and Payne, Inc., Tulsa, 
Okla. His memberships include the 
Cleveland Council of World Affairs 
and the Financial Executive Insti- 

Although Xerox is engaged inter- 
nationally in the copying and dupli- 
cating field, it has made a deep com- 
mitment to the field of education. 
Two years ago it purchased American 
Education Publications from Wesley- 
an University. This company pub- 
lishes such well known classroom 
periodicals as "My Weekly Reader" 
and "Current Events." 

Xerox also provides programmed- 
learning systems for government and 
industry yyhich are a part of its educa- 
tion division — including University 
Microfilms — and offers a broad range 
of library services to schools and other 

Dr. Haigh will be located at Xerox 
Education Division headquarters in 
New York City. 

Adult Educator 

"Colleges and universities should 
give far more attention than they 
do to the fact that adults have many 
educational needs which ought to be 
served by higher education agencies 
which do not fit neatly into blocks 
of time measured by semester or quar- 
ters and which would achieve their 
objectives better unhampered by the 
mechanics of prerequisites, credit 
hours, mid-terms, final exams and 


The speaker is Dr. Andrew Hen- 
drickson '25 in an address before a 
joint meeting of the Ohio Association 
for Adult Education and the Ohio 
Association of Public School Adult 
Education. The two groups honored 
Dr. Hendrickson for his work in this 
field with the presentation of a 
plaque and a citation. 

Now serving as director of the 
Center for Adult Education at Ohio 
State University, Dr. Hendrickson 
told the group that there is not ade- 
quate support for adult education 
bevond the eighth grade; that there 
is not yet an adequate concept of the 
training needed for teachers in this 
field; that only the rudiments of 
counseling exist, and that little use 
has been made of electronics media 
in teaching adult education courses. 
He urged that professionalism of 
adult education teachers must be 
pushed through the provision of ap- 
propriate credentials and training and 
that the adult education field must be 
siven the same status as other fields 


of education. 

Dr. Hendrickson became a staff 
member of Ohio State University's 
Bureau of Special and Adult Educa- 
tion in 1947 after serving at Cleve- 
land College of Western Reserve 
University as associate professor and 
dean. In 1960, he joined the staff of 
the department of education and as- 
sumed the post he now holds. He 
received a two-year grant in 1962 

Mrs. Amorita S. Copeland '22 

from the U. S. Office of Education 
for a study of the educational needs 
of persons over 65 years of age. He 
received his Ph.D. degree in 1943 
from Columbia University. 

Mrs. Hendrickson, Noryane, is an 
assistant professor in the School of 
Agriculture and Home Economics 
and she has co-authored with her 
husband several articles on adult 
leadership. They reside at 148 East 
North St., Worthington, Ohio. 

Retires From Post 

Mrs. Amorita Sesinger Copeland 
'22 has retired from her post as assis- 
tant to the dean, for development, at 
the New York University College of 
Dentistrv. Since 1958, she has been 
in charge of the fund raising and 
public relations programs of the Col- 
lege of Dentistry. 

In August, Amorita moved to a 
newly purchased home in Lewisburg. 
Her manv talents will not remain 
idle, for she will be involved as a 
consultant on public relations and 
fund raising for several non-profit 

Mrs. Copeland recently completed 
a five-vear term as a member of Buck- 
nell's board of trustees. Prior to as- 
suming her post at N. Y. U., she was 
director of national development for 
the Girl Scouts of America (1950- 
57), initiating an educational pro- 
gram to encourage national corpora- 
tions and foundations to support a 
number of special projects. She has 
served on the development staff of 
Columbia University and was direc- 
tor of public relations and admissions 
at Farleigh Dickinson University's 
Madison, N. J. campus. At one point 
in her distinguished career, Mrs. 
Copeland served as social secretary 
to Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whit- 
ney and as special assistant to Miss 
Anne Morgan and other members of 
the Morgan family. 

A member of the Public Relations 
Society of America, Amorita is listed 
in ^170'$ Who of American Wo- 
men; Who's Who in Pnhlic Rela- 
tions, Who's Who in Commerce and 
Industry, and other media. 

Her new address is 1 1 30 Washing- 
ton Ave., Lewisburg, Pa. 

olume XV / .M.irdi U"H57 / Ximiber 



A new cover design and inside format are 
a journal of letters, arts and sciences edited 
by Dr. Harry Garvin, chairman of the de- 
■partment of English. William Eshleman, 
librarian, designed the new inside format 
and the new cover is the work of Stephen 
J. Kraft '40. A graphic artist, Stephen has'i 
won many prizes for his calligraphic de-l 
signs and book illustrations. One of hist 
present assignments is for the Smithsoniant 
Institute, Washington, D. C. 

Polaroid Beware! 

We first heard the reports froma 
Miami, Fla. about a new camera- 
the Chrislin Insta-Camera — whicB 
retails for around fifteen dollars and 
produces a photo sixty seconds after 
the shutter clicks. 

The firm producing the new entry! 
in the shutterbug market is Cameral 
Corporation of America, HicksvilleJ 
N. Y., and the president of the firn 
is George J. Linder '57, who als 
developed the new camera. 

Reports indicate that Miami waa 
the test market for the new product! 
The nev\'ly developed disposable filn 
magazine retailed there for abouj 
$1.75 for an eight-photo roll. 

The engineer-inventor of the nev 
Insta-Camera lives with his wife anc 
three children at 12 Commercial St. 
Hicksville, N. Y. 



Guide to the U. N. 

Mrs. Alice Haslam Flynn '17 has 
compiled and edited World Under- 
standing, a Selected Bibliography. 
The book is published by Oceana 
Publications, Inc., Dobbs Ferry, N. 
Y., for the United Nations Associa- 
tion of the United States of America, 

This extensive annotated reading 
guide on the U.N. and the world of 
today is designed for teachers, pupils 
and adults, and most titles note the 
appropriate interest by exact ages or 
level. A special section is devoted to 
program suggestions for school, club 
and community groups. 

Mrs. Flynn writes that her book 
"was compiled in the hope that it 
will stimulate explorations in a world 
of books leading to the personal dis- 
covery of a new or firmer faith in the 
United Nations and a wider under- 
standing of the world in which it 
works for peace and human welfare." 

Alice is married to Edmund J. 
Flynn, a graduate of the Massachu- 
setts Insdtute of Technology, and 
they are parents of a daughter, Kath- 
erine Elizabeth. The Flynns reside 
at 5 11 East 20th Street in New York 


In 1964, he won the Spur Award 
of the Western Writers of America 
for the best western historical novel 
of the year, but Eugene E. Halleran 
'27 has compiled a hole-in-one record 
over the past eight years which is the 
envy of most golfers. 

On March 14 — that date could be 
significant — on the fifth hole, he 
scored his fourteenth hole-in-one at 
Margate, Florida. 

Eugene, who has been wielding 
the irons and woods for 30 years, has 
dropped his aces mostly on par-three 
holes, ranging in distance from 100 
to 145 yards. His longest shot came 
on a par-four course in Oceanside, 
N. J. However, his favorite shot 
wasn't a hole-in-one, but an eagle on 
a par four. 

For those who are duffers, we can 
report that Eugene has made all of 
his aces with iron shots — anything 
from a pitching wedge to a five iron. 

And he thinks it all has been just 
"pure luck." 

A teacher turned author, Eugene 
has 30 novels to his credit, most of 
them westerns. His first novel. No 
Range Is Free, was published in 
1944. Of it, one reviewer noted: 
"Here is an action-crammed story of 
the old West, told with unusual 
skill, plausible in plot, and peopled 
with flesh and blood characters vou'll 
ne\'er forget." 

A history teacher with a master's 
degree from Rutgers, Eugene won 
continued praise from the critics for 
"historical accuracy" and "narrati-\'e 
skill." Most of his 30 books have been 
printed for the British, French, Span- 
ish and Argentine publics. His writ- 
ing career was capped three years 
ago bv the Silver Spur Award, the 
highest honor presented bv his pro- 
fessional peers. 

Eugene is married to the former 
Edna M. Whittington and their son 
Robert is a member of the Class of 
1959. The Hallerans now reside at 
1613 N. W. 58th Ave., Margate, 
Pompano Beach, Fla. 

New Duties 

A former Army chaplain. Col. 
William Shure '35, has retired from 
active service only to begin new du- 
ties as chaplain of the Loyal Order 
of the Moose Orphanage, Moosehart, 
Illinois. He retired from the Army 
in February after completing 27 years 
of service that ranged from companv 
chaplain to chief of personnel in the 
Chaplain General's Office. 

The chaplain began his studies at 
Bucknell with the Class of 1930. It 
was then that he met his wife, the 
former Ruth Wentworth '30. He re- 
ceived his bachelor of divinity degree 
from Drew University and served as 
a Methodist pastor in Watsontown 
before entering the service in 1939. 

Both Col. and Mrs. Shure are look- 
ing forward to the challenge that 
awaits at the orphanage. Both feel it 
will be a satisfying experience to work 
with the children and especially to 
contribute to the good that the Loyal 
Order of Moose is doing by operation 
of the home. 

Mrs. Shure will not be a member 
of the staff at the orphanage but will 
find enough volunteer work to keep 
her busy. She is an active member of 
the national chapter of the American 
Red Cross and for eight months she 
served on Governor Scranton's Com- 
mission for the Status of Women. In 
that capacity she was actively en- 
gaged in committee work to attract 
more women to serve in communitv 
organizations and volunteer organi- 

During ceremonies held at the Ar- 
my War College, Carlisle Barracks, 
Carlisle, Col. Shure was presented 
with the Legion of Merit award from 
Major General Eugene A. Salet, the 
post's commanding general. The 
award was presented for Col. Shure's 
"exceptionally meritorious conduct in 
the performance of outstanding ser- 
vice" as post chaplain from March 
1966 until February 1967. 

Col. Shure started his military ca- 
reer in 1939 when he entered the 
Armv. After attending chaplain's 
school, he was assigned to the 95th 
Infantry Division. He served during 
World War II with the division as 
division chaplain. Following the war 
he was assigned to Fort Ord, Calif., 
as a post chaplain and was later trans- 
ferred to Ft. Benning, Ga., where 

Col. and Mrs. Willinm Shure 



he served as an instructor in the 
Chaplain's School. 

For two and one-half years he 
served as the 8th Armv chaplain in 
japan and then was assigned as Chief 
of Personnel for Army Chaplains in 
the Pentagon. After a short stav at 
Fort Monroe, Va., he was assigned to 
Stuttgart, Germanv, for three years, 
and on returning to the States, he 
was assigned to Ft. Leonard Wood, 

From Missouri he went to Korea 
for 13 months and, on his return to 
the states, was assigned to Ft. Sill, 
Okla., before a three-vear tour of 
dutv in Hawaii. In 1966 he returned 
to the United States and completed 
his military career at Carlisle. 

During his career he has received 
many citations, including the Bronze 
Star during his tour in World War 
II along with the Presidential Unit 

Special Tribute 

The Florida Medical Association 
has paid special tribute to Dr. James 
Nelson Patterson '24 with a certifi- 
cate of appreciation for the services 
he has rendered to the medical pro- 
fession, to the public and to the na- 
tion. He is only the second man to 
be accorded this honor. 

Dr. Patterson has been a resident 
of Florida for some three decades. 
He moved there on March 1, 1938 
to become director of the bureau of 
laboratories of the Florida State Board 
of Health. In that post he developed 
an active program to improve the 
quality of the work in the branch 
laboratories of the state, and he was 
instrumental in influencing the State 
Board of Health to employ men with 
Ph.D. and M.S. degrees to upgrade 
professional programs. 

During the earlv davs of World 
War II, he directed a statewide col- 
lection program of blood plasma for 
the armed forces and served as assis- 
tant health officer from 1941 to 1942. 
Entering military service in 1942, he 
rose to the rank of Lt.-Col. in the Air 
Force. Upon his return to civilian 
life, he moved to Tampa, Fla., where 
he entered the private practice of 
pathology. His professional interests 


soon embraced the field of hematolo- 
gy, and he offered for manv vears the 
onlv comprehensive services on the 
West coast of Florida in the measure- 
ment of defects in blood coagulation. 

Dr. Patterson, who received his 
M.D. degree from the School of 
Medicine of the University of Cin- 
cinnati in 1929, began his career as 
an instructor in pathology at that 
institution. While a member of the 
facultv, he served as a pathologist to 
the coroner of Hamilton County, 
Ohio; and as director of laboratories 
for the Hamilton County Tubercu- 
losis Hospital. 

His national reputation in patholo- 
gy led to his appointment, in 1952, to 
the certifying board of pathology of 
the American Board of Pathology — a 
position he filled with distinction for 
14 vears, becoming vice president, 
1965, and president of the board, 

Active in professional and commu- 
nity affairs, Dr. Patterson serves un- 
selfishly in many capacities. He is a 
member of the board of directors of 
the American Cancer Society (Flori- 
da division) and is chairman of its 
Leukemia Committee. He is an ac- 
tive member of the Bucknell Alumni 
Club, of the Tampa Philharmonic 
Society, of the Tampa Rotary Club, 
and of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation Educational Research Fund. 

Mr. David M. Trout, Jr. '50 

Most recently. Dr. Patterson lec- 
tured to the staff of Queens Hospital, 
Honolulu, and to the Pathology So- 
ciety of Hawaii while on a visit to 
the 50th state. 

Wins Promotion 

David M. Trout, Jr. '50, president 
of the Bucknell Alumni Club of Con- 
necticut, began nevi' duties in June 
with the Federal Paper Board Co. 
Dave is now general manager for 
folding cartons in the northeastern 
region, which includes plants in 
Massachusetts, Connecticut and 

Since joining Federal in 1951, 
Dave held posts with office and plant 
management responsibilities. In 1958, 
he became office manager in Federal's 
Washington, Pa. carton plant, and 
in 1962, was named plant manager. 
He was appointed plant manager for 
the New Haven, Conn, carton plant 
in 1964. 

Da\'e and his wife, the former R. 
Leanne Freas '50 are parents of three 
daughters, Deborah, Linda and An-j 
drea. The Trout family will continue 
to reside in Branford, Conn. 

Takes New Post 



Richard C. Tvrrel '63, who served 
since June 1, 1966 as assistant Alum- 
ni secretary, began new duties in 
August with the personnel depart 
ment of the Radio Corporation of 
America, Philadelphia. Dick joined 
the Bucknell staff in 1964 as an assis- 
tant director of admissions after serv- 
ing for one 3'ear in the marketing 
department of the California Oil 

As one of Bucknell's outstanding 
athletes, Dick set a career pass-receiv- 
ing record, captained the 1962 Bi- 
sons, and earned three varsity letters! 
in football. In addition, he became 
the third player in conference historv 
to be named to the All-Middle Atlan 
tic Conference first team for thretl 
consecutive years. 

Mrs. Tyrrel is the former R. Gai. 
Kille '64. The Tyrrels are parents 0^ 
a son, Richard C. Tyrrel, Jr., IVz 
Their new residence is at 202 Randk 
Drive, Barclay Farms, Cherry Hillj 
N. J. 08034. ■ 







We are trying a small experiment 
in typesetting the classnotes for 
this issue, and our first efforts 
may have a few flaws. 

You will note that all items have 
been set with unjustified right mar- 
gins. The type is IBM Delegate, and 
several alert typists have had their 
fingers in the composition of the 
Imaterials. In the typing process 
some maiden names of Class Reporters 
were omitted, and we apologize here- 
with. However, press deadlines did 
not allow for retyping of materials, 
and we plated-up with our flaws 
showing . 

These pages are reproduced by the 
photo-offset method. We hope you 
approve the change. 


Allen W. Flock, director of the 
Bucknell Bison Band, has been work- 
ing diligently on plans for a Band 
Reunion at Homecoming Day, October 

"All who have tooted, twirled, 
thumped, marched or twisted in the 
Bucknell Bison Band are invited," 
Allen noted. "We will have specially 
marked tables at the Alumni Luncheon, 
and we hope to have former members 
up front playing Bucknell songs. We 
hope that each former band member 
will be playing the instrument he 
or she played when in school. We 
suggest that they bring their own 
instruments, or we will arrange for 
them to borrow one from present band 
members . " 

Arrangements are now being made 
for a "Drop-in Bison Band Round-up" 
following the football game against 
Lehigh's Engineers. The site for 
this event will be announced later. 

Please send your name, class, 
'address, and instrument played in 
school to Mrs. John H. Shott, College 
Hill, Bucknell University, Lei.(isburg, 
Pa. 17837. Since records for Band 
Alumni prior to 1949 are incomplete, 
Mr. Flock requests that any known 
addresses of former Bison Band mem- 
bers be included in the information 
sent to Mrs. Shott. 

Please note that this Reunion is 
planned for this year - -1967- -at , 
Homecoming Day, October 14. 


Deadline for the November issue 
is Friday, September 15. Please 
note the advanced deadline for the 
January 1968 issue will be Friday, 
November 10. 


REPORTER: Dr. Frederick B. Igler 
'12, 43rd and Locust Sts., 
Fairfax Apt. 513, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 19104 

The Rochester Garden Club 
visited the Chinese Garden of 
Mrs. John T. Fetherston (EDITH 
KELLY '05) on May 4. They had 
luncheon at the Wynding Brook 
Country Club, supper at Packwood 
House and spent the night at the 
Penn Wells Motel. It had been 10 
years since they last visited the 
garden . 

On May 24 the Smithsonian 
Museum gave a Brahms concert using 
Mrs. Fetherston' s 1878 concert 
grand Steinway piano with the 
enormous and beautiful rosewood 
legs. Brahms played on this type 
piano in 1878 in Vienna. 

United States Judge for the Middle 
District of Pennsylvania, was hon- 
ored at a testimonial dinner in 
May by the members of the Bar and 
Bench of Northumberland County. 
In presenting him for the award, 
one of liis friends on the bench 
referred to him as "A remarkable 
man who has been equal to every 
challenge, a fine lawyer and then 
a great judge, his learning and 
profound insight have richly 
earned for him the honor which we 
seek to express, but in truth it 
is he who honors us by the life he 
has lived and the example he has 

Judge Follmer graduated from 
Bucknell in 1906 and earned his 
law degree at Harvard in 1909. He 
has been honored with degrees of 
Doctor of Civil Law from Bucknell 
University in 1956 and Doctor of 
Laws from Lycoming College in 1959. 
He was born in Milton. His mother 
was the former LIZZIE B. VORIS who 
graduated from the Bucknell Female 
Institute in 1875. His daughter, 
'45 is now Mrs. Robert E. LaCroix. 
His niece, the former PHOEBE 
FOLLMER '45 is now Mrs. John F. 

Word has been received of 
the death of Mrs. Joseph S. Reitz 
(ANNA HALFPENNY '99] a few weeks 
before her 87th birthday. She had 
attended the Emeritus Club festiv- 
ities in 1965. Her father had 
been prothonotary of Union County 
for long years and her grandfather 
was owner of the Halfpenny Woolen 
Mills in Lewisburg. 

Don't Forget 


October 13 § 14 



Mathias (Margaret W. Pangburn) , 

202 St. Louis St., Lewisburg, Pa. 


ELSIE OWENS Long wrote on a 
card to our president, CHARLES 
NICELY, "was so glad to get your 
newsy letter. Am learning to walk 
on crutches but the going is slow. 
Am afraid my traveling days are 
over, but would like to come to 
our 60th reunion." 

Here is a coincidence in 
numbers. Charles Nicely sent me 
this announcement for you: "June 
1968 marks the 60th anniversary of 
the graduation of our class. We 
hope that each one of the sixty 
living members will arrange to 
attend our reunion in 1968." 

Landers who has spent many months 
in a wheelchair, is planning to go 
to Texas this summer. Lewisburg 
is closer than Texas--so we'll 
certainly expect to see her on the 
campus next June. 

For my5elf--I've just fin- 
ished my annual visit to brother 
(WEAVER PANGBURN '10) and his wife 
in Martha's Vineyard and plan to 
make, in August, another jaunt to 
Europe with my son (JAY MATHIAS 
'39) and his wife Margie. By the 
way, brother Weaver, while his 
wife is visiting a sister in 
India, will be making his head- 
quarters with me this fall. You 
will undoubtedly find him in the 
cheering section of every Bucknell 
football game. 

News has come from his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Grant Kingon, of the 
May 19, 1967. "Chief," as we 
knew him^was one of Bucknell 's 
greatest athletes. He was also a 
musician, singing in a quartet, 
organized at Bucknell by PAUL 


CLASS REPORTER: Miss Mildred B. 
Gathers, 100 W. 33rd St., Apt. 6, 
Bayonne, N.J. 07002 

IVith deep regret do we 
announce the death of EARL H. 
BOWMAN who passed away April 29 
in the Allentown Hospital. 

After graduation Earl was 
connected with his father in his 
electrical appliance firm and, 
after his father's death, succeeded 
him as head of the firm. A dis- 
astrous fire destroyed the build- 
ing and most of the block in which 
it was situated. After that, Earl 
was connected with a large 
Allentown store where he was in 
charge of its electrical appli- 
ance department. 

Earl had been retired for 
fourteen years, during which time he 
and Mrs. Bowman traveled exten- 
sively and also he continued to be 
a student of art and foreign lan- 
guages. He was a charter member 
of the Christ Lutheran Church in 
Allentown and was a veteran of 
World War I serving with the Army 



overseas. In college he was a 
member of Phi Gamma Delta. 

To his wife, who is his only 
survivor, do his classmates 
extend sincere sympathy in her 
loss . 

Several of our loyal class 
members attended and enjoyed the 
Emeritus Club meetings and dinner 
at June Commencement Weekend- - 
JOHN BANK, GEORGE, Margaret, and 

We also sadly note the death 
of HUGH D. KITTLE Sr . , principal 
of Belleville, N.J. High School 
from 1935 until his retirement in 

A Navy veteran of World War 
II, Hugh leaves his wife, Dorothy, 
and two sons and a daughter. 


CLASS REPORTER: Miss M. Belinda 

Potter, Center Hall, Pa. 16828 

We are sorry to report the 
death of Dr. JOHN D. W. FETTER 
in Ithaca, N.Y., on May 7, 1967, 
after a short illness. After 
graduation, John earned his B.D. 
degree at Colgate Rochester 
Divinity School in 1916 and was 
awarded an honorary Doctor of 
Divinity degree by Bucknell in 
1945. He went to Ithaca in 1916 
and began his career by founding 
the Baptist Church student work, 
assisted by Mrs. Fetter, at 
Cornell University. By record 
of service and age, Dr. Fetter 
was the oldest University pastor 
in the American Baptist Convention 
and probably served the longest 
period of service of any Baptist 
minister engaged in University 
work. When he retired in 1956 
he had served Cornell University 
for a period of 40 years. He, 
with his two Bucknell brothers, 
the late Dr. NEWTON C. FETTER '09 
and Dr. GEORGE FETTER '10 have 
given a total of more than a cen- 
tury of student work on univer- 
sity campuses. 

Class members present over 
the Commencement Weekend were 
Shoemaker. Marwood was elected 
president of the Emeritus Club. 

Charlie Sander's three 
grandchildren are attending 
colleges widely separated geo- 
graphically. Judith Lee is a 
senior at Stanford University; 
Elizabeth Ann, a sophomore at 
Northwestern; William, a fresh- 
man at Princeton. These are 
the children of Charles L. Jr., 
a vice president and controller 
of the Paul Revere Life Ins. Co. 
of Worcester, Mass. 

attended the Rotary International 
Convention in Nice, France the 
beginning of June. 

BRIGHT BECK underwent an 
operation for cataracts in the 
Allentown Hospital the first week 
in June. 

The Glovers flew to Chicago, 
111., the middle of May and 
returned in time for commencement 
and alumni affairs and Marwood 
made the presentation of Bob 
Rooke's picture in the brief cere- 
mony held in the Meditation Room 
of the Chapel. 

My first visit to the campus 
since the dedication of the Chapel 
was on June 3. I am sure that 
Bob's classmates are proud of the 
memorial that was given in honor 
of his parents. It is indeed 
priceless; a tour of the Chapel 
revealed that everything was in 
perfect order and the newness of 
it made it seem to me that it 
might have been finished only 



Weaver (Dora R. Hamler] , 348 

Ridge Ave., New Kensington, Pa. 


Mr. and Mrs. WILLIAM S. 
brated their Golden Wedding 
Anniversary on May 9. They first 
met at the Bucknell College Girls' 
reception, and vjere married in 
Lewisburg. To Ethel we send our 
deepest sympathy on Bill's death, 
June 24, 1967. We all will 
remember him. 

Commencement Weekend 1967 was 
ideal weather-wise and, for us of 
the Class of 1914, interesting in 
many ways. Thanks to the 1912 
class, and especially, to the 
untiring efforts of MAZE CALLAHAN 
Houseknecht, a happy innovation 
occurred. We of Emeritus stand- 
ing helped celebrate their 55th 
anniversary. A delicious dinner 
was served in the Pink Room of 
the Hotel Lewisburger. The des- 
sert was rounded off with coconut 
cake baked by Maze. It need not 
be added it was eaten with rel- 
ish, as are the cookies she places 
on the tables of a privileged few 
at Alumni luncheon time. After 
dinner a social hour, with all 
present introducing themselves, 
made the evening complete. 

Saturday, many of us attended 
the luncheon in Davis Gymnasium 
and dined and reminisced happily 
with old friends of college days. 

Commencement had a special 
meaning for the Weavers, as it 
had for several more of us. Our 
granddaughter received her diploma 
and her proud grandparents, as well 
as her parents, watched her, with 
mixed emotions, as she went for- 
ward to accept it. Just fifty- 
three short years ago, we too, were 
so privileged. The glow of this 
special commencement lingers on. 
We always look forward to a return 
to our Alma Mater on similar happy 
occasions . 

Members of the Class of 1914 
present at the 55th reunion of the 
Class of 1912 were; EDNA WHITTAM 

JOHN W. RICE and Mr. and Mrs. 
HARRY B. WEAVER, and Jesse Riley. 

It is with sorrow we announce 
the death of our classmate W. 
STANLEY REITZ on Saturday, June 24, 
in his home on South Sixth Street, 
Lewisburg. Our sincere sympathy is 
extended to his wife, Ethel, and 
his son and family. 


Bancroft, R.D.2, Box 325, Altoona, 
Pa. 16601 

I have just received a note 
from MAZE CALLAHAN Houseknecht 
listing the names of our classmates 
who attended the 1912 's SSth 
Reunion together with the Emeritus 
Club June 2 at the Hotel Lewisburgei 
Mrs. ALBERT J. CLARK, Mr. and Mrs. 

Maze reports that they had a 
good party. She enclosed a note 
from IRA DUNKLE saying that he was 
not well enough to make the trip. 

Some of you may remember my 
sister. Marguerite (Mrs. Richard S. 
Magee) who studied organ one sem- 
ester at Bucknell while I was there. 
After an illness of seven months, 
she died on June 23. 


Oesterle, 216-18th Avenue, N.E., 
St. Petersburg, Fla. 33704 

At long last DON HAMAN '17 
and I have gotten together. He tool 
unto himself a second wife and came 
to St. Pete from Jupiter, Fla. to 
visit with her friends. That gave 
us a chance to catch up on 50 years 
of reminiscence. He looks hale and 

MAZE CALLAHAN '12 confined her 
self to 52 words in a recent letter 
What's wrong with your volubility 
Maze? The one before that was six 
pages. I sent that one around Cape 
Horn for the "good of the order." 
It was good to find that ETHEL H. 
PARK Whitman, JOHN CONWAY and 
SHAILER VENTRES of our class were 
at the Emeritus Club. Maze, you 
ought to know that COLEMAN HARRIS 
'12 has his head so deep in his 
collection of names for his direc 
tory that he hardly comes up for 
air. That's the reason you never 
had a word from him. SAM DAVENPORT 
replied to his Emeritus Club invi- 
tation as follows: "I will be in 
Charlottesville, Va. at the univer- 
sity that day, to attend my 40th 
medical school reunion and lead the 
procession. " 

wrote to us following the commence- 
ment. He really wrote to Helen eve 
though the saluation was to me. 
Helen used to be his watch dog in 
the old Sem days, reserving a tryst 
ing seat for Tiny Clum and him when 
they called that sport "fussing. 




Following that, Helen used to get 
the same location for ourselves. 
Lord o' mercy how the habits of 
young people have changed since 
those days of long skirts and 
flopping hats. Fred had just 
finished a stint at being chap- 
lain for Rutgers University's 
Camden campus. 

We are making EARL PEDIGO '17 
our speaker at the Alumni Club's 
[November meeting. He ivas made the 
president of his class at the 50th 
for another five years after having 
served in that capacity for 40 
years. His wife Anne described 
their days in Lewisburg for the 
icommencement and reunion as "17 
[gala days- -dinners , parties, etc. 
Like an enthusiastic old home 
week." They were not through with 
galavantin' but moved on to 
Pittsburgh where it was Anne's 
turn to take part in the Eastern 
Star Convention. With that they 
went to Wyalusing to live a nor- 
mal existence. 

the Emeritus Club meeting and 
thoroughly enjoyed it. She visited 
got a kick out of chatting with 
Whitman was on hand. JOHN CONWAY 
kept his attendance record at com- 
mencement unblemished by putting 
in his appearance as an Emeritus. 
BRUCE BUTT was ambling about. Dot 
says SHAILER VENTRES spends the 
summer at a Scout Camp near them in 
New Jersey. VERNA NOLL, despite 
her broken bones, looked fine and 
was another of our class to enjoy 
much in evidence with her charm. 
Dot had a real thrill in accepting 
HAROLD GIFFIN's medallion in his 
absence. Remember MANDY WHITAKER 
Gray '17 and OLIVE MOORE '17? Dot 
chatted with both of them. I 
remember Mandy well. She and a 
skirt by the name of LEVEGOOD 
(EMMA KATHRYN '18) used to pair 
up and set the SAEs agog as they 
passed the house. Olive I remem- 
ber as a South Jersey girl who 
lived at Shiloh. 

'42 missed her 25th but Dot's 
FREDERICK SCHNURE '42 was able to 
make it. Mary Ellen's daughter 
needed her attention as she con- 
valesces from a serious "staph" 
infection which lodged in her hip 
and kept her in a cast for 17 
weeks . 


King, 328 Sixth St. , S.E. , 
.Washington, D. C. 20003 

Please, all of you, remem- 
ber that the coming year is our 
reunion year--the big one--and our 
only 5Cth. 

Life for me goes on here in 
Washington, and I have enjoyed 
living here. We have a small, 
comfortable, air-conditioned house, 
within sight of the Capitol, and 
with stores, library, post office. 

my CO 
of th 
and 1 
She w 

n wal 
e cou 
o , ab 
am g 
ill b 
be se 
ing t 


e , o 

e do 
he s 

distance. I have 
the summer on my own, 
ur Abysinnian cat, as 

Mary Elizabeth has 
museums from one end 

to the other, doing 

leaves for Mitla, 
August 1, for a month, 

along on that jaunt, 
ing some work, and I 

the country and 


CLASS REPORTER: Mr. Harry H. Angel 
2051-2 Westfield Terrace, Bethlehem, 
Pa. 18018 

I have received a note from 
ELINOR HYATT Schoen upon her return 
from Florida. Her home is at White 
Point Farm, South Harpswell, Maine, 
04079. She is aware that quite a 
few Bucknellians are in her area in 
the winter, and she and her husband 
would be glad to see any old 
friends who might be nearby. They 
are at 2 Sunset Lane, Pompano Beach, 
from late October until early May. 

Mrs. Martin G. Skavish (JEAN 
FLANAGAN) of 841 California Ave., 
Pittsburgh, 15202, writes that she 
accompanied her husband Martin on 
a three-month business trip to 
Bolivia last fall. Her husband was 
assigned to a project to assist in 
reorganizing the Banco Nacional de 
Bolivia. Most of the three months 
sojourn was spent in La Paz, the 
capital. Living at an altitude of 
12,500 ft. among a colorful popu- 
lation of 50^ Indian, 35% of half 
Indian and half Spanish, with the 
balance Spanish and foreign, being 
surprised at the way some people 
must live and taking exciting plane 
rides over the Andes certainly con- 
tributed to the trip. Jean stated 
that they were appalled at the gap 
between the "haves" and "have nots." 
The U.S. is doing a big job in 
rendering assistance to Bolivia 
through several agencies. 

THOMAS ORCHARD of 73 Sea View 
Ave., Providence, R.I., 02905, lives 
on Pawtuxet Neck on Narragansett 
Bay, about six miles south of 
Providence. He is enjoying his 
retirement by sailing, doing some 
volunteer church work, taking 
drives along the beautiful shores 
of Rhode Island, and puttering 
around the house. 

Your class reporter attended 
part of the recent commencement 
at Bucknell. Saw HELEN HOFFA, 
GEORGE KUNKEL, Mrs. A. A. Owen, Jr. 
who started out with our class. 



Miller, Apt. 822 Coral Ridge 

Towers North, 3200 N.E. 36th 

St., Fort Lauderdale, Fla. 


A note from MORRIS HOOVEN 
welcomed us at our new address. 
We are fast becoming Floridians, 
enjoying the sunshine, and 
recently rain. Just now preparing 

the apartment for the hurricane 
season, as we leave for Arkansas 
to visit my brother and attend my 
niece's wedding out there. 

Good news concerning ANDY 
MATHIESON's cataract operations. 
At last report he was recovering 
very well. We look forward to see- 
ing them when they return to 
Pompano in the fall. 

While calling on the EVAN 
ROSSES '22 we learned STEVE and 
DOROTHY DIMLICH have a new grand- 

LOU SIPLEY '18 ScM '20 sent 
an interesting booklet, which he 
had compiled on the Netherlands 
Society of Philadelphia. A busy 
man, he is president of the 
Society and a director of The 
American Museum of Photography. 
Last October he attended the 
international photo fair at 
Cologne, Germany. Lou mentioned 
his sister, MARGARET (HARSH), 
whose husband died a couple of 
years ago. She divides her time 
between Lancaster and Hammonton, 

Do you realize our 50th 
reunion is creeping up on us? 


Ross, 1421 S.E. Fourth Court, 
Deerfield Beach, Fla. 33441 

the only man in our class to wear 
two pairs of shoes at the same 
time in our SATC days, was hon- 
ored in Lebanon last February 
in recognition of service he has 
rendered to athletics in particu- 
lar and the city and county in 
general over a 45-year span. And 
not only that, but the House of 
Representatives of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania at the 
same time adopted a resolution con- 
gratulating him for his life-long 
devotion and efforts as executive 
sports editor of the LEBANON DAILY 
NEWS. The testimonial dinner pro- 
gram was arranged by the Central 
Chapter of the Pennsylvania Sports 
Hall of Fame. 

The forty-fifth reunion of 
our class was highlighted by the 
reunion banquet held at the Watson- 
town Inn on June 2nd. In attendance 
were 51 members and guests. 
Although your reporter was not able 
to be present, all reports indi- 
cated that everyone had an enjoy- 
able evening. SUE PLUMMER O'Niel 
and CARMAULT JACKSON again did an 
excellent job in preparing the 
reunion book and it contains 
responses by letter from 57 mem- 
bers of the class. 

In a recent letter from Buck 
Shott, a copy of a letter received 
by the Alumni Office from JOE 
FITZPATRICK of our class was 
enclosed. It was received too late 
to be included in the reunion book. 
Joe is now living at 1515 Beloit 
Ave., West Los Angeles, Calif, and 
has had a colorful career. His 
work was primarily in the sales- 
marketing field both in Detroit and 
Los Angeles. At present, he is 



engaged in the rental and manage- 
ment of apartments. He is still 
interested in music and entertain- 
ment and served several years as 
president of the West Los Angeles 
Mask and Wig Club. 



Frontz, Allenwood, Pa. 17810 

Would you believe it, class- 
mates, it's approaching that time 
again. That's right, our 45th: 
So start thinking about it (and 
accepting it). Reminders, infor- 
mation and requests for informa- 
tion will, in due time, be com- 
ing your way. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Paul J. Cupp, 
933 Muirfield Road, Bryn Mawr, Pa. 
19010 (See end of Classnotes.) 

announced his resignation, to take 
effect not later than December, 
1967, as executive director of the 
Metropolitan Detroit Council of 
Churches. Merrill has served 20 
exciting years in Detroit and has 
been involved in many activities 
outside of the Council work and 
plans to move promptly into another 
position either in the Detroit area 
or elsewhere by January, 1968. 
Under his leadership the Council 
has added many activities to its 

A card from Doug and PEGGY 
EVERITT Lathrop, sent from Santa 
Maria, Calif, tells us of an enjoy- 
able motor trip across the United 
States last April. 

EMILE COENE, Jr. took time 
from a busy daily schedule to 
answer our letter. (How very much 
we hope that others in our class 
will follow his example! Floss and 
I do like to write letters but it 
is even more fun to receive them.) 
Emile's company, the Fowler 
Engineering Company, was established 
in 1951. His civic and personal 
activities include school director, 
church elder, bank vice president, 
Rotarian, Mason, trout fishing and 
hunting, and foreign travel with 
wife Edith. (We remember Edith as 
the Columbia University student he 
dated while at Bucknell and later 
married after he graduated from 

Briar Patch Road or Turtle 
Beach Road are not the tracks for 
the hare and tortoise races but the 
Rochester and N. Palm Beach addres- 
ses of ALICE RUHL De La Cour. She 
and husband Carl have traveled 
extensively in America and Europe 
the past eight years. They have a 
daughter in Rochester and a son in 
San Francisco. 

Eligible to retire, but still 
interested in teaching, MYRTLE SHARP 
Lewis (and her 85-year-old mother) 
live in Audubon, N.J. Her two 
daughters and three granddaughters 
live nearby. Recent Bucknell con- 
tacts included lunch with FLORENCE 

Shaffer and Peg Weidenhamer Clark. 

A clipping from the Union 
County Journal (sent by RUTH 
WEIDENHAMER Armstrong) tells of 
the Civic Club benefit tour which 
featured visits to eight fine 
old houses--one 1791. Mrs. Charles 
Lindig was chairman of the tour. 
A homey picture of CHARLES LINDIG 
stoking the fire in the restored 
kitchen of their 1844 home brought 
memories of Lewisburg's many his- 
toric buildings. 

The trite "small world" proved 
true when a chance remark disclosed 
is the great granddaughter of one 
of Bucknell's founders-Eugenio 
Kincaid, and the granddaughter of 
Margaret Ann Russell who rowed 
across the Susquehanna to attend 
classes and later taught at the 
"six-sided" school near Montandon. 

A fine interesting, newsy, 
friendly letter from MARY LAPE 
Horner brings news which many of 
Mary's friends will enjoy reading: 
"Had a grand two weeks vacation 
visiting daughter Betty and her 
husband in Florida. He teaches 
in the Senior High School at 
Pompano Beach. My 14-year-old 
granddaughter (one of our 15 
grandchildren) went along. This 
trip marked three firsts for 
Grandma: My first jet flight, 
first trip to Florida and first 
attack of "mal de mer" while on 
a fishing trip in the ocean! . . . 
Health permitting, I hope to keep 
on with my teaching." (Note to 
Mary: You may continue teaching, 
but please do not let it inter- 
fere with plans for returning to 
Bucknell for our next reunion. 
We missed you at the last one!) 

ROLAND HUDSON has advised us 
that after 18 years and nine months 
as pastor of Calvary Baptist Church 
in Norristown, and after 40 years 
in the Christian ministry, he has 
retired. On August 1, he and 
Mildred moved into their "dream 
home" on Cape Cod--53 Stafford 
Circle, Dennisport, Mass. 02639; 
their winters will be spent in 
Florida. They have two daughters 
who have also graduated from 
Bucknell. MARJORIE '46, living 
in California, is married to BILL 
BOND whose father is a retired 
Bucknell professor, Dr. Charles 
Bond. Daughter GRACE '47 and her 
husband Arthur Ahlin live in 
Orlando, Fla. 


CLASS REPORTER: Miss Anna L. Brown, 

45 Wildwood Ave., Pitman, N.J. 


MARY HARRAR was aw: 
tion of appreciation, s 
mayor of New York City 
retired from the staff 
York City Department of 
1966, after 33 years of 
After a trip to Califor 
relatives, Mary has ret 
"retirement" activities 
include the publication 
children's books. She 
working on a book of pu 

arded a cita- 
igned by the 

when she 
of the New 

Welfare in 

service . 
nia to visit 
urned to 


of several 
is also 
zzles and a 

book of quizzes for later publica- 
tion and she continues with her 
painting of oils with about 35 to 
her credit thus far. She continues 
to reside at 315 W. 87th St., New 
York, N.Y. 10024. 

For the 22nd time (in 22 years) 
Dr. L. DOUGLAS MEREDITH served as 
toastmaster to more than 200 per- 
sons who breakfasted in Galveston, 
Texas, when the Texas Mortgage 
Bankers Association met there last 
May. The traditional menu was 
Texas grapefruit, pancakes, 
Vermont maple syrup, sausages, 
bacon, and coffee. Meredith 
received an unusual tribute with 
the presentation of a plaque, "In 
appreciation of his years of loy- 
alty, unselfish service and devo- 
tion." Meredith continues to 
serve as vice chairman of the 
Board and chief financial officer 
of National Life Insurance Company 
of Vermont. He entered Bucknell 
with our class, later transferred 
to Syracuse where he graduated with 
an A.B. cum laude in 1926, followed 
by an M.A. from Syracuse in 1927 
and a Ph.D. from Yale in 1933. He 
also serves on the Board of Trustees 
at Syracuse University, Middlebury 
College and Keystone Junior College 


Roller, 1319 North 2nd Street, 
Harrisburg, Pa. 17102 

re-elected treasurer of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Southern 
New Jersey. 


W. Dill, 721 Sandy Street, 
Tremont Terr. 216, Norristown, 
Pa. 19401 

Life and expenses are the same 
everywhere, as I discovered, having 
just returned from a two weeks 
visit to my brother in Sunnyvale, 
Calif. One of the highlights of 
my visit was a trip to the Stanford 
University campus and the Stanford 
Memorial Church with its beautiful 
mosaics and stained glass windows. 
It is non-demoninational and serves 
the University. The exquisite 
mosaics of Venetian origin are the 
striking features of the church, th( 
most outstanding being "The Sermon 
on the Mount" on the facade and a 
reproduction of Cosimo Roselli's 
"Last Supper" behind the altar. 
The University grounds and building: 
are interesting to compare with our 
eastern universities. 

Before leaving, I had a 
Lutheran resource sheet sent me and 
discovered DON STREETER is a member 
of the New Jersey Synod Evangelism 
Committee and his concise direction: 
for Congregational work is "tops". 
Thanks, Don. (A big help to me.) 
Don has been active in the New 
Jersey Synod for some time. 

While serving supper at the 
Lutheran Home's Donation Day, I 
chatted with DICK PEDEN's wife. 



Ruth, and learned Dick is still do- 
ling a little part time work but 
mostly lazing around, playing golf 
and taking home movies. They were 
in Florida this winter and also 
visited daughter Diane in 
ilndianapolis , whose husband is in 
the United States Army Finance 


Showalter, 425 Market Street, 
ilifflinburg. Pa. 17844 

HOWARD G. KULP, Jr., Esq., 
3f 115 Gill Rd., Haddonfield, 
i^.J., has been elected president 
Df the Bucknell Alumni Club of 
Southern New Jersey. 

ROBERT L. LYON, critic-at- 
large of The Leader at Corning, 
"J.Y., and writer for other publi- 
zations, spent the month of May 
;in New York City, where he and Mrs. 
i^yon attended 23 ballet perform- 
inces in 28 days. They were pre- 
sented by Britain's Royal Ballet 
!ind the American Ballet Theatre 
jin competing seasons at Lincoln 
Center of the Performing Arts, 
ind by Manhattan Festival Ballet, 
m experimental chamber dance 
iroup in Greenwich Village. As 
reported in the May Alumnus , Bob 
^yon has taken an early retire- 
aent from daily journalism to 
levote time to authorship. How- 
ever, he is continuing his news- 
)aper column of drama-music-dance 
^eviews . 


,;LASS REPORTER: Mrs. Earle H. 

Heredith, 303 South Main St., 

ifersey Shore, Pa. 17740 
It has been a long time 
lince 1930 and our class left 
ilucknell. It had been "home" for 
iiany of our formative years and 
:o many it was with a feeling of 
nostalgia that we left those "Ivy- 
tovered Halls"! Have you paid 
Ilucknell a visit in the past five 
ears? If not, do take time [even 
f it means going out of your way) 
see the beautiful campus as it 
s today. There will be moments 
'hen you will say, "How could 
hings ever change this much?" 
lowever, many of the landmarks 
ihat you and I remember so well are 
till there. The beauty of the new 
's breathtaking. Go into Rooke 
Chapel and pause for a few moments, 
eflect and let your mind take you 
ack to chapel at Old Main! Remem- 
er Freshman Week and the antics 
e put over in the quadrangle? The 
;lood of memory will really fill 
our soul with a justification that 
all is well"; 

I had a delightful letter from 
'AVIS JOHNSON, Jr., district manager 
f the Metropolitan Life Insurance 
ompany. His address is 404 Seneca 
;t.. West Seneca, N.Y. 14224. Sur- 
rise Davis with a pop in call if 
ou are in his vicinity. This month 
f June was a memorable one for 
avis and Esther, as son Scott was 

graduated from Dickinson Law School 
and son DICK attended his tenth 
class reunion at Bucknell. Davis 
and Esther are the proud grand- 
parents of two and there is nothing 
more exciting than two grandchild- 
ren (unless it is more and more!:). 

In a recent letter from REBA 
DECKER Hartman, (who is feeling 
fine after her seige in the hospi- 
tal), she tells me that PEG SCHUYLER 
Augestine's husband and son spent 
a nite with the Hartmans in June. 
They had driven into Ohio for Peter's 
graduation. Peg, how about plan- 
ning ahead for that reunion in 1970! 




Last June OLIVE B. BARR was 
awarded a certificate for 15 
years of service with the Continu- 
ing Education department of the 
Pennsylvania State University. 
Actually, Olive completed 15 years 
of service way back in 1957 and 
will soon be eligible for a 25- 
year certificate. Anyway, we 
thank her for her fine years of 
service in helping to make better 
automobile drivers out of all of 
us. She continues to serve 
faithfully as an assistant class 
fund manager for our class. 


Hull, 11 Broad St., Allentown, 
N.J. 08501 

WILLIAM H. WOOD, Esq. has been 
elected vice president of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Harrisburg. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Franklin 
H. Cook, 325 West Park Ave., 
State College, Pa. 16801 

years in business, is changing 
directions. From the time of his 
graduation he spent 8 years with 
S. H. Kress § Co. and then, in 
1941j joined International Latex 
Corporation serving increasingly 
responsible positions in Dover, 
Delaware; Port Glasgow, Scotland; 
Arnprior, Ontario, Canada. This 
summer he became "Joe College" 
again, studying at Queens University 
Kingston, Ontario. In September, he 
will begin teaching in Arnprior 
High School the grade 13 subjects 
of English and Business Management. 

BELL) has been elected secretary 
of the Bucknell Alumni Club of 
Southern New Jersey. 

MARY REEDER DeHotman became a 
widow in March 1967, and we extend 
the sincere sympathies of the class 
to her and her children. She can 
be proud of their achievement for 
the oldest, Deane, received his 
Wings of Gold last spring; Jill is 
an R.N. at Bellevue Hospital, New 
York; Nancy is a teacher in Toms 
River, N.J.; Edward is serving 
aboard the U.S.S. Avion; and Sally 

is employed by Bro-Dart Industries. 
Mary continues to reside at 717 
Diamond St., Williamsport 17701. 

Mrs. Harold R. Miller (MURIEL 
MARSHALL) , organist choirmaster at 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
Bloomsburg, for the past twelve 
years, is the first out-of-town dean 
to be elected by the Williamsport 
Chapter of the American Guild of 
Organists. She has held the office 
of sub-dean for two years and has 
been a member of the executive 
board for five years. In addition 
to her musical career, Muriel is 
active in community affairs, having 
served as president of the Blooms- 
burg Branch of the American Associa- 
tion of University Women and chair- 
man of Kirkbride Volunteers for the 
County Mental Health Association. 

ROBERT N. COOK, professor of 
law at the University of Cincinnati, 
is a leader in promoting CULDATA, 
a comprehensive uniform land data 
system. By use of a national grid 
system adapted for Electronic Data 
Equipment, buyers of land, bankers, 
planners, city and state officials 
will be able to find all pertinent 
information about a parcel of land 
anywhere in the United States under 
such classifications as: land use, 
soils, topographical data, buildings, 
tax title, zoning, geological data, 
and easements. In December 1966, 
Professor Cook organized a Tri-State 
Conference to discuss CULDATA with 
government officials, engineers, 
lawyers, and teachers. 


Fox, 201 Pennsylvania Ave., 
Seaford, Del. 19973 

Prof. ROBERT B. CUTLER, chair- 
man of the department of music at 
Lehigh University is now on a leave 
of absence and will spend the next 
10 months in travels throughout the 
United States and Europe on visits 
to musical organizations and festi- 
vals. Bob, who also directs the 
Glee Club and is university organ- 
ist, has toured with the Lehigh 
Chorus in the U.S. and Puerto Rico 
for combined concerts with choruses 
of several women's colleges. He 
also has given recitals as an 
organist and vocalist and has 
served as a guest conductor at a 
number of musical events. 


Deschanel, 208 Dickinson Ave., 
Swarthmore, Pa. 19081 

A new honor has c 
Ronald V. Wells (PATRI 
by being elected chair 
ture of the American B 
at the American Baptis 
in Pittsburgh last May 
wife of Dr. Ronald V 
dent of Crozer Seminar 
involved in all of the 
ities of faculty wives 
does all of these thin 
ing care of her mother 
90 is amazing. The We 

ome to Mrs. 
man of litera- 
aptist Women 
t Convention 

Pat is the 
Wells, presi- 
y, and is 

varied activ- 
How she 
gs while tak- 

who is nearly 
lis have two 



sons, David who earned his M.D. at 
McGill this year and Robert who is 
a Ph.D. candidate at Princeton. 


Shaub, 416 S. Scott Ave., 
Glenolden, Pa. 19036 

The campus was lovely as ever 
on Commencement Weekend. The 
arrangement of tents for class 
reunions was used again this year 
and there were many familiar faces 
among the reuning Class of 1937. 
The members of '36 having returned 
last year were scarce this June. 
I did see CHICK GWYNNE at the 

Many Alumni attended the Crozer 
Seminary Centennial dinner held in 
May. I had a chat with 37 's BOB 
CARTER, now Dr. Carter, who as pre- 
sident of Slippery Rock State 
College, represented his school 
at the festivities. WALTER MORRIS 
was representing Goucher College 
where he is teaching. Other 
Bucknellians of our "era" attend- 
ing the dinner were TONY VASQUEZ 
'37 pastor of St. John's Baptist 
Church, Philadelphia and PAT 
WOODBURNE Wells '35, wife of 
Crozer's president. 

In June, I was invited to 
attend a dinner for a number of 
Alumni in my local area to hear of 
proposed plans for future campus 
development. DAN GRIFFITH chaired 
the meeting. Representing '37 were 
VASQUEZ. Dr. BILL BOGER '34 joined 
in the reminiscences about the 
"old days." 

Watch for notice of Home- 
coming and plan to return to the 
campus in October. 


Ziegler, 12 W. Garrison Rd . , 
Parkside, Chester, Pa. 19015 

Mrs. Byron S. Lane (M. 
CONSTANCE SEELY) received her Mas- 
ter of Library Science Degree 
from Rutgers University in June. 
She is a librarian at the Ruther- 
ford (N.J.) Public Library. 
Constance's husband died four 
years ago and she and her two 
children, Christopher and Victoria, 
live at 39 Walnut St., Rutherford, 

Another leisurely vacation 
gone- -hope yours was leisurely. 
Our thirtieth reunion was a plea- 
sant way to start the summer. Some 
afterthoughts . . . 

The pre-med and biology majors 
were well represented. In addition 
Trutt and MARGARET BUTCHKO Wilson, 
who are medical technicians. 
represented the barristers of the 
class. . .GIRDIE BREINLINGER Ingold 
has changed so little: Looks very 
much as she did in '37. . . Some 
people had traveled quite a distance 

Florida; REG MERRIDEW came from 
Wilamette, 111. From the 
Philadelphia area came HERB WATSON, 
Some of the up-staters, who had 
very little traveling to do, were 

On Saturday we were joined by 
good to see you all, spouses 

We heard that Dean Amelia 
Clark, who was dean of women when 
we were on the campus, is now 
retired and living in Florida. She 
had returned to the campus in 
recent years to serve as a frater- 
nity housemother. 

Do you have your copy of the 
reunion book? the class picture? 
Both may be obtained from the 
Alumni Office. 

We cannot let this opportunity 
pass without saluting that swingin' 
Class of '42. How could we miss 
them in those blue and white 
striped blazers? Their large turn- 
out and their generous gift to the 
University deserves applause. At 
the luncheon they announced a gift 
of $7000.00 and returns were still 
coming in! Congratulations to '421 

We Zieglers "did" Florida on 
our vacation, and I hope to have 
some news from some of the Floridians 
in the class in the next column. 
We stopped twice in Homestead, Fla., 
for lunch and stayed overnight in 
Ocala. When we came home and I had 
a chance to check on addresses, I 
discovered JEAN ROSER GRIFFEY lives 
in Homestead, while MARJ DIRLAM 
THOMPSON is in Ocala. Small world. 

Better write and let us know 
about your doings or you are going 
to hear all about our trip to 


Jacobs, 164 North Pioneer Ave., 
Shavertown, Pa. 18708 

appointed principal of Coughlin 
High School in Wilkes-Barre . He 
graduated from Bloomsburg State 
College in 1933 and earned his 
master's degree with our Class of 
1938. He has been a teacher and 
administrative official in the 
Wilkes-Barre schools since 1933. 

You probably already know who 
has been selected as Miss America 
for 1967, but did you know that 
Sue Baldwin, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. MASON BALDWIN, was selected 
Miss Sarasota in the preliminary 
competition in Florida? Mason, who 
had long been associated with the 
Miss Florida pageant insists there 
were no politics involved- -Sue is 
just a beautiful girl, presently 
attending Manatee Junior College and 
displayed all of the talent and 
beauty requirements for the contest. 



CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. James Miller, 
1492 Colfax Avenue, Benton Harbor, 
Mich. 49022 

June 4, 1967 was the big day 
for those with a son or daughter 
graduating from Bucknell. One 
particularly proud set of parents 
WENNER, whose son DICK is a third- 
generation Bucknellian. 

BOB MAGUIRE was a delegate from 
the Montgomery County Teachers' 
Association to the Maryland State 
Teachers Institute at Camp Louise, 
Cascade, Md., June 2-4. 

The latest scholarly work of 
MARY MCCLELLAND Lago is the guest 
editorship of the University of 
Chicago quarterly, Mahfil: A 
Quarterly of South Asian Literature . 

A feature sto 
tion of the w 
Tagore appear 
Alumnus . She 
England on a 
American Phil 
her work on a 
spondence bet 
Rothenstein a 
returned this 
duties at the 
Missouri . 

ry on Mary's transla- 
orks of Rabindranath 
ed in the March 1966 

spent August in 
grant from the 
osophical Society for 
n edition of the corre- 
ween Sir William 
nd Tagore. Mary 

month to teaching 

University of 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Chester T. 
Winters, 945 Valley Forge Road, 
Wayne, Pa. 19087 

JOHN M. HUSTLER has been 
moving around for DuPont since our 
last report in 1962. After serving 
in Parlin, N.J., and Towanda, he 
has become manager of accounting 
and business analyst for the Photo 
Products Department of DuPont. He 
and his family live at 1421 Jan 
Dr., Wilmington, Del. 

GEORGE L. NARBER spent a busy 
three weeks last spring taking a 
crash course in German at the 
Berlitz School in Philadelphia in 
preparation for his new assignment 
as controller of Armstrong Cork 
International GmbH, the German sub4 
sidiary of Armstrong Cork Company, j 
George has been with the company j 
since graduation, except for mill- ] 
tary service, and has held increas-J 
ingly important assignments in 
Florida, New Jersey and Pennsylvani 
prior to his assignment in West 
Germany . 

At our 25th reunion weekend a 
year ago, many of us wondered aloud ] 
just how many graduates there were I 
in our class. We've been turning 
out closets around here this sum- 
mer, and I found a scrapbook full 
of college memories, including a 
program of "The Ninety-first Annual 
Commencement, Monday, June 9, 1941. 
For the eight undergraduate degrees 
there are 236 names listed, with 
28 names for the three graduate 
degrees. I have no program for the 
summer commencement, but I know the 
more members of the class were grac 
uated then. 

Do you remember that program? 
We had two addresses: "What Ought 
Life to Mean in These Times?", by 



Dr. Rufus M. Jones; and "Graduating 
from College into a World at War," 
by Admiral Harold R. Stark. Our 
baccalaureate address the morning 
before had been given by our beloved 
Dr. Marts, "Under Three Flags." Do 
you have your copies of the latter 
two speeches tucked away somewhere? 

Today the Alumni Office list 
numbers some 329 members of the 
class, including, of course, many 
names of those who started college 
I with us but never were graduated. 

Last June, several of our 
children became loyal Bucknell 
Alumni, and we are happy to greet 


Baker, R.D. 1, Lindy's Lake, 
Butler, N.J. 07405 

We saw BOB '42 and CAROL 
SPROUL WHITEHEAD at commencement. 
Their daughter ANN '67 was awarded 
her diploma in a wheelchair, having 
had the misfortune to fracture 
both legs in a skiing accident. 
Bob was a trifle on the busy side 
trying to make like a parent and 
still not miss the activities of 
his class, the silver anniversary 
group- -and quite a group it was. 
We have much to live up to in '69. 

Our BOB '67 received his 
degree, too, (B.S. in chemical 
engineering) and is with Humble 
in Pelham, N.Y. 

A call from MARY LEWIS 
STRITTMATTER brought us up to date 
on herself, KEN '42 and the child- 
ren. Jere was about to go for his 
B.U. interview. Mai's still manager 
of a book and gift ship in York. 

Although very belated, our 
sympathy to AMY STEVENSON BOND and 
the children. We did not learn of 
Charlie's (Dr. CHAS . F. BOND '42} 
death until a short while ago. 

Congratulations to HANK PUFF 
on his election to the Alumni 
Board of Directors. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Fay H. Smith, 
! 840 South Columbia Ave., Spring- 
field, 111. 62704 

i G. ALAIN VITRAY of 617 John 
{Marshall Dr., Vienna, Va., had been 

elected president of the Bucknell 
lAlumni Club of Washington, D.C., 

before his untimely death on June 

24, 1967. 


Ewing, 151 Midland Avenue, 
Tarrytown, N.Y. 10591 

chairman of the department of 
economics and business adminis- 
tration at Ithaca college, Ithaca, 
N.Y., has recently been pro- 
moted to professor of account- 

VINCENT J. MCCOOLA who earned 
his master's degree in 1946 and who 

has held various responsible posi- 
tions with the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, became advisor for 
higher education in the Department 
of Public Instruction of the 
Commonwealth last February. 


Goldman, 370 Holland Lane, 
Englewood, N.J. 07631 

MCNEAL) was elected assistant 
secretary of the Bucknell Alumni 
Club of Harrisburg. 

re-elected treasurer of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Connecticut. 

Dr. ROBERT J. STEAMER, chair- 
man of the department of govern- 
ment at Lake Forest College, Lake 
Forest, 111., received a Lilly 
Foundation grant for summer study. 
Bob planned to complete the 
research on his new book in 
Washington, D.C., where he will 
take a closer look at his subject, 
"The Supreme Court and Congress: 
A History of Conflict." 

C. A. PULIAFICO has been 
appointed chief electrical engineer 
in the design engineering department 
of Dravo Corporation's Machinery 
Division. Formerly assistant chief 
design engineer in the department, 
he joined the firm in 1950. Dravo ' s 
Machinery Division designs and 
builds such facilities as iron ore 
pelletizing plants, basic oxygen 
steelmaking plants, vacuum degass- 
ing installations and power plants. 


Brown, 410 Sherman Avenue, 
Roselle Park, N.J. 07204 

CLINT MARANTZ continues his 
interest in the performing arts. 
His latest activity has been as 
director of the Performing Arts 
Curriculum Enrichment (PACE) Pro- 
ject for the schools of Huntington, 
L.I. More than a million dollars 
is being sought by township schools 
to bring professional performers 
in drama, art, dance, and music 
into the classrooms on a part-time 
instruction basis. 

At long last we have received 
word from EILEEN BEALE Teevan from 
their home in Roslyn Heights, N.Y. 
Eileen completed her M.S. in educa- 
tion at Hofstra University in 
January of 1960. She taught brief- 
ly at the 5th grade level in 
Brooklyn, N.Y., but didn't get 
enough of it. She plans to go 
back to teaching some time this 
year. Always very active in com- 
munity affairs, Eileen has taken on 
the chore of publicity chairman of 
the Long Island Little Orchestra 
Society Community and recently 
served as chairman of the Herald 
Tribune Fresh Air Fund Drive. The 
Teevans also have four children to 
keep them busy. 



Frazier, 730 Belmont Ave., 
Williamsport, Pa. 17701 

RICHARD ENGLISH, vice presi- 
dent of the Central Home Trust 
Company and head of its morti- 
gage department, has been elected 
to the board of trustees of 
Elizabeth (N.J.) General Hospital. 
He lives with his wife and two 
daughters at 579 Hillside Ave., 
Mountainside, N.J. 07092. Dick 
entered Bucknell with the Class 
of 1946, but military service 
delayed his graduation until 1949. 

Berkshire Lane, Lincolnshire, 
Deerfield, 111., has been elected 
president of the Bucknell Alumni 
Club of Chicago. 

Dr. HENRY J. GATSKI , who 
received his master's degree with 
our class and later earned a 
Doctor of Education degree at Penn 
State University, has been appointed 
by the Department of Public 
Instruction of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania to be area curriculum 
coordinator in a five-county area 
in Northeastern Pennsylvania. 

Pleasant Mills has been named 
supervising principal of the 
Middleburg Joint School System. 
He is active in church, civic and 
educational affairs of his commu- 

Sylvan Rd., Needham, Mass., has 
been elected president of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Boston. 

WILLIAM W. WHITE has moved to 
the Boston area where he is now 
serving as editor of the West 
Edition of The Patriot Ledger of 
Norwood, Mass. 

Did you know that one-third 
of the staff of the American 
Consulate General in Curacao are 
Bucknell graduates? Yep, both 
SIDENER '65 are on the staff. 

LYNN M. CLARK, superintendent 
of schools in Westfield, Mass., 
participated in a national seminar 
for the development of educational 
activities held in Honolulu in 
July. The seminars were sponsored 
by the Charles F. Kettering 
Foundation . 

been named general sales manager 
at Sprout Waldron in Muncy. He 
lives at R.D. 3, Muncy, 17756. 


Yocum, Jr., 158 West Valley View 
Drive, Exton, Pa. 19341 











ted a V 
of T. M 
sor at 
es as a 
and d 




n § S 

e 196 
tor o 
p . an 


ESON has been 
dent and gover- 
ons , the large 
t firm of 
been a staff 
s office in 
3 and also 

of Koppers Co. 
f the General 
d subsidiaries, 
cted as the 



president of the General Alumni 
Association at its meetings held 
on the campus Reunion Weekend. 

THOMAS W. ISZARD, formerly 
with Corning Glass, has become a 
senior engineer for Sylvania 
Electric Products, Inc. He and 
his wife, Dorris, and their four 
children live at 302 Poplar St., 
Towanda, 18 84 5. 

Clair St., Latrobe, has been pro- 
moted to manager of engineering at 
VASCO, a Teledyne Company. He has 
been with the company since 1953 
and is now responsible for engineer- 
ing, maintenance and construction 
for all plants operated by the 
company. His wife is the former 
Dianne Parker and they are the 
parents of three children. 

been elected vice president of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Chicago. 

LESTER L. MURRAY has been 
named general manager of production 
and engineering at Sprout-Waldron 
in Muncy. He lives at 803 Mul- 
berry St., Montoursville, 17754. 

An interesting report of the 
activities of Mrs. Thomas P. 
received at Alumni Headquarters 
in March. Since the death of her 
husband in 1964, Sara has become 
editorial assistant to the assis- 
tant dean of the School of 
Education, Northwestern University, 
working on a teacher education pro- 
ject funded by Carnegie Corporation. 
Known as the Tutorial and Clinical 
Program in Teacher Education, this 
project is a pilot program which 
is being closely observed by uni- 
versities all over the country. Dr. 
James Bryant Conant, former presi- 
dent of Harvard, is one of the 
consultants for this program. In 
March, Sara, with her daughter (Ann) 
and her parents, Mr. and Mrs. 
Heinzling '17) vacationed in 
Phoenix, Ariz., where they visited 
her cousin, Mrs. RUTH LOWTHER 
Miller '40. 

ROY W. STIGER has been 
appointed chief product engineer 
for the pulp refiner division with 
Sprout, Waldron, and Co., Inc. 
His primary responsibility will be 
to manage their six major product 
engineering groups. 

SAMUEL C. RANCK, Esq. has been 
appointed second assistant district 
attorney of Northumberland County. 
He formerly was an associate of 
Michael Kivko, now president judge 
of the Northumberland County Court, 
and continues to serve as solici- 
tor for the borough of Milton. He 
and his wife and three children 
reside at 803 N. Front St., Milton 

Corning Glass Works has pro- 
moted JOE MUCCIGROSSO to director 
of facilities services in its 
Facilities Division. 

DAVID M. TROUT, Jr. of 23 
Sandra Dr., Branford, Conn., has 
been re-elected president of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Connecticut. 

JEAN MARIE WHITE continues to 
be recognized for her achievements 
in newspaper writing. In May she 

was presented 
O'Brien Award 
women' s- inter 
ing." The aw 
cash prize an 
nate a journa 
$1000 college 
ship. Jean w 
story in a fi 
ing with the 

Busy as 
ing duties , J 
serve as seer 
Alumni Club o 
is on the sta 

with the Catherine L. 

for "achievement in 
est newspaper report- 
ard carries with it a 
d the right to nomi- 
lism student for a 

journalism scholar- 
on her award for one 
ve-part series deal- 
world's population 

she is with her writ- 
ean has found time to 
etary of our Bucknell 
f Washington where she 
ff of the Washington 


Nixon, 2009 Pulaski Road, New 
Castle, Pa. 16101 

Congratulations to ALAN C. 
DAVIS who has taken another step 
upward, this time as division chief. 
Community Resources and Planning of 
the Intermountain Regional Medical 
Program in Salt Lake City. He con- 
tinues to have very close ties with 
the University of Utah and its 
medical center. Last spring during 
his annual military service, he 
spent time on Wake Island, the 
Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand and 
Japan. In Vietnam he participated 
as a crew member on several aero- 
medical evacuation flights. 

elected secretary- treasurer of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Chicago. 

MILTON L. GEISER has been 
promoted to a new position by 
Armstrong Cork Co. in Lancaster. 
He has been named staff project 
engineer for Armstrong's Packaging 
Materials operations. He and his 
wife and their three children live 
at 447 Hawthorn Dr. in Lancaster. 

THOMAS R. LEWIS has been 
elected treasurer of the Bucknell 
Alumni Club of Lancaster. 

moved again. They, with their 
children (Kate and Bill) live at 
Currituck Rd., R.D. 3, Newtown, 
Conn. 06740. Bob is advertising 
and distribution manager for Heli- 
Coil Corp. of Danbury, Conn. 

WAYNE S. HARRISON of 106 Sand 
Rd., Hershey, has been elected 
president of the Bucknell Alumni 
Club of Harrisburg. 

became assistant professor of educa- 
tion at Ohio University after teach 
ing service at Simpson College, 
Smith, Johns Hopkins and Dickinson. 
Charles earned his bachelor's 
degree at Lycoming, his master's 
at Bucknell and his Ph.D. at Johns 
Hopkins . 

I enjoyed a brief visit in 
July with CHARLES ("Cappy" '50) 
and ARLENE BLANK WALSH '52 as they 
passed through New Castle on their 
way east to Saratoga, N.Y. Arlene 
and Cappy have lived at 11006 
Windsor Drive, Westchester, 111. 
for ten years. He is assistant 
regional manager for Air Products 
and Chemicals. They look forward 
to the alumni dinners in the 

Chicago area, because each time they 
renew friendships with the several 
hundred active Bucknellians there. 

Although we both had so much 
to say that we barely stopped to 
give the other a chance to speak, 
I was so glad to see her two boys 
"Chip" (Charles IV), 13, and Jeff, 
11, and to get my first glimpse of 
their honey-blonde, blue-eyed, 
three-year old charmer, Caroline, 
born August 23, 1964. A good look- 
ing group, but then, how could 
they miss with Arlene and Cappy for 

A note from BOBBIE MAURER '53 
Reitz tells us that she and Bill 
and their two sons. Bill and David, 
are busy getting settled in their 
new home at 395 Riley Ave., 
Worthington, Ohio 43085. After 
receiving his promotion in November, 
1966, he is now group sales and 
merchandise manager for the J. C. 
Penney Company in Columbus, Ohio 
where he has supervision over seven 
established Penney stores and two 
more which are under construction. 


Rusling, 2735 Edge Hill Road, 
Huntingdon Valley, Pa. 19006 

JUD BUNNELL has left Scottsdale 
but not Arizona. He is now vice 
president and general manager of 
Ponderosa Inn, Inc., just eight 
miles east of Williams (Ariz.) and 
21 miles west of Flagstad on high- 
way 66-89-40, only five miles from 
the entrance to the Grand Canyon. 
Jud and his wife, the former Judith 
Crow, and little Jill Elizabeth 
(born in May, 1966) are ready to 
greet Bucknellians at Ponderosa Inn. 
Jud, of course, will continue to 
serve as president of the Bucknell 
Alumni Club of Arizona. 

DONALD F. SCHEER has been 
named editor of Florist and 
Nursery Exchange " This is just one 
in a long line of publications 
which Don has edited in the past 
15 years. 


Chambers, Jr., 15 Walden Place, 
West Caldwell, N.J. 07007 

Rev. WILLIAM S. EATON resigned 
his pastorate at the Swarthmore 
Presbyterian Church and is now 
Administrative Director of the 
Comprehensive Care Out-Patient 
Clinic which the Children's 
Memorial Hospital in Chicago, 111. 
operates in conjunction with the 
Chicago Board of Health. Mrs. 
Eaton is the former NANCY L. 

ALICE FETZER Carse has been 
named to the third group to 
receive Graduate Fellowships for 
Women from the Danforth Foundation. 
She will be pursuing her Ph.D. in 
German at New York University. 

NED A. MILLER of 73 Hungerford 
Rd., Briarcliff Manor, N.Y., has 
become president of the Bucknell 
Alumni Club of Westchester. 



received his master's degree in 
1953, went on to Hahnemann Medical 
College where he now serves as 
director of the School of Medical 
Technology and Laboratory Training 
in the College and Hospital. He 
also was recently appointed chair- 
man of the Inspection and Accredi- 
tation Program in the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania for the American 
Association of Blood Banks. 

elected secretary of the Bucknell 
Alumni Club of Connecticut. 

I has been presented the United 

States Marine Corps certificate of 
I commendation for service in Vietnam. 
The certificate of commendation 
read in part: "His leadership, 
ability, and loyal devotion to 
duty reflected great credit upon 
himself and the United States 
Marine Corps." Major Lang is 
now serving as assistant pro- 
fessor of Naval Science at the 
Pennsylvania State University 
j in ROTC Unit and lives at 483 Park 
JLane, State College, Pa. 16801 
I A. BELL) has been elected secre- 
I tary of the Bucknell Alumni Club 
'of Lancaster. 

Mr. and Mrs. Victor Nuovo 
(BETTY STAGG) and their boys, Vic 
and Tom, will be journeying to 
India this year where Vic will 
study Vaishnavism, past and pre- 
sent, as a result of receiving 
a scholarship from "The Society 
for the Study of Religion in 
Higher Education." 
i The Nuovo family will be 

(living in Madras for eight months, 
will travel in the Far East for 
four months, and will spend the 
last six weeks in Japan. 

Mrs. Fred E. Hunneke (LEE 
were listed in the 1966 edition, 
released last May, of " Outstand - 
ing Young Women of America . " 
Congratulations to you both! 

now an assistant professor of 
medicine at the University of 
(Illinois College of Medicine and 
the director of the Department 
of Virology at the Hektoen Insti- 
tute for Medical Research, in 
Chicago. Maury, his wife, and 
their two children, Michael 4, 
and Karen 9 mos., live at 
|789 Washington St., Elmhurst, 
111. 60126. 

appointed plant manager at Albion, 
Mich., for Corning Glass Works. 
Jim joined Corning after gradua- 
tion. In 1963 he was named pro- 
duction superintendent at "A" 
factory in Corning, and for the 
past year has been plant manager 
^ of B § C factory there. Jim was 
one of the Bucknellians featured 
in tne article on Corning Glass 
published in September 1966 issue 
of the Alumnus . 

May we remind you that our 
15th Class Reunion will be held 
on campus in June. Make your 
plans to attend. 


Aspinwall, Rt . 2, Box 177, The 
Carriage Hse. #6, Greenville, 
N.C. 27834 

three children are living in Alaska 
while husband. Bill, is in Vietnam, 
flying Mohawks for the Army. Bill 
received a promotion to major in 
1965. By the time this is pub- 
lished, the Pratts should be back 
to routine again, with Bill in 
Vietnam and Shirley in Alaska, 
after enjoying rest and relaxation 
in Hawaii in August. 

been promoted to assistant to the 
treasurer of Lever Brothers Company 
in New York. Gene's address is 
6600 Blvd. East, Apt. 22A, West 
New York, N.J. 07093. 

MARJORIE BEACH Beach writes tha 
little Jennifer Ellen, one year old 
on June 18, is getting along all 
right after falling down stairs 
and breaking her thigh. Jennifer, 
Catherine, John, Alexis, and 
Elizabeth, are all thriving in 
the Berkshire air. Address: 181 
New Lenox Rd., Lenox, Mass. 

CINDY LUKS Martin will have 
at least a year's experience as a 
"corporation wife in Europe." 
Harry, Cindy, and three daughters 
moved to 9 Dionysos St., Ekali, 
Greece in July. They live about 
18 km northeast of Athens. Cindy 
extends hospitality to all Bucknell 
friends coming to Greece. 

ing substitute teaching in the 
Wilbraham, Mass. area. 

Major FRED LOCKE has returned 
from duty in Vietnam. PHYL 
(BOYNTON) , Fred, four children and 
two dogs are now living at 1421 
Ocala Ct., Chula Vista, Calif. 

FRANKLYN R. GRAF has joined 
the Lever Brothers Firm as a sales- 
man. Since 1954, Frank informs us 
he has moved 11 times. 

ELDON S. WEBB M.S. '54 has 
joined the staff of York Junior 
College as assistant to the presi- 
dent. He formerly served as super- 
vising principal for the South- 
eastern School District in York 
County . 

JIM LOGUE has long ago given 
up his "Bucky the Bison" suit, but 
he continues to serve his University 
and its Alumni as president of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Lycoming 
County. Jim also teaches at the 
Williamsport Area Community College 
and finds time to make tape record- 
ings of his reviews of new books 
for patrons of the James V. Brown 
Free Public Library in Williamsport. 

BRUCE A. LABAR, assistant vice 
president in charge of investment 
analysis for Waddell fj Reed, Inc., 
has been awarded the professional 
designation of Chartered Financial 
Analyst (C.F.A.) by the Institute 
of Chartered Financial Analysts. 
Bruce and his wife, the former 
MARION MOLL '56, and their two 
children live at 9012 W. 71st St., 
Shawnee Mission, Kans . 66204. 


received her Master of Arts degree 
in 1954, has been appointed 
University Registrar at Bucknell, 
succeeding GEORGE R. FAINT '25, who 
officially retired in March. A 
member of the Bucknell staff since 
1947, Miss Pyle served as recorder 
from 1952-1959 and as assistant 
registrar from 1959 until last 
November. Active in Girl Scouting 
and foster parents activities, she 
has 'adopted" (financially) her 
third "adoption," a nine-year-old 
Vietnamese girl. 

earned his master's degree in 1954, 
has moved to Hershey where he 
assumes the responsibility of 
public relations for the Hershey 
Chocolate Corporation. He con- 
tinues to serve as our assistant 
class fund manager. 

MARY LOU MAYER Brooks recently 
tcompleted a term of office as 
president of the Board of Trustees 
of Learning Resources Unlimited. 
She is the founder and business 
manager of the school. With all 
these responsibilities confronting 
her, Mary Lou finds time to wash 
diapers and dishes plus performing 
the numerous other household chores 
of a mother and housewife. 


Vance, Jr., 4862 Reservoir Rd., N.W. 
Washington, D. C. 20007 

"Traded my 
Texas) for 
husband Fra 
Hancock's h 
year. We b 
lovely seas 
which is so 
boys , Mark 
a two-story 
trees, so I 
to suit us 
Hingham, Ma 

nc r 
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allon hat 
on baked 
eceived a 
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t a home 
town of H 
of Boston 
d John 4 , 
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beans when 

to John 
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in the 
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ime, with 
ind one 

ates Rd. 


Trumbower, 412 East Springfield Rd. 
Springfield, Pa. 19064 

elected vice president o 
Bucknell Alumni Club of 

promotion, this time as 
vice president and staff 
assistant of the Manufac 
Hanover Trust Company, 
married to the former Su 
Ellsworth. They and the 
children live at 8 Purit 
Huntington, N.Y. 11743. 

promotion in Bell Teleph 
tories and is head of tr 
vice position system pro 
ment. He, his wife, and 
live at 15 White Oak Dr. 
Neck, N.J. 

trar of the Williamsport 
College in July. 

has been 
f the 
Washington , 

had another 

Frank is 
san A. 
ir two 
an Place, 

had another 
one Labora- 
affic ser- 
gram depart- 
three sons 

ecame regis- 



GERALD HALL has been promoted 
from assistant to the president to 
administrative vice president of 
Hall's Motor Transit Company. 
Presently, he is serving as the 1967 
Dauphin County Chairman of the 
Business and Industry Division for 
the -American Cancer Crusade. 

HUGO KATES is the contracting 
manager of the Baltimore sales 
office of Bethlehem Steel Corp. 

SANFORD J. ("Sandy) SACKS is 
seeking future prosperity through 
diversifying his business ventures. 
His latest acquisition is an employ- 
ment agency specializing in place- 
ments for the executive type job 
(but not limited to this) named 
Delco Personnel, Upper Darby. In 
addition, he is the owner of the 
Sextet Barber Shop at the new 
Plymouth Meeting Mall, Plymouth 
Meeting, and has an interest in 
the Harvey St. West Apartments, 
Germantown. Sandy regrets that he 
has lost contact with most of his 
Bucknell friends and hopes that he 
may hear from them at his Delco 
off ice--including matchmakers since 
he's still single. 

The Don W. Handleys (ANN 
BRIDDELL) of Springfield enjoyed 
a day at the Kutztown Folk Festival 
last July and a week at Ocean City, 
N.J., in August. Ann recently 
heard from ARLINE (SHERWOOD) Skiff 
who sailed with husband John, their 
two children, and Arline's parents 
to Expo, and from CAROL (MEEK) Hart 
and family who enjoyed a summer 
vacation at their cottage on Lake 

At a recent Delaware County 
Bucknell dinner, I was happy to see 
a former classmate, BETTY (KIELAR) 
Skweir. Betty is married to Dr. 
Leon A. Skweir, a resident physi- 
cian at the Eastern Pennsylvania 
Psychiatric Institute in Philadel- 
phia. For the past year they have 
been living at 781 Upper Gulph 
Road, Strafford. They are both 
busy "farming" their 9/10 acre 
(leaves'.:), and Betty has taken up 
the art of baking their own bread. 
Previous to living in their present 
home, the Skweirs spent two years 
at Fort Riley, Kansas, where Leon 
fulfilled his military obligation. 
While stationed there they traveled 
a great deal, visiting the South- 
western and Western states and 
went to the Rocky Mountains to 
ski. Betty also took on an inter- 
esting job of abstracting patents 
for Chemical Abstracts , a service 
of the American Chemical Society. 
Betty sent me this report on 
"When Michael Stephen joined Mary, 
Karl, Amy, and Suzanne in March, 
1966, and produced a 'full house', 
BARBARA and Mark moved from their 
ranch house to a larger two story 
home nearby." Their present 
address is 2419 Brookshire Dr., 
Chatham, Wilmington, Del. 19803. 

At the same dinner I also met 
RICH MCFARLAND who is working for 
Drexel, Harriman, Ripley, Inc. in 
Investment Banking. He and his 
wife Rachel live at 1054 Croton Rd. 
Wayne, and have four children 
(Scott 8, Steve 6, Stan 3, and 

Ann Sue 1-) . Their son, Stan, is 
named for^Rich's friend STAN ELLSON 
whose son, Jimmy, was born on the 
same day in the same hospital. 
Stan Ellson is now with Ailing and 
Cory, a paper distributor in 
Buffalo, N.Y. 

interesting summer vacation visit- 
ing the Pacific Northwest and 
Alaska. When not on her exotic 
vacations, Caroleigh is a children's 
librarian and lives at 346 Richard 
Ave., Hicksville, N.Y. She has 
also recently visited LIL (BORLUND) 
and Don Florcsk in Falls Church, 
Virginia, and Dr. WALTER JULIA, 
his wife Beverley, and their new 
son John Gregory. 

And finally, Mrs. WALTER 
sister-in-law, Mrs. James D. 
Trumbower (DOTTIE DALE) spent a 
child chasing week at Hillandale 
Farm (the Trumbower home) in 
Muhlenburg with the Mankin child- 
ren (Kirby 6, Kyle 4, and Korey 2) 
and the Trumbower children (Britt 
3 and Julie 1). A birthday party 
for Julie was worked in among the 
perpetual cowboy and Indian raids. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Lewis B. Maul, 
122 North Lancaster Ave., Margate, 
N.J. 08402 

his Ph.D. from Ohio State University 
in June and is now in Japan as the 
first exchange professor sent there 
by the Alaska Methodist University, 
Anchorage, Alaska. David has made 
a nice recovery from a severe heart 
attack suffered last May. It is 
expected that his wife, the former 
ATSUKO OUCHI '56, who taught the 
Japanese language in Alaska, will 
now be teaching the English lang- 
uage in Japan! They will be asso- 
ciated with the Gakuin University 
in Nagoya. We are sure their 6-year 
old daughter, Nagisa, is by now a 
talented linguist! Address: #3 
2-chome, Akamatsu-cho, Nada-ku, 
Kobe, Japan. 

elected treasurer of the Bucknell 
Alumni Club of Washington, D.C. 

HOWARD D. SIPLER has been pro- 
moted to district dealer sales 
supervisor for the Roanoke, Va., 
District of Humble Oil and Refining 
Company. He and his wife, the 
former JOAN CARBERRY and children 
(Jeff and Debbie) reside at 3718 
Tomley Dr., S.W., Roanoke, Va . 

JOHN DAWES is keeping him- 
self busy as chairman of the Sixth 
Annual Greater Freehold Hospital 
Charity Ball. A very energetic 
community leader, John has distin- 
guished himself as president of the 
YMCA Board of Directors since 
1965 and secretary of the Board of 
Trustees of the Presbyterian 
Church. John also has been named 
vice president of the Greater 
Freehold Chamber of Commerce. In 
his spare time, John manages to get 
in a little work at the law offices 
of Krusen § Dawes, located in 

Freehold, N.J. 

It was a marvelous reunion- - 
thanks to those who attended, those 
who helped, and those who returned 
their biographies so that our book- 
let was as complete as possible. 

Congratulations to our new 
officers: president, BOB MILLER; 
vice president, DON (DEWEY) DUBOIS; 
secretary, SALLY BOTSAI; treasurer, 
PHIL CERVENY: class fund manager, 
ED KLETT: reunion chairman, SAM 
ADAMS; reunion book editor, CALLIE 
MEYER Smrcka, and area chairman, 
DON PLUMP. You'll have to put up 
with me for another term. I'll 
make a deal with all of you. I'll 
compile the information and you be 
the class reporters. 

welcomed their first child, a son, 
April 3. Joy taught school for two 
years prior to baby Stu's arrival. 
Stu is associated with Allegheny 
Ludlam Steel Corp. in Dunkirk, N.Y. 
as an industrial engineering super- 
visor. The Cains live at 20 
Westerly Dr , , Fredonia, N.Y. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Stephen A. 
Jennings, 40 Dumgoyne Dr., 
Bearsden, Dumbartonshire, Scotland 

nine years specializing in the 
marketing of supermarket products, 
has recently become account mana- 
ger of the newly-created food 
marketing department at Mutual 
Transit Advertising. Gene and 
his wife, the former Suzanne 
Thornton and young son, Sean, live 
at 12 East 97th St., New York City. 

WILLARD SCOTT has been named 
Chicago Mortgage Loan manager for 
New York Life Insurance Co. At the 
age of 30, he is the youngest loan 
manager the company has ever 
appointed . 

is chief of Anesthesia Science at 
the U.S. Naval Hospital, Jackon- 
ville, Fla. He says, "Wife Audrey 
is presently on a ceramics kick wit! 
clay-ware all over the house!" Thej 
have three children, Linda 13, 
Debbie 11, and Kenny 4, all of whom 
are excellent .swimmers . The whole 
family is now learning to water 
ski behind their 16-foot runabout. 
Ken extends an invitation to all 
classmates "to stop by for a chat, 
if they pass this way." Address: 
Qtrs. H.N., N.A.S., Jackonville, 
Fla. 32214. 

STUART A. STEELE who earned his 
Ph.D. in electrical engineering at 
Pennsylvania State University has 
now joined General Electric Company 
as a Guidance and Control systems 
engineer. Last May he was a speake 
at the Tenth Midwest Symposium on 
Circuit Theory at Purdue University 
He and his wife, the former Gayle 
S. Kelchner, and their two sons no« 
reside at 144 Sugartown Rd., Malvei 

EDWARD F. STAIANO received his 
doctorate degree from the Universit 
of New Mexico in June. He has 
returned to Lewisburg with his wife 
the former JANET C. SMITH '61, and 



daughter, Eva Marie and is now 
director of the Bucknell Computing 
Center and an assistant professor 
in mechanical engineering. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Herbert H. 
Wright, 459 Channing Ave., 
Westfield, N.J. 07090 

TONY LUCAS reports a ne^^ job 
and increased activities for the 
whole family. Last spring he 
became director of industrial 
relations for the space component 
division of Atlas Chemical Incor- 
porated at the Valley Forge plant. 
He continues his work on his MBA 
degree at Temple and is presently 
writing his thesis. His wife, 
the former ELLENA STEINMAN, besides 
looking after sons Greg and Jeff, 
continues to serve as supervisor 
of elementary music in the Upper 
Dublin School District. Last 
spring she again served on the 
panel of judges for the selection 
of Miss Montgomery County, a com- 
petition leading to the Miss 
America pageant. Ten years ago 
she reigned as "Miss Montgomery 
County." As time permits, she 
still plays the marimba profes- 

BOB HARDER has been promoted 
and is secretary and assistant 
operational officer of the Northern 
Central and Trust Company in 
Williamsport . 

housewife and teacher of French at 
Wellington College for Women in 
New Zealand after marrying David 
Falconer Kininmonth, an official of 
the New Zealand Trade Commission. 
Esther earned her M.A. degree at 
McGill University and spent some 
time in Switzerland prior to her 

It is now GEORGE B. FARIES Jr. 
M.D. if you please, George having 
received his M.D. degree at 
Jefferson Medical College last 
June. He and his wife, the former 
MARY LINN GROSSMAN '64 with their 
two sons now live at 66 Kinsington 
Dr., Camp Hill,, 17011, while George 
is interning at the Harrisburg 
Hospital . 

HAL M. DANZIG has been named 
vice president-sales for Electronic 
Research Company. Hal has been 
sales manager of ERC , a Textron 
company and producer of frequency 
control products. Before joining 
the company in 1965, he was sales 
manager of Midland-Wright in Kansas 
City. He held previous engineering 
positions with General Dynamics 
Electronics in Rochester, N.Y., and 
Itek Electro-Products, Boston. A 
native of Rochester, he received 
his B.S. degree in electrical 
engineering. Hal and his family 
reside at 5021 West 100th Terrace, 
Overland Park, Kansas 

Herbie and I thoroughly 
enjoyed the leisurely life and 
being outdoors as much as possible, 
gardening, cycling, swimming, and 
sharing the company of Taylor who 
grows faster than we can believe 
and is a constant source of pleasure 

(and a little work) to us. 

In May, after nine-and a- half 
years, it was a very special treat 
to reune with ANN CARSON Behr and 
her two youngest of her three 
children when they came to visit 
for the day. Ann's children, 
church and club activities keep 
her very busy. Ann and Dick reside 
at 543 Bryn Mawr Ave., Swarthmore. 

Also in May, SCOTT MCROBB 
became assistant to the president 
of the Summit Elizabeth Trust Co. 
and in this capacity will head a 
newly-created department concerned 
with organization and profit plan- 

The population explosion con- 
tinues to receive a big boost from 
'59ers; namely, Melinda Michele 
was born May 31 and joins proud 
parents Terry and MELINDA (HAUSER) 
Hutton, Mike and Lisa. Three 
seems to be a lucky number for the 
and LEE C'58) welcomed their third 
son, Timothy Drew, on May 13. He 
joins David and Bryan at 570 
Crystal Dr., Pittsburgh 15228. In 
March it was a first for RICK and 
Peg RYER when their new son, 
Alexander Damond, arrived on the 
29th. And, one more: Isobel and 
HARRY HAAS joined the baby boy 
bandwagon when Stewart Skylar 
arrived to delight them and his 
older brother Steve. It looks like 
happiness is a new baby in the 
house I 

From the Coles there comes news 
of the Wamplers, Joe and GAYLE 
(MYERS) . IVhen Joe finished his 
tour with the Navy in the spring, 
they became entrepreneurs, part- 
owners in a restaurant, the Seven- 
Sails, in San Jose, Calif. This 
fall they have headed for 
Northwestern University where Joe 
enters the selective school of 
podiatry there. Quite diverse 
activities, I'd say. 

Living in Ridgefield, Conn., 
at 18 Briar Ave. is CAROLE JEAN 
MCFARLAND Joscelyn, with husband 
Ron and three daughters, Leona 6, 
Cardi 5, and Mary, almost a year. 
Carole, who has one more semes- 
ter's work to complete her master's 
degree, has written a book now 
being illustrated and soon to be 
published. We hope this busy, 
ambitious gal will tell us more 
about the book so we can watch 
for it. 

Now that her son, David, is 
seven and in second grade, NORMA 
COYLE Siebenheller has the time 
to return to school, Pratt 
Institute, Brooklyn, to get a 
master's in library science with 
a goal of becoming a reference 
librarian. It will be two years 
more until Norma attains her goal, 
but she is thoroughly enjoying 
her courses. Husband Bill is 
assistant general claims manager 
for the Home Insurance Company 
in New York City. The Siebenhellers 
reside at 384 Tysen's Lane, Staten 
Island, N.Y. 

The last few years have been 
busy, productive ones for ERNIE 
and Nancy (Smith '59) IVALLWORK. 
Since 1964 they have been living 

in Cambridge, Mass., 1403 South, 
900 Memorial Dr.; for in that year 
Ernie received a B.D. from Yale 
Divinity School. Now he is com- 
pleting his Ph.D. at Harvard. 
Although a licensed Presbyterian 
minister, he is currently the 
teaching fellow in Roman Catholic 
Studies at Harvard and the Methodist 
chaplain at M.I.T. (Ernie sounds 
like a one-man interfaith ambassa- 
dor!) Recently he was selected 
for a Rockefeller Doctoral Fellow- 
ship, the highest honor which can 
be bestowed upon a doctoral stu- 
dent in the study of religion. 
Fellows must be nominated by their 
respective faculties and compete 
nationally against similarly quali- 
fied doctoral students. The 
Fellowship is designed to enable 
the Fellow to complete his doctoral 
dissertation with the succeeding 
academic year. Ernie's thesis, 
entitled "Morality and Milieu," 
vviill examine the implications of 
various psychoanalytic and socio- 
logical theories concerning norma- 
tive control for philosophical 
ethics. (This doesn't sound like 
light reading to me!) We wish 
Ernie all continued success. 

Another very busy 'S9er is 
WILMA RILLING Stahura who lives with 
her husband, Walter, Jr. (Harvard 
'58), at 241 East 18 St., New York 
City. Wilma is one of three fas- 
hion coordinators working for 
Montgomery Ward and reporting to 
their National Fashion Coordinator. 
This staff is responsible for 
researching, analyzing, and pro- 
jecting fashion trends. Some of 
her special "extras" which make the 
job especially exciting are: (1) 
a once-a-year junket as Ward's 
National Bridal Consultant, at which 
time she coordinates and commentates 
a series of bridal fashion shows, 
advises future brides, appears on 
daytime TV shoivs, and is interviewed 
for and by newspapers; (2) selecting 
a wardrobe for a Miss America con- 
tender; (3) commenting to The New 
York Times about current fashions ; 
and (T) assisting in the promotion 
of international designer fashions 
across the country. Whew! 'Tis a 
busy life! 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. David N. Ott, 

40 E. Pomfret St., Carlisle, Pa. 


ROBERT J. MOORE has recently 
been appointed assistant secretary 
by the United States Trust Company 
of New York. Bob, who joined the 
Trust Company in 1961, is an estate 
and trust administrator in the 
Trust Administration Division of 
the bank. He and his wife, the 
former Tina Franciscus '61, and tvjo 
daughters live at 404 Prospect Ave., 
Oradell, N.J. 07649. 

Dr. ROBERT A. HOWELL served as 
general public relations chairman 
for the 1957 New Jersey Jaycee 
Football Classic. The charity game 
between the New York Giants and the 
Philadelphia Eagles held at Palmer 
Stadium in Princeton on September 2 



has raised nearly $750,000 for 
New Jersey charities since its 
inception in 1962. Bob continues 
his deep interest in the study o£ 
effective management practices and 
has earned the MBA degree from the 
University of Pennsylvania and a 
Doctor of Business Administration 
from Harvard University. He is a 
full time business executive with 
Radio Corporation of America and 
lives with his wife and two sons at 
421 Parry Dr., Moorestown, N.J. 

We regret to have to report the 
death on May 31, 1967 of our 
talented classmate CHARLES NEGRON. 
After his outstanding career at 
Bucknell, he spent two years in 
the service where he taught military 
law and was attorney in four courts 
martial cases. Following military 
service he became a revenue officer 
for the Treasury Department during 
the day, and a law student at night. 
He was graduated with honors and the 
only one of his graduation class 
selected by the Justice Department 
for the Civil Rights Division. He 
was assigned the most difficult 
territory, five counties in 
Mississippi and appeared in court 
twice before a segregationist judge, 
winning both cases. Our sincere 
sympathy is extended to his wife, 
the former Frieda Spelotti, and 
three sons. 

JACK E. WOERNER has been named 
assistant secretary of business 
development of the Security Trust 
Co. , Rochester, N.Y. 

HOMER C. MOORE of 315 Dahlia Rd . , 
Lancaster, has been elected presi- 
dent of the Bucknell Alumni Club 
of Lancaster. 

PETE PEDRICK has been named 
Section VII Chief of the Phi Gamma 
Delta fraternity with the chapters 
at Bucknell, Gettysburg and Johns 
Hopkins under his jurisdiction. 
Pete continues to serve as director 
of development at Bucknell and has 
been active in the fund raising 
campaign conducted by the Evangelical 
Community Hospital in Lewisburg. 

BARRY E. TAGUE has been elected 
to the Board of Governors of the 
Philadelphia -Washing ton -Baltimore 
Stock Exchange. He has been a 
member since 1959 and acts as a 
specialist and floor broker. 

of Car 
four y 
he ' s n 
aid hi 
to the 


George, 2443 Center St., Northbrook, 
111. 60062 

Our JAN NIDDRIE certainly has 
been flitting since her graduation. 
She spent a year in Oceanside, N.J. 
In 1963 she was married and is now 
Mrs. Howard B. Hecht. She spent 
the next three years with her 
husband in Germany where he was 
serving in the U.S. Army. They 
have now settled in New York City 
and Jan is teaching in the Baldwin 
School of New York City. 

RUDOLPH G. OSWALD has completed 
his M.S. degree in physics at 
Mississippi State University and is 
now busily engaged on studies for 
the Ph.D. at the University of 

see. His 
was "Micr 
bonyl Sul 
ears in t 
er mainte 
ow someth 
list. Th 
m in his 
s this fa 
former P 

he Ai 
ing o 
is tr 

er's thesis 

" Rudy spent 
r Force as a 
officer and 
f a "hardware" 
a in ing will 
ing of physics 
He was married 
L. Salmon in 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. William E. 
Dickson, 1112 Asbury Ave., 2nd 
Floor, Ocean City, N.J. 08226 

employed as a senior engineer 
with Lockleed Electronics Company. 
Prior to assuming this position, 
Rosemary felt she needed a little 
"brushing up" on her electrical 
engineering and attended 
Pennsylvania State University from 
September, 1965 to March, 1967, 
at which time she was awarded a 
Master of Science degree in Elec- 
trical Engineering. 

attorney and has become associated 
with the law firm of Brennan, 
Centner, Palermo and Blauvelt 
in Rochester, N.Y. Tom lives at 
4 Allen Parkway, Rochester, N.Y. 

elected vice president of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Lancaster. 

A recent note in The Bucknell 
Alumnus , concerning Bucknellians 
m Europe, brings the news that 
Mrs. Allen G. Quynn (JEAN M. 
ZIMMERMAN), along with her husband 
and three children, spent this 
year in England where Mr. Quynn 
studied for a master's degree at 
the Institute of Sound and 
Vibration at the University of 
Southampton. The family returned 
to their home in Frederick, Md., 
in July. 

The Reverend RICHARD C. PEEL 
has been named assistant rector 
and director of Christian education 
at St. Peter's Pro-Cathedral in 
Helena, Mont. He is also serving 
as Vicar of the Chapel of the 
Divinity, East Helena, Mont. 


CLASS REPORTER: Miss Carol L. Pope, 
153 East 57th Street, New York, 
N.Y. 10022 

Mrs. John H. Carpenter 
(BARBARA DANIELS) is kept busy these 
days as a public information special- 
ist with the U.S. Army First Recruit- 
ing District at Ft. George G. Meade, 
Md. Her husband, John, is serving 
in the Dental Detachment at Ft. 
Meade until August, 1968. Since 
graduation, Barbara has served as 
an 8th grade history and English 
teacher, an administrative assistant 
at Michigan State University and as 
a public health advisor for the 
Health Education and Welfare Depart- 
ment in Washington, D.C. 

to his name, having graduated from 

Temple University School of 
Dentistry last June. He is now 
serving as a Captain in the Air 
Force for two years as a denist. 

ELENORA MARKUNAS, now the wife 
of Reid R. Heffner, Jr. M.D., has 
recently received a master of Arts 
degree with a major in English from 
Trinity College. She is now a 
teacher of French in North Haven, 
Conn, and with her husband lives 
at 75 North Lake Drive, Hamden, 
Conn. 06517. 

Mrs. Ronald E. Mittelstaedt 
(JANET C. RUGEN) moved from 
Houston, Texas, to the Pittsburgh 
area last March. Her husband is 
a utility salesman with Allis- 
Chalmers and they live, with son 
Edward, at 151 Sherwood Dr., 
McMurray, 15317. 

ALAN S. MEMINGER has been 
re-elected treasurer of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Harrisburg. 

attorney at law with the firm of 
Allen § Allen in Burlington, N.C. 
He and Mrs. Sternberg (ELIZABETH 
LEVITAN '64) have a son, Scott 
Frederick, who was born in October, 

appointed superintendent of schools 
of Massachusetts Supervisory Union 
S18, serving the towns of Northfieli 
Leyden, Warwick and Bernardston. A* 
the time of this writing, Ken was 
expecting to complete work on his 
D.Ed, degree at Boston University 
this summer. 

FRANKLIN M. WOLF received his 
M.D. degree from Hahnemann Medical, 
College in June and is now intern- 
ing at the Kings County Hospital 
in Brooklyn, N.Y. 

(ANDREA L. BECKER) has been electe 
vice president of the Bucknell 
Alumni Club of Southern New Jersey 

JIM MONTEITH has moved to the 
position of account executive with 
the Michener Associates in 
Harrisburg. He is keeping his wif 
ANN KENDALL, hard at work as 
Director of Publications at Lebano: 
Valley College. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Willard 0. 
Raynor, 138B, Apt. 4A, Hamilton 
Manor, Ft. Hamilton, Brooklyn, 
N.Y. 11209 

Now we ar 
we became the 
of a large ba 
Edward (Ched) 
was discharge 
receiving the 
Medal for his 
adjutant . 

We were s 
month and a h 
and Lennie LI 
Matthew and J 
Jim is static 
Army Terminal 
are living at 
Hamilton, Bro 

STEVE and 
currently liv 
Steve is with 
and Paper out 

three. On May 16 
very proud parents 
by boy, Charles 
. On July 13, Bill 
d from the Army after 
Army Commendation 
work as the post 

omewhat upstaged a 
alf earlier by JIM 
TTS who had twin boys 
effrey, on March 30. 
ned at Brooklyn 
The four Litts' 

Bldg. 136C, 4F, Ft. 
oklyn 9, N.Y. 

Marti WHITESIDE are 
ing in Rye, N.Y. 

West Virginia Pulp 

of New York City. 



I ran into DICK PACE '66 at 
Ft. Hamilton while he was on leave 
between the language school and an 
assignment in South America. Dick 
is a "Green Beret" MP. 

BILL DUNHAM is serving as a 
general's aide at Fort Monmouth. 
He and LYNN (STRUGGLES) are visit- 
ing at 35 Melrose Terrace, Long 
Branch, N.J. 

SHARON WARNE has been teaching 
English at Boyertown Jr. High 
School for the past two years. 
She and BOB KIDD '63 were married 
on August 5. They plan to live 
in West Chester . 

'63 and their young son, Andy are 
spending 2 years with the Army 
at Ft. Sill (3823 Columbia, 
Lawton, Okla.). Jeff graduated 
from Rutgers Law School in June 
1966 and passed the New Jersey 
bar exam. Uncle Sam beckoned 
in November. Teddy has maintained 
her interest in geography, her 
major at Rutgers graduate school, 
with a correspondence course in 
computer mapping offered by 

RODGERS are living in their own 
home, complete with swimming pool, 
in Brentwood, L.I. Don is with 
Xerox's Sales Division and Bobbi 
has completed her third year of 
teaching elementary school . 

JUDY (GARRAMBONE) Cuddihy has 
retired from her position as a 
science editor for Encyclopedia 
Americana to become a mama. 

After receiving her master's 
in education from the University 
of Wisconsin, IRENE BULLINGER 
stayed on in Madison to assume 
her presnet position as a guidance 
counselor in an elementary school. 

DI (DELONGE) French is with 
Presidential Life in Newark. She 
and husband, James, reside at 
32A Calfax Manor, Roselle Park, 
N.J. They are skiing enthusiasts 
and spent 3 weeks on the slopes of 

My old "roommie", JUDY FRICK 
took the "big step" on June 3, 
when she married Bruce Connor. 
The Connors are residing at Apt. 
B7, 252 E. Crestwood Dr., Camp 

JIM JOHNSTON is teaching at 
Spring Garden Institute in 
Philadelphia after graduating 
from Wharton. 

I BOB MORTON received his 
MBA in finance from Wharton in 
May 1966. In September, he 
received his Army commission in 
the Medical Services Corps. Bob 
was the club officer for the 
Officer's Club at the Tobyhanna 
Army Depot. He is due in Viet 
Mam by August 2 5 . 

Since October, 1966, GLENN 
5USSINGER has been with Humble 
Oil in Baltimore. 

MATT MCCLOSKEY is serving 
vith the Navy's "Junk Fleet" in 
South Viet Nam. 

CAROL SOMMERS Janssen (as 
>f March 22, 1967) and her hus- 
)and, Wally, are leading an 
,;xciting life. Both are with 
TWA; Carol's an airline hostess. 

They are planning a delayed 
honeymoon to Hawaii and the Pacific 
Islands in November. Wally flies 
private planes as a hobby and has 
been teaching Carol to fly. They 
are presently at 435 West End 
Ave., Elizabeth, N.J. 

Another Kennedy International 
Airport employee is MAIJA (LIDACES) 
Racevskis who teaches French to 
Pan Am pilots. She and her hus- 
band, Carl, who teaches French 
at City College, live at 140-18 
Burden Crescent, Apt. 603, Jamaica, 
Queens, New York City. 

ROBERT E. REINER has become a 
project engineer employed by the 
Department of the Army in Arizona. 
Selected as an outstanding young 
man for the 1968 edition of 
" Outstanding Young Men of America . " 
Bob and his wife, the former 
JANET E. REIDENBAUGH '66 now live 
at 248 Steffen Street N.W. , Sierra 
Vista, Arizona 85635, where Janet 
is a Science teacher in the local 
schools . 

(JANET L. PICK) has been elected 
secretary of the Bucknell Alumni 
Club of Harrisburg. 


CLASS REPORTER: Miss Sara L. Toney, 
Dominion Plaza Apts. No. 510, 1200 
South Court House Rd . , Arlington, 
Va. 22204. 

Congratulations to Mr. and 
DICKINSON) on the birth of their 
daughter, Karen Jean, on May 16, 
1967. The brandes ' have a new 
address: 177 Overmount Ave., 
West Paterson, N.J. 07424. 

LUIS FARRE has been busy: he 
received his degree of "Ingeniero" 
from Universidad Catolica de 
Cordoba (Argentina) while working 
for the School of Engineering 
there. He and his wife, Cristina, 
are the parents of a little girl. 
Nice to hear from Luis! 

Another scholar is NORMAN SCOTT, 
who is working on his Ph.D. in 
psychology at the University of 
Maryland. Last year, though. Norm 
and his wife (SUSAN HUNTER) lived 
in a converted barn in Ambler, 
while Norm got his M.A. at Temple 
and Susie taught ungraded primary 
school . 

I had the pleasant surprise 
of bumping in (literally- - in a 
Washington cafeteria) to GORDY 
HATHEWAY, who is attending law 
school at George Washington 
University while his wife, the 
former BARB STELL, is teaching. 
BONNIE HARRISON, I hear, is also 
halfway through law school, while 
working for the Law Review . 

Another marriage is that of 
May of 1966. They're living in 
fabulous New Orleans (6440 S. 
Claiborne Ave., #518) and week- 
ending in the French Quarter. 
They see Dr. Partridge, former 
Bucknell professor, now teaching 
at Tulane. 

LINDA SILBERG became Mrs. John 
Sorenson this past May. A 

neighbor, BARB JANT, headed out 
to San Francisco to perform 
research work in chemistry for a 
college. Bon voyage, Barls! 
PAT PRIESTER, having received her 
M.A. from Florida State, is now 
employed as a statistician for 
the Census Bureau and I hear that 
LYNN MERKEL is planning a summer 
trip to Europe. 

I got another nice letter 
from SUE BAUER, who recounted 
EARL WILSON'S success. After a 
short stint in the Army, Earl has 
recently appeared at the 
Fontainebleau, the Shore Club, 
the Merv Griffin Show, and several 
others. Earl has also released 
an album I'm looking for called 
"West Digs East." Earl will be 
traveling to Las Vegas, Detroit, 
and the Caribbeanon performances . 
Dave Edwards, a name unfamiliar 
to Bucknellians , is apparently 
doing an all-night record 
show in Texas--it's a stage name 
for Joe Van Riper, who has 
acquired a wife and heir since 
graduation. Sue reports that 
DENNIS SHEER (lucky guy) is plan- 
ning to teach at Radford College 
for Women in Virginia. Another 
teacher is GENE THOMAS, who, 
having returned from Europe, 
is teaching under-privileged 
children in Baltimore. 

I was glad to hear from 
They're living in New Haven, Conn., 
(139 York St.), where Rufus is a 
phone company communications 
representative and DAVE '62 is work- 
ing on a MFA at Yale (in drama, 
of course). Dave's plans are to 
become an actor in repertory 
theater. I'm sure he's well 
qualified for it, as Bucknell 
audiences of Cap and Dagger pro- 
ductions can testify. 

A Bucknellian far from home is 
Lt. BUCK EWING, who, as he wrote, 
was freezing to death while 
bivouacing in Germany. He seems 
to have some free time to travel 
around the country and drink 
lager beer, though. Buck will be 
in Europe for the sumiiier, so 
anyone who plans to travel there 
can write him c/o 78th Engr . Bn. 
APO, N.Y. 09164. Vigates, Buck! 

SUE SPAVEN is now Mrs. Robert 
Johnson. Sue and Bob were students 
at the University of Michigan where 
Sue received her M.A. and Bob was 
working on his Ph.D. The Johnsons 
have enrolled for Peace Corps 
training this summer, prior to 
becoming university instructors 
in Turkey. Best of luck! 

JEFFREY H. BOSS received his 
MBA from New York University and 
is now a marketing trainee in the 
Petrochemicals Department of the 
Continental Oil Co. He and Sharon 
live at 1 Liberty St., Apt. K-20, 
Little Ferry, N.J. 

MICHAEL D. NACK is attending 
New York University Graduate School 
of Business Administration working 
for an MBA in marketing. His wife, 
the former Linda Duman, teaches at 
the Floral Park Memorial High School. 
Their address is 88-05 171st St., 
Jamaica, New York City. 



KAREN D. HORNER has bee 
elected secretary of the Bu 
Alumni Club of Washington, 

Did you know that one-t 
of the staff of the America 
Consulate General in Curaca 
Bucknell graduates? Yep, b 
ANNE SIDENER are on the sta 

Fly Pan American Airway 
be served by JEANNE HURTER. 
has been a stewardess since 
November, 1966, and is now 
to the Caribbean and South 

JULIUS BRADES is employ 
American Cyanamid Company w 
sales territory around the 
itan New York area. Since 
regional office is located 
Linden, N.J., he has had an 
tunity to work on an MBA de 
at Fairleigh Dickinson Univ 

has been awarded the Army C 
tion Medal for meritorious 
while serving in Korea duri 
period February 1966 to Mar 

SCHIER '66 were married on 
and are living at the Washi 
Garden Apts . , 133 Lee St 
Roger is an English instruc 
Robert Morris Junior Colleg 
Emilie is teaching high sch 
French and Spanish. 

appointed marketing analyst 
Calgon Corporation's Consum 
Products Division. He and 
the former Barbara L. Richa 
live at 68 West Steuben St. 
Pittsburgh, 15205. 



ff . 
s and 



ed by 

ith the 

metropol - 



ersity . 
I, Jr. 
ng the 
ch 1967. 
June 17 
Carnegie . 
tor at 
e and 

s been 


his wife, 1963 







nsi - 



Olson, Jr., 550 Center St., Garden 1964 

Court Apts., Nutley, N.J. 07110. 

JAY F. LIVZIEY, who earned his 
master's degree with our class, has 
been named supervisor of elementary 
education for the Williamsport Area 
School District. In his new 
assignment, he will serve as 
coordinator of adaptive physical 
education for all grades in work 
that will involve physically under- 
developed handicapped children. 
He formerly served the Danville 
School District as health and 
physical education teacher, foot- 
ball coach, and assistant to the 
junior high school principal. 

DONALD P. ROSKOS received a 
MBA degree from Lehigh University 
in June. 

Two classmates, ROBERT N. 
NYLEN and PETER W. WALLACE, have 196 5 
received commissions as Army 
second lieutenants after graduat- 
ing in June from the Infantry 
Officer Candidate School at 
Ft. Benning, Ga. 

Editors Note: We omitted by mistake 
the name of the second class reporter 
for the Class of 1924. Please accept 
our apologies and note this name for 
correspondence : 

Mrs. C. E. Anderson 

[Florence Martz) 

6336 Rimpau Boulevard, South 

Los Angeles, Calif. 90043 


Chanlotte. Tayloi Goidon to 
Ntvln E. Vanleli, Ma/icfi 29, 

Peggy L. Veaidoidi to 
Philip L., June 7, 

Peggi^ M. Hazornd to A. U. 

Jonathan. 1)1. F-incki to L. EdiMcildi , June 
24, 1967. 

Joan L. Htnuij to Hafiold G. 
Kindy, June 3, 1967. 
Ralph. E. ritedrnfL, Jfi. to 
Joyce. A. A/ikuiitght, May 13, 

Ste.phe.n F. Bee/ii to Ellen 
Vtmanut, June JO, 1967. 
Balbana L, Handle, to John S., iiay 24, 1967. 
UatLtln H. kdami, to Eve B. 
Ellli, 6, /966. 
kitnld B. Roihui to Ueiill 
B. Halett, Oatoben 22, 1966. 
Olga P. Tolgemon to Vanlel 
J. Uahon, May 27, 1967. 
Gnaee Ann H. Klnkpatnlek to 
Flank. Agoitlno , Apnll 29, 

Vllglnla A. Pond to Rlchald 
E. Reed, Aptill 29, 1967. 
Joan C. Stennbeng to C. 
Michael Tholnbulg . 
K. Gall Vandenbeek to 
Benna/id F. Iilhlte, Jn.. , 
Aplll 22, 1967. 
Gall A. Cella to Joaquin V. 
lamblano , Apnll i, 1967. 
Janet R. Cupp to Gafiy F. 
(kmp, June 24, 1967. 
Genald Lee Hall to Nancy F. 
Abel, tAay 20, 1967. 
I. Jane Hanaen to Kenny 
R. Monnlion, Manch 27, 1967. 
Je(,(,ney 8. Fleming to 
Connye V. Bloien, June 24, 

Phyllli A. Honlne to 
Clanence A. Cantion, Vecem- 
ben 10, 1966. 

Lynn E. Kalbenen to Rlchand 
L. Voviall, Vecemben 30, 1966. 
Betty L. Mantln to Ronald A. 
Stelnbachen, June !7, 1967. 
Judith Petetion to Jamei 
Kolwlcz . 

Stephen J. Ponten to Uancy 
J. Hannli , June 24, /967. 
Bonnie A. Ramen to Lanny E. 

Robent E. Relnen to Janet E. 
Reldenbaugh '66. 
Canl E. Rogge to Suian S. 
Uyem, June 17, 1967. 
Canol A. Sommem to lilalten 
W. Janaen, Uanch 22, 1967. 
Rogen B. Glllan to Emllle A. 
Schlen '66, June 17, 1967. 
Uanganet N. Hlghley to 
Vavld T. Hughei, June 3, 

Laoitence Kanton, Jn. to 
Judith C. Roie, June IJ, 

Michael V. Hack to Linda 
Vuman, Aaguit 2S, 1966. 
Joan C. Petach to Rlchand F. 
Randlei, June, 1967. 
Gany J. Seaie to Sandna A. 
Amlgone, July 1, 1967. 
Theodone 8. Shelton to 
Judith Manlna, July 5, /967. 

, in to 
May 27, 

Galaty to 
Lamke '67, July 

1965 - Many Loulie S.iemlnikl to 

Paul R. Andemon, June 
17, 1967. 

1966 - Manganet E. Cochnan to Lt. 

Gannet C. Mlllen, June /7, 

- Robent K. Vahlitnom, Jn. 
to H. Many Stnal '67, 
June 17, 1967. 

- Locku)ood III. Fogg 
Shanon J. Smith, 
1967 . 

- Rlchand R 
Vebonah M 
9, ;967. 

- Hank L. Gennlch to Alllion 
E. Fonbei '67, June 24, 

- Jenny A Hantzell to Vlane 
M. Loch, Hovemben 16, 1966 

- 2nd Lt. Vouglaa R. Hemphill 
to Bevenly J. Llngle '67. 

- Elizabeth A. Meyem to 
Thomai S. Hyde, June 17, 196- 

- 2nd Lt. Jamei R. Omibeng to 
Suian W. Fleming '67, 
Manch IS, /967. 

- Thomai K. Run ell to 
Sxzanne E. Wnay, May 20, 

- John V. Sholl to Elizabeth 
S. Ueany, '67, June 17, 

- Linda Lou Snyden to Vincent 
J. Olnlght, July 1, 1967. 

- Rlchand 8. Todhunten to 
Helen V. Hazei '67, June 

10, 19 67. 

- W. Lee l)lellen, Jn. to Many 
Lou Potten, June 17, /967. 

- Elizabeth T. Voung to T. 
itlayne Lee, June IS, 1966. 

1967 - mllllam V. Black to Kanen 

J. Lang '67, June 17, 7967. 

- Mancla H. Bnlce to Canl 1)1. 
Voyle, June 9, 1967. 

- Ediaand V. Capell, in, to 
Kathleen M. lola. 

- Donald A. Connelly to 
Jeanne A. Kuntz '6S, May, 

- Rlchand A. Cnane to Ann 
Spanki Vauli, June 24, 

- Glenn R. Vanki to Vlane M. 
Leuili, Jane 10, 1967. 

- Jamei 1)1. Eanl to Eileen M. 
Oakley, June 10, 1967. 

- Iilayne F. Gneen to Suianne 

J. Spunn, June 24, 1967. 

- Dlllllam F. Haandt to Jill 
Bnokaw, June 17, /967. 

- Robent ill. Haai to Anne L. 
Thomai . 

- Nancy S. Hamilton to Geonge 
T. Blailui, June, 1967. 

- Nancy K. Helilen to Jamei ; 
W. Bnlght, June 17, 1967. 

- Jo^epd M. Menlckello to 
Canol Makala, June 10, 
1967 . 

- Manganet L. Menmone to 
Thomai A. Penella, June 17, 

- Fnedenlck V. Cbllgado to 
Canol A. Stephem , June 
n, 1967. 

- William N. Ogden to Venna 
M. Albention '67, June 3, 

- Rlchand A. Schnoeden to 
Linda A. Jaggand, June 24, 
1967 . 





Itlalktu) a 
JuKie / I , 

1967 - Jam B. Sfioemafeei to Roy 
fUlmmo.'L, Jane 14, 1967. 

- Robt/it C. Spe.miy to 
Elizabtth A. Hillzti, Jane. 
14, 1967. 

- Joanm Stiade. to Jame<s I. 
Klttmdgt, May 17, 1967. 

1969 - Suzanne M. Zoda to M.Lchae.1 
A. Cofien, Januaiy li , 1967. 


'956 - To Un. and Uli . A/itkal J. 
J Ande^ien IVtboKak A. lilhttn) 
I a ion, Timothy Chappzt, on 
I OecemfaeA. 31 , ? 966. 
|l957 - To Ma., and Urn,. Staait F. 
'! Cain, a ion, Stuait Aithni, 

Apull 3, 1967. 
I95S - To Reu . and Uii . 
Ke.nyon {Aadliy J. 
ion, Elic Jaimi, 
1967 . 
!959 - To V/i. and Hti . Geotge B. 

Fal-iei IMaly L. Gfioaman '61] 
a ion, Chulitophe.K ?, 
Apnll 9, /967. 

- To Reu. and Uli . Vavtd A. 
Lu-tz, a ion, Tkomai Uatthtul, 
June. 17, /967. 

1960 - To M>i. and M/ii . Ronald H. 

Kalitu (Ellin L. Hodapp] , a 
dau.ghte.1, Ve.boiah Lee, July 
S, 1967. 

- To Hfi. and lili . Haloid C. 
Ktlihau), Jn. [Batbala A. 
Potti '63) a daughttn, Kna{,t, May 7, 1967. 

- To Ml. and M>ii . Anthony T. 
Sullivan lMa>ijOile E. Kahn] , 
a ion, Vavld Th/iall, on 
Janaaiy 5, 1967. 

1961 - To Mn. and M/ii . Rlthaid E. 

Cannialt, a daughttn, 
Chfilitlne., Hay 17, !967. 

- To M*. and Hli . Jamti V. 

fttand, a daaghttK, Thtldia 
Ann, Manck 24, 1967. 

1962 - To M/i. and Ml.4 . Geoige V., II, a dau.ghte.1, Ann 
Elizabeth, Mandh 7, 1967. 

- To Mn. and Mm. Kink A. 
foalke., a ion, Kllk Anthony, 
Jn. on May 2, )967. 

- To M^t. and M/ti . Cha/ilti 
Raline.n [Joan F. Lacai ) , a 
daughttn, Elltn Elizabeth, 
Oatobtn 30, 1966. 

1963 - To Mn. and Mm. Ronald L. 

I Balltn, a daughttn, Kathlttn 

- To M/i. and MA.i . Ricfia^d K. 
Cnan^ond ISandna Adami '63), 
a daughttn, Kathnyn Vlant, 
Manah 19, /967. 

- To Mn. and Mii . Jamei E. 
Copp (Jeanne E. Comon '62) 
a ion, AndntuJ Tnancli, June 
13, 1967. 

- To Mn. and Mli . Mlckatl G. 
Squlnti, a ion, Ktlly 
Mlthatl, June 11, 1967. 

1964 - To Un. and M^i . Hanvty B. 

Smith [Ann K. Clank), a ion 
Enlc. Clank, Apnll 1, 1967. 
1966 - To Mn. and M^4 . Ronald C. 
Scal^t, twilm , Adam Ralph 
and Amy Kathlttn, Manth 13, 


li99 - M^4 . Joitph S. Rtltz {Anna 

Half,ptnny] [Muilt] , 

Vtctmbtn 15, 1966. 
1900 - Hanny C. Slmom, Manch 3, 

1967 . 
19 01 - M/ti. William E. Sandtl [Ada 

B. Kllntl (Initltutt) , 

May 19, ;967. 

- Ma4 . Chnlitophtn Mathtuiion 
[Jtantttt Stoughton] , 

May 29, 1967. 
190i - Mm. Sadlt W. Sltginltd, 

[Sadlt I. ^olvtnton] [Muilc] 
Manth 12, 1967. 

- Jamti Taggant {no datt] 
190S - William E. ? anion, Sn., 

May 19, !967. 
/909 - Vaul B. Gnlmlngtn, Januany 
10, 1967. 

- Ma.^ . Andntu) Johnion {Eunltt 
V. Hall), Apnll 1, 1967. 

1910 - Eanl H. Bowman, Apnll 2 9 


1911 - Mli . Jamei V. Lta [Jtnnlt 

H. fox]. May 12, ;967. 

- Jofin I/. Ltlghou, May (967. 

- Fntd W. Small, May 3, (967. 
19)3 - Vn. John V. HI. Tttttn, May 

7, 1967. 
/9!4 - 01. Stanley Rtltz, June 24, 

1967 . 
1915 - Reu. F'ted H. fahnlngtn, Sn. 

May 16, 1967. 
19/6 - Mli. William Black 

{Chanlottt I. Iiltlllve.n) , 

Hovtmbtn 4, 19 66. 
1917 - Clinton I. Spnout, May 1, 

191t - Jamti S. Mathtm , Manth 2i, 


- Mli . Thomai M. May 
{Mangatnltt M. Ryan), 
Vtctmbtn 19, 1966. 

- Alltn S. Rtddlng, V.V.S., 
Apnll 9, 1967. 

1919 - Lloyd L. Ganntn, Manch 30, 


- Eme^ion V. Vtck, Ttbnuany 
27, 1967. 

1920 - Mangutnltt I. Qulglty , 

July 14, 1967. 
/922 - Edwin F. Ahntm , Ttbnuany 
12, /967. 

- Chtittn H. Vtnck, Uanch 13, 

- C. Emony Vlddtndadtn [no 
datt] . 

!923 - Robtnt Vonaldion, May 13, 
1967 . 

- Donald J. Gtmtmtn, June 
S, 1967. 

- Mli . Jamti A. Vaynt (Saia 
J. Bunkt] Muilc, Manch 2J, 

/924 - G. Rlckand Bowtn, Stpttmbtn 

24, 1964. 
1925 - Edgan H. Butltn, Novtmbtn 

10, 1967. 

- William Chnlitlan, M.V. 
[no datt] 

- Emtmon 

;926 - Gnact C. 

- Onval J. Hand, May 1, (967. 
1927 - J. Clyde Eooie, Manch 3(, 


- Ml4 . Hugh Gebbant [Manlt A. 
Wtbb) [no datt] 

- Chanlti L. V. Valltny 
[no datt) 

E. Jtnklni, May, 
Coolty, May 6, 


- Vonothy L. Wnlghtnoun, 

Vtctmbtn 11, 1966. 


- lnv.Ln R. Hoth, May 5, 



- Onnln V. V. Boop, Uanch 3, 


- Ollvtn F. M-Llltn, Jn. , M.V. 

Apnll 10, 19 67. 


- Mn. Robtnt L. Gai(,nty 

[no date] 


- William N. Bfl^^to, June 15, 

1967 . 

- William H. Jonti, Stpttmbtn 

22, 1965. 

F. Ltlghton Vtttm, May J7, 


Sheati, May 10, 

Htltztl, June 7, 
Fltmon Jn. Manch 

/937 - B^uce B. 

/93S - Edward W 


- Eanlt B. 
30, 1967 

;940 - Chanlti W. Cathenman, 

Uanch 24, 1965. 
1943 - Vice Admlnal Randall Jacobi 

[Hononany] June 19, 1967. 

- A^fae^i lack, Apnll i, 1967. 
1945 - G. Alain Vltnay, June 24, 

1967 . 
194S - Reu. Howand E. Huddtll, 
Apnll 14, 1967. 

1949 - Vn. Ru(,ui H. Tltzgtnald 

[ Hononany) 

- Calvin S. Sttnt, 1964. 

1950 - Vn. Ollvtn C. Canmlchatl 

[ Hononany) 

- Honman 0. Robention [no 

- Robtnt R. Wllllami, Apnll, 

!952 - Paul P. Cooptn, May 2/, 

/954 - M^i. Paul C. Onmt [Allct 

C. Rhoadi) Stpttmbtn 6, 

1955 - Mli . Jamei E. Vunkln 

[Manllyn A. Cadmui) [no 

1960 - Chanlti Weg/ton, May 31, 


1964 - Rlchand J. Vutko [no datt) 

1965 - lit Lt. Leuili B. Galien 

[Vietnam] June 27, 1967. 

Mrs. Christy Mathewson '01 

Mrs. Jane S. Matliewson '01, 
widow of professional baseball's 
great Christy Mathewson '02, died 
May 29 at the age of 87. 

The daughter of the late Frank 
C. and Julia Montgomery Stoughton, 
she was born in Lewisburg on 
January 9, 1880. She was married 
to Christy on March 5, 1903. He 
preceded her in death on October 7, 
1925, at Saranac Lake, N.Y. Mrs. 
Mathewson returned to Lewisburg 
17 years ago, residing at 129 
Market St. 

Lauded in the nation's press as 
a woman of "warmth and wisdom with 
a gentle spirit," she was always 
actively interested in sports. In 
early May she participated at dedi- 
cation ceremonies for the new Wolfe 
Field, a community Softball park, 
and at a regional sports dinner 
honoring the area's outstanding 
athletes . 

From her bequests, Bucknell 
received $10,000 to add to the 



principal of the Christy Mathewson 
and Jane S. Mathewson scholarship 
fund already established at the 
University. She also made bequests 
to the First Presbyterian Church, 
Lewisburg, of which she was a member, 
and the W. D. Himmelreich Library. 
To Keystone Junior College, Factory- 
ville, where her famous husband was 
born, she bequeathed all photos and 
documents relating to the career of 
Christy Mathewson. 

In addition to her husband, she 
was preceded in death by one son, 
Christy Mathewson Jr. '27, who was 
killed by an explosion in his Texas 
home in 1950. The young Mr. Mathewson 
was a cum laude graduate in electrical 
engineering. His distinguished career 
in aviation was capped in 1945 by an 
award for his training of pilots in 
World War II. 

Among survivors are several genera- 
tions of Bucknellians . These include 
two neices, Grace D. Mathewson '31 
and Anna Hill Campbell '23; and three 
nephews, Alfred G. Stoughton '24, who 
served as Alumni Secretary at Bucknell 
for 12 years (1924-1936), Walter L. 
Hill Jr., Esq. '23, and Dr. John 
Stoughton Cregor Sr. '23. 

Alvin F. Julian ' 23 

One of standout athletes who 
became one of the nation's top basket- 
ball coaches, Alvin F. Julian '23, 
died on July 28 at a nursing home in 
White River Junction, Vt . He was 66 
years old. 

Better known as Doggie--a name he 
acquired while playing football, 
basketball and baseball at Bucknell-- 
Mr. Julian had been Dartmouth's 
basketball coach for the past 17 
years. He suffered a stroke last 
December while coaching Dartmouth in 
the Kodak Classic Tourney in Rochester 

In 1947 Mr. Julian coached the 
Holy Cross College basketball team-- 
a team then without a gymnasium of 
its own--to the National Collegiate 
Athletic Association championship. 

In a coaching career of 40 years 
he served Dartmouth, Holy Cross, 
Muhlenberg, Albright College and the 
Boston Celtics of the National 
Basketball Association. In 1950 he 
tore up a lucrative contract with 
the Boston Celtics to coach at 

His instruction helped develop 
such players as George Kaftan, who 
follwed him into the professional 
game, and Bob Cousy, former star of 
the Boston Celtics who is now coach 
at Boston College. 

Mr. Julian also coached football, 
but basketball was his passion from 
his high school days in his native 
Reading, Pa., where he was allowed to 
work out with the touring Original 

He graduated in 1923 from Bucknell 
University, where he starred in 
football, basketball and baseball. 
He became a professional baseball 
player and was catcher on the Reading 
team in the International League. He 
smashed a finger and switched to foot- 
ball with a Pottsville, Pa., team, 
before entering college coaching. 

Mr. Julian maintained that spirit 
matched with knowledge of fundamentals 
could produce a winning team. New 
wrinkles in football or basketball he 
regarded as "new twists on old basics." 

His lifetime basketball coaching 
record was 386 wins and 342 losses. 
A former president of the National 
Association of Basketball Coaches, he 
was named to the Helms Athletic Foun- 
dation College Basketball Hall of Fame 
in 1963. Last season a new Christmas 
basketball festival at Boston Garden 
was named for him. 

He was the author of "Bread and 
Butter Basketball," a popular text 
on playing and coaching, published 
in 1960 by Prentice-Hall. He was the 
"color commentator" on the 26-station 
network that broadcasts Dartmouth 
football games, and had a Hanover- 
area radio sports show. 

Survivors include his widow, Lee; 
two sons, Alvin Jr. of Reading, and 
Franklin T. of Topsfield, Mass., and 
a daughter, Mrs. Robert Beckwith of 

Clinton I. Sprout '17 

Clinton I. Sprout '17, known as 
Kink to generations of Peddie School 
graduates, passed away suddenly at 
his Hightstown, N.J. home on May 1. 

A summa cum laude graduate of 
Bucknell, he was active in sports, 
dramatics and journalism as an under- 
graduate, serving as editor of the 
Bucknellian and as captain of the 
tennis team. It was at Bucknell, he 
was active in sports, dramatics and 
journalism as an undergraduate, 
serving as editor of the Bucknellian 
and as captain of the tennis team. 
It was at Bucknell that he met his 
wife, E. Louise Hahn '18. 

Following his graduation from 
Bucknell, he entered the U.S. Naval 
Academy, where he was commissioned 
as an ensign and served in the Navy 
during World War I. After his dis- 
charge he taught at his alma mater 
Keystone Academy for two years before 
going to Peddie In January 1921, 
where he taught English for forty- 
one years, retiring in 1961 as head 
of the department. 

"Kink" was also coach of varsity 
basketball for twenty-four years. 
In 1921 at the request of some of 
the students he organized a swimming 
team, which because of the minute 
size of the Peddie pool in the old 
"gym" had to hold all of its inter- 
scholastic meets away from home. The 
first year in the new pool, later 
named by the Board of Corporators 
the CLINTON I. SPROUT POOL, his team 
won the state championship and the 
following year the Eastern Inter- 
scholastic championship. A number 
of his baseball teams won the state 
prep-school championship and others 
the Eastern Private School League 
championship. In 1956 over ninety 
members of his baseball and swimming 
teams and friends gathered at the 
school to pay tribute in a testi- 
monial dinner to their highly esteemed 
coach, while hundreds of letters and 
telegrams came from many who could 
not attend. 

He was active in community affairs 

In Hightstown, 
as member of t 
He belonged to 
Church, where 
deacon. He wa 
Hightstown Cot 
Legion and had 
forty-five yea 
owner and dire 
Lake Clear in 
camp and summe 
by Peddie boys 
a forerunner o 

Besides his 
and Bob, and t 
survived by a 
Picture Rocks. 

having served a term 
he Borough Council. 

the Hightstown Baptist 
he formerly served as a 
s a member of the 
erie Club, the American 

been a Mason for 
rs . He had been a part 
ctor of Camp Kanuka at 
the Adirondacks- -a 
r school attended mostly 

in its earlier years 
f the Peddie Summer 

wife and two sons, John 
wo grandsons, he is 
sister Marjorie of 

Alumni Candidates 

The Alumni Committee on Nomination 
of Trustee will meet on Saturday, 
October 14 to make their final selec- 
tion of candidates. However, Alumni 
may make suggestions to the Committee 
before that date, and are urged to do 
so. Your suggested candidate need 
not be a member of your class to be 
considered. However, every candidate 
must have attended Bucknell University, 
should be able to give consideration 
to the broad problems of University 
policy, and should be willing and able 
to attend at least two board meetings 
each year. 

Nor are you limited to the sugges- 
tion of only a single name. You may 
submit as many names as you deem worth] 
of consideration, but the deadline for 
submission is October 10, 1967. 

Names of Bucknellians may be 
suggested for Alumni Awards and as 
candidates for the Board of Directors 
of the Alumni Association. 

Three categories of awards are 
presented each year: (1) for meritorio' 
achievement in one's chosen field or 
profession; (2) for recognized con- 
tributions and service to fellow men; 
and (3) for outstanding service to 
the University and to the Association. 

Suggestions should be directed to 
John H. Shott, Alumni Secretary, < 
Bucknell University. I 

Alumni Trustee Timetable 

Since trustee nominee election 
time is always closer at hand than one 
imagines, here's the schedule of impor 
tant dates in the selection of your '' 
candidates : 
November 17 - Committee on Nominations 

submits three candidates to the 

president of The General Alumni 

December S - Deadline for approval by 

the board of directors of The 

General Alumni Association; 
January 1 - Announcement of names of 

three candidates in The Bucknell 

Alumnus ; 
February 15 - Petition deadline; 
March 1 - Election announcement in 

Alumnus ; 
April 1 - Ballots in mail; 
May 15 - Deadline for receiving ballot 

in Alumni Office; 
June Commencement - Certification 

to the board of trustees. 











■■-■ " —i^- '^■' 


• i-> " u a a a 

The sun was bright and 
everyone was of good 
cheer for the Hetmion pa- 
rade down "the hill." The 
Golden Anniversary Class 
(1917) set a brisk pace, 
hut the Class of 1932 
paused for a photo. Gay- 
est of the classes was 1942. 
Note those striped blazers! 

\\m \\\vs 


Agenda Item: 

Getting the ■proper hat. 

Class of 1927 htisiness session begins. 

Hold it! Smile! Wait until 1 focus! Got it! 

1947 Class President Tom Qiiigley, left, chats with friends. 

Dr. Jack Wheatcroft '49 autographs ■poems, 
above, following lecture at "Hour with the 
Vacuity." At risjit. Dr. Richard ]. Peterec, 
CAN DEVELOPMENT, answers ques- 
tion of Alumna. 

% "■ 


Above: Dr. Harry Garvin chats with former student. Below: Presi- 
dent Watts, left, talks with Alumni Association officers ]im Pang- 
hum '54 and Drew Mathieson '50. 

Above: Dr. James Gathings meets a former student. Below: Right 
on tiyyte for Reunion is Mr. John "Buck" Shott '22, Alumni Sec- 


Jay P. Mathias '35 was awarded the Buck- 
nell Chair for his loyalty and many con- 
trihutions to the University. At right, 
Eugene Benin '17 accepts Alumni Award 
for distinguished service to education from 
GAA President Dr. Walter Held. Other 
award went to Harold W. Giffen '16 for 
his outstanding career as an engineer, one 
which inchides design of the Garden State 
Parkway, New Jersey. 

Claire W. Carlson '49, newly elected trus- 
tee, congratulates Robert L. Rooke '13. 
Classmates- of Dr. Rooke, a trustee, pre- 
sented portrait of him to University for 
meditation room of Rooke Chapel. New 
directors elected to Alumni Association 
hoard include Kenneth R. Bayless Esq. '42, 
Henry B. Puff '44, Raymond E. Shaw '51, 
and F. Porter Wagner Esq. '47. New offi- 
cers of GAA, in addition to Mr. Ma^hieson, 
include Robert D. Hunter '49, first vice 
president, and James E. Panghurn '54, 
second vice president. 


Above: Outgoing GAA President Walter G. Held, right, congratulates his successor, An- m 
drew W. Mathieson '50. Below: William R. White, left, chairman of board of trustees, 
accepts Class of 1942 gift from President Arthur J. Denney. 

Class of 1967 enters Rooke Chapel for Baccalaureate Service. 

President Waffs, right, chats with Attorney 
Morris Duane, Commencement speaker. 

At left: Samuel H. Wooley '32, a mem- 
ber of the hoard of trustees, accepts 
honorary doctorate from President 
Waffs. His son, Harold, was a member 
of the graduating class. Distinguished 
scholar and recipient of honorary doc- 
torate, at right, is Richard F. Brown '47, 
director of the Kimbell Art Museum, 
Fort Worth, Texas. Other honorary 
degrees were awarded to Dr. John O. 
Mellin, minister of the First Presby- 
terian Church in New York City; Mor- 
ris Duane Esq., head of the legal firm 
of Duane, Morris and Heckscher, Phila- 
delphia; and George ]. Huebner, Jr., 
director of research for Chrysler Corpo- 

By Dr. John S. Wheatcroft '49 


AND yet I must say, that ... I have just cause 
to make a pitiful defence of poore Poetry, which, 
from almost the highest estimation of learning, is 
fallen to be the laughingstocke of children," asserted Sir 
Philip Sidney in 1595. In 1966 the practice of poetry 
as a profession may be characterized as indeed "poore," 
in more ways than Sir Philip intended the epithet. A 
few summers ago I, a teacher of "poore" poetry, was given 
the opportunity to do some ghostwriting as a way of 
avoiding debtors' prison. How vividly I recall the sur- 
prised tone in which an officer high in the administration 
of an American university exclaimed, as he finished read- 
ing my draft of a report that struck me as being a cata- 
logue of statistics relieved by an occasional sentence of 
transition: "Splendid, my boy. I thought you fellows 
over there ('over there' being not France but the Litera- 
ture Building) couldn't write anything except poetry." 
Poetry, to update Sir Philip, is fallen to be the laughing- 
stock of administrators. 



Poet and playwright, Dr. John S. Wheatcroft won 
high critical acclaim last year for his television drama, 
Ofoeli. This poetic rendering of a hoy's search for some- 
thing real and enduring won the Alcoa Playwriting and 
the National Educational Television Awards for 1967 af- 
ter its ■presentation of the NET Playhouse during the 
1966-67 season. His first hook of poetry. Death of a 
Cloivn, appeared in 1964, and a second volume. Prodigal 
Son, n'ill he published in November by Barnes and Yose- 
loff, N. Y. His poems and stories have appeared in Harp- 
er's Bazaar, Ladies' Home journal, Best Articles and 
Stories, and The New York Times. The theme of this 
article ivas first examined in the Class of 1956 Endowed 
Lecture for 1965. 


Dr. John S. Wheatcroft '49 



The reason that poetry these days is looked upon as 
being poor and laughable probably lies outside the uni- 
versity. Although life for the rout of humanity is just 
about as grim as it always has been, we, the privileged 
few, are somewhat more sensitive to the misery most of 
the inhabitants of our planet are destined to endure than 
were our counterparts in previous ages. My administrator- 
benefactor, my reluctant-to-study-poetry freshmen, the 
informed and humanitarian public may well put to me, 
a committed teacher of poetry, some rather telling ques- 
tions. How can you be concerned about the make-believe 
of a poem when our world is overflowing with people 
who are either starving or close to it? Is it not callous 
to trifle with metaphors when billions of human beings 
must live in wretchedness? How does any given poem 
affect all these sufferers? How can you justify spending 
time and effort on any poem that does not move its 
reader directly from slumbering indifference to com- 
passionate action? 

ALL too often those of us who practice poetry re- 
gard such questions as naive. But considered from 
the perspective of the educated and moral world at 
large, these questions are far from being idle. Indeed, 
just such skepticism in the face of the urgencies of our 
time provokes one of the voices of William Carlos Wil- 
' liams' Paterson to command : 

Give uf 

the foem. Give zip the shilly- 
shally of art. 

What can you, what 
can YOU ho-pe to conclude — 
on a heap of dirty linen? 

— you 
a -poet (ridded) from Paradise? 

Sidney, mindful of that charge that has been leveled 
against poetry in all ages by those who hold themselves 
to be realists, warned against men who "have so earth- 

, creeping a mind, that it cannot life it selfe up to looke to 
the sky of Poetry." Yet if we follow Sidney's advice in 
1966 and gaze aloft, we are more likely to glimpse a man- 
made satellite or a space ship than to behold Calliope 
or Erato. After the Bomb and with men about to embark 
for the moon, would not even Sir Philip have to concede 

I that the empyrean these days is scarcely the desmense 
of poetry? And the man who elects the teaching of poetry 
as a profession for life — while his colleagues are splittting 
atoms and fusing nuclei, are probing Venus (not the 
mythological beauty but a real lump of matter in space), 
are struggling to isolate a cancer virus, to control the 
explosion of population, to develop political machinery 
that will keep nations from mutual annihilation, to fath- 
om the human psyche effectively enough to forestall its 
apparent urge for self-destruction — in the face of such 
vast and compelling enterprise on every side, must the 
teacher of poetry not pause and wonder about his sig- 
nificance and his value? Has he any cause to ask why he, 
like poetry, is "poore"? 


LET me try to define somewhat more narrowly my in- 
tention with regard to my title question — a para- 
phrase of an Elizabethan polemical tract written by 
the notorious Martin Marprelate, "Hey, Any Work For 
Cooper?", itself an echo of the cry of barrelmakers trying 
for employment along the streets of London. I imagine the 
unemployed Muse pounding the sidewalks of the modern 
world crying, "Hey, any work for poetry?" And finding 
few takers. Mv purpose in addressing myself to this ques- 
tion is not to presume to undertake what Sidney, Shelley, 
Arnold, Emerson, and Whitman, and in our century 
Eliot, Richards, Tate, and Blackmur have attempted — 
that is, to offer a grand apology for poetry by arguing its 
significant role in the entire process of culture. Despite 
differing approaches and emphases, this line of defenders 
is agreed that poetry is a crucial part of the intellectual 
and moral evolution of man. 

I believe these apologists are right. Yet a glance at 
the position of poetry in the whole complex of modern 
civilization does not seem to bear them out. The ap- 
pearance of a celebrated poet to read a few lines of 
verse at a Presidential inauguration or at "Arts Dav at 
the White House" does not warrant our concluding that 
poets and poetry are very close to the hearts or count very 
heavily in the minds of very many people these days. If 
the classical defenders are correct in linking the poet and 
the development of civilization to this point, it seems a 
wry paradox that in the modern world the mass of men is 
much further from the actual practice of poetry than was 
the body of men in a primitive society where religion, 
politics, economics, and art were a single integrated activi- 
ty. Indeed, a case might be made to show that paralleling 
the development of civilization in the Western world has 
been a shrinking in the role of poetry. The rift between 
the poet and the community at large has become progres- 
sively wider. Today it is a chasm. 

IN order to drive home the point, let me offer a few 
hardheaded questions. Out of the approximately one 

hundred and eighty million people in the United 
States — let us immediately fasten on the lucky few — how 
many read poetry? Not the "little" reviews and poetry 
magazines but the work of such established figures as 
Auden, Spender, Eliot, Thomas, Stevens, Pound, Wil- 
liams, Cummings, and in the new generation Robert 
Lowell, Richard Wilbur, Philip Larkin, Thom Gunn. 
Well, all of those who attend our colleges certainly do 
— they are forced to. I am not being cynical, only looking 
unblinkingly at my own teaching experience, when I 
reply that evgn if we limit our inquiry to the number of 
hits poetry has made in courses where its reading is re- 
quired, the Muse's batting average is substantially below 
Mickey Mantle's — and he had a bad year, you remember. 

To narrow the field a bit: how many of those students 
who concentrate in literature read poetry on their own 
volition, again especially contemporary poetry? Or to 
make the group still more select: how many members 
of the faculties of our colleges read modern poetry? how 
many who teach in the humanities? or, to be positively 


aristocratic, how many whose business in hfe is the 
teaching of Hterature? Ol^ course no statistics are avail- 
able, for no money is involved to justify poll-taking. But 
mv own empiricallv arrived at conviction is that even 
\\'ithin this final highly refined segment of the total 
population, the amount of contemporary poetry read is 
nowhere near sufficient to compensate for the time and 
labor that go into its making, teaching, and study — if the 
standard of evalution is to be raw utilitarianism. And 
since even the most dimly inspired prophet can predict 
that society is going to become more highly complex at 
an accelerating rate with the almost certain result that 
the poet and the mass of humanity are going to find them- 
selves separated not by mere oceans but by interstellar 
distances — how then can we answer the question, "Hey, 
any work for poetry?" 

Perhaps Sidney can reassure us a bit. At the very 
time he was stung into offering his apologia, Christopher 
Marlowe had been dead two years, leaving behind a rich 
legacy of poetry. Ben Jonson and John Donne were 
twenty-three years old, both on the \'erge of poetic great- 
ness. And there was Shakespeare, thirtv-one. To say 
nothing of Spenser, Drayton, Daniel, and Sidney himself 
— all poets of estimable achievement. Disregard for an 
instant the unfavorable Nielsen rating of poetry. The 
catalogue of contemporary poets listed above suggests 
that significant poetry is still emerging from our collec- 
tive psyche. Perhaps what evokes poetry is not necessity 
or utility in their ordinary senses. What then is the work 
for poetry to perform? 

TO be sure, there are many roles for poetry in the 
modern world. I wish to scrutinize one role that 
strikes me as being really vital. My reason for em- 
ploying the microscope is a conviction that the practice of 
poetry in 1966 can best, perhaps can only be justified in 
terms of how poetry operates or functions. Let us consider 
the moving parts of the poem — words. 

That in the development of the human animal into 
whatever he is becoming language is one determining fac- 
tor is a commonplace. But this proposition has some in- 
teresting corollaries. Not only does man evolve but lan- 
guage evolves too; -the relationship between evolving hu- 
manity and evolving language is not constant; and an 
examination of that relationship at any given moment in 
history can tell us much about what we are and where 
we are, perhaps about where we seem to be going, where 
we do and do not want to 20. So before considering the 
way in which language works in that special verbal action 
we call poetry, I should like to glance at some of the 
ways in which language is operating in our culture at 
large. For in contrast to that primitive state in which all 
activity, including the symbolic, is tightly integrated, in 
modern complex society language has multiple purposes 
and uses, it is many things to many people. 

In Book IV of Gulliver's Travels, Swift projects his 
hero, or anti-hero, into what seems to be an ideal society, 
the land of the Houyhnhnms a breed of horses who live 
and talk in perfect accord with rational principles. Gulli- 


ver attempts to explain to the Houvhnhnm who becom( 
his master the language practice of human beings. 

I rememher . . . having occasion to talk of "ly- 
ing" and "false re-presentation," it wms with 
much difficulty that he comprehended what I 
meant, although he had otherwise a most acute 
judgment. For he argued thtis: that the use of 
speech was to make us understand one another, 
and to receive information of facts: now if any 
one "said the thing which was not," these ends 
were defeated; because I cannot properly he said 
to understand him, and I am so far from re- 
ceiving information, that he leaves me worse 
than in ignorance, for I am led to helieve a 
thing BLACK when it is WHITE, and \ 
SHORT when it is LONG. j 

So far from the actualities of human conduct with regai 


to language is the view of the supposedly model Houyhi 
hnm that it is problematic whether Swift intended tl 
rational creature's naivete to be ironic. Even a quic, 
reflection upon the words spilled by the tongues that a 

constantly at work around us forces us to conclude th 

/. Peter Schuerholz '57 is the sculptor of "The Pro-phet," s/zoii 
here in three photo studies hy artist Don Mouhon of the Buc 
nell staff. One of three entries hy Mr. Schuerholz, "The Prophi' 



•nen frequently employ language for something other 
:han the communication of fact or truth, that although 
;)ur dictionaries, grammars, and rhetorics are supposed 
::o constitute a social contract, a sort of British Consti- 
:ution, as to how words mean, often words do not mean 
n act as the contract says they ought. 


wo headlines recently culled from a widely cir- 
culated newspaper make the point comically: 



swift's Houyhnhnm, humanitarian that he is, upon read- 
ng these reports would undoubtedly wish that the good 
:lergyman had not merely crashed into a better condition 
put that he had been demolished into the best; and that 
he gentleman who was deprived of five little digits for 
he sake of goodness would surrender all of his appendag- 
;s in pursuit of excellence. Although such solecisms seem 

to be caused by nothing more than a bit of inattention or 
fatigue or inebriation, or maybe they signify a certain 
amount of language deafness, even faulty vocational guid- 
ance, perhaps they are also symptoms of something deep- 
er: a large-scale, indeed a cultural indifference toward 
words. Or to avoid making a judgment, we might con- 
clude that such slips are evidence of the fact that lan- 
guage in the past couple of centuries seems to have en- 
tered a new stage in its evolution. Whereas primitive man 
was probably a laconic creature, like most animals, using 
sound sparingly and somewhat formally, modern man has 
come down with a severe case of verbalitis, multiplying 
words not because he knows and wishes to convey but 
just for the sheer pleasure of making noise, as a kind of 
descant to the plainsong of his breathing. Listen for the 
incidence in casual conversation of the little refrain "I 
mean," which usually signifies: "though I am talking 
please do not take my words to represent precisely what 
I intend, for I am too lazy to find exact verbal equival- 
ents and therefore I offer these rough approximations." 
Or often "I mean" means "I have no meaning, even to 
myself." And note how, reacting to verbal promiscuity, 
some of the most sensitive and pure among us, our beat- 

fas granted the Exhibition Purchase Award in the 1967 Alumni 
\rt Exhibit. The artist is a teacher of woodworking at St. Ber- 
md's School in New York City. He works in stone hy direct 

jiEPTEMBER 1967 

carving. In addition to a 1966 exhibit of his sculpture at Gallery 
90, he had a one-man show of faintings in March 1967. Peter is 
married to the former Leigh Magee. They have two children. 


niks, conduct their protest by deliberately not communi- 
cating — speaking in undertones, mumbling, using lan- 
guage as did Gogol's Akaky Akakyevich in that mar- 
velous story "The Cloak": "he expressed himself chiefly 
by prepositions, adverbs, and scraps of phrases which had 
no meaning whatever . . . He had a habit of never com- 
pleting his sentences . . . 'This, in fact, is quite . . . But I, 
here, this — Petrovich — a cloak, cloth — here you see, 
everywhere, in different places.' " 

AT THE farthest remove from what we might call 
visceral expressiveness is the language of academe. 
Let us pass over the purely technical language of 
mathematics and the natural sciences, which is a very 
special kind of symbolism, and glance at professional 
social scientists using words supposedly to communicate 
their ideas and insights. We might begin with a proposi- 
tion offered by one eminent writer in the field to the 
effect that "the social scientists who want to be scientific 
believe that we can have scientific description of human 
behavior and trustworthy predictions in the scientific 
sense only as we build adequate taxonomic systems for 
the observable phenomena and symbolic systems for the 
manipulation of abstract entities." One illustration of 
such a "manipulation" is a definition of reading set down 
by a professor of educational psychology in one of our 
foremost universities: 

A processing skill of symbolic reasoning, sus- 
tained hy the interfacilitation of an intricate 
hierarchy of substrata factors that have been 
mobilized as a psychological working system and 
■pressed into service in accordance ivith the pur- 
pose of the reader. 

That after thirty-seven words strung happily together the 
taxonomic-minded professor should clinch his definition 
of "reading" with the word "reader" proves that rhetorical 
climax and scientific precision are in no way incompatible. 
"Do as a concession to my poor wits, Lord Darlington, 
just explain to me what you really mean," pleads the 
Duchess of Berwick in Oscar Wilde's Lady Windermere's 
Fan. "I think I had better not. Duchess," Lord Darlington 
replies. "Nowadays to be intelligible is to be found out." 
Although reluctant to descend from the height of 
my previous example, I feel constrained to take at least 
a swipe en passant at my own colleagues in order to 
manifest some sense of professional fairness. May I ask 
my fellow students of literature how profitable and pleas- 
urable they find the reading of our academic journals, 
the racy idiom of which may be illustrated by this sen- 
tence on Hawthorne's The Marble Faun : "The characters 
reflect the dialectic of the setting, transposing it, however, 
into a purely aesthetic key, though this transformation by 
no means resolves the conflict." I find myself in agreement 
with Tristram Shandy, who argues: 

Above all things in the world, 'this one of the 
silliest . . . to darken your hypothesis by plac- 


ing a number of tall, opake words, one before 
another, in a right line, betwixt your oiun and 
your reader's conception. 

LETTING up on academics, who serve as whipping 
boys much as poetry serves as a laughingstock, con- 
sider language between the extremes of the casual! 
and the scholarly. To have fun playing among the voices 
that sweep along Madison Avenue is easy. Indeed, it 
scarcely requires an essay to point out that to "go," as 
they say, "creative," one really must do something more 
than "Start with Ocean Spray Cranberry Juice" — unless 
one's explicit intention is to paint pink abstractions. Anc 
I am not seriously suggesting that the study of poetry 
can be justified on the grounds that it would prevent or 
expose the confusion of images involved in girding Ajax, 
who after all is a Homeric hero, with a photogenic replica 
of 17th-century ceremonial plate armor and mounting 
him on a white charger with a lance and a shield to prove 
bv dint of arms in the mode of Sir Thomas Malory that 
he is "stronger than dirt." Nor am I suggesting that many 
people are so naive as to believe that when a "high-mind- 
ed sentiment about world peace written with a Parker 
pen in the handwriting of Mr. Ernest Hemingway" ap- 
peared a number of years ago the purpose was exclusive- 
ly to promote international harmony. And yet perhaps the 
television commercial in which Phidias is posthumously 
invoked to lend support to the Ford Motor Company in 
its effort to market Mustangs indicates that democratic 
education is beginning to bear fruit. Thirty years ago 
when Ford was pushing that little 60 horsepower V-S- 
I doubt that either the advertising copy man or the public 
would have known the difference betvi'een Phidias anc 

With regard to the language and symbols of adver- 
tising, however, I should like to point out quite seriously 
that their calculated use within the last three or foui 
generations as a means of manipulating people economi- 
cally is a highly significant cultural development. When 
historians or anthropologists of future epochs look back 
at our century, they may well mark the year 1900 as the 
date of one of those major revolutions in sensibility that 
come along every few hundred years. For what the sym- 
bol-wielding techniques of Madison Avenue show ha; 
happened to us is that we have deliberately and know; 
ingly divorced words from realities. Calculated self-de- 
ception on such a scale ought to give us pause. All that 
is needed for us to divide our minds completely in twc 
is that we lose track of the fact that we are constantlj 
playing scrabble. When we can no longer make contact 
with reality by way of our symbols, then we will indeec 
inhabit a world that is all dream. 

Our method of employing language in the deadl) 
game of diplomacy, as we outsiders can witness it in the 
mass media, makes clear that we are not very far frori 
the Wonderland where Alice found her sense of realit) 
disturbingly distorted because of crossed wires in hei 
symbol-functioning mechanism and the unreal world ol- 



1984 in which language totally manipulates what is no 
longer man. To reflect upon the limbos of these books is 
chilling these days. Perhaps it is being naively idealistic 
to deplore the fact that the late Mr. Adlai Stevenson was 
maneuvered by the government he represented into stand- 
ing before the assembled United Nations to deny, un- 
knowing of the truth, that United States planes were 
bombing Cuba as a softening up for the disastrous Bav 
jf Pigs invasion. Yet maybe it is not cynical to condemn 
:he use of what we euphemistically call a "cover story" 
when Mr. Gary Powers embarrasses us by choosing to 
iive, be captured, and explain — not because our tale is 
liot truth but because it is such a bad lie. Might it just 
pe that the price of self-deceit is that our language wits 
jiave been dulled to bungling? 

CONSIDER another piece of recent history: a meet- 
ing in Washington between President Johnson and 
Prime Minister Wilson for the purpose of shoring 
ip NATO, which, according to Mr. James Reston, "is in 
lisarray today at least pardy because its members are 
ising the same words to convey totally different mean- 
ngs." Sensitive to criticism from Continental members 
ifter the Nassau conference of President Kennedy and 
:Mme Minister Macmillan to the effect that the two 
Anglo-Saxon powers were calling all the turns, Messrs. 
ohnson and Wilson issued a deliberately uninformative 
ommunique. Yet at the same time the two heads of 
tate leaked a story which revealed that indeed significant 
greements and decisions had been made bilaterally. The 
ntire decepdon was carefully explained and commended 
or its ingenuity — and, of course, exposed by the mass 
tiedia in this country. It is as if we have two brains, one 
'if which is official and can take in only communique, not 
he exposure, and thus can rest perfecdy satisfied. "We 
irotect our minds by an elaborate system of abstracdons, 
letaphors and similes from the reality we do not wish 
3 know," writes Aldous Huxley. "We lie to ourselves." 
low accurate a description to the language psychology 
ehind this typical news release: 

Secretary of State Dean Rusk talked oftimisti- 
cally today of the frosfective outcome of the 
war in South Vietnam. "It's a mean and frus- 
trating and difficult struggle, hut we think it 
can he won," Secretary Rusk said . . . His 
statement contrasted with recent reforts of the 
war against the Communists, hut it was con- 
' sistent with the official view that has been ex- 
pressed here in recent days. 

1 the radical contradiction between the reality of the 
'ar and the official verbal report can be seen a self- 
sception so great as to be a sickness in the nadonal mind. 
,s a country we seem to be close to schizophrenia. 

That the way in which men employ language is a 

^flection of their moral or psychological condition is not 

new idea. "For false words are not only evil in them- 

Jves, but they infect the soul with evil," Plato reports 

'.Derates as saying shortly before his execudon. Nor is the 

3PTEMBER 1967 

proposition exclusively western. "If language is not cor- 
rect," reasoned Confucius, 

then what is said is not what is meant; if what 
is said is not what is meant, then what ought to 
he done remains undone; if this remains un- 
done, morals and art will deteriorate . . . -justice 
will go astray . . . the feofle will stand ahout in 
helpless confusion. Hence there can he no arbi- 
trariness in what is said. 

Quite a functional theory of language for 3000 years 
ago! And how grim a prophecy of a condition we might 
easily slip into! Or hold our statements of national policy 
or our adverdsing copy, the writing of freshman essays 
or the prose of academic journals, up against the severe 
ethic of language attributed to Jesus by St. Matthew: 

But I say unto you. That every idle word that 
men shall speak, they shall give account thereof 
in the day of judgment. For hy thy words thou 
shalt he justified, and hy thy words thoii shalt he 


F we add to the several manifestadons I have just been 
illustrating the language of commercial entertain- 
ment, at once cheap and pretentious, nasty and sac- 
charine, we discover a deeply ingrained pattern of verbal 
activity which, sometimes through calculation, some- 
times through neglect, serves to render our feelings syn- 
thetic, to allow us to be manipulated, to divorce us from 
reality, to divide us from ourselves, even to turn us 
against ourselves. The crisis of our dme is a crisis in 

Things are deliriously wild 

they are a noise whose grammar is a groan and 
words smothered out of shape and sense, 

declares Tagore. The reason "Johnny can't read" is not 
that he fails to take in enough words with each eye 
movement or that he has not been taught phonetics early 
enough in life or that he is made to build vocabulary in 
a vacuum. Johnny can't read because words have no con- 
nection with reality for him, because modern communi- 
cations have conditioned him and his teachers not to 
think and feel for themselves, because he and they are 
manipulated, emodonally castrated, figuratively put to 
sleep for life. What a teacher of freshman English in an 
American university finds that he must do even before 
he tries to teach his students to appreciate literature is to 
deindoctrinate, to decondition. He must put them back 
in touch with reality. Here then, is some work for poetry. 
In a poem words act so as to make us experience real- 
ity — intensely. For this precise reason freshmen, and most 
of the rest of us, shy away from reading poetry. Having 
been condidoned to take words as abstractions that pass 
through the brain as easily and quickly and unobtrusively 
and perhaps with the same deadly effect as X-rays, sud- 
denly to feel the substance, the toughness, the sharp 
edges of the words of a poem cutdng into the mind hurts. 
"It is hard to hear a new voice," explains D. H, Lawrence, 


"as it is hard to listen to an unknown language." And 
the voice of a genuine poet is always new and different. 
Its tones pain the ear drums. 

BECAUSE our words have lost significance and in- 
tegrity, we feel our sense of reality slipping away 
from us. At best we are in the situation of Heming- 
way's Frederick Henrv, disillusioned idealist, during the 
retreat from Caporetto: 

1 %vas ahvays embarrassed hy the words sacred, 
glorious, and sacrifice and the ex-pression in 
vain. We had heard them, sometimes standing 
in the rain almost out of earshot, so that only 
the shouted words came through, and had read 
them, on -proclamations that were slapped up 
hy hillposters over other proclamations, noxv 
for a long time, and I had seen nothing sacred, 
and the things that were glorious had no glory 
and the sacrifices were like the stockyards at 
Chicago if nothing was done with the meat ex- 
cept to hiiry it. There were many words that you 
could not stand to hear and finally only the 
names of places had dignity. Certain nuinhers 
were the same way and certain dates and these 
with the names of the places were all you ccndd 
say and have them. m,ean anything. Abstract 
words such as glory, honor, courage, or hallow 
were obscene beside the concrete names of vil- 
lages, the numbers of roads, the names of rivers, 
the numbers of regiments and the dates. 

Numbers of regiments (that is, identity) — the names of 
villages (that is, locus) — dates (that is, specific time): 
these are bedrock reality in a world where words fail to 
correspond to their supposed equivalents in experience. 
To gain a sense of such realitv is surely the frantic intent 
of Gertrude Stein's much maligned, no nonsense line 

A rose is 
a rose is . 

a rose is 

Let us consider a little lyric by Wallace Stevens en- 
titled "Study of Two Pears": 


Opiisculum paedagogum. 
The pears are not viols, 
Nudes or bottles. 
They resemble nothing else. 


They are yellow forms 
Composed of curves 
Bulging toward the base. 
They are touched red. 


They are not flat surfaces 
Having curved outlines. 
They are round 
Tapering toward the top. 


In the way they are modelled 
There are bits of blue. 
A hard dry leaf hangs 
From the stem. 

The yellow glistens. 
It glistens with various yelloivs. 
Citrons, oranges and greens 
Floivering over the skin. 


The shadows of the pears 
Are blobs on the green cloth. 
The pears are not seen 
As the observer %vills. 

This is a poem cf faith, a profession of belief in tl 
existence of realitj' — two pears — once these objects ha^ 
been transformed symbolically by the imagination. On 
when the pears are confronted formally, are studied in 
shape and texture and color, can we win a full sense i 
their identity, can we catch hold of the "pearness" < 
the pears. Here words are not used loosely or arbitraril 
each word is precise and inevitable. Such confrontatioi 
amount to language renewals in that the verbal proce 
in which we engage forces us to touch reality. And co 
stant renewal is necessary, for, as Conrad points ov 
words are "worn thin, defaced bv ages of careless usage 
Given our situation in the modern world, perhaps v 
will have to begin by trying to obtain a sense of tl 
realitv of a couple of pears, then work our way up tot 
sense of ourselves and of our fellow human beings. 

LANGUAGE, in such view, is not merely an insti 
ment useful for dealing with the mechanical, 1 
quantitative, the readily definable. If it is held to 
no more than a tool, like the hammer and its refinemer 
then human history may indeed prove to be no more th 
the extended mechanics of physics, human life to be i) 
more than blind biology and chemistry. Granted that i 
1966 we find it impossible to subscribe to the long chi- 
ished idea that our world and our selves can be trai- 
formed into ideal forms. Granted that we must surrencr 
the fond notion that the poet, as the epigone of the pri(t 
and prophet, can enable us to solicit, propitiate, h- 
monize ourselves with, ultimately metamorphose oursehs 
into, the gods or forces that have generated and contl 
us and our universe — what Mr. I. A. Richards calls "t3 
Magical view." Still and all, the very fact that by meas 
of language we can put to ourselves such speculatioi^, 
can react to them, suggests that human consciousms 
is more than chemistry, human history more than bioloj'. 
To make or to read a poem is itself an order of experien:, 
just as much as eating a radish or shooting off a rock:, 
loving, or pouring hydrochloric acid. It is a distinctiv^y 
human experience. It holds special value for us becaie 
unlike most other human actions its significance is it 



'irbitrary, immediate, short-lived; it does not rapidly lose 
its identity and perish in the remorseless stream of process. 
Rather, the action of the poem retains its unique existence 
md can be performed fresh again and again and again." 
'Art too," writes Rilke, "Is a way of living." 

OW then does the fact that poetry, especially con- 
temporary poetry, is read by only a minute fraction 
of the small proportion of educated human beings 
n the world square with a functional view of the mat- 
er? Again we must consider the way in which poetry 
vorks — this time the means by which poetry produces its 
ffect upon a whole community. Market research, ap- 
:)lied psychology, and computer projections can determine 
ihe yield of one advertising slogan or another with un- 
anny accuracy. And the efficacy of campaign promises, 

I larty platforms, and verbal resolutions of the grave prob- 

■ ;ms of the moment can be ascertained by means of trial 
lalloons, leaks, managed news, polls that employ highly 

" ophisticated techniques of questioning, disclaiming, pro- 
jecting. But there is no way of judging the full role 
.ilayed by words used in that particular action we call a 

': 'oem — their special ordering, their sounds, their rhvthms, 

, leir suggestions and overtones, the realities they evoke 
Lin maintaining the sanity of any given human beino 

; ,r the moral soundness of the soul of a civilization. How 
ffectively poetry does its work eludes the computer. 
;uch a view is not romantic; it is a hard, cold, scientific 
net about language and the human psyche. To profess 

. jich a belief is not to cling to a mystique nor to indulge 

I sentimental consolations. It is rather to acknowledge a 
listorical truth. 

An idea I used to entertain during the troubled years 
: the forties, when all of the arts, indeed life itself, seemed 
. ;i be threatened by the destructive forces then loose in 
;,ie world, was to compel those who were in the position 
i|i negotiate for the great powers to sit down and listen 
ligether to Beethoven's Quartet in B-Flat Major. I felt 
>nfident that, if nothing else, that passage in the Fifth 
lovement over which Beethoven scored the word hek- 
.;mmt (anguished) would awaken sufficient compassion 
,| effect an expeditious peace. Unfortunately the idea is 
nciful. I am not suggesting that the one whose finger is 
)ised above the button at the awful instant will check 
,|> movement because Cummings' "my father moved 
rough dooms of love," once encountered in an under- 
aduate literature course, suddenly resurrects itself in 
;S brain. The hope is rather that poetry in its oblique 
ji^y will keep the finger from ever hovering above the 
. jitton, will permit us to disassemble all of the buttons. 
fen though it is doubtful that those who shape our po- 
|ical destinies most directly will ever have Rilke's Duino 
; jegies inscribed in their minds and vibrating along their 
Tves, such a possibility must always be open to them, 
ad some assistant of something who is in touch with 
me adviser of someone who is in touch with some under- 
, icretary of what-have-you who is in touch with some 

II secretary who is in touch with a president or a 

tPTEMBER 1967 

premier — perhaps poetry will have worked its subtle but 
powerful way upon him. By means of such electricity 
poetry functions. 

LET me try to fit my single point about language into 
the larger picture. In our world the poet makes it 
possible for us to touch reality in that he renews the 
power of words. He enables us to discover some truth 
about ourselves and our situation. Socrates' "Know thy- 
self" is indeed fine advice, but, as Plato has Aristophanes 
explain in his comic myth in The Symposium, we are all 
divided men with more than one self. And our Humpty- 
Dumpty world is in pieces. By means of language the 
poet provides us with images that permit us to hold all 
of our various selves and all of the fragments of our 
broken world together, at least now and again. And these 
renewals in the moment of the poem are like baptisms 
in a common pool where we share experience with others 
despite differences of place, nation, culture, even time. 
In the shared action of the poem, bathed in reality, we 
feel that we enjoy more in common with others of our 
species than we have differences. By means of poetry we 
may be released into communion, we mav achieve what 
Conrad calls "the solidarity . . . which binds men to 
each other and all mankind to the visible world." That 
communication is desperately called for is a commonplace 
of our urgent time. Perhaps without communication no 
communion that will enable us to deal with suffering, to 
render ourselves fit for survival, is possible. It would seem 
that we must learn to use words first with ourselves so 
that communication when it breaks down can be repaired 
— again and again and again. In so doing we may affect, 
shape, change ourselves, if not into gods, at least into 
human beings. Thus considered language is indeed more 
than a tool. It demands to be treated as somethino of 
value in itself and for itself. We must respect it, pay 
homage to it, court it. If we fail or neglect to do so, even 
its practical immediate value will be lost. Poetry is the 
reverent renewal of language. 

AS for the past and as for what is to come, perhaps 
human destiny is chiefly physics and chemistry and 
biology, or geology, or even astronomy. Perhaps 
Homo sapiens is not a discernible speck in space let alone 
a meaningful form in process. And perhaps suffering is 
without significance, survival beyond our will. Given po- 
etry, at least we will have voiced a cry in the face of such 
immensities, a cry which we have heard ourselves and re- 
sponded to. To do so is surely to be beyond dumb exis- 
tence. As another voice in Williams' Paterson pleads: 

Poet, poet! sing your song, quickly! or not in- 
sects hut pulpy weeds will hlot out your kind. 

Reprinted with the permission of the National Coun- 
cil of Teachers of English and the Author from the 
March 1967 issue of COLLEGE ENGLISH. 


The World of Sports 

Paul Maczuzak 

Dick Kanfn 

Bisons Set to Open Grid Season 

Over the summer Coach Carroll 
Huntress has had time to evaluate 
the Bison football fortunes for 1967, 
and he feels that Bucknell could 
spring some surprises in the Middle 
Atlantic Conference this fall. 

Delaware and Temple appear to 
be the teams to beat. The Blue Hens 
topped the M. A. C. last season with 
an unblemished 6-0 record. The 
Owls, although only 2-2 in 1966, 
have a host of lettermen returning 
and could prove to be very tough. 

Two proven veterans, Dick Kauf- 
mann and Paul Maczuzak, will co- 
captain the squad since captain-elect 
Jim Henn was blocked by academic 
difficulty. Kaufmann, an outstand- 
ing student and an active member 
of the Fellowship of Christian Ath- 
letes, is also co-captain of the wres- 
tling team. Last season, one v\'eek 
before the opening game, Dick was 
switched from fullback to defensive 
end, and was named to the Eastern 
College Athletic Conference team of 
the week for his all-out effort against 
the Bullets. He was a first-team selec- 
tion on the M. A. C. eleven and sec- 
ond team All-Pennsylvania. 

Maczuzak last year won virtually 
every award available. The young of- 


fensive tackle was All-M. A. C, three 
times he was named to the E. C. A. 
C. weekly unit, won first-team hon- 
ors on the E. C. A. C. team of the 
year, was first team All-Pennsylvania 
and named second team Little All- 

"Both Maczuzak and Kaufmann 
have shown fine leadership qualities 
throughout the past season," said 
Huntress. "Both these boys are will- 
ing to sacrifice when it is needed to 
help the squad. We're very fortunate 
to have two young men of their cali- 

Previewing the 1967 team proves 
to be somewhat difficult since several 
plavers have been moved to new po- 
sitions. Bruce Smith, the club's top 
rusher last fall with 697 yards, has 
been moved from tailback to wing- 
back to take advantage of his quick- 
ness and breakaway ability. This All- 
M. A. C. choice is capable of nab- 
bing the football, side-stepping the 
initial defender, and ooing all the 
way. This could cause many defen- 
sive safeties around the league a lot 
of trouble this season. 

Another player changing position 
this season will be Jeff Graham. A 
junior from Darien, Conn., he played 

mostly as a second-string tackle ii 
'66, but seems to have made the trar 
sition to center. 

Joining Graham on the forwan 
wall is Gene Sabo, 220-pound senio 
from Donora. Gene has been an oi 
fensive stalwart for the past two can 
paigns, turning in superb perforrr, 
ances at both guard and tackle. Othe 
offensive linemen include D i c 
Weaver, senior guard from Kam 
and Jack Duff, senior guard froi 
Freeport. At the ends the Bisons wi 
have Bill Rech, junior from Philip 
burg, and Tom Fallon, senior froi 
Baltimore, Md. 

According to Coach Huntress, B 
son fans will be able to watch pe 
haps the finest quarterback in tli 
East, Sam Havrilak. This is the la 
who took over the signal-calling di 
ties midway against Penn at Franl 
lin Field last season and led tl 
Thundering Herd to an upset 28-2 
victory. In five games, the Monesse 
junior hit on 41 of 81 passes for 47 
yards, rushed for 484 more and wi 
the team leader in total offense wil 
845 yards. 

Also stacked in Huntress' Lform 
tion will be tailback Frank Arent 
wicz. When Smith was injured la 
in '66, Arentowicz, a junior from D 
ver, N. J., displayed great balanr 
and agility with his running, finisr 
ing the year with 484 markers, s£,- 
ond best on the squad. Four soph- 
more potential starters are tailbai: 
Dave Vassar (6'-2", 200), wingba.; 
John O'Reilly (5'-ll", 187), Bl 
Bair C6'-l", 185) and quarterba; 
Barry Nazar C6'-l", 180). 

On the defensive eleven, the I- 
sons appear to be in good shape. F- 
turning veterans include Kaufman, 
Lou Gallis, defensive tackle, Ste", 
Zarlinski, defensive tackle, and Rogr 
Jones, converted from fullback to t- 
fensive end. In the defensive ba(- 
field. Huntress has returning Pal 
Tomlin, Tom Pawlina, Ron Mo)C 
and Craig Butler. Jeff Spotz, star- 
out linebacker in spring drills, wl 
join sophomore Dick Cerretani al 
possibly Corky Steinhart. Two sopl- 
mores will be at the defensive ha- 
back slots. Bill Radcliffe C5'-ll, 
170) and Randy Ruger C5'-l(, 


On Dean's List 

Eleven athletes from eight sports 
ichieved the Dean's List at Bucknell 
lUniversitv for the spring 1967 semes- 
:er, including two who had grade- 
5oint averages of 4.0. The Dean's List 
fepresents academic achievement of 
]i 3.2 grade-point average or better. 

The two scholars who achieved the 
lighest average were senior Bob 
Charles, Tyrone, Pa., captain of the 
rack team, and sophomore Ron Bill- 
ngs, Toughkenamon, Pa., track and 
; pasketball. 

The nine other athletes who earned 
listinction in the classroom were 
i eniors Dick Baxter, Poland, Ohio, 
. o-captain of the swimming team; 
' nd Roland Garwood, New Canaan, 
. ;]onn., soccer; junior George Brinser, 
: ilizabethtown. Pa., wrestling; and 
ophomores Frank Arentowicz, Do- 
er, N. J., football and baseball; 
. jeorge Beals, Sea Isle, N. J., track 
■ ind basketball, Sam Havrilak, Mo- 
'; lessen, Pa., football. Bob Simons, 
Vayne, N. J., track, and two golf 
?ttcrmen. Bob Cheek, Pittsburgh, 
'a., and Bob Gray, Harrisburg, Pa. 


ports Information 

, director 


[ I David P. Wohlhueter of Ithaca, 

; fi. Y., has been named director of 

,,, iports information at Bucknell Uni- 

jjersity. For the past two years Wohl- 

l|ueter has been assistant director of 

Ijjlublic information and sports infor- 

|,;;|iiation director at Ithaca College, his 

Ima mater. 

In college he was a varsity letter- 

iian in tennis for three years and 

'as sports and special events direc- 

)r for radio station WICB. After re- 

g his bachelor of science de- 

ree in television and radio in 1960, 

e joined the staff of radio station 

VDOS in Oneonta, N. Y., as sports 

irector and continued in that post 

ntil 1965, except for two years of 

rmy service. In August 1965, he ac- 

epted his present post at Ithaca Col- 

Cge, an institution serving 3,100 stu- 

' pnts on a new $35 million campus. 

1 At Bucknell Wohlheuter will suc- 

"fjeed N. Linn Hendershot, who has 

:,..ecome assistant director of public 

!,,, flations for the Atlanta Falcons of 

' 'le National Football League. 

Coach Robert Shav? 

Name New Coach 

Robert H. Shaw, head football 
coach at Niles McKinley (Ohio) 
High School for two years, has been 
named assistant football coach at 
Bucknell University. He will handle 
the offensive line for head coach 
Carroll Huntress and will also serve 
as assistant professor of physical edu- 

A graduate of Clarion State Col- 
lege, he led Niles McKinley to an 
undefeated season last year and to 
an overall 16-2-2 record, winning 
Coach of the Year honors in the Ma- 
honing Valley last fall. He was also 
selected as head coach for the North 
squad in the all-star game at Can- 
ton in August, but resigned this posi- 
tion because of his assignment at 

The new Bucknell coach served 
as line coach at Brookfield (Ohio) 
High School in 1957 and as line 
coach at Niles McKinley from 1958 
to 1964. During this period the Dra- 
gons posted a 55-5-6 record, were un- 
defeated four times, and were twice 
named state champions. 

Shaw, who also earned a master 
of science degree at Westminster Col- 
lege and served three years as a 
Lieutenant in the U. S. Navy, is 
married and the father of two boys 
and two girls. 


Sept. 16 Boston U A-l:30 

Sept. 23 Gettysburg H-l:30 

Sept. 30 Cornell A-2:00 

Oct. 7 Lafayette A-2:00 

Oct. 14 Lehigh CHomecoming) H-2:00 

Oct. 21 Penn A-l:30 

Oct. 28 Rhode Island A-l:30 

Nov. 4 Temple 

(Parents' Weekend) H-2:00 

Nov. 11 Colgate A-l:30 

Nov. 18 Delaw7are H-l:30 


Oct. 6 Lafayette .- A— 3:00 

Oct. 13 Lycoming H-3:00 

Oct. 20 Gettysburg A-3:00 

Oct. 28 Lehigh H-l:30 

Nov. 6-Bloomsburg H-3:00 


Sept. 23 Lafayette H-12:00 

Sept. 30 Elizabethtown H- 2:00 

Oct. 4 Gettysburg A- 3:00 

Oct. 7 Rutgers A- 2:00 

Oct. 14 Colgate 

(Homecoming) H-10:30 

Oct. 18 Penn State H- 3:00 

Oct. 21 West Chester A- 2:00 

Oct. 28 Pittsburgh A- 1:30 

Nov. 1 Lehigh A- 3:00 

Nov. 4 Susquehanna 

(Parents' Weekend) H-12:00 

Nov. 11 Lycoming A- 2:00 

Nov. 17 Delaware H- 3:00 


Sept. 30 Elizabethtown H-2;00 

Oct. 7 Rutgers A-2:00 

Oct. 18 Penn State H-3:00 

Oct. 26 Lock Haven A-3:00 

Nov. 7 Penn State H-3;00 


Sept. 23 Lafayette A-2;00 

Oct. 4 Gettysburg A-3:00 

Oct. 14 Fairleigh - Dickinson & 

Delaware (HC) ,. H-2:45 

Oct. 18 Bloomsburg A-4:00 

Oct. 25 Dickinson H-4:00 

Oct. 31 Juniata A-4:00 

Nov. 11 Susquehanna A— 2:30 


at Temple 


Sept. 23 Lafayette A-2;00 

Oct. 4 Gettysburg A-3:00 

Oct. 14 Delaware H-2:45 

Oct. 18 Bloomsburg A-4:00 

Nov. 17 Middle Atlantics at Temple 

,^PTEMBER 1967 


Mr. George R. Faint, registrar, ended 38 years of service to 
Bucknell in March. 

MiiS MLV'tlm Henderson receives honorary doctorate from President Watt 
She com-pleted 41 years of service in August. 


One member of the Bucknell Uni- 
versity faculty and three members 
of the administrative staff retired 
during the 1966-67 academic year. 
They include Mr. Robert Ewing, 
associate professor of English; Mr. 
George R. Faint '25, registrar; Miss 
Martha Henderson, administrative 
assistant to the dean of the college 
of arts and sciences; and Mrs. Esther 
B. Long '47, director of food ser- 

Mr. Ewing began his teaching ca- 
reer at Bucknell 20 years ago. Re- 
sponsible for journalism courses, he 
was co-author of a text in this field, 
Modern Journalism. Early in his ca- 
reer, he wrote two plavs, "Stray 
Leaves" and "Happiness COD," the 
latter being made into a motion pic- 
ture. He also adapted "Trojan Wo- 
men" (1947) for the stage. 

Mr. Faint's service to Bucknell 
spans a period of 38 years. After re- 
ceiving his B.A. degree in 1925, he 
served as secretary to the dean and 
instructor in English before entering 
Crozier Theological Seminary, where 
he was awarded a bachelor of divini- 
ty degree in 1929. 

Before accepting an assignment as 
registrar and instructor in English at 
Bucknell Junior College in Wilkes- 
Barre in 1933, Mr. Faint was an as- 
sistant in the administration and 
taught English at the University. He 
received his M.A. degree from Buck- 
nell in 1934. In addition to his duties 
at the junior college, now Wilkes 
College, he served as supply pastor 
in several churches in the Wilkes- 
Barre area. He returned to the Lew- 
isburg campus in 1946 and became 
veterans' liaison officer, a position he 
held until 1947 when he was made 
acting registrar. He was appointed 
registrar in December 1948. 

The George R. Faint Prize, estab- 
lished in his honor by colleagues at 
the University, will be awarded for 
the first time at Convocation exercis- 
es. It will go to the student whose 
first three vears at Bucknell shows 
outstanding promise in a major field 
of study. 

Miss Henderson, who received the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Human- 
ities at Commencement, ended 41 
years of service to Bucknell on Aug- 
ust 31. A native of Williamsport, she 

joined the University staff in 19S 
as secretary to Dr. Romeyn H. Riv(- 
burg, then dean of the Universi . 
Since then she has served as admit .- 
trative secretary to the late Dean V\,- 
liam H. Coleman and Dr. Karl He:- 
zell, and as administrative assistanto 
Dr. Mark C. Ebersole and Dean Lea 

Omicron Delta Kappa, honor; y 
leadership society for men, preset- 
ed her, in 1946, a special certifice 
of commendation in recognition if 
her contributions to student life. Se 
has provided counsel for several ca- 
pus groups, serving as an advisy 
member of Mortar Board, honor y 
leadership society for women, and)f 
the advisory board of Pi Beta lii 

Mrs. Long, a native of Sunbic, 
joined the Bucknell staff in 19411s 
assistant dietitian. She became diiE- 
tor of food services in 1950. 

A member of Kappa Delta Sorory, 
she received her M.A. degree fin 
Bucknell in 1949. She also is a m(a- 
ber of the American Associationjf 
University Women and the Ami- 
can Dietectic Association. 



'Former Dean Malcolm Musser, left, and Trustee Rohert Rooke congratulate 
Mrs. Esther Long on award presented hy Bison Cluh. 

Mr. Rohert Ewing, associate professor of English, 
completed 20 years of teaching at Bucknell in June. 

Publications Award 

The Boivdoin Alumnus won top 
lational honors in the Time-Life- 
jports Illustrated competition for out- 
tanding achievement in improve- 
nent of alumni publications. The 
ward was made July 3 at the gen- 
;ral conference of the American 
Wumni Council held in San Fran- 
f ;isco, Calif. 

In addition to The BiickneU Alum- 
lus, publications selected for the na- 
ional competition included alumni 
nagazines from the universities of 
Chicago, Oregon and Utah; from 
itanford University, Hollins College 
nd Abilene Christian College. . 


leactivate Fraternity 

The Bucknell Chapter of the Sig- 
na Alpha Epsilon fraternitv will be 
eactivated in September. The chap- 
er, known as Pennsvlvania Zeta, was 
losed down by the Supreme Council 
'f the fraternity in June, 1966, at 
he request of the University. 

The decision to permit reopening 
f the chapter and its house on St. 
jeorge Street was made following a 
erics of meetings between frater- 
nity and college officials, according 

to John C. Hayward, dean of student 

Fraternity officers, alumni mem- 
bers of the House corporation, and 
undergraduates wishing to resume 
residence in the house will meet 
with Dean Havward and the staff 
of the Dean of Men prior to the 
opening of college (September 13) 
to discuss the guidelines under which 
the house will operate during the 
coming year. 

Notice of the reopening was given 
by Dean Hayward in a letter to the 
president of the Chapter House Cor- 
portion, in which he said, in part, 
"We see the present situation as an 
opportunity for S. A. E. and the Uni- 
versity to work cooperatively in the 
development of practices and pro- 
cedures for building a fraternity 
chapter on the campus which could, 
in two or three years, serve as a 
model for all fraternities at Buck- 

Dean Hayward expressed the hope 
that new cooperative procedures 
would eventuate in a chapter that 
would meet the needs of students for 
a largelv self-governed organization 
and at the same time meet the Uni- 
versity requirements that fraternities 

be acti\'elv concerned with and en- 
eased in the intellectual and cultural 
life of the school, operating in an or- 
derlv, efficient fashion. 

To this end, an assistant to the 
dean of men will be assigned this fall 
to work with all campus fraternities 
in the development of effective pro- 
cedures in such areas as budgeting 
and financial record keeping, pur- 
chasing, maintenance, and planning 
and conducting social and cultural 

Motel Accommodations 

We have prepared a list of the mo- 
tels and hotels, with telephone num- 
bers, within 25 miles of Lewisburg 
and will be glad to send you a copy 
for your use. Just write Alumni Head- 
quarters, Bucknell University, Lewis- 
burg, Pennsvlvania 17837 giving your 
name and address and asking for 
"Hotels and Motels in Lewisburg 


October 14 

Complete Details on page 17 


Published in January, March, Mav, Seotember and Novem- 
ber each year for Alumni and friends of Bucknell University- 
Entered as second-class matter December 30, 1930, at the post 
office at Lewisburo, Pa. 17837. under Act of Auoust 24. 1912. 



W ^ Join Your Friends 



Friday, October 13 

Freshman Football (3:00 P. M.) 
P? Bisons vs. Lycoming College 

Bison Club Round-up (8:00 P. M.) 

Saturday, October 14 

Bison Club Breakfast (8:00 A. M.) 


Varsity Soccer 
Bisons vs. Colgate University ( 10:30 A. M.) 


Varsity Football 
Bisons vs. Lehigh University (2:00 P. M.) 





Dr. Willard Smith — Class of 1956 Lecturer 


Vol. Lin, No. 2 

November, 1967 

Published by Bucknell University 
Lewisburg, Pa. 17837 

Printed for Alumni, parents and friends 

of Bucknell University through the 

cooperation of 

The General Alumni Association 

Andrew W. Mathieson, '50, President 
Robert D. Hunter '49, 

First Vice President 

James E. Pangburn '54, 

Second Vice President 

Donald B. Young '33, Treasurer 
John H. Shott '22, 

Director, Alumni Relations 
Melvyn L. Woodward '53, 

Associate Director, Alumni Relations 

Editor — William B. Weist '50 

the general alumni association 

Kenneth R. Bayless, Esq. '42, Miss Au- 
drey J. Bishop '45, Douglas W. Burt 
'42, Mrs. Jean (Walton) Clemmer '43, 
Mrs. Peggy (Deardorff) Garrett '52, 
H. Keith Eisaman, Esq. '42, Mrs. Rae 
(Schultz) Glover '49, The Rev. Paul 
M. Humphreys '28, Robert D. Hunter 
'49, George N. Jenkins '43, Emil Kor- 
dish '42, Andrew W. Mathieson '50, 
James E. Pangburn '54, Henry B. Puff 
'44, Raymond E. Shaw '51, F. Porter 
Wagner, Esq. '47, Dr. Melvyn Wood- 
ward '53. 

Executive Skills 

Walter Held '43 1 


Robert McGowan '47 5 

How "Codebreakers" Was Written 

David Kahn '51 10 

The Worlds of Bucknellians 15 

Upward Bound 32 

Around Campus 38 

Worid of Sports 44 


Prof. C. WiUard Smith has been 
photographed many times in his more 
than 40 ye^rs on campus, but we liked 
this candid shot the first time around. 
His story is on page 38. 

At right is one of the famous photos 
of the late President John F. Kennedy. 
It's by CBS-TV and was taken for one 
of the early documentaries exploring 
executive skills in the White House. 



The admonition applies to managers as well: they won't 
get "tomorrow's jobs with yesterday's skills" either. 
And without firmer grounding in the emerging puhlicpolicy 

dimensions of their trade, many just won't qualify 


The Repecoire Needs Enlarging 

By Dr. Walter G. Held '43 
Senior Staff Member, The Brookings Institution 

TODAY'S manager — despite his vaunted sophistica- 
tion — is still something akin to a man wearing a 
pair of blinkers. True, he has learned much about 
technology; has picked up some knowledge of the uses 
of the computer; and has even toyed furtively with the 
arcane insights of the decision theorists. Names like 
Fayol, Graicunas, Urwick and Mooney or Dickinson, 
Mayo and Likert are not unknown to him. The first 
group has sharpened his understanding of "chain of 
command," "span of control," and other "principles of 
management," while the second has increased his appre- 
ciation of the interaction of groups of individuals in the 
work situation. Much he knows; but in a very real sense 
he is not on top of his job. For he is, to a considerable 
extent, unaware of how his social, economic, political 
and cultural environment is changing the business of 

Yet if the manager is ignorant of these things, he is 
not entirely to be blamed. The management theory that 
he so generously soaks up reveals a striking penchant 
toward introspection, with relatively little attention to 
the world in which business is challenged to survive and 
grow. For the most part, the executive or managerial job 
has been treated as if the skills needed to do it could be 
grown in greenhouse style and transplanted to the fac- 
tory or executive suite without regard to an effective un- 
derstanding of the surroundings in which they are to 
be exercised. 

This article is reprinted with the permission of the Colum- 
bia Journal of World Business, Graduate School of Business, 
Columbia University (March-April, 1967 issue). 


This is not to deprecate the great value or significant 
contributions of the conventional approaches to manage- 
ment theory. It merely suggests that this theory, being 
essentially empirical, has entered a new phase in its 
development which requires the addition of "outward- 
looking" dimensions. Greater emphasis upon the interac- 
tion of environmental factors with those of function, in- 
dividual, and group is vital. 

Such an emphasis is not easy for either the theorist 
or practitioner, since it involves many subjects and com- 
plex substance. The manager must not only dip his hand 
into sociology and politics — besides the traditional eco- 
nomics — but it must be international politics and the 
cultures of diverse peoples, for these factors, as much as 
domestic considerations, affect the conduct of his business. 

For both corporate management and those concerned 
with the educational preparation and development of 
business executives, all this implies significant redirection 
and change. The technical, administrative and human 
relations skills that have been the hallmarks of executive 
or managerial development now must be supplemented 
by new expertise in the environmental aspects of business 

TO explore the full dimensions of these aspects ob- 
viously is beyond the scope of this article. What 
follows is an effort to delineate some of the political 
and governmental factors that make up the public-policy 
dimensions of the manager's job. This term embodies the 
total interfaces of business and government. Some of 
these are highly visible; others, however, are so deeply 
rooted in a private-enterprise and business-oriented socie- 


tv that considerable sophistication is necessary to identify 
and relate them to the role of business in society. 

Today's executives are often perplexed by the vary- 
ing roles that government has come to plav in the man- 
agement of their businesses. This puzzlement frequently 
leads to frustration and attitudinal problems that are 
many times rooted in ideological beliefs. There is a 
changing relationship — and perhaps balance of power — 
between business and government, and neither his "ex- 
perience" (in a broad psychological sense) nor his educa- 
tion and training have equipped the manager to deal 
effectivelv with this phenomenon. He generally has been 
accustomed to consider go\'ernment an antaoonist of 
the "competitive private enterprise svstem," and his own 
function solelv that of maximizing corporate profits. His 
world has been neatlv packaged into "business" and "gov- 
ernment," each with its respective functions. And where 
these two forces interact, the confrontation often results 
in, at best, a state of "cold war." 

Yet it is no longer possible to view the world as neatly 
compartmentalized. Business policies and actions are too 
intertwined with the fabric of society, national goals, and 
the government's role both nationally and internationally. 
The modern manager's quandary becomes both clear and 
understandable: he must now cope with a new force in 
his world — one that has always seemed foreign to his 
system or values and outside — or so he thought — his 
scope of responsibility. 

The interests of business and government have be- 
come closelv meshed on several fronts. The business 
executive discovers many times that his major problems 
are becoming distinctly less "business" and more "societal" 
in one or another of their aspects. Increasingly, he is dis- 
covering that the societal problems appear governmental 
in nature. Through regulatory agencies, as a purchaser 
of vast quantities of goods and services, by the use of sub- 
sidies, taxes, spending, and other techniques to promote 
certain goals, as a "partner" in solving social problems, 
and as a competitor, government manifests its relationship 
with business in numerous and complex forms. 

Although no major government regulatory bodies 
have been created in recent years, existing ones have in- 
creased their volume of activity. Changes in the status 
of antitrust policies, coupled with ambivalence and un- 
certainty, have led business to become much more con- 
cerned with the activities of the Department of Justice 
and the regulatory bodies. 

IN addition, the scope and action of virtually all agen- 
cies of the Federal government have been magnified 
as social and economic or political problems have be- 
come more clearly identified, and government action or 
intervention judged appropriate. Not that government 
has always been cast in a regulatory or negative role. 
Often, its role has been positive in form, and government 
and business have become partners in the search for 
solutions to national problems. Similarly, government has 
promoted numerous activities of concern to business and 

Former Newsman 

Former Industrii\st 

has been a provider of much information pertinent to its 

Through the Business Advisory Council, the Council 
of Economic Advisors, and numerous government ad- 
visory committees, in which business has been prominent- 
ly represented, government and business have cooperated 
to develop solutions for fiscal and economic policy prob- 
lems and for those in the field of labor-management re- 
lations. In such programs as the War on Poverty, busines; 
has worked with government in attacking training, un- 
employment, and discrimination problems. Likewise 
business has cooperated with government in seeking tc 
increase trade and limit capital outflows to ease the 
balance-of-payments problem. Numerous other example: 
may be cited of business and government joining force; 
to attack problems that involve economic stability anc 
growth, defense, education and other matters of publi( 

The interdependence of business and government ha: 
been increasing over the years. Businessmen are ofter 
reluctant to accept this premise, but it is unlikely tha 
the trend will be reversed to any marked degree, as po 
litical and other events of the last several years have dem 
onstrated. A continued growth of these interrelationships 
as reflected in the job of the Washington representativ( 
of a major corporation, was forecast early in this decadi 
at a Brookings Institution round table. A group of coi 
porate representatives concluded, in part: 

". . . the representative a decade hence will continue 
to discharge broad marketing functions . . . these wil 
be intensified ... In the R&D field particularly there wil 
be a strengthening . . . between the company's and thi 
government's laboratories and staffs . . . 

"It is probable that most large companies will hav 
Washington offices and that many medium-sized or evei 
smaller companies will also have offices . . . The office 
themselves will probably be larger." 

Many business leaders and educators are familia 
with these developments, but they are deeply divided a 
to a proper response. A satisfactory theory of the changin 
roles of business and government has been hard to achiev 
and has centered on a philosophical reconciliation of "vo 
untarism" and "freedom of enterprise" with "governmer 
intervention" or "partnership" in business actions. 


^Pormer Professor 

Former Foundation Head 

MANY leading industrialists in this and other coun- 
tries have sensed the substance and nature of the 
change and have attempted to adapt traditional 
values and manaeement theorv to it. Amono those in the 
U. S. are Thomas J. Watson, Jr., Chairman of I. B. M.; 
Frederick Kappel, Chairman of A. T. & T.; Lammot du- 
Pont Copeland, President of DuPont; Thomas Gates, 
Chairman of the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company; 
David Rockefeller, President of Chase Manhattan Bank; 
and Sol Linowitz, ex-Chairman of Zerox International. A 
number of scholars have also been calling attention to 
the importance of the changed relationships between 
business and government. Sumner Slichter at Harvard, 
Calvin Hoover at Duke, Kenneth Boulding at Michigan, 
Richard Eells at Columbia Business School, and John 
Corson at Princeton have been among those who have 
recognized and commented on the broad managerial 
realities of government and business todav. However, 
those who have been vocal on all sides of the issue have 
varied widely in their advice to business. Some have 
urged it to measure up to its social responsibilities; others 
have denied the existence of any such responsibilities. 

In 1962, Gilbert H. Glee forcefully highlighted the 
substantive character of changing business-government 
relationships in an article entitled "The Appointment 
Book of J. Edward Ellis." The schedule of a fictional 
Mr. Ellis clearly showed that: 

"The logic of events (risht or wrong, avoidable or 
unavoidable) had made the government the greatest 
single influence, and very frequently the dominant in- 
fluence, in many aspects of his business — its growth, its 
policies, its prices and wages, and its profits . . ."' After 

1. Gilbert H. Clee, "The Appointment Book oF J. Edward Ellis," 
Harvard Business Review, November-December, 1962, pp. 85- 

2. Ibid, p. 90. 

i- Horace E. Sheldon, "Businessmen Must Get Into Politics," 
Harvard Business Review, March-April, 1959, p. 38. Fortune 
generally substantiates this view, although it places stress on 
"action and passion" as the basic motivating forces, .and gives 
a minimal role to factors of rationality related to business 
progress. See "Corporations Make Politics Their Business," 
Fortune, December, 1959. 

reflecting on this phenomenon, he sought rationale and 
told his operating committee, somewhat nostalgically: 

"Eor whatever help it may be to you, I want you to 
know that I am convinced the government is going to 

O <D CI 

wield a substantial, and probably an increasing, impact 
on our company during the next few years. I realize 
that many of us wish this were not so. But this wish has 
no realistic relationship to the facts of life in our country 
or to the trends in international affairs. Many of these 
facts or trends we may personally deplore . . ."- 

Ellis need not have concerned himself with the im- 
pact of the Federal government alone, for the growth 
patterns of the state and local levels of government also 
forecast increasing and basic changes in their relation- 
ships with bijsiness. Similarly, his forecast of an impact 
for "the next few years" probably reflected an ideological 
conservatism, which viewed such change as a series of 
terminal events rather than a continuing process. 

WHEREAS recognition of the substantive char- 
acter of changing government-business relation- 
ships seems to ha\'e been of relatix'ch' recent ori- 
gin, and for the most part concentrated in this decade, 
business leaders and educators have for approximately fif- 
teen years exhibited an increasing awareness of the en- 
hanced importance of government in society. Generally, 
interest was directed at those facets of government activi- 
t\' u'hich had the most overt or direct effect upon particu- 
lar business actions, or at the election process in general. 
These eff'orts appear sporadic, hesitating and uncertain. 
Nevertheless, beginning in the early 1950's, there were 
numerous stirrings among segments of the business com- 

The e.xact stimulus for this arousal is difficult to iden- 
tify. For one thing, business had become conscious of 
the political power of labor and believed itself adversely 
afFected by its use. Other more positive motivations un- 
doubtedly existed as business began to develop an "action" 
role which would require greater in\'olvemcnt in politi- 
cal and governmental matters. 

Horace Sheldon, commenting on this in 1959, said: 

". . . it would be wrong to cast the new business-in- 
politics movement as simply the counterpart of union po- 
litical action . . . 

"Architects of many of the business political programs 
in fact take a larger \'iew. They see participation in 
political aff'airs by businessmen as something intrinsically 
desirable and necessary, quite apart from the union aspect 
. . . The tax, spending, tariff, procurement, antitrust, 
and foreign aid policies of government, all have a direct 
bearing on business. In reality, of course, the business- 
man's stake in government is coextensive with govern- 
ment itself . . ."^ 

THE historical development of the busincss-in-p')litics 
mo\ement in the relatively recent past is difficult 
to document with precision. During the early 1950's, 
isolated cases involving indi\'idual company programs 


were reported in the journals, and the General Electric 
Company was a leader in these efforts. In 1955, the Effec- 
tive Citizens Organization, a corporate-sponsored, non- 
profit organization, was set up to stimulate more active 
political participation by businessmen, and apparently 
did much pioneering work. In 1957, the local Manufac- 
turers Association in Syracuse developed and conducted 
a successful "practical politics" program which included 
a "Political Primer for Management," other educational 
materials and a series of seminars. Subsequently, the Na- 
tional Association of Manufacturers and the United 
States Chamber of Commerce brought out action courses 
in practical politics. 

All of these combined to create an awareness among 
businessmen of a new and developing mix in the rela- 
tionships between business and government. Fortune 
Magazine reported in 1959: 

"The 'practical politics' seminar is certainly not very 
weiohtv in intellectual content, but it has pulled thou- 
sands of young businessmen into the picture, created an 
enormous amount of publicity and talk, and given the 
whole business-in-politics movement an exciting grass-fire 
effect . . ."^ 

However, the emphasis of these efforts was and re- 
mains upon "citizenship action," or how to become an 
intelligent participant in the "party of one's choice." 
Most such efforts include some educational content, but 
the stress is upon methods and techniques for encourag- 
ino and equipping employees to "participate effectively 
in the selection, nomination and election of the best 
qualified people to office — local, state and national. "= 
Customarily, little attention is given the substance of 
public policy processes and problems, or the underlying 


A ■political scientist, research syecialist and educator, 
Dr. Walter G. Held '43 has served since I960 as a mem- 
ber of the senior staff and director of business -programs 
in the Advanced Study Program of The Brookings Insti- 
tution, Wasliington, D. C. He received his M.A. and 
Ph.D. degrees from American U^iiversity and served on 
the facidties of that institution and of Bucknell. Current- 
ly, he is serving on the faculty of George Washington 
University as a professorial lecturer, and he is a frequent 
lecturer at executive development programs conducted 
by private industry and government. Before joining the 
Brookings staff, he served as director of the Government 
Operations and Expenditures Program of the U. S. 
Chamber of Commerce. His prior experience includes 
service as supervisory auditor and manageinent arialyst, 
Office of the Chief of Ordnance, U. S. Army; and deputy 
comptroller and special assistant to the Commanding 
General and Chief of Staff at Aberdeen Proving Ground, 
where he won a -meritorious service award for improving 
management and efficiency. During World War II, he 
served as a line officer on a Navy attack transport. He is 
married to the former Eleanor Parry '42, and they are the 
parents of three children. 

educational disciplines necessary to deal effectively with 

The success of these efforts has been mixed. But from 
the standpoint of developing a more adequate theory of 
management, they ha\e been especially useful. Growing 
executive awareness of government and its changing 
impact on business has helped create a climate in which 
business executives are encouraged to recognize and un- 
derstand the "public policy aspect" of their jobs. 

But these efforts are just a beginning. Much has to 
be done before businessmen can begin to tackle the broad- 
ening dimensions of their jobs. What changes are neces- 
sary in the educational preparation or development of the 
business executive? 

FIRST, management theory must be reconciled with 
the world of reality in which modern business man- 
agement must operate. It must turn outward. When 
one looks "outwardly" for , necessary managerial skills a \ 
number of conceptual areas may be identified as requir- 
ing attention. Political and governmental factors are not 
only recognizable but are already an integral part of the 
managerial matrix. Just as with other elements of man- 
aoement, the public-policy dimensions may vary in im- ^ 
portance bv management level, time, the size, location, 
nature of the company, and other factors, but it exists and i 
managers require appropriate skills if they are to achieve i| 
optimum performances. i; 

Research is needed to define more precisely the nature n 
of these skills and the proficiency required in them. The - 
disciplines of political science and political economy must ' , 
be made more meaningful and relevant to effective busi- : ; 
ness manaoement in a modern, changing world. 

Secondly, greater and more imaginative effort in edu- 
cational preparation and development is needed to equip 
managers with the necessary new skills. Obviously every 
manager need not be a political scientist or political 
economist, but as a minimum he must be given an ade- 
quate exposure and be "sensitized" to the importance of 
public policy, the processes by which it is made, and the 
factors that are relevant to public policy issues and their 
impact on business. 

Further, he must be schooled in the various value] 
systems involved in such matters, and the ways in which 
business can constructively deal with them. Reason and 
enlightened pragnatism, a philosophical approach that 
he normally applies to other aspects of business decisions, 
must replace the ideological moti\'ation that so often 
guides his reactions to public policy matters. Traditional 
attitudes toward government and societal problems re- 
quire constant reevaluation in terms of the general pub- 
lic interest, since the usefulness of business action is 
often directly proportional to its breadth of viewpoint. 

The education of business executives has been a sub- 
ject of continuing concern since the critical reports of 

Continued on Page 43 

4. Fortune, op. cit., p. 101. 

5. U. S. Chamber of Commerce, "How to Organize a Public 
Affairs Program in Your Business," Washinoton, D. C, 1964 


Robert C. McGowan '47 in computer center of CbO-B^O System. 


An Expanding Role In Management 

By Robert C. McGowan '47 
Vice President, Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company 

THE railroad industry is in the midst of an informa- 
tion explosion. More than a decade has passed since 
the C&O installed the first large-scale computer 
system in operation on America's railroads. And if the 
marriage of computers and communications in our in- 
dustry has not yet been consummated, the courtship is 
well along. Practically all the larger carriers have made 
substantial investments in computers and communications 
equipment and have major programs underway aimed at 
development of so-called "total" management informa- 
tion and control systems. 

Using C&O-B&O as an illustration, we now have ten 
large-scale computers in operation. This data processing 
complex is in turn fed by a 65,000-mile private Teletype 


network blanketing the entire system as well as off-line 
sales offices. In many respects, computer-oriented infor- 
mation systems are rapidlv becoming the lifeblood of the 
management process. 

In the combination of modern computers and com- 
munications facilities, railroads have opened the door 
to a vast potential for improvements to the transportation 
system, increases in efficiencies, and lowering of costs. 
Despite the substantial progress that has been made, 
however, railroads have only begun to sample the bene- 
fits that exist. More innovation and creative thinking, 
more effort in developing, selling, and implementing nevy 
concepts vyill be required if we are to capitalize on this 
new technology. 


The areas of communications and signaling are one 
of the most important ke\'s to open the door to tomorrow's 
railroad. How do we go about using this key? There are 
in my opinion, six questions that may help to put the job 
that must be done into better perspective. 

First, how deeply are the technical experts in the 
field of communications and signalino involved in the 
systems planning activities going on in their respective 

The words "systems planning" are used quite delib- 
erately because communications and signaling facilities 
must be viewed as integral parts of the systems — whether 
thev be information, operating, or control systems — that 
are vital to the proper functioning of the company. In 
order to contribute to systems planning activities, com- 
munications and signaling officers must have a broad 
view of overall company operations — they must know 
what the users of communications and signaling systems 
have in the way of requirements and problems, not only 
as they exist today but as they are likely to exist in the 

To do the job requires considerable fact-finding with- 
in their companies and systems analysis. They should be a 
powerful force from within to encourage the linking to- 
gether of diverse activities. Frequently the systems ap- 
proach can best be undertaken by the communications 
men because only they have an appreciation of existing 
or potential capabilities to integrate. They are in a posi- 
tion to see many opportunities for systems integration 
even before the operating department, for example; and 
they should not hesitate to make constructive proposals. 
Furthermore, the technical and economic feasibility of 
their communications and sionalino systems can and 
should have a major impact on the over-all planning going 
on within the company. 

Question t\vo: How knowledgeable are the commu- 
nications and signaling technical experts about develop- 
ments in other areas of railroading, which today or some- 
time in the future will have an impact on communica- 
tions and sisnalino? 

IF they don't now have a pretty good working knowl- 
edge of computers, they are already behind the times. 
They should be familiar not only with this generation 
of computers, but also should have some insight into the 
direction of development of future generations. The time- 
sharing capabilities of computers alone will bring about 
closer coordination and integration of process control, 
communications switching and data systems functions. 
They should also know about the many different ts'pes 
of accident prevention devices — hot box detectors, drag- 
ging equipment detectors, high water detectors, etc. — 
and how they fit into their company's system planning. 
They should be current on ACI developments: motion 
scales, yard automation, traffic control systems, new data 
input and output devices, radio. And despite the goals of 
automation, they cannot ignore development relating to 
human engineering aspects — people will continue to play 
a major role in railroad systems. 

To do the kind of a "systems planning" job mentioned 
earlier, a good insight into these developments is vital. 
The experts are literally in the position of having to "run 
fast to stand still" with the pace of new developments 
inside and outside of our industry. 

The third question deals with the general subject of 
quality and reliability, and whether we have adequately 
appraised the more stringent requirements that will be 
superimposed on our communications and signaling sys- 
tems by the more heavily automated-railroad of tomorrow. 

Fail-safe signaling has been a byword in the industry 
for decades. With more extensive automation, fail-safe 
communication becomes equally important. We will need 
much greater reliability in instrumentation and sensory 
devices. With automation we will need much more in 
the way of detailed, accurate, and timely information 
about such things as roadway condition, weather, train 
operation, and other conditions; and we will want it as 
nearly continuous as economically feasible. CTC and 
automated hump yard experience indicate the direction 
of development toward higher quality and more reliable 
communications and signaling systems. However, with 
more extensive automation these requirements will be- 
come much more stringent. The provision of reliability 
may take the form of component redesign or redundancy 
in the system. 

Even in the area of data systems, the need for greater 
accuracy and reliability will become more critical as 
these systems become an integral part of the management 
process on the railroad. "Mean time to failure" will be- 
come a more important measure than "percent availabil- 
ity." Have we done an adequate job of appraising prob- 
able future requirements from the standpoint of their 
impact on what we are doing and thinking about today? 

Fourth is the problem of integration — systems inte- 

PRESENT day systems and those on the drawing 
boards will rely heavily on communications. For 

most of today's communications needs, full-period 
dedicated Teletype or voice channels represent an eco- 
nomical solution to the problem. However, with new sys- 
tems we will require an increasing number of input-out- 
put locations at many widely scattered locations on our 
railroads. Volumes from each location may be relatively 
low. If we are to minimize communication cost, assioriing 
full period channels to these scattered pickup and delivery 
points will be out of the question. A logical solution will 
he to use, on a shared basis, our existing and proposed 
telephone networks. Some railroads have very complete 
Direct Distance Dial systems. These, with their automatic 
switching capabilities, offer an opportunity to use touch 
tone or similar devices as data terminals on a dial-up, i 
shared usage basis. 

There is also an important need to integrate the van-' 
ous separately-operated signaling systems in existence to- 
day. The tying together of individual CTC systems is an 
obvious example. But there is also a need to integrate 


This map shows the C&O-B&O System which utilizes RCA 3301 computers to perform message switching for a 65,000 mile communica- 
tions network. This system is fully integrated with an on-line, real-time computer system that monitors the movement of the 150,000 
freight cars on C(srO-BBrO, and provides information for sales and operating ^nanagement. 

the separate signaling systems on low-density lines into 
the larger systems. 

At present there are reasonably clear lines of demar- 
cation between signaling and communications systems. 
They overlap to a degree, but in general they retain their 
individual identity. In the future, with increasingly auto- 
mated operations, the unique skills of each of these fields 
must be combined to produce the control systems to fill 
our needs. Many studies already point to the desirability 
of tying the future signaling system intimately to a 
communications network. 

Part of the system will be on board the train, part 
will be track side, part will be at a central control point. 
An automated railroad that requires intelligent commands 
to be transmitted to hundreds of locations, controlled by 
computer-type logic and requiring at least the degree 
of reliability and safety of present day signals, is an ex- 
ample of what I mean. Integration of skills will inevitably 
lead to the further integration of the signaling and com- 
munications organizations on railroads. 


how good a job have we done within the in- 

dustry in translating the results of systems-planning ef- 
forts into requirements and specifications for suppliers — to 
encourage them and make it possible for them to orient 

their research activities toward the solution of our prob- 

DEVELOPMENT of concepts and related hardware 
flowing from space and military programs make 
possible some dramatic improvements in our com- 
munications and signaling systems. We are fortunate in 
having equipment manufacturers and suppliers who have 
the skills and resources to help us in adapting these new 
developments to the solution of our problem. However, 
in many respects, a supplier's willingness to engage in 
research aimed at solving specific problems for us is 
heavily influenced by his appraisal of how good a job we 
have done in defining the basic need. We must shift 


emphasis away from specifying hardware and do a better 
job of defining performance requirements if we are to 
provide suppliers with the flexibility needed for innova- 

The technical experts in these areas have the respon- 
sibility to encourage, and to the extent necessary, insist, 
that suppliers make every effort to incorporate this new 
technology in the equipment we purchase. In effect they 


must be prepared to contribute heavily to the suppliers' 
market research activities. Again, we can only expect 
suppliers to perform in response to the requirements as 
defined bv the industry. 

The last question deals with industrv-wide pooling 
of communications facilities. 

I will be the first to admit that I don't know whether 
it's a good idea or not — or what areas it is good in and to 
what extent it is feasible. I do know that the airlines 
seem to benefit from ARINC. And we are aware that 
certain railroads have found voluntary pooling arrange- 
ments for segments of their communications systems to 
be desirable. Also, the industry has been approached from 
the outside with proposals to do the job for us — SUR- 

But have we within the industry made a serious evalu- 
ation of the potential benefits from whole or partial pool- 
ing of communications facilities? The AAR Data Center 
currently being considered within the industry will prob- 
ably not fill this need, since it will be heavily oriented 
toward data processing. Primarily, we need such an 
evaluation because this mav represent a major opportunity 
for the industry to make a significant improvement. 
However, of almost equal importance is the need for 
the industry to react intelligendy to such proposals origi- 

nating outside the industry. And while we're at it, we 
should not pass off too casually as "blue sky" the possible 
use of a nationwide communications network based on 
current communications satellite developments. 

THESE are the six questions which indicate the job 
to be done. With a few word changes these same 
questions undoubtedly could be put to officers rep- 
resenting other functional areas of railroading — to the 
data systems people, to the transportation people, or to 
others. This is because it is of equal importance in each 
of these areas that we stress the need for a systems orien- 
tation and for greater emphasis on systems planning. 

As we move toward the automated railroad of to- 
morrow, the water-tight compartments that characterize 
the individual departments on railroads today must dis- 
appear. The perspective of people must change and, in 
fact, the structure of the organization must be drastically 
modified. The communications and signaling field — ^by 
the very nature of its function — should be among thej 
leaders of this change. 

This article first appeared in the May 1967 issue of Mod-I 
em Railroading. It is reprinted by permission of the pubhsher. 


Mr. Rohert C. McGowan '47 is vice ■president — flan- 
ning of the affiliated Chesapeake and Ohio-Baltimore 
and Ohio Railway Cotnpanies. He has previously held 
positions as assistant vice president — finance of the B&O 
and comptroller of the C&rO. Before joining C&O, he 
was ivith the General Electric Company as manager — 
budget systems. In World War U, he served as a com- 
munications officer on a destroyer escort in the Pacific 
area. Boh was the first chairman of the newly created 
Data Systems Division of the Association of American 
Railroads, and is a member of the executive committee 
of the Raihvay Systems and Management Association. 
He received his B.S. degree in commerce and finance. 
Bob's brother, Edivard ]., Jr., is a member of the Class 
of 1944 and his son, Pxobert C, Jr., is now a junior at 
Bucknell. He is married to the former Jean Carlson, and 
the family residence is in Towson, Md. 

! V, ■ ' 


^ .. ■ 

- - _ 



CTL.:! • 

h- ■ — 





Blazing New Trails 

Dayna Brewer '69 worked this 
summer at an unusual occupation for 
a woman. Her story was told by Ruth 
Heimbuecher in a feature article for 
the Sunday, August 13 edition of the 
Pittsburgh Press. 

A junior this year, Dayna is major- 
ing in engineering. She plans to be a 
civil engineer and to specialize in 
urban planning or sanitation. 

But, this summer, she got creosote 
on her hands and clothes, dust in her 
face and kidding from her co-workers 
— all males. The first woman in the 
history of the Waynesburg Southern 
Railroad — a subsidiary of the Penn- 
sylvania — to work out in the field, 
Dayna was emploved as a junior en- 
gineer. A new, 35-mile stretch of 
track was laid from Wavnesburg, Pa. 
— Dayna's hometown — to West Vir- 
ginia. Dayna's duties included seeing 
that specifications for laying the track 
were followed. 

However, on-the-job training is 
not new to Dayna. In the summer of 
1966, she worked in desion for the 
Pennsylvania Department of High- 
ways, finding that experience quite 
helpful in her studies. When an offi- 
cial for the Pennsylvania Railroad 
visited Bucknell to interview prospec- 
tive employes among the seniors, 
Dayna applied for summer work and 
got it. She didn't know at the time 
that the Pennsylvania was building 
the Waynesburg Southern right 
through her home town. 

What kind of a job did she do? 
Fred D. Day, chief engineer on the 
project, told Ruth Heimbuecher: 
"She's poino to be a good engineer. 
She's a real conscientious girl — got 
her nose sunburned, her hair 
bleached, her hands creosoted work- 
ing on the ties and never complained 

Dayna's also the member of a mi- 
nority — she's the only woman in civil 
engineering at Bucknell. She told 
Miss Heimbuecher that she thinks 
she'll see the day when women engi- 
neers won't be freaks. "But it'll be 
a long, long time," she said. 

Meantime, she helps build rail- 
roads and to blaze new trails for wo- 

Photo: Pittsburgh Press 


By David Kahn '5 1 

PEOPLE always ask, How did you become interested 
in cryptology? and How did you come to write so 

big a book? 

It began when I was thirteen. I read a book on codes 
and ciphers and was hooked. I became an amateur cryp- 
tologist, making up ciphers, breaking them down, joining 
the American Cryptogram Association, writing articles, 
collecting books. Then, in 1960, when two Americans 
from the U. S. codemaking and codebreaking agency 
defected to Russia, I did an article on the importance 
of cryptology for The TSeiv York Times Magazine. Next 
morning, when I got to work at ISIexvsday, three publish- 1 
ers had called to ask me to do a book. It was one of the" 
greatest days in my life. I finally signed with Macmillan. 

The book started out as a manual on how to solveL 
simple ciphers, with a historical introduction. But the! 
effects of cryptology on the affairs of men proved so 
interesting and so unknown — it had never been studied 



After graduatiitg in 1951 from Bucknell (where he 
xvas a Sammy, editor of THE BUCKNELLIAN, sports 
editor of L' AGENDA, and a member of six honorary 
fraternities), Dave worked at a variety of jobs for a few 
years until he went to work in 1955 as a general assign- 
ment reforter for NEWSDAY, the Long Island daily 
that is today the seventh largest afternoon pa-per in the 
United States. He stayed with them for seven years, 
covering murders, fires, courtrooin dramas, developments 
in science, civic fights, the United Nations — and ghosts. 
The latter gave him his biggest story, that of "The House 
of Flying Objects," which attracted nationwide attention 
and was put on television. It involved the apparently non- 
human moving and breaking of objects in an ordinary 
home in Seaford, Long Island. Neither the police nor 
Dave ever discovered the force that displaced the ob- 
jects, and the case remains a mystery to this day. 

He quit NEWSDAY early in 1963 to devote fidl 
time to THE CODEBREAKERS. He thought it woidd 
take six months. It took two years and six months. (For- 
tunately, he had some money saved.) When it was nearly 
done, he did what he had always \vanted to do and went 
to France to live. There, after finishing the book, he got 
a job on the HERALD TRIBUNE. He stayed in Paris 
for two years, half the time in a pension de famille and 
half in an apartment at 45, boulevard Saint-Germain — 
and he loved it. Just before the hook came out, he came 

Photo of David Kahn by Chance de Widstedt, Paris 




before — that I soon found I was on page 200 of the type- 
script of that historical chapter and not yet out of the 
1600's! I decided at first to spht the history into several 
chapters. Then a little later I changed the plan of the 
book to a chronological one, with the methods of solution 
coming in at the proper point in the development of the 
science. The book grew and grew because so much of 
the material was new, because crvptology had played a 
role of high importance in World War II, and, more 
basically, because cryptology involves communication, the 
activity that makes man a social animal and so impinges 
upon innumerable facets of his behavior. The book took 
about two years part time and two and a half full time to 

Much of the intellectual exploration that gives writing 
a book its excitement takes place in libraries. Most of 
mine took place in the New York Public Library — and I 
often think that without a large library like that, in which 
one can find the obscure journals that are referred to in 
footnotes and that contain valuable information, no major 
work of research can succeed. But runnino down the facts 









also takes legwork. I interviewed cryptologists or relatives 
of cryptologists in half a dozen countries under greatly 
varying conditions. 

I SPOKE to General Luigi Sacco in his large apartment 
in Rome as the setting sun burnished the Tiber to a 

liquid gold. Dr. Hans Rohrbach greeted me in his 
apartment in Mainz, where we sipped Rhine wine from 
long-stemmed glasses as he reminisced about his work as a 
World War II cryptanalvst for the German Foreign 
Office. In his house perched on a cliff outside Stockholm, 
Carl-Otto Segerdahl told some funny stories about solving 
German codes as all the while his six-year-old blonde 
daughter dashed in and out of the living room and 
perched on his lap. The interview with General Gesare 
Ame, World War II head of Italian military intelligence, 
took place under pressure: my date was in a hurry. 
Charles Eyraud met me in his office in Paris and related 
war stories in machinegun French while almost asphyxiat- 
ing me with those evil-smelling French cigarettes. 

The interview with Rudolf Schauffler, one of the 
chiefs of the German Foreign Office crvptanalytic service, 
was the most depressing one I had. Elderly, not old, 
but broken by sickness and the ersatz food of the war 
years, he shuffled around his chilly apartment, barely 
able to put a pot of water on for tea. As rain dripped 
slowly from the gray sky, he ended our talk by saving, 
"A bridge builder can see what he has done for his 
countrymen, but we (German 7 codebreakers) cannot 
tell whether our life was worth anything." Intimations of 
mortality! But as I drove back to Stuttgart from his little 
Black Forest village of Urach, the rain stopped, the sun 
came out, lighting up the hills and a distant vallev, and 
I felt as if I had come back from the realm of the dead to 
the world of the living. 

Most of the interviews took place in the homes of the 
ex-cryptanalysts. They were ordinary houses, but to me 
they seemed something special. Thus I was faintly sur- 
prised when I pulled up to the simple brick home at 2300 
Peggy Drive in Silver Spring, Maryland, and found that 
it looked no different from the others on its block, that 
it gave off no supernatural glow, that no news photog- 
raphers were clustering around. For inside lived retired 
Navy Captain Wesley A. Wright, a principal architect 
of the Japanese code solution that enabled the United 
States to turn the tide of war at Midway, and I had half 
expected that the structure itself would be literally radi- 
ating the glamour of housing a man who had helped 
shape the course of history! 

In addition to the face-to-face intervievi's, I asked 
questions by mail. Usually a letter of a page or two would 
come back — though some never answered at all — but in a 
few cases the generosity of my informants astonished me. 
A retired admiral wTOte seven single-spaced pages, giving 
a colorful picture of World War I U. S. Navy crypto- 
graphy. In Japan, a city editor and a professor of an- 
thropology sent essays of about 20 pages each, providing 
me with nearly all of my information of the Imperial 




When BOMB Is 6214 

"Stud poker," Herbert O. Yardlev once re- 
marked, "is not a very difficult game after you see 
your opponent's hole card." In the game Yardley 
played, he consistently looked at his opponent's 
hand. He dealt in codes. It was 1920 when, as a 
State Department cryptologist, he first broke the 
Japanese diplomatic cipher at his secret headquar- 
ters in a New York City brownstone nicknamed 
the "Black Chamber." Yardley's early feat was the 
beginning of a crvptanalvtic capability that enabled 
the U. S. by 1940 to construct the "PURPLE ma- 
chine," a device that actually duplicated the Japa- 
nese encoders. PURPLE worked so well that State 
Department officials were soon reading dispatches 
even before code clerks at the Japanese Embassy 
deciphered their own messages. The same capability 
enabled the U. S. to shatter the Japanese fleet off 
Midway Island in 1942 and to pinpoint and sink 
scores of German U-boats operating in the North 
Adantic toward the end of the war. 

How well Yardley and others have played the 
game of crvptology is documented in a new book, 
The Codehreakers (1,164 pages, Macmillan. 
$14.95), by David Kahn, a 37-year-old amateur 
crvptologist. "Code breaking is the most important 
form of secret intelligence in the world today," 
writes Kahn. "It has been estimated that cryptanaly- 
sis saved a year of war in the Pacific, yet the his- 
tories give it but passing mention." 

OBBM: The first known cryptogram, Kahn 
notes, was hammered into the rock tomb of an 
Egyptian nobleman nearly 4,000 years ago. The 
science developed slowly but, by the ninth century 
A.D., Arab grammarians had evolved complex 
cipher alphabets, which they later used to conceal 
their tax revenues. During the Renaissance, Vene- 
tian doges supported cryptography schools. But it 
was not until this century that cryptology assumed 
worldwide significance. In 1917, British cipher ex- 
perts broke a telegram that German Foreign Minis- 
ter Arthur Zimmermann wired to his ambassador 
in the U. S. for relay to the German legation in 
Mexico City. Decoded, the telegram proposed an 
alliance between Germany and Mexico against the 
United States. If some congressmen at first suspect- 
ed the cable was an Allied hoax to draw American 
support, they quickly gave way to an aroused public 
when the cable proved genuine. In a month America 
was at war. 

Aside from providing a chronolog}' of the dark 
science, Kahn offers laymen a short lesson in cryp- 

Japanese Navy's cryptanalvtic effort. (They each get a 
free copy of the book!) 

A NON-FICTION writer's progress mosdy consists 
of following references from one source to another. 
But sometimes there is a burst of excitement as fate 
unexpectedly leads him down a byway to a totally unsus- 
pected treasure. 

One time, I was heading down to Washington to do 
some research, and I stopped off at a cocktail party in 
New York. I hadn't really wanted to go, because I was 
in a hurry, but an old girlfriend was giving it and she had 
insisted. I chatted for a while with her current boyfriend, 
and it came out that I was doing research for a book on 
codes and ciphers. Surprised, he told me that, while a 
lawyer in the Defense Department, he had handled a 
case in the Court of Claims involving a cipher machine 
inventor named Hebern. He also mentioned that he had 
used the Patent Office files on an interference between a 
Hebern patent and one from I. B. M. When I got to 
Washington, I looked up the documents, which were un- 
known even to professional cryptologists — and came out 
with the fascinating untold story of the man who devised 
what is today the world's mqst widely used system of 

In another case, I was skimming through a number of 
The American Historical Revieiv in the Great Neck Li- 
brary — that being a lot easier than actually sitting down 
to write. I came across a review of a book published in 
English but in Denmark, The Myth of Egyyt and Its 
Hieroglyphs in European Tradition. It sounded as if it 
might be \'aluable for my section on the decipherment 
of hieroglyphs, and I looked it up when I was next in 
the New York Public Library. Sure enough, it enabled 
me to recount the numerous failures that preceded Cham- 
pollion's solution, these being as much a part of the 
story as the final success and giving my account more 
suspense and more depth than it would otherwise have 
had. But, more important, the book helped me throw 
light on the problem of why people associate cryptology 
with black magic. For, in tracing European attitudes to 
hieroglyphs through the centuries, the book revealed to 
me the existence of a mystical philosophy based on the 
works attributed to Hermes Trismesgistus, a legendary 
Egyptian priest. I discovered that this Hermetic doctrine, 
a kind of Christian kabbalah, had helped stain cryptology 
with the taint of occultism that still persists. Thus a lucky 
find while browsing added a new dimension to the history 
of crvptolog}'. 

Then there was the time I saw, in the National Ar- 
chives in Washington, their mimeographed guides to 
German records captured in World War II and being 
microfilmed. I picked up a set— v\'ho knew what they 
might have? — and in one of them I found the letter of 
the" German postal minister to Heinrich Himmler report- 
ing that the German post office had succeeded in solving 
the transadantic radiotelephone scrambler often used by 
Roosevelt and Churchill! 



INCIDENTS of this kind are more than merely enter- 
tainino. Thev teach a lesson — and the lessons learned 
mav often be as valuable to the writer as the material 
itself. These particular cases illustrate how important it 
is to extend one's research beyond the narrow range of 
the immediate subject. 

Sometimes, as in these cases, this merely brings out 
new material. But the main advantage is in providing a 
perspective of the whole. I remember how, in writing 
about some political telegrams that played an important 
role in American elections in 1876, 1878, and 1880, I 
oot the ans^\■er to "What does it all mean?" only when I 
departed from the articles describing the cipher solutions 
and looked instead into the politician's biographies. 

Another lesson I learned in writing the book was 
something that now seems obvious but was not when I 
began: to ask at the source that knov\'s. For example, a 
scholarly article on Arab encyclopedias that I happened 
on mentioned how one of them covered a great variety 
of subjects. The article said nothing about cryptology. 
But on the chance that the author might have run across 
it somewhere in his researches, I wrote him. Back by 
return mail came an offprint from the Journal of Semitic 
Studies, which I probablv would never have seen. It 
showed that the Arabs had practiced crvptanalysis long 
before the West — and provided me with the most im- 
portant historical breakthrough in my whole book. Again, 
I knew that in World War I, the chief assistant to the 
famous American crvptologist Herbert O. Yardley was 
Dr. J. M. Manly, one of the world's great Chaucerian 
scholars and a member of the faculty of the University 
of Chicago. I asked the university library there whether 
they had his papers. They microfilmed for me his corre- 
spondence with Yardley, which explained the financial 
reasons that led Yardley to write The American Black 
Chamber, probably the most famous book in the history 
of cryptology. It should have been evident from the start 
that this kind of asking is what I should have done more 
often, but it wasn't until I had had good results in sev- 
eral cases that the lesson crystallized. 

A third lesson was the importance of archival ma- 
terial. When I first began the book, I was sticking pretty 
much to published works. It was Barbara Tuchman's The 
Zimmermann Telegram that really opened up to my view 
the fact that unpublished documentary records also exist- 
ed as sources. I realized this when, in following her refer- 
ences, I was checking the original Zimmermann telegram 
in the National Archives and saw in the files some useful 
additional material. The lesson was followed up when I 
obtained microfilms of 18th-century cryptanalyses from 
the British Museum. But it was really driven home when, 
after I had written one of my World War I chapters, a 
former cryptanalyst (and later a U. S. ambassador), J. 
Rives Childs, lent me his entire set of World War I 
cipher papers. I had to redo the entire chapter, so com- 
pelling was the wealth of detail. Such wealth is rarely 
found in, say, memoirs. Moreover, the many dates in such 
documents permit the historian to set up a chronology and 
thus to posit trends and tendencies that might otherwise 

The code maker begins his assignment with 
"plain text," the message to be encoded or enci- 
phered. First he may, through transposition, shuffle 
the letters of the plaintext. Thus, the plaintext 
BOMB might become OBBM. Or, the code maker 
may replace the plaintext letters with other letters, 
or numbers. Hence BOMB might become 6214 or 
WXYZ. And to complicate the message further, he 
may drop in a few "nulls" (meaningless ciphers) or 
combine the techniques of substitution and trans- 
position. The code maker mav resort to steganog- 
raphy — hiding messages with invisible inks and 
micro-dot photography within his apparendv in- 
nocuous texts. Radio messages can be camouflaged 
also by "spurt" transmission, which produces a sig- 
nal much like the runaway sound of a rewinding 
tape recorder. Finally, the cryptologist can feed his 
plaintext messages into cipher machines that can 
range from a simple typewriter device to a high- 
speed computerized encoder. 

As Kahn explains it, code is different from 
cipher. A code usuallv consists of words, phrases, 
letters and S)'llables with code words or numbers 
to represent them. In ciphers, the letters themseh'es 
are replaced. At this stage, however, simplicity ends. 

High Spies: Indeed, there is nothing simple 
about cryptology as it is practiced today by the So- 
viets, whose eavesdropping trawlers roam the oceans, 
or by the electronic supersanctum of the U. S., the 
National Security Agency, which snoops on the 
world's encoded diplomatic and military chatter 
through a network of more than 2,000 radio inter- 
cept stations. Even the Vatican uses complex diplo- 
matic codes — and presumably is being monitored by 
NSA. The science of code breaking is pracdced 
even in space. Currently, dozens of American ferret 
satellites weave intricate orbital patterns over the 
Soviet Union, recording radio communications. 

Beyond the orbits of spy satellites, some scien- 
tists see an even higher role for cryptology. Drawing 
on the svntax of mathematical logic developed by 
such theoreticians as Bertrand Russell, Hans Freu- 
denthal of the State University of Utrecht has 
devised a code-like language called "Lincos" — short 
for "lingua cosmica." Lincos's vocabulary consists 
of radio signals of varying lengths and frequencies 
and is punctuated by pauses of varying duration. 
Freudenthal believes the language could be used 
to establish communication with intelligent extra- 
terrestrial life. According to Kahn, Freudenthal as- 
sumes that the creatures of outer space with whom 
he would be communicating possess the same un- 
derstanding of mathematical logic that humans do. 
If the Dutchman's lingua cosmica should ever be 
put into practice, radio cryptology — so long a means 
of secret communication — could become the lingua 
franca of the universe. (October 2 — Page 48) 

Copyright, Newsweek, Inc., October 1967 



rrr-e c(.i.;n;r'- "■t^ !■ 

<-u:ai-c;y ul" na t'c 

Znl.urnatiorzi', s-" Ir.iiti on , t;i{; .Vncricar'Ti ..f 

-.Mvr^tAt*^ *. 

•w- :. c-.*/^ty 


t.'^G ..nerican attilu- 

:: im.T.rils s-'j-Li," on 

■ thers' c^^innunlcstiuns. SJfOUCtiBCtiBiH 

aiates- ha'S-;alKa?&^»TOltenj>:pr3nniiita:;ahDscaxexTiEdi-e»c7r;xiiiSraJ:r!^ 

nJ(Htr.i'g:;EaE±cS!toi -Mations less c)eiJi<:;.-iteH tu ^wtMiKneed not maicBnttnia 

clirose hoWeen principle niri expetViencQ. Vet iitxisnlincnKmo t.v I-'nitG.l Stages 
faaaxoootsifesilxmlyi is a -rent nation in larfe noas'To beca'-ise it has nearly 
alvraj-s chosen to do wh.-.titf'ri'^ht. 

T'ms iienry L. jtins^m's KtotnhBn in 1D29 ti 



was not only morally ri-ht, it narcl'ed center rank 

lllacic C!i:tnbcr TCXB:cEiB±\'i)3iit^ri»araXa7r^xiu;ii±:pcttXKaG in the xxtrccs-tsiiaK of 

itocd Anerican "lelief. fcJ6tHnlB»0xiaatKHptn3OQBr,afKicrar.)irt!ina4;fEis lie acceited cr^-pt- 


analysis in 1940 because i;ar HffiEHtaiicti wap approacHin", but a a fi teWM 

±n:al^fiS" olinncn 1929 was a tine of profound peace .mrtflnHpimttism? of revulsion 

rrom tlie recent war, v'■=.t^ nn ?'itl0r '.'r 'r-Tossion in si.-lit, a period of 
*~~"*I^W^::- t iio uap "secretary nf v,ar in lOAO and 

optii!iisn :ir.d faith. 

Secretary of ^late in l?2^i«. 


titht iT^m. 

'i T"H ■- r In I, 

^..lUl ini*» 

■*■.■-■•.■'. iK'li'i^llle "ciens"; "'?'Wrrui.i!il lflMWJi!-[iJlJ.lltU!iil)aalBn5waai,-ttet niMpaiixttai 
tiir iin-n— n ' lllflTTIII I mil iiiii Mii_JjlmLtMWjr^ •^tiin-rn stood for idealism, 


Tempest." ih r aii ab arr j li t i « t li 

It is as idle to point 

i f fil l ii I I i' l " nth t il l r iiii 

outTto ther, as it is to tall:: bad- to a phono~raph. 
For they do not seek luioi.-ledr-e, but converts; tlicy arc not sc!olars, but 
5 advocates. 

» It has been asked.DthsiUoBriiijt.-aaajUransxmkD "Docs it mtter who 

AS wrote the Shnkcspearc plays? After all, it is the pla,vs thcnselves that 
^-4^ count, not vho wrote then," This isr.iinmiiitmtairtmSrtxminnHiiHH the point. Frank 

^ I A^u^/JA JU*^ ^ ^ -fu^ MU, "^^*^ - *^*^, ^^*^' A«*>i ^ ' MitV- -r^y «*/! .■.. w, /?'•* ■ 

'J|| W. Kadsworth says in his discussion of the Bacon -Shakespeare controversy: 
»'i "The real s irnif icance of f- o battle over the authorship f^ies far beyond 
I Shalrespeare and the controversial literat-re, for it strikes at the heart of 
ji nan's kiw-ledre of himself. The reasons we have for believinr that KUliani 
■^ J Shakespeare of stratford-on-Avon wrote the plavs nnd poems are the sasc as 


I the reasons we have for believinc bJait any other histurical event. fiazTdoanEi 

•^j^ — fcr believinr tint Julius Caesar was stabbed by Brutis and the conspira- 

? ^ tors, that Charles I lost his head, that .ibraham Lincoln was shot watd-inf ■ 

^ V a perfomance of Our American Cousin,... If one can arruc that the evidence 

in Shakespeare's case does not mean what it sa's, that it has been falsified 

1n sustain a ri^antic hoax that ns rer^ined "ndetected for centuries, 

then one can .just as surely arrftie t! at ofrlier evidence is not to be trusted 

and that, as i:enl7' ^^^^ said, 'histDrj- is tunl;. ' rh^t is Khy the Clarke 

It is a long may from the typewriter to the puMished tome. 
Some of this material appears on page 758. 

Early draft of Dave Kahn's manuscript. Some of the material 
appears on pages 890-1 of published work. 

escape him. Thus these sources add to both the factual 
and the theoretical richness of a history. 

BUCKNELLIANS might wonder what the contribu- 
tion of their university was to all this. There were 
In the first place, innumerable term papers had made 
me familiar with the basic reference tools. In the second, 
my sociology courses, for example, had introduced me to 
the major names in the field. Thus when I needed some 
material on the Navaho language, I knew that Kluckhohn 
would be a solid authority. The University course gave 
me a philosophical background that helped me orient 
myself at certain points in the book — and also gave me 
some textbooks that are cited in the notes. There was 
the influence of teachers. Two especially were often 
present in my mind: Dr. Mildred Martin, who taught 

me English 201 (Expository Writing), and Dr. Gladys 
Cook, who taught me French and scholarliness. I fre- 
quently found myself thinking. Would they have been 
proud of this? They inspired me to reach for what was 
right more than I otherwise would have done. But Buck- 
nell's greatest contribution was the thought that if I 
wrote a _good book, it would reflect well upon the uni- 

So now it's done. And so now people ask. What's 
next? Another book? Maybe. It's verv hard to write, it's 
rather lonely, and every time you take a cup of coffee you 
feel you should be at the typewriter. Of course, when 
it's all over it's very satisfying. You have something to 
show for your work, and you know that you've contribut- 
ed something. So perhaps some day I will do another. 
But for the moment, I'm savoring the pleasures of this 
one. One of those pleasures is realizing that this book 
is the first of its kind in the whole history of the world. 
And it was a Bucknellian who did it! 



Of World War U vintage, the "Biicknell Victory" again sails the seven seas. 

Back in Service 

The "Bucknell Victory," a World 
War II vintage Kaiser Victory Ship, 
is back in service. 

That's the word from Navy Com- 
mander James E. Galloway '49, who 
sent us photos of the ship in the har- 
bor of DaNang, Vietnam. 

A cargo carrier which slid down 
the planks at the Kaiser Shipyards in 
California back on February 10, 
1946, the "Bucknell Victory" was 
outfitted with a ship's library by the 
University. Following service in the 
Pacific, the ship was decommissioned. 
This is the first information received 
to date on reactivation of the craft. 

Commander Galloway, following a 
year's tour of duty in Vietnam, re- 
turned to Sunnyvale, California in 
October to rejoin his wife and their 
eight children. He is scheduled for 
duty in Washington, D. C. with the 
Naval Electronic Systems Command. 
His wife, the former Jean Rouault 
(Chestnut Hill '46) and seven of the 
eight children will make the move 
with Jim to the nation's capital. His 
oldest daughter will remain on the 
West Coast to complete studies at 
the University of California, Santa 

Jim received his commission as en- 
sign shordy after receiving his B.S. 
degree in electrical engineering. Since 
then he has been assigned to varied 
projects from Florida to Newfound- 
land and from California to Vietnam. 


The Varied 

Worlds of 


In addition, he has completed studies 
for the Bachelor of Civil Engineering 
Degree at Renssalaer Polytechnic In- 
stitute and an M.S. degree in eng-i- 
neering electronics from the Naval 
Postgraduate School in Monterey, 

However, he has never sailed on 
the "Bucknell Victory." 

An Editor 'Retires' 

When the pulitzer Prize committee 
meets to hand out prizes for journal- 
istic achievement in Vietnam this 
year, perhaps they ought to consider 
Captain Gary Glass '62. 

Discharged on August 24, Gary is 
now on the staff of the Pennsylvania 
Geological Survey. He is married to 
the former Chariot Fry and is resid- 
ing at present in Milton. 

As the editor of the onlv daily 
newspaper published within the 1st 
Air Cavalry Division, the former 
Capt. Glass overcame a series of ob- 

stacles that would have driven Wil- 
liam Randolph Hearst into the insur- 
ance business. But the Skyheaver 
Blnrh, the pride of the 8th Engineer 
Battalion, made its daily appearance 
with the regularity of the postman. 

Looking back over the eight 
months of the paper's existence, Gary 
recalled a few of its difficulties: 

*A circulation scattered all over 
the 1st Cav's area of operations, from 
Phan Thiet, almost as far south as 
Saigon, to Landing Zone Sandra, well 
in the north. And how do you get 
the paper to engineer squads at- 
tached to infantry battalions far from 
any engineer headquarters? "We send 
them with the chaplain," Glass ex- 

"^Periodic mortar attacks. The 
Bhtrb had the news of a night attack 
on English in print hours before any 
other newspaper. 

^Supply shortages. Gary fanned 
out a file of back issues to form a pea- 
cock's tail of colors. "We printed on 
what was available — blue paper, 
pink paper, white, yellow, whatever." 

Gary, as the S-2 officer for the bat- 
talion, enlisted the help of the other 
officers and enlisted men of his sec- 
tion in the publication of the Blurb, 
which usually kept at least one man 
up until midnight, preparing the ditto 
machine and running it ofl^. 

The idea of a daily newspaper first 
occurred to the 8th Engineers' former 
commander. Lieutenant Colonel 


Charles G. dentine. Since the men 
of his battalion were spread out, hun- 
dreds of miles apart, the colonel sug- 
gested a newspaper to keep the units 
in touch with one another. 

For awhile, the battalion adjutant 
produced the Bliirh sporadically in 
five or six typewritten copies. But on- 
ly _with the assignment of the paper 
to the S-2 did the paper become daily. 

Lieutenant Ronald Coiner wrote 
the first two or three issues before 
Capt. Glass "saw it \yas too much 
for one guy" and decided to make it 
a section project. With Lt. Coiner 
and Capt. Bernard Lofft, Gary gath- 
ered material for the paper at staff 
meetings and from nightly situation 

Capt. Gary Glass '62 

reports. The S-2 officer on night duty 
prepared the paper at the battalion's 
forward headquarters, often finishing 
at 5 a. m. 

Soon, as Gary puts it, "Eyeryone 
got into the swing of thinos." Each 
company assigned a reporter and daily 
stories began flowing in. Circulation 
expanded; where 25 papers had been 
printed originally, 86 were being 
printed in early August. Distribution 
included a daily copy for the Office 
of the Corps of Engineers in the Pen- 
tagon, and one for a lady in Florida 
named Mrs. Frederickson, who wrote 


to say that she \yould like to stay in 
touch with her son's unit. 

The paper changed too. It grew 
from a one-page, daily-bulletin style 
production to an expanded paper, 
sometimes as long as fiye pages, neat- 
ly typed in two columns. The edi- 
tors illustrated it with small cartoons 
at the top of page one. The paper 
didn't miss a day's publication except 
for three issues while the battalion 
\\'as moving from LZ Hammond to 
LZ English. 

The content of the paper varies, 
but the emphasis is always on hu- 
mor. Each company reports its "hard 
news" — rotations, awards, new ar- 
rivals. Like any newspaper editor, 
Gary constantly added features — en- 
gagement and birth announcements, 
and ball scores. There are even classi- 
fied ads; "I got mv pipe back in one 
day," the former captain said proud- 

When a girl ^\'rote from New Jer- 
sey to request a pen-pal, the Bhirb 
printed her letter and sent her a list 
of volunteers. 

Some ambitious writers have at- 
tempted continuing features. "The 
Adventures of Tarman," featured a 
peneprime-armed crusader against 
dust in a daily serial until its author 
rotated. Gary prompdy replaced it 
\\ ith a series of his own called "Night- 
mare." the 17-dav serial began 17 
days before the captain-publisher's 
DEROS in mid-August. 

The Blurh will live beyond Gary's 
term as editor. "The new S-2 was 
broken in and ready to go," said for- 
mer Capt. Glass. His successor is 1st 
Lieutenant Wayne Rutledge. 

Did his newspaper career give 
Gary ideas about a new civilian occu- 
pation? "It shovyed me I'm not going 
to be a newspaperman," said the cap- 

Gary received his B.S. degree in 
geology from Bucknell and his M.S. 
degree in geology from Lehigh Uni- 
versity in 1964. While on his Viet- 
nam tour of duty, he joined seven 
other Bucknellians for an Alumni Re- 
union at the home of William Moy- 
er '57 in Saigon QAlumnus, Novem- 
ber, 1966). He is the recipient of the 
Bronze Star, the Air Medal and the 
Meritorious Seryice Award. 

Honored For Teaching 

Dr. John Judd Shield '31, associate 
clinical professor of pediatrics at the 
Temple University Medical School, 
was honored this year with the Chris- 
tian J. and Mary F. Lindback Award 
for distinguished teaching. The award 
was conferred by Dr. Millard E. 
Gladfelter, president of Temple. 

Of the award, Dr. Shields savs: "It 
is gratifying to have this recognition 
of the value of the volunteer teaching 
done by many practicing physicians." 

Chief of Pediatrics at the Abington 
Memorial Hospital, Dr. Shields prac- 
tices pediatrics in Jenkintown. He 
does his part-time teaching of Temple 
medical students at St. Christopher's 
Hospital for Children. 

A siiinma cum laude graduate of 
Bucknell with a B.S. degree in biolo- 
gy, he received his M.D. degree from 
the Harvard University School of 
Medicine in 1935. He served foi 
three years with the medical corps of 
the Army Air Force during World 
War II. ' 

A member of two families long as- 
sociated with Bucknell, his son 
lames is a member of the Class of 
'1962. Two brothers, Donald W. '44, 
and Kevin L. '43, and a sister, Anna, 
K. '38, are Bucknellians. His late| 
mother and father, J. Leigh Shields] 
'06 and Sarah E. Judd r99, '02, and; 
his maternal grandfather, the late DrJ 
John T. Judd H'04, a former trustee; 
and treasurer of the University, all; 
served Bucknell during their life-' 

New Executive 

The new director of marketing for 
the Dome Division of Miles Labora-i 
tories. Inc., is Charles W. Rahner 
Jr. '50. He joined Dome in Mayi 
1966, as director of product planning; 
Charles earlier had served as directoi| 
of marketing for the Animal Health 
Division of Schering Corporation. ; 

In his new position, the Bucknel 
lian will be responsible for sales, ad 
vertising and promotional activitie:' 
for Dome which markets otics, aller 
gens, dermatologicals and therapeu; 

Charles received his B.S. degree ir 
biology from Bucknell and an M.B.A, 
Continued on Page 30 






REPORTER: Dr. Frederick B. Igler 
'12, 43rd and Locust Sts., Fairfax 
Apt. 513, Philadelphia, Pa. 19104 

HARRY X. KELLY '13 earned new 
honors recently when he was awarded 
an honorary life membership card 
by the New Orleans Board of Trade, 
Ltd. Harry has been serving as 
president of Delta Steamship Lines 
from 1919 until his retirement 
this past May. 

Dr. MABEL GRIER Lesher '01 
(permanent address '/Verner Conva- 
lescent Home, East 8th St., 
Watsontown, Pa. 17777} sent her 
regrets for the Emeritus dinner 
saying that medical restrictions 
prevent her driving. She sent her 
warm greetings to all old friends. 

The management of The Burton 
Nursing Home in Burlington, Wash- 
ington, sent word that Mrs. George 
Shorkley (SARA MERRIMAN) '95 con- 
tinues to be a sweet old lady who 
cannot hear but can read. Last 
year she fell and broke a hip 
which places limitations on her 

GEORGE E. EDGETT '02 of Tulsa, 
Oklahoma, sent in his regrets. 

The Emeritus dinner on the 
Friday night of Commencement week- 
end was a high-spirited affair. 
If eight who had sent in reserva- 
tions but found at the last 
moment that they could not make it 
had been present, the banquet 
room would have been too small. 
STANLEY DAVIES '12 functioned well 
as a chairman. HERBERT LLOYD 
'11 pulled off the old baloney as 
chairman of the Nominating 
Committee but finally came up with 
a superb nominee for president 
in the person of MARWOOD GLOVER 
'13. There were a number of those 
present who had bits of wisdom to 
share including JACK RICE '14, 
emeritus professor of biology who 
told us how to be useful though 
retired. PHARES HERTZOG '10 was 
the center of laughter on more 
than one occasion. The success 
of the occasion was largely because 
of the work of MAZE CALLAHAN 
Housekneckt '12. 

Among those attending who 
might not be mentioned by Class 
Reporters were: VERA D. HASKELL 
'07 of Montreal, Canada, and 
Velte '09. 

The Emeritus Reporter thinks 
that the Friday evening dinner 
occasion is a good technique for 
drawing together the older Alumni, 
and especially those who may feel 
that if they do return their 


particular class will have no 
function. The Reporter wishes that 
there had been time to circulate 
among the crowded tables, and pick 
up some stories relating to Alumni 
present and absent which ought to 
be shared through the Alumnus with 
the larger fellowship. (Note the 
address of the reporter and send 
him news . ) 



Mathias (Margaret W. Pangburn) , 

202 St. Louis St., Lewisburg, Pa. 


The deadline for news of 1908 
in this issue of the Alumnus v^/as 
almost past before I realized it. 
Having just returned from a wonder- 
ful six weeks in Europe with my 
son, JAY '35, and his wife, MARGIE 
BLAIR '36, I found in the mail a 
reminder of my duties as a reporter. 

Too late to contact classmates 
regarding your summer activities, 
I'll take this opportunity to urge 
you all to begin to plan for a 
great reunion in June 1958. 


CLASS REPORTER: Miss Mildred B. 
Gathers, 100 W. 33rd St., Apt. 6, 
Bayonne, N.J. 07002 

We are indebted t 
STOUT '28 for a notice 
hospital in Riverside, 

Raymond was a par 
firm of Hendricks and 
offices in the Girard 
before the firm was di 
home was in Riverton 
at Bucknell Raymond wa 
of Sigma Alpha Epsilon 

Surviving are two 
seven grandchildren, o 
grandchild, a sister 
Howard, a retired just 
N.J. Supreme Court. T 
the sincere sympathy o 
classmates . 


of the death 
ly 20 at the 

tner in the 
Eastwood with 
Trust Bldg. 
ssolved. His 
N.J. While 
s a member 

daughters , 
ne great- 
and a brother 
ice of the 
them goes 
f Raymond's 


Houseknecht (Maze Callahan) , 108 
W. Penn St., Muncy , Pa. 17756 

"A vacation is a succession 
of 2's. It consists of 2 weeks, 
which are 2 short. .Afterward, you 
are 2 tired 2 return 2 work, and 
2 broke not 2." 

Did you miss me in September? 
I sent my report as usual to the 
Alumni Office but somehow it got 

in the wrong hands and was sent 
as a class letter. I felt very 
bad, as that was the first issue I 
had missed in the 20 years that 
1 have been reporting. 

LEON M. CRANDELL retired as 
borough secretary in Montgomery 
marking 21 years. He had been 
borough secretary in Dushore for 15 
years before moving to Montgomery. 
Not sick but a lot of book work 
to do. His hearing is not too good. 
He still is a public accountant 
doing income tax during the winter 
months . 

Now a word from my globe 
trotters. FRED and Katie IGLER 
left Phila. June 30, for Boston 
where friends met them, toured 
them and dined them and the Hilton 
Statler slept them. Saturday A.M. 
left for Boothbay Harbor, Maine, 
where they gorged themselves on 
lobsters and clams. Fred said; 
"There is always beauty in the 
harbor. Clean air and fresh quiet. 
No place for the Hippies." The 
17th of July they left for their 
daughter's home in West Hartford, 
Conn. They missed ART and Sarah 
WALTZ'S open house July 4. Elsie 
and PATTY CONNER were there. 

This from HELEN RUTH, July II, 
Edmonton, Canada. "This is a 
marvelous tour of 43 days. Found 
good weather through 111., N.D., 
Minn, and Mont. Banff and Lake 
Louise very lovely. The snow- 
capped mountains are breath taking. 
We ran into a snow storm of 20 
minutes on the way up from Jasper. 
Temp, here 80°. Now on to Alaska, 
Pt. Barrow and the passion play 
in S.D. " 

passed away Aug. 15 in a hospital 
in N.Y. Tim, you know, had had 
a stroke several years ago. This 
past summer he fell, was taken to 
the hospital where complications 
set in. He is survived by his 
wife, RUBY STUCK, two daughters, 
and Betty Jane Sudder, Forrest 
Hills, N.Y. and six grandchildren. 
Burial was at Lower City. Sin- 
cerest sympathy is extended to the 
family from the Class of 1912. 

For our reunion dinner the 
1913 Class presented beautiful 
white carnation corsages to the 
ladies and a carnation boutonniere 
to the men. We all felt so elegant 
and dreised up. A very warm 
thought which we appreciated 
exceedingly. So, on behalf of the 
class, I want to send a very big 
and warm thank you . 

Attended a very lovely 50th 
wedding reception on Sunday after- 
noon. It was most delightful. 
These folks have grown old very 
gracefully. LOUIS and VIOLET 
DAVENPORT have already celebrated 
their 50th Anniversaries. STANLEY 
will celebrate theirs on Dec. 22. 
There may be others, do let me 
know. Pop and I will be celebrat- 
ing ours in two years if I can 
keep him under control. He is so 
busy in the kitchen and the refrig- 

We are going to Etters to 
visit our younger son and family 
over the weekend. I'll be all 
ready sitting in the car waiting 
very patiently. He has a certain 


routine. He goes around and 
pushes all the buttons on the 
electric stove, goes upstairs to 
see the bathroom isn't flooded, 
etc. He gets in the car, adjusts 
himself, then says: "Well, I 
guess we won't burn up the tea 
kettle this time." I don't turn 
the other cheek, nor will I tell 
you what 1 say. 


CLASS REPORTER: Miss M. Belinda 

Potter, Centre Hall, Pa. 16328 

CLAY SANDERS and Mrs. Sanders 
have two granddaughters, Joyce 
Christian, a senior at Wilkes this 
year, and Karen Christian, a fresh- 
man at Bucknell. The girls are 
daughters of HELEN SANDERS 
Christian '40. Karen was chosen 
queen for a club in Nanticoke and 
served in that capacity for the 
past year. 


Oesterle, 216 18th Ave., N.E., 
St. Petersburg, Fla. 33704 

A recent bulletin of the U.S. 
Agricultural Bureau found Dr. 
among the first ten of the lead- 
ing authorities in the conservation 
of natural resources in the U.S.A. 

KIMBER PERSING is disposing 
of a considerable collection of 
stamps. We submitted his generous 
offer of the stamps to members 
of the V.A. Center at Bay Pines. 
At this juncture I do not know 
whether they were taken up. 

We are sitting tight while 
the three hurricanes make up 
their minds which way to go. 
Beulah seems the one which could 
do us some harm but she lost steam 
after battling with some mountains, 
and she can still muster up some 
intensity. We were fortunate 
the time Donna went up the West 
Coast. Had the tides been in 
when she blustered by, we would 
have had high tides and consider- 
able innundation. Our golf course 
would have been put out of business 
and that just can't be. 

ELSIE OWENS Long '08 looked 
chipper last Sunday, Sept. 3 when 
we caught up with her as she 
was being propelled in her wheel 
chair by that doughty oldster 
MORRIS VAN GUNDY '98. He had his 
90th birthday in June and his two 
sons, one from Texas and the other 
from Puerto Rico, came on to help 
him celebrate. They are both in 
the service. 

Hillman '11? She passed on 
recently and Helen felt the loss 
keenly, for it was Verna who per- 
suaded her to choose Bucknell as 
her Alma Mater. BESSY KATES '19 
(H'52), also from Millville, N.J., 
had a hand in it, too, and 1 have 
heard Helen speak feelingly of 
them on many an occasion. 

On October 20, we will have 
completed seven years residence 
in this wonderful city. Employ- 
ment at the Bay Pines Veterans 
Administration Center has kept me 

very much alive. On the 13th of 
September, I will begin another 
year of activity with the hopes 
that I can give twelve more months 
to the welfare of the 1040 men 
and women who are constantly in 
the hospitals and federal homes 
at this installation. 

The indefatigable GEORGE 
BAILETS '09 went north as usual 
this summer and with his unfail- 
ing remembrance of his fellow 
Bucknellians kept us posted on 
his activities. I was particularly 
amused with his intentions of see- 
ing the horse races at Saratoga. 
I could have enjoyed his company 
on that effort. We met the 
Headlunds and the COLEMAN JOHN 
HARRISes '12 in a cafeteria 
recently and they locked to be in 
good health. SARAH WALTERS 
Headlund's '09 eyes are not too 
good. She is 83 and her husband 



Angel, 2051-2 Westfield Terrace, 
Bethlehem, Pa. 18018 

A few months ago I received 
a letter from Mrs. John W. Higgs 
10th Ave., Conshohocken, Pa. 
19428. She entered our 1919 class 
but graduated in Domestic Science, 
Class of 1917. Her husband 
passed away a number of years ago. 
Her granddaughter recently gradu- 
ated from West Chester State 
College. She is hoping (and the 
same applies to all of us) to 
attend the 50th reunion of our 
class . 

A few months ago I also 
received a note from Rev. RAYMOND 
J. CORNISH, North Delsea Dr., 
Franklinville, N.J. 08322. He 
retired from the ministry some 
years ago because of poor health. 
I am glad to report, however, 
that since that time he has 
recovered to a great degree. 



Miller (Helen Bodine) , Coral 

Ridge Towers North, Apt. 822, 

3200 N.E. 36th St., Fort Lauderdale, 

Fla. 33308 

The Paul Millers plan on fly- 
ing to El Salvador, Central 
America the middle of October. 
Paul has taken an assignment with 
the International Executive Service 
Corps . 

Busy days for us getting shots, 
passports, our Inter-American 
drivers licenses and making arrange- 
ments for an approximate three 
months' stay. 

We spent a day in the New 
York I.E.S.C. offices as we 
returned from a Cape Cod vacation 
with family and friends. We 
received briefing on the country, 
the customs and the company with 
whom Paul will be working. We 
feel this will be an interesting 
and rewarding trip. More about 
it when we return. 

If you have any news items, 
please send them to MORRIS HOOVEN , 


21 Claridge Court, Montclair, N.J. 
07042. I have asked him to take 
over in my absence. 


Cupp (Louise Benshoff) , 933 
Muirfield Rd., Bryn Mawr, Pa. 
19010 and Mrs. C. E. Anderson 
(Florence Martz) , 6336 Rimpau 
Blvd., South Los Angeles, Calif. 

To all '24 class members: 
Your class reporters cannot manu- 
facture news. Some of you promised 
to let us hear from you and all 
we get is silence! 

With the news clipping (sent 
to us by CLARA PRICE Cober '25) 
of Dr. John Persing, son of our 
Dr. AMOS PERSING, comes a desire 
to know just how many in the Class 
of '24 have sons (or daughters) 
who are doctors. Let us hear 
from you! 

FLOSS MARTZ Anderson, 
daughter Sally and children spent 
the month of August in the Pacific 
Northwest. Then early in September, 
Floss visited Col. Walter and SUE 
POST Miller '23 in Claremont, 
Calif. Their questions of "Do you 
remember-?" and "Where is-?" 
spanned a 45 year separation! 

As of October 15, DUTCH '22 
and GRAYCE PETERSON Miller have 
a new address: 3200 N.E. 36th 
St., Apt. 609, Ft. Lauderdale, 
Fla. 33308. 

And, a new address for GENE 
GERLACH Moore: Alden Park Manor, 
Sect. 15, Apt. 805 C, Phila. , 
Pa. 19144. 

A card from Roy and ANNE 
HEYSHAM Schweiker reached us from 
Norway: "We are vacationing this 
year in England, Scotland, Germany 
and Switzerland. Now we are in 
Norway. Bergen is a delightful 
clean city. The center of the 
city looks like Fairyland." (We 
had hoped to hear more of Anne's 
trip but hadn't a bit of luck 
when we tried to reach her by 
'phone . ) 

prefer news from others but shall 
add a few brief notes of our 
vacation . 

First, to beautiful interest- 
ing Scandinavian countries where 
we visited our daughter Marilyn 
and family in Denmark. Later, we 
flew to London from Oslo, arriving 
in time to see the lovely ceremony 
of Trooping The Colour, a full- 
dress parade of the Brigade of 
Guard's Parade in celebration of 
the Queen's birthday. While stay- 
ing at the Lygon Arms in Broadway, 
a famous old Inn 400 years old, we 
leisurely drove in all directions 
and explored the many villages and 
towns. We realized more than ever 
before that England has many 
beautiful areas but none with more 
quiet dignity and charm than the 
Cotswolds. The ancient weathered 
stone, the dry walling, farms, 
tithe barns, many churches (upon 
which craftsmen lavished their 
love and skill) , beautiful stone 
houses and charming old Inns--all 
combine to make a restful atmos- 
phere. Of particular interest to 
transatlantic visitors is The 
American Museum in Britain, 



. in 



port , 

recently established at Clave 
Manor near Bath. It is the o 
comprehensive museum of Ameri 
in Europe! We were told that 
Americans, with a deep apprec 
of the American Arts and a de 
to increase Anglo-American un 
standing, created the Museum 
55 acres of park and woodland 
1961. It is well worth a vis 
Calvary Baptist Church o 
Norristown held a service of 
recognition last June for Dr. 
Mrs. ROLAND 0. HUDSON upon hi 
retirement after 18 1/2 years 
dedicated ministry to the con 
gation. The Hudson's will re 
at 53 Stafford Circle, Dennis 
Mass. 02639, where he expect 
to be kept busy with interim 
ministries in New England. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. William E. 
Thompson, Jr. (Mary Seidel) , Box 
Tree Farm, Whiteford, Md. 21160 

It is my sad duty to report 
the death of M. AGNES MAYES, on 
July 20. On her way home from 
Williamsburg, Va. she was stricken 
with a heart attack near Carlisle 
and died at the Carlisle Hospital. 
Our deepest sympathy is extended 
to her brother and sisters and 
their families. 

A note from WALLY FOSTER in 
the spring said he expected to 
retire October 31, then would 
enjoy "golf, fish, garden, a little 
travel; the latter only to get me 
a little farther south when the 
temperature gets to zero. This 
means I will have plenty of time 
to help prepare for our 45th in 
1970". That time will soon be 
here, Wally, so have a wonderful 
retirement . 

Bill and I were in Puerto 
Rico in June and what a wonderful 
treat it was, it was Bill's third 
trip and my first. It was all 
fascinating, the country, climate, 
and last but not least the people. 
We rented a car while there and 
took just about everything in, 
missed a few things but hope to 
remedy that sometime in the future. 
I was partial to the old part of 
San Juan and their countryside, 
I loved it, but I still can't 
enjoy travel by air! 



156-18 Oak Ave. , 


Miss Agnes Dunbar, 
Flushing, N.Y. 

CLYDE ROLLER, our former 
reporter, has generously offered 
to be assistant reporter for our 
class, and the following items 
came from him. 

Some unhappy news has been 
received. CLYDE J. FOOSE, who has 
been residing at Pottsgrove near 
Milton, died March 31. Word was 
received too late for the report 
to be carried in an earlier issue. 

Clyde, who was from Juniata, 
taught school for two years after 
his college days, but then entered 
Princeton Seminary and prepared 
for the ministry, later serving 
churches at Pottsgrove, Williams- 
port and Sunbury during the period 


1932 to 1952. Then, in semi- 
retirement from the ministry, he 
engaged in his own business as a 
poultry breeding farmer, also 
serving at times as a supply pastor. 

He married Augusta Schnure in 
1953. Mrs. Foose has been holding 
the position of Director of 
Elementary Education in Milton 
Area Public Schools. 

GEORGE ROLLER is senior 
guidance counselor at East High 
School in Rochester, N.Y. He 
went to the Rochester school upon 
graduation from Bucknell and has 
been there ever since, except for 
a sabbatical leave during which he 
studied at the University of 
Arizona. He also did some summer 
work at Boston University. 

George came in for a nice 
tribute some time ago when the 
yearbook of East High, the largest 
of Rochester's nine high schools, 
was dedicated to him. 

class president, has sent in the 
following message to classmates: 

As president of the Class of 
'27, I wish to say first that it 
was a pleasure to see so many attend 
our class' 40th reunion in June. 
I can't begin to name them all, 
but a few come quickly to mind. 
RALPH MARTZ , our former president, 
and his associates, BILL GRETZINGER, 
Mrs. George Kunkel (HELEN EGGE) , 
arranged for a very pleasant 
Alumni dinner at the Lewisburger. 

I believe, in all, about 102 
attended. What a turnout after 
40 years! There were, to name a 
his charming wife ISABELLE MORRISON 
seen him in all these years and it 
was a pleasure) , BILL HETLER and 
Helen, LEROY HORTON all the way 
from Sarasota, Dr. HERBERT HEIM, 
STAN McCASKEY, and the ever-full- 
of-fun RED McANULTY. I'm sure a 
good time was had by all. 

The general Alumni luncheon 
was grand, and the dance Saturday 
night was a blast, with a hot 
combo for the youngsters and a 
sweet sounding dance band for the 
oldsters . 

This was the first time ray 
wife Mary Ellen had attended an 
Alumni reunion, and she thoroughly 
enjoyed meeting a lot of my former 
classmates. I'm sure she won't 
miss another one. 

Since the class reunion I've 
heard from CHUCK KUSHELL, who is 
heading up the fund drive for 
Bucknell 's future development and 
will be in Pittsburgh in January 
when I expect to see him. STAN 
McCASKEY told me he had retired 
from Allegheny-Ludlum and is now 
looking forward to travel and a 
life of leisure. 

I hope all of our classmates 
will start now to make plans to 
attend our 45th reunion- - it ' s not 
too early and I'll keep reminding 
all of you--which I hope will be 
the beginning of a bigger class 
reunion every year. Presently, 
ray work with Alcoa is keeping rae 
very busy. 

Let's not only plan for the 
next reunion, but to keep in touch 

between now and then. CLYDE 
ROLLER at 1319 North Second St., 
Harrisburg, and I will look forward 
to hearing from you. Several 
have mentioned retiring, and each 
probably has interesting news 
items on how leisure time is being 


Dill (Eleanor Miller), 721 Sandy 
St., Tremont Terr. 216, Norristown, 
Pa. 19401 

EV PAULING Hublitz wrote a 
wonderful letter telling of the 
"monumental" task of moving from 
her early American home to a 
"large, comfortable and convenient 
apartment" in Allentown, two blocks 
from her son PHIL '62 and his wife. 
She expected to visit N.Y. and 
her home state Mass. in August 
before going ahead with her future 
plans. (To be divulged in a later 
issue . ) 

JO BEHNEY Hoffman dropped in 
to see Ev at the time she was 
moving, and Ev was sorry to have 
missed her "after almost 40 years". 
I can imagine their disappointment, 
for it is easy to pick up the 
threads of the past and enjoy 
reminiscing . 

September 6th Ginnie and TED 
HEYSHAM '25 kindly picked me up to 
go to the Philadelphia B.U. Alumni 
Club Frosh reception. We enjoyed 
seeing a number of Bucknellians 
and friends, as well as a fine 
class of Frosh. I talked with 
parents who were acquainted with 
Schweiker '24. Their ears should 
have been wiggling happily on 
August 20, when RUTH BROWN Wolfe 
'22 had AMA\'DA BROWN Gum, AMY 
HALDEMAN Roop '27 and me to tea 
to chat with ELOISE BAILEY Mallinson 
'29, her guest. Ruth, always 
understanding, invited me to dinner 
as well, when I told her of the 
death of my brother two days 
previously. I had just visited 
him in Calif. 


CLASS REPORTER: Miss Thelraa J. 
Showalter, 524 Market St., 
Mifflinburg, Pa. 17844 

PAUL E. FINK received the 
"President's Award" of the Inter- 
national Circulation Managers' 
Association at its annual meeting 
in July. The citation, in the 
form of a plaque, was given in 
recognition of his unselfish con- 
tribution to the affairs of the 
organization over a span of many 
years. Paul has been with GRIT 
since 1934; its circulation 
director for the last 19 years, 
and a member of its board of 
directors since 1961. 

His record of service to his 
comraunity has been outstanding 
and in 1960 he was instruraental 
in founding the Epilepsy Society 
of Lycoming County. 






Meredith (Janet E. Bingman) , 
303 South Main Street, Jersey 
Shore, Pa. 17740 


Deschanel (Ann W. Orr) , 208 
Dickinson Ave., Swarthmore, 
Pa. 19081 

Just a note to all 
Bucknellians I The coll 
is more lovely than you 
and I want you to know 
even had a tour of the 
My niece, Janet, has "h 
being a Freshman in 196 
we went down for an int 
tour. Shades of the pa 
one sees Harris Hall--v 
and carpeted - -well - -one 
if it is the same place 
DECKER Hartman and I ro 
four wonderful years, 
look around at the bull 
also, dig a little into 
account when our class 

See you at a footb 
I hope so! 

you loyal 
ege campus 

can imagine 
that I have 
buildings . 
opes" of 

--and so 
erview and 
St! When 
ery plush 


that REBA 
omed for 
Do stop and 
dings and, 

the bank 
asks for a 

all game? 


Smalstig, 1645 Second St., 
Beaver, Pa. 15009 

LOUIS K. MUTZEL, former 
chairman of the Chester Housing 
Authority, has been named a 
member of the Sea Isle City 
Planning Board. Lou is also city 
zoning inspector and a member of 
the Sea Isle City Redevelopment 
Agency. He is on the board of 
directors of the First Savings 
and Loan Association in Sea Isle 
City. He retired from his Chester 
post several years ago. He had 
also served as an assessor in 
the city of Chester and taught 
high school in the Chester School 
District. Lou is a member of 
the Cape May County Republican 
Executive Committee. 

Mayor William R. Wilsey, 
who made the appointment, said 
he is pleased that "a man with 
Mr. Mutzel's background has 
consented to take on an important 
position on the Sea Isle City 
Planning Board." 

Mutzel also taught school in 
Sea Isle City, filling in because 
there had been a shortage of 
teachers. He has been on the Sea 
Isle City Redevelopment Agency 
for two years. He also served as 
chairman of the local Cancer 
Crusade for one year. 

Lou and his wife, Mary, live 
at 130 57th St., Sea Isle City. 


Fox (Marie Steinbach] , 201 
Pennsylvania Ave., Seaford, 
Del. 19973 

WALTER W. RUCH, our veteran 
newsman and public relations 
consultant in Detroit and earlier 
in Philadelphia, has been appointed 
creative director of Complete 
Promotions, Inc. in Detroit. This 
newly organized company is ful- 
filling major promotional assign- 
ments for Ford Motor Company and 
Chrysler Corporation. 


It is diff 
sad news about 
Saturday mornin 
after a long il 
she and I had h 
through Spain, 
Morocco with a 
Gibraltar. Tho 
not well then, 
adventure and e 
ened every mome 
always remember 
which made our 
one. I know al 
knew Marion wil 
in sympathy to 
such good care 
last months. 

icult to bring 
a dear friend, 
nk died early 
g, September 16 
Iness. In April 
ad a lovely trip 
Portugal, and 
stopover in 
ugh Marion was 
her spirit of 
nthusiasm bright- 
nt, and I shall 

her wit and charm 
tour a memorable 
1 Bucknellians who 
1 join our class 
Howard who took 
of Marion in her 


Shaub (Virginia Nylund) , 416 
South Scott Ave., Glenolden, 
Pa. 19036 

Dr. J. FRED WEAVER, who has 
taught at Boston University for 
some years, has accepted a tenure 
appointment as full professor at 
the University of Wisconsin 
(Madison) in the Department of 
Curriculum and Instruction of the 
School of Education and the 
Graduate School. His son, Mike, 
entered Bucknell as a Freshman 
last September. 

Summer is over and the school 
year is just getting under way 
as this is being written. Our 
family enjoyed vacation trips to 
Expo 67 (by way of Vermont, and 
Ocean City, N.J.). We did not 
meet any Bucknellians known to 
us on our travels, but in each 
place we saw children and young 
people wearing Bucknell shirts and 
sweaters . 

In August, we visited the 
campus of Lycoming College in 
Williamsport where our son Paul 
begins his college career. While 
in Williamsport, we had a nice 
visit with FRANCES KNIGHTS Skeath 
'32 and MARTHA KNIGHTS Barraclough 
'37. Frances, now Dr. Skeath, is 
head of the mathematics department 
at Lycoming. Martha's son Joe 
is entering Bucknell this month. 


Ziegler (Mabel B. Nylund), 12 
W. Garrison Rd., Parkside, 
Chester, Pa. 19015 

A big, fat thank y 
for news. Marjorie wri 
Ocala, Florida, where h 
BOB '35, is a doctor in 
practice. The Thompson 
boys. Bobby, who gradu 
Florida after winning a 
scholarship, is now mar 
working for a pharmaceu 
Bill is a senior at Flo 
Southern. Michael, an 
grader, plays football, 
and golf, and competes 
cee Golf Tournaments th 

ou for MARJ 
ded my plea 
tes from 
er husband, 

s have three 
ated from 
ried and 
tical firm, 
in the Jay- 

Florida. "I certainly have quite 
an athletic little group here," 
Marj writes, "and they certainly 
don't take after me. My activities 
run in the opposite direction." 
The key words there are "activities" 
and "run." Just look at this... 

The Ocala Women's Club had 
Marj as president. She also ran 
for a seat on the city council 
(the only woman in a slate of 
six) and came in second in a run- 
off. Dramatics have also claimed 
much of Marjorie 's time. Serving 
as president of the Little Theater 
group and playing the lead in 
Auntie Mame are among her contri- 
butions here. Marj says she is 
now serving as president of the 
Community Concert Assn. She 
also coordinates, comments and 
models in fashion shows for worthy 
causes. In her spare (what?) 
time, she does interior decorating, 
and is presently planning to 
embark on a business career- - 
dealing in antique furniture. Is 
it any wonder Marjorie was named 
"Club Woman of the Year" by the 
Ocala press? I'll add the award 
of "Favorite Classmate of the 
Month" for sending such a newsy 

Marjorie says she and her 
family are now southerners and 
Floridians and can't imagine 
living anywhere else. So, those 
of you planning a trip south this 
winter will probably find them 
right there in Ocala. 

Who wants to be next? 


Miller (Mary T. McCrina) , 1492 
Colfax Ave., Benton Harbor, 
Mich. 49022 

It was good to be on the 
campus in June for combined gradua- 
tion and Alumni weekend. The All- 
University Party under the "Big 
Top" was "tops." Try it some 
time. MABEL NYLUND Ziegler '37 
was there for her thirtieth year 
reunion and we recognized each 
other after that many years. 
HARTZELL (both '41) were there 
to attend their daughter ALICE'S 
'67 graduation. Dr. and Mrs. JACK 
WINTER'S daughter LEE ANN was also 
a graduate of '67. Many more 
familiar faces were in evidence but 
in all the coming and going it's 
always difficult to see as many 
as you'd like. That's the way it 
seems to be on big weekends-- 
they ' re over too soon. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Chester T. 

Winters (Elizabeth I. Dyer), 

945 Valley Forge Rd. , Wayne, Pa. 


Last spring, DICK ROSELLE 
slipped my name onto a mailing 
list advertising a dream- -"North- 
west Study Tour of European Design 
1967." We are not at all inter- 
ested in going into a new profes- 
sion, but it was fun to study the 
folder of a work-study tour of 
seven countries of northern Europe . 
Dick was tour director, and he was 
scheduled to be back home in 



raid-July. He is an 
industrial design co 
with his own firm, 
past has done quite 
designing for airlin 
the "airline ticket 
accepted as the worl 
Dick, Eunice, and th 
daughters live at 35 
N.E. , Seattle, Washi 

From the other 
country came more dr' 
much more suited to 
of reality. NORMAN 
sent copies of the m 
edits and publishes 
Living , and his late 
of Country Inns and 

interior and 
nsultant , 
nd in the 
a bit of 
es, including 
form now 
d standard." 
eir three 
34 46th Ave. , 
ngton 98105. 
edge of our 
earn material , 
our chances 
agazine he 
st edition 
Back Roads, 

a charming guide to the Berkshire 
Country of New England. He 
writes knowingly and lovingly 
of the area, and it sounds almost 
as beautiful as Chester County, 
Pennsylvania! Spike, Nancy, and 
their two sons live on West Road, 
Lee, Mass. 01238. He planned 
a trip to Europe this year to 
look for material on old inns and 
new ski areas for another book- 
let. Did you go, Norman? 

An apology to JANE WEIBEL 
Dinsmore (Mrs . PaulJ : The 
January, 1967, issue of the 
Alumnus did not include her son's 
name with last fall's freshmen. 
The Dinsmores live at 120 Milton 
St., Aliquippa 15001, and have 
a married daughter as well as 
Charles, Class of 1970. 

We took our sophomore back 
to the campus in September. How 
experienced they are after one 
year, and how young the new 
freshmen are! 

1941 classmates are parents 
of these 1971 young people: 

William Winfred Livengood, 

Lois Lee Ranck, daughter of 

Christopher Webb Thacher, 


Held (Eleanor Parry) , 2042 
Rockingham St., McLean, Va. 22101 

The summer has flown by since 
our 25th reunion, which is a won- 
derful memory for those of us who 
were able to attend. Class of '42 
(as usual) had the biggest and 
best of all. Congratulations and 
thanks go to our officers and the 
many others who worked so hard to 
make it the marvelous experience 
it was --and sympathy to any who had 
to miss it! It was great to see 
so many old friends and to meet too 
some of their children who are 
present Bucknellians . 

This is my first report as 
class reporter. I hope I'll be 
able to do as fine a job as Anne 
did. I'm sure the lack of news 
this time is attributable to the 
many biographies that were sent 
in for our 25th reunion book. I 
hope that, if you weren't there, 
you've been able to get a copy of 
it and keep up on everyone's doings. 
Do drop me a note any time with 
news of you or your family so I 
can relay it to the Alumnus. I'm 
looking forward to Christmas and 
hoping to get some newsy cards. 

elected to the Board of Directors 
of the Yale University School of 
Nursing Alumnae Association. 


Baker (Helen Rhinesmith) , R.D. 1, 
Lindy's Lake, Butler, N.J. 07405 

WILLIAM H. SCHNURE has recently 
been promoted to superintendent of 
the slabbing mill at the Burns 
Harbor plant of the Bethlehem Steel 
Co. in Chesterton, Ind. Bill has 
been with Bethlehem since 1946 
serving in several locations. He 
was assigned to the Burns Harbor 
plant in 1963 and lives with his 
wife, the former ANNE W. KLOSS 
'45, at 2210 Linden Dr., Valparaiso, 
Ind. 46383. Their number 1 son, 
Frederick Arthur, is a member of 
the Bucknell Class of 1970. In 
fact, there are about four Schnure 
cousins in Bucknell this year. 

RUTH LANDAU, now Mrs. Howard 
M. Benedict, Jr., was elected 
secretary of the Yale University 
School of Nursing Alumnae Associa- 

This time next year the 
groundwork will be laid for our 
silver reunion. If it seems like 
a terribly premature statement, 
it's for the benefit of those who 
wish to plan ahead- -and somewhere 
there must be somebody who does. 

Had a visit from CAROL DAY 
Allen and daughter Martha. Her 
oldest son has just begun his 
pre-ministerial studies at Hope. 

A close friend who spent the 
summer touring the Far East took 
MARY STRAUS Millikin's address 
with her and spent a day with Mary 
and Gene in Pearl City, Hawaii. 
She was welcomed with a lei made 
from blossoms fresh out of the 
Millikin garden. It sorta high- 
lights the fact that there really 
aren't any strangers - -just those 
we haven't gotten around to meet- 
ing as yet. 

Happy holidays ! 



Ewing (Elizabeth J. Wells), 151 

Midland Ave., Tarrytown, N.Y. 


JOSEPH C. DOANE, M.D., now a 
West Palm Beach, Fla. physician 
has joined Project HOPE'S medical 
teaching-treatment mission to 
Cartagena, Columbia. He will 
work for three months as a volun- 
teer aboard the floating medical 
center S.S. HOPE. He had previously 
served with HOPE in Ecuador. 

After graduating from Temple 
University Medical School he 
became a specialist in urology in 
West Palm Beach, Fla. where he 
is on the active staffs of St. 
Mary's and Good Samaritan Hospitals. 


CLi^SS REPORTER: Mrs. Herbert 

Goldman (Tamara Gurvitch) , 370 

Holland Lane, Englewood, N.J. 


Seems that everyone who 
attended our 20th reunion felt 

it was the best to-date, and plans 
were made on the spot to make the 
25th one even better. To achieve 
this, a "let's get acquainted all 
over again" program is to start 
ttiis year with class letters by 
our newly elected class secretary, 
Mrs. York A. France (LIZ CARGILL) 
who lives at 2615 Gordon Street, 
Allentown. But Liz needs your 
help (and so do I!) Our class 
has been much too reticent and 
while I'm told how much everyone 
likes to hear about someone else, 
hardly anyone thinks of writing 
about himself or herself. 

Among this year's graduates 
at Bucknell was ROBERT L. MARKS, 
son of Mr. and Mrs. ROBERT and 
Danville. Young Bob was co- 
captain of the football team and 
attained the rank of 2nd Lt. 
through the R.O.T.C. program. He 
will enter the Intelligence Branch 
of the Army in November. Is 
there anyone else whose children 
are Bucknell graduates? 



Brown (Joann G. Golightly) , 410 

Sherman Ave., Roselle Park, N.J. 


STANLEY E. BRUSH has returned 
to the East Coast and is an 
assistant professor in the history 
department of the University of 
Bridgeport in Conn. Stan and his 
wife, Beverly, have two daughters, 
Cynthia and Victoria, and make 
their home at 22 Woodland Dr., 
Easton, Conn. 

No news from any of you- -can 
this really be a true sign of 
oncoming age? 

As the holiday season 
approaches, let your generosity 
spread to all. 

Health, happiness and hope 
for the future is our wish for you. 


Frazier (Marilyn L. Harer) , 730 
Belmont Ave., Williamsport , Pa. 


VAN DINE, JR. continues in his dual 
role non-stipendary assistant 
minister in the Episcopal Church 
and as an advanced quality control 
engineer for the General Electric 
Co. in Burlington, Vt . His latest 
activity has been the publication 
of an article in the March - April 
on the subject of "Statistical 
Sampling . " 

JIM COMERFORD was recently 
named sales manager of communica- 
tions for Xerox Corporation. 

It is now DR. LYNN M. CLARK, 
if you please. Lynn continues to 
serve in his professional capacity 
as Superintendent of Schools of 
the City of Westfield, Mass. and 
is engaged in many other civic and 
educational activities not only in 
Mass., but throughout the world. 
His latest activity was a con- 
feree on educational innovations 
conducted in Honolulu in July 1967. 

been promoted to professor and 



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Yocum, Jr. (Leah S. Chandler), 
158 West Valley View Drive, 
Exton, Pa. 19341 

HARVEY H. KUHNS, JR. has been 
appointed assistant professor of 
economics, and department chairman 
at the Williamsport Area Community 
College in Williamsport. Harvey 
earned his Master of Science degree 
with our class after graduating 
from Lycoming College with a 
bachelor's degree. He serves our 
class and Bucknell University as 
an assistant class fund manager. 

been named general sales manager 
of Matthiessen and Hegelen Zinc 
Co. In his new position he will 
direct domestic and export sales 
of all the company's products but 
will remain at the Eastern Division 
offices of the company in New York 
City. Bill and his wife, the 
former MARY TICE, and their two 
children live at 47 Woodland Rd. , 
Short Hills, N.J. 07078. 


Nixon (Ann Cooper), 2009 Pulaski 
Rd., New Castle, Pa. 16101 

Just found what a conference 
call is! Thanks to my good and 
generous Pittsburgh correspondent, 
"TRINKY" McNAMARA Albo, originator 
of the call, BETTY MATHER Warren 
and your reporter were tuned into 
the "latest" (at least to us), --a 
multiparty phone conversation 
hooked together from different 
points on the map. Our three-way 
call turned into a who-can-talk- 
louder-and-f aster phone fest! 

Desperate for news, I had 
called "Trink," and she came up 
with this brilliant idea. May I 
suggest the possibilities of such 
calls between friends, but please 
take notes and forward to your 
ever-eager-f or-news reporter. 

"Trink," her husband, Vince 
Albo, pediatric hematologist , and 
their three children, Mike, 12, 
Vincent, 10, and Hettie, 7, again 
journeyed to the Virgin Islands 
this summer, only minus the hur- 
ricane complications reported in 
last year's column. She is now 
back in the swing of the fall 
season serving on the committee 
for the annual Children's Hospital 

Betty and her family live at 
129 Cherry Lane, Berwyn, Pa. When 
her husband, Ken, can take time 
from his practice in urology, he 
likes to travel the golf tourna- 
ment circuit in the amateur status, 
and Betty has furthered her own 


interest in golf to the extent of 
occasionally playing competitively. 
The Warrens will take off later 
this fall for Bermuda where Ken 
plans to compete in the island's 
golf match. However, Betty's 
main interest is still centered 
on her home and brood of four, 
Kenneth, Jr., W. Scott, Cathy, 
and Jeff, ages 10 down to 3. 

Betty also reports that 
within sight of her house live two 
former Bucknellians , DON MANNING 

As we three proved again, 
thanks to the communications 
industry, it certainly is a shrink- 
ing world I 


Rusling (Ruth A. Castner) , 2735 
Edge Hill Rd. , Huntingdon Valley, 
Pa. 19006 

We missed LU HIND Palmore at 
our Fifteenth Reunion, but it is 
a long way from Nagoya, Japan. She 
and her husband are serving their 
thirteenth year as missionaries 
in the United Church of Christ. 
Peyton is busy with the Central 
District Office of the United 
Church as well as a director for 
the Nagoya Christian Boys School. 
Lu teaches conversational English 
at the same school, and physical 
education to girls at The Nagoya 
Internation School. (A school 
which they helped organize.) 
Christy, 10, Paula, 6, Gii^r, 4, 
and Kim, 2, also attend the 
International School. The Palmore 's 
address is #7-10 Daiko cho, Higashi 
ku, Nagoya, Japan. We wish them 
continuing success in their mission, 
and hope they can join us in 1972. 

and Maurice, with children Laurie 
Lee, and Cammie have moved to 
Bayberry Rd. , R.D. 2, Princeton, 

promoted to Head of the Research 
Department at Sperry Gyroscope Co., 
Great Neck, Long Island. Ronnie, 
Patricia, and sons Kenneth, 5, 
David, 3, and Stephen, 1, live at 
4 Fairway Dr., Old Eethpage, N.Y. 

NEFF have announced the arrival of 
Mark, born May 21, 1967. Debbie 
and Karl and family live at 3278 
Afton Rd. , Dresher, Pa. 

Your reporter has just been 
graduated from Temple University 
with her masters in elementary 
education. Bev, 13, and David, 
12, are happy to have a mother 
without a paper due for some 
course. I will put my new found 
degree to work at Germantown 
Academy, where I will teach first 
grade . 


Chambers, Jr. (Barbara Roemer) , 
15 Walden Place, West Caldwell, 
N.J. 07007 

his Master of Education degree at 
Temple University in June 1967 
and is now serving as a State 
Rehabilitation Counselor for the 

New Jersey State Rehabilitation 
Commission in the Jersey City 
office . 


Vance, Jr. (Jane E. Jones), 
4862 Reservoir Rd. , N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20007 

In August, Major GEORGE 
P. REYNOLDS began the 10-month 
regular course at the Army Command 
and General Staff College at 
Ft. Leavenworth, Kans . 


Trumbower (Dorothy Dale) , 412 
East Springfield Rd. , Springfield, 
Pa. 19064 

A new promotion for WILLIAM 
T. DYER has been announced by 
Corning Glass. Bill is now 
manager of advertising in the 
Consumer Products Division of the 
company. He had served previously 
as an advertising specialist in 
the Electronics Division. Bill 
joined the firm in 1963 after 
receiving a graduate degree from 
the University of Pennsylvania. 

Quite a large number of our 
class is living in Northern New 
Jersey. Among them are: 

are living at 6 Deauville Dr., 
Parsippany, N.J. This past summer 
they traveled to California where 
Bob competed as a member of the 
Dapper Dans of Harmony of Living- 
ston, N.J., in an international 
barber shop chorus contest. The 
Dapper Dans became international 
champions. With two children 
(Dirk and Jody) in school, they 
are also active in their local 
PTA with Larrie serving as presi- 
dent and Bob as treasurer. 

ELLIE BETTLE Crane is living 
at 28 Hamilton St., Madison, N.J. 
During the past summer she attended 
the Miami Beach AAUW convention. 
She was Legislative chairman of 
her chapter last year. Ellie is 
also a social worker for a teen- 
age club of the Madison Community 
House. The Cranes have two 
children, Lincoln and Elizabeth. 

BOB ('54) and ANN PROSSER 
POST have moved into a brand new 
home at 1 Toothe Place, Madison, 
N.J., and are very much involved 
in the challenge of getting a 
new lawn and shrubbery to survive. 
Ann is active in the AAUW as its 
Education Implementation chairman 
which means that she recruits 
volunteers to tutor language 
handicapped children. She also 
teaches students in an adult 
school who are seeking high 
school equivalent credits in 
English. Ann and Bob recently 
entertained BRUCE ('54) and 
MARION MOLL LABAR from Kansas for 
a weekend, and enjoyed a camp- 
ing trip to southern N.J. this 
past summer. 

ANN HARRIS Dawson is living 
at 20 Vincent St., Chatham, N.J. 
Ann is active in church work with 
singing in the choir and being a 
World Service Chairman. The 
Dawsons enjoyed a theater party 
in New York City with LOREN and 


Cranford, N.J. and JOHN ('58) and 
to see "Illya Darling." (The 
Keys also traveled to Canada 
where they visited Expo and 
participated in duplicate bridge 
tournaments . ) 

are living at 37 Woodmont Dr., 
Chatham, N.J. During the past 
summer they vacationed at Ocean 
City, Md. and traveled to Canada. 
The Janes get together often with 
of Somerville, N.J. 

Charles and PAT QUINN Behre 
are living at 32 Inwood Rd., 
Chatham, N.J. They have three 
children, Douglas, Jonathan, and 

Also in Chatham are Ryer and 

BUTLER have moved into a new home 
at 214 Vinton Circle, Fanwood, 
N.J. Morey, his father, and 
brother Bill have formed the new 
corporation of Butler Sales and 
Marketing, Inc., which is located 
at 6 Bank St., Summit, N.J. They 
are a sales agency which covers 
the metropolitan New York area and 
deals in cosmetics and related 
items. Among their new test 
products is a hair straightener . 
(How fads have changed since the 

BARBARA RIGG Cotter is living 
on Windwood Rd. , Bernardsville , 
N.J. During the past summer she 
was very much involved in the 
Somerset Hills AAUW art show. The 
profits from this help to bring 
works of art into the schools and 
libraries in the area. The Cotters 
also enjoyed a vacation with their 
three children at Cape Cod in July. 

When our tenth reunion book 
went to press, JIM IZATT was very 
much involved in the war in Vietnam. 
Now safely back, with his wife, the 
former JUDY MILANO, and their two 
sons, Tom and Andy, he lives in 
Virginia. Thanks from all of us, 
Jim and Judy. 


Maul (Billie J. Boyer) , 122 
North Lancaster Ave., Margate, 
N.J. 08402 

HUBS N. PAHREN was awarded 
the Master of Science in mathem- 
atics degree by Fairleigh Dickin- 
son University last June and is 
now serving as a programmer- - 
mathematician for Foster Wheeler 
Corp. He, with his wife, the 
former BARBARA BERGMANN, and their 
two sons live at 28 Parkway 
Village, Cranford, N.J. 07016. 

C. EDWARD HERDER has been 
elected a director of the Inde- 
pendent Mutual Insurance Agents 
of New Jersey. Ed is the manag- 
ing partner of the Chester H. 
Herder 5 Son Agency, serves as 
a director of the Farmers' Reli- 
ance Insurance Co. and has 
earned the Chartered Property 
Casualty Underwriters (CPCU) 
Designation. He and his wife 
and three children live in Three 
Bridges, N.J. 

Just returned from a five- 
year assignment in Venezuela is 

GEORGE E. MORRIS, JR. George was 
director of accounting in the 
Puerto la Couz refinery of Ven- 
ezuela. His new assignment is 
senior staff analyst in the 
comptroller's department in the 
Gulf Oil's Pittsburgh office. 
George reports that he's glad to 
be back in the U.S.A., as is his 
wife Mary and their two children, 
Beth, 11, and Matthew, 6. Their 
present address is 9321 Doral Dr., 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Stephen A. 
Jennings (Patricia A. Head) , 
46 Dumgoyne Dr., Bearsden 
Dumbartonshire, Scotland 

ROBERT B. HEMPHILL was awarded 
the Master of Science degree in 
engineering management by Drexel 
Institute last June. He is serving 
as supervisor of estimating, 
planning and scheduling, and cost 
control for Day and Zimmerman 
Inc. in Philadelphia. Bob is a 
registered professional engineer 
in Pennsylvania and recently had 
an article published in "ARCHITEC- 

completed his year as an Alfred P. 
Sloan Fellowship recipient to the 
Sloan School of Management at 
M.I.T. He has been with U.S. Steel 
Corporation since graduation and 
he and his wife, MARY THURN HUNTER, 
now live at 303 Powder Horn Dr. , 
Valparaiso, Indiana 46383. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. Herbert H. 

Wright (Martha M. Taylor] , 459 

Channing Ave., Westfield, N.J. 


HERBIE and I have just returned 
from an exciting first trip to the 
West Coast, including San Francisco, 
a drive down the coast to L.A., 
four days in Palm Springs, and a 
finale in Las Vegas. We had a 
marvelous time and are recharged 
for the long winter ahead! 

In October after weeks of 
careful thought. Rev. GEORGE and 
family moved to 509 Merwyn Rd., 
Narberth, Pa. 19072, west of 
Philadelphia, where George has 
become minister of the Narberth 
Presbyterian Church. The church 
numbers in the 800 's, has excellent 
facilities, a lovely manse where 
the Callahans reside, and offers 
them many new and challenging 
responsibilities and opportunities. 
We wish them much happiness and 
success in their new undertaking. 

To the envy of us all, BILL 
off to Europe for three weeks in 
July. Included in their itinery 
were Ireland (where they both 
picked up a bit of the old sod) , 
Copenhagen, and Amsterdam. With 
relatives in the latter two spots, 
they really were able to get a 
native's eyeview. 

I received a marvelous letter 
DUPUYs who for the past two years 
have been in the Philippines, at 
Cubi Point U.S. Naval Air Station, 
where Ted performed duties as 

flight surgeon and paramedic. While 
there, they took the opportunity 
to travel to Taiwan, Japan, Thai- 
land, Hong Kong, and the southern 
islands of the Philippines. In 
July they headed back to the U.S., 
namely U. S. Naval Hospital, 
Chelsea, Mass., where Ted will be 
taking a residency in orthopedics. 
On June 26 Ted and Barb welcomed 
Susan Beth to their family of four, 
including Deborah Ann, almost 4, 
and Cynthia 1. Welcome back! 

I hope to hear from many more 
of you in '68. Herbie and I extend 
to you all the warmest wishes for 
a very happy holiday season. 

Oops! Our typist made a slip 
in September's report about Joe 
and GAYLE MYERS Wampler. Joe is 
entering studies at Northwestern 
in pedodontia, child's denistry, 
not podiatry, which has to do with 
feet. Our apologies to all con- 
cerned. We missed that one by 
more than a foot. 

We are proud to tell you that 
Capt. JACK D. MOYER, an Army 
Chaplain, was awarded the Army 
Commendation Medal in ceremonies 
at Long Giao, Vietnam, on Sep- 
tember 16 for his bravery when 
one of the vehicles of a convoy 
struck a land mine and caught 
fire. Jack is now a post Chaplain 
at Fort Benning, Ga. 

NILS G. ANDERSON is a sales- 
man of hospital supplies for the 
MacBick Co. He and his wife, the 
former ANNAMARIE E. NEFF are 
living at 76 S. Fremont Ave., Apt. 
21, Pittsburgh. 


Ott (Jane Dahl), 40 East Pomfret 
St. , Carlisle, Pa. 17013 

Much has been happening to 
the Class of '60 and the mails 
have been heavy--that ' s good! 
Still, many classmates have never 
corresponded and--that's bad! I 
hope to hear from some of those 
long lost Bucknellians in the very 
near future. 

JOHN C. AYRE has been with 
the Bethlehem Steel Corp. since 
1960 and was recently appointed 
general finishing and shipping 
foreman in the bar mills division 
at their Lackawanna plant. He is 
still interested in wrestling 
activities and is a member of the 
American Coaches and Officials 
Ass'n. John lives at 46 Brenton 
Lane, Hamburg, N.Y. with his wife, 
the former Carole Adams and 
their four-year-old daughter, 
Tracy Lee. 

writes from 4677 Square Lake Dr., 
Lake Park, Fla. , where she, husband 
Dean, daughters Melissa, Cynthia 
and Stephanie live on three acres 
on the lake. Dean received his 
masters in August and is now teach- 
ing; Sally substitutes "when the 
spirit moves me." She sent along 
SALLY EISLEY Desmond's Christmas 
letter because, as she said, it 
contained so much news of class- 
mates that it reads like the 
Alumnus 1 

Sally D. leads a busy and 
interesting life while dwelling 
at 116 Malbourne Ave., S.E., 
Minneapolis, Minn. Her husband. 



Richard, plans to teach psychology 
and has been doing rehabilitation 
counseling at St. Paul Rehabilita- 
tion Center and University of 
Minnesota Hospital. Sally's own 
job sounds hectic and demanding; 
she's with the Minnesota Higher 
Education Commission and the respon- 
sibilities are numerous and varied. 
Last year she attended meetings 
in Sante Fe, Chicago, Kansas City, 
Dallas, and Chicago- -Sally ' s no 
stay-at-home 1 The Desmonds also 
journeyed to New England, among 
other places, and the way Sally 
wrote about it made this old New 
Englander feel most sentimental 
and nostalgic- -and hungry for a 
lobster! They had hoped to see 
LINDA WATT Kleid in Conn., where 
she, Bob and children Peter and 
Nina, live but the Kleids were 
visiting in Pittsburgh. They did 
spend a night with DAVID ('59) and 
Bel Air. Three boys, Peter, Scott 
and Timothy keep Jane busy! 

A note from NANCY WHITE told 
of skiing in Canada; Nancy lives 
in Philly and works for the Chapel 
of the Four Chaplains. LU HAIGH 
Esposito was expecting her second 
baby; she and Tony, along with 
little Laurie, live in New Rochelle, 
N.y. MARY JANE LOUIS Hopkins and 
husband, Joe, moved to Denver 
where Mary Jane was to join NANCY 
ANDERSON Carlson on the staff at 
the Denver University Library. Did 
you, Mary Jane? Nancy's husband. 
Chuck, is a professor at Denver 

Stu and JOURD BATES Bacon 
lived outside Rochester, N.Y. with 
three small daughters, when they 
weren't camping. Imagine! Stu 
does market research for the 
Lawyers Cooperative Publishing Co. 
and is circulation manager of "Case 
and Comment," a magazine for 
attorneys. You'll be happy to 
know that it circulates to the 
Otts, Stu! 

Ken and DEBORAH SMITH Menke 
and 3 year old Sarah live in 
St. Louis now where Ken works with 
Monsanto's Agricultural Division. 
Debby is busy remodeling and 
decorating a 26 year old colonial 
style house. 

have two children, Gwen and Billy. 
They have been in the Troy -Albany 
area where Arden was completing 
work on his Ph.D. at Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute. Since he 
finished in January, they are now 
settled in Albany, N.Y. 

Sally's last news was of the 
Bob was in town on business with 
Control Data and called. They 
live in Newport News, Va. now and 
have two children, Dawson and 

Can you believe that one per- 
son relayed all this news? Thanks 
Sally! Well, actually it was two 
people, since Sally D's news was 
forwarded by Sally Fazenbaker. 
Thank you both. 

LYNN BRINSFIELD Elwood writes 
from 327 Parkland Dr., S.E., Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa 52403. They love 
it there, where husband Sud is a 
banker. Lynn and Sud have two 
children, Sutherland Jr., 4, and 
Fawn, 1. They saw Mike and CAM 
MANDERBACH Joseph last fall; they 

live in Annardale, Va. , and have 
two boys, Andy, 4 and IJaniel, 1. 
Mike is with a D.C. law firm. Lynn 
had a letter from BETTY WILLIS 
FERRARA; she and husband, DON '59 
have two daughters now, Lynn 
Elizabeth, born Jan. 5, and Kathleen, 
age 3. They live in Valley Stream, 
N.Y. She also wrote of SALLY COTNER 
Morgan, who lives with husband 
John in Bay Village, Ohio. They 
have a little girl. Tiffany. 

Winnie Wilcox is now Capt. 
is now serving two years with the 
Air Force at McClellan AFB, where 
his home address is 6525 Markley 
Way, Carmichael, Calif. 95608. 
He married Jane Brittain, a nurse, 
in 1962 and has a daughter, 
Elizabeth. He went to Cornell 
University Medical School, received 
his M.D. in '64, interned and 
served his residency at Harrisburg 
Hospital, Harrisburg. He plans a 
residency in anesthesia at Peter 
Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston 
in '68. That's where I was born, 
Winn--say about 30 years ago--no, 
29! Good to hear from you. 

Nelson tells of the birth of their 
first child, Jennifer, on Jan. 10, 
1967. She and her husband Jerry, 
a librarian at Arizona State Univ. , 
live at 3009 N. 35 St. #10, 
Phoenix, Arix. 85018. Janie says 
they'd love visitors; the weather 
is lovely for winter visitors and 
they have a pool to cool off 
summer visitors. 

My most "romantic" corres- 
pondence arrived from SUZIE VAN 
PELT Mau, who changed her name 
on May 13 in Phila. at a most 
unusual wedding! Suzie married 
Ralph C. Mau, whom she had met in 
Honolulu, through BARBIE McDOUGALL 
and Jeff Yamashita. This happened 
three years ago and now Suzie is 
a Honolulu housewife! Her wedding 
was quite an affair, attended by 
McDOUGALL Yamashita and her 
matron-of-honor, FAY CARRINGTON 
Morgan. All the flowers were flown 
from Hawaii and to make it even a 
more exotic traditional mainland 
wedding, the beautiful Hawaiian 
Wedding Song was played. 

Voss has two little girls, Heather, 
2, Kimberle, 6 months. Tliey live 
on Long Island. The newlyweds 
also visited with TED HELVESTON 
'62 and his wife, who was Suzie's 
roommate in Hawaii. Sounds like 
you made a good switch, Suzie! 
Mrs. Ralph Mau may be found at 
1735-B Alaamoarao St., Honolulu, 
Hawaii 96819. 

A prize for the most "Far 
Out Letter" (or should that be "far 
away?") definitely goes to Mrs. El 
Hadj Haoussine, formerly MARGIE 
DE GROOT. Margie met her husband 
in '62 at University of Caen and 
they were married in Algiers 
April 13, 1963. In the interim, 
Margie spent a year working in 
Paris as a bilingual secretary. 
Now things have changed; Margie is 
the mother of two- -daugliter Zohra 
was born Jan. 24, 1964 and son 
Khaled Sohbi who arrived Feb. 6, 

Margie says that living in an 
Arabic country is like being in a 

whole different world; she 
mentioned, in her letter of June 
10, that in "the past few days, 
with this Arab-Israeli business 
and growing anti-Americanism, 
tourism to Algeria is rather 
dubious." And this, of course, 
was before the real crisis. 
Write to Margie at Nouveau Paradow 
3.34, Route de Kaddous , Hydra 
(Alger), Algeria. Good luck to 
you and your family, Margie! 

I had a surprise visit at 
the Day Care Center last spring 
when in walked ED McGINLEY, now 
Dr. McGinley. His wife, Barbara, 
is a friend of a friend of mine 
here in Carlisle. IVhen the 
McGinleys were visiting them, and 
discovered our mutual friendships, 
they popped in while I was serving 
juice and cookies to my young 
charges. Barbara and Ed have two 
children, Scott, 5 and Eileen, 4, 
and have moved to 14237 E. Oak St., 
Whittier, Calif. When Ed was at 
Truax Air Force Base in Madison, 
Wise, he received USAF commendation 
medal for being an outstanding 
commander of a dispensary. Now 
Ed is in private practice- -good 
luck to you. Dr. McGinley. 

Change all mailing lists-- 
it is now BERTRAM C. SIPPOLA, 
Ph.D., Bert having received his 
new degree from the University of 
Kansas in 1957. He is now assistant 
professor of psychology at Louisiana 
State University in New Orleans and 
lives at 332 26th St., New Orleans 
with his wife, the former Katherine 
Harlan and daughter Linda. 


George (Carolann Buquet) , 2443 
Center St., Northbrook, 111. 50025 

Oops. I goofed. I missed 
the deadline for the September 
issue. But take heart, I'll catch 
up this time. 

Living in the Midwest, keeps 
me isolated from most of tlie 
Bucknellians , so it is quite an 
occasion when I get to see somebody 
from the "old 400 acres." This 
summer, however, ANN SMITH BUYS was 
visiting near Cliicago and we 
finally got together. Ann and 
her husband, BOB '59 are living 
at 6109 Wynnwood Rd., Washington 
16, D.C. They have two children, 
Kenny, 5 and Karen, 4, and a new 
house which sounds lovely. Bob is 
working for Davidson, Talbird and 
McLynn in Bethesda, Md. and Ann 
reports they see many BU people 
from that area including DORT MAYS 

And now for the stork depart- 
are now the proud parents of 
Douglas William who made his appear- 
ance on Feb. 20 and from early 
reports, it was rumored that he 
had the nickname of "The Kaiser." 
I assume he was typically demanding 
in those early months. 

also have announced a recent 
addition. His name is Christopher 
DeVere and he was born on May 5. 
The Sheesleys live at 1150 Concord 
Dr., Haddonfield, N.J. 08033. 

SMITH have a new little girl, Lisa 
Diane, born on March 8. Lisa 



joins her brother Douglas Alan, 
who is 2 1/2. 


CLASS REPORTER: Mrs. William E. 

Dickson (Phebe M. Turner) , 203 

N. 34th St., Drexel Institute 

o£ Technology, Phila. , Pa. 19104 

Hi to all of you! I'm sorry 
that the Dicksons had to miss the 
June reunion of the Class of 62, 
but we were moving at the time. 
After spending the summer in Ocean 
City with time out for a wonderful 
trip to Seattle, Wash, and 
Victoria, British Columbia, we 
moved in September to our new 
residence at Drexel Institute of 
Technology in Philadelphia where 
Bill is Director of Housing and 
Assistant to the Dean of Men. We 
are living in the housemaster's 
apartment in the newly completed 
ten-story men's residence hall. 
It will be quite an interesting 
experience, I'm sure! Not to be 
idle, I have joined the commuters 
and I travel to Haddon Township, 
Westmont, N.J. daily to teach 

JAMES C. RILEY, his wife, the 
former M. JANE BURGEE '64 live at 
1960 S. Forest Lawn Dr., Gretna, 
La. 70053. Jim earned his M.D. 
degree at Temple Medical School in 
June and is now serving a medical 
internship at the Charity Hospital 
of Louisiana in New Orleans. 

CARLOS WEIL, JR., has been 
transferred from Chicago to Detroit 
by Atlas Chemical Industries Inc. 
where he is now serving as a 
technical representative in chem- 
ical sales. 

received his Ph.D. from Princeton 
University in September and is 
now a research chemist with Union 
Carbide Corporation in Bound Brook, 
N.J. He and his wife, the former 
ANN SCHWARTZ, live at 311 Mountain 
Ave., Apt. B-1, Bound Brook, N.J. 

One old pal not too far away 
is GINNY RANSOM Doyle. Ginny and 
Rick welcomed a new addition, 
Christopher James, to 62 Ferguson 
Ave., Broomall on April 12. Chris 
keeps them stepping, Ginny assures 
me I 

I was glad to hear from MARY 
LANDIS HUNTER who states that she 
and PHIL '61 are "enthusiastic 
Mainers." Phil is a medical resi- 
dent at Maine Medical Center. The 
Hunters' daughter, Karen Elizabeth, 
is just a year this month. Mary 
included news of the birth of a 
daughter, Kelly Elizabeth to KAREN 
LEWIS and Bob Byrne in March. 
Write to Mary and Phil at 18 Glen 
Ave., Cape Elizabeth, Me. 

LINDA FISHER Farrell sent 
news of an addition to the family. 
Andrea was born on June 1. She 
joins two-year-old Michele. The 
Farrells have a new address: 4356 
Glenhaven Rd., Cincinnati, Ohio 

Belated congratulations to 
the birth of their son, Richard 
John, on March 19, 1966. The 
Gillis' reside at 3650 West Way, 
Sacramento, Calif. 95821. 

Two Bucknellians in Haddon- 
field are RON ('60) and RUTH 

years of business life, Ruth Ellie 
has "retired" to organize their 
first home at 401 Centre St. Ron 
is an instructor and research 
associate at Jefferson Medical 
College where he earned his Ph.D. 
in anatomy. 

I received a quite interest- 
ing letter last spring from the 
former JOAN STERNBERG, now Mrs. 
Michael Thornburg. Michael received 
his Bachelor of Divinity degree 
in June from Episcopal Theological 
School in Cambridge, Mass. While 
they were at the school, the 
Thornburgs lived in the museum 
home of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 
for a year. Joan has been teaching 
French to grades 3-6 in Lexington 
(riding the Concord Turnpike like 
Paul Revere, she said!). Just at 
the time she wrote, Michael had 
received an acceptance from the 
Hartford Seminary for the Ph.D. 

GINNY POND Reed is teaching 
biology in Kenmore, N.Y. while 
husband Dick continues his studies 
at the University of Buffalo Law 
School. They live at 396 Edgewater 
Dr., Apt. 3, Tonawanda, N.Y. 14150. 
Ginny informed me of the marriage 
of ALICE COAN to Robert G. Larsen 
on April 22. Congratulations! 

I have news of an addition to 
the Joseph E. Donatiu family 
(KATHIE METZ) . David Gregory 
joined their household on April 20, 
and Kathie and Joe couldn't be 
more thrilled. The Donatiu's 
would be glad to hear from Buck- 
nellians near them at 431 Marwood 
Rd., Mansfield, Ohio 44904. 

Congratulations to Dr. STEVEN 
HOROWITZ on his marriage to the 
former Susan Pines on June 25. 
Steve is presently in Washington, 
D.C. with the Public Health Service, 
where he and Susan will live for 
the next two years. They hope to 
return to New York in 1969 so that 
Steve can serve his residency in 
a New York hospital. 

stationed in Subic Bay, Philippine 
Islands. His Coast Guard ship is 
assisting the Navy in tactical 
maneuvers in Southeast Asian waters. 
On a port call in Hawaii, he ran 
into KAREN LEWIS Byrnes! Future 
port calls will take him to Vietnam, 
Thailand, Japan, Hong Kong and 
Australia. Best of luck from all 
of your classmates, Steve. Why 
don't you all send a note to Steve 
just to say "hi". I know he would 
appreciate it. His address is 
USCGC Yakutat (WHEC 380), Coast 
Guard Squadron 3, FPO San Francisco, 
Calif. 96601. 


Pope, 153 E. 57th St., New York, 
New York 10022. 





I am 

in f 






If yo 
been c 

it ha 
are pr 

it di 

ive mo 
ted by 
ough I 

u th 
rd t 


in G 


s in 

ink that 
ing a lot 
o keep tr 
ly right 
ult to be 
make the 

been not 

first of 
e many co 

the Big 

my address 

and you 
ack, well, 

I too 
lieve that 
third move 
, the 
ified and 


City, I 


would love to hear from all the 
Bucknellians gathered in the 
asphalt jungle. 

I have noted from a change 
of address card that EVELYN 
MacDOUGALL KLING and husband, JIM, 
are both in the vicinity. Jim has 
been transferred by Walston and Co. 
to their New York office in the 
role of municipal bond trader in 
the city. The Klings are now liv- 
ing at 72 Gales Dr., Apt. 3, New 
Providence, N.J. 07974. 

While I'm located in N.J., I 
would like to take this opportunity 
to announce the stork's delivery 
on April 15 of Lars Theurer Novak 
on the doorstep of proud parents, 
('64) NOVAK... all seven pounds 
worth- -pretty tough work for one 
skinny stork! The Novaks are at 
home at 1180 Main St., Apt. Bl, 
River Edge, N.J. 07661. 

LYNNE DEVINE McCombs also 
writes of the newest addition to 
her and Mike's family--a "he's the 
greatest" son, Scott Allen, born 
last March 23. As if that weren't 
enough for a spell, Mike, who is 
an Air Force dentist, and Lynne 
are busy planning a trip to England 
and France in September. The 
McCombs are stationed at Steward 
AFB, Smyrna, Tenn.--20 miles 
south of Nashville, in case you 
were lost. Address is 302 
Eastland Dr., Smyrna, Tenn. 37167. 

All kinds of old schoolmates 
have been turning up in the last 
two months since I have been back. 
Last night I received a call from 
BOB BRODERICK '61 who is presently 
in a new systems analysis job, 
making millions, in New York City. 
BONNIE ZWICKER got in touch with 
me some time ago when I was living 
in Alexandria, Va. right around 
the corner from her. Unfortunately, 
I was in the middle of moving to 
Georgetown and never did get to 
see her; furthermore, I managed to 
misplace her number. Bonnie? 
Where are you? 

I was a privileged dinner 
guest at the home of BARB POST 
Walton and husband Ed. The occasion: 
a visit from our old sorority 
sister and dear friend BETH WEHRLE 
Smith '64 and husband, Don, on 
vacation from Buffalo. The boys 
discussed politics and the girls 
discussed boys and played with 
Posty's darling, growing-every-day 
baby, Southie. Posty and I are 
both looking forward to the pro- 
posed visit by MARGIE TOMASIAN 
Voth and daughter, Karin, in 

Finally, on a marathon week- 
end excursion, none other than PAT 
MENOUSEK showed up at 4:00 A.M. one 
Sat. morning in Alexandria from 
Atlanta, Ga. I had just gotten 
in myself, so after a few words 
of greeting, we bedded down for a 
couple hours, then caught up 
quickly on the last two years' 
events, and then separated in the 
pursuit of keeping our respective 
dates occupied. The next after- 
noon she was off for the return 
marathon to Atlanta- -whoosh, like 
the ghost rider in the sky. Did 
have time enough to find out that 
Pat is still enjoying 'swinging' 
Atlanta and is planning no further 
moves for the present. 

Also since I've been back. 


long lost buddies have been checking 
in by mail. Last seen at my place 
in Tokyo, SHEILA BROWNE BRUST wrote 
just in time to tell me she was 
leaving the country again--this 
time to follow husband KENNY around 
the Mediterranean. Kenny left on 
the America on Jan. 8 and Brownie 
left on April 14 for Frankfurt, 
Germany. From there, with the wife 
of another Navy man and the Brusts' 
new Volks, the itinerary took in 
Germany, Switzerland and finally 
Italy where the girls would meet 
the boys in Naples. Then, follow- 
ing the ship, they planned to hit 
Barcelona, Genoa, Istanbul, Beirut, 
and so on for the next five months . 
Where they are now is anybody's 
guess, but a reliable address is 
Lt. and Mrs. K. R. Brust, VA-36, 
FPO New York, New York 09501. 

wrote of new and exciting events. 
Seems to be a pattern in our 
correspondence: she writes every 
time a new baby is born and I, 
every time I change locations. 
This time it's a boy, George Jesse 
III born on August 1. Two children, 
substitute teaching. Kappa alum 
activities and planning for the 
Powder Puff Derby in 1971 (what- 
ever that is) are keeping Margie 
busy while husband Jerry is busy 
flying 135 's and turning in a car 
on a plane--A Cessna or a Stinson! 
Would you believe .. .Margie and 
Jerry are "coming home" to visit 
soon and I'd like to say right now 
that if I'm to be in this Puff 
Derby thing. Marge, I want a first- 
hand explanation! Try New York 
please . 

Profound apologies to JANET 
LAFOND whose letter I misplaced 
last year under Z instead of A 
for Alumnus. (Some people should 
be replaced for moves like that!) 
At any rate, Janet has also 
caught the flying bug and is 
wor'King on her license. Last 
adventure I have record of was 
flying a Cessna 182 with boyfriends 
and brothers to Vermont. When not 
flying around the country, Janet 
attends the University of Delaware 
as a graduate assistant, getting 
her MA in English and tutoring 
at the University Writing Center. 
The most permanent address I have 
for Janet at present is her 
parents '- -106 Pembrey Drive, 
Wilmington, Del. 19803. 

I also have apologies to 
BILL BESSELIEVRE whose letter was 
likewise misplaced. Bill has been 
travelling since he left Bucknell, 
first to Puerto Rico as an 
engineering representative for a 
New York firm, then to California 
for a fling, and then with the 
Air Force as a civil engineer to 
Texas, Ohio, North Dakota, Taiwan 
and now back in New York. Bill 
can be reached by writing Lt. W.C. 
Besselievre FV3145924, Box 987, 
Stewart AFB, N.Y. 12550. 

A letter from the parents of 
one of our patriots overseas, 
Capt. ROBERT SANDERS, says that 
Bob is on his second tour of duty 
in Vietnam after spending two 
years at the Supply and Maintenance 
Agency in Orleans, France and 
Zweibrucken, Germany. Bill will 
be acting as signal advisor to a 
Vietnamese battalion. His wife, 


of Orleans , 

will be 
ts until 


St be 

address , 
ton Square , 





States in 
ick's tour 


k, however. 

ary, while 
ion in 


r. Having 
mes to 


I presume 

red as 

s are now 

elly Jean 







f ento- 


formerly Marie Gauthier 
and son, Edward William, 
living with Bill's paren 
he returns. Bill can be 
reached at his family's 
89 Mark Twain Dr., Hamil 
N.J. 08690. 

Former patriots ove 
'61 are now back in the 
Towson, Md., following D 
of duty in Germany, Die 
left for Vietnam in Janu 
Barb was planning a reun 
Hawaii a few months late 
tried in vain several ti 
get in touch with them, 
the Hawaii reunion occur 
scheduled. The Thompson 
four with the birth of K 
on August 23, 1966. My 
address for them is 1405 
Leaf Rd. , Towson, Md. 2 

receiving his Doctor of 
degree from Pennsylvania 
University, accepted a p 
as assistant professor o 
mology at Pennsylvania S 


Raynor (Mary Vasilawsky) , Ft. 
Hamilton, Hamilton Mnr. 138B, 4A, 
Brooklyn, N.Y. 11209 

LYNN KALBERER Dowall is now 
living in Easton. Her husband, 
Richard, is assistant dean of 
students and director of student 
residence at Lafayette College. 
Dick is a candidate for a master's 
degree at Bucknell and served 
last year as assistant to the 
dean of students at Susquehanna 
University. Their new address 
is Nevin Park Apts., Easton, Pa. 

earned his Master of Science in 
education degree in our class 
after graduating from Rutgers lias 
now earned the Doctor of Education 
degree from Columbia University 
Teachers College. Al is guidance 
and counseling training manager 
at Randolph Air Force base in 
Texas . 


Toney, 1200 S. Court Hse. Rd. , 
Dom. PI. 510, Arlington, Va. 22204 

DANIEL A. COOK received his 
LL.B degree from the University of 
Michigan Law School in August and 
is now a member of the law firm of 
Cook § Batista in Lorain, Ohio. 


Olson, Jr. (Pamela McKinley) , 550 
Centre St., Garden Court Apts., 
Nutley, N.J. 07110 

BRYAN V. GILBERT is now an 
Army Second Lieutenant. He 
received his commission upon 
graduation from a 23-week course 
at the Transportation Officer 
Candidate School at Ft. Eustice. 

Presently on assignment in 
Vietnam is Army First Lieutenant 


1923 - Haydn J. lilhite. to MA.i . 

Bitty Stoniacit, kpnll 1, 

1961 . 

Vtla. H. Giavt to Rob tit 

W. KUkzl, Jane 3, 1961. 

Roi-ina V. Tkoma-i, to Vl. 

Robefit Jokmon, July 23, 


Uatlace. A. Kkz tm-im kt to 

CaloZ J. Baagk^A., August 

19, ;967. 

Rtchald Moiiti to Loittta 

M. , ApKtt 29, 1961 . 

Ntli G. AndtKion. to 

AnnamaiA-S. E. Ns-H, Auguii 

26, 1961. 

Dolothta L. Be.ll to Challm 

F. Boyit, Auguit 5, 1961. 

inula HatileXd Sttiicklzi to 

i>)altefi R. Stlllman, October 

1, 1961. 

Robe.Kt H. Raymond, Jt. , 

Eiq. to Canol E. He.niy, 

Auguit n, 1967. 

Suzanne. M. Van ? to 

Ralpk C. Uau, Uay 13, 1961. 

V/i. Joan C. Bziltn to Jamei 

M. Kelly, III, H.P., 

OctobtJi 1, 1961. 

- Ba-iiy R. Sckoiei to JoEllen 
L. Anmantll, Septembe.1 23, 
1961 . 

- Tketma H. Jltu.i to llllll 
Tkompison, 11, NouembeA. 11, 

!962 - Jill A. Balloiil to John G. 
Wefaei, Auguit 12, 1967. 

- Roitmatiy J. Beikalte/i to 
Robe.A.t A. Ho^o/id, Jn. , 
September 16, 1961. 

- A. Viane Badde to Lt. Alden 
B. Ckace, Jn., June 13, 1967 
alio July 1, 1961. 

- Vuilght J. Cnocktn, Jn.. to 
Robeita Vetni, Auguit 5, 

- Notia E. GallaghtK to Ronald 
Dl. Teeple, Sept. 2, 1967. 

- Chltitophei L. Heimann to 
Voiothy E. Wynn, Auguit /9, 
1961 . 

- S. Cu/itiii Mull to Angela 
Cattaneo , Auguit 19, 1961. 

- Pe.tei A. Raetich to Louiie 

1. Uaicotte, Septembei, 1961. 

- Comtance L. Tnealifi and 
Stephen E. UcClymont, 
Auguit, 1967. 

- A. Anna fanlei Caiclato to 
Waltei ¥. Killam, June 30, 
1961 . 

- Nancy L. 
Robeit F. 
29, 1967. 

- Robe/it I/. 
P. Iilaine 
1967 . 

- Geoige V. Uandevllle, Jl. 
to Linda J. Houliy '65, 
Septembei 3, 1961. 

- Captain Steven L. Weemi to 
Suian Steele, Auguit, 1961. 

- Bafibana L. Beit to Htchael 
R. C. Gnandta, June 24, 
1961 . 

- Agnei H. Caitucc-i to Bdwaid 
J. Kunuty, Auguit 27, 1967. 

- Uenedtth A. Ch/itittamon to 
Veten V. Connei, Auguit 26, 

- ailllam A. Cliiiniell to 
Molly Ann Mattein, Auguit 20, 
1961 . 

- Judtth A. flick to B/iuce 
Cannot, June 3, 1961. 

- Amen J. Hllloui, Jn. to 
Judith A. Glancy '66, 



Hendeiion to 
Gleenuiood, July 

Kldd to Shaton 
'64, Auguit 5, 


Jane 24, 1967. 

- Alan G. Ltliaw-itz to 
UcLtijoK-iQ. R. Kaaimann, July, 

- Volltind W. U-Ltlin. to Viand 

I. K/ididltfi, Auguit 5, 1967. 

- jLidtty ?e.te.iLion to Jatmi E. 
Kolulldz. July 1, 1961. 

- Flancdi E. l)lZttmt/i to 
Tkomai A. Kodltl, Auguit 1t, 
1961 . 

1965 - Robdlt L. Coolty, Ji. to 

Banbala A. Hallam '64, 
TtbfLuafiy 1i, 1961. 

- J. Scott Ellii to Ltt 

II, 1961. 

- Catke-tilne R. fnltk to Giant 
L. Uoiiett, Sdpte.mbei 30, 
1961 . 

- COLolt A. Gllbe.n.t to Edmand 
Rockland, June. t4 , 1961. 

- Tkomai S. Haitlli to Jalta 
A. Skanabiook, Apn.ll 11, 
1961 . 

- VoKothy U. Joknion to 
Robt/it P. Buctz, June 14, 
1961 . 

- Sa/iba/ia A. O'Glady to 
TJiacy G. HcG-innt-i, , Apuil 

■ 19, 1961. 

- Haiy E. Vanl-iman to Ronnie 
, L. Scogln, June 10, 1961. 

- Iilayne R. Peh.0 to Voiotky 
Blaiy, febKuaiiy 4, 1961. 

- Wynne T. Vielf, to Linton 

J. Illhlttlei , June 10, 19 61. 

- Linda A. Sllbeig to John 
C. Solemon, Uay 6, 1961. 

- Bonnie E. Smith, to Vanlel 
R. Le4,lle, Auguit 11, 1961. 

- Sui,an T. Spulnge/i to Robefit 
J. Stanbuiy , Augu^it 5, 1961. 

- Suian R. Uimax to Setk V. 
Kellefi, Auguit 11, 1961. 

- BaKtiy R. liltlltK to Ann L. 
PendeJigait, Septembei 9, 
1961 . 

- Pkyllli J. Whellei to 
Rlchald C. Veteiion, July 
19, 1961. 

- EaJil L. Ullion to Suian A. 
Bauei, Auguit, 1961. 

- John ill. filollond, Jn. to 
Kafien V. Holntit, Auguit 
16, 1961. 

1966 - Rlckafid L. Cafinovale to 

Joyce A. Stoneclphen, July 
i, 1961. 

- Hanciy J. Cochlan to Vance 

C. Stiauibulg , June 10, 1961. 

- Eeveily J. EttiMeln to 
Uattheui J. Rlizel, Januany 
11, 1961. 

- floienct H. G/iabet to John 
A. Jongenien, Auguit 19, 
1961 . 

- Nancy J. Gllmm to Jamti L. 
B/ioii, June 3, 1961. 

- John 0. Lutneii to Jo Canol 
Hauiei , Auguit 11, 1961. 

- ChaKlotte E. Moo^ to Veten 
Vocum, September, 1961. 

- Philip W. Steine/i to 
HaKganet E. Smith '61, 
Auguit 19, 1961. 

- Rlchand B. Jodhunten. to 
Helen f. Hazei '61, June 10, 
1961 . 

'- Uaitln J. Vlncentien to 
Balba/ia J. tgee, Septembtn 
9, 1961. 

- Cellnda M. Von Seth to 
Jamci T. Ctaxton, June 14, 
1961 . 

1961 - Michael S. Be/ig to Suzanne 
Feldman '6i, Auguit 11, 
1961 . 

- Judith P. Beaon to Joieph 


Healey, Auguit 11, 1961. 

- Call H. Boehnefi to Pamela 
M. Schfiadel, Auguit 19, 
1961. , 

- LauKe K. B/iouln to Paul A. 
Penck, Auguit 11, 1961. 

- Joitph B. Bfioulne to Maiy 

S. Hamden, Auguit 19, 19 61. 

- Many A. Caiion to Vavld R. 
Goii '6i. 

- Ainold 1/1. Cohen to MaHcla 
E. Schuialtz, Auguit 19, 
1961 . 

- Jamei M. Ba>il to Eileen 

- E. Vale Ehly to Jay Pagano. 

- Rlchald 1. pfieemann , Jn.. 
to Suian R. Schank '66, 
Uay 10, 1961. 

- R. (Illlllam Ganuiood, Ji. to 
Maillyn L. Gociillng , 
Auguit 11, 1961. 

- Robeit 111. Haai to Anne 

L. Jhomai, Auguit 19, 1961. 

- Ellen L. Houieal to Rogel 
C. Tolleiien '6S. 

- Geo/ige B. Johmon to Vlane 
L. Ullltn, Auguit 19, 1961. 

- Stephen ill. Lapham to 
Cynthia Kllby, Auguit 5, 

- Bonnie R. Llnefi to Stephen 
A. Levin, September, 1961. 

- Joan Ueekei to Robeit A. 
BellezzcL, Jane 14, 1961. 

- Peggy Ueamone to Thomai 
A. Penella. 

- Vavld G. Uaiam to Banbana E. 

- Robeit J. Helien to Linda 
J. Peamon, June 14, 1961. 

- Vean K. UoKbeck to Suian E. 
Ha/ibold, July 19, 1961. 

- John J. Pagano, III, to 
Elizabeth V. Ehly, 
Septembei 9, 1961. 

- JoAnn C. Rhodei to Paul P. 
Rhetti '6i, Auguit 16, 1961. 

- Lauinence A. Roit to Balbana 
J. Bofidei, Septembei 13, 
1961 . 

- Vliglnla L. Schaai to 
Thomai Ruiiell, Ji., June 
11, 1961. 

- Vonald P. Scha^nei to 

P. Patnlcla Pellovii, Auguit 
19, 1961. 

- Gaiy V. Shfiey to Patllcla 

A. Bakei, Septembei 1, 1961. 

- Flank H. Skldmoie, J^. to 
Elizabeth A. Jamei '66, 
Auguit 16, 1961. 

- Jamei E. Smith and Suian 
M. Suieetiei, Auguit 19, 
1961 . 

- Suian W. Stiange to lllaiien 

B. Azano, June 30, 1961. 

- Thomai L. VanKlik to 
Geitiude A. Uaikunai '69, 
Auguit 16, 1961. 

- Conitance L. Yodel to 
Vonald M. UcAullUe, June 
14, 1961. 

196i - Ualllyn G. Jonei to Michael 
P. Viapei, Apill 11, 1961. 

- Philip V. »ait to Caila A. 
Heuman, June IS, 1961. 

1910 - Cameion UacLeod, III, to 
Helene A. Hlghmalk, June 
11, 1961. 


1946 - To Uii . and Uii . Vouglai V. 
Iilhlteildzi [Elolie 111 . 
Headland) , a ion, Jonathan 
Headland, Apill 25, 1961. 

1953 - To Vl. and Hii . Max A. 

VanBuiklik, Jl. lUaiy Jane 
Webbei] , a ion, Uaik 
Tianklln, July 11, 1961. 

1954 - To Hi. and Uii. Heibeit J. 

Ahten, Ji. (Jo Etta Fox), 
a ion, Vavld Kevin, June 10, 

19 56 - To Ul. and Uii. Vanlel ill. 

Ely [Patllcla I. Hauic '60] 
tvilm , Ciyitat Lee and 
Vanlel iilllllami , Octobei 1, 
1961 . 

195i - To Vl. and M^i . Vavld P. 

Vlledllne, a ion, Jon Paul, 
July li, 1961. 

1959 - To M^. and Uii. Vavld C. 

Sayei, a ion, Timothy 
Ualihall, July 19, 1961. 

1960 - To Ui. and Ma.4 . Paul 111. 

Kaie, Ji., a ion, Paul ill.. 
Ill, Auguit 14, 1961. 

- To M^. and Uii. Andieiu G. 
Thomi, Ji. [Calole A. 
Biozey] , a ion, Petei C, 
July 14, 1961. 

1961 - To Ui. and Uii. John B. 

Vonahoe, a daughtei, 
Septembei 13, 1961. 

- To M^. and Uii. Althul L. 
Lemkau [Caiol A. Thoin] , a 
daughtei, Uelanle Ann, 
Septembei 11, 1961. 

- To Vl. and Uii. R. Lyman 
Ott, J/i. [Sally J. Clute 
'64], a ion, Cuitli Lyman, 
Feb^aa;it( IS, 1961. 

- To M-i. and Uii. Steven A. 
Smith, a ion, Steven A., II, 
febiuaiy 11, 1961. 

1964 - To Ui. and Uii. Paul J. 
Uendez, a ion, Jonathan, 
Ualch 25, 1967. 


1S99 - Vl. Joieph C. Hazen, 

Auguit 1, 1961. 
1901 - Uii. Roy B. Uulkle [Saiah 

E. Neiblt] [Initltute] , 

Apill i, 1966. 
190i - Vavld H. Blnni , Uay 13, 

1961 . 

1909 - M^i. Jonathan lilolie, II 

[Joiephlne A. Hanklm] , 
June 11, 1961. 

1910 - Raymond Eaituiood, July 10, 

1961 . 

- M-^^ . John G. Thompion 
[Pllicllla R. Haideity] , 
Auguit 1, 1961. 

1911 - Uii. Geoige T. Hlllman 

[Veina A. Iilhltakei] , 
Septembei 5, 1961. 

- John Oian Lyte Roiei, 
July 16, 1961. 

1914 - Uii. flank V. Haiklni 

[Olive U. Coopei], Tall o{, 

- Thomai A. O'Leaiy, Auguit 
)5, 1967. 

;9)5 - Ruaell C. Shlpman [Acad. 

09-11], Septembei 3, 1961 . 

- Eile U. Topham, Au.gaii 29, 

;920 - Robeit B. Smith, Septembei 

10, 1961. 
1911 - Paul S. Gilttnei, Augait 7, 


- Hugh V. Kittle, Uay 19, 
1961 . 

1913 - Alvln F. Julian, July li, 
1961 . 

1915 - M. Agnei Uayei, July, 1961. 

- Uii. iilllllam Spaeth [Alice 
J. Savage), Uay, 1961. 


!927 - Harold C. McCldaJiy , Aagait 
15, 1967. 

- Atbe.A.t E. StiaiLiitK, 
Sepiembet /6, /967. 

1929 - M^. rmdnnick C. Alle.ti, 
June. ;9, 1966. 

- Ckanlzi L. StKe.e.te.1, 
Sepiemfae-t 6, 196Z. 

193) - Wa£tei E. Angitadt, July 
IS, 1967. 

1932 - Jokn S. rzttil, H.V., 

Auguii 16, 1967. 

- Vn.. Haloid L. Foii 
IHono/iafiy] , Auguii 11, 1967. 

1933 - Meye^ H. G.inibe./ig, Auguii 

;0, 1967. 
1935 - M/Li . Howard G. flank (B. 
Marion Rooi) , Sepiembe^ 
)6, 1967. 

- Louiie M. Hoopzi {no date). 
1953 - Lzitzti B. HfLXbttt, July 17, 

1967 . 

John 0. L. Roser '11 

Mr. John 0. L. Roser '11, 
retired General Electric official, 
died on July 26 in Homestead, Fla. 
He was 78. 

Mr. Roser joined G.E. after 
receiving his B.S. degree in 
electrical engineering from 
Bucknell and was assigned to the 
firm's Pittsfield, Mass., plant. 
In 1924 he won the company's Coffin 
Foundation Award for original work 
in sales analysis and, in 1943, 
was named coordinator of G.E. 
activities for the Manhattan 
Project during the early stages 
of atomic-bomb development. He 
was transferred to the Schenectady, 
N.Y., plant in 1944 as assistant 
to the manager of electric utility 
sales . 

While in Pittsfield, Mr. Roser 
was a member of the Rotary Club, 
the Masons, the Berkshire Hills 
Country Club, the First Methodist 
Church and president of the Stanley 
Club. He was credited as being 
largely responsible for the Stanley 
Club's acquisition of its present 
home on Wendell Avenue. 

Mr. Roser was born in 
Woodsboro, Md. , and was educated 
in Maryland schools. He held a 
bachelor's degree in electrical 
engineering from Bucknell and was 
active in the university's alumni, 
having served as president of 
alumni clubs he founded in 
Pittsfield and Schenectady. He 
was alumni trustee of the univer- 
sity from 1946-1951 and had 
recruited more than 100 Bucknell 
engineers for the G.E. test course. 
In 1948 he was made a member of 
the Tau Beta Pi national honorary 
engineering fraternity by the 
university . 

Mr. Roser and his wife, the 
former Edna Miner, moved to 
Homestead upon his retirement from 
G.E. in 1952. 

In addition to his wife, 
survivors include two sons, John 
Jr. '37, of Miami, Fla.; and James 
L. D. '50, of Chatham, N.J.; and 
three daughters, Mrs. Kenneth 
Griffey (Jean Lois '37), of 
Homestead, Fla.; Mrs. George Wedel 
(Dorothy '42), of Dearborn Heights, 
Mich.; and Mrs. Elwood Mayberry 
(Barbara '42), of Pocahontas, Iowa. 

Rev. Dr. 

C. Hazen, Sr. 

'99, H'21 

The Rev. Dr. Joseph C. Hazen, 
Sr. '99, H'21, one of the national 
leaders of the Baptist denomina- 
tion for almost half a century 
died at his home in Summit, N.J. 
on August 1. He was 94. 

Dr. Hazen served as pastor of 
the North Orange Baptist Church in 
Orange, N.J. from 1923 until 1936, 
when he retired from active minis- 
try. He continued in Baptist 
affairs for the next 14 years, act- 
ing as corresponding secretary of 
the American Baptist Convention. 
He was president of the New Jersey 
Baptist Convention from 1937 to 

A native of Beaver County, 
Pa., Dr. Hazen was graduated from 
Bucknell University in 1899 and 
the Divinity School of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago in 1903. The 
degree of Doctor of Divinity was 
conferred on him at a later date 
by both Bucknell and Colgate 
universities . 

Prior to his pastorate at 
the North Orange Baptist Church, 
Dr. Hazen served Baptist churches 
in Kanakee, 111., Janesville, Wis., 
and Peoria, 111. 

In World War II, he was 
chairman of the General Commission 
on Army and Navy Chaplains in 
Washington, and later took an 
active part in establishment of 
the Chaplains Memorial Chapel, 
dedicated in 1948 by Dr. Hazen 
and the late James F. Forrestal, 
at that time secretary of defense. 

Dr. Hazen was honored in 
1950 by 5,000 delegates of the 
Northern Baptist Convention in 
Boston, at a testimonial on his 
"final retirement." 

Dr. Hazen was a member of 
the executive committee and 
General Council of the Baptist 
Ministers and Missionaries Benefit 
Board, the executive committee 
and the Religious Radio Commission 
of the Federal Council of Churches 
of Christ in America and the 
executive committee of the 
Baptist World Alliance. 

He was on the advisory board 
of the American Bible Society, 
president of the board of trustees 
of the International Baptist 
Seminary, and served as a board 
member of the Save The Child Fund, 
in addition to many other state 
and national Baptist committees. 

Surviving are his widow, the 
former Ruth Burchard; two sons, 
Burchard M. of Orange, N.J. and 
Joseph C. Jr. of Summit, N.J.; 
a daughter, Mrs. Robert J. Alesbury 
of Manchester, Conn.; eight grand- 
children and a great-grandson. 

Erie M. ("Tip") Topham '15 

and f 
29 in 

his n 
and p 
won n 

Erie M. "Tip 

r standout Bu 

ootball playe 

Famed for his 
-kicking abil 
ickname while 
east High Sch 
was always "t 

added the "T 
ed through ye 
rofessional p 
ew laurels as 

r, di 
. He 


a St 
ool f 
ops . " 

ars o 


am ' 15 , 
1 baseball 
ed August 

was 78. 
ing and 
, he won 
udent at 
or play 
which he 
f college 
where he 
nsive star. 

A scholarship student at 
Bucknell, he was captain of the 
baseball and football teams in 
his senior year. One of his 
legendary feats was a 90-yard 
punt against the Army Cadets. 
The punt from the Bucknell 10 
bounced into the Army end zone, 
where the tailback was tackled 
for a two-point safety. The 
Cadets in the stands joined in 
the ovation for the Bison punter. 

In the Army during World War 
I , he played football for Camp 
Greenleaf. His coach and co- 
player was Jock Sutherland, 
later coach of the University of 
Pittsburgh and of the Pittsburgh 
Steelers. He also played base- 
ball for a short period with the 
Pittsburgh Pirates, when Honus 
Wagner was a star there. 

Mr. Topham retired several 
years ago after 40 years of 
service with the United Gas 
Improvement Co., Philadelphia. 
He maintained his interest in 
sports through active membership 
in the Bucknell Bison Club and 
coaching activities at the 
Germantown Boys Club. 

His wife, the late C. Ray 
Speare '17, died in 1964. Among 
Bucknellians who survive are his 
brother-in-law, William C. E. 
Speare '20, a niece, Sarah J. 
Speare '60 and a nephew, William 
E. C. Speare Jr. '58. 


Lost your yearbook.-' 

Limited number are avail- 
able—all in A-1 condition— 
at a cost of $3.50 

Look for your year: 

1926, 1927, 1928, 1930, 

1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 

1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 

1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 

1946, 1948, 1955, 1956, 

1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 

1964, 1966, 1967 

Address all orders: 
L' Agenda, 

c/o Clark Maines, Delta 
Upsilon, Bucknell Univer- 
sity, Lewisburg, Pa. 17837. 
Make checks of $3.50 pay- 
able to L'Aoenda. 



In Memory of Dr. Charles M. Bond 

Dr. Charles M. Bond, emeritus 
professor of religion, died early 
Sunday, September 10, in Evan- 
gelical Community Hospital, Lew- 
isburo, after suffering a cerebral 
hemorrhage on Saturday evening. 
He was 78. 

Prior to his retirement in 1959, 
Dr. Bond had served for 34 years 
as professor and chairman of the 
Department of Religion at Buck- 

He had previously for two years 
been director of the School of Re- 
ligion and student pastor at Ohio 
University, Athens, Ohio. Before 
that, for three years, he was pas- 
tor of the Baptist Tabernacle at 

Dr. Bond was born Aug. 8, 
1889, at Marion, Kans. He at- 
tended public schools in Philadel- 
phia and Haleyville, N. Y., and 
was graduated from Peddie Insti- 
tute, now called the Peddie 
School, at Hightstown, N. J., be- 
fore entering Colgate University, 
where he received his bachelor's 
degree in 1917. 

In 1921, he received the bache- 
lor of divinity degree from Crozer 
Theological Seminary, Chester, 
and was ordained in the Baptist 

Colgate conferred the honorary 
degree of doctor of divinity upon 
Dr. Bond in 1938. In 1965, he re- 
ceived a special citation from the 
Peddie School for "distinguished 
service in the field of religion." 

During his career at Bucknell, 
Dr. Bond played a prominent role 
in religious education, both on and 
off the campus, and founded the 
Lewisburg Council of Churches, 
which he served on three different 
occasions as president. 

Survivors include his wife, Eliz- 
abeth Stultz Bond; two sons, Wil- 
liam E. '45, Woodland Hills, 
Calif., and Henry S., Tascola, 
Ohio; and two daughters, Mrs. 
Edward N. Peck (Maribeth '43), 
Riverside, Calif., and Mrs. Nor- 

man D. Gano (Barbara Jane '49), 
Stony Point, N. Y. 

A third son, Dr. Charles M. 
Bond Jr. '42, a member of the 
facultv at the University of Ver- 
mont, died last Feb. 1. 


The follotving column hy Dr. 
Bond appeared in the September 
9, 1967 issue of The Sunhury 
Item, the day preceding the au- 
thor's death. We reprint it here be- 
cause we believe it expresses well 
Dr. Bond's positive view of life. 

"Do not be conformed to this 
world but be transformed by the 
renewal of your mind, that you 
may prove what is the will of God, 
what is good and acceptable and 
perfect." Romans 12:2. 

The pressures upon individuals 
to conform to the standards and 
practices of the major groups to 
which they belong has always been 
a tremendous force in human be- 
havior. Today, in spite of our 
boasts of freedom and indepen- 
dence, we are under heavier pres- 
sures to conformity than has been 
true of many generations. Radio, 
television, magazines, newspapers, 
fads, styles, community customs. 

all point to this fact. If we want to 
be accepted; if we want to get 
ahead, the demands for conform- 
ity to current standards and prac- 
tices are almost irresistible. We 
must act the way "our crowd" acts. 
We must dress according to the 
accepted patterns. We must use 
the current language style. We 
must have what our friends have. 
The details are many and are eas- 
ily supplied. The tragic fact is that, 
in far too many instances, the 
conformity leads us to lower stand- 
ards of living and less worthy prac- 
tices than our better selves can 
approve. But we want to be accept- 
ed, so we conform and take the 

The challenge to us as Chris- 
tians is that we be transformed 
rather than conformed. Such trans- 
formation starts within our own 
minds, but it never stops there. 
We become transformed persons 
in order to do the will of God in 
transforming our world in har- 
mony with His good will. This al- 
ways means a struggle to a higher 
level of Christian behavior; never 
a retreat to lower standards. 

Forgive us, O God, for our too 
easy conformity to the lower stand- 
ards and practices of our world. 
Possess our minds, we pray Thee, 
that we mav be transformed into 
persons who seek, at whatever 
cost, to know and do Thy will. 

Friends and students of Dr. 
Bond were organizing a lecture- 
ship in his name at Bucknell prior 
to his death. They have now des- 
ignated their fund The Charles 
M. Bond Memorial Lectureship. 
Alumni, students, parents and 
friends who wish to make a con- 
tribution may make checks payable 
to the name of the lectureship and 
mail to Development Office, Buck- 
nell University, Lewisburg, Pa. 

rOVEMBER 1967 


The Varied Worlds 
of Bucknellians 

Continued from Page 16 
degree in marketing from Rutgers 
University in 1956. He is married 
to the former Shirley Moore. They 
are the parents of six children. 


Herbert H. Wright '59 has become 
a "double millionaire" in his second 
year as an agent for the National Life 
Insurance Company of Vermont. 
Herb wrote just under $1,750,000 be- 
tween July, 1966, and June, 1967, 
after doing some $1,350,000 in the 
preceding year. He wrote insurance 
on 62 lives in 1967, winning the com- 
pany's achievement certificate. 

Herbert H. Wright '59 

Now a member of the company's 
11th President's Club, Herb was in 
fire and casualty and group life in- 
surance before he joined National 
Life of Vermont. As a fire and casual- 
ty insurance agent, he earned the 
designation of Chartered Property 
and Casualty Underwriter. When he 
was awarded the Chartered Life Un- 
derwriter title in 1966, he became 
one of the few persons in the over- 
all insurance industry to hold both 
professional-level designations. 

He is married to the former Martha 
M. Taylor, class reporter for 1959. 
They are parents of a son, H. Taylor, 
born November 6, 1966. 

Found: One Ring 

There must be a proverb: "Honest 
men are to be found even at long dis- 

Anyway, a letter in French arrived 
at the Alumni Office from the offices 
of Edgar Pelichet & Pierre Freymond, 
Docteurs en droit — Advocats, Nyon 
et Lausanne. This is our translation: 


"My brother found one of your 
university rings in a rented car from 
Geneva. It has been impossible to 
find out who rented this car and lost 
the ring. I am writing to you, for you 
must know whose it might be. 

"The rino is gold with a red stone. 
The red stone is engraved with two 
Greek letters, KE. Around the stone 
are the words Bucknell University. 
On the outside is the date 1960. In 
the ring are the initials of the own- 
er, C. H. G. 

"If you could locate your alumnus 
and give me his address, I will send 
him his ring. 

"Very truly yours, 


Well, the name of Clinton H. Gil- 
kev '60 was sent promptly to Dr. Peli- 
chet. But the end of the story can't 
be written until we hear from Clin- 
ton or Pelichet. 

Moral : Watch those Simcas! 

Top Food Retailer 

Edward M. Glover '49, Midwest 
regional oeneral manager for ARA 
Slater School and College Services, 
has been elected a corporate vice pres- 
ident of the parent company. Automa- 
tic Retailers of America, Inc. ARA 
Slater operates food services for 250 
schools and colleges, more than 40 
of them under Edward's direction 
from the Chicago offices. 

Edward began his career in food 
services as an undergraduate when 
he became official caterer for his fra- 
ternity. Phi Kappa Psi. He took grad- 
uate studies in food service manage- 
ment and quantity food preparation 
at Cornell University and the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. He then operated 
his own catering business for ten 
years in Vineland, N. J. 

After three years with the Wheaton 
Glass Company as a sales represen- 
tati\'e, Ed accepted a similar position 
with ARA. He became regional sales 
manager in 1965. A member of the 
Executives Club of Chicago, he also 
serves as president of the Bucknell 
Alumni Club of Chicago. His wife, 
the former Shirley Rae Schultz '49, 
presently serves as a member of the 
board of directors of The Genera! 
Alumni Association. 

Chicago's Neighborhood 

A Bucknellian long active in the 
Chicago welfare field, Ellsworth R 
Shephard '50, has been named execu 
tive director of the Neighborhooc 
Service Organization. The new uni 
is a consolidation of eight Chicagi 

Ellsworth R. Shephard '50 

social agencies affiliated either wit 
the United Presbyterian Church i 
the U. S. A. or with the Unite 
Church of Christ. Combined, the 
serve 273,000 people of every rac 
and nationality in Chicago. 

In terms of its operating budge 
exclusive of federally financed pre 
ects, U. C. C. S. is the largest of tl 
settlement house groups in the large 
city of the Midwest. Its operatir 
budget will be in excess of $1,10( 
000. Mr. Shephard and his staff ha' 
offices at 127 North Dearborn Stree 

After receiving his B.A. degre 
Ellsworth did graduate work at tl 
University of Pennsylvania and tl 



University of Illinois. He has an ex- 
tensive background in social welfare 
and the urban problems of Chicago, 
including experience at Onward 
Neighborhood House, the Ada S. 
McKinley Community Center and as 
executive director of the Neiohbor- 
hood Service Organization, where he 
served from its inception in 1961 un- 
til his present appointment. He is a 
member of numerous Presbyterian 
groups, as well as a long list of pro- 
fessional social welfare organizations. 

Bucknell Authors 

With an armful of favorable re- 
views on his latest novel. When She 
Was Good, Phil Roth '54 is busy on 
a new book. His latest published ef- 
fort is "The Jewish Blues," a long 
excerpt f r o m a novel - in - progress 
which has been included in New 
American Revieiv. The new paper- 
back is published by the New Amer- 
ican Library, New York, and is de- 
scribed as "a new venture in the little 

Other Bucknellians who have pub- 
lished recent books include Dr. Rich- 
ard Wynn 39, M.S. '46, dean of the 
school of education at the University 
of Pittsburgh; Dr. Edward G. Hart- 
mann '37, M.A. '38, professor of His- 
tory at Suffolk University; and 
Charles E. Mohr '30, M.A. '31, exec- 
utive director of the Delaware Na- 
ture Education Center. 

Professor Wynn's publication is a 
third edition of Elementary School 
Administration and Supervision. Dr. 
Hartmann has authored an historical 
study, Americans From Wales, and 
Mr. Mohr has co-authored The Life 
of the Cave. 

We hope to report more complete- 
ly on all these in later issues. 

Brokerage Executive 

Albert Wadle '52, in charge of the 
St. Petersburg office of Harris, Up- 
ham & Company, Inc., has been elect- 
ed a vice president of the brokerage 
firm. Albert, an assistant vice presi- 
dent since June 1966, entered the 
brokerage field in 1959 following ser- 
vice with Union Carbide and in 
1963, joined Harris, Upham. He ma- 
jored in economics at Bucknell and 
was a member of Lambda Chi. 

Albert Wadle '52 

In addition to his duties with the 
brokerage firm, Albert serves as vice 
president of the Bucknell Alumni 
Club of St. Petersburg, on the St. 
Petersburg Committee of 100, and as 
a member of the St. Petersburg 
Chamber of Commerce. 

University Curator 

Appointed to the newly created 
post of university curator at the Uni- 
versity of South Carolina is Prof. 
Alfred H. Rawlinson '29. He former- 
ly served as director of libraries. 

As university curator, Prof. Rawl- 
inson will be principally concerned 
with university-wide development of 
public display areas in which univer- 
sity treasures will be made accessible 
to viewing by the student body and 
general public. 

The Bucknellian went to South 
Carolina in 1947 as librarian and pro- 
fessor of library science. He received 
his M.A. degree in English from the 
University of South Carolina and the 
B.A. in library science from Emory 

During his tenure as director of 
libraries, two new libraries were add- 
ed, the undergraduate library (in 
1959) and the science library which 
has been opened in the Physical Sci- 
ences Center. 

New Vice President 

Donald P. McHugh '39 was elect- 
ed vice president and general counsel 
of State Farm Mutual Automobile 
Insurance Company at the firm's 
board meeting on September 18. He 
had been vice president-legal for 
State Farm Mutual since joining the 
company in 1961. 

A cum laude graduate of Bucknell, 
Donald received his law degree from 
Georgetown University. He had an 
extensive career in government ser- 
vice before joining State Farm. He 
served from 1956 to 1961 as chief 
counsel and staff director of the U. S. 
Senate Antitrust and Monopolv Sub- 
committee in Washington, D. C. Pri- 
or to that he had worked for the 
Treasurv Department and the De- 
partment of Justice. 

A Correction 

Our apologies to Rebecca Lentz 

In our September issue we report- 
ed Becky was a truck driver, which 
was in error. She is employed by 
Schrader Research and Rating Ser- 
vice as a market researcher and teach- 
er. In her work she travels and is in- 
volved in public relations activities. 
Sometimes she moves mobile vans, 
but this is incidental to her work as 
a market researcher and teacher. 

We regret this editorial error. 

Begins Alumni Duties 

Dr. Melvyn L. Woodward '53 has 
joined the University as Associate Di- 
rector of Alumni Relations. Dr. 
Woodward also will serve as Direc- 
tor of the Institute for Communit}' 
and Industrial Research and Services. 

Formerly associated with the fac- 
ulties of Ohio State University and 
Kent State University, Dr. Wood- 
ward's most recent appointment was 
Associate Professor of Business Poli- 
cy, Organization and Administrative 
Theory at the University of South 
Carolina. He has also served in a 
consultative capacity with several 
major corporations and government 
agencies, and has lectured in numer- 
ous executive development programs. 
He received his MBA and Ph.D. de- 

Continued on Page 39 









"Before 1 came here 1 tvas a flop, a -plain Peanut, a 
failure, hut the past six weeks have heen the most fun 
and at the same time, the most informative I have ever 
spent . . . ." 

"These weeks have been like a Renaissance in our 
lives . . . ." 

"The future looks bright and full of opportunities for 
us in Project Upward Bound at Bucknell University. If 
we take advantage of these opportunities, we can gain a 
storehouse of knowledge we will never lose . . . ." 

THEY are learning. 
They are putting into words new thoughts whose 
stimuli are new people, new ideas, a new environ- 
ment, a new way of looking at the world. 

They are the fifty students enrolled in the second 
year of Project Upward Bound at Bucknell. Dr. Richard 
Wagner, assistant professor of psychology, directs the 
program aimed at motivating high school students iden- 
tified as "under-achievers" who have the ability to con- 
tinue their education beyond the twelfth grade. Thirty- 
six of the students on campus this summer were re- 
turnees, boys and girls from the anthracite coal regions 
(located about thirty-five miles from Bucknell) who had 
completed a summer session in 1966 and weekly "follow- 
up" meetings during the 1966-67 school year. Fourteen 
new students were enrolled from the Milton School Dis- 

"One of the really unfortunate aspects of programs 
such as Upward Bound is that their purpose gets ob- 
scured by the emphasis used in seeking to describe what's 
being tried, what's to be done and for whom," Dr. Wag- 
ner explained. "You know, words such as 'disadvantaged,' 
'under-achievers,' 'cultural deprivation' do have a way of 
stopping thought and conversation. With as little jargon 
as is possible, you can say that we're trving to motivate 
and to provide remedial help where needed for bovs and 

♦ "Going Doxvn, Down, Down" is the title of a famous ballad of 
the anthracite coal miners. Nicholas Bervinchak, Minersville, who 
learned how to mine as a hoy, executed the etching 'at left in 
1940. It is entitled "Dressing the Gangway." Mr. Bervinchak's 
etchings and engravings have heen exhibited in Philadelphia and 
New York. 

girls from the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grades in the 
Mount Carmel and Shamokin School Districts and, this 
year, from the Milton School District. All of these stu- 
dents come from families whose incomes are low and 
whose educational attainments are very limited. We know 
from their school records that each of these boys and 
girls has something on the ball, but they are not show- 
ing that potential in the classroom. So, we're trying to fill 
one of the gaps in their lives by showing them what they 
could do if they wanted, what's attainable if they want 
it, and what the roads are that must be followed to get 
there. And we also help them remedy some of the defects 
in their knowledge, many of which thev acquired by 
simply not caring or knowing." 

Dr. Wagner is a social psychologist. He received his 
B.A. degree from Haverford College and his Ph.D. from 
the University of Michigan in 1963. From 1963 until 
1964 he was a Fulbright Fellow in Chile, serving on the 
facultv of the Universidad Catolica. While there he con- 
ducted cross-cultural research on the nature of inter- 
personal relationships between and among workers in 
selected industries and between and among selected engi- 
neering students. He joined Bucknell's faculty in 1964. 
His chapter on "Small Group Behavior" is included in 
Psychology — The Experimental Approach, by Dr. Doug- 
las Candkmd, professor of psychology. The work is 
scheduled for November publication by McGraw-Hill. 
Dr. Wagner is married to the former Lois Cowell, a 
graduate of the University of Michigan. They are parents 
of three children. 

THE program Dr. Wagner describes in jargonless 
terms has two parts: a seven-week term held on 
campus concurrent with summer school, and a 
program conducted during the school year in e^ch of the 
school districts. The latter phase concentrates on remed- 
ial work and uses Bucknell undergraduates in tutoring 
roles. Undergraduates also work in both phases of the 
program as counselors for the students. A former Deppen 
Scholarship student, George Cravitz '67, serves as one 
of the assistant project directors. A nati\'e of Mount Car- 
mel, George is also a graduate teaching assistant in the 
department of English and is v\'orking for a master's de- 
oree. Mr. Walter Neary, a member of the Shamokin Jun- 
ior High School faculty, is the other assistant director. 



This summer, the second such session held on cam- 
pus, students attended seminars in EngHsh literature, on 
contemporary social problems, and on college life and 
admissions procedures. Thev were also invited to audit 
selected summer school classes, and to attend special re- 
medial workshop sessions in English and mathematics. 
In addition to afternoon recreation periods and free time, 
art and drama workshops were conducted under the di- 
rection of David Armstrong '69 and Miss Ellen Headlev 

Activities for the students included trips to Penn State 
University and the Williamsport Community College, a 
visit to the Lock Haven State College Upward Bound 
program and a two-day field trip to Washington, D. C. 
To provide a "mix" aimed at pointing up differences and 
similarities in the coal regions and the city, fifteen stu- 
dents from the programs at Bucknell and Temple ex- 
changed places for one week. 

"This exchange is very fruitful," Dr. Wagner ob- 
served, "for the slum life of the city is something they 
experience, something they see not on TV or in the 
newspaper, but with their own eyes. And they meet boys 
and girls of their own age who live in this environment, 
who have to confront problems they haven't known. In 
like manner, the boys and girls from the city are able to 
see that others have problems, too, problems sometimes 
even more difficult than those which confront them. May- 
be the pavoff from that brief week of exposure is not im- 
mediate, but it does and will make a difference." 

THE boys and girls who were on that exchange visit 
to Temple did write of their experiences in a news- 
paper produced, written and edited bv the students. 
In the Koal Kracker, one exchange visitor observed: "Al- 
though most of the students were friendly, the general 
atmosphere and location of Temple seemed depressing." 
That same student didn't like the "enforced recreation" 
or the serving of "eggs four times that week." However, 
on the same page, a Temple student observed: "The 
teachers were nice except they asked too many questions. 
Even though Bucknell was nice and everybody there was 
great, I am still glad I am returning to Temple because 
I miss all my friends there." 

A source of commentary on people and programs — 
one editorial exclaimed: "We should be thankful that 
our program is as liberal as it is" — the Koal Kracker pro- 
vided an outlet for some original writing from news to 
short stories and poetry. 

"We are proud of that journalistic adventure which 
the students began. Thev are blunt, pull few punches 
and believe in getting to the truth of the matter. Al 
Jacobs, (Mr. Alfred V. Jacobs, instructor in English) who 
taught our literature and creative writing seminar this 
summer, achieved some rather spectacular results. And 
John Anderson (Dr. John W. Anderson, assistant profes- 
sor of economics) and Jim Sperry (Dr. James Sperry, as- 
sistant professor of history at Susquehanna University') 
did a great job in our social problems seminars. Maybe 
that's what the student from Temple meant by the teach- 

Ahove: Dr. Richard Wagner, center, checks work of student. 
Below: Instruction concerns some intricacies of math. 

ers asking too many questions. Our boys and girls reac 
extensively and intensively this summer, and were pre- 
pared to probe all kinds of problems in literature, in his- 
tory, in economics, in almost every area that problems took 
them in their discussions." 

SOME of the problems discussed focused on drama 
and the theater, for every Thursday night the Up 
ward Bound students attended a performance at the 
area's newest summer attraction, the Landing Playhouse 
in Shamokin Dam. 

"That was a real departure from the routine of life 
for the students. In fact, most of them had never before 
seen a real, live performance by professional actors. And 
this was sustained for seven weeks, or for seven different 
plays in seven different settings, although the actors some- 
times were the same," Dr. Wagner explained. 

"But it wasn't just the plays that made the impact. 
The actors and actresses at the Landing Playhouse be- 
came interested in our program, and they held a little 
seminar for the students after the seventh play. Some of 
the questions which I remember the kids asking were: 
'How do you adapt so quickly from one character to a 
completely different one from one week to the next? 



Ahove: Dr. John Ander- 
son, second from left, con- 
ducts seminar on social 
problems. At left: Tutor- 
ing continues in Saturday 
morning classes. 

4ow did you get started in show business? What are the 
nost difficult roles vou have played?' What impressed me 
vas the relative sophistication of the questions, and how 
nterested and excited the students were as the weeks 
went by. That weekly visit to the theater was verv im- 
5ortant," Dr. Waoner observed. 


The "liberal" aspect of their life on campus — which 
!ill Upward Bound students say they enjoyed — went like 
his: Five Bucknell student-tutor-counselors lived with 
,:he students in each of the female and male residences. 
iFhere were 29 boys and 21 girls in the program this 
iummer. The only restrictions placed on them were that 
hey request permission to leave campus and that they 
36 in their dormitories by 10:30 on eveninos on which 
pare were no planned activities. 

"This is always the first aspect of the program which 
:ritics attack. It usually takes the form of 'You're too soft 
3n them.' My response is simply that we don't want 
these boys and girls to set the idea that college life, or, if 
you will, intellectual endeavor, consists primarily of more 
md more rules. They have plenty of rules now and it 
didn't get them anywhere. If there is persuasive force in 
ideas, if the life of the mind has intrinsic values which 
need no big stick to prove those values, then the trick is 
to get the young people to discipline themselves. In the 
3nd, that is the most effective discipline anyhow, the very 
base on which civilized life is made possible. Admittedly, 
it doesn't always work, and it may even cause some big 
headaches. We have had some headaches, but, in the two 
vears that we have conducted this summer program with 
50 boys and girls in this age bracket, I am pleased that 
our headaches have been far fewer in number than I had 


HAT was the key to the success in the hand- 
ling of the students on campus during the sum- 
mer program? 
"The answer to that is easy," Dr. Wagner responded 
quickly. "The success of the program right down the line 

Students dis 

; admissions with Dr. Warner, seated at center. 

can be credited to the Bucknell undergraduates who have 
literally lived with the Upward Bound students for 24 
hours each dav. Thev give emotional support when need- 
ed, they build and rebuild tattered egos, they provide 
shoulders to cry on, or just some honest, human under- 
standing for a personal problem, however trivial. And 
one of the things I want to note is that the excellent job 
these undergraduates have done, and are still doing, is 
solid evidence of the high quality educational program at 
this University. In fact, I'm pleased that our tutor-coun- 
selors regard this effort as an intrinsic part of their own 
education. They don't miss any opportunities to learn — 
or to teach." 

The Bucknell undergraduates who have won this 
high praise include George Cravitz '67, Shirlev Veenema 
'69, Stephen McConnell '68, Esronald Mizell '70, Wayne 
Walters '69, and Barbara Batzer '69. The Upward Bound 
staff has been augmented now by several more under- 
graduates who provide remedial aid in math and English. 
These students include Jeanne Zang '72, Lois Peoples '69, 
Pat Sontag '69, Vivian McDonough '69, and Christine 
Molinero '69. 

If the undergraduates at Bucknell have done their 
jobs well, so must other young counselor-tutors across the 
nation be performing at a peak of excellence in demand- 
ing roles. Press reports from Washington claimed at the 
outset that "of all the altruistic schemes unveiled by chief- 



tan Sargent Shriver in the War on Povert\', Upward 
Bound was the one voted least hkelv to succeed." How- 
ever, compared to the usual rate of eight percent college 
entrance from the povertv population, a phenomenal 78 
percent of Upward Bound seniors went on to college in 
1966. This year, the rate climbed to 83 percent of the 
1967 seniors — an astonishing figure in view of the fact 
that these students when thev began usually had pretty 
dismal C or C-minus grade averages. In addition, the 
dropout rate for Upward Bound students in their fresh- 
man vear at college was only 12 percent. And most of 
the 250 colleges that gambled on the program by waiving 
standard admittance requirements for Upward Bound 
students are enthusiastic with the results. 

Shirley Veenema '69, tutor-counselor, checks work of students in 
suinnier art seminar. Some student paintings are in hackground. 
Dave Armstrong '69 led Art Worlishop. 

"We are enthusiastic with the results in our pro- 
gram," Dr. Wagner asserted. "Bucknell has admitted sev- 
eral UB students on a regular basis, some from programs 
at other colleges. Two of our boys are now attending a 
fine prep school, repeating their junior year to make up 
for deficits. One of these was a vocational student en- 
tering his senior year and headed nowhere. It now looks 
as if he is headed for a good college. Another student was 
enrolled for a remedial year of work and then two years 
of regular study at Williamsport Community College. 
However, the Office of Education and the OEO began 
programs at several selected small colleges where some 
new teaching methods are to be used. In effect, UB stu- 

dents will receive remedial help first and then accelerated 
studies in a four-year program. Our young man was ac- 
cepted for one of these new programs and is now hard at 


S guidance built into the program? 

"It has to be," Dr. Wagner answered. "This is one of 

the primary tasks with the seniors in our program. We 
help them to select schools and to applv for admission, 
and we write lengthy evaluations for them. We also take 
them for visits to campuses within reasonable commut- 
ing distance. But this is only part of the job. We try to 
get to know each one personallv, trv to see how he sees 
himself or how she sees herself. In that sense, you could 
say we are working intimately in guidance." 

There are some results which have occurred off cam- 
pus. The young people from Mount Carmel and Shame- 
kin, two communities at the center of the depressed an- 
thracite coal regions, organized their own Civic Improve- 
ment Program. Aided and guided by their teachers, they 
set out to prove that not all teenagers are a "bunch of 
hoods," that most young people could devote themselves 
to helping others. 

Thev made their point, by assisting elderly people 
with household chores, by babysitting, painting, cutting 
grass, and reading to the blind. They also undertook a 
venture to help underprivileged children learn skills thej 
hadn't been taught. 

"What this probably means," Dr. Wagner comment 
ed, "is that children still learn many things by example. 
This is a lesson which I am afraid some educators anc 
parents seem to have forgotten." 


HE Upward Bound students don't seem to hav< 
forootten it. jobs may be scarce in the coal regions 
The population may continue to decline, as it hal 
for the past two decades. The hills around their commun 
ities may have been stripped bare of all vegetation in thi 
hungry search for coal. But they have discovered some 
thina new. 



"It's been great," one student imtes of his experienc 
at Bucknell. "That's about the vjost simple way to e> 
■press my complex feelings. What more can I say? Hen 
can I make someone know exactly what I feel? What ca 
I do to show them I am grateful? Ho%v can I thank thet 
for all the pleasure-filled hours and even more so, fc 
those not so pleasant? Yes, more so for those, becaus 
they've taught me more about life than any amount c 
pleasant hours ever can. Those times were rmigh, bi\ 
they made me think for myself about life and the sma 
role 1 play in it. 1 realize I am not a leading charactt 
and that I may never be. Right now that's not importan 
What is important is that I find my true role and act 
as best I can." 




"The academic achievements of these students speak 
best the purpose for which their benefactor endowed the 
Deppen Scholarships at Bucknell." 

The speaker is President Charles H. Watts II at 
ceremonies held Thursday, November 9 in the Mount 
Carmel Area High School in honor of Attorney Joseph 
H. Deppen '00. 

"Few communities in our nation can boast of such a 
richly endowed educational future for its high school 
graduates who can qualify. Mount Carmel is unique in 
its opportunities and in the promise of her sons and 
daughters. And, if we are to judge by achievements to 
date, the foresight of Joseph Deppen included sound 
knowledge of the people among whom he lived. He knew 
that, with help, they could create a better future for 
themselves and for their children. He knew they were 
capable of achievements of which even they may never 
have dreamed," President Watts asserted. 

A native of Mount Carmel, Attorney Deppen died 
at the age of 88 in 1963. He left an estate valued at 
some $2.2 million, approximately $1 million for endow- 
ments of scholarships at Bucknell. In his will be stipu- 
lated that those receiving the benefits of the scholarships 
"shall not be habitual users of tobacco, narcotics, intoxi- 
cating beverages and shall not participate in strenuous 
athletic contests." Recipients also must be graduates of 
Mount Carmel High School and be residents of the 
community for a minimum of ten years. 

A borough of about 10,000 in the anthracite coal re- 
gions, Mount Carmel does and can boast of a solid 

record of victories on the gridiron. From her athletic 
fields have gone hundreds of sons to do battle in college 
and universities — usually via the athletic scholarship. 
But, ever since 1963, Mount Carmel Area Hish School 
can send on to Bucknell all those who qualify for higher 
education and in need of financial aid but who lack the 
added qualifications of athletic prowess. 

The students are doing very well. The first scholar- 
ship holder, David M. Wilkinson '65, graduated with 
magna cum laitde honors and is now enrolled at the 
School of Medicine of New York University. The second 
graduate, George Cravitz '67, transferred from a state 
college, earned dean's list honors in his two years at 
Bucknell and was awarded a scholarship for graduate 
study in English. 

Of the 14 Deppen Scholarship students now at Buck- 
nell, nine were on the dean's list for the second semester 
1966-67, and six of the nine have cumulative averages 
above 3.2. Eleven of the students exceeded the all collese 
mean of 2.703. 

Scholarship students include Richard Getrich, Dor- 
othy Hornberger, Anthony Matulewicz, Michael Sarisky, 
and Mary Slavinky (Class of 1968); Richard Barret and 
Craig Hornberger (Class of 1969); Daniel Buraczeski, 
Matthew Ecker, Dennis Honabach, Halina Parry, Alan 
Roberts, and Leonard Swatski (Class of 1970). Entering 
freshmen include David Barnes, Robert Bolstrum, Gerald 
Breslin, Joseph Shovlin, Virginia Beckno and Judith 

Joseph P. Dep-pen Scholarship students at Bucknell include, seated left to risjit, Leonard Swatski, Mary Slavinski, H(ilina Parry, Virginia 
Beckno and Anthony Mataidewicz. Standing,, Richard Barret, Matthew Ecker, Alan Roberts, Michael Sarisky, Dorothy Homheroer, 
Judith McCoy, George Kravitz, Daniel Buraczeski, Gerald Breslin, Dennis Honahach. Portrait of the late Attorney Deppen is at hack. 




Man on Our Cover 

"The Necessity of Poetry" was the 
title of Dr. C. Willard Smith's Class 
of 1956 Lecture presented on October 
24. The award of the Lectureship is 
made annually in recognition of in- 
spirational teaching and is the gift 
of those who were graduated from 
the University in 1956. 

Dr. Smith has been a member of 
the teaching staff since 1925 when he 
joined the department of English as 
an instructor. He was named profes- 
sor of English literature in 1946 and 
was subsequently appointed chair- 
man of the department. In 1964 he 
resigned as department chairman in 
order to devote his time more fully 
to teaching. 

During his more than 40 years 
here, Dr. Smith has taken an active 
part in University life. In 1944 he 
founded the Institute for Foreign 
Students and for more than 12 years 
served as director of this project 
which annually brings a large con- 
tingent of foreign students to the 
campus for study prior to enrolinig 
in American colleges and universities. 
He was also instrumental in the 
formation of Cap and Dagger, cam- 
pus dramatics group, and is a former 
associate .editor of the Bucknell 
Studies, a scholarly publication now 
known as the Bucknell Review. Dr. 
Smith also serves as secretary of the 

Most recendy, in 1966, a second 
printing was issued of Dr. Smith's 
critical study of Robert Browning's 



t>fikJ^:.^'> -M^iiit*^ 

The arching hranches of the ancient trees on cam-pus are the subject 
of study for a student artist. 


The Varied Worlds 
of Bucknellians 

Continued from Page 3 1 

orces from Ohio State University in 
1*^64. A veteran of two years of ac- 
ti\e duty with the U. S. Marine 
Corps Reserve, he retired in 1961 
with the rank of Captain. 

Presently serving as a member of 
the Board of Directors of The Gen- 
era] Alumni Association of Bucknell, 
Dr. Woodward was chairman of the 
board's Alumni College Committee. 
Co-founder and past president of the 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Central 
Ohio, he has served for the past five 
M'ars as a board member of the Phi 
Lambda Theta Alumni Association. 

The Institute for Community and 
Industrial Research and Services, 
which Dr. Woodward also directs, is 
an integral part of the university. It 
enables Bucknell to provide special- 
ized research, consultation, personnel 
training and other professional ser- 

1 vices which are so often needed by 

' communities and industrial enterpris- 
es in the Upper Susquehanna Valley 

Among the many and varied func- 
tions it is expected to perform are 
materials testing and related prob- 

' lem research commissioned by indus- 
trial enterprises; analyses of produc- 

i tion processes, personnel deployment 
and equipment design; studies of per- 
sonnel management practices, pur- 
chasing, sales, accounting and other 
business operations; and technical as- 
sistance on development of physical 
renewal plans and public service pro- 
grams, their funding and implemen- 

The institute's principal staff re- 
sources will be members of the uni- 
versity faculty in all relevant depart- 
ments. It will give priority to meet- 
ing the needs of communities and en- 
terprises within the immediate re- 
gion, but it is expected that it will be 
able to expand its operations when 
the personnel and facilities for doing 
so are available. 

While initiated by and based at 
Bucknell University, it is hoped that 
the institute will encourage partici- 
pation by other institutions of higher 
education in the region. 

The nature of the institute is such 
that it will not only aid area indus- 
tries and communities, but will also 
meet several needs of Bucknell Uni- 
versity. It is designed to provide pro- 
fessional development opportunities 
for various faculty members, clinical 
or field practice experience for stu- 
dents, and the sharing of research fa- 
cilities with area industries. 

Now associated with Mr. John 
Shott '22, Alumni relations director. 
Dr. Woodward began his new duties 
on September 1. 

He is married to the former Mari- 
lyn Miller. The parents of three 
children, the Woodwards reside at 
119 South Third St., Lewisburs- 

Dr. Melvyn Woodward '53 

Lindback Awards 

Winners of the Lindback Awards 
for distinguished teaching during the 
1966-67 academic year were John S. 
Gold '18, professor of mathematics. 
Dr. F. David Martin, professor of 
philosophy, and Dr. Richard P. Nick- 
elsen, professor of geology. 

Presented at Bucknell for the sev- 
enth straight year, the awards are 
made possible by a grant from the 
Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback 
Foundation. Lindback was a member 
of Bucknell's Board of Trustees from 
1937 to 1950. 

A native of nearby Turbotville, 
Professor Gold received bachelor of 
science and master of arts degrees 

from Bucknell, and has been a mem- 
ber of the faculty for 47 years. Prior 
to coming to Bucknell as instructor 
in mathematics in 1920, he taught 
for one year at Milton High School 
and one year at Towanda High 

Dr. Martin, who has received a 
sabbatical leave for the first semester 
of the current academic year, holds 
bachelor of arts and Ph.D. degrees 
from the Uni\ersitv of Chicago. He 
joined the Bucknell faculty in 1949 
as an assistant professor of philoso- 

He received a Fulbright Grant for 
study in Italy in 1957-58 and 1958- 
59, and is currently working under a 
Lilly Post-Doctoral Fellowship to 
continue his study and writing in the 
relationship between religion and art 
from the standpoint of aesthetics. 

A member of the Bucknell faculty 
for the past eight years. Dr. Nickelsen 
earned a bachelor of arts degree at 
Dartmouth and master of arts and 
Ph.D. degrees from The Johns Hop- 
kins University. 

Currently chairman of the depart- 
ment of geology and geography, he 
spent six years at Penn State before 
coming to Bucknell. Two years ago 
he studied at the University of Oslo 
under a grant sponsored by the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

A Star Performs 

The two performances of Honeg- 
ger's symphonic psalm "King David" 
by Bucknell's department of music 
will feature a performer known to 
millions, Mr. Jack Palance. The per- 
formances will be given on Decem- 
ber 1 in Harrisburg for the Pennsyl- 
vania Music Educators state confer- 
ence and on December 2 in Davis 

A native of Hazleton, Pa., Mr. Pal- 
ance received an Academy Award 
nomination for his performance as 
Jack Wilson in "Shane," and won 
the universal acclaim of critics for 
his Playhouse 90 performance as the 
fighter on the skids in Rod Sterling's 
"Requiem for a Heavyweight." His 
stage performance in "Darkness at 
Noon" and his motion picture roles 
in "The Big Knife," "Sudden Fear" 



and "Panic in the Streets" have won 
him the applause of his professional 
peers. He is now preparing for a new 
movie with Sir Laurence Olivier. 

His connection with Bucknell 
comes via Mr. Kenneth R. Bayless, 
Esq. '42. Ken knows Mr. Palance 
both as a friend and as a client. 
Through Ken's efforts, Mr. Palance 
agreed to be the moderator for Buck- 
nell's production of "King David." 

The background for the narration 
by Mr. Palance will be built around 
the 17-piece woodwind and percus- 
sion ensemble of the Bucknell Sym- 

phonic Band and the 100-Voice Uni- 
versity Chorale, both conducted by 
Mr. Allen Flock, professor of music. 

The symphonic psalm depicts the 
five stages in the life of David. It 
consists of 27 episodes and is done in 
three parts. Bucknell soloists who will 
also be featured include Martha Zel- 
ler. Hazel Gravel and Franklin Del- 

In addition to his performances in 
"King David," Mr. Palance will dis- 
cuss the acting profession with stu- 
dents at Bucknell during his stay on 

Two Bucknell music students, Cordelia Ogrinz '69. left, and Leslie Geer '68, second from 
right, joined Mr. jack Palance and Professor Allen Flock, right, at dinner meeting on 
■performances of "King David." 

Faculty Promotions 

Eleven Bucknell University facul- 
ty members have received promotions 
which become effective at the beoin- 
ning of the 1967-68 academic year. 
They were originally announced last 
June by Dr. Mark C. Ebersole, vice 
president for academic affairs. 

Promotions from associate profes- 
sor to professor were announced for 
Dr. Douglas K. Candland (psychol- 
ogy), Dr. Robert E. Slonaker, Jr. 
(chemical engineering), and R. 
Charles Walker (electrical engineer- 

New associate professors are Dr. 
Jack C. Allen, Jr. (geology), Neil R. 
Anderson (art). Dr. Owen T. Ander- 
son (physics). Dr. Kaith E. Ballard 
(philosophy), Dr. Joseph P. Fell 
(philosophy). Dr. Jack E. Harclerode 
(biology). Dr. John W. Tilton (En- 
glish), and Dr. Hans Veening (chem- 

Recipient of a bachelor of arts 
degree from Pomona College and a 
Ph.D. from Princeton, Dr. Candland 
joined the Bucknell faculty as an as- 
sistant professor in 1960. Author or 
co-author of numerous articles and re- 
search studies, he was promoted to 
associate professor in September, 

Dr. Slonaker received a bachelor 
of science degree from Penn State, 
a master's degree from Bucknell and 
the Ph.D. from Iowa State Universi- 
ty. He has been a member of the 
Bucknell faculty since 1951, and has 
served as chairman of the depart- 
ment of chemical engineering since 

Professor Walker joined the facul- 
ty as an instructor in 1948, was pro- 
moted to assistant professor in 1952 
and associate professor in 1957. He 
was named chairman of the depart- 
ment of electrical enoineerins in 
July, 1966. Professor Walker also 

taught at the University of Michi- 
gan where he received bachelor and 
master of science degrees. 

Recipient of a bachelor of science 
degree from Southern Methodist Uni- 
versity and master of arts and Ph.D. 
degrees from Princeton, Dr. Allen 
joined the Bucknell faculty in 1963 
as an assistant professor. 

Neil Anderson has been a mem- 
ber of the faculty since 1958 and 
holds degrees from St. Olaf College 
and the State University of Iowa. He 
has been granted a sabbatical leave 
for the present academic year. 

Owen Anderson, who also re- 
ceived a bachelor of arts degree at 
St. Olaf College, earned master's and 
Ph.D. degrees from the University of 
Wisconsin. A member of the faculty 
since September, 1961, he also served 
as coordinator of graduate studies 
from 1964 to 1966. 

Dr. Ballard, who is on a leave of 
absence during the coming year, 
taught at Yale and Amherst before 
joining the faculty in 1963. He 
earned a bachelor of arts degree at 
Princeton and master of arts and 
Ph.D. degrees at Yale. 

Professor Fell, who also joined the 
faculty of the department of philoso- 
phy in 1963, previously taught at 
Penn State and earned a bachelor's 
degree at Williams and master's and, 
Ph.D. degrees at Columbia. 

Dr. Harclerode, who came to Buck- 
nell in 1965 after serving three years' 
as assistant professor of zoology at 
Ohio University, received a bachelor 
of science degree at Shippensburg 
State College and master of science 
and Ph.D. degrees at Penn State. 

A member of the faculty for 13 
years. Dr. Tilton received a bachelor 
of arts degree cunt laude from Buck- 
nell and a Ph.D. degree from Penn 
State. ' 

Dr. Veening, who returned from' 
a year's leave of absence, has been 
on the chemistry faculty since 1958. 
A graduate of Hope College, he also 
earned master's and Ph.D. degrees 
from Purdue University. 

International Conferee 

Dr. J. Steele Cow, vice president 
for planning and development at 
Bucknell Universitv, was one of 220, 



educators in attendance at the Third 
International Curriculum Conference 
held September 17-22 at St. Cath- 
erine's College, Oxford University, 

All teachers, advisers and admin- 
istrators in attendance were involved 
in some phase of curriculum devel- 
opment. They represented institu- 
tions of higher learning in the Unit- 
ed States, Canada and the United 
Kinodom. Observers in attendance 
represented Australia, New Zealand, 
Scotland, North Ireland, the Repub- 
lic of Ireland and nations from Afri- 
ca, the Council of Europe and Unes- 
co. The Conference is sponsored 
jointly by The Schools Council, 
London, and the Ontario Institute for 
Studies in Education, Toronto, Can- 

Mr. Alan Bullock, vice chancellor 
of Oxford University and master of 
St. Catherine's College, presided at 
the five-day conference, where the 
main body of work took place in 
small international seminar groups 
devoted to particular aspects of cur- 
riculum development. Each seminar 
had a British chairman and a co- 
chairman from either the United 
States or Canada, all recognized au- 
thorities in their respective fields. 

Dr. Cow, who came to Bucknell in 
1965 from the University of Pitts- 
burgh where he served as director for 
the Learning Research and Develop- 
ment Center, also accepted an invita- 
tion to join a special team of educa- 
tors who visited the pilot-model At- 
lantic College at St. Donat's Casde, 

Now in its fifth year of operation, 
the Atlantic College program is con- 
centrated on international studies 
with its student body and faculty 
drawn from many nations of the 
world. Roughly equivalent to the se- 
nior year of high school and the first 
year of college in the United States, 
the experimental project seeks to 
prepare students for university study 
through an educational experience 
which orients them to the increasing- 
ly complex ties and relationships be- 
tween and among the many nations 
of the world. A second Atlantic Col- 
lege, to be located in Germanv, is 
now in the planning stages, and sev- 
eral others are envisioned for other 

Marlene Scardamalia, a graduate assistant in the department of education, demonstrates 
her teaching skill at the conference on Learning Problems of the Migrant Child. The six- 
day session at Bucknell under the direction of the department of education was one of 
four in state designed to improve educational opportunities for children of migrants. 

countries, including the LInited 

A political scientist, Dr. Cow is 
the author of four books and of nu- 
merous articles on education. For sev- 
eral years he taught at the Graduate 
School of Public Affairs and Interna- 
tional Studies at the University of 
Pittsburgh, where he received his 
Ph.D. in 1951. He served most re- 
cently as a co-editor of The Changing 
American School published in 1966. 

Noted Catholic Scholar 

Dr. Geoffrey Wood, noted Catho- 
lic teacher and writer, has joined the 
Bucknell LIniversitv faculty as as- 
sistant professor of religion. The ad- 
dition to the department of religion of 

a scholar in Roman Catholic studies 
has been made possible, in part, by 
a grant to Bucknell from The Dan- 
forth Foundation. 

The Danforth Foundation was cre- 
ated in 1927 by the late Mr. and 
Mrs. William H. Danforth of St. 
Louis. Its purpose is to strengthen 
education, through its own programs 
and through grants to schools, col- 
leges, universities and other educa- 
tional agencies. 

The grant to Bucknell was made 
as part of the Foundation's continu- 
ing effort to strengthen liberal edu- 
cation by supporting appointment of 
additional faculty members to make 
possible expansion of course offerings 
in colleges with established depart- 
ments of religious studies. 



Dr. Wood has taught at Swarth- 
more College for the past year, and 
prior to that was in Washington, D. 
C, where he served in the dual ca- 
pacities of instructor in theology at 
Catholic University and professor of 
theology and rector of Atonement 

A native of Philadelphia where 
he attended LaSalle High School, he 
received a bachelor of arts degree 
from Catholic University and also 
earned advanced degrees at that 
school and at Gregorian University 
and the Pontifical Biblical Institute 
in Rome. 

Dr. Wood has done considerable 
work in the field of adult education, 
has lectured at a number of ecumeni- 
cal dialogues and conventions, and is 
the author of numerous articles. 

Faculty Authors 

Four Bucknell professors have con- 
tributed articles to recent publica- 

Mr. Donald G. Ohl M.S. '47, as- 
sociate professor of mathematics, is 
amono the distinguished contributors 
to the new 1967 edition of the Ency- 
clofedia Americana. Professor Ohl 
wrote on the subject "Amicable Num- 
bers" for the 30-volume reference set. 

Dr. Harold E. Cook, professor of 
music, Mr. William R. Eshelman, 
professor of bibliography and Uni- 
versity librarian, and Dr. Harry R. 
Garvin, professor and chairman of the 
department of English, are among 
the contributors to the latest edition 
of The Exylicator Cycolopedia, Vol- 
ume I, which deals with modern poe- 

Dr. Cook examines Humphries' 
poem "Little Fugue" from the per- 
spective of a trained musician; Mr. 
Eshelman explicates some possible 
levels of meaning in Eliot's "Geron- 
tion;" and Dr. Garvin probes some 
of the symbols involved in Stein's 

To Conduct Research 

Dr. Robert E. Slonaker Jr. M. S. 
'52, associate professor and chairman 
of the department of chemical engi- 
neering, has received a grant from 
the American Society of Testing and 
Materials for 1967-68. He will study 

single crystals of controlled shape 
and crystallographic orientation 
arown under varying conditions us- 
ing the Bridgman technique. The 
strength and the electrical properties 
of these materials will be examined 
as a function of the rate of crystal- 
lization, the crystallographic orienta- 
tion and, where pertinent, controlled 
changes in the crystal surface condi- 

In previous work of this nature. 
Dr. Slonaker studied the factors af- 
fecting the growth and the mechani- 
cal and physical properties of bis- 
muth single crystals. The present in- 
\'estiaation will extend this study, 
using some of the techniques devel- 
oped, to other low-melting elements 
and chemical compounds. The results 
from the research are expected to 
show that similar detailed investiga- 
tions of high-melting materials are 
not only desirable but feasible. 

Dr. Slonaker's major professional 
interests are in the areas of vapor- 
liquid equilibrium, spray-drying, 
high-temperature calorimetry and sin- 
gle crystal studies. He is the author 
of several published technical papers 
and is a member of the American In- 
stitute of Chemical Engineers, the 
American Society for Engineering 
Education, the American Society for 
Metals, and the Institute of Metals. 
Dr. Slonaker is also a member of Phi 
Eta Sigma, Phi Lambda Upsilon, 
Omicron Delta Kappa, and Sigma Xi. 

Wins NSF Award 

Dr. Paul H. DeHoff, assistant pro- 
fessor of mechanical engineering at 
Bucknell University, has begun a 
research program made possible by 
a grant of $9,400 from the National 
Science Foundation. 

The research project, entitled 
"Nonlinear Creep and Relaxation 
Behavior of Anisotropic Crystalline 
Polymeric Materials," involves stud- 
ies of properties of plastic films and 
fibers such as those used in clothing 
and laundry bags. 

The properties of the films and 
fibers will be studied in pre-processed 
form in an effort to aid manufactur- 
ers in processing them. Dr. DeHoff 
will be aided in the one-year research 
project by John F. Sarnicola, Scipio 

Center, N. Y., who is studying for 
his master of science degree in me- 
chanical ensineerino at Bucknell. 

A native of Dallastown, Pa. Dr. 
DeHoff attended York Junior College 
for one year, received a bachelor of 
science degree in mechanical engi- 
neering and a master of science de- 
oree in enoineerino mechanics from 

O (DO 

Penn State University, and a Ph.D. 
degree from Purdue University. 

He served three years as a mechan- 
ical engineer for Bendix Corpora- 
tion, four years as an instructor at 
Purdue and one year as a research 
engineer for the E. I. dePont de- 
Nemours Company before joining 
the Bucknell faculty last September. 

Announce GPA's 

Grade point averages for the sec- 
ond semester of the 1966-67 semester 
have been announced and are listed 
by student affiliated groups: 

Men's Scholastic Averages 
For Spring Semester '67 

Tau Kappa Epsilon 2.807 

Delta Upsilon 2.704 

Sigma Alpha Mu 2.702 

Phi Kappa Psi 2.599 

Sigma Phi Epsilon 2.575 

Independents 2.573 

Kappa Delta Rho 2.538 

Phi Gamma Delta 2.537 

Lambda Chi Alpha 2.530 

Sigma Chi 2.478 

Phi Lambda Theta 2.474 

Theta Chi 2.446 

Kappa Sigma 2.403 

Women's Scholastic Averages 
For Spring Semester '67 

Alpha Phi 3.009 

Delta Zeta 3.006 

Alpha Chi Omega 3.005 

Phi Mu 2.977 

Independents 2.929 

Delta Delta Delta 2.838 

Kappa Kappa Gamma 2.792 

Kappa Delta 2.737 

Pi Beta Phi 2.612 



Executive Skills 

Contintied from Page 4 
the Ford Foundation and Carnegie Corporation in 1959. 
These reports proposed a reorientation of business educa- 
tion from its vocational character to a more professional 
and humanistic approach. Some progress has undoubtedly 
been made in overcoming the deficiencies cited, but 
change has been slow. In late 1964 a CED report stated:® 

". . . much remains to be done before most schools 
can claim that they have fully met the criticisms raised in 
the late 1950's. 

"Business school faculties need to be strengthened 
further. Research in the business schools still needs more 
support — and more first-rate minds. Many business 
schools still have not opened adequate channels of com- 
munication either with other parts of universities or with 
the business community. Not enough has been done in 
many institutions to add course material that is fresh 
and vital, or to cut away that which is decaying or dead." 

ALTHOUGH the Ford and Carnegie reports focused 
on the undergraduate and graduate levels of busi- 
ness education, there also have been concern with 
the nature and measurement of the shorter, postgraduate 
or continuing type of educational activities normally 
categorized as executive development programs, whether 
offered "in house" or by outside organizations. Here the 
picture appears brighter. A number of corporations and 
educational organizations have demonstrated an increas- 
ing awareness of the public-policy dimension and have 
reacted constructively. 

Several institutions have been offering programs or 
experimenting with structured educational activities de- 
signed to enhance the business manager's ability to meet 
the challenges involved in the political dynamics of a 
changing society. Among these are MIT, Columbia 
Business School. The University of California, and The 
Brookings Institution. 

Since 1960, Brookings has been giving special atten- 
tion to this area. It has developed a series of educational 
programs aimed at improving communication and under- 
standing between executives in business and government. 
These have been conducted in cooperation with major 
corporations, and have varied in structure, content, and 
duration. They have included fellowships, conferences 
and seminars on Federal government operations and poli- 
cy problems, and programs for Federal executives on 
business operations. Participants have ranged from cor- 
porate chairmen and presidents to men in the upper 
strata of middle management. 

On the corporate scene, the International Business 
Machines Corporation in 1960 began exploring means by 
which its most promising managers might better under- 
stand and deal with the changing roles of government 

6. Educating Tomorrow's Managers — The Business Schools and 
the Business Community, a Statement on National Policy by 
the Research and Policy Committee, Committee for Economic 
Development, (New York), October, 1964. 

The late summer sun helps light the continuing work of scholarship 
as another academic year begins. 

and business. The companv built a structured educational 
experience on Federal government operations and policy 
problems into one of its key executive development pro- 
grams. A. T. & T., G. E., Standard Oil Co. (N. J.), Shell 
Oil, Douglas Aircraft, Koppers Co., American Can, 
Corning Glass, Caterpillar Tractor, and others have also 
been engaged in a varietv of substantive programs related 
to public policy problems and processes. 

IT must be concluded then that the environmental 
aspect of the modern manager's job is in dynamic 
flux, and the task ahead for business and educators 
is unquestionably difficult and challenging. Executives 
must not only spend far more time in mastering the 
rapidly evolving conventional aspects of management 
theory, but they must also learn new disciplines. This is 
especially so in those conceptual-skill areas related to 
public policy, for all evidence indicates a greater inter- 
dependence and interrelatedness between busmess and 
government in the future. Time and resources will both 
be limiting factors in dealing effectively with this need 
for an enlarged repertoire of executive skills, vet there is 
no real choice. The failure to equip managerial talent for 
the political and governmental extension of its job may 
well lead to further, more drastic changes in the balance 
of power between government and business. If this is to 
be avoided, both businessmen and educators need to act 
decisively and imaginatively. 



The World of Sports 

By David P. Wohlhueter 
Sports Information Director 

Cage Slate: 'Tough' 

Bucknell's varsity cage team will 
start iis season with a bang by play- 
ing one of the top ranked quintets 
in the country when the Bisons travel 
to Davidson on December 1. 

The opening week could give 
Bucknell rooters a quick preview of 
the toughness of this year's schedule. 
After Davidson, the Bisons travel to 
Wagner, a team that has four out of 
five starters returning from last year's 
outstanding club. Also before their 
first home game, the Bisons take on 
Delaware, a contender for the Middle 
Adantic Conference dde. Finally, the 
first home game will be on December 


9 against Lafayette. 

The Bison quintet will also play 
for the first time this year in the 
LeMoyne College tournament in 
Syracuse, N. Y., on December 28 and 
29 against LeMoyne, Vermont, and 
St. Francis of Brooklyn. 

Only six lettermen are returning 
from last year's team that finished 
11-11. Senior guard John Murphy is 
the only returnee averaging in double 
figures last year at 10.2. Coach Don 
Smith says, "We've lost quite a lot 
of scoring punch from last 3'ear, and 
without a lot of height on the squad, 
our best offense may have to be a very 
aggressive defense." 


The leading rebounder on last 
year's team, 6-6 Craig Greenwood, 
pulled down an average of 10.9 strays 
a game as a sophomore, and Coach 
Smith is counting heavilv on him for 
the same chores, and to help out with 
the scoring from his pivot position. 

"We must stress fundamentals this 
year, like passing, dribbling, and 
most of all, good defense," said the 
Coach. Fitting right into this type 
of game is 5-8 guard Ed Farver, who 
is very quick, and is an excellent ball 
handler who excels on defense. Shar- 
ing the backcourt duties will be jun- 
ior Jim Soller, who is probably the 
best passer on the team. Sophomores 


Vic Cegles and Ed Bondi should also 
help at guard, along with Jim Hin- 
man and Steve Turner. 

Up front, Smith will count on 6-4 
Tom Schneider, a great man on the 
fast break. From the frosh team will 
be last year's leading scorer, 6-4 Jim 
Wherry, who averaged 25 points a 
game. Other candidates in the front 
court will be junior Carl Hohenthal 
and sophomores Jim Isbanez and Don 

Possible weaknesses of the Bisons 
will be lack of consistent scoring and 
rebounding. Several players will have 
to improve their shooting percentages 
for the hardwood men to have an 
effective offense. 

Coach Smith will have his work 
cut out for himself to mold this 
team into an experienced group. 
Other opponents expected to give the 
Bisons a rough go of it are LaSalle, 
Penn State, Rutgers, and Colgate. 

MAC Tank Champs 

Even though the Bison swimmers 
won the Middle Atlantic Conference 
championship last year, this season's 
squad could be better. The Bucknell 
mermen have won the MAC crown 
the past four out of five years, and 
they're looking to make it five out 
of six. 

Only two seniors are missing from 
last year's team. The 1966-67 unde- 
feated freshman team was probably 
the strongest in the University's his- 
tory. Returning freestylers are Co- 
captains Art Eber and Dave Landes, 
along with seniors Milt Grinberg 
and Jim Isaacs and juniors Jay Hass 
and Mike Sinkinson. Sophomores 
making a big bid will be Greg Olson, 
holder of three frosh records, and 
Brian Hiley. 

The 1967-68 team will have only 
five seniors on its roster. There will 
be ten juniors and 12 sophomores. 

Also returning is junior Chuck 
Buffington, 1967 MAC 100 and 200- 

Colonel David W. Hayes, professor of mili- 
tary science at Bucknell who served this 
summer as deputy Commander of the 
Army ROTC Camp at Indiantown Gap 
Military Reservation, pins the insignia of 
rank on newly commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant John S. Rodgers '67. John was top 
scorer for the Bison cagers in his junior and 
senior years, and now ranks among the top 
ten scorers in the history of basketball at 

(U. S. Army Photo) 



j yard backstroke champion. He is co- 
holder of the MAC 200-yard back- 
stroke record with another Bison 
swimmer, Fred Woertman. Sopho- 
more candidates for that event are 
Dennis Eister and Bill Cathcart. 

Returning for the breaststroke 
race will be MAC 100-vard cham- 
pion, Chuck Petzold. Other outstand- 
ing competitors for that event are 
sophomore Tvler Walthers and sen- 
ior Mark Kolman. 

In the butterfly events, junior Bob 
Shoemaker will have company in the 
person of Jeff Wilkinson. Alan But- 
kow is a diver who has shown much 
improvement along with senior 
Thomas Gibson. Junior Dave 
Schmeiske will swim for the Bisons 
in the individual medley, along with 
Walthers and Eister. 

While the Bisons mav be the class 
of the MAC, the schedule continues 
to set stronger and stronger. Coach 
Bob Latour expects strong opposition 
from Army, Pitt, Colgate, Rutgers, 
Syracuse, all outstanding eastern in- 
dependents. The record may not 
show the true power of the 1967-68 
Bison swimmers. 

jOn the Mats 

1 There will be two "firsts" for 
Coach Bill Yeomans and his 1967-68 
.varsity wrestling team. For the first 
time since Yeomans has coached the 
grapplers, he will be able to have a 
man at every weight division. Also for 
the first time the Bisons will have 
more than one man at 123. 

Last year the Herd finished 3-8. 

This year Yeomans feels that they 

ican have a winning season. He says, 

i "This will be a young, inexperienced 

team, but we have great potential to 

become a winner." 

At 123 Ian Brown looks to be the 
I best prospect, although Karl March- 
lenese and Neil Shiffler will give him 


competition. Stanley Czesak, out- 
standing as a freshman at 137, will 
move down to 130. He is very strong 
and aggressive, and Yeomans expects 
big things from him. George Leopold, 
ia regular last year at this weight, has 
difficulty making 130, and may have 
to move up a class. 

The 137-pound class is wide open 
with the failure of Bob Patrick to 
return to school. Bill Schaeffer, an 

alternate on the frosh team last sea- 
son, is a definite prospect. 

The strength of the team beoins 
at 145 where Co-captain Charlie 
Sacavage excels. Charlie was 9-1-1 
last year, and he has his eye on a 
MAC Championship. 

Returning after a fine junior year 
at 152 is George Brinser. He was 
6-3-1. Others competing for a spot 
at this class are senior Bruce Wray, 
junior John Thompson, and sopoho- 
mores Jamie Davis and Thomas Bos- 

Wrestling for the Bisons at 160 
will probably be Ron Mease, who was 
undefeated last year. Craig Butler 
could provide opposition if he recov- 
ers from a knee injury. Yeomans is 
counting on another outstanding 
prospect at 167 in the person of Pete 
Sullivan, up to the varsity from an 
undefeated freshman year. He could 
be challenged by Bill Montgomery, 
who did not wrestle last year but was 
outstanding in high school. 

Co-captain Dick Kaufmann adds 
his veteran talents at 177. Also cap- 
tain of the football team this fall, 
Dick is a great inspirational leader. 
Another candidate at 177 is senior 
Dick Davis. Davis wrestled at heavy- 
weight a year ago. 

The team will still have its prob- 
lems at heavyweight. Cliff Bennett, 
a member of the 1966-67 frosh squad, 
is expected to wrestle in this division, 
but is small for a heavyweight. 

Summer Cage Camp 

This past summer. Bison Basket- 
ball Coach Don Smith conducted a 
seven-day basketball camp on cam- 
pus. Emphasis was on individual in- 
struction for each boy. Participants 
came from four different states. 

Members of the staff were Julius 
McCoy, head basketball coach at 
John Harris High School in Harris- 
burg; John Clark, coach at St. Francis 
College; Bob Davies, former Roches- 
ter great of the NBA; Dave Bing, last 
year's NBA Rookie of the Year; Dan 
Patterson, head coach at Delaware; 
Pete Carill, head coach at Princeton; 
and John Egli, head coach at Penn 

Next year a one-week session is 
planned in June and another one in 
August. For further information. 

contact Coach Don Smith at the 
Bucknell Athletic Office. 



Fri., Dec. 1 Davidson 

Sat., Dec. 2 Wagner 

Wed., Dec. 6 Delaware 

Sat., Dec. 9 Lafayette* 

Wed., Dec. 13 LaSalle* 

Sat., Dec. 16 Lehigh* 

Mon., Dec. 18 Penn State* 

Dec. 28, 29 .. LeMoyne Tournament 

Thr., Jan. 4 Scranton* 

Sat., Jan. 6 F&M 

Wed., Jan. 10 Albright* 

Sat., Jan. 13 American 

Mon., Jan. 29 Colgate* 

Thr., Feb. 1 Gettysburg 

Sat., Feb. 3 Rutgers 

Tue., Feb. 6 W & J* 

Sat., Feb. 10 Delaware* 

Fri., Feb. 16 Westminster* 

Sat., Feb. 17 Lafavette 

Wed., Feb. 21 Penn State 

Sat., Feb. 24 Lehigh 

Tue., Feb. 27 Gettysburg* 

Mar. 1, 4 MAC at Palestra 


Sat., Dec. 9 West Chester 

Wed., Dec. 13 Army 

Sat., Dec. 16 Delaware* 

Sat., Jan. 6 Colgate* 

Sat., Jan. 13 Pitt* 

Sat., Jan. 27 Syracuse 

Wed., Jan. 31 Penn State 

Sat., Feb. 3 Lehigh 

Sat., Feb. 10 LaSalle* 

Sat., Feb. 17 Lafayette* 

Fri., Feb. 23 Rutgers* 

Fri., Sat., Mar. 1, 4 

MAC at West Chester 


Sat., Dec. 9 American* 

Sat., Dec. 16 Delaware 

Sat., Jan. 6 F&M 

Wed., Jan. 10 Gettysburg 

Sat., Jan. 13 Juniata* 

Sat., Jan. 27 Hartwick 

Sat., Feb. 3 Susquehanna* 

Sat., Feb. 10 Colgate 

Sat., Feb. 17 Moravian* 

Sat., Feb. 24 Lafayette* 

Mon., Feb. 26 . Elizabethtown 

Fri., Sat., Mar. 1,2 Lebanon Valley 

* Indicates Home Events. 


Published in January, March, May, SeDtember and Novem- 
ber each year for Alumni and friends of Bucknell University. 
Entered as second-class matter December 30, 1930, at the post 
office at Lewisburo, Pa. 17837, under Act of August 24, 1912. 

Mr. .Villim B. Weist 
52-i Featisy 1 vaaia Street 
Le fiis'iit's , Pa. 1 7 d i 7 



Painting Honors Memory of Anne Louise Church '66 

"Landscape Near Montclair," a painting by K. I. Langdon, has been purchased 
from the Vose Gallery in Boston as a memorial to Anne Louise Church '66. The 
painting, an early 20th century work showing an area near Miss Church's home- 
town, will hang in the formal living room of the new women's residence hall. Pur- 
chase of the painting was made possible by funds provided through the Anne Church 
Memorial Fund. Miss Church died in July, 1966, as a result of injuries suffered in 
an automobile accident. Classmates extend special thanks to all contributors. 

Ill iiSlim MlMll 

The Individual 


The Curriculum 

In Medicine 

MARCH 1968 

Propose Revision in By-Laws 

Alumni are asked to consider a re- 
vision of the Constitution and By- 
laws of the General Alumni Associ- 
ation. The proposed changes will be 
an important item of business at the 
Annual Assembly on Reunion Week- 
end, Saturda\' morning, June 1, 1968. 

Voting on the revision will be the 
delegates and alternates chosen in 
each Alumni Club area by the Alum- 
ni Club President of the area. 

Brieflv, the proposed revisions are 
designed to accomplish two objec- 

1. Provide for at least one Direc- 
tor to serve on the Board of Di- 
rectors and represent each of 
the twenty alumni districts 
into which the United States 
has been divided geographical- 

2. To change the title "Alumni 
Secretarv'' to "Director of Alum- 
ni Relations," to conform with 
the present organizational chart 
of the Uni\'ersitv. 

The revisions on which a vote will 
be taken in June read as follows; 

ARTICLE VI— Directors 
Section 1. The affairs of the As- 

sociation shall be managed by a 
Board of Directors composed of twen- 
tv elected members and five appowt- 
ed members who shall be recruited 
from the membership of the Associ- 
ation for terms of five years each. 
At least five members of the Board 
shall be women. No more than two 
Directors from any one alumni dis- 
trict shall be on the Board at any 
time. The five appointed members 
shall be appointed by vote of the 
Board of Directors. The five appoint- 
ed members shall be added at the 
rate of one each year until a total of 
five shall have been appointed. The 
terms of four members shall expire 
annuallv, except during the period 
of change-over to this prescribed 
basis of election. The Board shall 
accomplish the election of all mem- 
bers on the above basis in the short- 
est practicable time without affecting 
the terms of incumbent Directors. 
The President of the University shall 
be a director, ex officio. 

To conform with present practice 
the Constitution and Bv-laws shall 
be changed from the title "Alumni 
Secretary" in every instance where 
it appears to the title "Director of 
Alumni Relations." 


Vol LIU. No. 4 

March 196S 

Published by Bucknell University 
Lewisburg, Pa. 17837 

Printed for Alumni, parents and friends 

of Biicknell University through the 

cooperation of 

The General Alumni Association 

Andrew W. Mathieson, '50, President 
Robert D. Hunter '49, 

First Vice President 

James E. Pangburn '54, 

Second Vice President 

Donald B. Young '33, Treasurer 

John H. Shott '22, 

Director, Alumni Relations 

Melvyn L. Woodward '53, 

Associate Director, Alumni Relations 

Editor — William B. Weist '50 



Kenneth R. Bayless, Esq. '42, Miss Au- 
drey J. Bishop '45, Douglas W. Burt 
'42, Mrs. Jean (Walton) Clemmer '43, 
Mrs. Pegg)' (Deardorff) Garrett '52, 
H. Keith Eisaman, Esq. '42, Mrs. Rae 
(Schultz) Glover '49, The Rev. Paul 
M. Humphreys '28, Robert D. Hunter 
'49, George N. Jenkins '43, Emil Kor- 
dish '42, Andrew W. Mathieson '50, 
James E. Pangburn '54, Henry B. PufF 
'44, Ra\Tnond E. Shaw '51, F. Porter 
Wagner, Esq. '47, Dr. Meh^n Wood- 
ward '53. 


Continuous Progress Program 2 

The Pre-Medical Curriculum 8 

Community Medicine 10 

Link to Alaska 19 

Varied Worlds of Bucknellians 20 

Around Campus 30 

Club Presidents Back Cover 

The photo at left wasn't taken this 
winter. You are looking east toward 
7th St. on what is now Moore Avenue 
hut which older grads knew as part of 
the "four-mile" walk. Note divided 
roadway. Trees at left have been re- 
moved to widen street. Photo was taken 
hy William Schuyler, assistant professor 
of chemical engineering, emeritus. 

Individual Responsibility in a Free Society 

BEN SHAHN, noted American artist, Thomas J- 
Watson, Jr., chairman of the board of International 
Business Machines, and the Honorable Sol M. 
Linowitz, United States Ambassador to the Organization 
of American States, are among the speakers who have 
accepted invitations to speak at Bucknell's convocation on 
"Individual Responsibility In A Free Society" on May 
3 and 4. Convocation Chairman Dr. Detlev W. Bronk, 
president of the Rockefeller University and a Bucknell 
trustee, has indicated that additional speakers will be 
announced in the near future. 

Invitations to the two-day event are being sent to 
all Bucknell alumni and parents as well as friends of 
the University. The object of the event is to bring to 
the campus a group of outstanding speakers who, by 
addressing themselves to the convocation theme from 
different perspectives, will stimulate a week-end's serious 
discussion by the campus community and invited guests. 

In speaking of the aim of the convocation. Dr. 
Charles H. Watts, Bucknell President, said, "As the 
theme indicates, it is our purpose to testify to the im- 
portance of individual persons assuming responsibility 
for the character and quality of their society. Ours all too 
readily appears to be an era in which large and complex 
organizations, mass cultural movements and powerful 
societal forces so dwarf the individual as to negate his 
sense of personal responsibilitv. We believe that higher 
education institutions like Bucknell have a special obliga- 
tion, both to their current students and to their alumni 
and friends in society at large, to redress the balance and 
to call forcefully to attention the primacy of the per- 
sonal role. The trustees believe that concerned alumni, 
parents and friends of Bucknell will welcome the oppor- 
tunity to hear these issues discussed by persons of out- 
standing qualifications and we most cordially invite our 
alumni, parents and friends to join the campus com- 
munity in this program." 

The convocation theme continues the admonition giv- 
en by President Howard Malcolm in his Baccalaureate 
Address of August 17, 1853. "Go into the world," he 
advised graduates, "not to be mere farmers, lawyers or 

divines, but MEN, and let whatever concerns men, con- 
cern you." 

The formal convocation program includes the fol- 
lowing events: 


Friday, May 3 

1:00 to 8:00 p. m. — Conference Registration — Parents and 
Guests, Freas Hall 

8:30 p. m. — Address: "Intellectual Freedom and Responsi- 
ble Action." Speaker: (To be announced) — Davis Gym 

Saturday, May 4 

9:00-10:30 a. m. — "Social Purpose and the Scientist" 

Speaker: Dr. Frederick Seitz, President, National Acad- 
emy of Science 
Panelists: (To be announced) 
Coleman Hall Theater 

"Social Purpose and the Artist" 
Speaker: Mr. Ben Shahn 
Panelists: (To be announced) 
Vaughn Literature Auditorium 

11:00 a. m. -12:30 p. m. — "The Individual and Public 

Speaker: The Hon. Sol M. Linowitz 
Panelists: (To be announced) 
Coleman Hall Theater 

"The Individual and Business Enterprise" 
Speaker: Mr. Thomas J. Watson, Jr. 
Panelists: (To be announced) 
Vaughn Auditorium 

3:00 p. m. — Academic Convocation 

"Individual Responsibility In a Free Society" 
Speaker: (To be announced) 
Davis Gym 

Following the convocation on Saturday evening will 
be the presentation of "King David" at 8:30 p. m. in 
Davis Gym by the University Chorale, under the direc- 
tion of Mr. Allen Flock. This will be a repeat perform- 
ance of the work which recei\'ed acclaim \'\-hen presented 
in Harrisburg and Lewisburg in December. Cap and 
Dagger will also present William Sarovan's "The Time 
of Your Life" in Coleman Hall Theater at 8:30 p. m. 

march 1968 

A STUDENT, not a class, learns. That's the idea be- 
hind the continuous progress plan, an exciting cur- 
ricular experiment underway at Bucknell Univer- 
sity. Continuous progress, or CPP, began in — and is still 
pretty much confined to — the nation's elementary and 
secondary schools. Two years ago, Bucknell decided to 
extend it to the college level. 

Bucknell's CPP students learn on their own. They 
use a wide variety of materials designed for individual 
instruction. They do not attend regular classes or lec- 
tures, but they are responsible to a particular professor 
who is their teacher. They see him when they want, 
study when they want and choose their examination 
dates. They can take as long — or as short — a time as they 
like, but they must master a subject before they can go on. 

CPP sounds like a soft way to go to college. Study 
when vou want, take tests when you want, move ahead 
at your own pace. What kind of education is that? 

"CPP is education for the student," says Dr. J. Wil- 
liam Moore, education department chairman and co- 
ordinator of the Bucknell program. 

"Continuous progress teaches the student to pace him- 
self and to value personal achievement. The logic be- 
hind the plan is simple. Every college naturally wants 
its students to master subjects rather than simply be ex- 
posed to various disciplines. Unfortunately, time and in- 
dividual ability militate against mastery, even in courses 
where concepts are the content. 

"For example, Joe and Bill both have a semester to 
grasp a set of abstract ideas. But the two are not equal 
intellectually, emotionally or in any other way in which 
human beings can differ. Consequently, they work and 
learn at different rates. While Joe easily earns an A, Bill 
may squeak by with a C or D. Does he really understand 
the material or is he just parroting enough to give the 
professor a twinge of conscience about flunking him? 

"We are concerned with mastery on the student's 
terms. Whether it takes Bill one, one and one-half or even 
' two semesters is secondary to the fact that he has 
I grasped the subject when he finishes. With the tradition- 
al, time-oriented curriculum, a student mav spend a full 
semester simply picking up a few facts. With CPP, he 
; may take longer to learn, but he gets something for his 
' time, effort and money." 

BUCKNELL'S CPP— funded by two grants from the 
Carnegie Corp. — is in its third year. Moore and 
' faculty members spent the first year — 1965-66 — 

, planning. In the fall of 1966, about 135 of the university's 
2,700 students entered CPP courses in philosophy, biolo- 
Igy and psychology. During the second semester, the en- 
rollment jumped to about 400. Last fall, 425 students en- 
rolled in the three CPP courses. Two new courses — re- 
ligion and physics — are being adapted to the CPP for- 
mat. They will be taught for the first time next fall. 

T^is article a-p feared in the Jammry 1968 issue of 
COLLEGE MANAGEMENT. It is reprinted with the 
fermission of the fuhlisher. 

Moore concedes that he met with some skepticism 
when he broached his continuous progress plan. How- 
ever, a substantial number of faculty members were re- 
ceptive to the idea. 

"When we chose faculty members to start CPP roll- 
ing, we really had only one criterion in mind," says 
Moore. "We wanted teachers who were willing to experi- 
ment. It was that simple." 

To determine whether CPP would work in the hu- 
manities as well as the sciences, Moore chose a course 
in each area, notably philosophy and biology. 

Bucknell students take four courses each semester. If 
a course thev register for is taught only by the CPP 
method, they automatically are in continuous progress. 
If not, they are in the standard curriculum. Most students 
are in one CPP course at a time. 

A CPP course is structured in units. When a student 
thinks he has completed the first unit, he presents him- 
self to his teacher and writes an examination. If he earns 
a B, the teacher gives him the materials for the second 
unit and he begins work on that. 

IF a student fails to earn the B minimum, he is not 
summarilv flunked out of the course. Take, for in- 
stance, the student who has earned B's in the first tv^'o 
units, but can't seem to make it in the third unit. De- 
pending on the student, the teacher may: 

Review the student's weaknesses with him and rec- 
ommend that he schedule appointments for tutoring (us- 
ually by the course teacher), after which the student can 
choose another exam date; 

Recommend that he try to approach the material from 
a fresh angle by listening to a taped lecture, reading 
printed material or by watching a film; 

Suggest that the student go back to his original ma- 
terials and review areas where the test indicates he is 
weak. Moore says that though this is by no means the 
ideal solution, it often is used because, at this point, not 
enough audiovisual materials have been developed. 

But, in any case, the student is not permitted to pro- 
gress to the next unit of instruction until he has mastered 
the previous unit. 

When the student receives his new studv material 
after passing a unit examination, he is again on his own. 
Conceivably, he could lock himself in his dormitory room 
and study until he felt he had a good understanding of 
the work. But individual instruction is not necessarily 
as solitary as self-instruction though sometimes it may 
be. Reading, for example, is individual instruction that 
is also self-instruction since the student does the reading 
himself and usually alone. However, most subjects lend 
themselves to other learning modes in addition to or in 
place of reading, such as group discussions and private 
conferences with the teacher. 

FREE as it may sound, the CPP student cannot for- 
get about time completely. Bucknell has set an ar- 
bitrary maximum of two semesters for any given 

MARCH 1968 

"However, some students can complete courses in 
much less time," savs Moore. "If a student has the abil- 
ity, the background, the personal stability and the time, 
is should surprise no one if he finishes a semester's work 
in eioht weeks and goes on. We had two students who 
completed two full courses in one semester. Several oth- 
ers finished earlv in the semester, but decided to devote 
the remaining time to their three other subjects in the 
standard curriculum, rather than to advance in CPP." 

This kind of individual progress, Moore points out, 
would be difficult, if not impossible, in traditional situ- 
ations where the student is held back by his classmates 
and never challenged to personal achievement on his 
own terms and in his own time. 

CPP teachers gave no formal lectures last )'ear and 
they are giving none this year. However, beginning in 
the fall, they do expect to meet with students for what 
Moore calls "coordinated seminars." Ultimately, of course, 
the demands of the study material determine when and if 
seminars actually are used. 

"We do not want the seminars to force a time sequence 
on the individual students," says Moore. "That again, 
would defeat the purpose of continuous progress. 

"Instead, we use the mode of learning that is most 
appropriate to what is being taught. If the assignment is 
to write some prose or a poem, the mode of instruction is 
the teacher himself, since his judgments are required. 
Therefore, the teacher meets with the students singly or 
in a group, whichever is most helpful." 

IF, on the other hand, the assignment is to grasp the 
concept of nationalism and trace its history in a 

state, the teacher may never meet with the students 
to discuss it. Or, if he does, he may develop an aspect 
they had not covered on their own. He may relate na- 
tionalism to contemporary world politics or contrast it 
with the concept of a world federation. 

In this way, he adds something to their knowledge 
without forcing a time sequence on them. They can gain 
from his remarks regardless of what stage they are at in 
their unit work. 

The seminars are designed to accomplish another 
purpose. "With the knowledge explosion pelting us with 
new facts every day, it has become painfully evident that 
there is a great lack in traditional education," says Moore. 
"Students don't know how to learn. In the seminars, the 
teachers will try to demonstrate hov\' they think and how 
they attack a problem." 

The demonstration will not be easy because the 
teacher's approach is at least partially a mental process. 
Too, all the students will not be at the same point in 
understanding the unit work when they attend these 
seminars. Therefore, the teacher will select an area of 
his discipline that is broad enough to interest them all. 
The method he uses to explore this material is the same 
method he wants the student to use in a particular unit 
of work. In effect, the student is encouraoed to do in 
microcosm what the teacher is doing on a larger scale. 

How the teacher demonstrates his approach is, of course, 
up to him and the demands of his discipline. 

THE CPP teacher specifies the materials necessary 
for his course. He may recommend excerpts from 
journals, novels, selections from textbooks, records, 
tapes, slides, films, printed lectures, or anything else that 
he thinks will help the student master the subject. If the 
desired material does not exist, the teacher develops it 
himself. As a general rule, textbooks are avoided as major , 
teaching tools since they tend to impose their own time 
sequences and, therefore, work against CPP. 

In CPP, it is doubly important that the study material 
be clear and comprehensive because the student does not 
have the routine daily contact with his professor. Once 
the study materials are in use the teachers watch the ex- 
amination results. If students are failing to grasp a cer- 
tain concept, the teacher checks the way the material . 
presents that concept. Is it clear, complete, well-written:' 
If not, the teacher looks for a substitute explanation, or 
develops one himself. 


Does CPP force teachers to restructure their courses? 
"It doesn't force them to," says Moore. "Even if they go 
on teaching in the same old tired way, the students will 
still do better than they do in the traditional curriculum. 
We have found, however, that continuous progress stim- 
ulates the teachers and they almost automatically rethink 
and revamp their courses. They realize it is a new ap- 
proach and most of them see the benefit of designing 
content that complements the form." 

CPP students take examinations whenever they feel 
ready, but when present plans are put into effect, few of 
them will take the same test. Already, the biology teach- 
er uses a computer to assemble a new examination for 
each student. Previously, probably when organizing the 
course material, the teacher has compiled a list of ques- 
tions — perhaps 300 — drawn from the unit matter and 
has fed them into the machine. When he wants an exam- 
ination for a student, he "asks" the computer for 20 ran- 
dom questions. The machine makes the choices. 

"We use the computer for several reasons," says Dr. 
Leon Pacala, who as dean of Bucknell's College of Arts 
and Sciences, has worked closely with Moore on the 
continuous progress plan. "First of all, we asked our- 
selves, 'Is spending 15 minutes preparing each student's 
exam the best use of a Ph.D.'s time?' We decided it was 
not. So, we let the computer do it. 

"Second, the computer is completely random in its 
selection of questions whereas the teacher may follow 
certain patterns, stressing certain questions. The comput- 
er introduces an objectivity which adds to the student's 
feeling that he is getting fair and impartial treatment. 

"Computers also correct the examinations. This, again, 
frees the teacher from a time-consuming chore and sives 
him more time to explore the meaning and implications 
of the discipline with his students." 

HOW does continuous progress impress the stu- 
dents? "The comment I hear most frequently," 
says Moore, "is, 'Well, now we're both on the 
same side.' The feeling that the teacher is trying to trip 
up students or pull surprise exams has lessened or com- 
pletely evaporated. It works the other way, too. The game 
no longer is to outwit the professor. It's to learn the ma- 

Bucknell's president, Charles H. Watts, got the same 
reaction from students whom he met casually at his home 

"I asked how they like the CPP and to my great pleas- 
ure, they were almost wildly enthusiastic about it," says 
Watts. "They like the self-pacing. They like being col- 
leagues with their teachers rather than classroom oppon- 
ents. And they like the variety of teaching modes — every- 
thing from tape recordings to in-depth discussions with 
their teachers." 

Watts, too, denies that CPP is soft on students. On 
the contrary, he says, it demands more of them. The re- 
quired B on examinations, for instance, is a cut above the 
average, respectable C. The student must be his own 

"With the knmvl- 
edge explosion felt- 
ing us with new 
facts every day, it 
has hecome fain- 
fidly evident that 
there is a great lack 
in traditional edu- 


Dr. J. William Moore 

teacher, too, in a sense, to assimilate all the information 
that his teacher otherwise delivered in a ready-packed, 
formal lecture. 

It is true that students are not pressed in their CPP 
work. However, the student who wastes his time or 
spends too much on one unit will jam himself up badly 
in meeting the requirements of the standard curriculum. 
And students are aware of this. 

"There is another definite plus in the plan," says 
Watts. "Since the teacher does not have to prepare for 
class or present lectures, he has time to explore the disci- 
pline with his students and give them individual help. 
He can give them more of what he is uniquely qualified 
to give — the overview, the considered comparison, the 
analysis of ideas. 

"This isn't just pie in the sky. Faculty members in- 
volved in the plan have remarked to me that they have 
never before gotten to know so many students so well." 

Students say CPP has affected the way they study. 
One undergraduate summed it up: "We look for the larg- 
er concepts and ideas now, rather than watching out for 
the professor's idiosyncrasies and pet ideas. We find out 
on the exams what we don't know and we go back 
on our own to re-examine those topics." 

"A student left to himself, often lacks the motivation 
to tackle studies, let alone master them," says Pacala. "He 
finds himself, as T. S. Eliot wrote, 'distracted from dis- 
traction by distraction.' No one recognizes this problem 

MARCH 1968 


better than we. And, we admit, ideal solutions are hard 
to come bv. Ultimateh". of course, the decision to studv 
belongs to the student alone. But, since he has come to 
college, he probablv has at least a positi\e attitude toward 

GI\ EX that orientation, the obvious motivations for 
the student are that he must earn a B minimum 
on his tests, that he must take a specified number 
of tests each semester, and that he is expected to complete 
his college education in four ^■ears. 

However, there are subtler spurs to studv. as Bucknell 
students themselves point out. Thev say that in CPP thev 
feel thev control their own fate. Thev are responsible for 
what happens. And this, apparendv. creates an ambition 
to studv because thev see a fair chance of earning a su- 
perior grade. 

Continuous progress is not without its peculiar prob- 
lems. Perhaps the major one is the administrative paper- 
work needed to keep tabs on the student's progress. 

This became apparent last spring when over 300 stu- 
dent enrolled in a CPP philosophv sequence. Enrollment 
was spread over the gamut of philosophv courses. Until 
the end of the semester, the college didn't know how 
far anvone had gone in the sequence, since each student 
was progressing at his owti pace. At the end of the se- 
mester, things became clearer as credit \vas given for 
completed courses, incompletes for courses still in prog- 
ress, and, in a few- cases, failures for students who had 
not attained the minimum B grade. 

"When you consider these administrati\e and cleri- 
cal aspects," says Pacala, ''it is ob\'ious that CPP tremen- 
dously complicates Ufe for the registrar, the dean and the 
facultv" member. There never is a point at which he can 
honesdv sav the course is over. Students mav still be work- 
ing at the course even after the semester is over." 

One of the chief aims this year — the third year of 
CPP — is to analyze the cost of the plan and determine 
whether the increased administrati\"e burden is financial- 
ly feasible on a standard operating basis. 

MOORE hopes to reduce the paperwork burden with 
the increased use of computers and other ma- 
chines and systems for record-keeping. But he is 
not really worried about it. 

"Increased paperwork is endemic to a program like 
CPP," says Moore. "But, as long as we are getting a bet- 
ter-educated student and the cost is not prohibitively 
high, we won't let paperwork deter us." 

Pacala and the teachers now using CPP (and many 
who are not^ share Moore's point of view. Continuous 
progress has built such a strong reputation on the Buck- 
nell campus that at least half a dozen additional depart- 
ments are waiting to tr\- the plan in their courses. Two 
years from now, students mav be taking as many as three 
CPP courses in a semester, ^^yreadv, some students are 
enrolled in nvo. This raises the question of a complete 

university curriculum cast in the CPP mold. It is prob 

"Well, it may be possible," savs Moore, "but at thi; 
stage in our e.xperimentation, it would be reckless to make 
any spectacular predictions. CPP is working at the pres 
ent level and we are going to expand it and see wha; 

Paper^vork isn't the only consideration. What aboui 
the less able student? Doesn't he find himself floundering 
when left on his own? Moore savs no, not for the most 
part. Students are not abandoned when thev are handed 
their stud\" materials. True, no one checks on them ex- 
cept in examinations. However, teachers are available to 
students who want to see them. In addition, graduate 
students and upperclassmen tutor CPP students who 
ask for help. 

"Some students want more course structure and di- 
rection," Moore admits. "But even they don't want a 
great deal. The\' like the idea that they can learn by 
themselves if given enough time and help to master a 

Again, some students lack strong, personal motivation 
They're a litde shaken bv the fact that thev can do a 
much or as little as the^' want in a semester. Teachers 
talk with these students about themselves and their ca 
reer ambitions in an attempt to motivate thern to study 
.Another technique that has proved successful is to ad( 
more tests to the required number for the semester 
Teachers do not sav when the student must take th( 
tests — thereby retaining the timeless aspect — nor do the] 
sav that he must earn a B on all the tests. But, the stu: 
dent knows how many tests are required and the lengtl 
of the semester. He has to pace himself. And this fosten 
independent learning habits. 

THE students' enthusiasm for CPP is matched bj 
their performance, according to Moore. In con^ 
trolled e.xperiments. the CPP classes in both biology 
and psychology' scored significantly higher than those in 
the standard curriculum. A comparison of philosophy 
classes produced the same eflfect: higher scores in CPP 
Specifically, in unit examinations, the CPP student 
in biolog)" averaged 33 errors while their counterparts it 
the traditional curriculum averaged slighdy more than 5i 
errors. The standard de\'iarion from the mean for th( 
CPP classes was only 6.34 while it jumped to 14.6 foi 
the other classes. This indicates that CPP classes wer( 
much more homogeneous, with the majority' of the stu- 
dents reaching the same achievement level. On the oth 
er hand, it indicates that achievement in the standart 
curriculum varied widely from the mean in both direc 
tions. Moore attributes this variation to the fact that 
students with unequal abilities were competing wthir 
the same time limit. 

The final examination grades showed a similar break 
down of average errors and standard deviation. Accordinj 
to Moore, this refutes critics who sav that CPP student! 
cram for unit examinations and forget what thev knew 
before the end of the semester. Another significant note: 


100% of last year's CPP biolog)' students earned A's and 

Moore points out that the evidence confirms his claim 
that CPP can make A and B students out of those who 
usually score lower. Early and on-time finishers in biolo- 
gy had an average of 3.0 in the other courses they took 
simultaneously with the CPP course. Late finishers, on 
the other hand, averaged about 2.5 in their other courses. 
However, these discrepancies apparently had no bearing 
on their achievement in CPP. The late finishers, as well 
as the earlv and on-time finishers, earned the same B-or- 
better grade. 

The results in philosophy are not as conclusive, Moore 
savs, because they couldn't be treated statistically. Despite 
this, Moore did discover that CPP students earned 20% 
more A's and B's than the students studying the same 
subjects the pre\'ious year. 

AS might be expected, Moore finds that CPP means 
fewer failures. Out of the entire continuous prog- 
ress enrollment of 425, only seven failed. How they 
fail is important. Take, for example, the student who com- 
pletes five out of seven units in a course. He can choose 
to continue the course the next semester, or he can ask 
to be evaluated at the end of the first semester. If he 

chooses evaluation, he may receive a C, D or even an F. 
If he decides to go on, he may earn an A or B. Which 
he does is up to him. 

"This element of free choice is well understood by 
the students," says Moore. "Not one of those who failed 
complained to the dean. They made the decisions and 
they accepted the consequences." 

More important, perhaps, than the percentage of 
failures are the many students who had never earned 
A's and B's until they enrolled in CPP courses. Moore 
cites the case of one student who had a college average 
of 1.8 until he enrolled in a CPP psvcholog}' course in 
which he is earning A's. 

Another student is well on his way to completing 
three full philosophy courses in one semester. Moore does 
not pretend that these are ts'pical cases, but he does main- 
tain that the upward pattern appears in the grades of an 
impressive number of CPP students. 

"This fact," sa\'s Moore, "is what leads me to be- 
lie\'e that CPP many well be a viable answer to many of 
the weaknesses in traditional teaching. It proves that 
most students, if given the time, materials and help, can 
master a subject. It may take longer, but they do learn. 
And that, after all, is decidedly better than graduating a 
student who is a jack-of-all-disciplines and a master of 

NSF Grants to Aid Student Research 

Four grants totaling 527,320 have 
been awarded to Bucknell University 
by the National Science Foundation 
to support undergraduate research 
projects next summer. 

Awarded to the department of bi- 
olog}% chemistry, geolog}' and geog- 
raphy, and psycholog}' at Bucknell, 
the grants will be administered under 
the direction of Dr. Jack E. Harcler- 
ode, associate professor of biology; 
Dr. Bennett R. WiUeford, Jr., pro- 
fessor of chemistr}-; Dr. Jack C. Al- 
len, Jr., associate professor of geolo- 
g}"; and Dr. Douglas K. Candland, 
professor of psychology-. 

The grant to the department of 
biolog)' will enable six students to 

undertake summer research projects. 
In addition to Dr. Harclerode, the 
participants will work with Dr. Hul- 
da Magalhaes, professor of zoology, 
and Drs. Frank J. Litde, David D. 
Pearson and Michael L. Rosenzweig. 
assistant professors of biolog\'. A sim- 
ilar grant last year enabled students 
to work at Bucknell and on field 
projects in Maine and Arizona. 

The grant to the department of 
chemistry will provide for the sum- 

mer research of eight students, prob- 
ably all of uhom will be from Buck- 
nell. They will work in laboratories 
on campus with members of the uni- 
versity's chemistn" faculty. 

Dr. Allen will administer a grant 
providing for the summer research 
of Aven,' S. Beer, a Bucknell junior 
from. Fairport, N. Y. He vnil spend 
12 weeks in the Elk Mountains of 
Colorado and will be involved in 
studying the origin and implacement 
of granitic rocks. 

Four students will spend the sum- 
mer at Bucknell working in the ex- 
perimental psycholog}' laborator}' 
under the grant to the department of 

-^L\RCH 1968 

MEDICAL science seems to have knocked the phy- 
sical sciences out of the TV news orbit, and the 
reahty of Dr. Christian Barnard replaces the fic- 
tion of Dr. Kildare in the continuing drama of life versus 
death. Newspapers, radio, TV report each day the latest 
bulletins on heart transplant patients in South Africa, 
California, wherever the latest dramatic event in medical 
history unfolds. 

Behind that drama is another story — one with per- 
haps as many elements of revolutionary change as that 
played out before the televised press conference. That 
story concerns the preparation of the physician for his 
role in life — the materials he must study, the informa- 
tion he must learn, the tasks he must perform, the atti- 
tudes he must carry to his profession and his patients, 
the man he is or should be, the way he looks at life 
and death. 

Where does the training of a physician or medical 
scientist truly begin? What skills must be identified in 
those who vi'ould pursue the study of medicine? What 
have the new discoveries of science done to change the 
role of the physician in a changing, or more urbanized 
society? What is the image of the physician today? 

Here are some facts: 

The U. S. Public Health Service estimates a current 
shortage of 50,000 doctors in this nation. As a stop-gap 
measure, it has called for the graduation of 11,000 phy- 
sicians in 1975, compared to the present annual rate of 
7,500 — and this to merely keep pace with needs. The 
American Medical Association last summer called for 
an "immediate and unprecedented increase" in the out- 
put of physicians. 

Since 1960, 16 new American medical schools have 
been authorized and are now in various stages of devel- 
opment. Seven of the sixteen were open at the beginning 
of the 1967-68 academic year. When all 16 are in oper- 
ation, they are expected to have a total first-year en- 
rollment of 1,340 students. 

In addition to new schools, the availability of federal 
funds has helped to accelerate the expansion of a majority 
of the 87 established medical schools. 

THIS shortage of physicians and lack of teaching 
facilities is tied to another set of facts. First-year 
students enrolled at the nation's medical schools 
last year numbered 8,991. Accepted were 9,123 applicants 
— 50 percent of the 18,250 who applied. The first-year 
class, larger by 231 than the previous year, included 
8,775 new entrants and 216 students either repeating or 
completing the first year of medical training after a 
previous enrollment. 

In reporting the mean Medical College Admission 
Test (MCAT) scores of applicants, the association said 
the scores of those rejected were higher than in previous 
years, "suggesting that an increasing number of those 
rejected applicants might have qualified for medical 
schools if additional places had been available." 

Talent is not in short supply. In fact, medical facul- 

What Precedes 
Medical Education? 


Dr. William Kennedy, associate director, National Board of 
Medical Examiners; Dr. Lester Kieft, ■professor and chairtnan, 
department of chemistry, Bucknell University; Dr. Donald Pills- 
bury, trustee. Smith, Kline and French Foundation; and Mr. 
Frederick Oshorne, executive secretary. Smith, Kline and French 
Foundation, discuss sessions of Pre-Medical Curriculum Confer- 
ence held at Hershey on October 23-24. More than 70 colleges 
and universities were represented at the two-day conference, 
sponsored jointly hy Bucknell and the Foundation. 



ies are concerned that a large proportion of the top stu- 
lents who begin pre-medical studies become so involved 
ivith chemistry, math, biology, zoology, botany, or the 
'.ocial sciences that they pursue one of these in graduate 
chools and bypass a medical education. 

But this is not a complete loss to the medical pro- 
fession. As new disciplines and specialties have been 
pun off from new discoveries and the explosion of knowl- 
'dge, the physician has become increasingly a member of 
I team of scientists in his attempt to prevent and treat 
lisease and to prolong the life of the individual patient. 

This is one example of how the image and the role 
if the physician in American society has been altered, 
iince the turn of the centurv, the public's image of the 
)hysician as a family friend and counselor (who never 
ent bills and whose bedside manner was as important 
s the medicines he dispensed) changed to a stereotype 
if the physician as a research-oriented scientist — tough- 
ninded, intense, singularly devoted to the eradication of 
lisease. These views of the physician seem to have kept 
i)ace with the transition of America from a rural to an 
irban society. As more and more hospitals sprang up 
cross the land to care for a growing population, as new 
jnedical techniques, drugs and facilities became available 
the physician, as the knowledge of diseases and their 
ures increased in scope and scale, the role of the phvsi- 
ian was transformed. No longer restricted bv the knowl- 
dge or practices of the horse-and-buggy era, the physi- 
ian found new limitations in the varieties and vastness of 
nedical knowledge. The new science wrought wonders, 
lUt it also brought the requirements of specialization — 
'he need to study intensively in a narrower field to at- 
jain professional competence. 

[T brought another change — one which may more 
closely relate to the image of the physician and his 
role in the past, the present and the future. Though 
lot necessarily intrinsic to the physician's training, the 
lumanity of the kindly old general practitioner of yes- 
sryear may have been diminished or lost in the inten- 
ive scientific education of today's physician. If the pub- 
lic's image of the physician is that of a man coldly de- 
ached and impersonal, that image must be derived in 
lart from the interactions and relationships which the 
lublic has with the practitioners of today. As private and 
jiublic medical insurance plans proliferate, as medical 
[nowledge accumulates at rates of increasing magnitude, 
[lew obstacles intrude into the relationships of patients 
jnd physicians. For specialization will increase as knowl- 
dge increases and as the need for medical services grows, 
^ew concepts of treatment, including the findings of 
be behavioral sciences, are shaping a new curriculum 
n the medical school. But if there is a deficiency in the 
ducation of the physician — a deficiency not in his 
nowledge of science but in his feelings for his fellow- 
aen — the remedy may lie as much in under-graduate 
preparation as in graduate training. 

The majority, if not all medical schools, are initi- 
ating major changes in their curriculum and in their 
requirements for admission. Recently established medical 
schools have introduced innovative instructional pro- 
grams. And this raises the question: Should the pre- 
medical curriculum be altered in conformity with the 
changes in the medical school curriculum? 

These facts and these questions formed the back- 
ground for a special conference on pre-medical educa- 
tion held October 23-24, 1967 at the Hotel Hershey. 
Sponsored jointly by Bucknell University and the Smith, 
Kline and French Foundation, the two days of seminars 
and three general sessions attracted representatives from 
more than 70 colleges, universities and medical schools 
in Pennsylvania. 

Though conclusions were not unanimous, the par- 
ticipants endorsed the sessions with enthusiasm. The op- 
portunity to share information, ideas and opinions about 
the philosophy of education from the undergraduate to 
the graduate level was viewed as invaluable, for medical 
education had been examined not as an isolated specialty, 
but as a part of the total educational system. 

AND so was the physician. Repeatedly, participants 
argued in varied ways that if the physician is to 
reign over a highly organized system of medical 
care, a system whose components are sophisticated and ex- 
pert, he must be prepared to assume the responsibilits' of 
making it human. And this task will be compounded by 
the vastness of our growing cities, the impersonality of 
our institutions (including the colleges and the medical 
schools), and the increasing mobility of our people. All 
these contain both actual and potential loss of identity, 
of dehumanization, and they become more critical in 
those situations involving the most personal experiences: 
disease, disability, debility and death. 

Medical schools are now preparing the physicians, 
researchers, and teachers who will shape the role of med- 
icine in the 21st Century. With health as a prime goal 
of the American people, how to achieve this goal becomes 
a paramount concern of the medical schools. 

A new medical school opened at Hershey, Pa., in 
September 1967. One of its primary functions is to teach 
men and women how to practice community medicine. 
Put another way, the concentration is on encouraging 
students to be family doctors. 

Funded through a grant of $50 million from the 
Milton Hershey Foundation and a grant of $21 million 
from the federal government, the school boasts an original 
facility designed to fit an educational philosophy. The 
story of how that school was built and the philosophy on 
which is was founded was told by Dr. George Harrel, 
dean of the new college, as part of the Pre-medical Cur- 
riculum Conference. Because this is one of the major 
directions of medical education today. Dr. Harrel's phil- 
osophic discussion may well bear on the many other pro- 
fessions of men. 

•^ARCH 1968 

The Teaching and Practice of 
Community Medicine 

By Dr. George T. Harrel, Jr. 

Dr. George T. Harrel, Jr. is dean of the College of 
Medicine and director of the Milton S. Hershey Medical 
Center of the Pennsylvania State University. He has 
served as dean of the College of Medicine at the Univer- 
sity of Florida and on the facidties of the Duke University 
School of Medicine and the Bowman-Gray School of 
Medicine at Wake Forest College. He is the author of 

more than 200 articles in scientific and frofessional jo^ 

This article is a slightly revised version of Dr. Ha 
rel's address -presented to the Pre-Medical Curriculwi 
Conference, sponsored hy Bucknell University and th 
Smith, Kline and French Foundation, on October 2: 
1967 at Hershey, Pa. 

WE have gone about the design of a new medical 
school looking at the impact of a medical school 
in a community as well as its educational goals. 
We have taken a historical point of view and have recog- 
nized that in the past the causes of disease were unknown. 
They were quite a mystery. Life was short and at the 
time of the Roman empire, the average life span was 
under thirty years. People died predominandv of in- 
fectious diseases, and most of those who died were chil- 
dren. Indeed, until about 1930, almost half of the chil- 
dren who ever were born in the world had died before 
the age of five years, and most of them died of acute in- 
fections. These were the epidemic infections — dysentery, 
typhus, cholera, other gastrointestinal diseases — and en- 
demic infections such as malaria. All are now coming 
under control. Illness was cared for in the home by the 
family with the physician coming in to give whatever 
advice and help he could. 

We know that historically the first educated men 
were probably priests. They were the first physicians and 
they got their start by the observation of natural phe- 
nomena-about them, so that they were able to predict the 
appearance of celestial phenomena such as eclipses. With 
this ability, they became surrounded with an aura of 
magic and miracles. In the extension of their obser- 
vations, phenomena more closely about us received their 
attention. We know that the Hebrews made very accur- 
ate clinical observations on the transmission of disease 
from one individual to another. When there was a war 

and the people gathered into camps, dysentery brol 
out and they recognized that it was transmitted by e 
creta. So, they put into religious laws the requiremei 
that every soldier had to provide himself with a wood 
paddle and to follow the pattern of cats who went on 
side of their home environment to bury excreta in tr^ 
ground. Now we know that this method was effecti\ 
because the soil bacteria, particularly actinomycosis ar 
other higher forms, excrete antibiotics which kill tl 
dysentery bacilli that cause the infection. The Hebre\i 
also observed that when one ate the flesh of swine fi 
quendy, there followed extensive swelling and muse 
pain so that they proscribed the eating of pork. We knoV 
of course, that these symptoms are due to trichinae whi( 
are found most commonly in pork above all other ai, 


THE Romans apparently were the first to recogni': 
that the control of acute enteric infections coul 
be achieved by pure water supplies, and they maii 
the first efforts in public health by providing aqueduc, 
some of which are even in use today. 

A physician at this time had few drugs with whiii 
he could treat people. He had essentially natural plar; 
and a few mineral products, but all he really could > 
was to comfort the family and wait for the natural h- 
tory of the disease to run its course. 

The educational process was by the apprenticesKj) 



George T. Harrell, jr., M.D., Dean of the College of Medicine and Director of the Hershey Medical Center of Penn State, with 
model of Medical Sciences Building and Teaching Hospital as they will look when com-pleted and, in hackgrotmd, the partially com- 
pleted Basic Sciences Wing where students are now attending classses. 

MARCH 1968 


method. The voung man who wanted to become a phy- 
sician attached himself to an older one and indeed shad- 
owed him — the term still used in many of the Canadian 
schools for the clinical clerk. The student was exposed 
to theoretic knowledge which was accumulated in some 
written form, either a papvral scroll, a cuneiform tablet, 
an illuminated manuscript, and later, printed books. This 
theoretic knowledge was accumulated into libraries of 
one sort or another. This thread of scholarship persists 
until the present day as one of the keystones of the train- 
ing of the physician. The physician-student learned clin- 
ical skills which were largely manipulatiye and required 
access to patients. He learned by working side by side 
with his preceptor and this thread we see in our hos- 
pitals today. 

Hotneric surgery: Bandaging a finger 
(From a Greek vase) 

MEDICINE as a University discipline began to 
evolye in the Middle Ages. We in medicine are 
yery proud of the fact that many of the natural 
sciences as we know them today actually srew out of the 
faculties of medicine in the medieval universities. The ex- 
tension of knowledge in science in the universities 
through research, the growth of laboratories and the use 
of research as a teaching tool grew up in the last century 
in the German universities. This teaching device was 
transported to this country in medical education at the 
establishment of the Johns Hopkins Medical School in 

Another landmark in the education of physicians in 
this country was the Flexner Report, which essentially 
removed responsibility for the education of physicians 
from the profession and placed it in the universities where 
it largely rests today. 

In the training not only of the physician but all those 
who may become members of the health team — the 
health scientist, and others in the allied health profes- 
sions — we are concerned with the study of living things. 
This is the study of biology, but in medicine we are 
concerned predominantly with a single species, the hu- 
man being. The common thread that can begin quite 
early in the educational process, even in the secondary 
schools, and extend through the professional sequence 
is the thread of human biology in all of its facets. In this 
program we are up against a natural law about which 

no amount of research, or anything we can do, can 
change the basic phenomenon. This principle is the 
natural law of inherent variability. No two individuals 
are the same and when any tv\'0 are exposed to stress of 
any kind, whether it is a physical stress like cold, heat 
or a drug, they react in different fashions. In order to 
meet scientific criteria when dealing with living things, 
we have to deal with the study of groups. Research in 
biologic phenomena requires groups to smooth out in- 
dividual variations, and in this fashion you meet scien- 
tific criteria. 

IF we plot any physiologic data on all of you — height, 
weight, blood pressure, temperature, blood chlorides, 

urinary 17-ketosteroid excretion or anything else we 
choose — the data would scatter. If instead of plotting as 
a scattergraph, we would plot them in another fashion, 
we would come out with a nice, smooth, probability 
curve. This curve is fine when you deal with groups, but 
when you deal with an individual sick patient, he wants 
to be treated as a person and not as a statistic. When you 
attempt to apply data on a single individual to con- 
clusions drawn from a study of a group, you are not 
working in the field of science; you are working in the 
realm of art. The practice of medicine then is an art, 
and regardless of the preciseness of our tools with which 
we study scientifically the floor for the practice of medi- 
cine, the application to the individual patient can never 
be a science. The pre-professional background of the 
student should emphasize much more the art of medi- 
cine and why people behave as they do and how they 
lead their lives. One can also say that the practice of medi- 
cine is a highly confidential interpersonal relationship. 
This approach means that we need to know more about 
how people react to stress, how they lead their lives, what 
their sense of values is and what they consider important. 
Only when you understand these things can you make 
realistic recommendations for long term care of patients 
which has to be done in the community. 

In the community the framework in which these 
recommendations become effective is the sociologic unit 
of society, the family. The frame of reference in which 

Diagram from Descartes' posthu- 
mous work on physiology 



we think the educational process should be placed is 
that of the family physician working in a community of 
which he understands both the biologic and humanitari- 
an backgrounds of his patients. For this reason, we be- 
lieve the study of behavior is important and we look 
at behavior as a basic biologic phenomenon which fol- 
lows the laws of biologic variability. Behavior fits them 
exactly as any other physiologic parameter, but the ends 
of the normal spectrum are far wider then in most of the 
other physiologic phenomena. Furthermore, we have to 
look at behavior both from the point of view of the in- 
dividual and of the group. We think that the training 
in each life science, regardless of whether it is nursing, 
the allied health professions or medicine, should be from 
the point of view of human biology looking at behavior 
i as a biologic phenomenon. The basic premise is that 
those who are educated together and trained together ul- 
timately will work together where patient care has to be 
delivered in the community. 

THE impact of disease is felt not only on the individ- 
ual patient but on a sociologic unit, the family. Dis- 
ease has a biologic impact in the passing of a strepto- 
coccus or an adenovirus from one member of a family 
to another in an infection. It also has cultural and eco- 
nomic effects on the family. We recognize more and 
more as we get a firmer scientific floor for medicine, that 
genetic factors are playing a greater and greater part. 
Very likely what you die from is determined more by 
who your grandparents were than what you have done 
in the last twenty years or even since you were born. In 
any event, we think these factors must be taken account 
of in the educational program. 

What long range trends do we see in the world at 
large and also in this country? First of all, there has been 
a population explosion in which some of vou have par- 
ticipated. The interesting thing about this explosion is 
that the greatest rate of growth has been at the ends of 
the spectrum, in the quite young and the very old. In- 
deed, we see now for the first time in history enough 
older people living that we can begin to study aging as 
; a normal biologic phenomenon, uncomplicated bv the 
i accumulation of a series of chronic illnesses. In addition 
to the population explosion, we have seen increased mo- 
bility of families. Families now are not composed of 
multiple generations with grandparents living in the 
same household, but are one generation families. With 
increased mobility, one family in five no longer lives in 
the same house it did five years ago, and another one in 
five does not live in the same city or town. The physi- 
cian, in looking at chronic illness in the long term, has 
a problem. Because of the mobility of families, the fam- 
ily does not have the opportunity for association with 
the physician and does not have the deep roots that it 
once did when the family physician lived in the same 
community and the families stayed there. 

We have seen a change in the character of illness. 
With the control of infections through better supervision 
of food and water supplies as well as through immuniza- 

tion procedures and the use of chemotherapy, no longer 
are influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, and 
dysentery the major killers. The chief causes of death are 
now chronic illnesses. In the past, the acute infections 
were self-limited and, almost in spite of anything the phy- 
sician did, the patient either died or got well because we 
had no effective therapy. We did know something about 
the natural history of disease and this background led 
to the image of the student seeing himself as a healer. 
Some of them did dramatic things to pull people through 
serious illnesses and the patients got well. This ability 
to cure completely is no longer true because the chief 
causes of death now are heart disease, stroke and cancer. 
These are chronic illnesses in which the genetic back- 
ground is determined when you are conceived and in 
which the progression of disease is inexorable. 


E just do not know, from the point of view of 
basic research, enough about the biologic phe- 
nomena that cause chronic illness to do anything 
about curing them. If we know something about the nat- 
ural history, we can interpose measures to delay the pro- 
gression of the disease and to pre\'ent complications. We 

Hiram L. Wiest, M.D., assistant professor of family and com- 
munity medicine, and sttidetit Joseph P. Leaser examine throat 
of patient. Students begin observing patients during their first 
iveek through the practices of full-time physicians with family 
practices in the co^nmunity. Each student is assigned a family 
to folloiv throughout the four years and is called to the office or 
home whenever a metnber of the family is seen by the doctor. 
Students also see other patients who come into the office during 
one-hour sessions throughout the term. 

now have turned full cycle back to the older physician 
at the beginning of history, where all we can do in chron- 
ic illnesses is to offer comfort and support to the familx' 
and patient, and wait for the natural history of the 
disease to run its course. This attitude should make the 
student look at his training quite differently. It should 
be reflected in both the pre-professional and professional 

The other great cause of death at all ages from child- 
hood through old age is accidents. We recognize that 
an accident may have a behavioral component about 
which we can do something. This approach is another 
reason for the emphasis on behavior as a basic biologic 
phenomenon. It may surprise you to know that in spite 
of all the miracle drugs that have been developed, most 
patients still present themselves to the physician with 
symptoms which he cannot in his own heart really ex- 

MARCH 1968 


plain. When he has finally completed his study, the mag- 
nitude of the symptoms presented cannot be accounted 
for on the basis of organic disease of sufficiently advanced 
stage. I am not saving the patient does not have svmp- 
toms. He does, but a part of the problem is that our diag- 
nostic techniques are not good enough to detect early 
organic disease. Another factor is that the pressure of 
living these davs at the job and in the home with the 
family produce stresses which overlav organic disease. 
Many of the svmptoms are the result of the mimicing of 
organic disease by stresses that occur in the ordinary 
processing of living. The understanding of the functional 
overlav of organic illness should be the job of every 
phvsician. No longer is it acceptable to say, "I can't find 
anything organically wrong with you, go see a psychia- 
trist." We can never train enough psychiatrists and, fur- 
thermore, this problem is not mental illness — in the 
sense of an organic disease. This reaction is within the 
ranoe of normal behavior which we still do not have 
techniques accurately to measure. 

We have in addition an increase in life span which, 
as you know, is quite different in women than in men. 
If vou want to put a little money on this fact, you can 
bet vour insurance company that your wife will not out- 
live you bv nearly se\'en years and the\' \\'ill beat vou 
every time. In spite of every thing that we have learned, 
somehow or other that extra chromosome in the female of 
the species protects her against many of the chronic and 
acute illnesses. This fact has genetic implications and 
gives us an inkling of things that we must study in the 

Medical student Judith Operchal studies in her ■private cubicle 
in the Medical Sciences Building which serves as her own 
"thinkins, office" for the first t\vo years. Medical students and 
house officers also will have ctihicles in the teaching hospital. 

WE have an opportunity to study aging as a nor- 
mal biologic phenomena. We know that as the 
population grows older it uses and requires more 
medical care, so that our patterns of medical care de- 
livery in the future will change. 

We have had an explosive growth of research. The 
factual knowledge upon which the practice of medicine 
is based roughly doubles every ten years. We can no 
longer continue to teach from the point of view of facts. 
We also ha\'e the additional problem of how to store this 
material and how to retrieve it when needed. WTien you 
approach something of this magnitude, vou cannot solve 
the problem with the unaided human brain anymore. 
Mechanical techniques must be used and hence, the em- 
phasis on computers for the storage and retrieval of data 
and the accumulation of factual material into librariesi 
These techniques require hardware beyond that which 
might be expected in the individual physician's office. 
Flence, there must be a central location where these 
data are available. The study cubicle vou saw today was 
designed to mimic the situation of the individual physi- 
cian in an office practice. The student does not have any 
mechanical devices in his cubicle. When he needs help 
he goes to get it. We are attempting to start him in a 
centrifugal pattern. He leaves his central base of oper- 
ations and gets the type of data he needs — library data, 
laboratory data, or consultation with a faculty member 

or another colleague. If he is collecting data on people, 
he goes to the hospital nursing units, the ambulatory 
wing, or the clinic. We have started this pattern since 
we anticipate that the devices such as computers for , 
regional storage of data will be in a central location to 
which he must go. In the same fashion, the medical li- 
brary is a place to which he must go. Our library is cen- 
trally located between the basic science and clinical 
fields of activity of the medical student. These ideas must 
be incorporated into the educational program in proper 

We have seen changes in the pattern of medical care, 
largely since World War II. We have learned that no 
longer must the physician see all illnesses in the home, 
but that the patient can be mobile and come to a central 
place without harm. We have seen an alteration in the 
course of acute infections by the chemotherapeutic drugs 
and, even more importantly, we have seen the alteration 
in mental illness bv the use of mood altering drugs. You 
might not recognize that over the years more than half \ 
of the hospital beds in this country are continuously oc- 
cupied by people with mental illness. We have learned 
through the development and use of these drugs to in- 
terrupt the natural history of disease and to shorten the 
average period of hospitalization for mental illness. For 
the usual acute disease processes, the average hospital 
stay is not 14 to 21 days, but more nearly 8 to 10 days. 




WE often forget that most medical care in this 
country is dehvered to ambulant patients by 
i practicing physicians who see them in an office 

iietting. This fact poses a problem educationally, because 
:raditionally we have introduced the student to medical 
:are in the hospital on an acutely ill patient in a hospital 
oed. But this is not the chief fact of life as he sees it when 
le gets out in the actual practice of medicine in the com- 
nunity. In the past, people were born and died in the 
lome. Now they are born and die in a hospital. We see 
m additional factor to change our educational approach, 
ihe interposition of an institution in which was in the 
l^ast essentially an interpersonal relationship in the fam- 
Iv setting. 

You have heard about the increased use of the labor- 
itory, so that we now roughly double the number of 
aboratory studies done on the individual patient every 
ieven years. Even more important is the fact that these 
aboratory studies are becoming increasingly complex. 
jFhey require much greater scientific background, but 
ke are turning the laboratorv studies over to a specially 
rained people, technicians. Unless we do have a mini- 
inum volume of tests for the laboratory to perform, we 
cannot have the quality control necessary to depend on 
he data when we arrive at clinical decisions. 

All of these factors have led to an increased empha- 
j|iis on specialization. Partly this trend results from pub- 
'ic demand, partly through the increased use of the para- 
nedical people, and partly through economic factors. 
Dnly when you tend to group medical personnel together 
:an you share the cost of the expensive facilities for both 
'liagnosis and treatment. This trend has led to a phe- 
lomenon which we saw very clearly when the Hill-Bur- 
on program was first instituted. As you know, this pro- 
jpram was begun to improve hospital care in rural areas 
jind many small hospitals were built. Quickly, physi- 
jiians' offices tended to cluster around the community 
lospital in order to use and share the facilities. The same 
principle has been extended in a larger sense in many 
'jities and we think is is one which will likely continue. 

\ yC EDICAL care was largely given in the home in 
LVX the past with the help of the family. Indeed, the 
first nurses were sisters in the family and this 
!|erm we have carried over so that historically many nurs- 
'■s in hospitals are called "Sisters." We think that this 
principle can be extended. We think that there is a role 
jor study of auxiliary health personnel who can work 
lut of a private physician's office as an extension of his 
ight arm, working in the home for follow-up care to 
ee that his instructions are understood and are being 
ollowed. We have used the term "family health advisor." 
fhis person is not the same that has been described to 
ou earlier as the "feldscher", who is an independent 
iracticing person with limited medical training such as 
he Russians and Chinese have used. 

We have seen the growth of Regional Medical Pro- 
itams under government sponsorship where the region 

of responsibility is not a specific geographic area that fol- 
lows political boundaries. 

How do we intend to incorporate many of these fac- 
tors into our program at The Pennsylvania State Uni- 
versity College of Medicine in The Milton S. Hershey 
Medical Center? 

We think our primary responsibility, as in any medi- 
cal school, is the training of the physician for practice. 
We think the frame of reference should be the family 
living in the community. We recognize that when a stu- 
dent elects medicine as a career, he has committed him- 
self to a never ending process of self-education. In the 
final analysis, the faculty does not teach him a thing. You 
learn some things, but learning is a subjective phenom- 
enon which is accomplished by you, yourself, in your 
pattern. The faculty can set the framework for you, teach 
you patterns of study and approaches to problem solving, 
but, in the final analysis, unless you have subjectively 
utilized this material you never learn how reallv to study 
and to educate yourself. 

PARALLEL threads should be developed in the bio- 
logical sciences, because thev represent the scientific 
floor, and in the humanities which effect the appli- 
cation of the art. We think that the threads should go 

Left to right: Medical students William Pruch)iic. Donald Pot- 
ter, Frederick Michel, and graduate student in physiology, Mrs. 
Lois Forney, study electrocardiogram, blood pressure and respira- 
tion of laboratory animal in stand-up portion of multidiscipline 
teaching laboratory. 

MARCH 1968 


on in parallel continuously after the physician is in prac- 
tice as well. We need a pre-professional background with 
breadth in the liberal arts, but some concentration in a 
field where the student studies in depth and performs at 
a superior le^'el in a field of his choice. This field does 
not necessarily have to be a science; it could be any other 
field. For example, if you read Greek literature, in the 
original if vou were able or in translation, and vou studied 
the Oedipus complex, you would find no clearer clinical 
description of what we know psychiatrically as the Oedi- 
pus complex. The description was written 3,000 years 
ago. In the same fashion, you may go through many 
other classical forms of literature and find accurate ob- 
servations recorded. A field of concentration in literature, 
provided vou read in parallel modern scientific theory, 
can assure a perfectly good background which will serve 
you in the practice of medicine. 

We think that what we need to do is to develop 
methods for teaching the patterns of thinking and prob- 
lem sohing in individual learning. This approach is the 
basis for the design of the study cubicle. You have no- 
ticed that we placed the cubicles in the building so that 
thev are not in the teaching laboratories. This avoids an 
over-emphasis on the laboratory as the answer to all 
clinical problems because we don't believe this is true. 
We think that vou make the majority of your clinical 
diagnoses on what you have in your head and at your 
fingertips, and that your most effective diagnostic tool 
is the history of the illness and the study of the develop- 
ment of symptoms. The laboratory simply confirms in 
about three-fourths of the cases the suspicion you have 
before you do the first laboratory test; on the rest, the 
laboratory does drop an unexpected diagnosis in your lap. 
You must also keep the bibliographic approach in balance 
because in certain disease processes you can go to the li- 
brary and read about them from now until kingdom come. 
You can become the greatest bookworm ever, but when 
you have a patient with a headache and stiff neck, what 
you have to do is to stick a needle in the spinal canal and 
find out if he has meningitis or not. You can never es- 
tablish this diagnosis by reading in the library. Since 
you need a balance between the bibliographic and the li- 
brary approach, we have placed the study function phy- 
sically between the two. 

WE think there should be a multidisciplinary ap- 
proach to education because the sciences on 
which medicine rests are a complete spectrum 
and the divisions we have made are entirely artificial. If 
you look at how people use research tools, you recognize 
that they use instruments and techniques that may be 
designed and claimed by one discipline or another. One 
has only to look at probably the most exciting scientific 
problem we have today, which is the study of the genetic 
transmission of inheritable characteristics. This problem 
boils down to the study of a single chemical compound, 
DNA. Whether you look at it from the point of view 
of the person who asks "how many molecules of nitro- 
gen, carbon and hydrogen does it have?", you say "This 

Howard E. Morgan, M.D., professor and chairman of physiology, J 
discusses experiments with Judith Operchal and Dom D'Orazio. | 

is a biochemical problem." If you look at it from the sedi- 
mentation constant in an ultracentrifuge or the X-ray 
diffraction pattern, you say, "Oh no, this is a biophysical 
problem." If vou look at it from the point of view of the 
biologist, he says, "No, this is a genetic problem in mi- 
crobiology or molecular biology." You are still studying the 
same chemical compound from different points of view, 
and this is the way you study a patient. The multidisci- 
plinary approach should begin with the basic sciences anc 
continue on into the clinical years. You saw our basi( 
science laboratories, but you have not seen our clinical 
laboratories, which are designed from the same philoso 
phic point of view. 

In problem solving you recognize that the technique 
we have evolved as an intellectual discipline over the 
years is what we call the scientific method. We feel every 
student should have an exposure to research, not in the 
development of new knowledge as an end in itself, but 
as an intellectual discipline and teaching tool. We look 
on research as an approach to problem solving and hence, 
we will include in our curriculum a requirement foi 
work in experimental medicine. This requirement is* 
another reason why the multidiscipline labs are provid- 
ed so that every student will have laboratory space 24 
hours a day, 12 months a year, for at least two years. 
After that time he can work in the hospital laborato 
ries, a basic science department, or at the animal farm 
The animal farm is designed to enable us to teach be 
havior as a basic biologic phenomenon that is not pe 
culiar to the human being. The behavioral responses ex 
tend throughout all the species in the animal kingdom 
Certain basic phenomena can be demonstrated in ants 
honey bees, mice, rats, lower primates or in the humar 
being. Also, you can demonstrate the genetic transmisiJ 



Varren W. Davis, M.D., assistant professor of physiology, dis- 
usses nerve measuring apparatus with students Paul Pataky, left, 
nd James Taylor. 

ion of inheritable behavioral characteristics in mice and 
i)ther animals, which is something you need to know in 
liuman beings, too. As we go along we will extend from 
aboratory animals of lower species to the human being 
n the schools and then into our own teaching hospital. 

A TEACHING hospital has to be what it says it is 
— a place to care for sick people. We think this 
j facility should be not only for the acutely ill peo- 

ple who are horizontal in bed, but should care for am- 
)ulant patients who are the greater part of the practice a 
physician cares for. This care should be given in the 
ramework of the family and hence the ambulant in pa- 
ient facility will be decorated like a home with motel 
urniture. We will permit a member of the family to 
:tay with the patient in the hospital so that we can edu- 
pate not only the patient but also the member of the 
lamily in the meaning of the illness and the long term 
;are in the home. Two years after the hospital is complet- 
ed, we propose to build a nursing home, and to devote half 
)f it to the study of aging as a normal biologic phenome- 
hon and the other half to the study of chronic illnesses. 
There may well be on our campus in the future a region- 
il medical center predominantly pointed toward the care 
jmd study of heart disease, stroke and cancer, but we 
:hink that if it comes it should be broader in concept. 

You recognize we have said we would serve as the 
;ommunity hospital for this particular area, and we will 
)ee patients and care for them in this setting. To help 
ive have already organized a Department of Family and 
Community Medicine, in which we wish to put the 
itudent for his first clinical exposure. The faculty mem- 
bers can serve as role models of what we think the fam- 

From the laboratory, the student carries his research efforts into 
his private study cubicle. It is here that each student can analyze 
all the information gathered and come to conclusions. Below, a 
student team at work in the stand-up portion of the multidis- 
cipline laboratory. 

MARCH 1968 


ilv physician should be. We have accepted full responsi- 
bility for approximately half of the people in the com- 
munity to do continuing, long term care on a compre- 
hensive basis for 4,000 people in Hershey. We think 
this number is enough to serve as a teaching model for 

We have put our physicians in family practice on 
full-time faculty positions and they will follow all the 
academic rules and have all the privileges that our spe- 
cialists will in the teaching of medical students. 

We also have organized a Department of Behavioral 
Science as a basic medical science to emphasize biologic 
variability in all clinical disciplines. 

Hospital ward in the Middle Ages. 

TO carry forward a litde more our feeling that you 
must understand people and how they react to stress 
and illness, we have organized what we believe to 
be the first department of humanities in a medical school. 
We are starting with three chairs: one, in the history of 
science which will include the history of medicine; one, 
in philosophy and ethics; and one, in comparative re- 
ligion. We will not do our teaching in separate courses, 
but will use these faculty members as intellectual re- 
sources and they will be available both to faculty and 
students. We have planned deliberately so that the stu- 
dent never sees a required course which he has to cross 
as a hurdle that will affect his class standing, promotion, 
or graduation. We want him to feel completely intellect- 
ually free to ask questions at any time, and hence we will 
do the teaching in the humanities by seminars and lec- 
tures in the usual medical courses. As an example, when 
we introduce the student to the cadaver in gross anatomy, 
we can discuss how ancient people looked on the body 
after death. Why did some of them embalm, or mummify 
as the Egyptians did? Why did the Plains Indians put 
the body up on poles and let the birds pick it clean rath- 
er than the scavengers on the ground? Why do some 
people cremate, as the Hindus still do today, and why do 
the strict orthodox Hebrews insist that the body be buried 
before sundown on the day of death? We have ap- 
proached, philosophically, what the concepts of life and 
death were in ancient peoples and in peoples today of 
various ethnic, religious or other backgrounds. 


WE will continue the same approach in the stud) 
of animals. When we teach physiology, we \yil 
ask \\'hy the Hindus revere cattle and protec 
them when people are starving. Why did Schweitzei 
have such a reverence for life in his hospital, ever 
though he knew that mosquitoes carried yellow fever am 
malaria, that he v\'ould not permit a mosquito to be swat 
ted even if it landed on your arm or the back of youj 
neck? What are the ethics of animal experimentation? 1 

In clinical medicine where the ethics of human ex 
perimentation arise, how do you decide when you do i 
transfusion or an organ transplantation? When do yoi 
tie up a dialysis apparatus, which is very expensive to op 
erate, and how do you decide which patient you put oi 
it? Are you just prolonging the inevitable outcome, or arj 
you actually saving someone's life? These are not medica 
or scientific problems — they are ethical and moral prot 

Indeed, the greatest problem facing the world toda' 
is not a scientific problem; it is the balance between popu 
lation growth and food supply. We have scientific aii 
swers by which we can approach a solution in two fasl; 
ions. We can control population by adding the ingred 
ents of "the pill" to food supplies as we do with vitamin 
or minerals. We can control conception by intrauterin 
devices. We can do it by education, but it is already pro^ 
en that people, because of their cultural backgrounds, d 
not accept these recommendations. We can take the othe 
approach of increasing food supply by better methods c 
agriculture, by better use of fertilizer or by genetic d( 
velopment of improved strains of plants and animals, bt 
none of these methods are going to produce enough r( 
suits to solve the problem. The final answer comes dow 
to a moral, ethical, and philosophical decision and not 
scientific one. I think, increasingly, we will face prol 
lems of this sort, and hence we feel the importance c 
the Humanities as an essential part of the medical educ; 
tion program. 

WE have not mentioned continuing education- 
that is a story in itself. Suffice it to say, we d 
have some ideas on how we would like to tall 
care of our ov\'n graduates, and to give them an oppo 
tunity for a continuing education. We are considerin 
a sort of "retread" experience at intervals which we woul 
put at five to seven years, making available to the practi 
ing physician an opportunity to came back into tV 
teaching hospital, the setting where he had learned tl 
most for a period of about three months. 

We intend to involve the public in our communit 
not in the raising of funds, but by participation in tl 
educational process. In Derry township and the cor 
munitv of Hershey, there are very few indigent familie 
so we are doing this teaching with the ordinary types > 
families that the student sees himself taking care of ; 
continuity — the paying patients who have jobs and wl 
are livino in the community. We have assumed a r 
sponsibility for patient and community education as wc 
as for medical students. 



Bucknell's Educational Link to Alaska 

By Bradley N. Tufts 
Assistant Director, Public Relations 

RESIDENTS of Alaska in 1967 celebrated the 
100th anniversary of the purchase by the United 
States from Russia of the territory of Alaska. 
In 1867 when Secretary of State William H. Seward 
negotiated the purchase for $7.2 million, or about two 
cents an acre, he was roundly criticized and Alaska was 
labeled "Seward's folly." 

However, the grov\'th and development of the state 
have exceeded even Seward's fondest dreams and ex- 
pectations, and Bucknell University is particularly proud 
that one of her alumni was one of the leading pioneers 
in Alaska. 

y<*C^« 0m>s 


The late Charles E. Bunnell '00 

' The late Charles E. Bunnell '00, who received bach- 
' elor's, master's and honorary degrees from Bucknell, was 

the founding president of the University of Alaska, and 

until his retirement in 1949 was considered the "fore- 
! most educator in the territory." 

A native of Dimock, Pa. and graduate of Montrose 

High School, Bunnell was a student leader at Bucknell, 
I twice lettered in football, where he was a teammate of 
1 Christy Mathewson, and graduated summa cum laude 
I in 1900. Shortly after his graduation he went to a mis- 
! sion school in Wood Island, Alaska to take a teaching 
I position vacated by another Bucknell graduate, Robert 

Slifer of the Class of 1898. 

CHARLES Bunnell spent most of the next 56 years 
of his life in Alaska. Among his infrequent trips 
back to the "States" were one in 1901 to marry a 
college classmate, Mary Anna Kline, of Winfield, anoth- 
er a year later to receive the master of arts degree from 
Bucknell, and a third in 1925 to receive the honorary 
Doctor of Laws degree from his alma mater. Of the 
latter event he said, "I think that was one of the proud- 
est days of my life." 

Dr. Bunnell, who also practiced law in Alaska and 
was named a federal judge for the territory by Wood- 
row Wilson in 1914, became president of Alaska Agri- 
cultural College and School of Mines in 1921, and a 
year later established what is now the University of 
Alaska with an original enrollment of six students. 

It is a tribute to the untiring efforts and intellectual 
courage of Dr. Bunnell that the University has devel- 
oped into a thriving state university. He began the school 
with a meager $60,000 appropriation from the Alaskan 
legislature, and many of his first students were sour- 
doughs and prospectors who took mining courses in the 
winter months when heavy snows prevented them from 
seeking gold. 

However, the college continued to flourish and Dr. 
Bunnell was recognized to the extent that a general holi- 
day was declared in the Territory on the day in July, 
1949 when he retired and assumed the role of president 
emeritus. Commenting editorially on his retirement, a 
newspaper in Fairbanks said, "It will not be necessary 
for well-meaning Alaskans to congregate for discussion 
of a monument to Dr. Charles E. Bunnell. He has al- 
ready built it himself." 

AT the time of his retirement, Dr. Bunnell's years of 
service made him the senior president of all the 5 1 
land grant colleges in the United States and the 
only land grant college president who was also a univer- 
sity founder. 

When Dr. Bunnell died in November 1956, Dr. Ern- 
est N. Patty, then president of the University of Alaska, 
said, "Alaska has lost another of her great pioneers. Dr. 
Bunnell spent 56 years of his life in Alaska and these 
vyere productive years for he loved Alaska and dedicated 
his life to its improvement. He was a distinguished edu- 
cator and jurist. His greatest contribution was as Presi- 
dent of the University of Alaska during its pioneering 
years. If it had not been for his skill, inflexible will and 
courage, there would not be a University today on Col- 
lege Hill." 

Bucknell is proud that through one of its alumni the 
University has left its stamp on the state of Alaska. 

MARCH 1968 


The Varied 

Worlds of 


Lt. Col. Mark M. McCullongh '49, a native of Lewisburg, greets General William C. 
Westmoreland following the first Protestant services in the new Military Assistance 
Command Vietnam Annex Chapel on Christmas Eve. Lt. Col. McCullough is a Chaplain 
for the 34th General Support Group, Aircraft Maintenance and Supply, which is head- 
quartered on the MACV Annex. (Photo by Lt. Thomas Gillette) 

First Lt. Thomas L. Conner '65, right, receives the Distinguished Flying Cross 
froin Major General George P. Seniff, ]r. 


Wins DFC 

For evacuating three wounded Vi- 
etnamese soldiers, Army First Lieu- 
tenant Terrance L. Conner '65 re- 
ceived the Distinguished Flying ~ 
Cross Sept. 8 at ceremonies held 
near Bien Hea, Vietnam. Major Gen- 
eral George P. Seneff, Jr., command- 
ing general of the 1st Aviation Bri- : 
gade, made the presentation. ; 

Lt. Conner earned the medal Aug. 
30 while flying a small plane near 
Ben Cat, Vietnam. He received a call ! 
from the senior American advisor to ' 
the Vietnamese ground troops saying ; 
that three soldiers needed to be evac- 
uated right away. Unable to secure i 
a medical evacuation helicopter, Lt. | 
Conner decided to try the rescue him- 
self. He landed his plane on the road I 
nearest the battle area and took out 
two wounded on the first trip. 

He then returned for the third , 
casualty and took him to the field i 
hospital where he had taken the oth- j 


ers. The mission completed, the lieu- 
tenant returned to the area and con- 
tinued to fly aerial reconnaissance 
missions for the ground forces. 

Lt. Conner is a member of the 74th 
Reconnaissance Airplane Company. 
He entered the Army in June 1965 
and was stationed at Ft. Rucker, 
Ala., before arriving in Vietnam in 
July of this year. 

The lieutenant, whose wife, the 
former Edith Mertineit '65, lives at 
402 N. Wheeling Road, Prospect 
Heights, III., received his commis- 
sion through the Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps program at Bucknell, 
where he received his bachelor of 
science degree in mechanical engi- 
neering. A brother of Lambda Chi 
Alpha, he was a member of the IFC 
and the Judicial Board. 

Saluted for Heroism 

Recipient of the Distinguished 
Flying Cross, the Silver Star, two 
Bronze Stars, Armv Commendation 
Medal, Vietnamese Cross of Gallan- 
try and 26 air medals, two for valor, 
Capt. E. Kirby Lawson III '60 has 
assumed new duties at Fort Rucker, 
Ala. He returned in September from 
a year's tour of duty with the 1st In- 
fantry Division in Vietnam. 

For the Distinguished Flvina 
Cross, he was cited for "heroism 
while participating in aerial flight." 
Capt. Lawson piloted a light obser- 
vation helicopter in support of an 
infantry battalion operating near the 
Cambodian border. He flew at tree- 
top level over the batde site, braving 
intensive hostile ground fire for six 
hours so the battalion commander 
could observe the situation and di- 
rect air strikes. 

He also used his aircraft to guide 
relief forces and evacuation helicop- 
ters into the area. When darkness 
fell, he remained over the area until 
resupply and reinforcement were 
completed and all wounded evacuat- 

The Captain is the son of Dr. E. 
Kirby Lawson, Jr. '32 and the former 
Esther E. Minich '31, Harrisburg. 
He resides now with his wife Bar- 
bara and their 19-month old son, E. 
Kirby Lawson IV, at 20 Antolak St., 
Ft. Rucker, Alabama 36360. 

Tells of Plight 

Dr. Robert R. Larsen '56, medical 
missionary to India, revealed in a 
letter to friends the loss of his mis- 
sion hospital to rampaging flood 

Bob and his wife, the former Nor- 
ma Fry '56, have served in India 
since 1963. They can be contacted 
at Nekursini Christian Hospital, 
Khatnagar P. O., Via Belda, Midna- 
pore Dist., W. Bengal, India. 

Here is Dr. Larsen's account of 
the tragic event: 

"Everyone is safe now, but on 
Sept. 3 I thought we were all about 
to die here in Nekursini Christian 
Hospital in West Bengal, India. 

"Heavy rains began Saturday, 
Sept. 2, and at 3 A. M. Sunday the 
water began pouring into the first 
floor of the hospital. We moved 
things higher, but in the next two 
hours the water rose three more feet 
and we began to worry about pa- 

"At 6:30 A. M. I had to do a for- 
ceps delivery with the mother on a 
camp cot, water up to my knees. 

"We moved the 16 patients, most 
of them in serious condition, four 
times in 24 hours. Finally, we took 
them to the roof where we pitched 
tents. This was our last stand. We 
were entirely surrounded by a sv\'ift 
current, like a river, with no boats 
or any means of rescue. If the rains 
hadn't subsided, we would all have 
been drowned. 

"The staff' members were the real 
heroes. They worked in water up to 
their heads — swimming to move or 
rescue patients. I'm awfully thank- 
ful that not a single life was lost. 

"Today — two days later — we're 
trying to estimate the hospital's loss- 
es. We haven't yet dug the X-ray 
out of the mud. Our entire White 
Cross shipment, which had just ar- 
rived, is gone. So are medicines, mat- 
tresses, blankets, food, clothes and 
four hostels where the high school 
boys lived. We're hoping the dam- 
age will not exceed 150,000 rupees 
(about $20,000). 

"Any money that people back 
home can send will help tremendous- 
ly. With the staff working around 
the clock to clean out (their devotion 

is unbelievable), we hope to have 
our hospital going again." 

Wins Promotion 

D. Lee Hamilton '57 has been ad- 
vanced to manager of Humble Oil's 
Wilkes-Barre District. The appoint- 
ment was effective on November 1. 

A native of Pittsburgh, Lee re- 
ceived his B.S. degree in chemical 
engineering from the University and 
an M.B.A. degree from the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh in 1965. He was a 
brother of Sigma Chi at Bucknell 
and served as vice president of the 
S. F. C. 

Lee joined Humble Oil as a sales 
trainee in 1957, was promoted to in- 
dustrial salesman at Philadelphia in 
1960, after a two-year tour of mili- 
tary duty, advanced to sales super- 
visor in Pittsburgh in 1963, and to 
assistant district manager in Pitts- 


burgh in 1966. 

He and his wife, the former Molly 
Molford '59, and their three young 
sons plan to move from Mt. Lebanon 
to Clark's Summit. 

College Official 

Dr. Stephen W. Roberts '32 has 
begun new duties as director of ad- 
missions at Alderson-Broaddus Col- 
lege, Philippi, West Va. He had 
served the college previously as a 
consultant on special programs to 
the president and director of de\'el- 

Dr. Roberts went to Alderson- 
Broaddus in 1966 after serving as 
Headmaster at Perkiomen for nearh' 
sixteen years. He recei\ed his B.S. 
degree from Alderson-Broaddus in 
1927 and an honorary Doctor of 
Laws degree in 1957. He also has a 
B.S. degree from Bucknell and a 
M.A. degree from New York Uni- 
versity. His alma mater remembers 
him as an outstanding student and 
as one of the college's four letter ath- 

During Dr. Roberts' sixteen years 
at Perkiomen the enrollment was 
doubled and five new buildings were 
constructed. In appreciation of his 
work the Perkiomen Trustees named 
one of the buildings Roberts Hall 
for Dr. and Mrs. Roberts. Prior to 
his work at Perkiomen Dr. Roberts 

MARCH 1968 


served as director of admissions and 
public relations at Wayland Acad- 
emy in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin. 
Since arriving at Alderson-Broad- 


dus Dr. Roberts has been instrumen- 
tal in revamping the A-B Parents' 
Association. He has also done work 
with Baptist Churches in West Vir- 
ginia and worked on several founda- 
tion projects. 

In announcing Dr. Roberts' ap- 
pointment Dr. Shearer said: "We are 
very pleased to have a man of Steve 
Roberts' abilities heading our admis- 
sions office. His experience in edu- 
cation will provide Alderson-Broad- 
dus with a vast amount of knowledge 
in the vital role of student recruit- 

Assumes New Post 

George J. Kuzmak '49 has been 
named to the newly-created position 
of technical service manager for 
thermosetting and specialty molding 
materials by Union Carbide Corpor- 
ation. Making his headquarters in 
Bound Brook, N. J., Mr. Kuzmak 
will work closely with customers 
throughout the country in the ap- 
plication of Bakelite phenolic mold- 
ino materials. 


Mr. Kuzmak was graduated from 
Bucknell University with a B.S. de- 
gree in chemical engineering in 1949. 
In 1962, he received an M.S. degree 
in management engineering from 
Newark College of Engineering. He 
joined Union Carbide's Plastics Di- 
vision here in 1950 as a quality con- 
trol engineer, and in 1957 was named 
assistant head of the quality control 
department. In 1958 he became qual- 
ity control supervisor, and the follow- 
ing year was appointed assistant head 
of the intermediate resins depart- 
ment. He was made supervisor of 
process engineering in the Phenolics 
department in 1960, and in 1962 be- 
came production supervisor of the 
phenolic thermosetting department. 
In 1965 he was appointed operations 
control supervisor of the phenolic di- 
vision, from which position he comes 
to his new assignment. 

Mr. Kuzmak is a member of the 
Society of Plastic Engineers. He re- 
sides with his wife and three children 
in Somerville, N. J. 

George ]. Kuzmak '49 

Inventor's Inventor 

Necessity supposedly mothers in- 
vention, but inventors sired an or- 
ganization called Inventors League, 
Inc. — a firm that offers legal pro- 
tection for an inventor's ideas and 
seeks a market for his products. Na- 
tional headquarters for ILI is in Phil- 

A Bucknellian who is an inventor 
himself, John E. Worsfold, Jr. '48, is 
director of marketing for the firm. 
He explains; "The concept on which 
the League was built, cooperation of 
a group of individuals with similar 
interests for the good of all, is not 
new but the application, I believe, 
is unique. We were granted our char- 
ter on January 14, 1963. We've sold 
enough inventions to insure the suc- 
cess of ILI but have hardly scratched 
the surface. New, important develop- 
ments happen with such rapidity 
that a fellow's head spins trying to 
keep up with them." 

Most of the developments came 
out of basic research supported in 
ever-increasing amounts by industry 
and government. Reliable estimates 
peg 1966 R&D costs at $15.2 billion, 
an increase over $1.6 billion over 
1965. But skyrocketing costs of ma- 
terials and talent indicate that indus- 
try will probably be spending $18 
billion per year on R&D by 1969. 

New products is the life blood of 
industry and the research of today 

is aimed at developing the products 
of tomorrow. Inventors League helps 
manufacturers overcome these R&D 
problems by working on both sides 
of the product development field. On 
one side are the items developed by 
member inventors. These are care-i 
fully scrutinized for usefulness, prac- 
ticahty, patent ability and need be-' 
fore they are presented for appraisal 
by manufacturers. On the other side' 
are the manufacturers who inform' 
Inventors League of items they would 
like to produce, but don't yet have. 

WTien an inventor comes up with 
a marketable product, the League 
negotiates for royalties. The inventor 
himself doesn't step in until the con- 
tract closing. Up to that point, all 
steps — from contacting manufactur- 
ers to negotiating royalties — are han- 
dled by League executives. 

In this sense, ILI is developing a 
new resource for American industry 
— the isolated inventors of America 
whose ideas may not be translated 
into more than a prototype on a shelf 
without the cooperative and coordi- 
nated talents of ILI. 

John Worsfold, Jr. is enthusiastic 
about the League and his work. A 
veteran of World War II, he re- 
ceived a B.S. degree in commerce and 
finance. Before beginning his duties 
with ILI, he operated his own firm, 
Jack Worsfold Associate, Identifica- 
tion Consultants, in Forest Hill, 
Maryland. Married to the former 
Betty Mae Geating, he is the father 
of three children. The Worsfolds re- 
side at 353 South Main St., Bel Air, 
Md. 21014. 

New Marketing Idea 

In a new marketing program, the 
Insulating Materials Division of 
Westinghouse Electric Corporation 
has appointed Clarke Chemical Com- 
pany as its manufacturer's represen- 
tative in New Jersey for its full line 
of paint vehicles. 

President of Clarke Chemical is 
Robert C. Brumberger '39, who has 
been affiliated with the paint indus- 
tries since 1950. The firm, located in 
Morris Plains, N. J., also represents 
five other prominent suppliers, in- 
cluding manufacturers of specialty 
chemicals, dispersions and steel pails.i 



Formerlv sales manager of the 
ihemical Industries Division of Nuo- 
i;x Products Company, Elizabeth, 
:■[. J., Robert received his B.S. de- 
ree in commerce and finance from 
Qcknell, and was a member of Phi 
appa Psi. He resides in Morris- 
I'wn, N. J., with his wife, Christine, 
id their two children. 

afety Award 

\ Thomas H. Wilkenson '33, U. S. 
rmy Safety Director, has received 
le Arthur Williams Memorial 
ward for outstanding contributions 
1 the field of safety engineering. The 
JA^ard was made by Thomas N. 
'Gate, president of the World Safety 
esearch Institute, Inc., N. Y., N. Y. 
A varsity member of the boxing 
[uad at Bucknell, Tom explained 
:is interest in safety engineering: 
Accident prevention became an ob- 
';ssion with me after I lost mv arm 
ti an industrial accident in 1934. I 
ttended the University of Pittsburgh 
ad received my master of letters de- 
iree in 1937. The main purpose of 
iiy graduate work was to prepare me 
pr the field of loss prevention. It 
'/as indeed gratifying to have my 
!'ork over the years recognized bv 
le World Safety Research Insti- 

The award originated in Philan- 
thropic bequests by Arthur Williams, 
first president of the American Mu- 
seum of Safety. It is given for ". . . 
outstanding achievement by inven- 
tion, development, plan or service in 
the interest of greater and improved 
industrial and general safety to hu- 
man life and limb." 

The Department of the Army Saf- 
ety Program embraces two million 
civilian employees and military mem- 
bers and their dependents at field in- 
stallations throughout the United 
States and overseas. 

Mr. Wilkenson was cited for "suc- 
cess in dealing with the wide variety 
of safety problems . . . facing the 
Army . . . the high degree of effec- 
tiveness of accident prevention activ- 
ity among Army military and civil- 
ian personnel . . . and unselfish dedi- 
cation to the cause of safety which 
has resulted in continued interest 
and effective activitv in both govern- 
mental and private safety organiza- 
tions . . ." 

Mr. Wilkenson, first career em- 
ployee in the Defense Department 
to receive this award, was appointed 
Safety Director on the staff of the 
Armv's Deputy Chief of Staff for 
Personnel in 1955, following prior 
service with the U. S. Army, Paci- 
fic, at Honolulu. 

nomas H. Wilkenson '33, second from right, was the recipient of the Arthitr Williams 
iemorial Award for outstanding contributions to the field of safety engineering. Award 
'as presented at ceremonies in Pentagon by Army Secretary Stanley R. Resor, left, to 
ir. Wilkenson's son, William '70, the award winner, and Mrs. Wilkenson. 

Mr. Wilkenson and his wife who 
reside at 7416 Burton wood Drive, 
Villa May, Alexandria, are parents 
of two sons, Thomas H., Ill, enrolled 
at the University of Missouri, and 
William M., a student at Ohio Uni- 

Colonel Retires 

After 27 years of active and re- 
serve service, Colonel Stanley L. Bar- 
cus '34 retired in December from 
military duties. 

Stanley was commissioned a second 
lieutenant in June 1940 and entered 
active duty in December of that 
year. He served at several stations 
in the U. S. before being assigned 
to the Pacific Theater of Operations 
for three years. He became an active 
reservist in 1947 and assumed com- 
mand in August 1962 of the 1102nd 
Civil Afi^airs Group of the Armv Re- 
serves Training Center, Horseheads, 
N. Y. He is a graduate of the Com- 
mand General Staff School, Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Now serving as director of Class- 
ification and Treatment for the New 
York State Department of Correc- 
tion at Elmira Reformatory, Stanley 
earned an M.S. degree from Elmira 
College and has completed post- 
graduate study at Cornell University. 
A past president of the Bucknell 
Alumni Club of Elmira, he is active 
in many local civic oroanizations. 

The retired officer is married to 
the former Nanette Chaitt (Vassar 
'46). They have three children: 
Steven, 16; Carolyn, 14; and Robert, 
10. The Barcus family resides at 602 
Foster Avenue, Elmira, N. Y. 

Hann Retires 

Thomas D. Hann, Jr. '26, resident 
manaser of the Toledo, Ohio, sub- 


office of Bethlehem Steel Corpora- 
tion's Detroit sales office, retired on 
October 31 after 40 years of service. 
Mr. Hann, a native of Browns- 
ville, Pa., is a graduate of Bucknell 
University with a bachelor of science 
degree in engineering. He joined 
Bethlehem Steel in 1927 as a mem- 
ber of that year's Loop Course, man- 
agement training program for college 
graduates, and was assigned to the 

lAKCH 1968 


sales department at the home office. 
In 1929, has was transferred to the 
Detroit sales office as a salesman. 

Mr. Hann who resides at 4334 
Sheraton Road, Toledo, was appoint- 
ed resident salesman in Toledo in 
1941, and served in that capacity un- 
til he was elevated to resident man- 
ager of the Toledo suboffice in 1964. 

Outstanding Young Women 

Thelma E. Adamson '57 and Carol 
Schellman Lapp '63 have been in- 
cluded in the latest volume of Out- 
standing Young Women of America. 
The volume is an annual biographi- 
cal compilation of women between 
the age of 21 and 35 who have dis- 
tinguished themselves in civic and 
professional activities. 

Both young women were the sub- 
ject of feature articles in the Septem- 
ber 1965 issue of The Bucknell 

Thelma is an aerospace life scien- 
tist with Lockheed Missile and Space 
Co. in California. Aside from the pro- 
fessional organizations of World Af- 
fairs Council, American Chemical 
Society and the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science, she 
is kept busy by hobbies which include 
cooking, sewing and photographv. 
She lived in Europe from 1959-60 
and most recently spent three weeks 
in the Orient. 

Carol is Mrs. David Lapp and her 
husband is a biologist. A member of 
Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi, Carol 
interrupted graduate studies in zo- 
ology at the University of Rhode Is- 
land for a career as housewife and 
mother. However, one day soon she 
plans to return to her studies as a 
candidate for the Ph.D. 

World Traveler 

Every time Karen Gilbert '66, of 
Cheverly, Maryland, flies west to 
Tokyo in her new job as a Pan 
American World Airways steward- 
ess, she makes a sentimental jour- 
ney home. 

The petite, blue-eyed redhead lived 
in Japan with her family in 1946-47. 
She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Richard Lynn Gilbert, 2800 Valley 
Way. Mr. Gilbert is an engineer in 
the Department of Defense. 

Karen Gilbert '66 

Miss Gilbert is a recent graduate 
of Pan Am's International Steward- 
ess College in Miami, Elorida, and 
is serving to the Far East and the 
South Seas, to Latin America and 
Europe. A pre-graduation training 
flight took her to San Juan, Puerto 
Rico, and other exotic Caribbean 

The new stewardess graduated 
from Bladensburg (Maryland) Se- 
nior High School and Bucknell Uni- 
versity where she was a member of 
the L'Agenda staff, English and 
Journalism honoraries. Chorus and 
Women's Student Government. Be- 
fore joining Pan Am she was a pro- 
grammer for the Chesapeake and Po- 
tomac Telephone Company in Fair- 
land, Maryland. 

University Official 

Dr. Fleber W. Youngken, Jr. '35 
has begun new duties as vice presi- 
dent at the University of Rhode Is- 
land. He has served this institution 
since 1957 as dean of the College of 

In addition to his B.A. degree from 
Bucknell, Vice President Youngken 
received a B.S. degree (1938) from 
the Massachusetts Collese of Phar- 
macv, an M.S. degree (1940) and a 
Ph.D. degree (1942) from the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota. 

A varsity basketball, soccer and 
baseball team member at Bucknell, 

he also served on the staffs of The 
Bucknellian and L'Agenda. 

He began his teaching career in 
1942 as an instructor in pharmacog- 
nosy at the University of Washing- 
ton, Seattle, Wash. He remained on 
the faculty of this institution until' 
1957, serving from 1952-57 as pro 
fessor and chairman of the depart- 
ment of pharmacognosy. 

Dr. Youngken is the co-authoi 
(with R. Pratt) of Pharmacognosy 
second edition, 1956; and Organic 
Chemistry in Pharmacy, 1949. He i; 
also the author of numerous scientif 
ic papers. 

He has been a member of the U 
S. Pharmacopoeia Revision Commit 
tee since 1950 and a fellow of th< 
American Academy of Arts and Sci 
ences since 1947. Included amonj 
his many professional affiliations an 
Sigma Xi, Phi Sigma Society, Pi Kap 
pa Psi, Kappa Xi, New York Acad 
emy of Science and the Society o 
Experimental Biology and Medicine 

His father, the late Dr. Heber V 
Youngken, was a member of Buc 
nell's Class of 1909 and his broth< 
Eugene, of the Class of 1947. 

Wins Promotion 

Roger W. Roth '52 is now servii 
as manager of the Kansas City, Kai 
plant of the Owens-Corning Fib« 
glas Corporation. Roger served pi 
viously as superintendent of tl 
firm's wool factory in Newark, Ohi 

A mechanical engineering gradt 
ate of Bucknell, Roger joined Ovi 
ens-Corning in 1955 as a mechari 
cal research technologist. From 195| 
61 he was assigned to the Pionee 
ing Research Laboratory. He wi 
then named process engineering si 
perx'isor for general products deve 
opment and, four years later, becani 
superintendent of the Aeroflex an 
mat factory superintendent in 196 

Roger was a member of Theta CI 
at Bucknell. He is married to tl 
former Mollie M. Brown '53 and., 
the father of five children. 

New Executive 

Charles B. Price '55 has been i 
pointed to the newly created positi 
of assistant to the president of t 
Braun-Crystal Manufacturing Cc 



designers and producers of custom 
gift packaging. 

Prior to joining Braun-Crystal, 
Charles was group marketing man- 
ager for food products at the Hamil- 
ton Beach Division of Scovill Manu- 
facturing, and national sales mana- 
ger of the Chemical Division of 
Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical. In 
his new post, he will be responsible 
for the administrative duties of the 
president's office and for long range 

A brother of Lambda Chi Alpha, 
he presently serves as assistant class 
fund manager. He lives at 32 Inter- 
laken Rd., Stamford, Conn, with 
his wife Susanne, and four children. 

European Contacts 

For sometime Bob Burnett '58 has 
been our European contact but he 
has now been transferred from his 
! assignment in Belgium. Taking over 
ifor him are Ernst Wallrapp '51 (34 
chemin ducal, Wezembeek-Oppem, 
Belgium) and Allen B. Macomber 
,'63 (400 Avenue Louise, Brussels 5, 

Bucknellians living or traveling in 
Europe are encouraged to contact 
Ernst and Al who will act as "ob- 
iservers" in Europe and will pass on 
:to the Alumni Headquarters in Lew- 
lisburg any news or changes of address 
that they receive. Let's all contact 
our European Headquarters at check 
jpoint Ernst and Al. 

■Award Winner 


\Prize-winning Editor Mrs. James R. 
Monteith, Jr., the former ]. Ann 
Kendall '65, received a Certificate of 
ilntfrovement, awarded hy Time-Life, 
for her work on the alumni magazine 
of Lebanon Valley College. Ann 
[joined the college publications staff in 
A'pril 1966, became director of fub- 
lications, and has edited the magazine 
since September 1966. Husband 
]ames '63, who holds an M.B.A. 
degree from the University of Penn- 
sylvania, is an account executive with 
Michener Associates, Harrisbura. The 

' CI 

,Monteiths live at Sprucehaven Farms, 
\Annville, Pa. 

New Credit Manager 

George A. Allen '38, has been ap- 
pointed credit manager of the Bir- 
mingham, Ala., and Jacksonville, 
Fla., districts for United States Steel 

A native of Harrisbure, Pa., Mr. 
Allen comes to Birmingham from 
Pittsburgh where he has served as 
United States Steel's Eastern Area 
credit manager since 1964. 

Mr. Allen holds a B.A. degree in 
economics from Bucknell University, 
an M.S. in finance from Duquesne 
Universitv and did post graduate 
work at Dartmouth College and New 
York University. 

Since joining United States Steel 
after World War II — during which 
time he spent four years with the 

Army Air Corps at Napier Field near 
Dothan, Ala. — Mr. Allen has been 
associated with the corporation's 
treasury and finance operations, most- 
ly in the Pittsburgh area. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allen, the former 
Marguerite Morley of Harrisburg, 
have one son, Morley V., who cur- 
rently is serving with the U. S. 

The Aliens make their Birming- 


ham home at 2304 Woodcreek Drive. 


MARCH 1968 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Lewisburs, Pa. 

Upper Montclair, N. J. 

Once again Bucknell Alumni have the responsibiHtv of selecting one of their 
number as a member of the University's Board of Trustees. The nominees 
whose photographs and biographical outlines appear here were selected by a 
committee of Alumni. Each nominee assisted Alumni Headquarters in the 
preparation of the biographical material to assure that it is complete. 

Early in April ballots will be mailed to all Alumni (graduates and non- 
graduates alike) whose addresses are known to be correct on our records. All 
Alumni are entitled to \'ote and are encouraged to do so. Each Alumnus will 
be asked to vote for one nominee and to return the ballot in the postage-free 
envelope to the Alumni Office by May 15, 1968. 

The secrecy of the ballot will be maintained by providing for no signature 
by the voter. Upon receipt of the ballot at Alumni Headquarters, it will be 
placed in a locked ballot box. During the week following the closing date, a 
committee of tellers will open the ballot box, tally the votes and certify the 
results to the chairman of the Board of Trustees of Bucknell University'. 






COLLEGE RECORD; B.S. in Electrical Engineering, Buck- 
nell Universit)', 1943; Graduate Courses in Business 
Management, Television Engineering, Illinois Institute 
of Technology; President, Cap & Dagger; WVBU Radio 
Workshop; Badminton; Intramural Softball, Soccer, 
Volleyball; Phi Eta Sigma; Student Faculty Congress; 
"Who's Who Among Students in American Universities"; 
Tau Beta Pi; Pi Mu Epsilon; Theta Alpha Pi; Torch and 

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1943-45, General Electric 
Company, Electric Engineer; 1945-50, Sauerman Bros., 
Inc., Editor of Technical Publications, Sales Promotion 
Manager; 1950-52, Penn Technical Institute, Assistant 
to Director; 1952-present, Business and Job Development 
Corporation, Director; 1967-present, Pittsburgh Com- 
merce Institute, Inc., Director and President. 

ORGANIZATIONS: Allegheny Roundtable: Director, 1954 
to present; President, 1957-60; Mendelssohn Choir of 

Pittsburgh: Director, 1953 to present; Vice President, 
1955; President, 1956; American Society for Engineering 
Education: Member, 1950 to present; American Insti- 
tute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers*: Member, 
1943 to present (*formerlv AIEE and IRE); Instrument 
Society of America: Member, 1959 to present; Pittsburgh 
Chapter, Association of Industrial Advertisers: Director, 
1959 to present; President, 1964-65; Vice President, 1963- 
64; Secretary, 1962-63; Treasurer, 1961-62; Member, 1959 
to present; Association of Industrial Advertisers: National 
Director, 1965-67; American Marketing Association: 
Member, 1963 to present; Pittsburgh Press Club: Mem- 
ber, 1955 to present; Downtown Club of Pittsburgh: 
Member, 1958 to present; Neighborhood Centers Asso- 
ciation of Pittsburgh: Director, 1959-1967; Chamber of 
Commerce of Greater Pittsburgh: Director, 1960-66; 
Pittsburgh Meeting, Religious Society of Eriends: Clerk, 
1965; Negro Educational Emergency Drive (NEED); 
Director, 1965 to present; Executives Public Relations; 
Society of America, Counsellor, 1960-present. 



PERSONAL record: Bom, February 25, 1919, New York, 
N. Y.; Married, Alice Zindel '42; Children: Lisa Jo, Born 
November 8, 1945; Dianne, born August 11, 1947; Laurie 
Ann, born November 19, 1949. 

BUCKNELL ACTIVITIES: Director, Bucknell Engineering 
Alumni Association, 1961-66; Member, William Buck- 
nell Associates. 


COLLEGE record: 1931-32, attended Bucknell University, 
Class of 1935; Sigma Chi. 

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1934, Accountins Division, 
State Highwav Dept., Harrisburg; 1935-37, Area Statis- 
tical Office, U. S. Government, Philadelphia; 1938-39, 
Procurement Division, Treasury Dept., Washington, D. 
C; 1940-41, Salesman, Essex Rubber Co., Trenton, 
N. J.; 1941-48, Purchasing and Sales, Owens-Corning 
[Fiberglas Co., Toledo, Ohio; 1948-49, Vice President and 
iSales Manager, Tensolite Corp., Tarrytown, N. Y.; 1949 
(to present. President, The J P M Company,, Lewisburg. 

'organizations: Former member. Union National Bank 
Board of Directors; Former member, Lewisburg School 
Board; Former Chairman, Union County Chapter of 
American Red Cross; President, Evangelical Community 
(Hospital Board of Directors; First Baptist Church, Lewis- 

personal record: Born, August 6, 1913, Knoxville, Pa.; 
Married, Margaret P. Blair '36; Children: Janet '66, 
John '69, and James; Parents, John H. Mathias '09 (De- 
ceased) and Margaret W. Pangburn Mathias '08; Broth- 
ers, Earl P. Mathias '39 and Roy P. Mathias '39; Nephew 
of Weaver W. Pangburn '10, Edward W. Pangburn '15, 
and Jessie W. Pangburn '23 (Deceased). 

BUCKNELL activities: 1953 to present. President of Bison 
Club; Member, Bucknell University Development Coun- 
cil; Charter Member, William Bucknell Associates; As- 
sistant Class Fund Manager, Class of 1935; Reunion 
Contact Chairman, Class of 1935; Patron, Bucknell Uni- 
versity; With brothers. Commencement, 1966, presented 
1 1 1-bell carillon for Rooke Chapel to Bucknell Univer- 
sity in honor of their mother; Received the Bucknell 
Chair, 1967. 


COLLEGE RECORD: A.B., Bucknell University, 1947; M.A., 
Bucknell, 1948; Sigma Chi, Alpha Chi Sigma; American 
Chemical Society; Cap and Dagger; Christian Associa- 
tion; Radio Workshop; Golf; Tennis; Track Team (Man- 

professional EXPERIENCE: 1948, Assistant to President, 
Foster D. Snell, Inc., New York, N. Y.; 1952, Assistant 
Treasurer, Foster D. Snell, Inc. New York, N. Y.; 1952, 
Director of Personnel and Public Relations and Assistant 
Treasurer, Foster D. Snell, Inc., New York, N. Y.; 1956, 
Public Relations Division, W. R. Grace & Co., New 
York, N. Y.; 1959, Manager of Chemical Public Rela- 
: tions, W. R. Grace & Co., New York, N. Y.; 1961, Direc- 
tor of Public Relations, W. R. Grace & Co., New York, 

organizations: American Chemical Society: National 
Councilor, 1960; Chairman, Subcommittee on Ethics, 
Professional Relations and Status Committee, 1962; New 
York Section, Chairman, Plant Trips Committee, 1958; 
I Chairman, Public Relations Committee, 1956-58; Ameri- 
can Institute of Chemists: Fellow, 1950; Chairman of 
Public Relations, 1960-64; Department Editor, "The 
Chemist;" Chairman, New York Chapter, 1953-54; Coun- 
cilor, New York Chapter, 1962; Manufacturing Chemists' 
Association: Member, Public Relations Activities Com- 
mittee, 1961; Chairman, Publicity Subcommittee, 1963; 
Member, Steering Committee; Chemical Industry Coun- 
cil; Vice Chairman, Public Relations Activities Commit- 
tee, 1965; Alpha Chi Sigma: Chairman, New York 
Professional Chapter, 1956; Toastmaster, 1958-61-63; Na- 

tional Chairman on Public Relations, 1963; Beekman- 
Dov^ntovvn Hospital Drive: Chairman, Chemical and 
Drug Section, 1961-63; Chemical Industry Association: 
Member, 1952, Director, 1962; Chemical Public Rela- 
tions Association: Member, 1960; Chemists' Club of New 
York: Chairman, Public Relations Committee, 1961-63; 
Industrial Research Magazine: Member, Advisory Board, 
1960-65; National Association of Science Writers: His- 
tory Committee, 1963; Public Relations Seminar: Mem- 
ber, 1963; Public Relations Society of America: Member, 
1961; St. lames Episcopal Church, Upper Montclair, 
N. J.: President, Men's Guild, 1962-63; Montclair Golf 
Club: Member, 1961; Growth Investment Club of New 
York: President, 1961; Fanning Personnel Agency: Di- 
rector, 1962; Listed in Who's Who in Public Relations, 
Chemical Who's Who. 

military RECORD: 1944-46, U. S. Navy, Executive Offi- 
cer, Landing Craft Amphibious Forces, South Pacific. 

PERSONAL RECORD: Bom, November 11, 1923, Palisades, 
N. J.; Married, Dorothy Dillenback '46 in 1944; Children: 
Diana L. '69, born May 12, 1947; Pamela lA., born 
March 28, 1950; Richard L. Moore, Jr., born October 
30, 1954. 

BUCKNELL activities: Member, Executive Committee, 
Bucknell Alumni Club of Northern New Jersey; Charter 
Member, William Bucknell Associates; Heating Plant 
Drive, 1949; Alumni Association Drive, 1958; Secretary/ 
Treasurer, Association of the Alumni and Undergraduates 
of Kappa Chapter of Sigma Chi, 1950; Member, Buck- 
nell Development Council, 1964; Member, Bison Club. 

i march 1968 








i ^^^# 

^ -'w 



Ricfiard D. Atherley '49 

Mrs. W. Vloyd Henderson 
(Barbara Kaiser 'SI) 

Mrs. Richard K. Kleppinger 
(Dorothea Bitner, M.D. '44) 

Eugene ]. Matthews '47 

This year Alumni will use a mail ballot to select four members of the 
board of directors of The General Alumni Association. This method was 
approved by adoption of changes in the by-laws at the Annual Assembly of 
the Association held during Reunion, June 4, 1966. 

The terms of three directors expire this year: Miss Audrey J. Bishop '45, 
Mr. Andrew W. Mathieson '50, and Dr. Melvyn L. Woodward '53. The 
election of four directors will add one new member, for a total of 17. An addi- 
tional director will be elected for the next three years until the new 20-member 
board is completed. 

All of the candidates whose credentials are presented here in brief have 
agreed to serve five-year terms on the board. They have been selected by a five- 
member nominating committee of Alumni. 

Ballots will be mailed to all Alumni on or about April 1, and all Alumni 
are eligible to vote. Deadhne for the return of ballots is May 15, 1968. 

Secrecy of the ballot will be maintained by providing for no signature by 
the voter, and all returned ballots will be kept in a locked ballot box at 
Alumni Headquarters until official tellers make their count. 



Alumni Board 

of Directors 

Jerry P. Olds '52 

Bruce M. Scott '51 

Frank W. Strickland '46 

Frederick S. Shehadi, Jr. '5' 




Richard D. Atherley '49 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

College Activities: B.S., Bucknell University, 1949 
(Originally Class of 1948); Lambda Chi Alpha, Vice 
President; Squid, Circulation Manager; "B" Club; Booster 
Club, Treasurer; Intramurals; Varsity Baseball; Sopho- 
more Class Treasurer; Senior Class Treasurer; Omicron 
Delta Kappa. 

Present Occupation: Manager, Personnel, Atomic Pow- 
er Divisions, Westinghouse Electric Corp. 

Alumni Activities: Past president, Bucknell Alumni 
Club of New York-New Jersey; Class Fund Manager. 

Mrs. W. Floyd Henderson 

( Barbara A. Kaiser '51) 
Haddonfield, New Jersey 

College Activities: B.S., Bucknell University, 1951; 
Pi Beta Phi; Bucknellian, Advertising Manager; Modern 
Dance; Cap and Dagger; W. A. A.; Intramural Sports. 

Present Occupation: Housewife; formerly Head of 
Commercial Department, Delhaas High School, Bristol, 
Pennsylvania, iVi years. 

Alumni Activities; Member, Bucknell Alumni Club 
of Southern New Jersey. 

Mrs. Richard K. Kleppinger 

(Dorothea Bittner, M.D. '44) 
;Reading, Pennsylvania 

College Activities: B.S., Bucknell University, 1944; 
Phi Sigma; Christian Association; Mixed Chorus; Student 
jCampus Club; Women's Glee Club. 

Present Occupation: Director of Health Education 
iCenter, Reading Hospital, Reading, Pennsylvania. 

Alumni Activities: President, Bucknell Alumni Club 
of Reading. 

Eugene J. Matthews '47 

Pottstown, Pennsylvania 

College Activities: B.S., Bucknell University, 1947 
(originally Class of 1944); Phi Gamma Delta, President; 
Student Facultv Congress; Booster Club; Who's Who 
Class Officer; Dance Committee Chairman; "B" Club 
Intramurals; Inter-Fraternity Council; Co-captain Varsity 

Present Occupation: Mill sales representative for Can- 
non Mills, Inc. (yarns). 

Alumni Activities: Former officer, Alumni Clubs of 
Providence, Rhode Island and Reading, Pennsylvania; 
Host to 25-year football squad. 

Jerry P. Olds '52 

Garden City, Long Island, New York 

College Activities: A.B., Bucknell University, 1952; 
Delta Upsilon; Pi Delta Epsilon; Cap and Dagger; Buck- 
nellian; Radio Workshop; Cinema Club; Bridge Club; 
Booster Club; Student Athletic Board; Who's Who in 
American Colleges and Universities. 

Present Occupation: Account supervisor, Advertising 
and Sales Promotion, Atomic and Boiler Divisions, The 
Babcock and Wilcox Company, New York, New York. 

Alumni Activities: Past president, Bucknell Alumni 
Club of Long Island. 

BruceM. Scott '51 

Harper Woods, Michigan 

College Activities: B.S., Bucknell University, 1951; 
Sigma Phi Epsilon; L'Agenda; Intramural Sports; 

Present Occupation: Engineer, Plymouth Product 
Planning Staff, Chrysler Corporation. 

Alumni Activities: Past president, Bucknell Alumni 
Club of Michioan. 

Frank W. Strickland '46 

Red Bank, New Jersey 

College Activities: A.B., Bucknell University, 1946 
(originally Class of 1944); Kappa Sigma; Varsity Soccer; 
Varsity "B" Club; Men's Glee Club. 

Present Occupation: Manager, General Motors Ac- 
ceptance Corporation, Monmouth, New Jersey. 

Alumni Activities: President, Bucknell Alumni Club 
of Monmouth and Ocean Counties. 

Frederick S. Shehadi, Jr. '56 

Maplewood, New Jersey 

College Activities: B.S., Bucknell University, 1956; 
Theta Chi; L'Agenda; Newman Club, Vice President; 
Freshman Football; Intramural Sports; Booster Club; 
Alpha Phi Omega. 

Present Occupation: Vice president of Sales, B. She- 
hadi & Sons Inc., East Orange, New Jersey. 

Alumni Activities: Past president, Bucknell Alumni 
Club of Northern New Jersey. 

march 1968 


Cite L'Agenda, WVBU 

Bucknell University's L'Agenda, 
and the student radio station, 
WVBU, were recently announced 
as award winners in a nationwide 
contest sponsored by Pi Delta Epsi- 
lon, national journalism fraternity. 

The 1967 yearbook, edited by Di- 
ane Miller Johnson and Eugene Ry- 
erson, both members of last year's 
praduatino class, placed second 
among schools with enrollments of 
2-3,000, and the student station, un- 
der the direction of Charles K. Saw- 
yer, currently a senior at Bucknell, 
was one of only three receiving 

Mrs. Johnson, who currently lives 
in Oxford, Ohio, is the daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Miller, Bay 
Crest, Huntington, N. Y., and Ry- 
erson is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
bur D. Ryerson, Hetherington Lane, 
Wayne, N. J. Sawyer is the son of 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. A. Sawyer, 
16 Academy Road, Madison, N. J. 

Pubhshed last June, the L'Agenda 
contains nearly 1,900 pictures and 
was produced bv a staff of 90 stu- 
dents. First place in Bucknell's en- 
rollment category was awarded to 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 
Troy, N. Y. 

Judges reviewing entries in the 
Radio-TV division of the contest did 
not designate first, second and third 
prizes, but instead awarded honor- 
able mention to Bucknell, the Uni- 
versity of Pittsburgh and Muhlen- 
berg College. The decisions were 
based on recording of special pro- 
grams submitted by the stations and 
an evaluation of the weekly format 
of each station. 

Award Grants 

The University Research Commit- 
tee has awarded summer research 
grants to nine faculty members. 

Recipients include Professors Mills 
F. Edgerton (Spanish), Harry R. 
Garvin (English), Donald L. Hart- 
ly and Nicholas Rohrman (Psycho- 
logy), Frank J. Little and David D. 
Pearson (Biology), W. Preston War- 
ren (Philosophy), Allan W. Grund- 
strom (French) and David J. Lu 


Dr. Harold E. Cook 

For Harold E. Cook 

The following tribute was -present- 
ed to the faculty in memory of Dr. 
Harold E. Cooke: 

In seeking for the word or phrase 
which would best sum up the char- 
acter of Harold Cook, a series of pic- 
tures flashes across the mind's eye: 
his conducting the men's glee club 
in a Kentucky folk song or a motet 
of Palestrina, showing visitors 
around his garden, driving slowly 
along the top of Montour Mountain 
rejoicing over the dogwood in flower, 
revelling in the discovery of a volume 
of rare Renaissance music or an In- 
dian statue, or poking his head out 
of his studio to find a student to 

whom he could give an extra piano 
lesson. Informing all these, and a 
thousand other activities, was an in- 
tense and joyous vitality. It expressed 
itself in vivid language, in concen- 
tration on getting students to under- 
Stand the mood of a composer and 
to acquire the technique to interpret j 
that mood, in preparing and deliver- 
ing lectures, and in the quick flash 
of wit. He was impatient of theory 
and of all that seemed to him remote 
from life. He approached directly 
the thing-in-itself — flower, bird song, 
and above all, painting, poetry, and 

It never occurred to Harold Cook 
that students had less interest in 
music than he had: he began not 
only each semester but each class 
with enthusiasm for his subject and 
delight in communicating it. Suc- 
cess in making something clear was 
the deepest of his many pleasures, 
and to "discharge into a vacuum" to 
use his phrase, was a sorrow. He had 
the rare gift of being able to sense 
the wav of explaining which would 
be meaningful to the person whom 
he was teaching, and these explan- 
ations were unpremeditated, as swift 
and vital as life itself. When his 
energies ran down to the normal 
level of most people he was puzzled 
and apologetic but even when he was 
suffering greatly, in the last months 
of his life, a private lesson or a class 
sent the vital currents racing in body 
and mind. 

His intellectual capacity for pur- 
suing the elusive and challenging, 
the esoteric and strange, and for tire- 
lessly seeking treasures of manu- 
scripts and books, and Oriental mu- 
sical instruments, is attested by the 
collections that filled the Cook home. 
Collecting was not a pose, assumed 
to impress a colleague, but a true fas- 
cination with cherishing the physical 
presence of a great mind, or a re-, 
mote culture and an alien way of 
thought. He was never so happy as 
when exhibiting a missal purchased 
by persuasive argument or a rem- 
nant of a five hundred year old Cop- 
tic manuscript, a trumpet made of a 
human thigh bone or his beautiful 
Broadwood piano of 1812 whose thin 
voice was tuned to the elegant parlor 
of the rococo. His enthusiasm for 



these possessions and for the new 
vistas they revealed was boundless 
and infectious, and his generous use 
of them to illuminate and make more 
taneible the history of music re- 
vealed the intense scholar-enthusiast- 
humorist his students and colleagues 
remember so vividly. 
! Although he believed, with Ten- 
i nyson's Ulysses, that "life piled on 
life were all too little," we who re- 
main can see that for sixty-three 
years he burned with a bright flame. 
We remember him with affection and 
will sorely miss him. 

Benton A. Kribbs 

Benton A. Kribbs, athletic direc- 
tor and former head basketball coach 
at Bucknell University, died Friday, 
Jan. 12. 

Mr. Kribbs, who had been affili- 
ated with Bucknell since 1952, held 
a bachelor of science degree in educa- 
tion from Clarion State College, 1939, 
and a master of science degree from 
Bucknell, 1959. 

After serving at high schools in 
Rimersburg and Freeport, he was an 
athletic director from 1946 to 1948 
in the U .S. Army, then a coach at 
Clarion State College from 1949 to 

At Bucknell, he was a basketball 
coach from 1952 to 1962 and served 
as athletic director from 1962 until 
his death. 

He was president of the Eastern 
College Athletic Conference in 1966 
after serving as its vice president in 
1965. During the Penn Relays in 
Philadelphia in 1966, he served as 
an honorary referee. 

Surviving are his wife, the former 
Carol Haskell; three sons, Robert H., 
a Harrisburg area teacher; William 
J., a student at Lycoming College, 
and John B., a Bucknell sophomore; 
a brother, Phillip, of Pittsburgh, and 
two sisters, Mrs. William Thoran, 
of Knox, and Mrs. Betty Laddin, of 
Shawnee Mission, Kans. 

Publishes Study 

Richard J. Peterec, assistant pro- 
fessor of geography at Bucknell Uni- 
versity, is the author of Dakar and 
West African Develofment recently 

published by Columbia University 

The book by Professor Peterec, 
who joined the Bucknell faculty in 
February, 1961, is a study of the 
economic role of the port of Dakar, 
the political, commercial, industrial 
and cultural center of French West 
Africa before the federation broke 
up in 1959. Emphasis is placed on 
how independence for the surround- 
ing colonial territories affected Da- 

Recipient of a bachelor of arts de- 
gree from Queens College, a law de- 
gree from New York University and 
a master of science degree in eco- 
nomic geography from Columbia, 
Professor Peterec was on the faculty 
at Queens and Hunter Colleges and 
was a research associate with the de- 
partment of economic geography at 
Columbia before coming to Buck- 

He is on leave from Bucknell dur- 
ing the current academic year while 
studying at the University of Stras- 
bourg in France. 

Bison Booters 

Just before the season started, 
Craig Reynolds, Bucknell's first-year 
soccer coach, was asked what kind 
of team he was going to have. His 
reply was, "We're young and inex- 
perienced, but we're goining to hus- 
tle. " And hustle they did. Reynolds 
took a squad of 19 sophomores, two 
juniors and a senior, and taught them 
defense. The Bisons held the oppo- 
sition to 21 goals in 12 contests. The 
team's opening victory over Lafayette, 
4-2 in double overtime, was an indi- 
cation of the good things to come. 
After losing to perennial powerhouse 
Elizabethtown in the second same, 
2-1, the Bisons stampeded over three 
opponents in a row. Loval soccer fans 
were finding this hard to believe. 
This was more victories than the team 
had had in the entire 1966 season. 
They did lose games to West Chester, 
Pitt and Penn State, but finished up 
the year by beating Delaware 3-2 in 
a snowstorm. 

With an 8-4 record, the soccermen 
had set a new single season record 
for most wins, breaking the old mark 
of seven in 1960. The Bisons were 
6-2 in league play, good enough for 

third place in the Northern Divis- 

Sophomore lineman Bob Kline of 
Bel Air, Md. and junior co-captain 
Art Kurz of Mountainside, N. J. 
were selected on the MAC Northern 
Division All-Star First Team. For 
Kurz, it was his second nomination. 
Kurz was invaluable to the team as 
a defensive player in addition to scor- 
ing seven goals. His experience and 
knowledge had a steadying influence 
on the younger members of the squad. 

Leading scorer on the team was 
sophomore center forward Dave Rath 
of Convent Station, N. J., with nine 
goals. Kurz was second, followed by 
sophomore Jon Apgar, Cranford, N. 
J., with five. 

A fine team of experienced play- 
ers will return to Coach Reynolds 
next season with only co-captain John 
Willett, Syosset, N. Y. graduating. 

Havrilak's "Day" 

Tuesday, November 28, was quite 
a day for Bucknell junior Sam Hav- 
rilak from Monessen. During the 
day the announcement came from 
the Middle Atlantic Conference 
headquarters that Havrilak had been 
named the A4VP and first team quar- 
terback on the All-League squad. He 
was only the second junior to receive 
the MVP award. The other was for- 
mer Bison Tom Mitchell. 

In the evening, the Bison eleven 
was honored at the annual Touch- 
down Club dinner at Swartz Hall 
and Havrilak was named captain of 
the 1968 gridiron squad. The 6-1, 
185-pounder did everything for the 
Herd this year. He led the team in 
rushing, passing, total offense, punt- 
ing and scoring. On two occasions 
in the Penn game. Coach Carroll 
Huntress inserted Sam into the game 
as a defensive back. 

In addition to Havrilak, four oth- 
er All-MAC choices and 12 seniors 
were honored by the Club. Bucknell 
members on the Conference first 
team were offensive tackle Paul Mac- 
zuzak, Ellsworth, selected for the 
third year in a row; offensive guard 
Dick Weaver, Kane; defensive end 
and captain Dick Kaufmann, Egg 
Harbor, N. J., his second selection; 
and defensive middle guard Bill Lud- 
wig, McKees Rocks. 

MARCH 1968 


Charles C. Fries '09 

Bucknell lost a most honored for- 
mer teacher and dedicated alumnus 
with the death on December 8, 1967 
of Charles Carpenter Fries, Ph.D. 
'09. Charles came to Bucknell from 
his hometown of Reading, Pennsyl- 
vania and earned the A.B. degree as 
valedictorian of his class in 1909, 
followed bv the M.A. degree from 
Bucknell in 1911 and a Doctor of 
Philosophy degree from the Univer- 
sity of Michigan in 1922. 

He served as instructor, Assistant 
Professor and Professor of English at 
Bucknell until 1920 when he joined 
the staff at the University of Michi- 
gan. He retired after 31 years of serv- 
ice on the Michigan faculty during 
which time he had published more 
than 15 books. Following retirement 
he lectured in the Far East, London, 
Pakistan and at the University of 
Pennsylvania. Long a leader in manv 
organizations concerned with the 
teaching of English, he is probably 
most famous for his effort in establish- 
ing and directing the English Lan- 
guage Institute, a program of teach- 
ino Enslish as a foreign language to 
students coming to the United States 
for post-graduate education. Buck- 
nell University has conducted an 
English Language Institute each 

o bo 

summer on its campus for many years. 
Charles is survived by his widow, 
the former Agnes Carsivell '19 and 
five children. 

Daniel A. Poling 

The Rev. Dr. Daniel A. Poling, a 
leader in American Protestantism for 
over half a century and a member of 
the University's board of trustees 
since 1944, died suddenly on Wednes- 
day, February 7. He was 83. 

Recipient of an honorary Doctor 
of Divinity degree from Bucknell in 
1946, Dr. Poling Tuesday evening 
addressed a dinner meeting sponsored 
by the Interfaith Chapel of the Four 
Chaplains.- His son, Clark, a chap- 
lain, was one of four clergymen who 
went down with the troop transport 
Dorchester after they had surrendered 
their life jackets to men who had 
none. The chapel is dedicated to the 
memory of these four heroic chap- 

A vigorous activist who achieved 
success as a preacher, novelist, essay- 
ist, editor and foundation executive. 
Dr. Poling played a role in almost 
every major social and political strug- 
gle of this century. 

During the election of 1912, at 
the age of 27, he campaigned in Ohio 
as a candidate for governor on the 
Prohibition ticket. Although too 
voung to serve, even if elected, he 
received 47,000 votes and became a 
national leader of the Prohibition 

In the early years of radio broad- 
casting, he began a weekly program 
on the National Broadcasting Com- 
pany network and developed a na- 
tional following. As editor of the 
Christian Herald from 1925 to 1961, 
he brought that publication to na- 
tional prominence. 

"The whole United States is his 
parish," the playwright Robert Sher- 
wood once said of him, yet his in- 
terests spanned the world. He worked 
and traveled in more than 50 coun- 
tries in behalf of relief projects and 
Christian missions. At his death he 
was still president of Christian Her- 
ald Charities, which operates the fa- 
mous Bowery Mission and other 

Dr. Poling was born on November 
30, 1884, in Portland, Oregon, one 
of nine children of Charles C. Pol- 
ing, a Dutch Reformed clergs'man, 
and his wife, Savilla Ann, one of the 
first women evangelists in the West. 
As a youth he worked as a lumber- 
jack, newspaperman, and a farmer. 
A .six-foot, broad-shouldered phvsique 
helped him become a star fullback 
at Dallas College, from which he 
graduated at the top of his class. He 
did his theological work at Lafayette 
(Oregon) Seminary and Ohio State 

His first parish was in Canton, 
Ohio. From 1923 to 1929 he was 
pastor of the Marble Collegiate 
Church, from which he resigned to 
serve abroad with the International 
Society of Christian Endeavor. Dur- 
ing World War I Dr. Poling served 
in France with the U. S. Army and 
was severely gassed. After the war 
he stayed on to do relief and rehabili- 
tation work. 

In 1936 he became minister of the 

Baptist Temple in Philadelphia, a 
move that necessitated his becoming 
re-baptized as a Baptist. 

Dr. Poling once said that the biog- 
raphy of Jesus could be summed up 
in five words: "He went about do- 
ing good." And he told an interview- 
er: "I believe the Gospel is first, per- 
sonal and always social. The place 
of the church is not to change society, 
but to change men and women who 
will then do the changing of socie- 

During his more than two decades 
as a trustee of the University, Dr 
Poling always found time in his busy 
schedule for service to Bucknell. A 
Patron of the University, he once 
said that he became interested in 
Bucknell as a young man through 
the great Christy Mathewson '02,| 
"whose pitching prowess and Chris- 
tian character are still well remem- 
bered and honored." 

His survivors include a son, six 
daughters, 20 grandchildren and sev- 
en great-grandchildren. 

A daughter, Mrs. Philip H. Roy, 
the former Treva M. Poling, is a 
member of the Class of 1943. Mr. 
Roy is a member of the Class of 1942. 
Two grandchildren are currently stu- 
dents at Bucknell, Philip C. Roy and 
Mrs. John J. Murphy, the former, 
Sandra Roy, both members of the 
Class of 1969. 

Killed in Vietnam 

Another Bucknellian was lost in 
the Vietnam war with the death of[ 
Major A. Robert Toal '58 on Saturday 
night, January 6, 1968. Major Toal 
was killed during an ambush in the 
Mekong Delta area of Vietnam where 
he had been serving as adviser to 
the South Vietnamese Army. He was 
apparently riding in a jeep when; 
the ambush occurred. 

Bob had been a career Army officer' 
and has served in Korea and in Ber- 
lin, where he met his wife, the former, 
Annette Scholer, who survives, with 
his son, Thomas Robert, 16 months. 

He is also survived by his mother, 
Mrs. Gertrude G. Toal, and two 
brothers, William R. Toal, Jr. '54, 
married to the former Lolita C. Bun-i 
nell '57, and John H. Toal, Esq. '60.; 




Zlub representatives covered wide range of subjects in several working sessions. 

Sandy Sanger '44, president of North- Panel members, left to right, John P. Dimlop, dean of men; Mary Jane Stevenson, dean of 
em California Club. women; Robert D. Hunter '49, V. P. of GAC, and Dean of Student Affairs John C. Hayward. 



One topic of discussion at January 27 
sessions was the convocation to be held on 
campus May 3 and 4. Exploring topic 
in photo at left are, left to right, Ned 
Miller '53, president of Westchester, N. 
Y., Club, Mrs. Miller, Pdchard Klaber 
'55, president of Pittshirgh Club, Bill 
Weist '50, Alumnus editor, and Andrew 
Mathieson, president of General Alumni 

(see other photos on back cover) 

At left. Dr. Melvyn Woodward 
'53, associate director of Alumni 
relations, and James Pangburn 
'54, V. P. of GAC. At right, 
Howard Kidp '29, president of 
South Jersey Club, and Mrs. 
Kulp study programs. 


Published every month except February, June and August 
for Alumni and friends of Bucknell University. Entered as 
second-class matter December 30, 1930, at the post office at 
Lewisburg, Pa. 17837, under Act of August 24, 1912. 



Above, left to right, Bryon LeCates '55, -preudent of York Club, 
Ronald Pedrick '60, director of development, and Wayne Harrison 
'51, president of Harrishurg Club, discuss new programs. 

President Charles Watts and John Hayward, dean of student 
affairs, chat with Earl Grose '44, new president of Baltimore 
Club, at right. 



In photo at left. Dr. ]. Steele Gow, vice pres 
ident for planning and development, at right 
outlines program for, left to right, Mrs. Doug 
las Burt, Douglas Burt '42 and Kenneth Bay 
less, Esq., '42, both members of the Genera 
Alumni Association board of directors. 

Representatives of 31 Bucknell Clubs at 
tended the two-day Council sessions on Frida- 
and Saturday, January 26 and 27. Sixty per 
cent of the University's 23,000 Alumni wer: 
represented by the 38 Club officers who cam: 
to the campus for the second annual Counci 
meeting as guests of the board of director 
of The General Alumni Association. 

(other photos inside back cover) 

Chief architects of the Council sessions were James 
Pangburn '54, vice president of the General Alumni 
Association, and Dr. Melvyn Woodward '53, asso- 
ciate director of Alumni relations. Improving club 
operations and examination of organizational struc- 
ture were two items surveyed at sessions. 

Photo at right, clockwise, Raymond Shaw '51, 
director of GAC; George Woodward '51, president 
of Columhus, Ohio, Club; and Albert Pursley '55, 
Sharon Club, share x'iews on proposals made at 





July 1968 


S 2 2 
i r i * r 


John H. "Buck' Shott '22 


125 th Anniversary 
Challenge Campaign 

$7 Million — Buildings 
$5 Million — Endowment 

The Bucknell Alumnus 

Vol. LIV, No. 1 

July, 1968 

Published by Bucknell University 
Lewisburg, Pa. 17837 

An objective of $12 million has 
been set for the 125 th Anniversan 
Challenge Campaign authorized bj 
the board of trustees at their Jum 
meeting. In announcing the cam 
paign, "Dr. William R. White '26 
H'59, chairman of the board, dis 
closed that the total includes $7 mil 
lion to be raised in the next 3( 
months to meet high priority' build 
ing needs and $5 million to be raisec 
bv a concurrent effort, as soon as pos 
sible, to meet endowment needs. 

Announcement of the campaigi 
was a highlight of the annual Alumn 
luncheon. In 1971 the Universit 
will mark the 125th Anniversary o 
its founding in 1846 as the 100th in 
stitution of higher learning in Amei 

Charles J. Kushell '27, a truste 
who has accepted appointment a 
national chairman of the Challeng 
Campaign, told more than 1,10 
Alumni at the luncheon that, as c 
June 1, the Universitv had receivei 
$2 million in advanced gifts an 
pledges of support toward the twc 
phase objective of the developmeii 

The $12 million objective is fly 

Editor — William B. Weist '50 
Photos— Ralph Lasud 

times that of the Dual Development 
campaign which ended in 1962 with a 
total fund of $2,400,000. The $2 mil- 
lion already raised in the Challenge 
Campaign represents 83 percent of 
the amount raised in the last capital 
effort, BucknelFs largest to date. 

In his announcement. Dr. White 
stated that the Challenge Campaign 
was the first step in a long-range pro- 
gram to raise $33 million over the 
next ten years. He thanked the al- 
most 2,500 alumni, parents and 
friends who had met in 72 areas 
throughout the United States in the 
past year to assist the Board in de- 
termining the objective of the cam- 

"The Board of Trustees," he said, 
"is not unmindful of what it is that 
we are asking of all Bucknellians. 
The Board is committed to the suc- 
cess of this campaign. It can be done. 
With your continued assistance we 
;are confident that it will succeed." 

President Charles H. Watts told 
the luncheon audience that the Chal- 
lenge Campaign had received the 
early support of Dr. Arnaud C. Marts, 
jpresident of Bucknell from 1935 to 


National Chairman 

Mr. Charles ]. Kushell '27, at left, has 
accepted a-ppointment hy the hoard of 
trustees as national chairman of the 125th 
Anniversary Challenge Campaign. 

1945. In conveying to the Alumni the 
greetings of Dr. Marts and his regret 
that he could not attend the lunch- 
eon, Dr. Watts reported: "Last Mon- 
day I received from Dr. Marts his 
expression of hope that the Challenge 
Campaign will receive the support 
of the entire Bucknell family. Ac- 
companying the letter was a substan- 
tial six-figure gift from Dr. and Mrs. 
Marts, in the form of a life income 
agreement to be applied toward the 
endowment phase of the campaign." 

In commenting on the campaign 
objectives, Mr. Kushell acknowledged 
the fact that the announced figures 
are challenging ones. "This cam- 
paign," he said, "is a tribute to the 
vitality and strength of Bucknell. It 
is important because our continued 
success is important. I trust that vou 
will join with me and my fellow 
trustees in the great work for the 
future of Bucknell." 

The Challenge Campaign began 
June 1, 1968 and is planned to close 
on June 1, 1971 in the 125th vear of 
the University's founding. Detailed 
plans for the campaign will be forth- 
coming in the immediate future. 

Dr. C. Willard Smith, secretary of the 
faculty, speaks at dedication of Marts Hall, 
Saturday, June I. In hack are Dr. William 
R. White '26, left, and President Charles 
H. Watts. 

Mr. John H. "Buck" Shott received a 
memento of his long service to Bucknell 
at Alumni luncheon. {See hack cover and 
story on page 2.) 

President Watts, who received an honor- 
ary doctor of law degree in June from 
the Dickinson School of haw, presents 
honorary doctor of science degree to Dr. 
Martin M. Cummings '41, director of 
the National Library of Medicine. Below, 
Dr. Kurt Mnnrodt, jr. '39 receives Alumni 
Award for Service to his Fellow Men from 
]ames Panghurn '54, at right. Also hon- 
ored were Neal S. Blaisdell '26, mayor of 
Honohdu, and Robert L. Cooley '36, 
Johnstown, N. Y. Dr. A. Guy Freas H'57 
received the Bison Club Award for I96S. 

He has been known for two decades 
and will be remembered for many more 
decades as 

The Man for All Classes 

When Buck Shott '22 hits the 
road, he knows his destination and 
the shortest, or most scenic, or most 
Alumni-filled route. 

For Buck is a man who lays ad- 
vance plans, who thinks of details. 
He also is a fellow who developed a 
hobby of collecting road maps many 
years ago, and his knowledge of high- 
ways, thruways, bypasses, short-cuts, 
and scenic by-ways is almost as phe- 
nomenal as is his prodigious memory 
— a kind of human IBM programmed 
with the names of more than 23,000 
Bucknell Alumni. 

"The Hello Spirit" is how he char- 
acterizes the warm reception he al- 
ways receives from Alumni on his 
frequent trips across the nation to 
visit Bucknell Clubs. Through his 
18 years as Alumni Secretary, he has 
made many friends and, though his 
business is official, his visits are al- 
ways personal — always sparked by 
isome witty story or the evocation of 
some heartwarming memorv some- 
times gleaned from the whispering 
ivy (which many believe has a wire- 
tap on the Alumni files). 

Some of his friends jokingly accuse 
him of responsibility for "putting the 
Buck in Bucknell," and he does ad- 
mit to some serious attempts to put 
some fun in past fund drives. But no 
one has ever accused him of lacking 
enthusiasm for Bucknell — an enthusi- 
asm which has been abundantly evi- 
dent every day since he began his 
duties at the University in 1950. 

His constant companion through 
these years — an unofficial assistant 
editor of the Alumnus, researcher, 
typist, clerk, cook, hostess, and . . . 

"Trix" Shott and her two grandchildren: 
Gregory, 9, at right, and Peter, 5. 

is the gal Alumni learned to call Trix. 
Her real name is Beatrice and her 
husband fondly calls her "my bride 
of 43 years." 

Buck and Trix have decided to 
study the Shott Collection of Road 
Maps just a bit more closely in the 
coming years while they go into par- 
tial retirement. Though he confesses 
that he has laid in a goodly store of 
pipe tobacco and has purchased a 
few choice briars, he will shed his 
title as Director of Alumni Relations 
to become a special consultant for 
the University's Challenge Cam- 
paign. He will still carry a full brief- 
case from office to home and back 
again, but he is handing direction 
of Alumni Affairs to Dr. Melvyn 

Woodward '53, who began his ser- 
vice as Director of Alumni Relations 
on July 1. Mel has been handling the 
associate's post for the past year. 

"No one really replaces Buck. He's 
an institution all by himself," Mel 
stresses. "But we will try from today 
to match the accomplishments of the 
Buck Shott years in Alumni Relations 
at Bucknell." 

Those Buck Shott years began in 
1950. John Henry Shott came to the 
University after serving four years 
as administrative assistant to the su- 
perintendent of the Reading School 
District. He had served previously, 
from 1934 to 1946, as a teacher of 
business education in the Reading 
High School and as an instructor of 
accounting at Albright College. He 
also served for eight years as trea- 
surer of a Reading business firm. 

A native of Lebanon, he received 
his B.S. degree in economics and his 
M.S. degree in education from the 
University of Pennsylvania. He also 
completed one semester of studies at 
Bucknell in 1918, and is one of the 
most loyal members of the Class of 
1922. A son, John H., Jr. is a loyal 
member of the Class of 1950, daug- 
ter-in-law Barbara Renninger Shott 
is a loyal member of the Class of 
1955, and two grandsons are aspiring 

Already feted and honored by 
Alumni in Philadelphia and at the 
June 1 Reunion luncheon. Buck and 
Trix are enjoying a well-earned sum- 
mer vacation. Both will be hard at 
work again next year, in a new job, 
but Buck still remains The Man for 
All Classes. 

JULY 1968 


1968 Class Gift 

The Class of 1968 is breakino new 
ground to initiate a Class Gift pro- 
gram which thev hope will become a 
tradition at Bucknell. At press time, 
sixty-five percent of the class have 
pledged contributions of $3,952 per 
year in a program of investment 
which could yield a $50,000 gift to 
the University at their Tenth Re- 
union in 1978. 

Under the direction of Reunion 
Gift Chairman William M. Rein- 
hardt, the seniors examined tradi- 
tional programs. They found that, 
as far back as 1865, graduating class- 
es have presented the University with 
some token of appreciation for their 
years at Bucknell. The entrance gates 


at the foot of the Hill, lamp posts and 
benches across campus, many of the 
trees that beautify the landscape have 
been typical class gifts. 

The Class of 1968, meditating the 
future, decided on a long-range in- 
vestment program which thev saw as 
of greater significance for the decades 
to come. They realized that virtually 
all of the assets of the University 
have come from gifts of Alumni, par- 
ents and friends and that tuition fees 
cover only slightly more than 80 per- 
cent of the direct educational costs 
concurred by Bucknell each year. 
The balance of these funds have been 
made up through income from en- 
dowment and current gifts to the 

With these two thoughts in mind, 
the Class has decided to set up an 
investment program into which mem- 
bers will be asked to make small 
yearly contributions. In this manner 
the Class of 1968 will be able to fos- 
ter and maintain its identity and at 
the same time lay the ground-work 
for the presentation to the University 

William M. Reinhardt, president of the 
Class of 1968, explains class gift at Alum- 
ni luncheon. 

of a significant gift at some future 

The original monies which come 
from the Senior Class Treasurer and 
all future contributions from class 
members will be invested in two Mu- 
tual Funds — Enterprise Fund and 
Oppenheimer Fund. All capital gains 
and dividends will be continually re- 
invested in the fund until a Reunion, 
no sooner than the 10th nor later 
than the 25th. Prior to the Reunion 
at which the gift will be presented to 
Bucknell, all participating class mem- 
bers will be given an opportunity to 
vote on how the money should be 

An organization made up of Senior 
Class members was set up to visit 
with and explain the Senior Class 
Reunion Gift Program to all mem- 
bers of the Class of 1968. To date 78 
percent of those who have been asked 
to participate in this program have 
agreed to do so and have signed a 
pledge. Currently, a follow-up cam- 
paign is being conducted to contact 

the 93 Seniors who have not yet re- 

The investment committee was 
chaired by John T. Willis, who also 
served as vice chairman for Indepen- 
dent Men, and included as members 
Gerald M. Lichen, Marilyn C. Olson 
and Judson C. Porter. Louise A. 
Powell headed the publicity commit- 
tee assisted by F. Roger Ketcham, J. 
Phillip Sheesley, Dorothy Stelzen^j 
muller and Wendelyn Wakemanl 
Mary Roberts served as vice chair- 
lady for Sorority Women and Judith 
Kerr headed the drive among Inde- 
pendent Women. P. George Benson 
serves as vice chairman for fraternity 
men and fund captains included 
Scott C. Noble, Mark F. Vetter, and 
David P. Wolper. 

At this time, 327 Seniors havt 
pledged $3,952 per year toward thii 
outstanding program. This represent 
approximately 65 percent of th( 
Class. When these yearly contribu 
tions are added to the original invest 
ment of approximately $2500, pas 
performance would indicate that 
gift in excess of $50,000 at the lOtl 
reunion is well in their reach. 

New Trustees 

Jay P. Mathias '35, Lewisburg, wa! 
elected by Alumni vote to a five-yea, 
term on the University's board 
trustees. He replaces Dr. Charles I 
Fox '31, Vandergrift. 

President of the Bison Club sinc| 
1953, Jav is active in a variety cj 
other Bucknell activities. He is pres 
dent of the JPM Company, Lewi 
burg, and is chairman of the boat: 
of directors of the Evangelical Cor 
munity Hospital. 

Mr. Siegfried Weis, Sunbur 
president of Weis Markets, Inc., al;! 
was named to the board of trustee) 






A magna cum laude graduate of Yale 
University, Mr. Weis is a life-sponsor 
of the Kauffman Library, Sunbury, 
a director of the Sunbury Communi- 
ty Hospital and is presently serving 
as chairman of the leadership gifts 
committee of the Geisinger Medical 

Re-elected to the board were Dr. 
Arthur L. Brandon M.A. '27, Dr. 
Dedev Bronk H'57, William R. 
White '26, H'59, and E. Wallace 
Wilkinson '29. Dr. White was also 
re-elected chairman of the board, 
i Robert L. Rooke '13, H'51, was re- 
1 elected secretary, and John F. Zeller 
III '41 was re-elected assistant secre- 

Appointed Editor 

Dr. Mills F. Edgerton, professor of 
Spanish and chairman of the newly 
created department of modern lan- 
; guages, literatures and linguistics at 
I Bucknell University, has been ap- 
' pointed editor of the "Report of the 
Working Committees" of the North- 
east Conference on the Teaching of 

■ Foreign Languages. 

j The Northeast Conference is the 
I largest and most distinguished con- 
ference in the world dealing with the 
teaching of foreign languages and the 
I "Reports" are read by language 
! teachers throughout the world. 
! A member of the Bucknell faculty 
j since 1960, Dr. Edgerton received a 
j bachelor of arts degree from the Uni- 

■ versity of Connecticut and master of 
arts and Ph.D. degrees from Prince- 
ton University. 

Bucknellian Editor Gains 
National Honor 

1 Lawrence B. Baker '70, editor-in- 
i chief of The Bucknellian, the weekly 
student newspaper at Bucknell Uni- 
! versity, has been named a prize win- 
1 ner in the annual nationwide contest 
sponsored by Pi Delta Epsilon, na- 
tional journalism fraternity. 

A former sports editor on the news- 
paper. Baker won second place in the 
sports writing category for a column 
written following Bucknell's 13-8 
football loss to Temple last fall. 
Entries were judged by George Ross, 
sports editor of the Oakland (Calif.) 

I JULY 1968 

Dr. W. Norwood Lowry '22, at 
right, receives award from Sigma 
Pi Sigma, national science fra- 
ternity, from Jonathan Wells 
'69. Award recognizes Dr. Low- 
ry's 20 years of service to the 
group, of which he is a charter 

Announce Retirement 

Tv\'o distinguished members of the 
Bucknell University faculty. Dr. W. 
Norwood Lowry '22, professor of 
physics, and Dr. Wayne E. Manning, 
professor of botany, retired with 
emeritus rank at the end of the 1967- 
68 academic year. Both men have 
been feted by colleagues, former stu- 
dents and friends for their manv con- 
tributions to their disciplines and to 
the University. 

Dr. Lowry received his B.S. degree 
in electrical engineering with dis- 
tinction, cum laude, and his Ph.D. 
from Cornell in 1929. He was ap- 
pointed instructor in physics at Buck- 
nell in 1923. He became a full pro- 
fessor in 1945 and served as chairman 
of the department of physics for 17 
years, from 1942 to 1959. Listed in 
Who's Who in America and in 
American Men of Science, he is the 
recipient of several scientific honors. 

His many friends have established 
the W. N. Lowry Prize in Physics 
at Bucknell, to be awarded to the out- 
standing student in that field. 

Dr. Manning joined the facultv in 
1945, having previously taught at 
Smith College, the University of Illi- 
nois, and at Cornell where he re- 
ceived his Ph.D. degree in 1926. 

A recognized authority on the wal- 
nut family, Dr. Manning published 
more than 30 scholarly papers in 
journals in Europe and America con- 

cerned with his research in botany. 
Listed in American Men of Science, 
Dr. Manning also contributed articles 
to the Encyclopedia of the Biological 

During the past 25 years, Dr. 
Manning has held semi-annual open 
houses at the University greenhouse, 
attracting Hower lovers from a wide 
area. He has also lectured widely on 
flora before business, civic and pro- 
fessional groups. 


Dr. Wayne E. Manning in the 
University greenhouse. 

Instructional Grant 

Bucknell University has received a 
$40,000 grant from the U. S. Office 
of Education for training college 
teachers in the use of modern educa- 
tional media. 

Administered by Dr. Hugh F. Mc- 
Keegan, associate professor of educa- 
tion, the grant will enable Bucknell 
to hold in August a three-week insti- 
tute for "Faculty Development in the 
Use of Educational Media to Indi- 
vidualize Instruction in Small Col- 

The institute, which is open to 30 
faculty members from colleoes in cen- 


tral Penna., will be supplemented by 
five two-day sessions during the 1968- 
69 academic year. Applications are 
limited to teachers of biology, edu- 
cation, music, philosophy, physics 
and psychology. 

The primary objective of the insti- 
tute is to develop among teams of 
participants in selected disciplines a 
systematic approach to the improve- 
ment of instruction. This includes 
instructional theory, curriculum de- 
sign and analysis, and continual eval- 
uation of the instructional process. 

The two-day meetings during the 
academic year will be used to re- 
view the work of the participants in 
their home institutions and to provide 
help in surmounting difficulties en- 
countered in implementing the ideas 
developed during the summer session. 

Instructors for the summer insti- 
tute will be Dr. McKeegan; Arthur 
Reardon, director of learning resourc- 
es at Lock Haven State College; Dr. 


J. William Moore, professor and 
chairman of the department of edu- 
cation at Bucknell; and Dr. William 
Goodwin, director of Project SE- 
SAME and assistant professor of ed- 
ucation at Bucknell. 

Bucknell faculty members who will 
serve as advisers to teams in various 
disciplines include Dr. Robert Art- 
man, professor and chairman of the 
department of physics; Dr. Hulda 
Magalhaes, professor of zoology; Dr. 
Michael Santulli, assistant professor 
of philosophy; and Dr. Wendell 
Smith, professor and chairman of the 
department of psychology. 

The grant to Bucknell is one of 
41 made to colleges and universities 


in 26 states, Puerto Rico and the Dis- 
trict of Columbia under Title VI-B 
of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
which is designed to increase the abil- 
ity of faculty personnel in the use of 
educational media for higher educa- 

Honor Prof. Gold 

The 1968 edition of L' Agenda is 
dedicated to John S. Gold '18, pro- 
fessor of mathematics and a member 
of the University faculty for 48 years. 

Brenda M. Crouthamel, L'Agenda 
editor, said: "The great enthusiasm 
Mr. Gold imparts to his work is re- 
flected in the admiration of his stu- 
dents . . . He is always ready to talk 
with students and happy to help them 
with their problems." 

Prof. ]ohnS. Gold '18 

Professor Gold has been teaching 
mathematics and astronomy here 
since 1929 and is the senior member 
of the faculty. 

The L'Agenda staff believes that 
during Gold's years at the University 
he has worked consistently for the 
best interests of both his students and 
colleagues and that as president of 
the campus chapter of Sigma Xi, hon- 
orary mathematics fraternity, he con- 
tributed much to the advancement of 
his profession. 

Prior to moving from Lewisburg to 
the Gold family home in Muncy R. 
D. 3, he took a leading role in the 

religious and civic work in the com- 


munity of Lewisburg. 

Professor Gold received the Lind- 
back Award for distinguished teach- 
ing last June. During the winter of 
that year Pi Mu Epsilon, national 
honorary mathematics fraternity, pre- 
sented him the Mac DufFee Award 
for distinguished ser^'ice to the or- 

Twice Weekly 

The Student-Faculty Congress has 
voted to allot The Bucknellian an ad- 
ditional $4,500 to publish twice week- 
ly, beginning next fall. 

Lawrence Baker, editor-in-chief of 
the newspaper, explained to the Con- 
gress that a semi-weekly newspaper 
would enable The Bucknellian to 
provide broader, more up-to-date cov- 
erage of campus events and highlight 
key items of national interest. 

Semi-weekly publication will in- 
volve a four-page paper every Tues- 
day, and from four to eight pages i 
every Friday. 

An additional $800 was given to 
WVBU for the purchase of new 
equipment for their FM studio. 

Bucknell Parents 

The Bucknell Parents Board held 
its spring meeting Friday, May 3 at 
the Forest Brown Conference Cen- 

Newly elected officers for the com- 
ing year were announced by outgoing 
president Dr. Max Bechtold and in- 
clude president, Lloyd R. Graham; 
president elect, Hans Aron; vice; 
president, Charles Murrah; and sec- 
retary-treasurer, Mrs. Arthur Single. 

Additional class representatives ' 
elected were Karl Solier '69; Richard 
Werner '70; George McGee '70; and 
Jack Brucker,, Richard Carter, Mrs. 
Ross Houston, and John Young '71. 

Funds were appropriated for expen- 
ditures in the following areas: Forest, 
Brown Conference Center for expan- 
sion of facilities, $5,000; Bucknell Li- 
brary Fund for special volumes not 
budgeted from other sources, $1,000; 
additional funding for undergraduate 
research projects for 1968-69 aca- 
demic year, $1,000; continuation of 
lecture series on drug addiction, $400. i 



Sabbatical Leaves 

Sabbatical leaves for all or part of 
the 1968-69 academic year have been 
granted to 10 members of the faculty. 

Leaves for the full year have been 
approved for Dr. John W. Anderson, 
assistant professor of economics; Dr. 
Harry R. Garvin, professor of En- 
glish, and Dr. T. Tucker Orbison, as- 
sistant professor of English. 

Scheduled to go on leave during 
the second semester are Dr. Owen T. 
Anderson, associate professor of phvs- 
ics; Dr. James A. Gathings, professor 
of political science; William D. Mc- 
Rae, Jr., professor of music; Dr. Rich- 
ard P. Nickelsen, professor of geolo- 
gy; and Dr. Emil J. Polak, professor 
of mathematics and astronomy. 

Dr. Douglas H. Orrok, professor of 
French, will take a sabbatical leave 
during the first semester and Dr. Mil- 
dred A. Martin, professor of English, 
has been approved for leave for one 

Their plans are as follows: Dr. 
John Anderson, studv in Japan, his 
work to involve an analvsis of the im- 
pact of the Japanese cultural environ- 
ment upon that nation's industrial re- 
lations system. 

Dr. Owen Anderson, to work on the 
first draft of textbook on Wave Phys- 
ics and to visit leading companies 
working in applied physics as part of 
an effort to update courses in electric 
measurements and physical basis of 

Professor Garvin, research and 
writing in the area of The Novel and 
Aesthetics. Dr. Gathings, travel and 
work at the Library Congress. 

Miss Martin, work on a book en- 
tided A Critical Bibliography of 
Books and Articles in English Relat- 
ing to T. S. Eliot, and Professor Mc- 
Rae to hear and inspect European or- 
gans and to do some composition in 
Europe and in this country. 

Dr. Nickelsen, to continue his 
study of fossil distortion and rock 
deformation in the Appalachian pla- 
teau in Pennsylvania. 

Professor Orbison, research in En- 
gland on the Renaissance dramatist, 
John Ford. Dr. Orrok will pursue his 
research on the 17th century French 
painter, Nicolas Poussin, in Europe. 

Dr. Polak, chairman of the depart- 

ment of mathematics, to pursue a spe- 
cific problem related to the internal 
structure of stars and to establish in- 
vestigative procedures for this study 
which will permit him to assign se- 
nior students future work on this 

In addition to the sabbatical leaves, 
a leave of absence for the first semes- 
ter was approved for Dr. J. Charles 
Jones, professor of education. He will 
combine teaching with research in 
New Zealand where he will be visit- 
ing professor at Victoria Universitv. 

Award Made to Dr. Sauvain 

Dr. Walter H. Sauvain, veteran 
professor of education at Bucknell 
University, has been awarded the 
Brother Azarias Memorial Plaque for 
1968 bv the Pennsvlvania Association 
of Liberal Arts Colleges for the Ad- 
vancement of Teaching. 

Given for "outstanding contribu- 
tion to teacher education in Pennsyl- 
\'ania," the plaque was presented to 
Dr. Sauvain at a dinner held recent- 
Iv in Harrisburo. 


Over the past 10 years the Buck- 
nell educator has served as president 
of three Pennsvlvania educational 
organizations. They include the 
Pennsylvania Association for Higher 
Education, the Pennsvlvania Associa- 
tion of Liberal Arts Colleges for the 
Advancement of Teaching, and the 
PennsN'lvania Institutional Teacher 
Placement Association. 


^^ M 



BL. #hv.- ^^^^^^H 


■L^ ^^-~ . V^^^H 


Hh«^'^ Mm 


^^^^B ^^^^^^^^^ 

Dr. Walter H. Smn 

Dr. Sauvain joined the Bucknell 
faculty in 1936. At one time he 
served as chairman of the department 
of education and during the academic 
year of 1940-41 was acting registrar 
at the Universitv. 

Each year he supervised the place- 
ment of Bucknell's more than 100 
elementarv and secondary education 
majors in schools in the surrounding 
area for their practice teaching as- 

Pollution Study 

Administrator of a one-year grant 
of $42,285 from the Pennsylvania 
Department of Highways and the 
Highway Research Board, a division 
of the U. S. Department of Trans- 
portation, Larry M. Younkin, assis- 
tant professor of civil engineering, 
heads a four-man team working on 
the project entitled "Prediction of 
Water Qualitv Change in a Stream 
Due to Highway Construction." 

The group, which also includes 
Robert A. Gardner, professor of civil 
engineering, Robert M. Hippenstiel, 
a Bucknell graduate student from 
Orangeville, Pa., and a full-time 
technician, has installed rain gages 
and stream gaging stations in a local 
drainage basin in its effort to mea- 
sure the amount of sediment enter- 
ing a stream due to highway con- 
struction, and to verify the general 
prediction method for water qualitv 
being de\'eloped. 

The research project, begun last 
fall, is expected to continue over the 
next several years. 

Bucknell Research Grant 

A $24,000 research contract has 
been awarded to Dr. Jai B. Kim, as- 
sistant professor of civil engineering 
at Bucknell LIni-\'ersity, for the studv 
of "Lateral Stability in Piles in Pile 

The research, which invoh'es the 
study of theoretical aspects of buck- 
ling bcha\'ior of piles when placed in 
groups to support the loads acting 
(in bridge piers or abutments, is be- 
ing sponsored jointlv h\ the Pennsyl- 
\ania Department of Highwaxs and 
the LI. S. Department of Transpor- 

JULY 1968 

The World of Sports 

By David P. Wohlhueter 
Sports Information Director 

Coach Brad Tufts, standing at right, led his Bison golfers to another winning season in 
1968. The linksmen include, front, left to right, Co-captain-elect Boh Gray '69; Captain 
Bob Kotz '68; and Co-captain-elect Bob Cheek '69; in back, John Petura '68, Ken Solar 
'70, George Benson '68, Al Edwards '69 and Coach Tufts. Bob Miller '68 and Wayne 
Copes '68 were missing when photo was taken. 

Top Golf Season 

When the 1968 golf season began, 
Bucknell Golf Coach Brad Tufts was 
optimistic of his team's chances for 
the coming season. He should have 
been, because he had eight veterans 
returning from a team that finished 
10-2 in dual matches and won the 
Middle Atlantic Conference cham- 
pionship. Tufts was also cautious, as 
he expected many of the Bisons' op- 
ponents to be stronger than they had 
been the year before. 

Well, the Herd dropped its first 
match of the season to Penn State 
and then proceeded to win 11 in a 
row over Juniata, Lehigh, Gettys- 
burg, Elizabethtown, Rutgers, Al- 
bright, F & M, Colgate, Lafayette, 
Pitt and Susquehanna. Winning 1 1 


established a new Bucknell record for 
most victories in one season. At the 
MAC championships, the Bisons 
fired a 36-hole total of 639 and lost 
by one stroke to Temple's 638. 

Tufts said, "Our overall depth was 
the key to the season. Sure, Bob Kotz, 
Bob Cheek and Bob Gray played 
fine golf at the top, but it was vet- 
erans like Bob Miller and George 
Benson playing at five and six that 
made us real tough. John Petura, 
New Canaan, Conn, senior, played 
number seven against Colgate and 
Pitt and won both times and Al Ed- 
wards, Saegertown, won in the num- 
ber seven slot at Rutgers in a match 
we won, 4-3." 

Tufts went on, "We're going to 
miss Kotz at number one. He hit the 
long ball and was a wonderful com- 

petitor." The Bucknell captain from 
Yardley finished the season with a 
10-2 mark. Cheek, Pittsburgh junior, 
was 8-4 at number two and Gray, 
Harrisburg junior, 9-3 in the number 
three slot. Sophomore Ken Solar, 
Glen Rock, N. J., played number 
four and finished 9-2. Miller, York 
senior, was 9-3 and Benson, Lewis- 
burg senior, was 7-3. Senior Wayne 
Copes, Drexel Hill, was 0-2 and se- 
nior Greg Helsel, Morristown, N. J. 
was 1-L 

The Bisons also competed in the 
Indiana (Pa.) University Invitational 
and finished third behind the host 
school and Penn State. 

On the Track 

By winning its last two meets of 
the year, Bucknell's varsity track 
team completed the season with a 3-5 
record, bettering the 1-8 mark of a 
year ago. The Bisons defeated Juni- 
ata, Gettysburg and Susquehanna 
and lost to Albright, F & M, Lehigh, 
Lafayette, and Delaware. 

Coach Craig Reynolds had a 
young team and a number of sopho- 
mores put in outstanding perform- 
ances for the Orange and Blue. 
Steve Turner, Kane, broke his own 
record in three consecutive meets in 
the pole vault, going over the bar at 
a height of 13-1. 

Sophomore George Garbutt, Hunt- 
ingdon Valley, broke his own record 
in the shot put with a toss of 49-11^. 
Another first-year varsity man, Bob 
Oberst, Potsdam, N. Y., set a new 
record in the triple jump with a leap 
of 43-P/4. Gary Metzger, sophomore 
from Cogan Station, ran a new mark 
in the 880-yard run with a time of 

The 440-yard relay team of Wayne 
Walters of Kingston, John Scott of 
Bloomfield, Conn., Jim Eley of Pomp- 
ton Plains, N. J., and Evan Davis of 
Conshohocken established a new 
Bucknell record in a time of :44.8. 

Other outstanding performers for 
the Bisons were Dick Wood, Suc- 
casunna, N. J., who took three firsts 
in the 120-yard high hurdles, two in 
the high jump and one in the 440- 
yard run, and Howard Gardner, 
Garden City, N. Y., with four first- 
place finishes in the discus. 


> ;' 

Leading Hitter 

Bill Ewlaj of Bound Brook, N. J. 
led the Bucknell baseball team in five 
ofFensive categories. The 6-1, 175- 
pound junior topped the squad in 
batting with a .288 mark, runs with 
13 hits with 17 and 12 R. B. I.'s. The 
right-handed hitting shortstop also 
led the club in home runs with four. 

Randy Ruger, Baltimore, Md., and 
Wade Webster, Timonium, Md., hit 
the most doubles with two apiece and 
Frank Arentowicz, Dover, N. J., had 
the most triples with two. 

In the pitching department, right 
hander Arentowicz had an earned 
run average of 4.00 for 18 innings, 
followed by right hander Dave Vas- 
sar, Brunswick, Me., with a 4.67 
ERA for 26 and 2/3 frames. 

The Bisons were 0-8 in the Middle 
Atlantic Conference and 0-15 over- 
all. They had a doubleheader with 
Juniata rained out. 

Leader In Lacrosse 

Jim McKee of Timonium, Md. 
and Jim Morris of New York City 
were the leading scorers on Buck- 
nell's first varsity lacrosse team. The 
Bisons of Coach Sid Jamieson com- 
pleted their initial season of varsity 
competition with a 6-3 record, plus 
a victory in an exhibition game with 
the Pittsburgh Lacrosse Club. 

Both McKee and Morris are at- 
tackmen. McKee, elected co-captain 
for next year, scored 25 goals and 
five assists for 30 points. Morris, a 
sophomore, contributed 1 1 goals and 
was the team's top playmaker with 
19 assists for his 30 markers. Cap- 
tain Ed Farver, Middletown, N. J. 
and also next year's co-captain, was 
third in the scoring parade with 24 
goals and five assists for 29 points. 

One of the team's outstanding per- 
formers was goalie Jim Reese, Nor- 
walk. Conn. In nine games, the 5-11, 
173-pound junior made 134 saves 
and allowed 63 goals. A hockey net 
tender in the winter, Reese possesses 
cat-like reflexes and uses his body 
as well as his stick to make saves. 
Coach Jamieson said, "Jimmy made 
some fantastic saves this year. Twice 
against Lebanon Valley he stopped 
breakaway potential scorers. He real- 

ly gained experience and came on 
strong at the end of the season." 
Reese allowed the opposition just 
nine goals in the final four games and 
capped this outstanding performance 
with a shutout in the last contest 
against F & M. 

The Bisons defeated Villanova, 
Ithaca, Dickinson, Lafayette, Leban- 
on Valley, and F & M, while losing 
to Penn State, C. W. Post and Bal- 
timore Junior College. 

Post season honors have been re- 
ceived by some of the Herd. The 
Penn-Del League All-Star Team was 
announced and McKee and Farver 
brought home first team honors. 
Named to the second team were 
Reese and Morris and defenseman 
Roger Tollefsen, Brooklyn, N. Y., one 
of the two seniors on the Bucknell 
squad, received honorable mention. 

Magic Net Number 

The numeral "4" was the magic 
number throughout the 1968 tennis 
season for the Bucknell team. The 
Bisons won their first four matches 
defeating American, Elizabethtown, 
Lycoming and Pitt. Then they lost 
four in a row to Penn State, Lafay- 
ette, Lehigh and Colgate, but re- 
verted to early season form to take 
the last four against Susquehanna, 
Juniata, Upsala and Rutgers. 

Coach Hank Peters sent five men 
to the Eastern Intercollegiates at Col- 
gate University in Hamilton, N. Y. 
on June 3. In the varsity competition, 
Wheeler Neff of Wilmington, Del.; 
Captain Dave Gordon of Mount 
Vernon, N. Y.; Mark Poses, of Rve, 
N. Y. and Myles Cooley of Long- 
meadow, Mass. played for the Herd. 
Freshman Alex Anderson of Sands 
Point, N. Y. also competed. 

During the regular season, in 72 
singles matches, the Bisons won 47. 
Undefeated at number six singles was 
sophomore Dave Rath, Convent Sta- 
tion, N. J., with five victories. Num- 
ber five player Cooley was 10-1, NefF 
and Poses were both 8-4, number 
four player Sam Ross, Lawrence, 
N. Y. was 7-5 and Gordon was 6-6. 
Joe Horowitz, West Hartford, Conn., 
played at number five and six and 
won three and lost three. Juniors Phil 
Lawes, Rumson, N. J. and Barry 

McGlincy, Paulsboro, N. J. each lost 
one match. 

In doubles competition, Bucknell 
won 22 out of 35 matches. The dou- 
bles teams with the best records were 
Ross and Rath, and Rath and Lawes 
both with 3-0 marks. 

Other members of the team that 
played were Bob Hilles, Philadelphia, 
Clay Miller, Terrance Park, O. and 
GilPanitz, Pikesville, Md. 

Pro Grid Aide 

One of the most successful high 
school football coaches in the Balti- 
more, Md., area, George B. Young, 
Jr. '52, has been named assistant per- 
sonnel director for the Baltimore 

Co-captain of the 1951 Bison foot- 
ball team, George was named to the 
1951 All-East first team for his out- 
standing play as a lineman. He tried 
out with the Dallas Texans of the 
National Football League in 1952 
before being named head grid coach 
at Calvert High School, Baltimore, 
his alma mater. He piloted Calvert 
Hall to a Maryland Scholastic Asso- 
ciation Conference football title and 
two Catholic League tides during his 
three-year tenure there. 

In 1959, George became head grid 
coach at City College, one of Balti- 
more's largest high schools. During 
his eight seasons there, his grid 
team compiled an impressive 60-11-5 
record, capturing five Maryland 
Scholastic Association Conference ti- 
tles and taking the runner-up spot 
in the other three seasons. 

This is not George's first assign- 
ment with the Colts. For the 1968 
pro football draft, George studied 
films of college players and evaluated 
seniors who were eligible for the 

A member of Phi Lambda Theta 
fraternity, George majored in history 
at Bucknell. He resides at 1000 East 
Joppa Rd., Apt. 411, Towson, Md. 


Saturday, October 26 
Bisons vs. Lafayette 

JULY 1968 

The late John C. Hostetter '08 
won many honors for his part in 
helping develop 

The Glass Giant of Palomar 

The only Kentucky Colonel who 
could boast a glass sword, the late 
John Clyde Hostetter '08 achieved 
international fame as a glass technol- 

Before his death on April 2, 1962, 
John had been showered with awards 
by universities and professional so- 
cieties for his contributions to sci- 
ence. Among these was the Howard 
N. Potts Medal of the Franklin In- 
stitute for the role he played in pro- 
ducing the 200-inch mirror of the 
world's largest telescope at Mount 
Palomar. A dramatic reconstruction 
of that memorable achievement can 
be found in David O. Woodbury's 
book. The Glass Giant of Palomar 
(Dodd, Mead and Co., 1939), a con- 
densed version of this appearing in 
the February 1939 issue of Reader's 

When that feat of "engineering 
genius" occurred, John Hostetter was 
servina as director of research and 


development for the Corning Glass 
Works, a post he assumed in 1930 
and filled until 1937. He had joined 
Corning in 1919 as manager of its 
Steuben Division, becoming assistant 
to the vice president (1922-24), man- 
ager of its Rhode Island Division 
(1924-28) and manager of its bulb 
and tubing department (1928-30). 
For two years he directed the monu- 
mental task of casting 20 tons of 
glass for the 200-inch Hale telescope. 
In later years he predicted that a 
1300-inch lens was within the range 
of scientific capability and that such 
a lens would be capable of pinpoint- 
ing small objects on the surface of 
the moon. 

Ttie late John C. Hoitetl 

Born in Williamsport, Pa., on Feb- 
ruary 18, 1886, he received bachelor 

(1908) and master of science degrees 

(1909) in chemical engineering and 
a chemical engineering degree (1930) 
from Bucknell. He did post-graduate 
work at the University of Chicago 
and was awarded honorary doctorate 
of science degrees by Bucknell 
(1936) and by Alfred University 

He began his career as an instruc- 
tor of chemistry at Bucknell, 1908- 
10. He later joined the U. S. Bureau 
of Standards as a chemist, 1910-12, 
and serA'ed from 1912-1919 as a physi- 
cal chemist with the Geophysical Lab- 
oratory of Carnegie Institute, Wash- 
inoton, D. C. 

Following completion of the Pal- 
omar project, he was appointed vice 
president and director of research for 
the Hartford-Empire Co., 1937-43, 
and later served as president of the 
Mississippi Glass Co., 1944-49, and 
as chairman of the board of directors, 
Welsh Refractories Corporation, 
1944-50. He retired in 1950 to take 
up residence in Winter Park, Fla. 

The first results of his research 
were published by the U. S. Bureau 
of Standards in 1911 and more than 
50 technical research papers were to 
follow. This work gained interna- 
tional attention and he was elected a 
Fellow of the British Society of Glass 
Technologv, Councilor of the Inter- 
national Union of Chemistry and a 
member of the Deutschen Glastech- 
nischen Gesellschaft. Among his 
manv other awards was the Bleining- 
er Medal of the American Ceramic 
Society — he was the third recipient 
— and the Pennsylvania Ambassador 

He was married to the former Ida 
Mav Fischer, who died February 11, 
1958, and is survived by a son, John 
Robert '34, who attended Bucknell 
for tv\'o years. Robert has been a mem- 
ber of William Bucknell Associates 
for the past two years. 

Mr. Hostetter's contributions to 
Bucknell were manifold. He was 
elected to the board of trustees in 
1939 and is a patron of the Univer- 
sity. Two of his gifts to the Univer- 
sity include the major segment of 
his technical library on the science; 
of glass and the special glass cover- 
ing for the original charter granted 
to the University at Lewisburg. 



, , Literacy is essential in a 
democracy where the people must 
communicate their hopes, fears and desires 
— to each other and to those who govern. " 

Dr. Robert Streeter '38 

Copyright© 1964 by Editorial Projects for Education, Inc. 

On Being A Humanist 

THE results of the endeavors of physicists, sociolo- 
gists, chemists, biologists, or psychologists may per- 
turb many people, but everyone appears to know 
how scientists go about their tasks and what makes them 
tick. And the social value of science, for the most part, 
goes unquestioned. 

But a humanist, what does he do? What are his 
interests and concerns? What value do the humanities 
have for society? 

The questions are not new. The conflicting philoso- 
phical positions and views on the subject even find their 
way into the rhetoric of the Congressional Record. But 
the answers to the questions remain vital concerns of 
education in an emerging social structure where time 
allotments for subject study must be made earlv and 
may structure the lifetime pattern of learning. 

A distinguished scholar and Bucknell Alumnus views 
himself and his colleagues as professional humanists. We 

asked him to assess the role of the humanities and their 
significance for today and for the future. 

Dr. Robert Streeter '38 is dean of the Division of the 
Humanities at the Universitv of Chicago and a trustee 
of Bucknell University. He was nominated by Alumni 
for the trustee post in 1966. Earlier, in 1960, the Uni- 
versity awarded him an honorary doctor of humane 
letters degree. 

A staff writer at the Universitv of Chicago, Sam 
Kin2, once described this scholar's habitat with these 
words : 

"Streeter, a pipe smoker, Hves with art and 
books in a gothic office, identified as Classics 
13, in the southwest corner crenellated struc- 
ture of the Quadrangle on the Midway. 

"On the laroe white wall in front of his 
desk hangs a nine-by-twelve-foot 17th century 
Flemish tapsetrv depicting a scene from Greek 

JULY 1968 


mythology. Another wall is covered with book- 
cases. The window and door bear the gothic 
imprint in the arched shapes." 

Author, scholar and professor of English, Bob re- 
ceived his M.A. and Ph.D. from Northwestern, after 
oraduatins with summa cum laiide honors from Bucknell. 
He joined the University of Chicago facultv in 1947. 
From 1954 to 1958, he was dean of the College of the 


HIS is something of the man — something of the 
background he brings to the question: What is the 
role of the humanist in our society? 

DR. STREETER: "Those of US who are professional 
humanists — by that I mean persons who teach 
the humanities or are engaged in the various 
disciplines of the humanities — are really en- 
gaged in an effort to develop a kind of knowl- 
edge and insight that will help people to 
understand, to admire, and to enjoy the most 
distinguished works of man's humanistic 
achievement — his poems, his plays, his art, his 

"This knowledge and insight have several 
manifestations. For one thing, the humanists 
provide the young people — and the older ones, 
too — with the tools of communication to make 
our feelings and insights known to one another 
in a literate manner. 

"This literacy is essential in a democracy 
where the people must communicate their hopes, 
fears and desires — to each other and to those 
who govern. 

"It is also essential to provide the people of 
this nation and, of course, all nations, because 
the humanistic disciplines are universal, with 
a capability of enjoying the mature pleasures of 
life — music, art, literature. 

"This, then, is the justification for the exis- 
tence of the humanist in our society today, if, 
indeed, he needs a justification. Parenthetically, 
let me observe that I dislike the idea which 
sometimes is applied to the humanist — the idea 
that he is a sort of genteel, elderly aunt. There 
rests upon the humanist a continuing obligation 
to make clear what he is doing and why. And 
what he is doing is of the very essence of life. 

"Let me put this another way, if I may. 
The framers of the Declaration of Independence 
were very wise men. The Declaration of In- 
dependence states that every American is en- 
titled to Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of 

"There are important present-day implica- 
tions from these three goals. The scientist is 
responsible for enriching the material possibili- 

ties of life. The social scientist is concerned 
with maintaining liberty within the political 
framework of our society. 

"And, the 'pursuit of happiness' is the re- 
sponsible goal of the humanist." 


OES the humanist in our society need any other 
justification for his existence? 

DR. STREETER: "I think not. 

"If the humanist in our society can help us 
to carry on, even in a small measure, the 'pur- 
suit of happiness,' then I think he has made a 
contribution to a society which is worth living 

"But, the humanist in our society has other 
functions as well. In a special sense, the hu- 
manities, more than any other field, are the 
custodians of the tribal memory. And a respon- 
sible memory of what man has achieved is, of 
course, essential for civilized life. 

"And, by this preservation of the tribal 
memory — the preser\'ation of what has been 
good and not so good in our society — the hu- 
manist also has provided us with a standard of 
excellence, of the kind of intellectual and artis- 
tic achievement which mankind has been capa- 
ble of throughout its history. 

"This is an important obligation to keep in 
front of society. The humanist has to be will- 
ing to recognize and to identify excellence when- 
ever and wherever he encounters it. 

"This applies to life generally, as well as in 
education. The teacher of seventh graders must 
be able to read an essay by one of her pupils 
and say 'this is not good' or 'this is excellent.' 



"As an educator, the humanist, whether a 
teacher of seventh graders or of candidates for 
the doctoral degree, must be able to read, hear 
or see a work of humanistic endeavor — a book, 
music, or art — and be able to bring to bear 
the standards which have been established by 
our culture over the centuries. . . . 

"There is a conflict in the academic com- 
munity today between the sciences and the hu- 
manities in their battle for the affections of the 
young student. 

"The real danger from the current emphasis 
on the physical and biological sciences — as op- 
posed to the humanities — is the very attractive 
elephantiasis of these sciences. 

"Some youngsters will become professional 
humanists regardless of the attractions of the 
sciences. But it stands to reason that this sort 
of imbalance — the strong emphasis in our mod- 
ern society on the sciences — produces a shrink- 
age in the number of people who want to go 
into the humanities." 


HAT about career choices on the undergrad- 
uate and graduate levels — in terms of the societal 
emphasis on science? 

DR. streeter: "Let's think for a moment about 
the student who faces a career cross-road and 
who in terms of intrinsic interest may be equal- 
ly drawn to the sciences and the humanities. 
This youngster may well be attracted to the 
sciences because of the early good income, the 
solid career line and even, if you will, a kind 
of social standing in the community which he 
believes is imparted by being a scientist. 

"If this imbalance persists over a couple of 
decades, the consequences will be poor teach- 
ers in the fields of humanistic communciation, 
literature and language, at all levels, from the 
elementary school to the university." 

Aside from the formal side of study in the humani- 
ties, how do you see the future of what we might call 
"humanistic concerns?" 

DR. STREETER: "Let me emphasize that we are 
all humanists. Like the Moliere character who 
was surprised to learn that he had been speak- 
ing prose all his life, we all engage in human- 
istic actions, and exercise humanistic- judg- 
ment, a dozen times a day. When you advise 
an associate to tone down a letter and try a little 
tact in the final paragraph, you are practicing 
the art of rhetoric. Your private theory of his- 
tory, of the way one human action leads to 
another, will influence the way you behave in 
a committee meeting. When you decorated 


your home, when you deplored the desecra- 
tion of the countryside, when you preferred the 
way Joe DiMaggio caught a fly ball to the way 
Babe Herman tried to catch a fly ball, you were 
acting as a catch-as-catch-can aesthetician. 
Broadly considered, then, the humanities are 
the systematic study of whatever man, on this 
oreat slobe, has done and suffered, thought and 
said, created and enjoyed. And the purpose of 
humanistic education is to enable all of us, not 
just the next generation of schoolteachers and 
museum curators, to act and to judge with 
greater wisdom and compassion, and with fuller 
acceptance and enjoyment of our situation as 
human beings. We can't help being human, 
the saying runs. The theory of humanistic edu- 
cation is that it helps, positively, to know what 
it means today, and what it has meant 
throughout history, to be human. 

"From this view of the humanities it fol- 
lows that I am not disposed to join the doom- 
sayers who prophesy the imminent disappear- 
ance of humanistic concerns in a burgeoning 
technological culture. As long as man retains 
such characteristically human traits as the abil- 
ity to reflect, to sympathize, and to be curious, 
he will remain, willy-nilly, a humanist. It is 
worth noting that the outstanding modern anti- 
Utopian fantasies, Aldous Huxley's Brave New 
World and George Orwell's 1984, although 
they all describe a life barren of humanistic in- 
terests, also deal with a life which is no longer 
quite recognizably human. If we persist in our 
humanity, we shall perforce remain humanists. 
This is not to deny that there are forces in our 
present-day society which diminish the quality 
of our humanistic education and culture. To 
say that we are all humanists does not mean 
that we are all as good humanists as we might 
be: to work towards this higher goal requires 
thought, and imagination, and time, and, yes, 

JULY 1968 


"Nor do I wish to imply the existence of a 
deeplv-rooted, ineradicable opposition between 
the humanities and the sciences. I do not for a 
moment believe that the humanities constitute 
the exclusive natural habitat of intellectual and 
moral values, with a capital V, while scientists 
concern themselves onlv with techniques, opera- 
tions, and methods. Nothing is more tedious and 
more tendentious than a professor of art who, 
still nursing the rancors of sophomore zoology 
in which he had to memorize the names of the 
bones of the bodv of a fish, deplores the grub- 
biness of the scientific soul. After all, we have 
all known professors of literature who ap- 
proached Shakespeare's Othello with the same 
insight and gusto they would give to the racier 
parts of the World Almanac. And, if we have 
been lucky, we have known teachers of mathe- 
matics who made our growing familiarity with 
that discipline an experience of imaginative 
delight and awareness. To pretend that the 
serious study of the sciences does not support 
such important values as precision in observa- 
tion and statement, sober respect for truth, and 
imaginative speculation is to be worse than 
dishonest — it is to be fatuous. To describe the 
splendid intellectual structures which scien- 
tists have created since the sixteenth centurv as 
if they were claptrap affairs hammered together 
by mean-spirited technicians is to be a bad hu- 
manist: it is historically false and morally un- 
worthy. There is a case to be made for the hu- 
manities, but it cannot be made by belaboring 
a straw man — or, perhaps I should say, a Tin 

ONE final point: It could be argued that most great 
works of art — paintings, poems, books, symphonies 
-were created by people who were not professors. 
They were fashioned by men speaking to other men. 
Why does a middle man have to get into the act? Why 
should society support a humanistic scholarly establish- 

DR. streeter: 'This is a serious question, which 
can be answered in several ways. If we believe 
we need teachers in the humanities, some of 
them will insist on being scholars, and to keep 
them teaching happily we shall have to in- 
dulge their scholarly whims. Or we might say 
that, in a society where every important impulse 
seems to aspire to institutionalization, it would 
be surprising if the humanities, also, did not 
seek strength and survival in the same socially- 
approved way. Neither of these is a very satis- 
factory answer. The most telling argument in 
support of the work of the humanistic scholar 
lies in the relationship of this work to the vital- 


ity of our common culture. It is simply true 
that, without humanistic scholarship, the arts 
of creation, performance, and appreciation, as 
we know them, would not exist. 

'Take, for example, Shakespeare. It is easy 
to poke fun at the Shakespearean scholarly in- 
dustry which, over the past four centuries, has 
grown up around the three-dozen plays writ- 
ten by this actor-playwright who 'had little 
Latin and less Greek.' It is easy to do so, but 
mistaken, since the Shakespeare we delight to 
honor is, in an important sense, the creation of 
generations of scholars — textual editors, biblio- 
graphers, critics — who have not only fash- 
ioned today's reading and acting texts from 
Elizabethan printed sources, but have also 
shaped our understanding of the plays by their 
books and essays. Similarly, it is generally 
agreed that the nineteenth-century scholarly 
editing of Bach's music — a staggering task which 
was fifty years in the doing and required forty- 
six volumes for publication — was an immensely 
fructifying influence upon the creative work of 
composers. We would not possess the ancient 
Greek and Roman writings, even for reading 
in translation, had it not been for the devoted 
labors of Italian humanists in the fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries. In mv own field, American 
literature, the efforts of scholars have effected a 
fundamental revaluation within the past thir- 
ty years — elevating the position of Thoreau, 
Melville, Hawthorne, and Henry James, and 
thus changing radically the shape and dimen- 
sions of our own literary landscape. In sum- 
mary, it is difficult to conceive of a living and 
interesting culture which does not have, as one 
of its important elements, a vigorous and imagi- 
native humanistic scholarship. At the very least 
we can say that no civilization has yet attempted 
the experiment of having one without the other. 
Paternity is primary, productive, and pleasant, 
but obstetricians are important people too." 

Dr. Robert Streeter '38 


"... To say that poetry is a necessity 
for all men is not to declare that every- 
body reads it; nor that anyone buys it. 
It is to say, simply, that men need it . . 


By Dr. C. Willard Smith 
John P. Crozer Professor of English Literature 

THANK you, President Watts; and in expressing 
my pleasure, let me say quite simply that as teach- 
ers we try, and, in moments such as this, discover 
ourselves to be human, — sufficiently, at least, to be un- 
able to pretend that we do not enjoy the gift of public 
recognition for what we privately hope may, from time 
to time, have been achieved. To their Committee and 
to the Class of 1956, the founders of this lectureship, I 
give my word of profound appreciation and thanks. 

It is understandable, I imagine, that a teacher of 
English should hold a belief in the necessity of poetry, 
or, perhaps it would be better to say, in the necessity 
of the particular poems he has been able, increasingly, 
to possess. For such poems or poetry, he is likely to claim 
generative powers of illumination, and even to think 
that Percy Bysshe Shelley had a point when he said 
in his A Defense of Poetry that "poets are the unacknowl- 
edged legislators of the world;" that "poetry in a more 
restricted sense expresses those arrangements in lan- 
guage, and especially metrical language, which are cre- 
ated by that imperial faculty whose throne is curtained 
within the invisible nature of man." 

EDITOR'S NOTE: This lecture was delivered on the 
evening of October 24, 1967, in the Vaughan Auditori- 
um on the occasion of the annual presentation to a 
member of the Faculty of the award of the "Class of 
1956 Lectureship" in recognition of inspirational teach- 
ing. President Charles H. Watts, U, of Bucknell Uni- 
versity introduced Professor Smith and formally pre- 
sented him this award. 

Keyed up by such enthusiasms, and bv having on 
rare occasions heard poetry operate to produce silence 
in the classroom, the teacher goes on to assume that po- 
etry may be a necessity for all men, no matter what their 
several intellectual or professional commitments may 
be. To hold such an opinion, based, as it is, upon what 
must seem to be airy nothings to all right thinking men 
in an age of technological triumphs and managerial mar- 
vels, — to hold such an opinion, in the face of a resis- 
tance that sees in poetrv no political significance or 
commercial value whatsoever, may seem to be utterly 
self-defeating. However, to say that poetry is a necessity 
for all men is not to declare that evervbodv reads it; nor 
that anyone buvs it. It is to sav, simplv, that men need it. 

AS children not many of us did anything, immedi- 
atelv, to resist poetrv; that came later; we respond- 
ed to it automatically: to nursery rhymes; to "Little 
Orphant Annie" who warned us of the "Gobble-uns" that 
would "sit" us "ef" we didn't watch out; to "Wvnken, 
Blvnken, and Nod;" to " 'Twas the night before Christ- 
mas . . . ;" then, through the generations, to "James 
James/Morrison Morrison/Weathcrbv George Dupree," 
or to the King who, as he slid down the banisters, said: 


My darling, 

Coidd call me 

A fussy man — 


Z do like a little bit of butter to my bread! 

JULY 1968 


and more recently to the rhymes of John Ciardi, to the 
tongue-twisting teasers of Dr. Seuss, the "chicken soup 
with rice" of Maurice Sendak (with illustrations), and 
to "The Space-Child's Mother Goose," by Frederick 

Little Bo-Pee-p 

Has lost her shee-p. 

The radar has failed to find them. 

They'll all, face to face, 

Meet in Parallel S-jiace, 

Preceding, their leaders behind them. 

But as time went on, in school (and here I can only 
surmise that the experiences of later generations of 
scholars may have been similar to ours) some of the 
original pleasure was diminished. Poetry seemed to be 
Petting a little bit solemn and elderlv. There was good, 
old Abou Ben Adhem, whose tribe, we hoped, might in- 
crease, who "Awoke one night from a deep dream of 
peace;" and Rabbi Ben Ezra who wanted us to get on 
with it and grow old along with him. Then, in "A Psalm 
of Life," we learned that life was real, life was earnest, 
and the grave Vi'as not its goal. That reassured us some- 
what, for we knew we were being morally edified. But 
we were also becoming a little uneasv; some of the fun 
was going out of poetrv. Meanwhile, staring at us from 
the school-room walls were large lithographs of heavily 
bearded worthies — Longfellow, Bryant, Tennyson — none 
of whom, apparendy, had ever been young, although 
one of them, it was said, at the age of seventeen had 
written a poem about death. Later we saw portraits of 
Byron, Shelley, and Keats. They were younger, but one, 
whose very name was certain to engender in genteel 
school mistresses a sort of moist hush, had written some- 
thing about a blithe spirit, who, or which, seemed to 
be beyond our reach; far too lovely! 

Woodman, spare that tree! 

Touch not a single how! 
In youth it sheltered me, 

And I'll protect it now. 

(George Pope Morris, Woodman, Spare That Tree) 

Come one, come all! This rock shall fly 
From its firm base as soon as I. 

(Sir Walter Scott, The Lady of the Lake, V, St. 10) 

"Shoot, if you viust, this old gray head. 
But spare your country's flag," she said. 

(John Greenleaf Whittier, Barbara Frietchie) 

I must confess that I have never been able, in a de- 
partmental or faculty meeting, to draw much moral or 
pragmatic reassurance from a poem, great stretches of it, 
that mv colleagues and I in the first grade memorized 
even before we had learned to read, and under the un- 
usual linguistic circumstances automatically composed by 
our dialectal environment. Hence it is necessary for me 
to read ten lines from Hiawatha, with a marked Penn- 
sylvania "Dutch" pronunciation: 

By the shores of Gitche Gumee, 
By the shining Big-Sea-Water, 
Stood the Wigwam of Nokomis, 
Daughter of the Moon, Nokomis. 
Dark behind it rose the forest. 
Rose the black and gloomy pine trees 
Rose the firs with cones upon them: 
Bright before it heat the water. 
Beat the clear and sunny water, 
Beat the shining Big-Sea-Water. 

(Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Hiawatha, IU, 64-73) 

THEN there was memorization, the battle against 
which has almost been won, — it being assumed 
that students now-a-days are better off with minds 
freed from the clutter of recollected refrains, or, one 
might add, from the burden of known historical facts. 
But many of us were required to memorize poems, one 
reason being, one may suspect, that to the moral edifi- 
cation of poetry might be added a reminder of its prag- 
matic advantage. Lines of poems (and they sometimes 
do) would come to mind to sustain us in moments of 
later frustration. Things like: 

Avanut! and quit my sight! Let the earth hide thee! 
Thy bones are marrowless, thy blood is cold; 
Thou hast no speculation in those eyes 
Which thou dost glare with. 

(Macbeth, III, iv, 93-96) 

Be not the first by whom the new are tried, 
Nor yet the last to lay the old aside. 

(Alexander Pope, Essay on Criticism, II, 135-136) 


the bucknell alumnus 

We managed it collectively, choral reading at its best, 
with utter enjoyment; we were "in there" rocking and 
rolling. And somehow, for all its apparent uselessness, 
I should regret being separated from this well remem- 
bered piece of dialectal transmogrification. 

In other grades with other poems there were some 
things that for a more important reason needed to be 
remembered : 

It was one hy the village clock, 

When he galloped into Lexington. 

He saw the gilded weathercock 

Sxvim in the moonlight as he passed, 

And the meetinghouse windows, blank and hare, 

Gaze at him with a spectral glare, 

As if they already stood aghast 

At the hloody work they would look upon. 

It was two by the village clock, 

When he came to the bridge in Concord town. 

He heard the bleating of the flock. 

And the twitter of birds among the trees 

And felt the breath of the morning breeze 

Blowing over the meadows brown. 

(Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 
Paul Reveres Ride, 93-106) 

MY necessity, to some extent satisfied by these lines, 
was, I expect, for someone good with words, a 
poet who could make them go in a pattern that 
would take one rhythmically through the whole story, 
pointing out along the way a number of things that were 
and are important: the gilded weathercock, swimming 
in the moonlioht; the slarino, meetinghouse windows; 
1 the twitter of birds; and the morning breeze blowing 
j over the brown meadows. I was not now being forced 
; to memorize but invited to discover something I didn't 
want to forget. I wasn't really looking, I suppose, for 

what is called "the meaning" of the poem, nor for its 
moral or pragmatic values, but for the good way things 
could be said, — or even, it now seems, for details in the 

If, indeed, our earlier experiences with poetry may 
have been haphazard, contradictory, half willing, half 
reluctant; and if poetry itself seemed at times to be tar- 
nished with elderly points of view, there was, neverthe- 
less, the chance, always, that we might be caught un- 
aware in the unexpected pleasure of a magical phrase. 
Even poems memorized under the pressure of assign- 
ment did lead sometimes to later revelation. If at any 
time we tried of our own volition to involve ourselves 
in the discovery or possession of a poem, we found our- 
selves engaged increasingly in a process much like the 
one we reserved for looking at pictures, often the same 
ones over and over, or in listening again to the music 
we liked best. And when we made these observations, 
we wanted to remember them for their own sake, and 
for the words. 

As we grew older our necessity became, essentially, 
a need for utterance, — for the words that would give 
an articulated shape to what otherwise might have re- 
mained a formless inner silence; not necessarilv (al- 
though for other reasons we needed them too) for words 
of tightiv logical or dcriniti\e explanation, like photo- 
synthesis and paralambdacism, with which the poet has 
onlv incidental business, but for the words and phrases 
that surprised us with their authenticity, their power 
not onlv to release us from private confusion, but also, 
more and more, to invite us to share as much as we could 
of the larger A'ision of poets. For these words were shaped 
(according to Shelley) bv the poet's imperial faculty to 
create arrangements in language, especially metrical lan- 
guage, that gave uncommon expression to the least com- 
mon but universal possibilities in the nature of man. 
They moved into the silence: 

Words move, music moves 
Only in time; . . . 
. . . Words, after speech, reach 
Into the silence. 

(T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets, "Burnt Norton," V) 

Time and bell have buried the day, 

The black cloud carries the sun away. 

Will the sunflower turn to us, will the clematis 

Stray down, bend to us; tendril and spray . . . 

(T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets, "Burnt Norton," IV) 

Mean while the Mind, from pleasures less. 

Withdraws into it happiness: 

The Mind, that Ocean where each kind 

Does streight its own resemblance find; 

Yet it creates transcending these. 

Far other Worlds and other Seas; 

Annihilating all that's made 

To a green Thcnight in a green Shade. 

(Andrew Marvell, The Garden, Stanza VI) 

JULY 1968 


Be not afeard: the isle is fiiU of noises, 

Sounds and sweet airs, that give delight and hurt not. 

Sometimes a thousand twangling instruments 

Will hum about mine ears; and sometime voices 

That, if 1 then had wak'd after long slee-p. 

Will make me slee-p again: and then, in dreaming. 

The clouds methought would open and show riches 

Ready to drop upon me: that, when 1 wak'd 

I cried to dream again. 

(The Tempest, III, ii, 146-155) 

It is a heauteous evening calm and free, 
The holy time is quiet as a Nun 
Breathless with adoration; the hroad sun 
Is sinking down in its tranquility; 

(William Wordsworth, Sonnet) 

As a hathttih lined with white porcelain 
When the hot water gives out or goes tepid, 
So is the sloiv cooling of our chivalrous passion, 
O my much praised hut-not-altogether-satisfactory 

(Ezra Pound, The Bath Tub) 

Then flashed the living lightning from her eyes, 
And screams of horror rend th' affrighted skies. 
Not louder shrieks to pitying Heav'n are cast. 
When husbands, or when lapdogs breathe their 
last . . . 

(Alexander Pope, The Rape of the Lock, III, 155-158) 

He that has and a little tiny wit, 

With a hey, ho, the wind and the rain, 

Must make content with his fortunes fit, 
For the rain it raineth every day. 

(King Lear, III, ii, 74-77, the Fool's song) 

Rain, sun, and rain! and the free blossom blows: 
Sun, rain, and sun! and where he is ivho knows? 
From the great deep to the great deep he goes. 

(Alfred Tennyson, Idylls of the King, 

"The Coming of Arthur") 

As the hart panteth after the waterbrooks, 
so panteth my soul after thee, O God. 

(Psalm XLII) 

then I know for real that hell is a siren 
ulidating its forever instant of begin and end 
through the now of ferpetual night, 
and heaven — heaven is just the just word justly 

across an eternal silence. 

(Printed with the permission of the author, 
John S. Wheatcroft, Elegy for a Phonologist 
. . . , lines 21-26) 

BUT the words, phrases, or stanzas isolated, lifted 
from the patterns to which thev belong, have less 
than full power. Those of you who remember the 
poems, from which I have extracted them, think, feel, or 
do vour best to reconstruct the whole pattern, the whole 
poem, instantlv. There is a perfect pentameter line in 
the last act of King Lear that any of us might have writ- 
ten, — the word, we know (because we have the rest of 
the play to draw from), is exacdy right. I say the word 
because the whole line is made up of a repetition of one 
word: "Never, never, never, never, never!" QKing hear, 
V, iii, 310). We might try to work up this speech dra- 
matically or theatrically by itself, but its full force 
derives from its setting \\ithin a grand design, in the 
pattern of a tragedy. 

What is so remarkable about all of these words is 
that thev do not anaesthetize or stretch out the thought 
or feeling into a final rigidity. They move, and move us 
to the verge of our own imagination, and transport us 
beyond the commonplace or convendonal modes of look- 
ing at our possible existence. In this condition we become 
capable of a resurrection of the ultimate demand for 
the whole life of the mind. There is often a price to pay; 
for the poet is not content to contemplate merely the 
simple beautv of the weathercock swimming in the moon- 
light, but restless, even, to penetrate the crushing ab- 
surdity of man's terror, of King Lear's anguished "never." 

I have picked up this idea, in part, from a poem by 
Matthew Arnold called "The Buried Life." Its verses 
seem to me less stvlish than others Arnold has produced, 
but its "argument," if the idea of poetry be momentarily 
substituted for Arnold's conception of love, makes my 
point. Here is a part of it: 

Fate, which foresaw 
How frivolous a baby man woidd he — 
By what distractions he would he possessed. 
How he woidd potir himself in every strife 

And well-nigh change his own identity — 

[Fate] Bade thrcnigh the deep recesses of our breast 

The unregarded river of our life 

Pursue with indiscernible flow its way; 

And that we should not see 

The buried stream, and seem to be 

Eddying at large in blind uncertainty. 

Though driving on with it eternally. 

But often, in the world's most crowded streets, 

But often, in the din of strife. 

There rises an unspealuible desire 

After the knowledge of our buried life; 

A thirst to spend our fire and restless force 

In tracking out our true, original course; 

A longing to inquire 

Into the mystery of this heart which beats |' 

So wild, so deep in us — to know \ 

Whence our lives come and where they go. ', 

It is in this way that the poet may legislate; not ii 


the bucknell alumni 


the invention of legalistic formulations but in the dis- 
covery of the laws of our buried lives. So with an odd 
juxtaposition of overly excited modesty and regal self- 
assurance Shelley could say in "To a Skylark": 

Better than all measures 

Of delightful sound, 
Better than all treasures 

That in hooks are found, 
Thy skill to ■poet were, thou scorner of the ground! 

Teach me half the gladness 

That thy hrain must know, 
Such harmonious madness 

From my lips ivould flow 
The world should listen then, as I am listening, now. 


THE necessity of poetry is one thing for us and anoth- 
er for the poet. He composes, I suspect, rarely for 
H himself alone and must therefore be both writer and 

reader. Undoubtedly he possesses the special gift of words 
and consequently holds an advantage over us. In un- 
r' guarded moments he may say that it's all very easy, to 
i paraphrase a few lines from Robert Browning: one's 
mind simply beats up into a rhvthm and the rhvmes begin 
to flow. Most of us know, however, that it is difficult 
enough to produce plain prose and, as a consequence, 
I we are sure that the making of a poem is much more 
I' than happening to hear a good beat, although that ex- 
perience is mysteriously important and essential, the 
foundation, perhaps, of the total pattern or design that 
ij the poet must create. 

I For the reliability of remarks such as these, I must 
j rely upon my experience as a teacher and as a reader 
I of poetry, upon the analysis of astute critics, upon the 
confessions of poets, and, although it may shock you to 
, know it, upon my own experience as a poet. My works 
'j are divided into two periods, referred to as the early 
poetry and the later poetry. I was born in 1899. The 
dates of my early period are July 4th to July 16th, 1924; 
and of the later period, 1963 to the present. During the 
first period I produced one sonnet, now mercifully lost, 
in which I was admittedly pretty fancy, full of fake 
renaissance imagery and capable of inserting an old 
word, drave for drove (which the Elizabethans, from 
whom I had borrowed it, may have pronounced [drav], 
or [drav] and of which I was rather proud. It was a 
Shakespearean and, at the same time, a practical sonnet; 
for the next year the poet was married, and within one 
week, with epithalamia still rinoino in their cars, he and 
his bride had removed to Lewisburo, Pennsylvania, not 
far from the rich lands at the great forks of the Susque- 
hanna that had once been the locus of pantisocratic 
dreams. During the second period the firm foundations 
of a second sonnet have been produced. This one is still 
in the process (Heraclitian rather than existential) of 
becoming. In it I take my stand for order, pattern, and 
design in poetry. 

JULY 1968 

It is not very good as yet; it sounds a little like part 
of a lecture; this lecture, in fact; for when completed it 
will say in fourteen lines all that I shall have been say- 
ing this evening in paraphrase. And that, it seems to me, 
is the important result of the search for form, pattern, 
governance, call it what you will: the achie\'ement of a 
concentrated resolution or of a resolved concentration. It 
is the search for and the creation of form that separates 
the rhymster from the poet. One takes the easy way out; 
the other, the poet, must overcome the rigorous demands 
of a total form, live with it, accept its discipline, find the 
way for it to become the illuminating structure of his 
creation. Form makes war upon diffusion; it undergrids 
the necessity that every word must count. It is the alem- 
bic that shows whether or not the poet's original impulse 
is good enough to survive, and worth the trouble; it is the 
artifice, the liberating instrument, that finally sets the 
poet free. It is, in Conrad Aiken's poem, "Portrait of a 
Girl," "the shape of the leaf:" 

This is the shape of the leaf and this of the flower 

And this the pale hole of the tree 

Which watches its hough in a pool of iinwavering 

In a land we never shall see. 

The thrush on the hough is silent, the dew falls 

In the evening is hardly a sound . . . 
And the three heautiful pilgrims who come here 

Touch lightly the dust of the ground. 

Touch it with feet that troidjle the dust hut as 

wings do, 
Come shyly together, are still, 
hike dancers who wait in the pause of the music, 

for music 
The exquisite silence to fill . . . 

This is the thought of the first, and this of the 

And this the grave thought of the third: 
"Linger we thus for a moment, palely expectant. 
And silence will end, and the hird 
"Sing the pure phrase, sweet phrase, clear phrase 

in the twilight 
To fill the hlue hell of the world; 
And we who on music so leaflike have drifted 

Leaflike apart shall he whirled 

"Into what but the beauty of silence, silence for- 
ever? . . ." 

. . . This is the shape of the tree, 

And the flower and the leaf, and the three pale 
heautiful pilgrims: 

This is what you are to me. 

It is the poet's artifice, the form, according to Wallace 
Stevens, in his "The Idea of Order at Key West," that 
creates a world: 


It was her voice that made 

The sky acutest at its vawisliing. 

She measured to the hour its solitude. 

She iras the single artificer of the xvorld 

In ivhich she sang. And when she sang, the sea, 

Whatever self it had, became the self 

That was her song, for she was maker. Then we, 

As we beheld her striding there alone, 

Knew that there never was a world for her 

Except the one she sang, and, singing, -made. 

IT matters little, and much, whether the pattern with- 
in which the poet has determined to do his work be 

traditional or contemporary; one of his own inven- 
tion, or the modification of a design borrowed from an 
admired master. The point is that it must serve as the 
restraining force, the enemy of an overly excited explo- 
sion. The questions are always: Do the words work; do 
they move freely within the pattern; can they stay alive? 
Can the finished poem look, sound, and forever he spon- 

For example, what ever possessed Robert Browning 
to write one of his most famous dramatic monologues in 
pentameter couplets? Let me read the first ten lines of 
"My Last Duchess" with unforgivable emphasis upon 
the mechanics of rhyming: 

That's my last Duchess -painted on the wall, 
Looking as if she were alive, I call 
That piece a wonder, now: Frd Pandolfs hands 
Worked busily a day, and there she stands. 
Will't please you sit and look at her? 1 said 
Trd Pandolf by design, for never read 
Strangers like you that pictured countenance, 
The depth of passion of its earnest glance. 
But to myself they turned (since none puts by 
The curtain 1 have drawn for you hut 1} 

We all know, of course, that these lines, as I have 
read them, are precisely what Browning did not write, 
although all the words are his. The name of the game 
in this instance is contrapuntal rhythm: the sinuous flow 
of an elegant and subtle persuasion set against and un- 
dergirded by the rigidity of a determined calculation; 
the hard lines of the couplet, never quite lost, under the 
superimposed movement of a sophisticated and seeming- 
ly casual conversation. If the reader is going to win, it 
Is because he can manage both rhvthms at once, the 
over- and under-heard movements of the speaker's mind 
and personality; for it is the Duke, the cool connoisseur, 
who is talking and who emerges from the monologue as 
a dramatic fiction. Browning's rhymes are not inserted to 
produce a jingle but to tighten a structure which in it- 
self is a revelation of the Duke. 

Mr. Eliot has written a monologue called 


Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," but in a pattern far 


different from the one we have been looking at. Brown- 
ing's "Mv Last Duchess" ends with these lines: 


Nay, we'll go 

Together down, sir. Notice Neptune, though, 

Taming a sea-horse, thought a rarity. 

Which Clans of Innsbrtick cast in bronze for me! 

"We'll go together down, sir." Eliot's "Prufrock" 

Let us go then, you and I, . . . 

When the evening is spread out against the sky . . 

There is never any suggestion that we shall be expected 
to identify either the Duke or the Count's emissary as 
Robert Browning; but there are good reasons and support- 
ing commentary to suggest that both the "you" and "I" 
of "Prufrock" are somehow very much a part of T. S. 
Eliot. Far from being dramatic in the traditionally the- 
atrical sense of that term, Eliot's monologue is composed 
according to a less confining and "plotless" conception 
of drama now in the process of more definitive realiza- 
tion; furthermore, it is essentially lyric (a love song), 
meditative, elegiac, and internal; it is involute in design 
rather than sinuously linear, as Browning's monologue 
is; it moves in upon itself instead of following the clear- 
ly "plotted" procedure of a predetermined persuasion; 
in its end is its beginning. Eliot uses couplets when he 
needs them, but in no sense can he allow the couplet, or 
any other standard verse form, to become the basic pat- 
tern of his desisn. 

TWO poems come to mind, both monologues, with 
which I would rather compare "Prufrock" than 
with Browning's "My Last Duchess:" a very old 
poem called "The Seafarer" and one better known, b)^ 
Matthew Arnold, "Dover Beach." I suppose it is the' 
beauty of the sea-imagery in all three that suggests the 
comparison, but it is also the sense of becoming involved 
in the recurrent surge of reiterated thought and feeling, 


of Prufrock's presumptions and vi'ithdrawals at the verge 
of life, of the seafarer's memory of an overwhelming 
commitment, of the waves on Dover Beach that 

Begin and cease, and then again begin 
With tremidous cadence slow, and bring 
The eternal note of sadness in. 


And now, if I may presume, perhaps indecently, I 
shall try to show what I mean by taking the liberty of 
rearranging parts of "The Love Song of J. Alfred Pru- 
frock," hoping thereby to prove that even by this method 
I shall not be able to accomplish a destruction of the 
poem. I shall read certain lines in sequence selected al- 
most at random from pages 11, 14, 15, 13, 17, and 14 of 
the 1930 edition of Mr. Eliot's Collected Poems, all ol 
them, of course, from "Prufrock": 


p. 1 1 Let us go then, you and I, 

When the evening is sfread out against the sky 

hike a -patient etherised upon a table; 

Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets, 

f. 14 And watch . . . the smoke that rises from the pipes 
Of lonely men in shirt-sleeves, leaning out of 

.15 ... I have seen the Eternal Footvian hold my 
coat and snicker, 
1 have seen the moment of my greatness flicker. 
And in short 1 was afraid. 

f. 13 So how should I presume? 

Beneath the music from a farther room [;] 
I know the voices with a dying fall [,] 

•p. 17 I have heard the mermaids singing each to 
each [;] 
7 do not think that they ivill sing to me. 

f. 14 I should have been a pair of ragged claws 
Scuttling across the floors of silent seas. 

And so we might go on, capriciously rearranging the 
parts of the poem, reading sometimes up the page rather 
than down, but never, in fear of accompHshing a com- 
plete demolition. The unity of the poem is sustained by 
its tone, its elegiac and dramatic lyricism, and by its 
interassociative patterns of imagery into an involute 
sequence to sustain a re-sounding conclusion. 

Sometime vou mav have a dav vou don't know what 
to do with. (Or, if the dislocated preposition offends, you 
m.ay imitate Mr. Churchill and say a day "up with which 
you cannot put.") If so, spend it in contemplation of 
"The Seafarer", "Dover Beach", and "Prufrock". Try 
reading them backwards, forwards, up and down the 
pages. You will be rewarded, I think, with a new, though 
conceivably incomplete, vision of the mystery form and 
of the marvels of poetic design. 

AND now three sonnets, which I persent with per- 
mission of only one of the authors, and copies of 
which I have assumed you have in vour hands. 
With them you can help me make mv next point. 

No. 116 


Let me not to the marriage of true minds 
Admit impediments. Love is not love 
Which alters when it alteration finds, 
Or hends with the remover to remove. 
O, no! it is an ever-fixed mark. 
That looks on Tempests and is never shaken; 
It is the star to every wand'ring bark, 
Whose worth's unknown, althouoh his 

height be taken. 
Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and 


Within his bending sickle's compass come; 
Love alters not with his brief hours and 

But bears it out even to the edge of doom. 
If this be error, and upon me prov'd, 
I never writ, nor no man ever lov'd. 



Where long the shadows of the wind had rolled, 

Green wheat was yielding to the change assigned; 

And as by some vast magic undivined 

The world was turning slowly into gold. 

Like nothing that was ever bought or sold 

It waited there, the body and the mind; 

And with a mighty meaning of a kind 

That tells the more the more it is not told. 

So in a land where all days are not fair, 

Fair days went on till on another day 

A thousand golden sheaves were lying there, 

Shining and still, but not for long to stay — 

As if a thousand girls with golden hair 

Might rise where they slept and go away. 



I know an old crone only found near places 

where man-made things have begun to return 

to the earth: rock foundations of ruined bridges; 

timbers of antique barns collapsed and rotted 

away; harrows, plows and threshers abandoned 

on the land and rusted to umber. And once inside 

a plot of father long ago had cleared 

and tended all his life, now almost feld 

again, 1 watched her kneel and scratch the bramble 

hack from a slab of wuthered stone, then peer 

as searching out some legend gnaived on earth's tomb 

by wind's tooth. Fisting one hand she looked 

as though to knock, but slowly rose without, 

and scuffed her way across November fields. 

(Printed with the permission of John S. Wheatcroft 

from his collection of poems Death Of a Clown, 

1964, p. 31) 

Of the three, Robinson's is the one most nearly like 
a song; Shakespeare's, a compelling argument, and 
Wheatcroft's a questioning meditation into the mystery 
of time. Robinson's is Petrachan in structure; Shake- 
speare's, Shakespearean, what else? and Wheatcroft's, 
up-side-down Petrachan, a sequence of six and eight lines 
instead of eight and six. Each sonnet produces its own 
distinctive tone: Robinson's an enchantment, Shake- 
speare's the sinewy strength of an unanswerable convic- 
tion, and Wheatcroft's the sound of an imaginative spec- 

I am interested especially, for the purposes of my 
argument in the sonnet about the old crone. At first, 
conventional glance something seems to be wrong with it. 

o o O 

JULY 1968 


Some things are still right enough. If one is careful with 
the rhythmic structure, especially of the third line, the 
poem scans; it has fourteen lines; and the imagery is 
secure. But the rhymes are not in place. They are there, 
but not at the ends of the lines. Why? 


Icnow — ago — ttiough 


crone — stone 


near — peer 


rock — knock 


away — way 


abandoned — land and 


land — hand 


again — then 


harrows — rose 

more than enough for a Shakespearean sonnet, if one 
simply moved them to the ends of the lines where, tradi- 
tionally, they belong. For a Petrachan sonnet one would 
need one more a rhyme, two fc's, one c, and one d; the 
e's, f s, and g's could be thrown away. Why all this appar- 
ent distortion? Well, if one is working to produce not 
only the description but also the expression of a disinte- 
gration in time, of rock foundations returning to the 
earth, of man-made things and feelings abandoned to the 
gnawing tooth of the wind, why not, consciously and 
deliberately, require the old foundations of the sonnet 
to give way in paradoxical support, turn the Petrachan 
pattern upside down, and allow the Shakespearean 
rhymes their appropriate dilapidation? One should make 
sure, however, that as things begin to fall apart enough of 
the original shape will remain to suggest what once was, 
and to involve a reader in the recreation of the old crone. 
And that, it seems to me is what happened. The old 
sonnet meters are maintained, the imagery is descriptively 
and symbolically secure. By shifting the rhymes into for- 
mal position, the sonnet could have been "nice" and 
regular, and so, in this instance, lost itself. What makes 
ruins interesting is their imaginative restoration. 

WITHIN the pattern, be it the modification of a 
traditional form or a design freshly invented, the 
poet expects his native language to perform un- 
usual feats. He is not satisfied to allow language — its 
sounds, grammatical structures, vocabulary, metaphors, 
denotations and connotations — to achieve merely its most 
elementary effects; that is, to convey practical informa- 
tion, to present what are called the facts. He expects it to 
transcend its ordinary powers and to "mean beyond the 
facts," to produce an unmistakable tone. In a sense, what 
the poet wishes to express is beyond language, but it must 
be communicated hy language in patterns of unexpected 
powers of revelation. Here are two examples, two pil- 

Chaucer's to the Shrine of Thomas Becket: 

Whan that A-prille with his shoures sote 

The droghte of Marche hath perced to the rote, 

And bathed every veyne in swich licour, 

Of which vertu engendred is the flour; 

Whan Zephirus eek with his sivete hreeth 

Inspired hath in every holt and heeth 

The tendre croppes, and the yonnge sonne 

Hath in the Ram his halfe coins y-ronne, 

And smale fowles maken melodye. 

That slepen al the night with open ye, 

(So priketh hem nature in hir corages): 

Than longen folk to goon on pilgrimages 

{And palmers for to seken straunge strondes) 

To feme halwes, coiithe in sondry londes; 

And specially from every shires ende 

Of Engelond, to Caunterhury they wende, 

The holy blisfid martir for to seke, 

That hem hath holpen, whan that they were seke 

(Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, "Prologue," 
c. 1387) 

Karl Patten's to the Saxon Church: 

The fireball drops, leaving shreds of orange along 
The hills. Sooner or later day ends everywhere. 
Dusk slips like grime into 
This valley, The incisors in the churchyard 
Dull their bite, lose shadows, a ruined mouthful. 

I am hurt by this Saxon church, by the clear fact 
Of men heaping so high stone on stone for ivalls. 
Then slating — stones pilfered 
From the Roman station, diamonds for deities. 
I have to love their building a box for God. 

For the nave stuns; we don't talk much of 

Aesthetics, rubble as conglomerate and sure 
As this puts all that by. 

Know, then, that God was here, given a visage 
By his people when they were dark, he light. 

Can I think only of this church, its perfection 
In being the very form of what it is, the fower 
Of a cross scratched on stone. 

When the church stands in a world, and the world 
Which slumps outside the padlocked gate is mean? 

That fiery tongue burnt out, and this village is 
Cleft with cold. It dilapidates into dust, 
Tumbling from its center 
Without even the dignity of a street. 
Literally a dead end, like a leper's foot. 

To say some live here is cruel. Some shelter and 
Burrow and haunt, though no spade bothers the 

grave weeds. 
An eroded woman 

Scurries across the mudway; huddled on the 
Confectioner's stoof a small girl sucks her thumb. 
This ash-valley God forgot, left — left these poor to 
Grind their jaws on stones, to rub their eyes at the 

news ' 

Of the world, to drink j 



Down draughts of smoke, to open each other for 

Of better and discover no surprise. 

If this is faith's and hope's and charity's doing, 
Why, there then, I can pray: 

"O Lord, make me into a stone, that never hopes for 

{Printed with the permission of Karl W . Patten.) 


FOR scholars; that is, for teachers and students, poetry 
has become within this century a subject for dis- 
ciplined investigation, or, perhaps it were better to 
say, poems have become increasingly objects of scholarly 
analysis and criticism, something other than objects of less 
complicated enjovment, memorization, or of what used 
to be called "appreciation." The scholar's high hope is 
that readers of poems, among whom he includes himself, 
will respond to the demands of a larger necessitv: the 
necessity of achieving a condition of maximum conscious- 
ness of the poem as a work of art. Poetry as a means of 
grace, or poetry as a significant force in the fashioning of 
a gendeman are ideas much less attractive for the time 
being than is poetry as an object for rigorous intellectual 

In the achievement of maximum consciousness the 
scholar inevitably turns for assistance to his own skill in 
critical analvsis and with redoubled effort to the some- 
times painful assessment of his conclusions against the 
ever growing accumulation of critical expertise, produced 
by the scholars who are determined not to perish. But he 
should not stop there; for he has been warned that not 
only literary criciticism itself but also the discoveries of 
philosophers, theologians, psychologists (certainly), com- 
puters, mathematicians, aestheticians, and linguistic sci- 
entists have been made for him, — that 

They'll all, face to face. 
Meet in Parallel Space, . . . 

Batdes within the literary world make the scholar 
want to cry out for a "cease fire." Whence should the 
ideas of order come? From the courts of Elizabeth I, 
Anne, and Victoria; from an "unreal city," Key West, or 
from Camden or Patterson, New Jersey? Is there an 
American idiom, finally and clearly separated from an 
outworn British tradition? Should one concentrate on 
what is called the "Ezra Pound of the Cantos", to save 
one's reputation, and ignore what one can more readily 
enjoy in his poetry? How does one account for myths, 
archetypes, symbolism, and sex? Will the instruments of 
total comprehension and critical decision draw back the 
curtain to reveal, at last, the "invisible nature of man" to 
be genetically alienated? 

|OETS themselves, many of whom are gifted in liter- 
ary analysis, join the critics in inventive "legislation", 
present the scholar with novelties, obscurities, and 

calculated experiments that can in no sense be looked 
upon as the artifacts or poetical instruments of a genteel 
tradition. Simply to keep in touch with what is going on 
at the creative center, the scholar must learn and devise 
methods of investigarion far different from those that 
seemed to satisfy his predecessors. He is prompted to 
assume that not only the poem but also the bodv criticism 
surrounding it is to be regarded as an important (certain- 
ly a more voluminous) part of that which has been cre- 
ated. Furthermore, quick as he is to sense the prevailing 
enthusiasms of an age that has witnessed the ascendancy 
of science (and what looks like science) and technology 
as, respectivelv, a dominant mode of thought and an un- 
mistakable mode of achievement, the scholar is tempted, 
or advised, to search the purlieus of that "other culture" 
for the verv model of a modern methodology. Thus ac- 
commodated he can more comfortably face his intellec- 
tual peers who minister in the temples of the hard discip- 

In this assumption there may be, of course, a pro- 
fessional temptation and a game to be played, sometimes 
at the expense of poetry, even in the learned seminar. 
The prize for winning is likely to go (indeed, must go) 
to the scholar most adept in eristic skill or in the ancient 
forms of scholastic disputation. A more clinical proce- 
dure in dealing with a poem is to bring it in for observa- 
tion. X-ray it, find something critically wrong, and then 
put it to bed, permanently, under a heap of explicative 
blankets. In our innocence we can participate in the 
demolition of poems like Hiawatha; in our learned 
sophistication we can sometimes achieve a calculated 

EVEN the poet himself may assume, one discovers, 
the attitude of impersonal detachment towards his 
own work. Let me introduce an example. At a 
poetry contest (frightful phrase) in which I participated 
as a judge four years ago, I met a young man to whom I 
shall refer as the Atomic Poet. In reading the poem he 
had submitted (one of about three pages in length) I 
had become convinced, one third of the way through it, 
that this one might conceivably win the first prize. But at 
the half-way point there was a change into what became 
progressively an unintelligible mess. I was curious; so I 
talked to the Atomic Poet. He told me that I had missed 
the whole point: that the modern poet must prove not 
only his capacity for creation but also his powers of anni- 
hiladon. The second half of the poem was, therefore, a 
willful effort to destroy the first and to come out finally 
with the expression of a shattering disintegration, setting 
free clouds of lethal radiation. This young man belongs 
to his time; his poem, one might say, is a real bomb. 
(Sorry!) But like Shelley, he may have a point. It may be 
either my elderly stubbornness or my romantic refusal to 
enter here, abandoning all hope, that prevents me from 
wantino to acknowledge the Atomic Poet as a legislator 
of his or my world. 

Thus, in a labyrinth of critical opinion, attitudes, 
swiftly changing intellectual fashions, ingenious experi- 

JULY 1968 


ments, and complicated games, the scholar, at times un- 
derstandably bewildered, knows that to emerge he must 
hold fast to the clue of thread and listen for what Gerald 
Manlev Hopkins might call the "golden echo" of his 
inner necessity. He must "give back" to poetry all that he 
possesses of a natural response to its attractions, of his 
capacity for intuitive discovery, and of whatever analyti- 
cal skill he has managed to acquire: what he instinctively 
likes, what he imagines, and what he can explain intellec- 
tually. As a person he cannot escape a continuing in- 
volvement in his childhood, his youth, and his hopefully 
more articulate maturity. He cannot allow the superimpo- 
sition of fashionable "methodologies," be they aesthetic 
or scientific, to put down forever into a buried life all 
other experiences he has had in the enjoyment of poetry. 
For better or worse, he must continue to be himself, the 
conscious and self-acknowledged legislator of his inner 

what if a much of a which of a wind 

gives the truth to summer's lie; 

bloodies with dizzying leaves the sun 

and yanks immortal stars aivry? 

Blow king to heggar and queen to seem 

(blow friend to fiend: blow space to time) 

— when skies are hanged and oceans drowned, 

the single secret will still he man 

(E. E. Cummings, "What If a Much of a Which of 
a Wind", Stanza 1} 

AFTER the last syllable has been counted, the images 
boxed up, the structure anatomized, the footnotes 
digested and extended, the critiques gleaned for 
supporting commentary, there is still the mystery of the 
poet's creation, still the scholar's obligation to recreate 
the poem, to be "still and still moving into another inten- 
sity, ... a deeper communion" (Eliot, Eour Qtiartets, 
"East Coker," V) with it. For the student and the teacher 
there are still the old questions: Do I want this poem for 
one of my own? Is it going to wear out? Am I ready for it 
now? Can I ever forget it? Can we, as scholars, to quote 
what Dylan Thomas is reported to have said in a letter to 
Glyn Jones (March 16, 1934), "get out of . . . poems 
twice as much as we ourselves put into them."? 

Poetry celebrates what man in any age has discovered 
to be imaginatively important. Once set in motion in a 
durable pattern, "The Wild Swans at Coole" forever 

. . . suddenly mount 

And scatter wheeling in great broken rings 

U-pon their clamorous wings. 

Unwearied still, lover hy lover. 

They -paddle in the cold 

Companionable strea^ns or climb the air; 

Their hearts have not grown old; 

Passion or conquest, wander where they will, 

Attend upon them still. 

And men forever sail to Byzantium. Hamlet, a fiction, 
survives as something more "real" than Queen Elizabeth, 
a fact. A small bov, Scamandrius, forever shrinks back in 
terror before his own father, Hector, transformed by his 
battle dress into an unfamiliar danger. Aeneas, as men, 
have before and since, rushes back into a burning city to 
find Creusa. And a man with a little horse stops by woods 

Words move, music moves 

Only in time; but that which is only living 

Can only die. Words, after speech, reach 

Into the silence. Only by the form, the pattern, 

Can \vords or music reach 

The stillness, as a Chinese jar still 

Moves perpetually in its stillness. 

Not the stillness of the violin, while the note lasts. 

Not that only, but the coexistence, 

Or say that the end precedes the beginning 

And the end and the beginning were always there 

Before the beginning and after the end. 

And all is always now. 

(T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets, Burnt Norton, V.) 

For readers, for poets, certainly, and for scholars, — for all 
men in all seasons, poetry is a necessity. 

Dr. C. Willard Smith 



At the end of the Victorian era, 
artists in the British Isles sought 
to fight free of nineteenth-century 
artifice and convention. 

Re- vision' and William Rothenstein 

By Mary McClelland Lago '40 

HUMANITIES scholars at a loss for new lines of 
research might consider investigating the poster 
art above the desks of their graduate assistants. 
These posters fill several functions. They provide relief 
for the book-bleared eyes of the assistants and, for under- 
graduates, intimations of a more sophisticated intellectual 
other-life. As indices of coming trends in scholarly re- 
search, the posters are nearly infallible; they tell us what 
the graduate student would like to investigate, if ever he 
finishes his dissertation. 

Therefore, when Aubrey Beardsley's drawings go up 
on the office wall in place of Marilyn Monroe or Tol- 
kienish landscapes labelled "Come to Middle Earth," we 
may expect to be occupied for a time with a new view of 
the 1890's. Erom there it is only a step to the next neatly 
definable period, the Edwardian years from 1901 to World 
War I. 

Cultural historians have been freeing us from the old 
generalizations about morally earnest Victorian and dec- 
adent Edwardian. We are the better for knowmg that the 

Mary McClelland Lago returned to England this month to 
continue her research on the correspondence between Sir William 
Rothenstein and the Nobel Laureate Bengali poet Rabindranath 
Tagore. The work is being done with grants from the American 
Philosophical Society. An instructor in English at the University of 
Missouri, Mrs. Lago has published extensively on the work of 
Tagore, including her co-translator's role of the 1965 paperbound 
Signet Classic, The Housewarming and Other Selected Writ- 
ings of Rabindranath Tagore. 

high Victorians recognized themselves as fallible human 
beings and that King and country were not wholly given 
over to frivolity in the Edwardian era. Eor a similarly bal- 
anced picture of the arts in England in the 1890's, we 
ought not to dwell on the flamboyance and personal trag- 
edy of Aubrey Beardsley and Oscar Wilde, or even dwell 
on the I890's at all without examining the solid achieve- 
ments which helped to make that decade all of a piece 
with the Edwardian years. 1901, the year of Victoria's 
death, was a sentimental and psychological as well as a 
chronological turning point, but 1901 was also roughly 
the mid-point in a process which makes it difficult for us 
to store the arts of that time in separate folders neatly 
labelled "Literature," "Theatre," "Painting," "Music," 
and so on. 

This process which tied together the arts of the two 
periods may be described as an attempt at a new way of 
seeing — a "re-vision" in the most literal sense of the term. 
Here and there in the British Isles poets, painters, musi- 
cians, stage designers and dramatists began, each in his 
own way, to fight free of nineteenth-century artifice and 
convention. The most conspicuous revival from this revolt 
to attract attention at present is the Art Nouveau prac- 
tised (flaunted, proper Victorians said) by Aubrey Beard- 
sley, and published in The Yellow Book and The Savoy. 
Perhaps the work of Beardsley and other so-called Decad- 
ents of the I890's did the arts a good turn by acting as an 
antitoxin; it attacked stale Victorian artifice and conven- 
tions by being outrageously but frankly artificial and un- 

JULY 1968 


conventional. No doubt it was this inverted sort of honesty 
which made Max Beerbohm's essay, "A Defense of Cos- 
metics," so irritating to the culturally orthodox. What the 
Victorians overlooked was the fact that no real "decadent" 
works as hard as did some of the Decadents of the 1890's. 
When they lounged in the Cafe Royal, thev lounged con- 
spicuously. But when Beerbohm or Beardsley, Rothen- 
stein or Yeats locked themselves into studio or studv, thev 
worked with a diligence and intensity which would have 
gratified Thomas Carlyle himself. 

AFTER the turn of the century the Decadents lost 
their cohesion as a group in the public eye. Wilde's 
downfall, the deaths of Beardsley and Dowson and 
Conder, were sobering events. The others grew older, 
took on new responsibilities and new ideas about art, 
moved into new social circles. But they had helped to 
launch a "re-vision" which they and others carried on in 
England right up to the outbreak of war in 1914. As they 
went back and forth to France, for holidays, for their 
health, for study and stimulation, they carried letters of 
introduction, books, paintings, and the message that Paris 
and not London was where the action was. 

The action which occurs first to us is, of course, the 
work of the French Impressionist painters of the 1860's. 
But the "re-vision" had an important literary origin in the 
uproar over Madame Bovary in the 1850's. Flaubert justi- 
fied aesthetically every word which went into the novel, 
and during the writing he told Louise Colet; "Everything 
one invents is true, you may be sure. Poetry is as precise 
as geometry. Induction is as accurate as deduction; and 
besides, after reaching a certain point one no longer makes 
any mistakes about the thinps of the soul." 

Flaubert's struggle with his novel was only in part his 
struggle with style. Fundamentally it was the old battle 
over whether measurement or imagination provides the 
better standard for art and for living. He settled it for 
himself by so refining his style as to make it a means for 
communicating the reality of certain supra-mechanical re- 
lationships between men and their environment. Inven- 
tion is "true" if it conveys something to the soul. Artifice 
is acceptable as technique, as a means to an end, if the 
end has meaning. If the artist finds special meaning in his 
subject he may report it by any means he chooses — the 
story of a romance-starved village housewife, or a picture 
which falls apart at close range into dots of primary color. 
It is when the artist finds no special meaning and has 
nothing special to report that he and his audience are in 

The nature of this trouble became apparent to artists 
in England when the Victorian restrictions began to fall 
away. Not a few artists and writers became like children 
with a handful of tickets and the run of a fairgrounds, but 
with no very clear idea of what they wanted to do. Some 
took off after the Post-Impressionist band which happened 
to be passing, but frequently forgot to ask how far it 
would go. Others went back home to wait for someone 
who would tell them what to do first. 

William Rothenstein was one of those who knew what 
they wanted. Formal description presents him as a por- 
trait painter; an early member of the New English Art 
Club, which had been since 1886 a center for younger 
artists impatient with the staidness of the Roval Academy; 
Principal for fifteen years of the Royal College of Art; and 
Official War Artist in two world wars. 

INFORMAL description is, as usual, more valuable. 
His memoirs and especially his letters show that he 

was a mixture, often disconcerting to himself and to 
others, of pragmatist and mystic, classicist and romantic. 
Wyndham Lewis called him "the last of the great wits." 
"The enemy of approximations," was the phrase of 
Jacques-Emile Blanche. After Rothenstein's death in 1945 
Max Beerbohm recalled his friend of fifty years as "a giv- 
er, a giver with both hands, in the grand manner." Wil- 
liam was also a worrier, but very often an exceedingly 
constructive worrier; he had a keen instinct for the 
phony, for the pointless put-on. 

He had also a remarkable knack for being at the 
center of things. In 1888, at the age of sixteen, after much 
drawing but litde exposure to art, he persuaded his parents 
to let him leave Yorkshire and study art in London. After 
a year of drawing plaster casts, he got his family's permis- 
sion to go to Paris. He was there for four years, studying 
at the Academic Julian, winning prizes, and sought out 

William Rothenstein in 1940 



by such artists as Degas, Whistler, and Toulouse-Lautrec, 
all of whom were impressed by his precocious ability and 
his singlemindedness wherever the arts were concerned. 

One of his first projects after he returned to England 
in 1893 was a series of lithograph portraits of Oxford 
dignitaries. At Oxford he met Max Beerbohm, then an 
undergraduate, not yet a dignitary, but without doubt an 
incipient celebrity. Now Rothenstein's circles of associ- 
ates in Paris, Oxford, and London began to merge. Later 
in the I890's when he settled in London to earn a living 
as a portrait painter, he was where the action was begin- 
ning in England. 

Anyone who tried to draw a diagram of the relation- 
ships and achievements of William Rothenstein and his 
friends in those years would produce an exceedingly com- 
plicated affair of crossing lines and interlocking circles, 
but hindsight shows us how much of their work centered 
on a common effort to achieve a candid new view of the 
arts and how much this has affected our vision. 

A few examples will serve to represent many which 
followed a consistent pattern. For example, during his 
acting apprenticeship with Henry Irving's company, Gor- 
don Craig met James Pryde and William Nicholson. 
They were brothers-in-law, well acquainted with mem- 
bers of the New English Art Club, and co-producers of 
posters which they signed as "The Beggarstaff Brothers." 
Pryde was stagestruck, and Craig was learning to draw. 
Nicholson taught Craig to work with woodblocks, and 
Pryde taught him the uses of black and of simplicity as 
elements of stvle. (This was in 1893, the beginning of 
the first "Beardsley boom.") By this time Craig had met 
Rothenstein. During the next seven years, Craig pub- 
lished Rothenstein's drawings in his magazine. The Page, 
and Rothenstein rallied support for Craig's work in the 

IN 1900 Craig designed and produced Dido and 
Aeneas for the Purcell Society. For a long time he had 

been impatient with the painfully realistic or histori- 
cal stage sets which were standard in the English theatre. 
Now he used the stage as an artist uses a canvas or a 
woodblock, desioning each scene for maximum effect from 
a few simple elements carefully balanced. Black and 
white was a conspicuous combination, and a contempo- 
rary reviewer noticed that when he used color, it was the 
palette typical of the New English Art Club. Yeats told 
Craig that it was the only good thing of the kind he had 
seen and seven years later was studying Craig's adjustable 
scene model with the Abbey Theatre in mind. Audiences 
in England, however, were quite happy with overstuffed 
stages and disorderly hordes of spear-carriers, and Craig's 
subsequent productions had to beg for critical attention. 

In 1903 he staged an early Ibsen tragedy. The Vik- 
ings of Helgeland. As usual, the press gave it little notice, 
and Rothenstein fired off an indignant letter which ap- 
peared in The Saturday Review the night the play closed. 
Then Rothenstein did something much more important; 
he introduced Craig to his German friend and patron of 
the arts. Count Kessler. Kessler prompdy put Craig in 

William Rothenstein, in Paris, 1889 

touch with European stage designers who were equally 
intent on ridding the theatre of coiling drapery and clut- 
ter. This was the start of Craig's career in Europe and in 
Russia and from then on England saw little of him. At 
the time, with the exception of people like Yeats and 
Rothenstein, England could not have cared less, but they 
never doubted that she would some day discover her loss. 

Combining admiration and action on behalf of others 
was a pattern repeated again and again. In 1903 Ford 
Madox HuefFer suggested that Rothenstein draw Joseph 
Conrad, who was then living in a farmhouse which 
belonged to HuefFer and struggling with money worries 
and Nostroino. The drawing initiated a lifelong friend- 
ship based on a common concern for making the precise 
word, the exact line, say as much as possible about mean- 
ings which lie beyond style. Conrad's intensity exhausted 
himself and everyone around him. "But I sympathised 
with him acutely," Rothenstein recalled, "in his desire to 
impress the passion of life on to his pages. This sympathy 
was, I think, the basis of our friendship; for Conrad 
seemed to understand what I too was aiming at in my 
painting ... in him 1 had at last met a man of a passion- 
ate nature, who yet understood that a sane view of life is 
not a matter of compromise; but, as the mot juste, the 
phrase which shows neither weakness or exaggeration, is 
the quest of the writer, so the sane opinion, the just action, 
are the signs of the enlightened man." 

Rothenstein thereupon sent Conrad £50 and a 
salmon, raised another £500 among his own friends, and 
urged Edmund Gosse to persuade the Prime Alinister to 
get Conrad a Civil List Pension. Rothenstein had money 
worries of his own, but these would not have deterred 
him from executing the "just action" on behalf of a 
truly dedicated artist. 

JULY 1968 


I^ -'x^r/yCv 


Rothenstein's "St. Martin's 
Summer," an oil 33" x 36", 
ai'os -painted in 1925. It is 
part of the Rutherston Col- 
lection in the Manchester Art 
Gallery. Photo is from Gal- 
lery's collection and is used 
hy permission. 

IN 1907 he performed another portentous good deed 
when Jacob Epstein arrived from New York with a 

letter of introduction to Bernard Shaw. Epstein's par- 
ents disapproved of art as a career, and he wanted to work 
in Europe. Shaw thought his drawings looked like burnt 
furse-bushes and passed him on to Rothenstein who 
promptly went to work. He introduced Epstein to other 
sculptors, obtained some money from a London Jewish 
society and supplemented it with monthly checks from 
his own pocket. This generosity at a crucial time was re- 
paid by Epstein with savage discourtesy on more than one 
occasion. Rothenstein refused to hold a grudge. Epstein, 
he said, belonged to "the tradition of the man of genius, 
a good tradition, v^'hich allows of an uncompromising 
attitude to the world, and freedom from social complica- 

In 1910 Rothenstein joined Laurence Binvon, Ananda 
Coomaraswamy, Walter Crane, AE, and other artists in a 
protest aimed at the Government's policy for its four art 
schools in India. India's achievements in the fine arts 
were ignored or denied by the India Office in London, 
and Indian students in the schools were forced into utili- 
tarian handicraft traditions which were more English 
than Indian. Rothenstein was outraged when a Govern- 


ment representative at a session of the Indian Section of 
the Royal Society pronounced the Buddha t\'pe of sacred 
figure no more spiritual than a boiled suet pudding. It 
was Rothenstein who proposed the organization of the 
India Society, which would promote India's fine arts in 

Later in 1910 Rothenstein went to India to see Indian 
art and artists for himself. There he met the Bengali artist 
cousins, Abanindranath and Gaganendranath Tagore, and 
their poet uncle, Rabindranath Tagore. This was another 
of Rothenstein's enduring friendships based on art and 
instinct. When Rabindranath came to England two years 
later, carrying in his pocket his own random experiments 
at translation from his Bengali lyric poems, Rothenstein 
marshalled his literary friends to introduce Tagore and 
his work. The roster is impressive: A. C. Bradley, Robert 
Bridges, Stopford Brooke, A. H. Fo.x-Strangways, Thom- 
as Sturge Moore, Gilbert Murray, Ezra Pound, Ernest 
Rhys, W. B. Yeats. The poems were published by the 
India Society late in 1912 as GitanjaU: Scmg-Offerings. 
It was the first of many translations of Tagore's work, and 
it won the 1913 Nobel Prize for Literature. Tagore was 
the first Asian to be thus honored and the first modern 
Bengali author to achieve mass popularity in the West. 


This was the first instance, also, of a kind of cuhural 
exchange which has mushroomed in the United States 
since World War II. 

A consistent motivation has ordered all these activi- 
ties of Rothenstein and his friends. It was the desire for 
"re-vision," for a new wav of seeing v\'hich would get 
closer to the fundamentals of the arts. Gordon Craig's 
simplified stage designs, Conrad's search for verbal pre- 
cision, the simple solidity of Epstein's sculpture, the India 
Society's original purpose and program, all aimed at 
uncovering a forgotten genuineness beneath the non- 
functional artifice which preceding generations had 
spread on like so many layers of stale icing. Others among 
Rothenstein's associates pursued the same goal: Arnold 
Dolmetsch, the pioneer in the reconstruction and revival 
of Renaissance instruments and the clean, bright sound of 
Renaissance music; Roger Frv, who failed to convince 
Rothenstein that Cezanne was the prophet of a new 
classicism, yet shared Rothenstein's passion for seeing pic- 
tures "live," not in reproduction; Eric Gill, who was 
renewing the arts of typography and letter-cutting. Per- 
sonal differences or disappointments, lapses of gratitude, 
disagreements about aesthetic creed, all were overruled 
for William Rothenstein by absolute commitment to art. 
A lapse from that commitment was the one he could not 

SUCH commitment strikes us as incongruous now, 
when artists often seem to go from theory to theory 
like fish flopping from one shallow pool to the next. 
But total commitment is always incongruous. The really 
remarkable thing about Rothenstein is that while he 
moved in the midst of important movements, he remained 
so positively himself. The excitement generated by Im- 
pressionism in France exhilarated him, but he did not 
make himself over into an Impressionist in order to be 

fashionable. Nor was he swept away by Post-Impression- 
ism when it became the newer thing to follow. Conven- 
tional approval or disapproval had nothing to do with his 
evaluations of his friends or their work; he judged them 
by the same exacting standards which he applied to him- 

We have said that he knew what he wanted. This was 
nothing less than perfection: "To achieve the vitality 
which results from direct contact with nature, with na- 
ture's final simplicity and radiance — how unattainable! 
Yet only by aiming at an impossible perfection is possible 
perfection to be reached." Thus the arch-Romantic Roth- 
enstein, who insisted on painting directly from nature, 
not from nature seen through a window or copied from 

Like Browning's Andrea del Sarto, Rothenstein knew 
his imperfections. Unlike Andrea, he refused to come to 
terms with them. Painting or poem was to him a living 
thing, and the painter or poet not its creator but the agent 
of its creation, a role which justified jov but not pride. In 
1915 he wrote to Tagore: 

I suppose a painter (as) understanding the pan- 
theistic attitude better than most people, because 
when he's painting anyone or anything, all the 
beauty in the world conies bursting out of the 
thing or person he is concentrating upon & he 
knows that this beauty has no aesthetic effect on 
him, hut an overpoweringly human one, making 
him, while he is subject to it, love man & heast 
& bird, or field & sky & tree & hill with an all 
embracing heart. I am not sure that we aren't 
very disagreeable the moment after, when we go 
into the house from the studio or field; that is 
why perhaps ive are not often heroes to cnir 
valets — they don't see us until we want some- 
thins, to eat, or to wear, or until we have a head- 
er ' ' 

ache or a cold. 

William Orfen's "Selecting 
]ury, N. E. A. C. 1909" now 
hangs in the National Portrait 
Gallery, London. The photo 
is from the Gallery's collec- 
tion and is used hy permis- 
sion. Note Rothenstein lean- 
ing forward with Augustus 
John in back. 

JULY 1968 


Mary McClelland Lago '40 

HE artist's only excuse for his behavior is his claim 
to see things which others cannot see or have not 
thousht to look for. In exchange, he ought to feel 
bound by vows of "obedience and good use of his powers." 
If he settles for anything less, he will eventually lose his 
audience, and no amount of talk about "significant form" 
will entice it back. Balance is the ultimate aim: 

If I faint a tree, & follow ivith enough concen- 
tration the poise of the hole & the directions of 
the great spreading branches, I may indicate all 
the forces which have hent & twisted them & 
drawn them upwards, hut my mind is innocent 
of all knoivledge of these forces: any student of 
arboriculture knows these things, hut by obedi- 
ence & good use of my powers I may be able to 
make other people feel the tree-i-ness in a way 
the scientific man is unable to do . . . We are 
unbalanced at our ultimate grave risk, & unless 
an artist uses his gifts %vith scrupulous judg- 
ment he is a danger to the village — that is at the 
root of the mistrust which so many people feel 
toward the breed. 
He described himself as "possessed with the faith" 
that rigorously honest concern with appearances allows 
"something of the mystery of life" to enter an artist's work. 
He mistrusted virtuoso technique as a net so apparent that 
"truth that is shy and elusive" would avoid it with ease. 
Nature was the greatest of all designers. "Man's own 
sense of design is derived of necessity from hers. It is non- 
sense to talk of 'mere realism.' Appearance is dynamic, not 
static; . . ." Thus the classicist, with a broad streak of the 

Two scenes evoke his presence. One is a painting 
which depicts Rothenstein doing something he must have 
done countless times: he is looking at a picture. The paint- 
ing is William Orpen's "Selecting Jury, N. E. A. C, 
1909." The foreground is occupied by the back of the 
picture being considered and by the back of the steward 
who holds it up. Several N. E. A. C. members, one of 

whom is Orpen himself, stand together in the right-hand 
background and gaze rather coldly at the picture. Augus- 
tus John, looking chubby and Pickwickian, stands in front 
of them and squints at it from under his eyebrows. In the 
left-hand background is another group who seem to look 
neither at the picture nor at each other. But in the fore- 
ground is William Rothenstein, leaning far across the 
table with his face thrust close to the canvas. His bald 
head and his glasses dominate the foreground; the eyes 
behind the glasses are deep, intense, and the only ones in 
the picture which are wide open and focussed squarely on 
the painting being considered. He looks at it as if his life 
depended — as indeed it did — upon finding some clue to 
the reality which the artist had glimpsed and had tried to 
communicate to his audience. 

Even if Orpen had not labelled each person in the 
painting by printing his name beside his head in bright 
red, we cannot help suspecting that he intended a carica- 
ture. Hovv'ever, caricatures often reveal what formal por- 
traits cannot. When we look at this painting we cannot 
miss the intensity v\'ith which William Rothenstein looked 
at and into a picture. When fixed by such an eye, woe 
betide the artist who had thought to get by on nothing 
but flashy technique and shoddy intentions! 

THE second view is that of a specific place, one which 
Rothenstein loved with a particular passion and 
painted again and again in many moods of time and 
weather. It is a valley near Stroud, in Gloucestershire, 
where the Rothensteins had first a farm, then a cottage at 
Far Oakridge. He is buried at Oakridge Lynch, in a 
churchyard which overlooks the long valley. The sky 
there is neither lofty nor brilliant, but on a late-summer 
day it seems to draw together the steep hillside fields and 
the woods where trees lean toward one another with an 
air of familiaritv and confidence. The field-stone in the 
fences and buildings has a rose-gray cast which is like 
nothing in Pennsylvania or New England. London might 
be a thousand miles away, and the sociologist would call 
the valley a neglected area. But William Rothenstein 
found, at times when it seemed that "things fall apart, the 
centre cannot hold" and "the best lack all conviction," 
from Far Oakridge he could write: 

I can be disagreeable & unsympathetic; the Gods 
withheld their gift of charm from me; hut I 
cannot hate, & I cannot train myself, so late in 
life, to see evil only in men's motives & actions. 
Habit &■ training have alike encouraged me to 
see, in any man sitting in a chair before me, only 
miraculous form & noble features; I know that 
if I put my pencil aside that less Godlike quali- 
ties will intervene. But I do carry a pencil al- 
ways in my pocket . . . 1 am too old to throw it 
away, & to see ugliness, evil & untruth. So I 
remain entrenched at Oakridge, . . . 
As rural valleys go, the valley at Oakridge is more tran- 
quil than spectacular. But it is something to have been 
much loved by a man of much conviction, so that it 
provided him a center, and it held. 



The Varied Worlds of Bucknellians 

The Bell Still Tolls 

With metal quite scarce during the 
Revolutionary War, the British laid 
plans to melt down the old state 
house bell in Philadelphia which had 
rung out the news of the signing oF 
the Declaration of Independence in 

How those plans were foiled by 
colonists is the plot of a fascinating 
historical novel for children, Hiding 
the Bell, by Ruth Nulton Moore '44 
The book was published in April by 
the Westminster Press and has been 
highly praised by reviewers. It is for 
the age 8 to 12 reading group. 

A former teacher of English litera- 
ture and social studies, Ruth previ- 
ously authored Frisky the Playful 
Pony (1966) and several short sto- 
ries and poems for children. She is 
the wife of Professor Carl L. Moore 
'43, of Lehigh University, who is the 
successful author of several textbooks 
on marketing and accounting. 

Ruth began her writing career just 
a few years ago. Her husband and 
two sons, Carl, 14, and Stephen, 9, 
are her first "readers" and severest 

"The boys read the novel while it 
was in manuscript form," she says. 
"Naturally, I had to have their ap- 

Based on an actual incident, Ruth 
weaves a tale filled with action, sus- 
pense and excitement around young 
Ben Miller, a fictional character who 
overhears the plot to seize the bell 
and melt it into armaments. 

Actually, a group of colonists stole 
the bell, concealed it in a hav wagon 
and carted it to Northampton Town, 
now Allentown, where it was secret- 
ed under the floor of the old Zion 
Church until the end of the war. 
The Liberty Bell Shrine at the Zion's 
United Church of Christ in Allen- 
town now marks this historic site. 

Mrs. Ruth Nulton Moore '44 at work on a new volume of historical fiction for children. 

Fictionally, Ben Miller, his father, 
his uncle and his cousin, Johnnv, are 
the central figures in the trek from 
Philadelphia to Allentown with the 
hidden bell. It's a 60-mile adventure 
which includes eluding a suspicious 
young British officer and a group of 
Hessian soldiers who discover the 
secret of the hay-filled wagon. 

Ruth admits having "great fun 
writing the novel." She holds an 
M.A. degree in 19th Century Litera- 
ture from Columbia University and 
is familiar with the discipline of re- 
search. The book is thoroughly au- 
thenticated right down to the details 
of proper speech by Friends of that 
period — a detail reviewed by a Quak- 
er scholar. 

Now that Hiding the Bell is in 
bookstores across the country, Ruth is 
hard at work on another historical 
story about the conspiracy of Chief 
Pontiac at Fort Detroit. Since one of 
her stories, "Juanito and the Angry 
Parrot," appears in the anthology 
High and Wide, a children's reader 
published by the American Book Co., 
she is doing her teaching by type- 
writer in schools across America. 

Conserving A Resource 

There are now more than 23,000 
living Alumni of Bucknell, and one 
graduate has some working knowl- 
edge of the name, address and occu- 
pation of all of them. 

JULY 1968 


That graduate is Dr. Coleman J. 
Harris '12, a son of the late Rev. Dr. 
John Howard Harris, fourth presi- 
dent of Bucknell University. He be- 
gan the monumental task of compil- 
ing an Alumni directory more than 
five years ago — a work interrupted by 
three major surgical operations and 
prolonged periods of hospitalization. 
But the work has been completed and 
the list includes the Class of 1966. 

A man with a statistical bent, Dr. 
Harris estimates that in rewriting 
and revising his directory, he wrote 
a minimum of 3,163,000 names, ar- 
ranging and rearranging the names 
in alphabetical order. Source books 
for the compilation were the Alumni 
Directories of 1926, 1940 and 1950, 
plus the class rosters from 1950 
through 1966. 

The holder of A.B., A.M., M.S., 
and Ph.D. degrees and a college pro- 
fessor and museum curator for 38 
years, Dr. Harris is a man of cath- 
olic interests. He is a Fellow of the 
American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, of the Ameri- 
can Botanical Society and of the Na- 
tional Geographic Society. He is one 
of the ten men cited by the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture as the 
leading authorities in the conserva- 
tion of natural resources. 

The new directory is now in use as 
a source reference in Alumni Head- 
quarters and its author is busy with 
other tasks. But he has conserved 
one of the University's natural re- 
sources through his deep and abiding 
interest in Bucknell and her gradu- 

Engineering Honors 

The Southern Arizona Chapter of 
the American Societv of Civil Engi- 
neers honored George T. Grove '14 
on April 19 by naming him recipient 
of the John C. Park Outstanding 
Civil Engineering Award. The cere- 
monv was held in the Pioneer Ho- 
tel, Tucson, Arizona. 

A former director of public works 
for the City of Tucson, Arizona, Mr. 
Grove still works as a part-time engi- 
neering consultant in the Pima Coun- 
ty Planning and Zoning Dept. He 
moved to Arizona in 1918 with no 
contacts and little money, beginning 

George T. Grove '14 

work as an engineer for Southern 
Pacific Railways. From 1921-31 he 
served the City of Tucson and was 
an engineer for the federal govern- 

o o 

ment before starting an 11-year stint 
as Pima County Engineer in 1937. 
Since 1948 he has been a consultant 
for private firms, the City of Tucson 
and Pima County. 

Mr. Grove told fellow engineers 
who gathered to honor him that as 
a youth he had dreamed of going to 
Alaska and that a logical approach to 
achieving that dream seemed to him 
to lie in engineering studies. 

Now 78, Mr. Grove outlined how 
he had saved money to pursue studies 
at Bucknell. He said that as a stu- 
dent, he sold advertising for The 
BucknelUan and got into difficulties 
with two faculty members by selling 
ads to cigaret manufacturers. 

Appraising engineering today, he 
said that when he began his career, 
civil engineers were the only ones 
around. Now, he said, the abun- 
dance of new knowledge makes it 
mandatorv for an engineer to special- 

A registered professional engineer 
and a Fellow of the American Society 
of Civil Engineers, Mr. Grove has 
two sons who are following engineer- 
ing careers. His late wife, the for- 
mer Bertha Pfleegor '09, was a na- 
tive of Montandon. Mr. Grove re- 
sides at 734 East Fourth St., Tucson, 

Outstanding Young Men 

Seven Bucknell University alumni 
are among approximately 10,000 
young men throughout the country 
who have been selected for inclu- 
sion in the 1968 edition of Outstand- 
ing Young Men of America. 

Former U. S. Jaycee president 
Doug Blankenship, who is serving as 
chairman of the 14-man selection 
board, said that the men chosen 
"have distinguished themselves in one 
or more fields of endeavor to the point 
of being outstanding." All of the men 
are between the ages of 21 and 35. 

The Bucknell alumni named are 
John P. Battin, Jr. '57, an employee 
of Mutual of New York residing in 
Frankfort, Germany; Richard A. 
Benton '58, Claymont, Del., tax man- 
ager for Acme Markets, Inc., Phila- 
delphia; Robert S. Harder '59, Wil- 
liamsport, secretary and assistant op- 
erational officer for Northern Central 
Bank and Trust Co.; and Capt. Jack 
D. Moyer '59, a U. S. Army Chaplain 
who received the Bronze Star while 
serving in Vietnam. 

Also William E. C. Speare, Jr. 
'58, Scranton, curator of natural sci- 
ence at the Everhart Museum; Mer- 
rett R. Stierheim '58, city manager 
of Clearwater, Fla.; and Herbert H. 
Wright '59, Westfield, N. J., an un- 
derwriter for National Life Insurance 

At Andover Newton 

The Rev. Harry C. Snyder '52 has, 
accepted a call to join the adminis- 
trative staff as associate director of 
development of Andover Newton 
Theological School, Newton Centre, 

Recently he made this announce- 
ment to the Henderson Memorial 
Church of Farmington, Maine and 
submitted with regret his resigna- 
tion of the pastorate. Mr. Snyder re- 
turned to the seminary of which he 
is a graduate (1965) on June 14, 
1968. j 

Mr. Snyder received his B.S. de-j 
gree in commerce and finance from 
Bucknell in 1952. His wife, the for- 
mer Fay Adams, received her B.A. 
in 1944' and her M.A. in 1947. They 
have four children, Jim, Beth, Ted 
and Greg. 



New Science Editor 

The new science editor of the 
American Cancer Society is Alan C. 
Davis '51. Alan assumed his new 
duties in January. 

A political science major and 
member of Phi Gamma Delta at 
Bucknell, Alan began his career in 
journalism and public administration 
in 1952 as associate editor of the 
Michigan Municipal Review and 
staff associate of the Michigan Mu- 
nicipal League. From 1955 to 1956 
he was the editor of an experimental 
publication of the Ford Motor Com- 
pany and from 1956 to 1958 he 
served as health sciences editor at the 
University of Michigan. For the next 
five years, from 1962 to 1967, he was 
assistant to the dean, in charge of 
public affairs, at the University of 
Utah Medical Center. Before moving 
to his new position with the Ameri- 
can Cancer Society, he served as chief 
of the Division of Communications 
and Community Resources, Inter- 
mountain Regional Medical Program, 

Alan received a master of public 
administration degree from the Uni- 
versity of Michigan in 1955 and has 
done postgraduate studies at the Uni- 
versity of Utah. He was elected to 
the city council of Ann Arbor, Mich. 
in 1957 and served as a member of 
the Governor's Council on Compre- 
hensive Health Planning for the 
State of Utah. He has also been on 

Alan C. Davis '51 

special missions to Vietnam and 
Southeast Asia for the United States 
Air Force to observe and report on 
aeromedical evacuation activities and 

Alan's father, the late Dr. Frank 
G. Davis '11, was professor of educa- 
tion at Bucknell and served as Alum- 
ni Secretary from 1942 until 1950. 
Two sisters, Carl L. '38 and Margaret 
L. '40, are Bucknellians. He is mar- 
ried to the former Rachel J. Heim 
'51, a grand-daughter of Ephraim M. 
Heim, a distinguished early Buck- 
nell faculty member. The Davis' have 
four sons and reside at Raemont 
Road, West Somers Park, Granite 
Springs, N. Y. 10527. 

Manufacturing Executive 

The industrial engineer in the ap- 
parel industry "will have to be the 
well-rounded man, trained in the 
usual scope of management engineer- 
ing taught in colleges and able to tie 
them together in a closely integrated 
way . . ." 

This is one conclusion of Frederick 
Golden '41, corporate director of man- 
ufacturing for the Warner Brothers 
Company, in an article, "The Indus- 
trial Engineer in Apparel," which ap- 
peared in the January 1968 issue of 
The Bobhin. 

A cum laude graduate of Bucknell 
with a B.S. degree in business admin- 
istration, Frederick received his 
M.B.A. degree from the Harvard 
Graduate School of Business in 1943 
and studied at the Graduate School 
of Engineering at Columbia Univer- 
sity. He served for four years with 
the U. S. Armv in the Southwest 
Pacific Theater during World War 

Frederick assumed his new post 
with Warner Brothers in 1965. From 
1960-1964 he was president of Nap- 
pies, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia, a chil- 
dren's sleepwear firm. Previously, he 
served as executive vice president and 
treasurer of Warren Featherbone, 
Gainesville, Ga., manufacturers of 
infant's wear and plastic rainwear, 
and as corporate head of industrial 
management engineering for United 
Merchants and Manufacturers, a 
major textile producer in New York, 
N. Y. 

He is married to the former Pearl 
Baum and is the father of two daugh- 
ters. The Goldens reside at 14 Punch 
Bowl Drive, Westport, Conn. 

Solution of Pollution 

Theodore W. Lesperance '50 has 
been appointed manager of a new 
industrial water management group 
created by the Dorr-Oliver Corp., 
Stamford, Conn., to serve the process 
industries more efficiently in the so- 
lution of their industrial water and 
v\'aste treatment problems. 

A chemical engineering graduate 
of Bucknell, Theodore is a specialist 
on water resources problems and has 
been prominent in Dorr-Oliver's proc- 
ess and equipment research and de- 
velopment programs in water and 
wastes technology. He served also as 
marketing technical specialist on in- 
dustrial waste treatment and as co- 
ordinator of marketing services to 
industries and municipalities in 
North America. 

From 1964 to 1966, Theodore 
served as associate editor of Water 
and Wastes Engineering and he is 
the author of numerous papers and 
articles in his special field. Since 1966, 
he has been engaged for Dorr-Oliver 
in analyses of the water resources 
fields of the U. S. and Canada. 

Lesperance lives on Bob Hill Road, 
Pound Ridge, N. Y., with his wife, 
Geraldine, and their two daughters. 

Theodore W. Lesperance '50 

JULY 1968 



Hannah Metcalf Jones '26 

A Pastor Retires 

More than a half century ago, the 
Rev. Thomas W. Jones '24 began his 
duties as a minister of the Primitive 
Methodist Church. In April he con- 
cluded his pastoral service u'hich in- 
cluded missionary work in Central 
America, six pastorates in Pennsyl- 
vania and Rhode Island, and 23 years 
as secretary of the Foreign Mission 
Board of the Primitive Methodist 

Retiring with him is his wife, the 
former Hannah M. Metcalf '26. 
They marked their 39th wedding an- 
niversary on June 18, 1968. 

The Rev. and Mrs. Jones devoted 
their service to a mission in Guate- 
mala from 1925 to 1933, arriving in 
that Central American nation during 
a revolution. On their return to Amer- 
ica, the Rev. Jones began duties as 
secretary of the Foreign Mission 

From 1935 to 1962, he served as 
pastor of the Parsons Primitive Meth- 
odist Church, Wilkes-Barre, and 
from 1962 to 1967, the North Trever- 
ton, R. I., church. 

In addition, the Rev. Jones served 
as president of the church's General 
Conference, from 1958 to 1962, and 
as secretary of the Primitive Meth- 
odist School of Theology, which af- 
fords financially deprived young men 
the chance to study for the ministry 
through correspondence courses. 

The Rev. Thomas W. Jones '24 

The Rev. Jones received a bache- 
lor of divinitv degree from Crozer 


Theological Seminarv, Chester and 
an M.A. degree from Hartford Semi- 

Mrs. Hannah Jones, a musician 
who was an outstanding member of 
the Bucknell Glee Club as an under- 
graduate, taught in the public school 
svstem in Nanticoke and served as a 
teacher of Spanish in YMCA adult 
classes. She helped organize the Unit- 
ed Church Women of the Wyoming 
Valley Council of Churches while in 
Wilkes-Barre, serving as its first pres- 
ident. Mrs. Jones also served as su- 
pervisor and teacher of the released- 
time religious class program of 

Two daughters are Bucknellians: 
Mrs. Clarence J. Thomas, the for- 
mer Mary Grace '52, and Mrs. Harry 
Ennis, the former Gwen Elizabeth 

At the age of 78, the Rev. Jones 
leaves pastoral duties to vounger men 
but he observes: "I will not give up 
the pulpit. I plan to continue to 
preach the gospel." 

The Jones family has returned to 
Wilkes-Barre to reside at 29 Mallorv 

Elected to Board 

The new president of the Board 
of Corporators of The Peddie School, 
Hightstown, N. J., is Henry G. P. 
Coates, Esq. '32. Henry was elected 

to the post by the board in October. 

A 1928 graduate of Peddie, Henrv 
received his Ll.B. degree from the 
School of Law of Rutgers Universi- 
ty in 1939. As an undergraduate at 
Bucknell, he starred in basketball and 
track, was captain of the track team, 
and served as business manager of 
The Bucknellian. A Patron of the 
Universitv, he has served on Buck- 
nell's Development Council since 

Earlv in World War II he entered 
military service after serving three 
years as mayor of Allentown, N. J. 
Upon his discharge, he formed a law 
partnership with Judge James S. 

A leader in community affairs, 
Henrv is a past president of the 
Hightstown Chamber of Commerce, 
a former member of the Mercer 
Countv Child Guidance Association, 
and president of the Hightstown 
Lions Club. He also serves as presi- 
dent of the Hightstown Savings and 
Loan Association and as director of 
the First National Bank. 

Mr. and Mrs. Coates, the former 
Josephine Hutchinson, have two sons 
currently enrolled at Peddie: David, 
17, a senior; Leonard, 14, a freshman; 
and a daughter, Joann, 11. 

Tops in P. R. 

A Golden Scroll Award, the high- 
est honor of the Public Relations So- 
ciety of America, has been awarded 
to Mavers and Faiello, Inc., Newark, 
N. J. for its work in connection with 
the campaign to repeal the strike 
benefits law in New Jersey. One half 
of that award winning firm is Sam- 
uel J. Faiello '56. 

Mr. Faiello was an associate of 
Joseph Mayers and Company for five 
years prior to formation of Mayers 
& Faiello, Inc. in January, 1965. He 
is vice president of the Shore Water 
Company, a public utility in South 
Seaside Park, and author of a nation- 
allv-distributed studv of water pollu- 
tion in the United States. As a free- 
lance writer, Mr. Faiello also has 
published short stories and articles 
in national magazines. 

At Bucknell, where he received his 
B.S. degree in English, he was edi- 
tor of the campus magazine, associate 



editor of the college newspaper, pres- 
ident and member of the English and 
journalism honorary societies, respec- 
tively, and was named to "Who's 
Who in American Colleges and Uni- 
versities." Mr. Faiello served in the 
U. S. Armv in England and Ger- 
many where he was in charge of pub- 
lic information and troop information 
for an Enoineers Battalion, and con- 
ducted a weekly lecture series. 

After receiving a master's degree 
in journalism from Columbia Uni- 
versity in 1959, he joined the public 
relations staff of American Telephone 
and Telegraph Company, Long 
Lines Division. Among his duties at 
AT&T, he handled press information 
during such emergencies as the trans- 
adantic cable break by Russian fish- 
ing trawlers, participated in planning 
and development of the opening of 
the second transatlantic telephone 
cable, and oversaw production of 

A member of the Downtown Club, 
he most recently was elected for in- 
clusion in "Who's Who in Public Re- 
lations." He resides with his wife, 
Carmel, and their two children at 6 
Cedar Ave., Madison, N. J. 

With College Board 

Miss Carol Lynn Pope '63 has re- 
cently been appointed assistant di- 
rector of information services for the 
College Board. Prior to joining the 
Board, Miss Pope worked for three 
and a half years, both in Washington 
and Japan, as an information special- 
ist for the oQvernment and for a 
short time as regional coordinator for 
the International Studies Association. 
Carol has studied lanouages at Buck- 
nell and in Austria and Japan. 

As assistant director of information 
services, Carol will work with the 
director in New York and with the 
Board's five regional offices to report 
more accurately and thoroughly the 
increasingly diversified nature of the 
Board's programs and services. 
Among her duties will be keeping 
informed of the Board's new pro- 
grams and plans, attending and cov- 
ering meetings, maintaining and im- 
proving contacts with mass media, 
writing informational releases, and 
working with high school and college 
editors and student organizations. 

JULY 1968 

New Head Coach 

Nick Schloeder '52, M.A. '53 has 
been appointed the new head foot- 
ball coach at Cilman School, Roland 
Park, Md. Nick had been assistant 
football coach since 1958 and head 
basketball coach since 1963, a post 
he will retain. Nick served with a 
classmate, George Young, now with 
the Baltimore Colts, while both were 
at Calvert Hall. A star in football, 
basketball and tennis at Bucknell, 
Nick is still associated with tennis, 
which he teaches in summer months. 
The new head coach is married to a 
classmate, the former Wanda M. Sul- 

KLH Controller 

Stephen A. Jennings '58, formerly 
of Clydebank, Scotland, has been ap- 
pointed controller of KLH Research 
and Development Corp., Cambridge, 
Mass. In his new post, Stephen will 
report directly to the president and 
will be responsible for general and 
cost accounting, data processing and 
systems, credit and finance, adminis- 
tration, traffic and shipping. 

KLH is a wholly-owned subsidiary 
of the Singer Company, and operates 
as an autonomous unit within the 
company's North Atlantic Consumer 
Products Group. The Cambridge firm 
is engaged in the design, production 
and marketing of home entertain- 
ment electronic products, including 
loudspeakers and other high fidelity 

Stephen A. Jennings '58 

components, and complete stereo sys- 

A member of Phi Lambda Theta 
and a major in economics at Buck- 
nell, Stephen is married to a class- 
mate, the former Patricia A. Head, 
who serves as Class of 1958 Reporter. 
In his previous assignment, he served 
as assistant controller for the Singer 
Company's Clydebank, Scotland fac- 
tory. He joined the company in 1965, 
after being associated with the Amer- 
ican Can Company. 

Stephen, Pat and their two daugh- 
ters; Lynn Alice, 8, and Delia Lep 
ley, 6, now reside at Waverly Road, 
Harvard, Mass. 01451. 

The Dollar's Value 

David K. Slifer '60, who now re- 
sides at Floreal, Anfa, Casablanca, 
Morocco, North Africa, recently sent 
a contribution to his fraternity's cam- 
paign for a new house on the Hill — 
Phi Lambda Theta — and included 
some thoughts on the dollar and de- 
valuation which we believe deserve a 
wider audience. 

We must note that Dave is district 
sales representative for Caterpillar 
Tractor Co. and works in Morocco, 
Tunisia, and Algeria. He is married 
to the former Kama L. Sturm and 
has one daughter, Lisa, Wi. 

This is the text of his letter: 

"Here is my first check for The 
House on the Hill Fund. I should 
have said on my pledge, the pledge 
might be conditional on no devalua- 
tion of the dollar. That possibility 
would increase our cost of living 
oyerseas considerably. The dollar be- 
ing de\'alued is a real possibility, since 
foreigners already own $31 billion, 
or more than 2^/2 times the value of 
the gold we have to pay them with. 
You might say our account is over- 

"The situation is not dangerous as 
long as foreigners ha\'e confidence in 
America and our economy. The prob- 
lem is that foreigners are losing faith 
in America's willingness to control 
the economy. All it will take is 
enough people losing faith, and 
starting an economic landside b\ 
changing in their dollars for some- 
thing the\' think has more \'alue. 
I'm afraid that people in the States 


don't realize the seriousness of the sit- 

"My situation overseas, working in 
international trade, gives me a little 
different perspective. Vietnam and 
an overheated U. S. economy have 
only increased the flow of dollars 
overseas. I hope the Vietnam ques- 
tion will soon be settled. In the mean- 
time, it's imperative that the U. S. 
economy be slowed down by the 
Administration's tax increase. Con- 
gress is slow to act because they feel 
the people are against it. People don't 
realize that if Congress doesn't take 
the money in the form of taxes, in- 
creased inflation will get those dollars 
buying power just as effectively, and 
the latter only further undermines 
the dollar. 

"My small sales territory, the three 
Arab countries of Morocco, Algeria, 
and Tunisia, with a population under 
30 million, will buy over $5 million 
in Caterpillar exports from the U. S. 
this year. This is almost 100 percent 
increase over last year. Increasing in- 
flation in the States will make Amer- 
ican equipment more expensive to 
buy and make it easier for our Euro- 
pean competitors to sell their equip- 
ment. I urge all the Brothers to sup- 
port the tax increase measure now 
before Congress. You have nothing to 
lose, but vou have the prosperitv of 
the U. S.' and indeed the WORLD 
to GAIN. 

"Before you start questioning this 
overseas resident's opinion, I should 
point out that Caterpillar deducts 
U. S. equivalent taxes from our sal- 
ary and pay our local taxes for us, 
regardless of the amount. My taxes 
v\'ill go up as soon as the proposed 
bill goes through Congress." 

New Radio Chief 

The new general manager of 
Radio Station WIND, Chicago, 111., 
is John L. Williams '51. John has 
served as program manager of WIND 
since July 1965, transferring there 
from KDKA in Pittsburgh. Both sta- 
tions are affiliates of the Westing- 
house Broadcasting Company, Inc. 

Jack, a native of Mount Carmel, 
has been associated with Group W 
since 1952, serving as publicity direc- 
tor and later, program manager of 
KDKA. Prior to that, he served as 

John L. Williams '51 

assistant program manager of WBZ 
Radio, Boston, Mass. He has won 
many broadcast honors, including a 
Freedom Foundation Award, the 
Ohio State Award and the Sigma 
Delta Chi Award. 

A major in political science and a 
member of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon 
fraternity at Bucknell, Jack received 
his M.S. degree in journalism from 
Columbia University in 1952. He is 
married to the former Marilyn L. 
Hanna '52, and they are parents of 
six children. The Williams family 
resides at 2128 McDaniel Ave., 
Evanston, 111. 60201. 

Phi Beta Kappa 

Thirty-one students, 27 of theni 
seniors, and six alumni have been 
elected to Phi Beta Kappa, national 
scholastic fraternity, at Bucknell Uni- 

The alumni elected include men 
and v\'omen who were not previously 
elected, who graduated more than ten 
years ago, and who, by contributions 
in fields of the humane sciences and 
letters, have since graduation given 
clear evidence of the possession of 
distinguished scholarly capacities. 

These alumni are Dr. George L. 
Abernethy '32, professor of philoso- 
phy at Davidson (N. C.) College; 
Martin Blumenson '39, senior his- 
torian for the U. S. Army; Dr. Wal- 
ter G. Held '43, currently visiting 
professor of government and econom- 
ics at the College of William and 
Mary and a senior staff member of 
the Brookings Institution. 

Also David Kahn '51, author of the 
recently published and highly ac- 
claimed The Codehreakers; Dr. Fran- 
ces W. James '40, a member of the 
faculty at the University of Mis- 
sissippi; and James P. Whyte, Jr. '43, 
Williamsburg, Va., assistant dean of 
the Marshall-Wvthe School of Law 
at William and Mary. 

Members of the Class of 1968 se- 
lected for their "scholarly achieve- 
ment, breadth of cultural interests, 
and character" were Barbara Castas- 
nero, Ellen Walker, Barbara Dang- 
man, Susan Meyers, George Wil- 
liams, Barbara Willumsen, William 
Woods, Roger Cole, and Nancy El- 

Other senior inductees include 
William Emmett, Paul Kindem, Alan 
Malitz, William Robey, Carol Bate- 
man, Barbara Mattich, Marilee Shep- 
ler, Nancy Woernle, Carolyn Buch, 
Bruce Bover, Marcia Glendening, 
John Willis, Diane Denfield, Dor- 
othy Hornberger, Christina Moyer, 
Roger Hamstra, Nancy Pedersen, and 
Richard Pritsky. 

The four juniors selected were 
Ronald Billings, David Ackerman, 
Judith Chubb, and William Lee 

New Marketing Director 

J. Dudley Waldner '46 has been 
appointed marketing director of Edi- 
son Electric Institute, New 
York, N. Y. 

Dudley joined the Pennsylvania 
Power and Light Company on com- 
pletion of his duties with the U. S. 
Navy during World War II. He went 
to the Grand Union Company in 
1953 as manager of public relations 
and assistant to the president. He 
was named as associate editor on the 
staff of the Edison Electric Institute 
in 1956, transferring to the sales di- 
vision in 1957. He was appointed as- 
sistant commercial director in 1962. 

Dudley is a member of the Shelter 
Island Yacht Club, the Bison Club, 
the Bucknell Parents and the board 
of directors of the Culinary Institute 
of America. He is married to a class- 
mate, the former Jean Newsom. Two 
of their five children are now at 
Bucknell, Jay Jr. '69, and Deborah 
'71. The Waldner family resides at 



10 Ferncliffe Terrace, Glen Ridge, 

Personnel Manager 

Richard D. Atherley of O'Hara 
Township, manager of industrial re- 
lations at the Atomic Equipment Di- 
vision (AED) of Westinghouse Elec- 
tric Corp., Cheswick, has been ap- 
pointed to the newly-created position 
of manager of personnel for the com- 
pany's atomic power divisions. 

Richard, who first joined Westing- 
house in 1955, will be responsible for 
personnel policies and basic pro- 
grams for the atomic power divisions 
and will oversee direcdy the divisions' 
industrial relations function at Penn 
Center-Forest Hills. 

Included in the structure of the 
atomic power divisions are the atomic 
equipment division, nuclear, fuel di- 
vision, advanced reactors division and 
pressurized water reactor division. 
There are plants or development lab- 
oratories in Cheswick and Waltz 
Mill, Pa.; Tampa and Pensacola, 
Fla.; and Columbia, S. C. 

Richard was graduated from Buck- 
neil University in 1949 with a B.S. 
degree in business administration. 
Following three years in the Marine 
Corps, he received his M.B.A. degree 
in management and industrial rela- 
tions from the University of Michi- 
gan in 1955. 

He has held industrial relations 
and employee relations positions at 
Westinghouse plants in Bloomfield 
and Trenton, N. J., and Lester, Pa., 
and was with Celanese Corp. briefly 
in an industrial relations capacity. 
He was appointed manager of indus- 
trial relations at Cheswick in 1965. 

At Bucknell, Atherley was a mem- 
ber of Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity 
and Omicron Delta Kappa honorary 

He is chairman of the operating 
committee of the Upper Allegheny 
Valley Chapter of Junior Achieve- 
ment, and is a member of the New 
Kensington Area Chamber of Com- 
merce, Pittsburgh Personnel Associa- 
tion and Allegheny-Kiski Valley Per- 
sonnel Association. 

Richard and his wife, Maroaret, 
and their three children live at 618 
Glengary Drive, O'Hara Twp., Pitts- 

JULY 1968 


Mrs. Herbert L. Spencer 

Mrs. Mildred Pollard Spencer, 73, 
widow of Dr. Herbert L. Spencer, 
former president of Bucknell Univer- 
sity and foundation executive, died 
Friday, April 26 at Geisinger Medi- 
cal Center, Danville, after an extend- 
ed illness. In recent years Mrs. Spen- 
cer made her home at Newfound- 
land, Pa. 

A graduate of Margaret Morrison 
Carnegie College in Pittsburgh and 
a former instructor in chemistry at 
that institution, she was married to 
Herbert Lincoln Spencer at Whitney 
Point, N. Y., in 1916. 

Dr. Spencer served as president of 
the Pennsvlvania College for Wo- 
men, now Chatham College, at Pitts- 
burgh from 1935 to 1945, when he 
became president of Bucknell. From 
1949 until his death in 1960, he was 
executive director of the Samuel H. 
Kress Foundation in New York City. 

During the four years that her hus- 
band served as Bucknell president, 
Mrs. Spencer won the appreciation 
and regard of thousands of Bucknel- 
lians for the gracious way in which 
she performed her duties as the offi- 
cial hostess of the University. For 
those vears, Mrs. Spencer served as 
president of the Campus Club, an 
organization of women faculty mem- 
bers and wives of teachers and ad- 
ministrative officers at Bucknell. In 
this capacity, she directed an exten- 
sive program that made a verv real 
contribution to both the cultural and 
social life of club members. 

Perhaps the best expression of the 
regard in which she was held mav be 
found in this paragraph from the 
resolution adopted bv the Bucknell 
Board of Trustees when Dr. Spencer 
left the presidency in 1949: 

"Mrs. Herbert L. Spencer identi- 
fied herself with the community's 
acti\'ities, becoming a member of 
many of the women's organizations 
of Lewisburg. Her gracious hospitali- 
ty, sincerity, and executive ability 
aided the causes in which she inter- 
ested herself and endeared her to all 
who had the privilege of knowing 
her. The citizens of Lewisburg are 
sorry to see her sever her official re- 
lationship with Bucknell University 

and the position she graced so charm- 

Mrs. Spencer is survived by two 
daughters, Sally '53, wife of David 
L. Hurwitz, Esq. '47, of New York 
City; and Nancy, wife of LeRoy 
Schiller, of Ligonier; and three grand- 

B. Meade Wagenseller '95 

Dr. B. Meade Wagenseller '95, un- 
til his death on May 19, 1968, was 
the oldest living Alumnus of Buck- 
nell University. He was 95 years old. 

A native of Selinsgrove, Dr. Wag- 
enseller graduated in 1891 from the 
Missionary Institute, Selinsgrove, the 
forerunner to Susquehanna Univer- 
sity. He attended Bucknell from 1893 
to 1895, receiving his bachelor of 
arts degree in 1895. The University 
of Pennsylvania awarded him a mas- 
ter of arts degree in 1902 and he re- 
ceived a doctor of pharmacy degree 
from Temple University in 1923. 

Dr. Wagenseller served on the fac- 
ulty of Temple University from 1906 
to 1937. He also taught chemistry at 
Drexel Institute of Technology and 
opened his own chemical laboratory 
in Philadelphia, which he conducted 
for six years. In 1942 he joined the 
staff of the Selinsgrove State Hospital 
as director of the clinical laboratory. 
He remained in that post until 1959. 

Amandus M. Smith '01 

Word has been received of the 
death of Amandus M. Smith '01, at 
his home in Elkhart, Ind. He was 93. 

A native of Kutztown, Pa., Mr. 
Smith was a major in mathematics at 
Bucknell and was a member of the 
varsity baseball and football squads. 
He became head of the mathematics 
department and the first football 
coach at Elkhart High School in 
1902, serving in that capacity until 
1906. His 1904 Elkhart High foot- 
ball team was unbeaten and unscored 

Mr. Smith left the teaching pro- 
fession in 1906 to become city engi- 
neer in Elkhart. He left that post in 
1915 to serve as an engineer for pri- 
vate construction firms in Michigan, 
Ohio and Florida. 


Exploring New Directions 
For Alumni 

Andrew W. Mathieson '50 

Retiring President 

The General Alumni Association 

James E. Pangburn '54 Robert D. Hunter '49 
Vice President President 

Kenneth Bayless 

Esq. '42 
Vice President 

Peggy Deardorff Douglas W. Burt '42 Dorothea Bitner 

Garret '52 Kleppinger, M.D. '44 

The Rev. Paul 
M. Humphreys '28 

Richard D. 
Atherley '49 

Einil Kordish '42 

By Drew Mathieson '50 

If anything characterizes my five years as 
a member of the board of directors, it is the 
search for new directions for The General 
Alumni Association — a search for new and 
deeper involvement of the directors in the 
affairs of the Universitv. What board mem- 
bers agree upon is that Bucknell, like all in- 
stitutions of higher education, is dealing in 
every present moment with the past and fu- 
ture simultaneously, and that our Universi- 
ty's current character and status largely de- 
rives from its graduates of past years. In a 
very real way. Alumni are a top resource of 
the Universit}'. 

This past vear of service as president of 
The General Alumni Association has made 
me even more aware that the small, private, 
controlled enrollment university must depend 
on active assistance from every available 
source. It is hard for me to imasine a good 
university without a strong alumni organiza- 
tion. A much more difficult task is the devel- 
opment of specific wa)'S in which an organiza- 
tion of alumni can be of optimum service to 
its school. Eliminating the rather obvious area 
of financial support, it is far from clear as 
to what the desirable form of alumni assis- 
tance should be. I am convinced, however, 
that an organized effort — not now-and-then 
help — is a necessity. 

The men and women whose photos appear 
on these pages are ser\'ing five-)'ear terms on 
the board of directors of the GAA. Dr. Mel- 
vyn L. Woodward '53 is the new director of 
Alumni relations, succeeding John H. Shott 
'22. Four of this group are newly elected 
members: Mr. Richard D. Atherley '49, Mrs. 
Dorothea Bitner Kleppinger, M.D. '44, Mr. 
Eugene J. Matthews '47, and Mr. Frank W. 
Strickland '46. It is my personal hope that 
\ou will get to know these people better and 
that you will make your suggestions about 
Alumni activities known to them. My suc- 
cessor as president, Robert D. Hunter '49, 
has been direcdy involved for the past four 
vears in a variety of tasks for the GAA, espe- 
ciallv the planning function, and I know the 
oroanization will be strengthened under his 



Bob and I both agree on two important 
facts: (1) that having an effective Alumni 
Association is anything but a one-man job, 
for it takes the combined efforts of a great 
many people; and (2) that we need to stimu- 
late more of you to step forward and express 
the interest and wilHngness to get active in 
the Alumni Association. 

I doubt if the lives of anv Bucknell Alum- 
ni would be much different if the men and 
women who served with me as directors would 
have stayed home on the three or four week- 
ends per year this Alumni Association job 
takes; or if the letters, telephone calls, and 
local meetings that they and local club offi- 
cers generate were to just not happen. Some 
might argue that they would be better off, 
at least their mail would be lighter. However, 
all of us who take on these jobs for The Gen- 
eral Alumni Association believe that we are 
doing something worthwhile — something of 
value to Bucknell, to ourselves, and in varving 
degrees, to the more than 23,000 Alumni who 
are officially members of The General Alum- 
ni Association, therefore, eligible to elect 
the members of the board of directors and 
club officers. 

During this past year we have advanced 
the reorganization of the Association accord- 
ing to the imaginative plans evolved by mv 
predecessor. Dr. Walter G. Held '46. Our 
planning committee under the direction of 
Mr. Kordish is evaluating long range proj- 
ects and setting long range goals; committees 
under the direction of George Jenkins '43 
and Audrey Bishop '45 have developed plans 
for improved relations with the faculty and 
trustees; and a committee under the direction 
of Peggy Deardorff Garrett '52 is re-evaluating 
the Alumni College (which succeeded artis- 
tically and failed financially). 

Jim Pangburn '54 has responsibilitv for the 
committees concerned with operations of the 
Association. The newlv organized Council of 
Club Presidents Committee was chaired by 
Ken Bayless '42; the Parents Committee bv 
the Rev. Paul Humphreys '28; the Alumni 
Fund Committee by Jean Walton Clemmer 
'43 and Doug Burt '42; and the Student Re- 
lations Committee bv Porter Wagner '47. 

Such, in brief, are some of the roles our 
directors play. They do it voluntarily for 
Bucknell and with the knowledge that many 
of their goals remain to be achieved at some 
point in the future. Our efforts this past year 
have been vigorous but certainly not exhaus- 
tive. There is much work still to be done, and 
you can help build the Alumni Association 
into the strong, useful, organization needed to 
assist Bucknell in its future development. 

Dr. Melvyn Woodward 'S3, at right, who began duties 
as director of Alumni Relations on ]uly I, welcomes direc- 
tors Pangburn, Hunter and Mathieson to Reunion 1968. 

George N. Jenkins '43 

Henry B. Puff '44 

H. Keith Eisaman, 
Esq. '42 

Rae Schiiltz Glover '49 

Eugene ]. 

Matthews '47 

jean Walton 
Clemmer '4?> 

F. Porter Wagner, 
Esq. '47 

Frank W. 
Strickland '46 

Raymond E. Shaw '51 

JULY 1968 












Lawn Part^ 


Movie Stars? 

Above: Dr. C. WiUard Smith, second from 
left, surrounded by admiring former students 
who attended his lecture at the "Hour With 
the Facidty." At left, Emeritus Professor ). 
Orin Oliphant chats with former student. He 
journeyed from Oregon to revisit the camp- 
us at Reunion. 



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Nowmber 11, 1918 

By Mrs'. Chester R. Leaser 
(Evelyn McGann '18) 

The Varied 
Worlds of 


Woodroxv M. Strickler '34 

University President 

EDITOR'S NOTE: Inmtgiiml cere- 
monies for University of Louisville 
President Woodrow M. Strickler '34, 
H'56 mil he held on Monday, ISlo- 
vemher 18. 

Dr. Strickler has been acting pres- 
ident of the university since Eehru- 
ary I, 1968, and iras unanimously 
elected to the -presidency hy the trus- 
tees on March 29. 

A member of the University of 
Louisville facidty since 1938, which 
he joined as an instructor in econom- 
ics, he was named vice president of 
the university in J 952 and %ims made 
executive vice president in 1958. 

The following article was written 
hy Mary Phyllis Riedley Boeck, wom- 
en's editor of the Louisville times. 

The title is new but the face and 
the philosophy of Uni\ersity of Louis- 
ville President Woodrow M. Strick- 
ler have been part of the universits' 
scene since 1938. 

The face is kindh', with a totalh' 
engaging; smile that suggests an in- 
trinsic benevolence. Though baldish 
and bespectacled, Woodrow Strick- 
ler at 55 has nc'ver lost vouth's most 
charming qualities — enthusiasm and 
curiositv. He speaks softly and 
thoughtfullv and ... he listens. 

The two decades he served U of 
L as a vice president and executive 
vice president well prepared him for 
the top post on Belknap Campus. 
His unanimous election to the presi- 
dencv of the University March 29 
met with enthusiastic approval of 

"I've been here a long time," he 
mused, "long enough to be sufBcient- 
Iv familiar with the problems of this 
uni\ersitv and its operations. 

". . . and long enough so that noth- 
ing has come up vet to be a real sur- 
prise to me." 

Though he hates to recognize "so 
prosaic a task," adequate financing is 
his greatest immediate concern. 

"Here at U of L and everywhere 
else," he said, "there seems to be no 
easv solution. We must broaden our 
basis of financial support. We can no 

Turn to page 22 

The Bucknell Alumnus 

Vol. LIV, No. 3 

Octoher, 1968 

Published by Bucknell University 
Lewisburg, Pa. 17837 

Editor — William B. Weist '50 

Cover and Illustrations: 
Mrs. Douglas Candland 

Photos— Rj\xpH Laird 

The Varied Worlds of Bucknellians (See Above) 

Masaryk's Democracy 
Dr. W. P. Warren 

November 11, 1918 -.. 



Mrs. Chester Leaber '18 

The Irrelevance of Being Relevant 
Rabbi Edwin Friedman '54 


Louis Robey of Bucknell (Back Cover) 

Arnaud C. Marts H'46 

"T. G. Masaryk undoubtedly has a lot to say to contemporary So- 
cialist people." 

This was the conclusion reached by Jan Prochazka in an article pub- 
lished by Literani Novini, Czechoslovakia's leading literary magazine, in 
September 1967. The date is significant for Mr. Prochazka reportedly was 
a close friend of Antonin Novotny, then president of the nation and reputed 
to be a "hard line" communist. Four months later, Alexander Dubcek and 
his 'liberals' replaced Mr. Novotny, but not before Mr. Novotny had sus- 
pended publication of the magazine. 

Publication of the article, entided "14 IX. 1937," commemorated the 
anniversary of the death of Thomas G. Masaryk, liberator and first president 
of Czechoslovakia (1918-1937), at the age of 87 on September 14, 1937. 
Its appearance had a startling effect, and some months later, the "liberaliza- 
tion" drive in Czechoslovakia led to a re-examination of the mysterious 
circumstances in the death of his son, Jan Masaryk (1886-1948), Czech 
foreign minister at the time of the communist coup of February 26, 1948. 
Jan's "suicide" remains an event of continuing political significance. 

But the life, work and outlook of Thomas Garrigue Masaryk has 
attained even more significance as Czech nationalism wrestles with Soviet 
Russia's version of international communism. Mr. Prochazka in his 1967 
article called the founder of the Czech state "a passionate politician who 


Thomas G. Masaryk 



"When 1 left Paris for Prague 
... it was the day of the Mu- 
nich Conference," George Ken- 
nan reports in FROM PRAGUE 
could see Daladier's special plane 
warming up on the apron as we 
left . . . The following day I 
stood on the Vaclavshi Namsti 
and watched people weep as the 
news of the disaster at Munich 
came in over the radio loudspeak- 
ers. Six months later 1 witnessed 
the entry of the Germans." 

In the foreground of photo 
above, from left to right, are the 
leaders who neootiated the Mu- 
nich Pact: Neville Chamberlain, 
£dotiard Daladier, Adolph Hit- 
ler, and Benito Mussolini. One 
year later, in September 1939, 
Gerinan armies invaded Poland 
and World War II began. {Pho- 
tos on pages 1, 2 and 3 by Com- 

proclaimed honorable principles, and, what is more, acted upon them." 
And he added: "He earned recognition, even from enemies, and that for 
something we no longer know, because he honored and tolerated opinions 
he himself disagreed with." Then, in what apparently was a criticism of 
the Soviet influence in Czechoslovakia from the time of the 1948 coup, 
Mr. Prochazka observed: "Our revolution has grown up and it is not only 
a Socialist revolution, but also a Czech and a Slovak one, and what is more, 
European." (Mr. Prochazka is now one of Pravda's favorite targets for harsh 

Even as the Soviet version of Machtpolitik seeks to impose its "solu- 
tion" on the Czech people, nationalistic ideals have not been smothered. 
It took 300 years to liberate Bohemia and Slovakia after the Hapsburg 
takeover in 1620. And Czechoslovakia is only being liberated today within 
a framework acceptable to Russia, so liberalization is evidently not intrinsic 
to ideological communism— as some would have us believe. 

what are the factors that have made this liberalization process possi- 
ble? While proximity to a staunchly democratic West must not be over- 
looked, a key, positive factor was indicated by the re-recognition of Thomas 
G. Masaryk, whose memory was first condemned and then ignored in the 
first 19 years of communist rule. This ban included non-publication of 
photographs of the nation's founder, and when this ban was hfted by the 
Dubcek regime, young and old citizens eagerly purchased Masaryk's photo. 
In addition, there gradually emerged in the public mind an identification 


of Alexander Dubcek and Masaryk— a process that may have severe ramifi- 
cations for Dubcek after his enforced negotiations in the Kremhn. 

Professor, philosopher and statesman, Thomas G. Masaryk was deeply 
influenced by English culture and greatly admired American democracy. 
He married Miss Charlotte Garrigue, an American, in 1878, adopting her 
name as part of his own. He had some thought of remaining in America 
following his marriage, but returned to Vienna to begin his academic career. 
He visited America in 1902 to lecture at the University of Chicago's 
Slavonic Foundation, and he made a triumphal tour of the United States 
in 1918 while he advocated the Czech cause for freedom and independence. 

Some perspective on Masaryk's involvement, intellectually and politi- 
cally, in the life of his times can be seen in the fact that he spent thirty-two 
years as a teacher of philosophy and authored eighty-four books and bro- 
chures and about one thousand articles. In addition, he was editor of several 
journals and a member of the Austrian Parliament from 1891-1893 and 
from 1907-1914. This preceded his arduous journeys abroad at the age of 
sixty-four to lead the Czechoslovakian program for independence and his 
labors to found and direct the new democratic state. 

The details of the life-work of this founder-president of Czechoslovakia 
are recorded in Masaryk's own The Making of a State (1927), in Karel 
Capek's Masaryk on Thought and Life (1938), in C. J. C. Street's Presi- 
dent Masaryk (1930) and in Edward Poison Newman's recent biography, 
Masaryk (1960). But one of the best critical assessments of Masaryk's 
philosophical and sociological views, Masaryk's Deviocracy, was published 
in 1941 by Dr. W. Preston Warren, professor and chairman, department 
of philosophy, Bucknell University. The University of North Carolina 
Press has granted permission to reprint here chapter two, "Democracy: Its 
Philosophy and Practice," of Dr. Warren's work. 

Masaryk's philosophic thought— especially his life-long search for a 
valid normative social philosophy— formed the basis for Dr. Warren's first 
suggested outline of the University Course, planned in 1947 and first 
offered at Bucknell in 1948. The ouiding ideas for such an "integrative" 
approach to education were enunciated by the Czech philosopher in Con- 
crete Logic, first published in 1888. 

Since Masaryk's deep commitment was to "democracy as the political 
form of the humane ideal," two of his major works are significant for an 
understanding of today's political struggles. His two-volume Spirit of Russia, 
published in 1913 and used by the Allies in World War I to understand 
and assess the role Russia would play, and his Foundations of Marxism 
(1898), a solid social and philosophical study, analyzed two elements which 
Masaryk saw as keys to the future. And it is essential to note that he pro- 
jected Czech democracy in ju.xtaposition to both Russia and Communism— 
not JUST Russian Communism. 

What is the import of Masaryk's thought not merely for the liberaliza- 
tion of Czech communism, but to the work of Masaryk himself? [We must, 
parenthetically, view this question against a background of Czech cultural 
history from Charles IV, John Hus and the Czech Brethren, to Havlicek 
(1821-1856) and Palacky (1798-1876).] What is the import for the 
"democratic West" of Masaryk's conception of democracy? It seems appro- 
priate indeed to "re-VIEW" Masaryk and to reprint here one of our own 
faculty's statement of these conceptions. 



]an Masaryk w a s serving as 
Czech foreign minister in a "re- 
stored" free nation at the time of 
the Communist coup in Febru- 
ary 1948. He allegedly commit- 
ted "suicide" hy leaping from 
the third-story window of his 
apartment in Prague. One of the 
ironies ini'olved is that his fa- 
ther's first major scholarly \vork 
was an investigation of suicide 
as a mass phenomenon of civili- 
zation (1881), a phenomenon 
which Thomas Masaryk de- 
scribed as tied to the loss of 
"inner" religious belief. Tolstoy 
praised this hook. 


" . . . To proclaim and to practice the equality 
of all citizens, to recognize that all are free, to 
uphold inwardly and outwardly the humane 
principle of fraternity is as much a moral as a 
political innovation . . . " 

Thomas Garrigue Masaryk 


Philosophy and Practice 

By Dr. W. Preston Warren 
Professor and Chairman, Department of Philosophy 

T. G. MASARYK ranks uniquely as a statesman of 
democracy, and thereby is the most effective of the 
Czech "Awakeners."'^ Not merely is he to be credited 
with building up almost over night a distinctive demo- 
cratic state in absolutist central Europe, but with a 
comprehension of the functional nature of a democratic 
system which stands out among the political philosophies 
of history. Assuredly neither Rousseau nor Kant had so 
clear an understanding of the modus oferandi of democ- 
racy, whereas modern states like America and France had 
thought of it too simply. Democracy could not sustain 
itself as sheer experimentalism or yet as laissez-faire. 

Masaryk's was no simple-minded view. Democracy 
was the most difficult of systems. While mankind sen- 
erally and democratic politicians in particular miscon- 
ceived democracy as a simple function of majority opin- 
ions, Masaryk discovered it to be a function of morality 
and science, and more profoundly of a whole philosophy 
of cultural history. "I come to this conclusion," Masaryk 
said in 1912, "that to be a conscientious democrat means 
to think philosophically, next to take in the teaching of 
history, to understand evolution — the philosophy of his- 
tory. The problem is: how can the determinism of 
[groups in] historical process be harmonized with the 
freedom of the individual. ^ History itself indeed points 
to self-determination of peoples as the essential direction 
of progress. The concepts of "individuality" and "nation- 
ality" are both resultants of this trend.-'' National democ- 
racy is the essential objective of government. Other 
systems violate human individuality and destroy their 

own foundations. The world has every right, in con- 
sequence, to look to every nation to move toward demo- 
cratic government, and no pretense of unsuitability or 
lack of general interest can void their obligations to 
themselves and others to achieve the functions and the 
values of democracy. Yet a sense not just of individuality 
but of human mutuality is a prerequisite to surmounting 
anarchy and incompetence within democratic government. 
And while such sense of mutuality is being brought to 
bear right now upon our "individualisms" and "collec- 
tivisms," democracy must be more and more deliberately 
directed toward the common, intertwined interests of all. 
The prime question of democracy, in truth, as J. L. 
Stocks has later phrased it,* is that of the relationship of 
governing and governed. Democracy was well defined by 
Lincoln as government of the people, by the people, for 
the people. Yet Masarvk early pointed out that democracy 
cannot be in any modern state direct government by the 

This is a slightly revised version of chapter two of Dr. War- 
ren's Masaryk's Democracy, fuhlished in 1941 hy the University 
of North Carolina Press and reprinted hy permission. Where pub- 
lisher and name do not appear in footnotes, these are given in the 
hook's bibliography. 

1. Palacky (1798-1896), historian, political analyst and ad- 
vocate, and Havlicek (1821-1856), a journalist, were Masaryk's 
chief antecedents. See Czech Awakeners (pps. 82-84) in Mas- 
aryk's Democracy. 

2. Les Problemes de la Democratie, p. 47. 

3. The New Europe, Part II; cf. Ideals of Humanity, Chap. I. 

4. Hibbert Journal, ]u[y, \936. 

5. Les Problemes de la Democratie, p. 52. 


people.^ These must have a voice, sooner or later, in all 
matters of common concern, but how they may make 
themselves heard and how fruitful the hearing is a 
critical, functional problem. The way in which democ- 
racy functions, and continues to function in character, 
is the key to this issue. 

THERE are, in fact, three quite different possibilities 
in relationships of governments to people — not mere- 
ly two.® There is that relation, first of all, in which 
people must obey the government with no hope of re- 
dress. This is absolutism, dictatorship, oligarchy, or some 
form of theocracy.^ It is arbitrary and despotic, and, no 
matter how enlightened, it is repressive and inhuman. A 
second possibility is that in which the government shall 
and must obey the people. This in practice and discrim- 
inating functional theory is demagogy rather than democ- 
racy. Demagogy limits its science to the psychology of 
how to influence people. The motives of this influence, 
or goals of human government, are not carefully con- 
sidered. Influence and control just for the sake of influ- 
ence and control are the motif of demagogy; and this is 
much more clearly a dictatorship of the proletariat than 
the Russian system involves. Demagogy is the constant 
liability of a democracy, since it is a constant upshoot of 
parliamentarianism with its ready rendezvous for dema- 
gogues;^ and parliamentarianism is the framework of any 
modern democratic government. "Democracy," Masaryk 
has commonly been quoted, "is discussion." Yet just as 
frequently he has insisted that it is not just discussion 
but "administration" of the affairs of all in the best in- 
terests of all.^ 

This involves a third mode of relationship; that of 
interaction between governing and governed, which 
allows for guidance from both sides with a constant re- 
vealing of interests and values. By this, the greatest good 
of the very greatest number may be actualized, and men 
can be, in a most significant degree, self-governing. This 
is actual, self-sustaining, constructive democracv."^" 

Democracy, in point of fact, is leadership as well as 
discussion. The issue of democracy is, in truth, the age- 
old issue stated by Plato twenty-three centuries ago, as 
the main problem of government.' ^ There is, indeed, a 
considerable parallel between Masarvk's democratic ideas 
and those of the reputedly undemocratic Plato. Democracy 
undertakes, and must undertake, an interweaving of 
interests; so must all politics, after some fashion. But 
democracy commits itself to that interweaving of interests 
in which the maximum consideration is given to the 
otherwise forgotten person. Its foremost goal is "true 
equality — alike in the inward and the outward sphere — 
which extends to every citizen and to every nation."'^ 
Democracy is the polidcal expression of the morally 
humane ideal. It is the funcdon of democratic polidcs, in 
principle at least, "to elucidate and realize ethical prin- 
ciples on behalf of and in the social whole." Democracy, 
however, is an effort not just at jusdce — though that 
itself is "the arithmedc of love" — but at the conjoint 
advancing of interests. It cannot be stadc or yet indifferent 

to the common good of all people. It is, fundamentally, a 
releasing and empowering of men, and consequent "or- 
ganization of progress in all branches of human activi- 
ty."'-' "Democracy consists in the unloosening of energy," 
and is in consequence a "ceaseless search for union of all 
the vital forces in the nation."''* "Democracy perforce 
desires to create the new; theocratic aristocracy wishes to 
preserve the old."'® Democracy, therefore, requires the 
very highest grade of leadership. 

DEMOCRACY, by its very nature, is the most diffi- 
cult of systems. It undertakes to give maximum 
freedom to men, give them an ultimate voice in 
all matters of mutual concern, and yet to sustain and 
facilitate their muldple interests. Other systems may 
effect their aims by simplified procedures. Democracy 
deals in practical dilemmas, in dealing both in individual 
freedom and in group-determination. Democracy thus 
can only gain its goals by interacrions on the level of 
enlightened understanding. This means leadership, criti- 
cal thinking, science, and philosophy. It means training 
both of leaders and masses, the elevation of men to higher 
levels of thinking and action. Yet democracy must some- 
how start to function on the levels of demagogy and unin- 
formed opinion. 

This is where Masaryk parted from Plato. He believed 
in equality to a much greater degree than Plato: not in 
absolute equality surely, but in the most tolerable degree 
of inequalities. His social ethics and politics demanded 
achievement of the maximum effective equality, and, 
above all, of the recognition of the Kantian principle that 
no man should treat another person solely or even largely 
as a means but always mainly as an end. The social possi- 
bilities of men are not by any means to be gainsaid. Yet 
the actualizing of these possibilities, as Plato held, is a 
function of full education, dependent on a type of hier- 
archy rather than simple across-the-board equality. In- 
equality, in fact, is the very nature of individualism. 

6. This distinction is most cleariv drawn by J. L. Stocks in 
the Hihhert journal cited above. Masaryk was so intent upon the 
utter contrast of democracy and political absolutism that he did 
not make the three-fold grouping so directly. His common refer- 
ences to demagogy, however — as shown below — disclose that this 
three-fold distinction was implicit in his thought, yet that dema- 
gogy was bound up closely with "theocracy" in principle and was 
not really an independent, third type of political relation. 

7. The Spirit of Russia, Vol. II, Chap. 24; The Making of 
a State, pp. 449-454. 

8. Cf. especially Kamil Krofta, "Masaryk's Political Democ- 
racy," pp. 11, 12, 14-15; Les ProMemes de la Democriftrie, p. 61. 

9. The Spirit of Russia, II, 507; The New Europe, p. 68. 

10. The Making of a State, pp. 436 ff; cf. also Speech on 
Tenth Anniversary. 

11. Plato, The Statesman. 

12. The New Etirope (periodical), Dec. 21, 1916, p. 305. 

13. The New Europe, p. 68. 

14. The Spirit of Russia, II, 515; Krofta, "Masaryk's PoHtical 
Democracy," p. 17. 

15. The Spirit of Russia, II, 515. 

16. Ca-pek, President Masaryk Tells His Story, -pp. 180-181. 


Hierarchy rneans organization, discipline, and order. ^'^ 
These are essentials of anv forthright attempts at democ- 
racy. There "can be no go\'ernment without obedience 
and discipline."-^''' 

Masarvk, thus found a condition of democracy in the 
Republic of Plato, emphasizing that democratic govern- 
ment is a function especially of leading minds and more 
notably still of science and philosophy. "By its very 
nature," Masaryk maintained, "democracy counterposes 
science and philosophy to theology and scholasticism." 
Aristocracy and theocracy have no science, but "esoteric- 
ism, mysteries, and prophecies." Demagogy, also, has 
recourse to myths and phantasies, the preconceptions and 
imaginings of the uninformed. Democracy, by contrast, 
is the social philosophy of science. "Knowledge, critical 
knowledge, is democracy . . . The practical import of the 
Kantian criticism is found above all in this, that criticism 
cuts at the root of mythological aristocracy . . . Criticism, 
therefore, is a determinant, not of knowledge alone, but 
also of democratic equality and liberty. Without criticism 
and without publicity, there can be neither knowledge 
nor democrac\." Modern science, aided and abetted by 
philosophical criticism, is the first principle of democratic 
thinking. It takes account of facts, wherever thev are 
found, by constant "energetic observation," and "aims 
at uni\'ersal agreement (of classes, people, humanity)." 
Yet this agreement is to be determined "solely by logical 
and educational methods," and not in principle, by any 
type of preconception. Science, therefore, in the sense of 
true and full science, is the very senius of democracy, 
since it affords to individualities the final voice in any 


DEMOCRACY works by scientific method, and its 
tactics are therefore inductive, realistic, and empiri- 
cal; theocratic aristocracy is deductive, unrealist, 
fanciful, and scholastic."^'-' Democracy is a rule of men in 
the light of the best knowledge available, in contrast to 
dictatorship and to absolute authority. "The most scientific 
policy depends upon experience and induction. It can 
claim no infallibility."-" "Logic, mathematics, and some 
moral maxims may be absolute, that is to say, not relative 
as they would be if all countries, parties and individuals 
had a special morality, mathematics and logic of their 
own; but there is a difference between the (ultimate) 
epistemological absolutism of a sound theory, and practi- 
cal, political absolutism"-^ which denies to individuals 
their rightful individualities. The principle of individuali- 
ty, in fact, on which democracy rests its theory and its 
practice, is a principle both of ethics and of fundamental 
science. Nowhere but in "concrete logic," with its factu- 
ality and order, could there be that justice to all individu- 
als which democracy intends, and nowhere is there such 
occasion for each individual to be, in the whole complex 
order of nature, most totally himself. Other systems may 
gain order by imposition and suppression. Democracy at- 
tains its order by the arduous methods of honesdy or- 
ganized scientific effort. This indeed is the most difficult 
of procedures. It can take no short cuts. It must take 

cognizance of all the facts and individuals to be consid- 
ered, and find their most natural posts and functions in 
the entire cultural system. 

Yet science too depends on scientists, and they in 
turn are governed by philosophies of science (and of 
nature). These may be partial or substantially complete, 
humane or variously inhuman. Modern philosophy has 
tended toward "humanity" and a moral philosophy of 
culture. It has aimed at adequacies in life: "at the founda- 
tion of a new morality, at the elaboration of the new 
democratic political and administrative system, at demo- 
cratic anthropocracy."-- The spirit of modern philosophy 
may be summarized, in fact, in "three antitheses. Philoso- 
phy is absolutely opposed to theolog)', anthropism to 
theism; but this must not be taken to imply that theism 
is utterly false, or that anthropism is atheistic, for all that 
is meant is that the anthropistic outlook and point of 
departure has come into its own in modern philosophy. 
At the same time, in the political sphere, democracy is 
counterposed to theocracy, to theocratic aristocracy, this 
signifying that democracy, likewise, possesses theoretic 
and philosophical importance. In ultimate analysis, mod- 
ern philosophy has ceased to be the queen of the sciences. 
It does not occupy a higher plane than the special sci- 
ences, but ranks beside them." The relationships of 
science and philosophy are those of reciprocal dependence. 
"Antitheological philosophy is based upon the sciences, 
and its relationship to these scientific foundations is not 
aristocratic but democratic." It is "a relationship of equali- 
ty and equivalence."-'' Science, in turn, as I amplify in 
Chapter V, is indebted to philosophy for its fundamental 
criticism, without which science could not even justify 
itself; and philosophic criticism notably is the archservant 
of democracy.-'* Philosophy of science, therefore, is not 
indifferent to democracy but is its actual counterpart in 
theoretic culture. 

DEMOCRACY, in point of fact, is more than a 
social point of view or system. It is a whole philoso- 
phy: "a complete outlook on the world and life." 
It is "a special way of regarding the universe and life,"^^ 
presupposing a metaphysic of socio-moral constructivity, 
based on an ethic of humanity and a philosophy of sci- 
ence. Democracy is a fight for a humanly free and unfold- 
ing world-order with no dictatorial and repressive preroga- 
tives for any. Democracy, most obviously, is philosophic 
in its solution to the problem of authority. While aristoc- 

17. "Masaryk's Philosophy of Life," Slavonic Review, March, 

18. The Spirit of Russia. II, 510, 512. 

19. lhid.,-p. 515. 

20. The Making of a State, p. 467. 

21. Ihid. 

22. The Spirit of Russia, II, 51 1. 

23. Ihid., I, 213; II, 510. 

24. lhid.,U, 468 ff, 512. 

25. Krofta, "Masaryk's Political Democracy," p. 2; The Spirit 
of Russia, II, 514; The Making of a State, p. 458, etc. u( 


racv insists on special insights or on revelation and claims 
secret empowerment from on high, democracy finds its 
authorization in objective evidence and standards. "De- 
mocracy likewise appeals to authority, appeals to the 
people, to humanity, to the masses, to civilization, prog- 
ress, historical development, and so on. But these objective 
authorities must themselves be furnished with founda- 
tions,"-^ and this is an achievement of scientifically 
critical thinking which may validate itself to all normal 
minds. Democratic authority is not private but public and 

This is then to say two things: (1) that democracy 
is not a simple but a complex system, and more sophisti- 
cated far than it seems in principle; it is an informed 
s\'stem — for nothing else can function as democracy — 
"democracy without thought is an impossibility";-'' (2) 
that it is itself a philosophic outlook, and that philosophic 
outlook which keeps closest to the facts, i. e., to all the 
facts to be criticallv considered. It is the social phase, in 
fact, of a philosophically critical and constructive 
realism. Masaryk, indeed, "held 'realism,' as he conceived 
it, to be the true aim of politics no less than of thought 
and of life,"-* and, quoting Wickham Steed, Masaryk 
"taught that, unlike the German notion of 'Realpolitik,' 
realism in politics consists not of a cynical disregard of 
principles but of a scrupulous reckoning with facts, moral 
and material; that honestv is not onlv the best policy but 
the only safe guide, in public as in private life; and that 
character, not astuteness or trickery, is the first requisite 
in a statesman."-^ Realism ought, in fact, to represent 
the disposition to face fairly and deal with full realities, 
and to have a sound and adequate conception of the 
world and life. In its social form, realism is a recognition 
of human interrelations. In its broader sense, it is the 
recognition of the insistent character of the nature of 
things among which man must live. Democracy does not 
deny to man the right to fulfill the world order, but 
rather undertakes to facilitate this cosmic prerogative 
and moral necessity.^" It is the business of democracy 
not to evade but to treat of reality.'^^ 

SMALL wonder that Masaryk told his people that 
"democracy is truly a great task, a great problem" 
and that problems are solved "by people who think 
and possess knowledge" — not by those who are "merely 
elected."^- Masaryk differed from Plato in the "mutual 
concession of liberty and its constitutional observance" 
which Masaryk insisted is as fundamental to democracy 
as its "parliamentary and electoral technique."'''^ Democ- 
racy combines, in fact, he pointed out (in his message to 
both chambers of the Czechoslovak Parliament, March 
7, 1930), "the loyal recognition of civil personalities and 
the insurance of their cooperation. "■'"' This combination 
of the recognition of freedom with the necessity of wise 
and effective control presents, indeed, the basic paradox 
of democracy and makes democracy constantly a trustee- 
ship of informed and competent leaders. "There is noth- 
ing which cannot be abused" either by leaders or their 
peoples. "Everything depends on whether people are 

decent and educated."^'' Yet this but makes the fiduciary 
phase of democracy that much more essential or func- 
tionally inherent. " 'A truly democratic leader, cultured 
and criticallv minded,' " Kamil Krofta renders Masaryk, 
"will strive to comprehend the spiritual mutuality through 
which he has himself developed, and how much he has 
gained from his predecessors and his contemporaries; he 
will not forget the parallelism of views issuing from the 
same experience and from an observation of the same 
conditions, the same things and the same people. He will 
understand how these views of individuals coalesce, and 
how arises the so-called public opinion, the spirit of the 
age, the soul of the masses, or whatever one likes to call 
it; a truly democratic leader who is scientifically minded 
must think and work with the masses for the masses, 
but he must do so consciously for morally political rea- 
sons and v\'ill not for one moment be other than certain 
that all social life in its historical development is the 
life of distinct indi\iduals, more or less qualified indi- 
viduals responsible for their own conduct.""'^ Individuals 
are the basic resources of nations and ultimate determiners 
of governments. Yet these very persons, important and 
resourceful as they are, need guidance in assumption of 
their responsibilities and, above all, in clarifying the issues 
of government (and life) within a democratic state. 

This then is both the practical and theoretic paradox 
of democracy: the paradox of self-determination via en- 
lightened and responsible leaders who are spokesmen of 
freedom governed by constraints of an honest, mutualist 
culture. Yet this is but its major paradox. Democracy is 
fraught through with paradoxes and dilemmas which 
while not so comprehensive are no less difficult and in- 
sistent. We shall consider three of these to which Masaryk 
gave particular consideration: the dilemma of militarism 
in a democracy, the dilemma 'of industrialism in an in- 
dividualistic culture, and the dilemma of demagogy com- 
bined with bureaucracy. 

THE issue of militarism is the most acute problem 
with which democracy has to contend. Democracy is 
implicitly non-militaristic since it is mutualistic in 
outlook and methods. Yet democracy has somehow to 
"protect itself against absolutism"'*'' both from within and 

26. The Spirit of Russia, II, 516. 

27. Krofta, "Masaryk's Political Democracy," p. 20. 

28. Steed, 'Thomas Garrigue Masaryk," Slavonic Review 
(March, 1930), p. 471. 

29. Ihid. 

30. Benes, "The Political Activity and Philosophy of T. G. 
Masaryk," p. 15. 

31. Les Problemes de la Democratie, p. 48. 

32. Speech on Tenth Anniversary, p. 16. 

33. "Masaryk's Philosophy of Life," Slavonic Review, March, 

34. Ihid. 

35. Krofta, op. cit., p. 27; cf. Capek, President Masaryk Tells 
His Story, p. 204. 

36. "Masaryk's Political Philosophy," p. 12; cf. Les Prohlemes 
de la Democratie, pp. 103-104. 

37. Speech on Tenth Anniversary , p. 19. 


outside its constituted bounds. It cannot permit the 
violation of its human prerogatives without the sacrifice 
of its own principle and interests. The issue is an issue 
of preserving moral principles and values achieved 
through long-run historv and so readilv lost that no effort 
can be rationally spared to maintain these humanly essen- 
tial gains. Not by any means is the question of military 
defense one just of the self-interests of a people at the 
moment. Nations must look to their future. The good of 
the majority includes those of the future. Democracy 
indeed is a dynamic, evolutionary motif for human rela- 
tions. Its future depends on its present. Nations of men 
in this present are makers of lives for the future, and any 
humane achievement is not morally to be let drop at 
each threat of force. 

Defense bv force if necessary! This is a prerequisite 
for maintaining democracy. Neither passivist not yet 
pacifist surrender is realistic. Both are sentimentalisms, 
and sentimentalism is moral weakness: abandoning men 
to inhumanity and evil. Active, realistic, moral construc- 
tivity in outlook and effort deals in facts and situations of 
the moment; and not only does it anticipate but it pre- 
pares the future. This is the method of social advance. 
Democracy particularly cannot afford to be weak or to 
permit the taking away of its rights to self-government 
and freedom. A democratic nation must defend itself 
against enemies if or when these cannot be reasoned with 
or aligned in mutualist endeavor.'* Democracy must 
achieve both a moral and material readiness in its own 
defense, though its primary method must be that of con- 
ference and of frank discussion.^" 

MASARYK has been accused of a failure to appre- 
ciate the extreme pacifist position.^" The answer 
is that pacifism has failed to take account of ac- 
tualities, assuming that the defender of a cause is the 
real aggressor and that there is no deliberate, misguided, 
and even diabolical evil, such as took advantage of the 
pacifist interest and spirit in the late thirties, to abolish 
law abiding human decency with an utter lack of con- 
sideration for wider human value. In their unrealism, the 
pacifists provided the opportunities for Hider's Fifth 
Columns, outrages and aggressions . . . 

As a reactionary movement, pacifism might serve a 
purpose, at times, in crystallizing sentiment and in secur- 
ing appeasements between governments. But essentially, 
extreme pacifism is blind and weakkneed in methods, 
and involves the abandonment of moral good through 
non-resistance to evil. Pacifists, indeed, would scarcely 
advocate the turning over of society to gangsters. Yet that 
there are gangster governments and gangster policies in 
nations was unmistakably apparent throughout Masaryk's 
lifetime and since. In point of fact, the same methods (of 
firmness and what Roy Sellars found the British re- 
ferring to as "genriing") which are needed for dealing 
with a nation's arch-criminals must be at hand for the 
arch-crime of international lawlessness and aggression. 
There is no basic difference between group crime inside 
a nation and crime which is prepared by governments out- 

side. The same necessity for protection and discipline 
exists, entailing, however a much greater effort and pro- 

Masaryk spent days discussing this issue with Tolstoy 
in 1887 and in subsequent visits to Russia. "I held," he 
said, "that we must resist evil always and in everything, 
and maintained against him (Tolstoy) that the true 
humanitarian aim is to be ever on the alert, to overcome 
the old ideals of violence and heroic deeds and martyrdom, 
and to work with loving kindness and wholeheartedly 
even in small things — to work and to live. In extreme 
cases, violence and assault must be met with steel and 
beaten off so as to defend others against violence."''^ The 
idea of capitulating to force or aggression was for Masaryk 
undemocratic and unchristian. 

SHOULD Czechoslovakia have had an army and have 
been as much prepared for self-defense as was rea- 
sonably possible? To Masaryk this was obvious. The 
age-old danger of aggression had been accentuated by 
pan-Germanism of which Hitlerism became the over- 
ripened fruit. The freedom of the Czechs and Slovaks, 
regained after three hundred and a thousand vears re- 
spectively of oppressive servitude, could be lost over 
night — as in fact it was through British unpreparedness 
and pacifist efforts at appeasement. Negotiating strength 
lay in Czech preparedness for defense, if only this had 
been given oppotrunity to function. Czech soldiers served 
their purpose in the early days of peace, and they served 
a purpose later in making breach of peace more difficult. 
Not that they alone by any means could have kept the 
independence of their country, but they were a formidable 
factor for restraining and holding off enemies until or 
while other factors and forces joined in defense. That 
political intrigue and pressure broke down all plans for 
defense is not to be charged against Czechoslovakia or 
against Masaryk's philosophy, but against the lack of 
realism which engulfed the post-war world. The loss of 
Czech national culture and defenses soon proved, as an- 
ticipated a clear boomerang to human interests and values. 
War, Masaryk maintained, is not the worst evil that 
can befall mankind, though it brings manv other evils in 
its train.''- The worst evil is that men should lose their 
sense of the moral principle of human individuality and 
be unready to stand up for the inviolability of persons 
and peoples. The principle of individuality, in fact, is 
the foremost principle of peace. Peace is not at all a 
separate end or value. Peace is but a state of constant 
interaction which is substantially wholesome and right. 
The loss of life by suicide and murder is greater actually 
in proportion in the times of "peace" than in times of 

38. The Making of a State, pp. 59 ff, 457. 

39. Krofta, "Masaryk's Political Democracy," pp. 19-20. 

40. The Manchester Guardian, July 24, 1936, review of Lud- 
wig's Defender of Democracy. 

41. The Making of a State, p. 59; cf. Capek, President Mas- 
aryk Tells His Story, p. 166. 

42. The Making of a State, p. 61. 



war. War, in consequence, is only relatively a greater 
evil. Peace should be the function of the moral, cultural 
maximizing of humanity, affording positive expression 
to the social conception of justice. When peace is not 
established on this basis the world already is essentially 
at war. The major difference lies in the methods of war. 
Should those methods actually consist in sacrificing lives 
of people without permitting them any defense, the war 
has features which are assuredly as bad as in overt fight- 
ing. Defense of actual peace, with mutual rights to cul- 
ture as to political self-determination, is a moral obligation 
of any nation — though war itself does not create peace but 
suffering. There is a great difference between defensive 
and aggressive fighting, ultra-pacifists to the contrary; 
and the motives of these two can be readily distin- 
quished.*^ The most that self-defense can do, indeed, 
is first of all to show the nation's will to live at almost 
any cost, and secondly to uphold its own integrity and 
right to manage its particular affairs. These are moral 
values, which can more readily be conserved than they 
can be regained, involving individualities of people. 

IT is from this realistic viewpoint, against the back- 
ground of Masaryk's whole moral and social philoso- 
phy, that we must understand his insistence on the 
democratic necessity of self-defense and his strong ad- 
vocacy of collective security as an essential of peace. 
Attempts to violate the individualities of nations are at- 
tempts to violate the personalities of the people who com- 
prise them. Such attacks on human individuality as a 
first principle of moral life must be met by active resis- 
tance. But in so far as nations which are essentially moral 
in motives can organize to maintain order and advance 
human interests, the problem of defense can become 
simpler and more hopeful. 

It can, assuredly, be reasoned that democracy has no 
hope of vying with outright militarism in its own defense 
and that once it undertakes to offer competition it has 
sold out to militarism and aggression. Yet this is not a 
crucial issue. The history of the post-war democratic 
world is not that of any such direct selling-out of mili- 
tarism but rather to imrealism and sentimentality. Wheth- 
er militarism becomes a permanent state in any demo- 
cratic country is a matter not of the acceptance of a 
strong militarist program to meet some emergency but 
of the actual democratic spirit of the people themselves. 
They need not subscribe to militarism after the interna- 
tional crisis is past; and, in fact, in both Britain and 
America they reacted so strongly in the other direction 
after the first World War as to be incapable of dealing 
with realities. The problem is not to any high degree, in 
well-established democracies, that of surrender to mili- 
tarism inside the nation, hut rather that of realism and 
competence versus sentimentalism and sheer laissez-faire. 
That democracy, when fully alert to its task, can cope 
M'ith militarism on the outside, is another matter. Here 
indeed is where the freedom and the genius of the human 
spirit has its incomparable advantage over purely me- 

chanized and coerced efforts. Lord Tweedsmuir tells of 
hov\' in the last desperate German drive in the spring of 
1918 there were thirty-seven divisions of the British 
Army to withstand seventy-five divisions of the Germans, 
and how in that moment when the British line had bent 
until it actually was quite broken: then, as in the Battle of 
Britain in WW 11, every Britisher did what he had not 
been trained to do. He improvised, met the crisis with 
heroic insight and abandon, and saved the day for West- 
ern Europe. The Germans improvised too, and thereby 
they impaired the function of their plan.'*'* None of their 
generals, Masaryk pointed out, showed great generalship: 
whether Hindenburg or Ludendorff or any of the 
others. ■'^' 

THE test of any democratic state is the democratic 
spirit of its army. Masaryk was completely commit- 
ted to a democratic army for a democratic state, and 
he had faith that this, with democratic union in a Society 
or League of Nations, could maintain and advance his 
nation and democracy throughout the world. "Our armv 
must be democratic," he insisted. "The old barriers be- 
tween civic life and the army must fall. There must be 
no distinction between the tv\'o spheres. We do not want 
to have an imperialistic army. Our soldier must know and 
be imbued with the principles of genuine humanity. None 
the less — indeed for that very reason — he must be a man 
of courage in accordance with the old tradition of: 'Everv 
Czech a Captain!' Even in the instance of the army, ideal 
and spirit are the first consideration."'*^ 

"Our State arose out of war and through war," 
Masaryk said in an address to an army deputation on the 
fifth anniversary of the proclamation of the nation's in- 
dependence; "but its actual rise we owe to our own deter- 
mination, and that of all the nations of Europe and the 
world, to put down the system of violence that was based 
on the old militarism, to liberate the oppressed nations, 
and thus to strengthen and extend democracy ... I 
know that the opinion is still widespread, that an army 
must be always ready for attack, and that if it is designed 
in advance merely for purposes of defense it cannot be 
either properly trained in the military sense or feel con- 
fident of victory ... I can only concede that an army 
which is genuinely democratic and thus purely defensive 
presupposes a higher personal and civic morality (italics 
added), especially loftier views as to what is real charac- 
ter, valour, and heroism. It is the task of the military 
authorities to train up and consolidate the army in this 
loftier spirit. Even a democratic state demands sacrifice 
of its citizens and its soldiers — a readiness to secrifice their 
lives should this be necessary. To demand from citizens 
the sacrifice of their lives, to demand that from citizens 
who are thoughtful and conscious of their responsibilities 

43. Ihid., pp. 59-60; cf. p. 457. 

44. J. Buchan, The King's Grace, 1910-1935 (Hodder and 
Stoughton, 1935), pp. 210-215. 

45. The New Europe, p. 41. 

46. Krofta, "Masaryk's Political Democracy," p. 34. 


— this involves precisely the highest stage of personal and 
civic morality."*" 

Democracy produces, or can produce, the highest and 
the greatest t\"pe of soldier because democrac\" develops 
men. The human factor is its speciality. This is at once, 
indeed, its danger and its strength; for it permits un- 
trained and inefficient people to have an equal voice in 
and even manage its affairs. Readjustments in a time of 
crisis, accordinglv, are slow and difficult; and since almost 
every time is in some respect a time of crisis, democracy 
entails that men and nations are quite continously getting 
into difficulties and spending an immense amount of their 
resources in trying to get out. A recompense, or consola- 
tion to be more exact, is that they do not commonly get 
as far into difficulty as non-democratic states, and can 
therefore get out at a lower cost. But the dangers of 
unreadiness and inefficiency are great, so that democracy 
can only really be protected and advanced by unalloyed 
and informed work. 

THIS brings us to the second dilemma or problem 
of democracy: the dilemma of industrialism in an 
individualistic culture. Here, again, however, Mas- 
aryk does not seem to have had the difficulty, which is 
rife in democracies, of confusing democracy with its 
purely political phases, and of failing to see that democra- 
cy is a principle of industry as well as of politics. De- 
mocracy, he maintained, is a system of work. Its foremost 
issue is the organization of labor. "Democracy demands 
that all shall work." Yet "democracy aims, not merely at 
work, but at the spirit of industry." The democrat tri- 
umphs by work, physical and mental, "over the aristocratic 
ideal of indolence and violence." The whole motive- 
force of democracy is the organization of socio-personal 
life for purposes not just of immediate advantage but 
conjoint progress. And since democracy is the most diffi- 
cult of systems, democracy is largely work: "co-efFort by 
all for the state as a whole." Democracy demands con- 
stant and positive work in detail.** 

This does not mean, however, any necessary loss to 
human individualities, for this is the very ground on 
which individuality can express and maintain itself: i. e., 
on an industrial basis. ''^ This is the condition for the 
preservation and advancement of all individualities with 
which democracy is in principle concerned. The exploita- 
tion of individuals and mechanizing of their lives is still 
another matter. This is not to be surmounted by the 
abolition of industrialism but by social morality and a 
truly democratic culture. 

FROM Masaryk's standpoint, in fact, the concept of 
democracy was a principle neither just of politics 
nor of industrial life. It was, as we have emphasized, 
a whole philosophy of culture. "Genuine democracy," he 
stated, "will be economic and social as well as political."^" 
Democracy, abo\'e all, must be moral and religiously spir- 
itual in its character and program. This means that it 
must put socio-personal interests in the foreground of its 

thinking, establish these on the solid foundation of moral- 
ly just inter-relations of people, and maximize their inter- 
ests from the angles of culturally wholesome and expan- 
sive associations of people in all spheres of life. True 
democracy is a democracy of culture as well as of bread 
and of votes. 

From this standpoint, indeed, it is important to 
consider Masaryk's view of the relationship of democracy 
to socialism, and of individualism to both nationalism and 
internationality. These relations have been the sources 
of a great deal of confusion. What is the modicum of 
truth from which each of these sundry viewpoints gains 
its special strength? This was Masaryk's specific concern. 
And Masarvk, in point of fact, showed the actual har- 
mony of individualism with nationalism and of nation- 
alism with international democracy. The principle of in- 
dividuality, he emphasizes repeatedly, is the stronghold 
of democracy: acknowledging and, in so far as possible, 
providing for the "rights" of men as individual citizens. 
But nations too, he pointed out, are individuals: natural 
groupings of mankind, with common backgrounds and 
closely interacting interests. States may differ widely from 
nations. The former may be artificial and amorphous. 
States, at best, are instruments or agencies of nations. 
Nations are the normal functioning unities of people. 
Democracy extends also, naturally, between "nations," 
despite the lag of international morality and lack of 
democratic understanding in many, if not most, nations. ^-^ 
A fundamental problem in the solution of world problems 
is just this extension of democracy to relationships of 
nations (and how in the meantime a democracy can 
interact with non-democratic nations). But between love 
of one's own nation and internationality there is no 
cleavage. One cannot be effectively international in out- 
look and action without due loyalty to one's own country 
first of all and to other nations via this national loyalty. 
Proper devotion to or concern for one's own nation in- 
volves, in fact, a just regard for the interests of others. ^^ 

IF nations are, however, or at least may be, individ- 
ualities, this same obtains for other groupings, such 
as those who in an aristocratic social order are distin- 
guished as the "workers." Not only are they separate 
individualities, as persons, and entitled to consideration 
wherein no man shall use another man mainly as an 
instrument for his own ends; but collectively they form 
a natural unity in essential interests and functions. The 
only problem from this standpoint is that there should 
be any other healthy adult group than that of those 

47. Ibid. 

48. The Spirit of Russia, II, 509; Krofta, "Masaryk's Political 
Democracy," p. 17; Les Prohlemes de la Democratie, pp. 34, 35, 
43, 58; The New Europe, p. 68. 

49. Cf. L. P. Jacks, Constrtictive Citizenship, Garden City, 
N. Y., 1928, for an industrial version of morality. 

50. The Making of a State, p. 440. 

51. The New Europe, pp. 67 ff. 

52. Capek, Masaryk on Thought and Life, pp. 212-213. 



who are workers. "Democracy demands that all shall 
work." In a democracy per se, "there are no men or 
classes exploiting the labour of others." That would be a 
violation of the principle of individuality from which 
democracy obtains its validation and its virtue. "Democ- 
racy aims, not merely at work, but at the spirit of indus- 
trv." It is, as we have stated, "the organization of progress 
in all branches of human activity," and finds its special 
power in the unloosening of all energies. Democracy is, 
accordingly, a principle of labour. ^^ 

There should be no substantial difference, therefore, 
from this standpoint, between individualism and social- 
ism. The public and private sectors interact, and each 
should be given its best place in the whole. Indeed, in- 
dividualism must itself be social to be democratic and 
effective, not exploiting but supporting and advancing 
personalities. Democracy, indeed, "is based on individual- 
ism;" not "capricious individualism" such as Stirner's or 
Nietzche's, but "rather on the effort to strengthen indi- 
viduality and the sense of individual responsibility." 
Democracy bespeaks "the sense of social solidarity. "^^ If 
groups themselves, moreover, are in natural circumstances 
also individuals, it follows that the emphasis on group 
interests, whether of the workers or any other natural 
group, is implicit in the very structure of democracy. 
Group interests must, in fact, be maximized to provide 
for individuals. The truth and worth of socialism con- 
sists distinctivelv in this emphasis on the I'ahtes of the 
inter-relations of totalities of persons, in distinction from 
some favored few, and above all, on the value of work 
and the workers. "My socialism," Masaryk said of his 
own view, "is simply love of one's fellowmen, humanity. 
Humanity strives to improve conditions through law and 

THIS assuredly is not the viewpoint of Marxist com- 
munism; but that itself, we shall find, is a violation 
of sociology and history. It fails to recognize the 
different kinds of work and human values, and notably 
the principle of individuality itself. °^ The essential equal- 
ity which democracy asserts to be the onlv valid principle 
for human living in society, entails the right of everyone 
so far as he is capable to share in every form of oppor- 
tunity and in all phases of culture. Democracy in sub- 
stance "proclaims not merely political equality but also 
economic, social, moral, religious, and spiritual and in- 
tellectual equality generally;" and "aims at 'fraternity 
not merely in respect of daily bread but also in rights, 
in science and learning, in morals and in religion.' "^^ 
Democracy therefore requires the definitive organizing 
of society for facilitation of the lives and individualities 
of peoples. This is individualism in its best functional 
form — concerned for hnilding up of individualities. Yet 
it is also socialism in its true functional meaning: advanc- 
ing groups (as groups), and work. It is not "communism" 
in any usual understanding of that term. Yet no simple 
sharing of all human goods nor anv largely mechanistic 
economics can do justice to the complex spiritually moral 
brotherhood of man. Onlv an effective concern for men 

and a politically just balancing of all types of interests 
can serve men's group life soundly or adequately and 
advance human society. This is a function of leadership, 
science, and work. 

There remains then the dilemma of combining 
demagogy with bureaucracy in a democracy. Here is 
where Masarvk differed most sharplv from Plato. Mas- 
aryk had faith that the masses of men could rise to self- 
government and that philosophical thinking and living 
is not the prerogative only of philosopher-kings. It is the 
potentialitv and right of the masses. Just as Comenius 
would have taught metaphysics to children,^* within the 
compass of their apperceptive possibilities, Masaryk un- 
dertook to teach men generally to think scientifically 
and philosophically. Not that they could grasp it all at 
once, but that they could grow in understanding and 
in critical acumen, and achieve constructivity for the sur- 
mounting of issues. They could, furthermore, help to 
educate their leaders. Leadership was a mutual, inter- 
active, progressive affair; a matter of growth along with 

The problem basically, however, is not that of bureau- 
cracy within a democracy but that of the autocracy of 
demagogues, who try ignorantly if somewhat innocently 
to assume authoritative roles. For in so far as experts are 
emploved as advisors, in the spirit of humanity, there is 
no problem for democracy. Both the preservation and 
advancement of the rights and duties of mankind for 
succeeding decades and centuries make the often-unap- 
preciated services of experts unavoidably essential. And 
in so far as men want to dispense with or lessen their 
dependence on bureaus or experts, they must themselves 
achieve such range and depth of knowledge that they 
themselves no longer are onlv citizens but experts.^" This 
is the prime issue: thorough-going, fundamental educa- 
tion of the masses and their leaders. 

DEMOCRACY requires of men that thev should be 
prepared at least to judge the wisdom of ad\'isors 
and to be in that more-or-Iess direct sense self-gov- 
erning. It stands to reason that democracy cannot be 
developed or maintained without intensive and inclusi\'e 
culture. "Democracy means constant training for democ- 
racy . . ."^" and not in politics or government alone but 
in general education and culture. Not that demagogy is 
the sole possession of the democratic systems; dictatorships 
depend on it for absoluteness. But right there is the dan- 

53. The New Europe, p. 68; The Spirit of Russia, II, 509. 

54. The Making of a State, p. 464; cf. Speech on Tenth Anni- 
versary, p. 22. 

55. Ideals of Humanity, Chap. II; Ludwig, Defender of De- 
mocracy, p. 55. 

56. Die Grundlagen des Marxismits, cf. especially Chaps. 
V, X, XII; also Ideals of Humanity, Chap. II. 

57. Krofta, "Masaryk's Political Democracy," p. 2. 

58. The Spirit of Russia, II, 511. 

59. Krofta, "Masaryk's PoHtical Democracy," p. 28; cf. Speech 
on Tenth Anniversary, pp. 15 ff. 

60. Ibid., p. 19; cf. The Making of a State, pp. 444 ff. 



ger of autocracy within democracy itself. Absoluteness is 
the characteristic of badlv informed individuals and 
groups, of those whose training has been too narrow 
or too shallow. Democracies lend themselves in sweeping 
fashion to this source of exploitation. Between the dema- 
gogue and the narrow expert, thev are in constant danger 
within as likewise from without. The demagogue has no 
basis for collaboration with the expert. The demagogue 
lets words do dutv for ideas and for things: "oood round 


words." He both gains election and also undertakes to 
solve his nation's problems by slogans and catch-phrases. 
"Watchwords" are essential, and may express high princi- 
ples but there is a significant difference between watch- 
words and catch-phrases. "To speak uncritically (even) 
of the will, instinct, and sound-common sense of the 
masses . . . the people, the nation, the partv, and the like, 
is generally . . . only a proof that the man who speaks 
thus does not think in scientific terms, that he has no 
clearly defined political aim, and that he believes in 
miracles." The demagogue's objective, in fact, in so far 
as it is not just merely gaining some advantage for him- 
self and partisans, is that of compromise between oppos- 
ing extremes. He does not have the viewpoint of sound 
policv based on knowledge of historic culture and of the 
concrete facts of his state in the actual complex order 
of his continent or world. Compromise of method and of 
detail is indeed essential in democracy, but not compro- 
mise of principle nor yet compromise as itself an end.®^ 

THE issue, therefore, is not one really of bureaucracy 
within democracv but of demagogv and quasi- 
bureaucracv. Without the achievement and the pres- 
ervation, in fact, of a significant cultural level "neither 
the parties, nor democracy nor parliament can be guard- 
ed from demagogy;"®- and science cannot be brought to 
function to advance the human interests of the nation. 
Small wonder that Masarvk arri\'ed, long vears ago, at 
the conviction that to be an honest democrat means to 
think philosophically; that the problem is one pre-eminent- 
ly of both science and morals, and that the attitude of 
the democrat "who reflects" is "not to seek what is called 
the golden mean between the right and the left" but 
deliberately to consider "the realitv."®^ 

This indeed is a large undertaking for the great mass- 
es of men, and iMasaryk not merely conceded but insisted 
that it is primarily the function of leaders. Democracy 
can no more be sustained as democracy without educa- 
tional, moral, and political leaders, who prepare their 
people in culture and truth, than political aristocracy 
could function without men who could be employed as 
the workers. The analogy, indeed, is close; for democracy 
demands as the leaders of nations men who while aristo- 
crats of character, knowledge and wisdom, are the na- 
tion's main servants. The difference is that democracy is 
concerned with maximizing humanity and that its lead- 
ers are its leading workers. 

Democratic politics, in point of fact, is management 
and leadership; "democracy therefore has its constant 
and urgent problem of leadership — that is, it has to train 

and educate leaders . . ."^* Democracy "is itself a constant 
striving for political education and for the education of 
the people, and education is, in high degree, self-educa- 
tion." Practically this is a question not just of schooling 
in the academic but a wider sense. "In all democratic 
countries," Masaryk wrote in the 1920's, "leading posi- 
tions are now being taken in politics and in the public 
services by men devoid of higher education. How to pre- 
serve the special knowledge that is required in govern- 
ment, administration and in Parliament is a problem 
that arises in every democracy as soon as the center of 
parliamentary gravity shifts toward the great popular par- 
ties . . . Yet it is true that the academically-educated and 
capable official is often inferior to the experienced or- 
ganizer and party leader in knowledge of men and in 
practical capacity for dealing with parties. Parliament, 
and the Government; for political sense and statecraft are 
not to be acquired solely by schooling or even by admin- 
istrative experience. Moreover, the problem of the edu- 
cated comprises that of the semi-educated. Semi-educa- 
tion, as a transitional phase of our period of transition 
from theocracy to democracy, is the peculiar curse of our 
society and our era. Democracy has therefore to find means 
of turning semi-education into education": and of making 
this latter more full-blooded and concrete as well as most 
soundly basic. ®^ This again, however is a function of 
the interaction of leaders with each other and with those 
who are less educated. The masses themselves accordingly 
must help to educate their leaders. 

QUITE specifically, furthermore, democracy is a 
function of the Press. Its members have a direct 
educative function, without which democracy sur- 
renders to mythology and autocracy. Publicists are or 
ought to be the nation's leading democrats, providing an 
extension of parliament to all of the people. But this 
requires that they he faithful to a responsibility or trust, 
and, rather than betray their public through misconstru- 
ing or creating news, that they present the truth with 
precision and informed acumen. "Hence the responsible 
and splendid task of journalism in democracy!"^® 

There is no clearer statement of the moral limits of a 
free yet democratically functional Press than Masaryk's 
elaboration of his own war-time principles of propaganda: 
"Not to abuse" or "undenate the enemy; not to distort 
facts or make boasts ... to let facts speak for themselves, 
and use them as evidence ... to influence by ideas and 
arguments and remain personally in the background; not 
to be an opportunist, not to snatch at the things which 

61. Krofta, op. cit., pp. 12, 18-19; The Making of a State, 
pp. 466-467. 

62. Krofta, op. cit., p. 15. 

63. Les Problemes de la Democratie, pp. 47-48. 

64. Speech on Tenth Anniversary, p. 19. 

65. The Making of a State, pp. 437, 445-446. 

66. Speech on Tenth Anniversary, p. 19. "The daily press," 
he said in The Making of a State, "enjoys a real albeit not a codi- 
fied right of initiative and referendum. In this right lies its great 
responsibility," p. 448. 



pass with the dav, to have one plan and one standard in 
everything; and one thing more — not to be importunate 
. . . To He and exaggerate is the worst propaganda of 
gj] "67 "Some among us," he said, "thought that the 
whole art of politics consists in gulling people. Until we 
stopped them, they tried to disseminate 'patriotic' un- 
truths, forgetting that falsehoods can be exposed. Our 
enemies used these untruths against us."^* These princi- 
ples of propaganda. Dr. Benes pointed out, were those of 
the "scientific and truthful propagation of knowledge. "^^ 

This is an especial responsibility of the Press in a 
democracy. Negatively, a really democratic Press must be 
opposed to ignorance, obscurantism, lopsidedness, exploi- 
tation, oligarchy, and anarchy. 

We have, therefore, in Masaryk's view of democracy 
a clear-headed concern for socio-moral standards and 
ideals along with a recognition of the realities to be dealt 
with and the problems arising from these. He is no 
purist, though strict in the standards he espouses. He 
is a functional social realist. But his functional realism is 
far from a superficial or a purely temporalistic practical- 
ism. It is a complete philosophy of reality and culture. 
It requires all its statesmen to have a comprehensively 
informed viewpoint on human principles and values and 
that they may be conscious of its humane import and 
outlook. Its foremost problems indeed are not so much 
technical or theoretic, important as those phases are. Tech- 
nicians can find ways to cope with them; democracy is 
allied directly with science. The primary problems of 
democracy are spiritual and moral: issues of the quality 
of men's mental culture. Men are not democrats at heart 
when they are derelict in moral or religious perspective. 
People characteristically think to gain through other's 
loss. Revolution and reactionism show that men do not 
tend to think of making changes in society except through 
substitution of one system of oppression for another. 
To take the viewpoint of the entire group or nation and 
of outright mutuality in maximizing interests demands a 
thorough change in quality of views and in fundamental 

motives. Democracy requires "a new man, a new Adam 
... A democratic republic is a matter of principle . . . 
To proclaim and to practice the equality of all citizens, 
to recognize that all are free, to uphold inwardly and out- 
wardly the humane principle of fraternity is as much a 
moral as a political innovation ... As I have shown 
when writing of Russia, men are wont to make their 
earthly and heavenly gods in their own image. They are 
anthropomorphist . . . Most of them are guided, in theory 
and practice by analogy . . . not by creative understand- 
ing."^'' Democracy demands that men be moral and that 
they also be morally creative; that they gain critical yet 
sympathetic perspecti^-e and live in terms not just of social 
solidarity but of social, and indeed cosmic, creativity. 

MEN'S democratic culture, nonetheless, cannot be 
a matter purely of religion and morality in iso- 
lation from techniques and understandings. Both 
religion and morality, we shall see in succeeding chap- 
ters, are functions of men's metaphysics and therefore of 
their concrete logics. Whole thinking is the logic of 
democracy. Men must understand and know, and they 
must know the v\'hy of what they know, in order to be 
morally and intelligently democratic. The freedom of 
enlightened consciences is the primary, basic freedom 
man can have: the freedom which illuminates and ex- 
pands the understandings, outreach, and control of life. 
This is the freedom which democracy in principle affords. 
Whether this is actualized to any marked degree through- 
out the diverse spheres of life depends not on democracy 
but on its advocates and beneficiaries. 

p. 6. 

67. Capek, President Masaryk Tells His Story, pp. 252-253. 

68. The Making of a State, p. 81. 

69. "The Political Activity and Philosophy of T. G. Masaryk,' 

70. The Making of a State, p. 443. 


Professor W. Preston Warren has been a member of 
the faculty and chairman of the department of philosophy 
since 1945. He received his B.D. degree with honors and 
his Ph.D. degree from Yale University and was a post- 
doctoral fellow for studies in Berlin, Prague and Cam- 
bridge from 1934-36. In addition to his work on Masaryk's 
thought, he is the author of PANTHEISM IN NEO- 
HEGELIAN THOUGHT, Yale University Press, 1931, 
and the translator of T. G. Masaryk's IDEALS OF 
HUMANITY, Allen and Unwin, 193?,. Recently he has 
been editing a manuscript of readings in American 
Realism. In this context he was invited some months ago 
by Professor R. W. Sellars to edit his papers and is already 
under contract with Warren H. Green, Inc. to provide a 
manuscript of 110,000 to 135,000 words from Professor 
Sellars' writings. He is also the author of fifteen scholarly 

Dr. W. Preston Warren 



By Mrs. Chester R. Leaser 

(Evelyn McGann '18) 

THE 50th Anniversary of the first Armistice Day in- 
spires the Classes of 1918 and 1919 to recollect and 
to make some comparisons with today. 

World War I and the decade following the Armistice 
on November 11, 1918, so shaped the make-up, character 
and lives of the members of the classes of 1918 and 1919, 
that it seems appropriate in November 1968, fifty years 
later, to recall memories of those momentous times and 
make a few comparisons between then and now. 

The distinctive name of Armistice Day has been 
changed to Veterans Day and two years hence even the 
distinctive date will be lost and the two minutes of 
silence in tribute to the men who fought in World War I 
will be but a memorv. 

Starting in the year 1918, Market Street in Lewisburg 
was paved, and cluster lights were erected every few feet. 
We thought it looked like a boulevard! The daily com- 
muters to Bucknell from Williamsport, Allenwood, White 
Deer, West Milton and Winfield came and went on pas- 
senger trains on the Reading Railroad, and from Watson- 
town and Milton, on an hourly street car. There were 
onlv about six motor cars on campus, for the tra\-eling was 
slow and dustv on unpaved roads. Creature comforts did 
not matter too much. If we were not affluent, we did not 
know it. We cherished the ethical values we had been 
taught. We had "everything but monev," and our main 
idea was to enjoy getting an education. 

Germany's resort to unrestricted submarine warfare 
forced President Woodrow Wilson to declare war on 
German V, April 6, 1917, to, in his words, "make the world 
safe for democracy." By this time, two Ambulance Units 
had already been formed by Bucknell volunteers from 
Classes '17, '18, and '19. They landed in France, August 
1917. Both of these units were awarded the Croix de 
Guerre by Marshal Retain, and every member of the 
two units won an individual citation. From these units 
came Bucknell's first casualty, Reginald S. Newberry, 
U. S. A. A. C, on January 13,' 1918. 

THE government adopted a selective service act on 
May 18, 1917, which required all men between 21 
years and 30 years to register for the draft. Most 
students entered the classes of 1918 and 1919 when they 
were 16 to 17 years old. They were too young for the 
draft, so they continued to enlist in increasing numbers. 
These events account for the decrease in the number of 
graduates in 1918, being 88, and 1919, only 85. So at least 
150 members of our two classes volunteered in some ser- 
vice. We were young in years as well as sophistication, but 
mature in patriotism. Everyone sang "Over There" to let 
the world know the Yanks were coming. 

Many of the young men enlisted in any capacity in all 
of the services and also in many Officers Training Camps. 
I know of some who stayed in the services until they were 


The First 
Armistice Day: 

November 11, 1918 

The 1919 L' Agenda is dedicated to the mem- 
ory of Sgt. EeginaM Newberry '17 — the frst 
Bucknellian to sacrifice his life in World 
War I. 

At right are the men of Section 524, U. S. 
Army Anibidance Service, one of two units 
organized and trained at Bucknell during 
World War I. No -photo of Section 525 was 
ax'ailable, hut suri'iving members of hoth imits 
still hold periodic reunions. 


rlie men of BticknelVi Company C, Student Army Training Corps, posed for this photo in September 19l<i. 

discharged after the Armistice, and I know of two who 
made the service their career, one in the Army and one in 
the Navy. Stewart Epler '19 couldn't wait for the U. S. 
to enter the war, so he joined the Royal Engineers of the 
British Army. Clifford Deck '18 enlisted in the Reserve 
Corps in February 1918 and was called to report to Offi- 
cers Training Corps, Camp Lee, Va. in May. He finished 
his senior year's work in early May, so he could go to 
Camp Lee, and graduated in absentia. He was commis- 
sioned a second lieutenant in June '18 in the U. S. Army 
Engineers. He landed in France in September 1918 and 
was commissioned a first lieutenant one month later. 
After the armistice, he spent an additional eight months 
on road construction work in Southern France. Stanley 
Harris '18 was also with the Army Engineers in France, 
1918-1919. Charlie Iredell, formerly '18, graduated 1920, 
became a first lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps, where he 
spent two years. Harry Potts '19, was a candidate for the 
Flying Corps, as the Air Force was then called. The 
Medical Corps was the place for several pre-med students. 
The Quartermaster Corps was represented by "Buck" 
ElHott '18, on the flagship, USS Hiawatha. Some other 
volunteers were in the Navy, too. One, Charles Dean '18, 
retired as an Admiral. The Navy had the submarines to 
watch. (I know about the submarines, called U-boats in 
World War IL My daughter and I came home from 
Bombay on a large, fast, damaged but seaworthy Naval 
Transport in February 1942. VVe came, unaccompanied, 

through the U-boats from Capetown, South Africa, to 
New York. Luckily, we were shot at just once.) Malcolm 
Musser '18 was in the Army in World War I and became 
a lieutenant commander in the Navy in World War IL 
It is interesting to note that the Army seemed to have the 
fewest enlistments from Bucknell. After all these years, 
we still thrill with pride when we think of the willingness 
of our young men to volunteer! 

ONE of the few to volunteer in the Army liked it so 
well that he made the Army his career. He was 
Maj. Gen. Harold N. Gilbert of the original Class 
of 1919. He entered the Arrhy in 1917 and was commis- 
sioned a second lieutenant at the Officers Training Camp 
in Fort Niagara, New York. When the Armistice was 
signed, he was with the 1 54th Depot Brigade of the 30th 
Infantry in France. So many of the 150 others of 1918 
and 1919 were in France, too. Harold vi'as wounded in the 
second batde of the Marne and near Mezv, France, won 
the Distinguished Service Cross and the Army Commen- 
dation Medal for unusually meritorious service. He also 
received the Purple Heart for his services in Germany. 

Although his active career spanned both World Wars, 
he was known for his administrative leadership of two of 
the largest military agencies in history. After the Japanese 
attack on Pearl Harbor, Gen. Gilbert was named by the 
Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, to head the Office 




of Dependency Benefits in 1942. The Agency became the 
largest organization of its kind in the world, and served 
14 million Army men and women. He supervised the 
payment of more than $5 billion in family allowances and 
allotments of pay to soldiers' dependents. His slogan for 
the task, from 1942 until late 1946, was "get 'em paid." 
The other assignment began on VJ Dav in August 
1945, when he was put in charge of the Army's recruiting 
program to rebuild the volunteer, regular Army. From 
October 1945 to October 1946, there were 1.02 million 
voluntary enlistments, gi\'ing this country the largest num- 
ber of volunteers in any army at one time in history. When 
thinking of a picture caption for a recruiting ad for the 
Aviation Cadet program, the phrase, "Keep 'em Flying," 
came to his mind. This slogan proved to be an effective 
rallying cry. Bucknell conferred an honorary degree on 
Gen. Gilbert in 1946. Gen. Gilbert passed away Nov. 17, 

HENRY MEYER WEBER, M.D., Commander, 
Medical Corps, U. S. N., retired, is a fellow of the 
American College of Surgeons. Henry, formerly 
1919, graduated 1920, was another student whose original 
plans for a career were diverted to the service. He gradu- 
ated from Jefferson Medical School and enlisted in the 
Navy. He served from 1924-1946, much of this time 
engaged in traumatic surgery. Since deafness from gun- 
fire forced him into early retirement, he practiced bone 
surgery for a time, then retired from practice, again as a 
result of deafness. Since then, Dr. Weber has shown he 
is a man of many talents. 

Dr. Weber, with his wife, lobbied for wild life preser- 
vation and for a law to license firearms. They are home- 
builders, have bought and restored at least twelve houses, 
and in their gardens have planted and nurtured exotic 
non-desert plants and native fruit trees. Their present 
home is called "The Little House of LaQuinta." Henry 
has written a book, "Requiem for a Condor," and writes 
many articles concerned with conservation for publication. 
He is also an artist and has executed many prize-winning 
animal paintings. Now, among other interests, he is board 
president of "The Desert Protective Council, Inc." of 
California. He also is conservation chairman of the Cali- 
fornia Garden Clubs, Inc., which numbers 17,000 men 
and women interested in conservation. Dr. Weber sum- 
marizes his philosophy of conservation education in a few 
words: "You have to plant a seed somewhere," and pins 
his hopes for a thoroughly awakened public on education 
of the young. 

We who stayed home, besides carrying torches for our 
particular cadet or lieutenant, carried on by finding things 
to do: teaching, becoming nurses, doing social service 
work, attending technical schools, joining the Red Cross, 
training to be dietitians, doing secretarial work with the 
government in Washington or anything else we could do 
to help the \\'ar effort. There was a wonderful feeling of 
relief when that first Armistice Day arrived so unexpect- 
edly at two o'clock in the morning, with all the whistles 
in America blowing. One's first thought — it was the end of 

the world, with all the din. On second thought, it couldn't 
be, for then the whistles would have been broken. This 
day came, too, just at the end of a six-week vacation in all 
public schools in the eastern United States caused by an 
epidemic of Asian flu. 

DAGMAR JAMES MacFARLANE '18, who was in 
New York City, recalls her experience on Armis- 
tice Dav: "A group of us in our Red Cross outfits 
vv'alked down Fifth Avenue selling Liberty Bonds to the 
wild, screaming crowd. Fifth Avenue was so packed one 
could scarcely get through the dense mass of people, 
cheering and singing, and lots of them crying. We sold 
Liberty Bonds for CASH and when our hands were full 
of money and our supply of bonds depleted, we returned 
to the Waldorf Hotel, turned in our money and went out 
again." (Imagine carr^'ing a handful of greenbacks to the 
Waldorf today!) 

When it was suggested that it \\ould be interesting 
to compare conditions after World War I and conditions 
of today, we stirred up many memories (almost forgotten) 
and found many similarities. 

Present generations have some characteristics that 
mark the influences that have shaped them: the atom 
bomb, the conquest of space, the computer, automation 
and the clo}'ing diet of TV. To rear children in a society 
where comfort is king and the credit card the power be- 
hind the throne, produces a generation whose grasp of 
some of the old-fashioned virtues of self-sufficiency is 
inevitably weakened. Through TV it became interested 
in all the uorld. Permissi\'eness was stressed at home, 
participation at school. These young people arrived at 
colleges which still reflected old methods and old ap- 
proaches to education, and both the students and the col- 
leges were unprepared for the meeting. The bomb and 
all it implies may have created a feeling that there is a 

The late Major General Harold N. Gilhert '19 who was hadly 
wounded in the Battle of the Marne. 



time limit on getting a better world. Many of the college 
youth have moral courage and want to become personally 
involved in changing society or in helping others through 
social work or national organizations, such as the Peace 

Something a bit similar happened after World War I. 
The returning veterans could no longer be treated like 
school boys. What was wholesome for service veterans 
was not so wholesome for irresponsible youth. So the lift- 
ing of restrictions served to increase the liberties that all 
students took advantage of. The colleges were organized 
with restrictions, not freedoms. Everything began to 
change violently. Then the National Prohibition Act of 
1919 was passed. "Thou shall not" was as unpopular in 
1919-1929, post-World War I years as "Thou shall" is 
today. "Thou shall not" caused continuing protests and 
disregard for law for 15 years, until Prohibition was re- 

We also had social service workers in Appalachia in 1918, 
financed privately, too. So, if we could produce such ex- 
cellent examples of worthwhile people from the 20's, we 
think there is much that is hopeful about this younger 
generation of today. It may be that some of these are our 

The majority of young people today have fine educa- 
tions, self-confidence, are very articulate and are thinkers 
and doers. They are very anxious to reach the top quickly. 
Our generation was not so restive, and was willing to go 
along with advances and promotions more slowly, and 
arrive in the top executive positions equipped with more 
experience, more tolerance, and I believe, more peace of 
mind. Our young men had to find their jobs; companies 
did not send representatives to the colleges as they do 
now. Our generation did not expect the federal govern- 
ment to do anything for it. We thought we should help 

TODAY, many young people have very deep personal 
feelings about "Thou shall" and are quite vocal 
i about them. The decade of 1919-1929 is referred to 

I as the "Roaring 20's." Historians remember only Prohibi- 
tion, flappers and the Charleston dancers. (I remember on 
the ship en route to Rangoon, 1927, a British gentleman 
, asked me if I did the Charleston. He was so surprised 
! when I said, "No! Indeed!") The majority of us were not 
so "roaring," just as the young people of today are not so 
radical. One always hears, sees and remembers the vocal, 
spectacular minority. 

There were young people, in our time, with the same 

motivation as the Peace Corps volunteers of today. When 

my husband, a staff member of an American bank, and I 

: arrived in Rangoon, Burma, in 1927, there were five other 

' Bucknellians already there. They were teachers at Judson 

jj College. They were paid privately, not by the government. 

Dr. and Mrs. Henry M. Weber at Northernaire Hotel, Three 
Lakes, Wisconsin, a 4,000-acre wild-life sanctuary. 

AT the end of the extravagant 20's, there was a great 
Depression. This is vyhen the federal government 
began to have a growing social consciousness. To- 
day, so many people have moved away from the farms and 
small towns, where they were able to grow food for them- 
selves. Now, they are in the cities, where such indepen- 
dence is impossible. So the government has had to come 
to their rescue. Others, with education and abilit}', have 
been able to make a great amount of money, are able to 
fly everywhere in a \'ery short time, and are able to keep 
up with the news constantly. This materially motivated 
generation has taken little time for reflection, and feel 
they haven't much time for involvement in civic affairs. 

Today, the young have an intellectual curiosity and 
information and awareness about America and the world 
and are willing to be involved in changing society. They 
feel free debate and fierce criticism is still the main 
strength of our nation. Qualified leadership is needed to 
give direction, inspiration, and challenge. If this leader- 
ship can be found, then the young people of today will 
have more understanding and eventually a truer appreci- 
ation of what America is all about. 


Mrs. Chester R. Leaber (Evelyn McGann '18) has 
lived and traveled in many areas of the world since gradu- 
ating from Bucknell. Married in 1927 to Chester R. Lea- 
her '19, the Bucknell couple traveled to Rangoon, Burma 
for Chester's first assignm.ent as an official of the Far 
Eastern Division, First National City Bank. Before his 
retirement as senior vice president of the hank in 1962, 
Evelyn and Chester lived in Tokyo, Calcutta, Bombay, 
Mexico City and Manila. Active in the American Associa- 
tion of University Women, Evelyn has directed her con- 
cern to scholarship aid. In Manila, from 1947 to 1952, she 
was a member of a Panhellenic group whose purpose was 
to help impoverished American women. The Leabers no%v 
reside at 32 Washington Square, West, N. Y ., N. Y., and 
Evelyn began this year new duties as reporter for the 
Class of 1918. 



". . . The problem with trying to be relevant 
all the time is that such a concern lets the issues 
in the world about you determine the choices 
you have for your investmetit of time and 
thought and energy and heart . . ," 



By Rabbi Edwin H. Friedman '54 

WHEN I was a kid, growing up in the streets of 
New York City, I must have killed 10,000 sneaky 
"Japs" with my broom handle rifle. My snowball 
grenades slew at least that many Germans, and I never, 
absolutely never, tired of being a brave Russian guerrilla 
in my brownstone Stalingrad. 

My parents, who had lived through the red scares of 
the 20's, could never understand, of course, how I found 
it so easy to be a Russian, and I found it equally incom- 
prehensible that Japan had been on our side in their 

Today, mv children and parents would have much in 
common to feel about the contemporary scene as they leap 
over my emotional generation, with Japan again the good 
guy, Russia again the villain. 

At least my parents and I could join in our common 
hatred of Germany, though it is often difficult to explain 
such feelings to kids who know how much those German 
arms mean to Israel. 

My parents thought their parents were old-fashioned, 
but I could at least invest mv grandparents with the fore- 
sight to have gotten the devil out of eastern Europe, thus 
saving me from the smell of "Cyclone B" and a trip like 
smoke through the chimneys. 

When I was in college we had compulsory chapel. 
After I had gone to my required number, the last atten- 
dance card inspired me to jot a note. I quoted the raven — 
"nevermore." And here I am again in a college chapel, 
compelled again, but by a force I understand much less. 

When I was a baby they tell me I had a nervous 
muscle in my stomach, so much anxiety I couldn't eat. 
Now I find it helps. 

IT has been said that the only permanent thing in the 
world is change. That's a lie. Change changes. It 

changes for the faster, and all analogies to the past 
are suspect. That's why also, relevance, is irrelevant. 

It is my feeling that we are living in a world where 
the accelerating pace of change has robbed living of all 
the comforting assurances which aided previous genera- 
tions. Who we are, what we want, what our relations 
with others should be is not easy to figure out. And "sick" 
too often refers to what others do not want or cannot 

I think that upon no one more than the college 
student, confronted with a myraid of choices, under 
intense pressure to choose wisely, does the burden of 
making sense out of this world and one's personal life 
fall more heavilv. 

To narrow the perspective and bring a more con- 
centrated light to bear, part of the problem is, I believe, 
that two of the traditionally most comforting sources of 
previous generations, perhaps the two most reliable areas 

This is the text of a sermon preached hy Rahhi Friedman 
at Vassar College Chapel on Sunday, November 12, 1967. 

of stability, of permanent values, one affecting the mi- 
crocosm and one affecting the macrocosm, have them- 
selves suffered most from the acceleration of change. I 
refer here to religion and the family. 

The hippie problem, for example, is I think a direct 
result of the failure of families to provide their younger 
members with the emotional autonomy necessary for 
facing this world without absolutes. The flower eenera- 
tion is, I think, an involuntarv response to continuing 
pressures on, and hence within, the modern family for 
all its members to become closer, to adopt the same family 
ego, thus preparing the younger members less for anxiety 
and not at all for change and separation. Taking drugs 
is nuts. It assumes that anxiety can be eliminated from 
the human condition, that all pain is destructive and 
that reality can be jacked up. But that's part of the 
microcosm and I'll leave the family for the program 
planned for tonight. 

BEING in a chapel, I have an urge to talk about 
religion. It is, as Satan has been often quoted, 
"One of mv favorite subjects." Why is religion 
failing today to help people live or understand the mean- 
ino of life in the same way it once had? Has it become 
irrele^'ant? No, I think it has become too relevant. 

To explain, let me begin by quoting the last part 
of a dialogue from Walter Kaufman's Critique of Re- 
ligion and Philosophy (pp. 182-184). Perhaps you are 
familiar with it. The passage is from the end of the 
dialogue between Satan and an atheist. The atheist is 

Atheist: So far as I am concerned, religion is bunk. 

Satan: Just what do you mean by saying that — bunk? 

Atheist: I mean, it is a lot of nonsence, which isn't 
worth bothering about. There are sensible things like 
science, especialh' psvchologv and anthropology which 
are much more profitable. Religion is a stupid waste of 

Satan: Oh, I don't think so at aU . . . Religion is one 
of the most fascinating subjects in the world. I suppose 
vou don't like poetry and art either. 

Atheist: You are wrong. There are some painters and 
poets whom I like. Picasso, for example, and a lot of 
modern art. I like Tolstoy too, before he became a 
Christian, and Dostoevsky in spite of his crazy religious 
ideas. I am interested in their psychology. 

Satan: What about the book of Genesis? 

Atheist: I don't read stuff like that . . . next you will 
ask me if I say Psalms. I must have been exposed to 
things like that as a child. But I have mercifully for- 
gotten it. 

Satan: Have you read no religious scriptures at all? 

Atheist: I have only an amateur's interest in Anthro- 
pology. I have read a bit about primitive religions. But 
I have never followed it up. There are all sorts of handy 
cheap editions now. Perhaps I'll try some of them the 



next time I tra\'el by train. Usually I drive. 

Satan: But these things were not written for a quick 
dip on the train between a crossword puzzle and a 
whiskey sour. 

Atheist: And why not? You would not want me to 
go to church to catch up on the Upanishads. 

Satan: Of course not. You don't go to church to catch 
up with Lear, but at least you take an evening off for it 
and give it your whole attention and let it do something 
for you. 

Atheist: And what would these scriptures do for me? 
At most, I should want to fill a gap in my education. I 
don't want to be converted. 

Satan: Well, these are not things merely to know 
about or to have handy for a dinner conversation. The 
Bible and the Buddha, the Upanishads and the B'hag- 
avad-gita, Laotze and the Tales of the Hasidim, these 
are not things about which one is informed or not in- 
formed; what matters is that they speak to you and in 
some way change you. 

Atheist: Have you become a preacher, Satan? 

Satan: I am merely shuddering at the prospect of hav- 
ing to spend an eternity with you. I should rather like to 
make a human being of you before you settle down in 
my place. I don't agree with the people who accept these 
scriptures, but I can talk with them, and to be frank, I 
rather enjoy talking with them. But you! I wish you'd go 
to heaven. 

LIKE all good atheists, the atheist of Kaufman's 
dialogue is the aposde of relevance; Satan the aposde 
of irrelevance. Surely both would be confounded 
today by religion's own pell-mell push to be relevant. 
Religions in America today are scrambling all over one 
another in an effort to be "meaningful." 'The civil rights 
movement saved religion,' is a popular idea, because it 
involved religion in down-to-earth struggles for justice. 
Most Jews are more concerned about Vietnam than pork, 
and the move away from Latin shows that the Catholic 
church is also right up there in the dash for relevance. 

But now let me ask you something. Is it not possible 
that finding meaning in life is as important for the white 
man, as finding equality is for the Negro? Is it not possible 
that finding meaning in one's difference is more impor- 
tant for the Jew than contribudng a voice for justice on 
a contemporary social issue? And as for the Catholic 
shift to the vernacular, I've been living with English 
transladons of ancient prayers for a long time. All I can 
say is, wait till the heirarchy sees their parishioners' atti- 
tudes when the latter really begin to understand what 
they are saying. 

Ironically, once one has achieved equality, as the 
newly arrived middle-class Negro often discovers, one 
can suddenly find life most meaningless. Maybe that's 
why we have so many wars, struggles, issues — as long 
as we are engaged we don't have to think about the 
meaning of our existence, and that's a douhle entendre 
for the unattached girl. We have found purpose, as it 
were. It may be, however, that it is only in the apprecia- 

tion of the useless that we can face the meaning of exis- 

The problem with trying to be relevant all the time 
is that such a concern lets the issues in the world about 
you determine the choices you have for your investment 
of time and thought and energy and heart. The problem 
with always trying to be relevant is that the criteria for 
growth and who you eventually become or where you 
eventually wind up are determined, slowly, imperceptibly, 
by what is bugging others. The problem with trying to 
be relevant is that your personal perspective is always 
directed outwards so that you never see the larger emo- 
tional systems in which you are engulfed, but plunge 
in, taking sides, and what passes for finding yourself 
is more often a process of losing yourself. 

Going back to the dialogue, to give the devil his due, 
what is religion in America doing for its members? Con- 
cerned primarily with causes, building buildings, raising 
money, getting members, selling its own view of things, 
the situation has been reversed. It is the members who 
are doing things for the religions. Almost all major 
religious traditions in the United States today have taken 
a stand which I think can be stated: think not what your 
religion can do for you but what you can do for your 

RELIGIOUS media of communication, to use Mc- 
Luhan's metaphors, have become hot. And they 
have been heated up by too much concern to be 
relevant, that is, too much concern to spell things out. 
What passes for religious education really might as well 
be anthropology and indeed often is experienced in a 
quick isolated moment, like between a crossword puzzle 
and a quick dip in a whiskey sour. 

For those of you who are not familiar with McLuhan, 
briefly, he suggests that media of communication them- 
selves are environments which can influence a person 


Some Alumni may remember Piahhi Edwin H. Fried- 
man '54 as an outspoken columnist for THE BUCK- 
NELLIAN. Since 1964 he has served as Rahhi of the 
Bethesda, Md., Jeivish Congregation — a small, experi- 
mental congregation with a non-supernatural approach to 
religion and a cultural view of Judaism. He also writes a 
column, "Advice and Dissent," for the JEWISH WEEK. 
In addition to these duties, he has served, since 1964, as 
Com.munity Relations Specialist for the White House on ; 
the President's Committee on Equal Opportunity in 
Housing, and as director for the Center for Counseling 
and Referral — a pastoral counseling agency specializing 
in family therapy. A graduate of Hebrew Union College, 
he spent one year at Hebrew University in Jerusalem and 
participated in archeological investigations in the Negev 
and Sinai Peninsula. He has been married since 1961 to 
the former Carolyn Beckman and resides at 6 Wynkoop 
Court, Bethesda, Md. 20034. 



more than the content of their message. The medium is 
the message. Media of communication therefore have 
formative powers beyond their contents and transform 
by their nature more than by their contents. 

Then he advances the idea that basically media are 
of two types: hot and cool. Hot media are those which 
are very well delineated and definite, which are not open- 
ended, which do not leave spaces for the individual to 
fill in, which do not demand imagination. 

Cool media are those which maximize opportunities 
for individuation, which encourage participation, and 
what might be called creative filling of the blanks. 

But that means all media which are primarily con- 
cerned to be relevant by the nature of the need must 
become hot. For they cannot afford time to let the in- 
dividual grow. Actually, I think nowhere in American 
society today can the heating up eflFect of relevance be 
seen better than in its effect on religion. 

What are the major media of religion today? Are 
they not the word, the organization and money? Almost 
all churches and synagogues today are primarily con- 
cerned with getting out the word, drawing people into 
a project the organization is sponsoring, or raising money 
— and money is a verv powerful medium of communica- 
tion as McLuhan points out, because' it enables so many 
to translate individual deeds and thoughts into a common 

All of these media are very intense, of very high 
definition, their nature extremely well delineated, their 
approach to the individual primarily concerned with fill- 
ing him in, rather than leaving blanks for him to fill 
in. The hot media of religion today, in their drive to 
be relevant, try primarily to relate the individual to the 
environment, not to himself or to another individual. 
The emphasis is not really on imaginative and spontane- 
ous participation but on a kind of participation which 
would be better called fitting in. 

Media cannot be cool when they approach human 
beings primarily for their usefulness. Worse, since the 

Rahbi Edwin H. Friedman '54 

media of communication are environments, religious 
media by their nature are teaching people to view other 
people for their relevance or use. 

TO put it all still a different way, dialogue is dead 
in the American religious community. For dialogue 
connotes the willingness of two or more people to 
desire mutually a flow of words unhindered by ulterior 
purposes. True dialogue is in essence, plain talk, recipro- 
cal listening and expressing with neither feeling he is 
there out of obligation, duty or favour, but out of the 
desire to be with and hear what the other person has to 
say as well as to want him to hear what you have to say. 
Indeed, even dialogue has been put to use, so that it 
means in the religious community — better understanding 
between Christian and Jew. How relevant! But is it more 
important than for Jew and Christian each to under- 
stand himself? 

Without dialogue in our lives valuable opportunities 
are thrown away for sensitizing ourselves to the human 
condition and being awed at the complexity of being 
human. Without dialogue we lose opportunities for be- 
coming more aware of ourselves and others, both as Jews 
or as Christians, and as human beings. I am talking about 
the depth of the sense of being human that can only 
come from sensing humanness in another and knowing 
he has sensed this in you. I am talking about the inter- 

And I do believe that dialogue is dead between Jew 
and Jew and between Christian and Christian. That is, 
the art of either Jews or Christians meeting among them- 
selves to talk to one another without someone having 
created the occasion for the purpose of getting someone 
to do something, is lost. I think the eff^ect on Jews and 
Christians must be therefore to view Jewishness or 
Christianity as essentially an obligation, the meaning of 
being Jewish or Christian becomes to serve causes, and 
Judaism or Christianity itself is therefore one more in- 
strument to be applied, as one uses the proper technique 
to get something done. Religion in its concern for rele- 
vance has become too concerned with answers. Answers 
are hot; questions are cool. 

The acceleration of change brought about by the 
electronic age is geometric. The past recedes in quicken- 
ing periods of time. Uses of the past must therefore be 
viewed with suspicion. But the present also becomes 
much more quickly the past. The concerns of the present 
are therefore flirtatious. They promise more than they 
can give. Only you are permanent within your lifetime. 
Time, that is the only absolute. To be made meaningful 
it doesn't have to be filled. 

If religion is to meet the challenge of change, it must 
be cooled down; it must back off relevance — not for the 
refuge of escape — but to give human beings time. 

Finally, if someone approaches you later and asks, 
"What was said in Chapel this morning?" and you find 
that you cannot summarize it, don't worry. If on the other 
hand, you can, say in two or three sentences, you may 
have missed the point. 



Varied Worlds 

From inside-front cover 

longer rely on community support 
and tuitions." 

Then, a bit wistfully, he added: 

"We're one of the last of our kind." 

President Strickler isn't apprehen- 
sive about the possibility of political 
pressures should U of L affiliate with 
the University of Kentucky. 

"There's an old academic saving 
that it doesn't matter how you get 
monev, vou work hard for it. There 
are many pressures and disadvantag- 
es that come with accepting private 

He enjoys talking with student 
groups, \'alues and appreciates their 

"Many of the students' suggestions 
are very good. I think we have need- 
ed a little pressure to convince us that 
certain things are more important to 
the students than we thought." 

He's a great admirer of today's 

"They're different from their fa- 
thers. They're more serious, more 
lively, have fresher ideas and more 
inquiring minds. It's not a question 
of higher IQ. Today's student has to 
prove he's smarter to get in and stav 
in school." 

President Strickler feels students 
are searching not only for meaningful 
college experiences, but looking for 
an opportunity to do meaningful 
tasks while in college. 

"I think this kind of interest can 
be tremendously helpful to colleges 
and universities if the institutions 
will permit and encourage communi- 
cation between students, faculty and 
all groups making up the organiza- 

Rebels? Strickler thinks not. "To- 
day's student is just less apt than his 
predecessors to accept established 
goals and procedures simply because 
they seemed to be adequate in the 

Strickler is the product of a "plain 
folks" Pennsylvania upbringing. He 
was born in Columbia, Pa. of Men- 
nonite parents and reared in nearby 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

Though no longer a practicing 
Mennonite, the influences of his 
background have left their mark on 

his person and personality. He dress- 
es simply. His preference tends to- 
ward conservatively cut brown suits 
and dark ties. 

An undergraduate at Bucknell 
University in Levvisburg, Pa., he did 
graduate work in public utilities oper- 
ation and management at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania and at North- 
western University. 

It was while at Northwestern that 
he met his wife, Florence. They have 
no children. 

After Northwestern, he worked for 
a while as a staff member on the Illi- 
nois Commerce Commission, did a 
stint with a Chicago advertising firm, 
and . . . some part-time teaching. 

Once bitten by the academic bug, 
he never recovered. 

"One day I was talking to the 
chairman of the economics depart- 
ment at Northwestern and he men- 
tioned that the University of Louis- 
\'ille was looking for an economics 
instructor. I v\'rote and asked for the 
job and they hired me." 

Strickler went into the adminis- 
tration side of things at U of L in 
1941 when he became director of the 
Department of Cooperative Educa- 

After three years in the Navy, he 
returned in 1946 as director of the 
Division of Adult Education. This 
division has since become University 

In 1952, shordy after Dr. Philip 
Davidson became president, Strickler 
was named vice-president. A few 
years later he moved up to executive 
vice president. 

Educated mainly in urban-oriented 
universities, Strickler is strong in his 
contention that these metropolitan- 
centered institutions are the wave of 
the future in American higher educa- 

"Just look at the tremendous job 
being done by schools like the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, Western Reserve 
in Cleveland and by those schools in 
the enormous educational complexes 
in New York and Los Angeles." 

He is equally clear-eyed and beau- 
tifully articulate on a university's re- 
sponsibility to its students. The pur- 
pose of a college education, he says, 

1. To give a student an under- 

standing of the world in which he 
lives by helping him explore the 
reason he thinks and reacts in cer- 
tain ways to social, political and cul- 
tural concepts and circumstances. 

2. To pass on knowledge from 
one generation to another by giving 
him skill to perform competently in 
his chosen field of work or profession. 

3. To develop a sense of values 
that will enable him to act as a re- 
sponsible citizen in determining and 
evaluating present and future goals. 

JPM Sold 

An industry that began on a small 
scale and operated for some time in a 
rented garage in Lewisburg, then 
moved on to a scale of operations that 
was nationwide, has been sold to 
Harvard Industries — a coast-to-coast 
company dealing in electronic equip- 

The company is JPM, originated 
by Jay P. Mathias '35, recendy nom- 
inated by Alumni as a member of the 
board of trustees. Operated in con- 
junction with brothers Earl '39 and 
Roy '39, JPM moved in 1960 into a 
modern plant located just north of 
Lewisburg on Route 15. 

Jay, who is known to Bucknellians 
for his long service to the University 
as president of the Bison Club, will 
remain as president of the firm. Earl 
will serve as vice president and Roy 
will continue his service as secretary- 
treasurer. The Mathias brothers ex- 
plained the liaison as a forward step 
for the economic growth of the firm. 

As a subsidiary of Harvard Indus- 
tries, JPM will continue to be used 
for existing product lines, as well as 
for specialized wire, cable and other 
assembly work for its electronic prod- 
uct and systems programs. JPM pro- 
duces a variety of wire, cable and 
harnesses primarily for commercial 
use by major computer manufactur- 
ers. Jay started the company in June 
1949 selling tone arm leads for rec- 
ord changers. 

Harvard Industries is principally 
engaged in the design and manufac- 
ture of diversified electronic and elec- 
tro-mechanical systems and equip- 
ment with special emphasis in fre- 
quency control and stabilization at 
the microwave frequencies. 




This past year has been a busy one 
for Earl Wilson, Jr. '65 — a man of 
many and varied talents in the world 
of music. 

The singer-composer won critical 
acclaim at his nightclub debut at La 
Maisonette in New York City in 
May. Vincent Canby in the New 
York Times noted that Earl's baritone 
voice "comes throuoh best in his own 


numbers. One of these, 'When I Was 
a Child,' is particularly effective, a 
gentle rueful, contemporary folk bal- 
lad about a soldier who decides he no 
longer wants to play with guns. As 
are all of his best numbers, it is deliv- 
ered in soft, sweet tones that are not 

Bucknellians may have caught 
Earl's guest TV appearances on the 
Mike Douglas Show, the Joey Bish- 
op Show, the Merv Grifhn Show, the 
Pat Boone Show or with Jackie Glea- 
son or Ed Sullivan. Earl also records 
for the Mercury label and his first 
album is simply titled "This is Earl 
Wilson, Jr." A single, "Wait Until 
Dark," is the title song of the Audrey 
Hepburn movie. 

Bucknellians who want to see Earl 
perform may note this schedule: 
Latin Casino, Camden, N. J., two 
weeks beginning Oct. 21; Shamrock 
Hilton, Houston, Tex., Nov. 7-21; 
and La Maisonette, New York City, 
opening on Nov. 25. 

Earl is married to a classmate, the 
former Susan Bauer '65. He was the 
star of several Cap and Dagger musi- 
cal productions at Bucknell and a 
member of the Glee Club and Mixed 
Chorus. He combined talents with 
Joseph VanRiper, Jr. '65, now the 
M. C. of a morning radio show in 
Alexandria, Va., and Judith Town- 
send '65, now Mrs. Stephen B. Lax- 
ton '65, in a folk music trio known 
as "The City Folk." The group ap- 
peared in 1964 on a C. B. S. TV 
show hosted by Rudy Vallee and sang 
folk music composed by Earl. They 
also recorded an album for Twentieth 
Century Fox, but the trio dissolved 
after graduation. Earl serving for two 
years with the National Guard. 

A composer of music and a mem- 
ber of the American Society of Com- 
posers, Authors and Publishers since 

Earl Wilson, jr. '65 

the age of 14, Earl worked briefly in 
the music department of Twentieth 
Centurv Fox and wrote the title sono 
for Gretchen Wyler's TV show, "Step 
This Way." He also composed the 
music for an album "West Dies East." 

While Earl pursues his career as 
composer-singer. Sue continues her 
graduate studies at Hunter College 
and is a facultv member of the Hunt- 
er College High School. 

The Wilsons reside at 86-35 
Queens Blvd., Elmhurst, N. Y. 

William R. Rave '46 

IBM Executive 

William R. Rave '46 has been 
named to the newly created position 
of vice president, Field Support, in 
the Field Engineering Division of In- 
ternational Business Machines Cor- 
poration. He is responsible for the 
division's technical and educational 
support functions for customer en- 
gineers, who install and maintain 
IBM's data processing products. 

Mr. Rave, who joined IBM in 1947 
as a customer engineer, has held a 
number of engineering and manage- 
ment positions before being named 
to his current position. He received 
his B.S. degree in electrical engineer- 
ing from Bucknell and served as a 
commissioned officer in the U. S. 
Navy during World War II. 

The new vice president is married 
to the former Miriam Evans '48, and 
they have four children. A son, Wil- 
liam C, is a member of Bucknell's 
Class of 1971. 

The Raves reside at Buck Hill 
Lane, Pound Ridge, N. J. 

To Build Hospital 

Dr. Nicholas A. Lorusso '37, for- 
merly of Wilkes-Barre, has joined 
about 30 other physicians who have 
contracted to build a 120-bed general 
hospital in Las Vegas. 

The institution will be called Doc- 
tors Hospital, Inc., and will be built 
on a 10-acre plot of land in the West 
Charleston area at a cost of about 
$2,250,000, according to Dr. Lorusso. 

The hospital will be planned to ex- 
pand with the needs of the Las Ve- 
gas area up to 1,000 beds. 

Dr. Lorusso has been practicing in 
southern Nevada for more than 1 1 
years and previously practiced in 

A graduate of St. Marys High 
School, Bucknell Junior College, 
Bucknell University, and Loyola Uni- 
versity School of Medicine, he in- 
terned at Wilkes-Barre General Hos- 
pital and had surgical residency at 
Mercy Hospital, Wilkes-Barre. He 
has been board qualified in general 

At present, Dr. Lorusso is associat- 
ed with Dr. John C. Cherry, who 
was former administrator of South- 



ern Nevada Memorial Hospital. 

Dr. Lorusso is married to the for- 
mer Mary Petruzzini. They reside at 
1112 South Highland Drive, Las Ve- 
gas, Nev. 

Insurance Executive 

The Board of Directors of National 
Variable Annuity Company of Flor- 
ida has elected Fred D. Kemery '58 
second vice president of the company. 

Mr. Kemery will be responsible for 
the administrative operation of the 
company's home office, in the areas of 
policv issue, premium accounting, 
agency accounting, policyholder ser- 
vice and management services. 

For the past two and one-half 
years, Mr. Kemery has served as di- 
rector of Administrative Services for 
National Variable Annuity Company 
of Florida. Prior to that time, he held 
the position of assistant manager of 
Premium Accounting for Acacia Mu- 
tual Life Insurance Company in 
Washington, D. C. 

Upon graduation from Bucknell 
University with a B.S. degree in 
commerce and finance, Mr. Kemery 
was a finance officer in the U. S. 
Army and currently holds a commis- 
sion as Captain in the reserves. He is 
a member of the American Manage- 
ment Association, and has a broad 
background in administration, per- 
sonnel and insurance. 

Fred lives with his wife, Chris, 
and their two sons at 5377 Floral 
Avenue, Jacksonville, Florida. 

Fred D. Kemery '58 

Charles A. Stranse '44 

Bank Official 

Charles A. Strange '44 has been 
appointed an assistant vice president 
in the Corporate Finance Depart- 
ment of Bankers Trust Company, 
New York. 

Mr. Strange joined Bankers Trust 
in February of this year. Formerly he 
was engaged in the marketing and 
engineering consulting field. He re- 
ceived his B.S. degree in mechanical 
engineering at Bucknell and earned 

o o 

an M.B.A. from the Columbia Uni- 
versity Graduate School of Business 
Administration. He served in the U. 
S. Naval Reserve from 1944 to 1946. 

Mr. Strange is a member of the 
Milford, Connecticut Fourth District 
High School Building Committee and 
the Republican Town Committee. 
He was an alternate delegate to the 
Connecticut Republican State Con- 
vention. He is a member of the Co- 
lumbia University Club of New 
York; the Huguenot Society of Amer- 
ica, New York; the Milford Yacht 
Club; the American Legion, and the 
Society of Plastics Engineers. 

Charles and his wife, the former 
Nancy Danenhower '44, live at 2 
Rock Road, Morningside, Milford, 
Connecticut. They ha\e two daugh- 
ters, Susan '67 (Mrs. Warren Azano) 
and Phyllis. 

New Judge 

Richard T. Wentley, Esq. '53, has 
been named by Governor Raymond 
Shafer to an interim term as judge 
in Allegheny County's Juvenile 
Court. The appointment runs until 
January 1970 and requires confirma- 
tion by the State Senate. 

A partner in the law firm of Thorp, 
Reed and Armstrong, Judge Wentley 
is a graduate of University of Pitts- 
burgh's Law School. He is a co-au- 
thor of a legal article dealing with 
the Family Court system and served 
as co-chairman of a seminar on the 
Family Court and Court Consolida- 

He is a member of the Committee 
on Judicial Administration of the 
Pennsylvania Bar Association, the 
Committee on Court Facilities of the 
Allegheny Bar Association, and a 
member of the Academy of Trial 

A native of Pittsburgh, Judge 
Wentley lives with his wife, Jane; 
sons, David, 9 and Christopher, 3, 
and daughter, Anne, 8, at 214 North 
Falconhurst Drive, Pittsburgh 15238. 


W. Dale Hay '49 has been elected vice 
president-corporate affairs and assistant sec- 
retary of Allegheny Airlines. He will be 
responsible for tax administration, share- 
holder relations and general corporate mat- 
ters. Dale has been with Allegheny since 
1949. He is married to the former Norma 
Hunsinger '51. They have three children, 
and reside in Annandale, Va. 



Louis Robey of Bucknell 

Continued from hack cover 

which sailed in and out of Delaware Bay. Another sum- 
mer, he was camp councilor of a boys camp on Long 
Island conducted by St. Bartholomew's P. E. Church of 
Park Avenue, New York. He told me how the boys 
taught him to SA\'im that summer by pushing him off the 
dock into Long Island Sound. Another summer, he 
worked in the hot harvest fields of a Maryland farm. 

No wonder Louis Robey appreciated his Bucknell 
education. He worked for it! 

HE was making excellent grades also; so good, in 
fact, that when I had the pleasure of installing 
the Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa at Bucknell in 
1938, over thirty vears after Louis Robey had been 
graduated from Bucknell, he was one of only a dozen 
alumni selected by the Bucknell Faculty to be awarded 
the Phi Beta Kappa as representatives of all previous 
classes. Upon graduation in 1904 he was urged by one 
of his professors to take a summer course in teaching at 
the University of Michigan, and he ser^'ed as an in- 
structor in Latin and Greek at Bucknell for a year or two. 
Thus he saved up enough money to enter the University 
of Pennsylvania Law School. He received his law degree 
there promptly and with honors. He was recruited upon 
graduation into one of the leading lav\' firms of Phila- 
delphia, that headed by the late Senator George Wharton 
Pepper. Many years later, when I was president of Buck- 
nell, I became acquainted with Senator Pepper, and I 
said to him in a casual conversation, "I have a greeting 
for you from Louis Robey who v\'as a young law graduate 
in your office many years ago and who is now associated 
with me in business. Do you remember him?" Senator 
Pepper looked at me in amazement. He said, "Do I 
remember Louis? How can I ever forget him? He is 
without a doubt the most unforgettable young law grad- 
uate I ever had in my office. Please give him my love." 

After a brief apprenticeship, Louis opened a law 
office with one or two other voung lawyers and built up 
a brisk legal practice. 

In the 1920's, he was elected to the Board of Trustees 
at Bucknell and served as a trustee for several years. He 
was also the Secretary of the Board of Trustees for a 
period of years. 

MEANWHILE he was not content to be merely a 
practicing law\'er; he and some associates founded 
a bank on the Main Line in a Philadelphia resi- 
dence area and also formed a savings and loan society. 

Louis was a born teacher. He loved to teach and 
knew how to teach successfully. During his years in 
I Philadelphia, he taught a course in real estate law at 
' Temple University and wrote a text-book for the course 
which remained in use for manv years. He also taught 
a course in the law school of the University of Pennsyl- 

He was happily married to a beautiful girl, Effie Derr 
of Muncy, Pennsylvania. They had a happy life together 
for over 30 vears until Mrs. Robey died in 1957. 

Louis Robey and I became acquainted during the 
mid-20's; I had been asked to direct tv\'0 or three cam- 
paigns for Bucknell Uni\ersitv; first for the stadium and 
then for the endowment and a women's dormitor)'. Louis 
Robe)' had been the Philadelphia chairman of each of 
the campaigns, and as such, he and I worked closely 
tooether in behalf of Bucknell. I became aware of his 
love and loyalty for Bucknell, his willingness to serve 
and his effectiveness in performing the technical and 
leadership duties of a fund-raising program. 

ON his side, he had become fascinated by public 
relations and fund-raising methods used success- 
fully to obtain large gifts to colleges. And still 
more, he had been captivated by the realization that here 
was a new type of life-work by which a man could make 
use of many qualities of energy, leadership, organization, 
instruction and inspiration to strengthen scores of educa- 
tional, humanitarian, spiritual and cultural forces and 
institutions which would help to create a better America 
and a better world — a "brotherhood of man under the 
Fatherhood of God." He had spoken to me about this 
vision of a new life career from time to time during our 
friendship. And at an appropriate moment after Louis had 
lost his sa\'ings and business in the general collapse of the 
early 1930 period, I asked him if he would care to join 
Mr. Lundy and me in the firm of Marts and Lund}', Inc. 
He discussed this with Mrs. Robey, who agreed and, 
in 1931, Louis Robey started his outstanding career as a 
fund-raising counselor. He became vice president of 
Marts & Lundy, Inc. and an equal partner in our firm 
with Mr. Lundy and myself. In his new career he proved 
to be one of the ablest men in organizing and directing 
major fund-raising programs. Bevond that he also proved 
to be an outstanding teacher of new staff members. 

LOUIS ROBEY lo\ed Bucknell, and honored it. 
When he retired as the active vice president of 
Marts and Lundy, Inc., our company desired to 
establish a suitable memorial for him, and asked him to 
select the kind of memorial he would prefer. He chose 
to have endowed at Bucknell an annual Louis Robey 
Prize to be awarded to the graduate of each class who 
would be selected as the voung man or young lady 
judged to meet the standards which he outlined. 

The prize was set up and Louis took much pleasure 
each year in learning of the Louis Robey Prize recipient. 

Dr. Rf)bc\' passed away on June 28, 1968. When his 
will was read, it was revealed that he had left a substan- 
tial endowment to Bucknell, the income from which is 
to be used for scholarship aid to worthy Bucknell students. 

Thus, the orphan boy from Baltimore has made it 
possible for se\'eral other ambitious youths to go to Buck- 
nell each year for long decades in the future, as Dr. 
McDowell helped him to go over sixty years ago. 





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Vision of Christ 

See page 5 



The subject on our cover, "Pris- 
oner," is the work of Mr. Wilham 
Lasansky, the newest member of the 
department of art. The work is sculp- 
ted in forged stainless steel and chain. 
Mr. Lasanskv, who received his 
M.F.A. degree in sculpture from the 
University of Iowa in 1964, will ex- 
hibit more of hi^ works during Re- 
union Weekend in June. 

The musician and performer at 
left and right are part of the special 
illustrations by Mrs. Mary Candland 
for the "Vision of Christ." Mrs. Cand- 
and was our cover artist for the Oc- 
tober 1968 issue. 

Cover fhoto by Pidph Laird 
and Bill Weist 


Varied Worlds of Bucknellians 

A Bridge Uniting Two Worlds = 

By William B. Weist '50 

Vision of Christ 

By John Wheatcroft '49 

Behind the Doors of Project Sesame 

The President and Congress 

By Raymond P. Underwood, Esq. '41 

Proposed Revisions to By-Laws 

The Domestic Brain Drain 

By Carolyn Meyer Smrcka '57 

Chapel Choir 

The Bucknell Alumnus 

Vol. LIV, No. 5 

'ublished by Bucknell University 
Lewisburg, Pa. 17837 

December, 1968 
Editor— William B. Weist '50 

Mrs. Douglas Candland 

Photos — Ralph Laird 

The Varied Worlds of Bucknellians 

Prize- Winning Journalist 

Outstanding news reporting by a 
Bucknell alumna has made one of 
the university's undergraduates, who 
aspires to a career in journaHsm, 
$1,000 richer. 

When Jean M. White '50, a Buck- 
nellian and a member of the Wash- 
ington Post staff, won a $500 award 
for a series of stories of particular 
interest to women, she became eligi- 
ble to select an undergraduate to re- 
ceive a $1,000 scholarship awarded 
each year by the Stanley Corporation 
of Westfield, Conn. 

Miss White asked the Bucknell 
faculty for names of students who 
should be considered for the award, 
and each student selected wrote to 
Miss White telling his reasons for 
seeking a career in journalism. She 
considered the letter from Lawrence 
B. Baker, editor of The BuckneUian, 
to be the most interesting, and rec- 
ommended him for the scholarship. 
Baker, a junior and a resident of 
Pittsburgh, was an intern member of 
the Pittshurgh Post-Gazette staff dur- 
ing the past summer. 

Miss White, a native of Williams- 
port, is a sumnia cunt laude graduate 
of Bucknell and received her B.A. 
degree with honors in English. She 
was a member of the BuckneUian 
and L'Agenda staffs at Bucknell. 

lean received her M.A. degree in 

journalism from Columbia Univer- 
sitv and was a Pulitzer traveling 
scholar in 1953. She has received 
several prizes for her journalistic 
ability, among them citations from 
the Washington Nev^'spaper Guild 
and the Women's Press Club. 

Her prize-winning story, "The 
Poor are Engulfing the Earth," was 
part of a series Jean wrote while 
covering something called "urban 
living." This included intensive re- 
search for stories on the population 
explosion and birth control Twhich 

Jean M. White '50 

won her the award), for another 
series on homosexualitv, and a third 
on water pollution. 

Earlier, Jean had covered art and 
cultural affairs for the Post — a giant 
step from the topics to which she now 
applies her skills. She notes, how- 
ever, that her role as a general assign- 
ment reporter "can take you any- 

In that roving assignment, Jean 
savs she tackles each story "from 
ignorance." She summarizes her ap- 
proach this way: "When you know 
too much about a subject — or think 
vou do — you tend not to ask the 
naive question that the public would 

It's that attitude which has made 
Jean M. White a prize-winning jour- 

President's Chef 

ED/TOR'S NOTE: The following 
article was written hy Judith Martin 
for The Washington Post of May 
14, 1968. 

The food may be humble at the 
White House chef's house, but so is 
the attitude. 

Henrv Haller went home to his 

wife's liver and bacon the other night 

after being honored by the Academy 

of Chefs of America for "culinary 

Turn to page 25 



'A Bridge Uniting 
Two Worlds' 

By William Weist '50 

This illustration of the Three Kings is hy an unknoxvn German 
artist and first appeared in the mid-fifteenth century. 

IT is as true of Piers Plowman, as it is of the Divine 
Comedy, that it is a bridge uniting two worlds. Like 
the work of Chaucer or Dante, Piers stands near the 
beginning of the modern vernacular tradition: a tradition 
of which Chaucer and Dante knew nothinp- It is written 
in a metre which was already old when Caedmon com- 
posed it in his Hymn of Creation, the Venerable Bede 
his Death Song, and some unknown poet his Dream of 
the Rood; the rhythm has by the Fourteenth Century 
adapted itself to a somewhat altered language, but the 
underlying principle is the same." * 

A poem that is "a bridge uniting two worlds"— some 
arch of tongues and meanings, some vehicle of words and 
knowledge— must have helped to diffuse, spread, share 
ideas, emotions and wisdom through time and space. And 
if it is true that Piers "is the one poem in the old allitera- 
tive metre which has never quite passed out of the con- 
sciousness of the English nation," ** then it is clear why 
a modern scholar-poet would seek to translate the many 
meanings of William Langland's Fourteenth Century 
vision into the idiom of today. 

*R. W. Chambers, Man's Unconquerable Mind, London, 1939, 
pp. 90-91. 

**Chambers, op. cit., p. 92. 

Dr. John S. Wheatcroft '49, scholar-poet and professor 
of English at Bucknell, long has had "a yen to translate 
the Middle-English alliterative verse into modern poetry, 
to structure the pieces of the Christ story into a coherent 
cycle, to shape the material into a partially dramatic 
mode." But "Project Piers" is not just an intellectual exer- 
cise, not merely the reflection of scholarly concern for the 
past. As a poet. Dr. Wheatcroft sees "spots of lyric glory" 
in the 7000-odd lines of Piers. And he recognizes the same 
urgent concern to explore religious (in the broad sense of 
the word) experience that has been observed in his most 
recent volume of poetry. Prodigal Son (Thomas Yoseloff, 
1967). "The whole vision is outrageously private and, 
since Langland had his own idiosyncratic ways of think- 
ing and feeling and imagining, forbiddingly disorganized. 
Lanoland's urgent concern about salvation, however, 
clearlv manifests itself in his re-telling the story of Christ 
—from the Annunciation and Nativity to the Crucifixion 
and Resurrection— in vision form and in a narrative-dra- 
matic idiom characteristic of Fourteenth Centurj' En- 
gland. These events are fragmented throughout the 

FRAGMENTED throughout the whole" is a key to 
the excerpt printed here — the Crucifixion scene from 
Dr. Wheatcroft's longer work, A Fourteenth Century 
Poefs VISION OF CHRIST. Based on William Lang- 
land's The Vision of William Concerning Piers the Plow- 
man, this modern rendering is "a poetic drama for voices 
and instruments," involving six solo voices, a chorus of 
about 40 voices, a poet-narrator, four dancers and an in- 
strumental group composed of such instruments as her- 
ald's trumpet and minstrel's harp. To achieve unity in 
the Christ story, Wheatcroft has taken the "fragments" in 
Langland's long poem and has freely "Englished" them 
in a modern idiom while recasting them in a different art 

All this is in the process of creation, still awaits its 
premier performance. But a modern poet has been moved 
to make contemporaneous the religious vision of a man 
whose work bridged the ages. 

That vision is not complete, however, until the musi- 
cal score is written which complements the poetry. How, 
then, does the composer "hear" this drama? 

EDWIN LONDON, associate professor of music at 
Smith College and director of the Smith-Amherst 
Orchestra, is a young composer whose published 
works ranoe from "Three Settings of Psalm XXIII" to a 
mime-opera, "Santa Claus." Presently a visiting lecturer 
at the School of Music, University of Illinois, he has 
served on the faculty of the Berkshire Music Center at 
Tanglewood, 1964; as a fellow of the Macdowell Colony, 
1965-66; and as composer-in-residence at the Cumming- 
ton School of the Arts, 1968 and 1966. He believes the 
composer will wish to characterize "the uniquely Lang- 
landish contemporaneity" of A Vision of Christ while 


l^«/^^t;ia«^ ^ J|c/ J)|^ua/ 





"underlining, iF only subliminally, its peculiarly pertinent 
present-day identity (its 'then-ness' as 'now-ness')-" 

But what of techniques, musical forms, instrumenta- 

Dr. London replies; "To do this will require cross- 
reference to musical techniques of the past (though our 
'concept of early music' is itself a projection made out of 
the needs of this age) framed, as it were, by an analogy 
with primitive sensibility: The spoken word, chant, song 
—in solo voices and choral apgregate— will mix with musi- 
cal instruments having their own histories, to play central 
roles in the tonal fabric. But in a present-day theatrical 
production, which does not eschew the use of lights and 
other technical means, perhaps the composer can call on 
procedures of electronic amplification and speaker place- 
ment, as well, indeed, as pre-recorded manipulated tape 
collage and sound synthesis, in order to better enter the 
poet's metaphor of a religious vision as appropriate for 
now as ever." 


HUS, poet and composer still labor to light Lang- 
land's Vision anew. None of it is an easy task. Text, 
score, staging, costuming, casting, direction, per- 
formance—all these elements must be creatively fused 
before Will Langland's religious experience becomes a 
part of today. 

Of Langland's life and work, scholars say that he 
was born about 1332 and that he wrote the first of three 
texts of Piers in 1355 while residing in London. Though 
much of the original poet's life is obscure, Langland 
appears to have been a member of the clergy. From the 
text of Piers, one scholar derives this description of the 
poet and his work: "He was tall, lean and eccentric in 
his conduct; and no doubt appeared singular to his con- 

"It was this man who wrote Piers Plowman— a poem 
which, while it portrays the people and the manner of its 
time, is something much more. It is a great human 
biography— the cry of a soul in doubt, distress and per- 
plexity. And it is indeed strange that this view of the 
poem has not, up to the present time, been more fully 
realized." *** 

Here then is something of the two poets, the composer, 
the original poem and the new poetic drama with music. 
The following excerpt from Wheatcroft's Vision is itself 
taken out of the context of the music-drama in which it 
attains its larger meaning. But we share it with you at 
this season of the year because we believe even this partial 
rendering makes clear its larger meaning for our age of 
"doubt, distress and perplexity." 

* Allen H. Bright, New Light on Piers Plowman, London, 1950, 
p. 78. 


a^u^ ^5t 









The Crucifixion Scene from 
A Fourteenth Century Poet's 


By John Wheatcroft '49 

CHORUS MEN (Chanting) 

I hursday at Nightfall 

this knioht was nabbed nauohtilv; 

o o . 

through Judas was jeopardized — 

Lord Jesus his name. 
POET (Chorus murmuring under his voice) 
Then came Pontius Pilate, 

with a mad mess of people, 
to judge between Jesus 

and the rabbis the right. 

A Poetic Drama for Voices and Instruments 
Based on William Langland's 

The Vision of William Concerning 
Piers The Plowman 


The robber Barabbas — 

now pardon, parole him! 

This Nazarene threatened 

to trample our Temple, 
one day to destroy it. 

You must doom him to death! 

Crucify him! 


cried a captain; 


I warrant him a witch. 


Nail him up, nail him up! 


veiled another cruel knave. 
And of keen cutting thorns 

he thatched a thonged crown; 
like a garland then laid it 

on our Lord, and he laughed. 
Sharp reeds in the Savior 

those rascals then rammed; 
thev tacked him up naked 

A pole dipped in poison 

bid him drink his death wine. 

with nails on the tree, 
thev pressed to his lips, 
jesus drank his full doom. 

If you truly be Christ, 

King's son, as 3'ou claim, 
and if you be subtle, 

now save vour own self, 
come down from that cross. 

Then can we confess 
that life loves vou dearly, 

will not let vou die. 


Consummation est. 

cried Christ 

and commenced then to swoon. 

Piteously and pale, 

like a poor prisoner dving, 
the Lord of life and lioht 


his eyes together laid. 

B Version, Passus XVIII, 25-45 

In Piers paltok the Plow-man • this priker shal ryde; 
For no dynte shal hym dere • as in deitaie patris.' 
' Who shal luste with lesus ? ' quod I • ' luwes or scribes ? ' 
' ' Nay,' quod he, ' the foule fende • and Fals-dome and Deth. 38 
Deth seith he shal fordo • and adown brynge 
Al that lyueth or loketh • in londe or in watere. 
Lyf se}th that he likth • and leyth his lif to wedde, 
That for al that Deth can do • with-in thre dayes, 3 a 

To walke and fecche fro the fende ' Piers fruite the Plovvman, 
And legge it there hym lyketh • and Lucifer bynde, 
And forbete and adown brynge • bale and deth for euere : 
O mors, ero mors tua ! 
Thanne cam Pilatus with moche peple ■ sedens pro tribunali, 
To se how doughtilich Deth sholde do • and deme her botheres rijte. 
The luwes and the Justice • ajeine lesu thei were, 38 

And al her courte on hym cryde • crudfige sharpe. 
Tho put hym forth a piloure • bifor Pilat, and seyde, 40 

' This lesus of owre lewes temple • Taped and dispised. 




This was the cutting of care's knot, 

the commencing of rest. 

Agnus— Instrumental 

The da\' for dread withdrew 

Walls wibbled and wobbled 
Dead men bv the din 

and dark became the sun. 
and all the world quaked. 

were drummed up from their graves. 


A corpse told why that tempest 

a long time endured : 


(Hooded, stepping onto stage) 
For a bitterly fought batde 

between life, between death 

rages in this rain swirl — 
No man shall know for sure 
before Sunday at sunrise. 

one shall ruin the other, 
which shall be the master 


Then sank back in earth. 

Some said he was God's son 

so softly to die. 

CHORUS MEN (Chanting) 
Some called him a witch. 

BASS IN CHORUS (Chanting) 

Wise we weigh whether 
he be full dead or not 

before we unnail him. 


Two thieves then they lofted 

And a captain came forth 
But no baron was bold 
For Christ was a knight, 
There came, though, a squire, 
Longinus, our lore says, 
Before soldiers and citizens 
unv\'ittin2 was handed 

alongside our Liege Lord, 
and cracked those churls' bones, 
to handle his flesh, 
courageous, a King's son. 
with a keen spitted spear, 
who had long lacked his sight, 
he was led unsuspecting, 
a weapon to wield. 

B Version, Passus XVIII, 25-45 

To fordone it on o day • and in thre dayes after 
Edefye it eft newe • (here he stant that seyde it) 
And jit maken it as moche • in al manere poyntes, 
' Botha as longe and as large • bi loft and by grounde.' 



' Crucifigel quod a cacchepolle • ' I warante hym a wicche ! ' 

' Tolle, tolle I ' quod an other • and toke of kene themes, 

And bigan of kene thorne • a gerelande to make, 

And sette it sore on his had • and seyde in envya, 

' A ue, rabby 1 ' quod that ribaude • and threw redes at hym, 

Naillad hym with thre nailles • naked on the rode, 

And poysoun on a pole • thai put vp to his lippes, 

And bade hym drynka his deth-yual • his dayes ware ydone. 

' And jif that thow sotil be ■ help now thi-seluan, 

If thow be Cryst, and kyngas sona • coma downa of the rode ; 




a lance in his left hand 

for injuring Jesus. 
This boy who was blind 

pierced our Lord through the loins. 

Kyrie— Instrumental 

Blood sprung by that shaft 

unspeared the lad's eyes. 
To his knees fell that squire, 

sore sighing he spoke: 


My will never willed 

that 1 wound you, my Master. 
This wrong I have wrought — 

already I rue it. 
With pity and pardon 

now shower me, Savior. 


For the first time rained tears 

from his radiant eyes. 


The Musicimr in the Dance of Death, an early 
fifteenth century rendering. 

Many ladies so lovely, 
then swooned as if dead 


many knights so beloved 

for death's dints they sorrowed. 

And lo! how the sun 

locked up all her light 
for the sight of him suffering 

who made sun and stars. 

CHORUS (Chanting) 
The earth for the heaviness 

he had to heave under 
quaked like a quick thing, 

the very rocks quivered. 

CHORUS MEN (Chanting) 
No, Hell could not hold 

for the hurt of him hanging. 

Now shall Lucifer believe, 

full loth though he be, 
that Jesus the Giant 

engendered an engine 
to batter and beat him 

who bore off the fruit. 

See, a spirit speaks Hellward, 

a sound swathed in light. 

Fanfare— Herald's Call 

Proud prince of this place, 

unpin these speared gates! 
Here comes for his kinsmen 

that King who is Glory. 

CHORUS MEN (Chanting) 
Then sighing sad Satan 

spoke to his gang: 




Brian Bradley, at left, is a mitiiature artist at work, 
carefully paiiiting facial features on a -papier-mache head 
sculpted from a light bidb. The head is one of several 
figures Brian and his classmates designed in the 
SESAME A summer arts and crafts class. 

of Project Sesame 

Dr. William L. Goodwin of the department of education faculty 
at Bucknell is the regional coordinator of all SESAME activities. 

Finger-painting with a brush? joey Opie pauses, during 
summer SESAME A classes held in Shamokin, to re- 
move some paint from her hands. 

WHILE the goals of a University are many, per- 
haps the ways in which these goals are achieved 
are even more numerous and varied. At Buck- 
nell, a unique organization associated with the depart- 
ment of education is currently assisting the University 
in its efforts to provide stimulating teaching and training 
while simultaneously offering new and exciting learning 
opportunities to the 53,000 elementary and secondary 
students and 2,300 professional staff members in schools 
surrounding Bucknell. The organization is known as 
Project SESAME (Susquehanna ESEA Svnergetic Ac- 
tivities and Multi-Innovative Experiences). The doors 
which it has opened to both Bucknellians and regional 
inhabitants are many. 

Unlike the crvptic connotations surrounding the 
magical cave, SESAME's name convevs directly its aims 
and objectives. The organization, funded under Title 
III of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education 
Act, brings Bucknell into close contact with the 18 
school districts, as well as the non-public schools, in 
Columbia, Montour, Northumberland, Snyder, and 
Union Counties in the Susquehanna Valley. The project 
coordinates innovative, experimental, and curriculum 
programs in elementary and secondary school systems in 
this region. Its primary aim is to improve opportunities 
for pupil learning, often by means of stimulating pro- 
fessional staff. 


In attempting to accomplish this aim, SESAME 
draws upon student and faculty resources at Bucknell. 
In turn, through working on the various SESAME pro- 
grams underway in area schools, collegians gain informa- 
tion and direct experience in\aluable in careers as teachers 
and researchers. Both graduate degree candidates and 
undergraduates are given opportunities to explore new 
instructional procedures and materials, to design and 
conduct controlled research experiments, and to work 
closelv with students and teachers on programs designed 
to meet the needs of the local, rural-oriented schools. In 
addition, SESAME's invohement with all the schools 
in the region provides unique opportunities for Bucknell 
professors to test hypotheses or conduct studies related 
to their own research, with the ultimate purpose of en- 
hancing their instructional skills and professional devel- 

These are the main purposes of the project, but, more 
specifically, what "doors" has SESAME opened for those 
involved in its programs? Behind three of them are 
programs that are completely regional in scope. 

FIRST, SESAME supports the teaching focus of Buck- 
nell Uni\'ersity by pro\iding high-qualitv, inservice 
learning experiences for educators in the five-county 
region. This phase of the project has been termed Se- 
questered SESAME; the inservice learning sessions are 
held in the retreat (or sequestered) setting of Timber- 
ha\'en Conference Center near Lewisburg or at other 
settings, such as restaurants or district schools. In addition 
to state and national consultants, Bucknell professors, 
including Dr. William L. Goodwin, a member of Buck- 
nelFs department of education faculty and regional co- 
ordinator for SESAME activities. Dr. Harold W. Heine 
(department of chemistry). Dr. William H. Heiner 

(department of education). Dr. Da\id J. Lu (depart- 
ments of history and Japanese studies). Dr. Hugh F. 
McKeegan (department of education). Dr. J. William 
Moore (department of education), and Dr. John S. 
Wheatcroft '49 (department of English), have played 
an acti\e role in conducting the sessions. 

Another opportunit)' for inservice learning occurs 
through the SESAME project known as SESAME G 
(Susquehanna ESEA Svnergetic Activities for Maximal- 
involvement via Educational Games). It proposes to equip 
teachers with the knowledge and skills needed to design 
highly motivational learning acti\ities (often called edu- 
cational games). After diagnosis of student needs and 
the establishment of objecti\'es for the pupils, the appro- 
priate use of such acti\'ities in the classroom can increase 
student interest and enjoyment in the learning process 
and, for certain types of learning, can enable students to 
learn more effectively and efficiently. The design and 
construction of educational games and simulations also 
offer excellent opportunities for in\'olvement on the part 
of professional staff. 

Large numbers of both elementary and secondary 
teachers in the region attended Phase I workshops spon- 
sored by SESAME G this summer and fall. Staffed by 
area teachers trained in game construction, the workshops 
included instruction in the principles of game design, 
demonstration of several commercial and locally-developed 
games, opportunities for game construction, and actual 
game plav. They also provided a structure in which to 
explore more effecti\-e wavs of working with teachers. 

Title I programs assisted hy SESAME provide opportunities for 
Bucknell students to work on an individual basis with students. 
Above, Jane Goldsmith '69 and Crystal Cupp explore the horizons 
opened by books in the Warrior Run tutorial program. At right, 
Cindy Helgren '69 and Randy Bieber work on reading exercises 
in hall of Warrior Run school. Facilities were crowded dtiring 
program, and many unique settings for learning were used. 



At right, Marjorie Johnson, a SESAME A music student from 
Selinsgrove, learns by listening in BiicknelVs "Dial Access" sys- 
tem. By dialing different numhers on the system, pupils were able 
to listen to a series of tapes on musical theory and application. 
Below, Professor Allen Flock, department of music, reviews a 
videotape of Joseph Kimbel, Danville, conducting a choral ar- 
rangement. Young man learns by looking with teacher so that 
suggestions for improvement can he made. 

DURING the school vear, locally-developed games 
will be tested in classroom settings, evaluated, and 
modified. SESAME G staff members, assisted by 
graduate students, will be traveling to area schools to help 
teachers construct and incorporate such motivational 
learning activities into their curricula. They will also 
work on a continuing basis with certain groups of teach- 
ers, who will then serve as "games representatives," en- 
lightening others in their districts as to the uses and 
values of educational games. 

A second "door" opened by SESAME uses the knowl- 
edge and skills of Bucknell students and professors to 
provide consultative assistance for regional schools on 
Title I, ESEA, programs for the educationally-disadvan- 
taged child. Bucknell personnel furnish special aid in 
the design, evaluation, and analysis of Title I programs. 
For example, a Title I, summer prc-school program in the 
Warrior Run School District was locally planned, devel- 
oped, and evaluated by Dr. Goodwin, assisted by a state 
consultant, district teachers, and graduate students in 
educational research. A Title I tutorial program similarly 
offered opportunities for individualized instruction for 
Warrior Run pupils as well as teaching experiences for 
University students. Under the direction of Dr. William 
Heiner, Bucknell juniors majoring in elementary educa- 
tion worked on a one-to-one basis with students having 
reading difficulties. The boundaries of the classroom did 
not serve as constraints for this program; as building 
facilities v^-ere extremely crowded, tutors utilized all avail- 
able settings, and the hallowed halls of learning included 
broom closets and a boiler room. 

Teachers are thus not the only ones to whom 
SESAME has brought new "doors" for discovery. The 
third regional project, SESAME A (Susquehanna ESEA 
Synergetic Activities for Multi-expressional Experiences 
in the Arts), coordinated by Mr. Irvin R. Rubincam, is 
especially geared to offer unique learning activities to 
students by providing opportunities for creative experi- 
ences in the arts. During the school year, SESAME A 
sponsors professional fine arts presentations and exhibits 
at district schools, in cooperation with civic groups, such 
as the Susquehanna Valley Association for the Arts. In 
the summer, classes covering such areas as music, art, 
creatix'c drama, photography, graphic arts, fashion design, 
ceramics, and creative writing are offered at several cen- 
ters in the region. Miniature musicians and adolescent 
artists have been a familiar sight on the Bucknell campus 
during the summers of 1967 and 1968, and Bucknell 
professors, such as Mr. Allen W. Flock of the Music 
Department, have proved to be as stimulating with ele- 
mentary school students as collegians. Susquehanna Uni- 
versity and Bloomsburg State College have also been 
active in this phase of the program. These unique settings 
on college campuses have given stature and maturity to 
the young people v\'ho have attended. 

ANOTHER learning experience in the Uni\ersity 
setting is offered to gifted secondary students in 
Bucknell's SaturdaA* Morning Enrichment Pro- 
gram. Begun in the earh' 1960's under a Ford Foundation 
Grant, the program is now coordinated by SESAME per- 
sonnel and funded by the students themselves, by their 
local boards of education, or bv some combination of these 
two sources. Over 90 students from the five-county region 
are currently attending classes in Great Works of Litera- 
ture, taught by Mr. Manuel Duque of the English de- 
partment; Psychology, taught by Dr. J. Ernest Keene of 
the psychology department; and Cybernetics, taught b\- 
Dr. Vadim Drozin of the physics department. 



In addition to these regional programs, the individu- 
ality of the participating districts is reflected in a final 
"door" which SESAAIE has opened for both Bucknell 
and district schools, a door to educational innovation. 
Located in each district is an "innovative sub-program"; 
these programs are coordinated efforts between SESAME 
staff, Bucknell professors and students, and local district 
personnel. Thev invoh'e activities which are new or 
innovati\'e for the district concerned and are designed to 
meet high priority educational needs of that district. 

The districts with their respective sub-programs in- 
clude: Benton and iMillville, the use of teacher aides to 
allow increased teacher time with slov\' learners; Berwick, 
the development of materials and instructional procedures 
to encourage creative thought and discovery learning: 
Bloomsburg and Central Columbia, development of an 
enrichment program for gifted elementary students; Dan- 
ville, development of a research and instruction unit; 
Lewisburo and Milton, de\'eIopment of a continuous 

SESAME G prepares teachers to design and use motivational 
learning activities, through a series of workshops involving dis- 
cussion, demonstrations and actual game play. 

progress instructional program (the Milton program, 
initially financed by the Ford Foundation and the local 
district and given direction by Bucknell professors work- 
ing with Dr. Moore, has been expanded to encompass 
new subject areas and grade levels since its current fund- 
ing under Title III); Line Mountain, development of 
procedures for effective utilization of bus transportation 
time; Middleburg (elementary) and Selinsgrove (sec- 
ondary), development of a humanities course of instruc- 
tion; Mifflinburg, development of a reading/language 
arts program (using Bucknell University students under 
the direction of Dr. Heiner); Mt. Carmel, district plan- 
ning for systematic educational change (usins Dr. Mc- 
Keegan as a continuing curriculum consultant); Shamo- 
kin, vitalization of the curriculum by subject field 
(initially social studies); Shikellamy, investigation of an 

integrated multi-media t'^achina system; Southern Colum- 
bia, \'italization of school curricula and instructional tech- 
niques via inservice learning; Warrior Run, investigation 
of the motivation options available to the elementary 
teacher and inservice learning on innovative instructional 
techniques; and West Snyder, use of library aides to 
permit librarians to be resource persons for teachers. 

WHILE it would not be feasible to discuss each 
program in detail, short descriptions of the proj- 
ects at Line Mountain, Shikellamy, and Dan\'ille 
can ser\'e to indicate their scope. 

Learning is truly "on the mtn'c" in the Line Moun- 
tain School District, where pupils who must spend as 
much as two hours a day traveling to and from school 
can now listen to audio-tapes aboard their school buses. 
The music of George Gershwin, current news broadcasts, 
a dramatization of e\'ents durino the Civil War, and a 
conversation with astronauts are only a few of the many 
taped presentations, which cover almost every elementary 
and secondary subject area. Five separate cartridge tape 
recorders allow students, with individual headsets and 
controls, to select one of five programs, according to their 
indi\'idual interests and needs. The end of the school 
dav thus becomes only the beginning of a listening and 
learning experience. The effectiA'cness of the audio- 
presentations, the types of subject matter most appropri- 
ate for such presentation, and the most effective sequence 
of presenting taped materials are appropriate subjects 
for experimentation by graduate students in educational 

Coordination between the Shikellamy School Dis- 
trict and Project SESAME has resulted in a unique 
multi-media student response system at the Shikellamy 
High School. The system consists of hardware in the 
form of a galaxy of projectors, tape recorders, and other 
audio-visual equipment as well as a media materials 
production center. Key elements of the program are in- 
tense staffs involvement and an EDEX configuration 
which seats 60 students; EDEX is a multi-media student 
response configuration which permits large group instruc- 
tion without sacrificing individual student involvement. 

This integrated system's approach initiates with teach- 
ers working hard to develop as effective a presentation as 
possible using manv varieties of projection equipment, 
techniques, and other audio-visual materials. This teacher 
inservice learning takes place during the regular school 
day as well as in the evenings and other times school is 
not in session. Teachers are responsible for selecting a 
variety of materials and sequencing them to maximize 
pupil learning of pre-selected important concepts. 

PIECES of audio-visual equipment in the system are 
electronically cued to commence operation auto- 
matically. At each pupil's desk is a series of buttons 
which enable each of the 60 students to answer questions 
(asked by the program or by the teacher directly) on an 




Learning is "on the move" in the Line Mountnin School District, 
where students can listen to audio-tape presentations covering al- 
most every subject field while traveling to and from school. 


Technology aids teachers in the Shikellamy School District's mtilti- 
media stjident response system. Students, at left, can answer all 
qjiestions on a series of response htMons. A teacher's response 
console, at right, allows him to see immediately how each student 
responded and the percentage of class responding correctly. He is 
thus able to pace and direct instruction according to his pupils' 



indivdual basis bv pressing his response button. In this 
system the teacher becomes the faciHtator or director of 
learning; at his response console he is provided with 
immediate Feedback on each pupil's progress. Also, near 
at hand the teacher has a media control console which 
permits the presentation of a variety of instructional 
media. This careful development and systematic elec- 
tronic technique permits the teacher to become a broad- 
seeing monitor and decision-maker able to reprogram 
continuously and reinforce immediately to enhance stu- 
dent learning. 


This sub-program evoked nothing but enthusiasm 
when viewed bv professors from central Pennsylvania 
colleges and universities as part of a five-week Bucknell 
Faculty Development Institute in the Use of Educational 
Media, directed bv Dr. Hugh McKeegan. For a majority 
of the Institute participants, this was the first time such 
a system, in operation, had been encountered. 

Many planning sessions and inservice learning programs for ed- 
iicators are held in the retreat setting of the Timherhaven Con- 
ference Center, about three -miles south of Lewishurg, on Route 
15. Showit at the Center with Dr. Goodwin are associate coordi- 
nators, left to right, Mr. Iri'in R. Ruhincam, Mr. Paid ]. Cieslak 
(hack to camera), Mr. Paid W. Brann and Dr. WiUiam E. Hauck. 

A team of teachers and non-certified persons working 
together to plan exemplary instructional activities, eager 
fourth, fifth and sixth grade students placed in flexible 
groups for difi^erent learning experiences, and an appro- 
priate setting for controlled research experiments are all 
integral parts of the Research and Instructional Unit 
under development in the Danville Area School District. 
The Unit, whose concept originated at the University of 
Wisconsin Research and Development Center for Cogni- 
tive Learning, incorporates the best features of team- 
teaching, cooperative planning, and flexible scheduling. 
The school day becomes an ever-changing, always inter- 
esting, pattern of activities for the 140 children in the 
Unit, who are exposed to fi\'e teachers and several para- 
professionals, as well as to various team-teaching and 
individualized instructional situations. The flexibility of 
the structure enables teachers to design unique learning 
activities on a very large or very small scale. For example, 
in November, all 140 children enthusiastically partici- 
pated in a simulated political convention as a portion of 
a social studies unit, ^yhile, at other times, two or three 
pupils with similar interests and needs work together 
with an instructor. 

The flexibility of the Unit also renders it an appro- 
priate setting in which to conduct research to determine 
ways of impro\'ing the instructional program. Such re- 
search is planned by SESAME stafl^, Bucknell personnel, 
Danville district central office staff, and special consul- 
tants; it is geared to answer questions important to both 
University researchers and to the Danville Area School 
District. This Unit is starting its second year and is 
believed to be the first, and perhaps the only, Unit in 
the eastern part of the country. 

A MAJOR result of all these SESAME activities is 
that a vehicle now exists by means of which ac- 
cumulated knowledge and experiences can be 
disseminated and, significantly, innovative regional edu- 
cational programs can be initiated. When a matter of 
regional concern becomes prevalent (such as incorporat- 
ino; into the social studies curriculum accurate information 
on the contributions of minority groups to the develop- 
ment of the United States, the training of para-profes- 
sionals, or exploratory study on the possibility of estab- 
lishing pre-schools), Bucknell University now provides 
an office which can coordinate and direct a regional 
program for the public and parochial schools; the pro- 
gram, in turn, benefits University students and staff. 
While the SESAME office has had the effect of demon- 
strating to the chief school officers, their staffs, and their 
school boards that a regional approach can result in rather 
immediate and dramatic benefits for small school districts 
vyhen proper coordination is maintained, each of the 
districts has retained considerable individuality. The full 
impact of the SESAME programs is just now becoming 

Behind the doors opened by Project SESAME to 
Bucknellians, district teachers, and students alike is per- 
haps the richest possible treasure, the knowledge of man. 



" ]Fe shall have a wiser foreign policy if ive have a 
blend of what the Administration's experts propose 
and what the American people, speaking through 
Congress, are willing to support.'' 

Congress and the President: 
Foreign Policy 

By Raymond P. Underwood, Esq. '41 

T/ie iflte Presidetit John F. Kenncily signs legislation as congres- 
sional leaders look on. 

ARTICLE I of the United States Constitution pro- 
vides for the Congress; Article II for the President; 
and Article III for the Courts. Thus are the vast 
powers of this nation divided into three parts, giving rise 
to the doctrine of the separation of powers, sometimes 
referred to as a system of checks and balances. 

But the separate power compartments have not re- 
mained watertight. Our history is replete with contests 
between the three departments. As examples: 


In an ofinion hy Chief -justice John Marshall, 
the Supreme Court established the constitution- 
al principle of judicial review of consressional 
acts hy holding in MARBURY v. MADISON 
that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitu- 

The Court nidlified some of the legislation en- 
acted at the behest of President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt in the New Deal era. 

Witnesses for the Administration have from 
time to time refused to disclose to congressional 
committees information which the Administra- 
tion regarded as beyond the reach of Congress. 

The Omnibus Crime Act, passed by the Con- 
gress this year, changes some of the previous 
rulings of the Court as to procedures in dealing 
with the prosecution of criminals. 

Congress frequently refuses to enact legislation 
requested by the President, such as its long de- 
lay in enacting the tax increase this session and 
then only when coupled with requirements for 
cutbacks in government expenditures. 



Within the separate powers concept, let us look at the 
relationship between the executive and legislative branch- 
es in more detail. 

Especially since the 1930s we have seen important 
changes in the distribution of power between Congress 
and the President. There has been a shift from congres- 
sional to presidential and administrative power; a shift 
from formal policy-making to budget-making power 
which has often carried policy-making with it. Actually 
there has been a decline in the prestige and stature of 
Congress, corresponding to a decline in its policv-making 

Thouoh each of the three branches of the federal gov- 
ernment represents the American people (though not 
directly in the case of the judiciary), traditionally Con- 
gress is considered to represent them most clearlv and 
directly. Its members are felt to be part of "the folks back 
home." The people think of Congress as both legislator 
and watchdog. The model for Congress in British expe- 
rience has been that of the Tudor and Stuart periods, 
when Parliament carried on a continuing battle with a 
series of absolute monarchs for the very life of the repre- 
sentative system. (Once that battle was decided, the 
British Parliament moved on to its present form: a fusion 
of the legislative and executive powers in a single body.) 

turn, is disturbed by sectional, doctrinal, economic and 
personal disputes. In times of great crisis, as in depressions 
and war. Congress and the Executive maintain a large 
degree of party, as well as nonpartisan, unity. But the 
normal relation of Congress and the Executive is gener- 
ally that of an exasperated cold war punctuated by pe- 
riods of intermittent agreement. 


FIERE ha\'e been attempts by Congress and the 
President to work out a system of cooperation in 
legislative policy. This is especially important on 
budgetary appropriations, on atomic energy and on for- 
eign policy. But while both the Budget Bureau and the 
Atomic Energy Commission retain important ties with 
Congress, there are other bodies with crucial decision- 
making functions which are more dissociated from it, to 
the detriment of the general welfare. One is the National 
Security Council, made up chiefly of the defense, foreign 
policy and psychological-warfare leaders, sitting in coun- 
cil with the President. The other is the Central Intelli- 
gence Agency, which has charge of espionage and coun- 
ter-espionage abroad. 

The future respective roles of Congress and the Presi- 
dent in dealing with the foreign policy of the United 

FACED with a new age of technology, Congress has 
shifted its emphasis from that of a debating body 
(though it still debates— sometimes interminably!) 
to a network of committees. It does use its committees- 
through hearings and the appropriation process— to keep 
up with the ongoing developments and problems in our 

The committee method of specialized distribution of 
the business of Congress would work better if it were not 


handicapped by the seniority system. This system gives 
powerful committee chairmanships and subcommittee 
chairmanships to those who have been there the longest, 
either because they are safe and silent, or because they 
come from one party constituency areas, like much of the 
South. Thus, the power and, importantly, the work load 
are concentrated on those who are not necessarily the 
ablest and most vigorous members of Congress. Add to 
this a lack of cooperative action between House and 
Senate, mix in a lack of party discipline and coherence 
in both, and Congress becomes a battlefield of shifting 
blocs, but managing nevertheless to create a working 
coalition hostile to the Executive. The result is often 
government by deadlock, as evidenced by the history of 
the recent tax increase legislation. 

Initiation of new policy often comes from the Execu 
tive. It acquires expertise through continuous coping with 
the application of government policies to functioning 
reality. Therefore, it is in a better position to propose pol- 
icy changes or new policies than is Congress. To some 
degree, the President takes congressional leaders into his 
confidence before making major proposals. 

The burden of linking the Executive with Congress 
falls on the operation of the party system. But that, in 



States will be of such significance that it obliges us to 
examine the constitutional basis and historical develop- 
ment of those roles to determine whether some changes 


in those roles are necessary. An expanded role for Con- 
gress has been called for by many spokesmen, particu- 
larly members of Congress, in the past se\'eral years. 

In the area of foreign policy, the Constitution em- 
powers Congress to : 

—raise revenues and appropriate monies; 

—raise and support the armed forces and to make 

rules for the government and regulation of the land 

and naval forces; 
—provide for the common defense and general 

—regulate commerce with foreign nations; and 
—declare war. 

The President's powers to conduct foreign policy derive 
from constitutional powers to: 

—command the armv and navy and militia; and 
—make treaties and appoint ambassadors, other public 

ministers and consuls, by and with the consent of 

the Senate. 

Over the years, actual events in foreign policy have 
fleshed over these bare bones of constitutional powers, 
thereby giving greater shape and substance to the body 
of foreign policy powers. 

THE President's freedom to act as the representative 
of the country in foreign relations and his power to 
make treaties and executive agreements permit him 
to commit the nation to a course of action, or become 



involved in one, where the use of armed forces may be 
finally required. The President can thus confront the 
people and their representatives in Congress with a fait 
accompU at will. Though Congress has no constitutional 
obligation to back up the President, it is often in a diffi- 
cult or awkward position to deny him the money and 
other support which he says he needs. Members of Con- 
gress would find it almost intolerable to be susceptible to 
public criticism for "letting down our boys" in the armed 
forces whom the President may have committed to a 

The President's power as Commander in Chief has 
been used many times— some without congressional sanc- 
tion, but some followed by congressional approval. Most 
of these actions have directly related to the protection of 
American lives and property. The causes were generally 
local disorders, revolutions, supervising elections, offenses 
against American citizens, and the pursuit of slavers and 
pirates. With the exception of the forces involved in the 
Boxer Uprising and the capture of Peking (1900-01), the 
number involved was usuallv small. When many troops 
were required. Congressional approval was usually ob- 
tained. The interventions were often of short duration. 
None undertaken on presidential initiative was expected 
to result in war, although some did lead to war or to a 
status analogous to it. 

On several occasions United States Presidents have 
acted to repel actual or threatened invasion of the United 
States or threats to our national safety: 

—in 1793, President Washington directed General 
Wayne to drive out of the Northwest Territory any 
British troops which might be found stationed there; 

—in 1816, 1817 and 1818, under presidential orders, 
American forces invaded Forida to suppress English 
and Indian marauders; 

—in 1846, President Polk directed General Taylor to 
repel any Mexican invasion of disputed territory; 

—in 1916, President Wilson sent troops into Mexico 
to capture the bandit leader Villa, who had been 
raiding border towns. 

Thus, Professor Ouincv Wright has said: 

"National territory, persons, ships and official 
agencies are tangible things and there can he no 
question of the President's right and duty to use 
the Armed Forces to protect them when actually 
or in immediate danger." 

But, he says: 

"a more difficult prohlem arises when more 
remote danger or intangible policies are the 
object of attack . . . If such policies have the 
object of maintaining general international law, 
however, the President may justify action on the 
ground that international law is part of the law 
of the land." 



So we find that while Congress has the constitutional 
power to DECLARE war, the President has the 
power to MAKE war. 

Congress has never declared war except as a conse- 
quence of the President's acts or recommendations. And 
it has never refused to authorize war when requested to 
do so by the President. And, out of eleven serious and 
extended engagements of force against other nations, six 
have been conducted without Congress "declaring war" 
at all. Those conflicts which took place without any 
congressional declaration were: 

—the undeclared naval war with France, 1798; 

—the First Barbary War, 1801; 

—the Second Barbary War, 1815; 

—the American-Mexican hostilities, 1914; 

-the Korean War, 1950; 

—the Vietnam War, 1964. 
Those where war was declared were : 

-the War of 1812; 

-the Mexican War, 1846; 

—the Spanish- American War, 1898; 

-the First World War, 1917; and 

-the Second World War, 1941. 

Since World War II, we have had four interesting 
examples of the relationship of the President and Con- 
gress in dealing with international conflict: Truman in 
Korea; Eisenhower in Formosa; Eisenhower in the Middle 
East; and Johnson in Vietnam. 

On June 25, 1950, North Korean forces attacked 
South Korea. On June 27, 1950, President Truman or- 
dered American air and naval forces to resist Communist 
aggression in Korea. His action followed by two days the 
United Nations Security Council's resolution of June 25 
calling for a cessation of hostilities and withdrawal of the 
attacking North Korean forces and requesting the assis- 
tance of United Nations members in carrying out the 
resolution. However, it narrowly preceded the Securitv 
Council's call on June 27 for military assistance. The 
President's commitment of United States forces had no 
specific congressional endorsement. 

DURING the presidential campaign of 1952, much 
was made of "Truman's War" because he had not 
consulted Congress prior to issuing his executive 
order. To forestall another such partisan charge and also 
to convince Communist China of the essential unity of 
the American people. President Eisenhower in 1955 asked 
Congress for a resolution approving in advance military 
action which he might order in defense of Formosa. He 
franklv stated in his message asking for the resolution 
his conviction that he already possessed the power. 

In January, 1957, in the thick of the Middle East 
crisis, President Eisenhower again asked Congress for a 
blank check, this time for authority to provide economic 
aid and armed support to any Middle East nation re- 
questing it against a Communist threat. After two months 
of debate. Congress voted an appropriation of $200 mil- 
lion for economic-militarv aid in the Middle East along 
with the curiously phrased resolution that 

"if the President determines the necessity there- 
of, the United States is -prepared to use armed 
forces to assist any nation or grouf of nations 
requesting assistance against armed aggression 
from any country controlled hy international 

The resolution said that the President should continue 
to support the United Nations Emergency Force in the 
Middle East. The President was required to report on 
his action under the resolution. 

The two Gulf of Tonkin incidents occurred on Au- 
gust 2 and 4, 1964, with United States air retaliation 
following on August 4. In a special message on August 5, 
President Johnson recommended to Congress prompt 
enactment of a resolution expressing support for all nec- 
essary action to protect our armed forces and to assist 
nations covered bv the SEATO treaty 

"to give convincing evidence to the aggressive 
Communist nations, and to the world as a whole, 
that our policy in Southeast Asia will he carried 
forward — and that the peace and security of the 
area will he preserved." 

Within two davs, the resolution had been adopted, 
414-0 in the House and 88-2 in the Senate. Some mem- 
bers of Congress have spoken of a vast grant of power 
to the President, but the President has said that 

"this resolution confirms and reinforces the 
powers of the Presidency . . ." 

The resolution 

"approves and supports the determination of the 
President, as Commander in Chief, to take all 
necessary measures to repel any armed attack" 

on United States forces and to pre\'ent further aggression. 
It affirms that the United States is 


Raymond P. Underwood, Esq., has served since 1967 
as legal counsel and legislative assistant to Senator Mark 
O. Hatfield, R., Oreg. After receiving his B.A. degree 
summa cum laude in 1941, Ray served in the armed 
forces. He received his LL.B. from Harvard Law School 
in 1947, and served for one year, 1947-48, on the faculty 
of Lafayette College. He became legal considtant to the 
Bereau of Municipal Research and Service, University of 
Oregon, in 1948, serving in that post until 1952 when he 
became a partner in a Portland, Oregon law firm. He 
became legal counsel to then Governor Hatfield in 1965. 
He has also served on the Portland School District's Com- 
mittee on Place and Education, as special counsel for the 
Exposition-Recreation Commission of Portland, and as 
chairman of the Unauthorized Practice Committee of the 
Oregon Bar Association. He and his wife, Betty, are par- 
ents of two sons, Douglas and Jeffrey, and a daughter, 
Barbara. The Underwoods reside at 6440 Queen Anne 
Terrace, Falls Church, Va. 1 



"frefared, as the President determines, to take 
all necessary steps, including the use of armed 
force, to assist any member or protocol state of 
SEATO requesting assistance in defense of its 

It provides that the resolution shall expire by Presidential 
determination concerning the peace and security of the 
area or by congressional concurrent resolution. 

EXCEPT in the case of Korea (as to which the United 
Nations called for military assistance), the Presi- 
dent at the time of each of these international inci- 
dents requested and obtained supportive resolutions from 
Congress. However, in each case the President did not 
regard Congressional approval as necessary to establish 
the legality of executive action. 

The pressure of "crisis" so pervaded the atmosphere 
of each of these Presidential requests and Congressional 
responses that the responses could not be regarded as 
fully objective or independent. 

Prior to the commencement of the Paris "peace talks," 
manv members of Congress had grown increasingly and 
publicly critical of the Administration's handling of the 
Vietnam conflict. This concern has led the Senate For- 
eign Relations Committee and others to a renewed focus 
upon what the role of Congress should be in the conduct 
of foreign relations and, particularly, how Congress 
should properly share in a policy decision to make war 
or to substantially escalate a war as to which a "declara- 
tion of war" had not been sought or obtained. 

Careful consideration should be given to the desir- 


ability of proposing an amendment to our constitution 
which would give Congress effective participation in the 
critical policy determination of whether the nation should 

Raymond P. Underwood, Esq. '41 

or should not embark upon a de facto war, like Vietnam. 
Today the only practical checks upon the exercise of 
presidential power in the conduct of foreign relations are 
the Administration's self restraint or popular protest. 
These are hardly enough. 

THE task of structuring a constitutional amendment 
which would restore to Congress the actual authoritv 
to determine when the United States will engage 
in war, would be difficult. But it might be possible, for 
example, to define in such an amendment the conditions 
under which the President could use the armed forces 
without a prior declaration of war bv Congress. Such 
conditions might include militarv actions when national 
territory, persons, ships and official agencies, without 
provocation, had been actuallv attacked or were in im- 
mediate danger. The President could be required, in 
such cases, to obtain the prior concurrence with the pro- 
posed military actions, of a special committee designated 
bv the Congress, which would consist of a small number 
of leading members of both the House and Senate from 
both major political parties. If this committee concurred 
with the President, no prior declaration of war would be 
necessary. If this committee should conclude that the 
proposed military action required a prior declaration of 
war bv Congress, it would be referred to Congress im- 
mediatelv. In addition to such referrals. Congress would 
determine whether or not to declare war in all cases not 
left with the President and the special Congressional 
committee. Significant escalation bv the President of any 
international conflict in the category of cases left with 
the President and the special Congressional committee 
v\'ould require a prior declaration of war bv Congress. 
The constitutional amendment should probablv assure 
compliance bv the President bv providing that his viola- 
tion of the amendment would be cause for his prompt 

Whether one concludes from a consideration of the 
historv of the relationship of the President and Congress, 
in the area of foreign relations, that it is necessary to 
modify the rather total powers of the President by con- 
stitutional amendment will in large part depend upon 
what he or she thinks of the following considerations: 

— the relative \^'isdom of Congress and of the Admin- 

— the appropriate amount of popular or democratic 
control of foreign policy, as exercised through 

— the role of Congress in facilitating agreement or 
building national concensus on foreign policy issues. 

In mv view, we shall have a wiser foreign policy if 
we have a blend of v\'hat the Administration's experts 
propose and what the American people, speaking through 
Congress, are willing to support. Making this blend both 
possible and practicable is an awesome challenge to a 
government of separated powers. Constitutional change 
mav well be the best way to accomplish a better balance. 


Proposed Revisions 
To G. A. A. By-Laws 

The following revisions to Article VI and Article VIU 
of the Constitution and By-Laws of the General Alumni 
Association will he -presented to an assembly of the As- 
sociation to he held in conjunction with the Council of 
Club Presidents on February 8, 1969. These amendments 
deal with the method of electing Directors and Alumni 
Trustee nominees. 

Alumni who wish additional information on the pro- 
■posed revisions may contact the following officers of The 
General Alumni Association: 

Mr. Robert D. Hunter '49, president, 543 Hague 
Court, Oradell, N. /., Telephone 201-262-0442; Mr. 
James E. Pangburn '54, vice president, 109 Eton Drive, 
Pittsburgh, Telephone 412-232-4100 (ext. 5800); Mr. 
Kenneth R. Bayless, Esq., '42, vice president, 1115 East 
Broad Street, Hazleton, Telephone 717-454-0536; Dr. 
Melvyn Woodivard, director of Alumni Relations, Tele- 
phone 717-524-3261. 

Article VI — Directors 

Section 1. The aflFairs of the Association shall be 
managed by a Board of Directors composed of twenty- 
fi^'e members who shall be elected from the membership 
of the Association for five-year terms each. At least five 
members shall be women. No more than two Directors 
from any one alumni district shall be on the Board at any 
time. The President of the University shall be a Direc- 
tor, ex officio. The procedure outlined herein shall be 
followed in the election of Directors. 

Section 2. The Director of Alumni Relations shall 
request all alumni club presidents to canvass their club 
members for suggestions for the position of Alumni Di- 
rector. He shall also request suggestions from representa- 
tive Alumni, including class presidents, Alumni Fund 
representatives, past presidents of the Association and for- 
mer Alumni Trustees. Such requests shall be accompanied 
by an appropriate standard form for convenient use in 
proposing individual candidates and furnishing qualifica- 
tion data. 

Section 3. The Director of Alumni Relations shall 
cause to be inserted in a prominent place in THE BUCK- 
NELL ALUMNUS, no less than sixty days before 
Homecoming, a notice invitino alumni to exercise their 
pri\'ilege of proposing nominees for Alumni Directors. 
The deadline for receivino suggestions for Alumni Direc- 
tor shall be thirty days before Homecoming. 

Section 4. The Board of Directors of the General 
Alumni Association shall elect a Committee on Nomin- 
ation of Alumni Director consisting of six members. No 
more than two members of the committee shall be mem- 
bers of the Board of Directors. Upon election of the com- 
mittee, the President shall appoint a chairman who must 
be a member of the Board of Directors. The terms of the 
six members of the nominating committee shall be for 
three years but will be staggered so that each year there 
will be two newly elected members and two members 
retired from the committee. During the period of change- 
over, initial appointments will consist of two members 
for one year, two members for two years, and two mem- 
bers for three years. 

Section 5. Each committee member will receive a 
list of all nominations. The committee will meet on 
Homecoming weekend and elect two times the number 


of candidates as there are board openings. The list of 
candidates is then to be given to the President of the 
General Alumni Association and from it the required 
number of Directors will be elected by the Board. The 


the bucknell alumnus 

> t 


election will be based on an order of preference vote, i. e., 
each Director would assign his first choice a vote count 
equal to the number of Directors to be elected, his second 
choice a vote count equal to one less the number to be 
elected, etc., down to his last choice receiving a vote 
count of one. The votes of the Directors will then be tal- 
lied and the election of new directors will be established 
on the basis of descending total. None of the candidates 


will be notified that they are under consideration for the 
office of Director. 

Section 6. The Director of Alumni Relations shall 
then notify each of the newly elected members. Should 
any decline to serve, the candidate recei\'ino the next 
highest vote by the Board will be asked. In the event that 
more than half of the candidates decline to serve, the 
nominating committee must be reconvened to develop 
more candidates for election by the Board. 

Section 7. When an interim vacancy occurs, the un- 
expired term shall be filled by a member of the Associa- 
tion elected by the Board of Directors unless the unex- 
pired term is for less than one year. 

Article VIII — Alumni Trustee 

Section 1. It is the prerogative of the Association to 
nominate annually one of its members to the Board of 
Trustees of the University for a five-year term. At least 
one of the five Alumni Trustees must be a woman. The 
procedure outlined herein shall be followed in the elec- 
tion of candidates. 

Section 2. The Director of Alumni Relations shall 
request all alumni club presidents to canvass their club 
members for suggestions for the position of Alumni 
Trustee. He shall also request suggestions from repre- 
sentative Alumni, including class presidents, Alumni 
Fund representatives, past presidents of the Association 
and former Alumni Trustees. Such requests shall be 
accompanied by an appropriate standard form for conve- 
nient use in proposing individual candidates and fur- 
nishing qualification data. 

Section 3. The Director of Alumni Relations shall 
cause to be inserted in a prominent place in THE BUCK- 
NELL ALUMNUS, no less than sixty days before 
Homecoming, a notice inviting alumni to exercise their 
privilege of proposing nominees for Alumni Trustee. 
The deadline for receiving suggestions for Alumni 
Trustee nominees in the Alumni Office shall be thirty 
days before Homecoming. 

Section 4. The Board of Directors of the General 

Alumni Association shall elect a committee on Nomin- 
ation of Alumni Trustee consisting of nine members. No 
more than three members of the committee shall be 
members of the Board of Directors. Upon election of the 
committee the President shall appoint a Chairman who 
must be a member of the Board of Directors. The terms 
of the nine members of the Nominating Committee shall 
be for three years but will be staggered so that each 
year there will be three newly elected members and 
three members retired from the committee. 

Section 5. Each committee member will receive a list 
of all nominations. The committee will meet on Home- 
coming Weekend and elect six candidates. This election 
will be based on an order of preference vote, i. e., an in- 
dividual member would assign his first choice a vote 
count of six, his second choice a vote of five, etc., down 
to his sixth choice receiving a vote count of one. The 
votes of the entire committee will then be tallied and 
the final order of preference of the top six candidates for 
the office of Alumni Trustee will be established on the 
basis of the total. None of the candidates will be noti- 
fied that they are under consideration for the office of 
Alumni Trustee. 

Section 6. The committee will present the top three 
names to the chairman of the Board of Trustees. If the 
name of any candidate is nominated by a petition signed 
by not fewer than 200 Alumni, it shall be presented at this 
time to the Chairman of the Board of Trustees and it 
shall be indicated thereon that such candidate was nom- 
inated bv petition. The deadline for receiving such peti- 
tion shall be Homecoming. The chairman will make 
his selection from the list of three names with the order 
of preference as a guide and petition candidates if any. 
He will request the Director of Alumni Relations to con- 
tact his first choice to obtain the candidate's willingness 
to serve. Should the first choice be unwilling to serve, 
the same operation will be repeated until, if necessary, 
the total list have been contacted. If none are willing to 
serve, the chairman of the Board of Trustees shall re- 
quest from the Nominating Committee their next pref- 
erence until a candidate has been designated. 

Section 7. Following the election of a Trustee, an- 
nouncement will be made in the next issue of THE 
BUCKNELL ALUMNUS for the notification of the 
Ceneral Alumni Association. 

Section 8. Anv person v\'ho has served as Alumni 
Trustee shall not be eligible for redesignation as a candi- 
date for Alumni Trustee. 



By Carolyn Meyer Smrcka '57 

The Domestic 

Brain Drain 

Carolyn Meyer Smrclia '57 does domestic chores, 
bakes a great cake, is an expert sewer and manages to 
write articles and a monthly column, "Cheers and jeers," 
for MC call's and feature stories for family circle. 
Married to Joseph Smrcka, a design engineer, it coidd 
he said that her home life is "dominated" hy males, for 
she is the mother of three sons: Alan, 9, John, 5, and 
Christy, V/i. She's also author of a children's sewing hook 
which Harcoiirt, Brace and World will ptihlish next 
spring. A cum laude gradtiate with a major in English, 
Callie's feature article, "Stay Home and Have a Career 
Too," appeared in the June 1968 issue of family circle, 
and another article, "A Toast! To Days of Auld Oneups- 
manship," appeared the same month in mc call's. Other 
articles will appear soon. The Smrckas reside at 16 Mur- 
ray Street, Norwalk, Conn. 06851. 



"There is too much work that needs doing, too many 
things in the world that need changing, for educated 
women to allow themselves to he reduced to the role of 
cook and laundress. " 

CALL it the Domestic Brain Drain. It is not that the 
nation's best minds are going off to sell their talents 
to a foreign country. They are staying at home, 
and that's the problem. 

These minds belong to the young female college 
graduates of the past ten years or so who have allowed 
themselves to be convinced that being a housewife and 
mother is the most the world dares to ask of them. They 
are the Professional Mamas who use their homes as a 
shelter from challenge and their children as an excuse 
for evading a wider responsibility. 

Years ago I wondered whom Betty Friedan was ad- 
dressing when she wrote The Feminine Mystique. Cer- 
tainly not most of the women I knew: they were much 
too busy studying breast-feeding and natural childbirth 
techniques to read anything more provocative than Dr. 
Spock. And there were some who refused to read Mrs. 
Friedan's book because they didn't want to be told what 
they already suspected: that making beds and staging 
birthday parties for four-year-olds is not the best use for 
a college education. There was a lot of defensive talk 
then, as there always is, about how their degrees have 
enabled college women to be "better mothers" (whatever 
that means; not splitting infinitives in front of the chil- 
dren?). But I think these women are kidding themselves 
with what turns out to be a very bad joke, and the last 
sad laugh will be on them. 

I am not crusading for women to go out and get jobs. 
Simply working in an office for pay can be as self-defeat- 
ing as staying home and doing housework for nothing, 
as everyone expects them to do. 

I am not even arguing that every college woman 
should have a career. And it's a little late in the game, 
at least for me and most of my cotemporaries, to talk about 

delaying marriage and postponing babies until we've had 
a chance to become committed to a career and established 
in it. Even then, it's rough. A woman usually has to be 
better than her male counterpart to get a really good job 
in the first place; she may have to accept lower pay for 
the same work; she will probably be passed over for 
promotions because of her sex. A book published last 
summer, Born Feinale: The High Cost of Keeping Wom- 
en Down by Caroline Bird, describes the system in in- 
furiating detail. And it's all true: it has happened to me, 
and Fve seen it happen to others. 


OMEN who don't want to buck that system 
very sensibly decide on teaching or nursing or 
some other non-competitive field. A Bucknell 
classmate of mine, a woman of abundant intelligence, 
talent, and drive, told me recently that she wants to go 
on for a law degree, but her family has tried to dissuade 
her, insisting that the legal profession is no place for a 
woman — so why not pick up some teaching credits in- 
stead? Fve heard this story over and over: a teacher's 
hours and vacations fit right in with her children's, and 
that supposedly makes it the ideal profession. I do sin- 
cerely hope that the women who are teaching my sons 
have a greater commitment to their profession than mere 

College women don't have to work, but there is one 
thing that I will argue viithout qualm or qualification: 
every woman, and especially those who have been to 
college, has an obligation to use her brains and her 
education productively. And that means for something 
more than organizing the Cub Scout bake sale. 


Women can and should be the movers and shakers 



in everv area of contemporarv life. Thev are equipped 
with the same intellect and as much education as men. 
And, except for women already engrossed in full or part- 
time careers, they have one thing more: time. A woman 
can arrange her days to suit herself. She enjoys a freedom 
that is the envv of any man whose work confines him to 
an office or laboratory. Yet she is apparently contented 
most of the time to sit back and let the men use their 
limited free hours to be the policy-setters and decision- 
makers in areas in which she could be equally effectiye. 

There is too much work that needs doins, too many 
things in the world that need changing, for educated 
women to allow themselves to be reduced to the role of 
cook and laundress. I don't deny that somebody's got to 
put a meal on the table, the children do need clean clothes 
for school, and in most cases it's up to Mom to do it. But 
I do want to point out to protesters that Parkinson's Law 
also applies to housework, \\'hich easily expands to fill 
the time available, and then some. 

I recently read an editorial deploring the filthy condi- 
tions of passenger trains and suggesting that women, 
as the nation's housekeepers, should band together and 
put pressure on the railroads to clean up their restrooms. 
While I was annoyed by the obviously masculine philoso- 
phy that dirty toilets are somehow an area of specifically 
feminine interest, the writer does make a valid point; 
never underestimate the power of a group of determined 
women. Or one alone, for that matter. 

THE problem is that, with the exception of such 
outstanding organizations as the League of Women 
Voters, most women and women's groups think too 
small: they will protest a new road if it creates a hazard 
for their children, but not necessarily if it creates a serious 
relocation problem for families thev do not know. They 
will rise up wrathfully when the school board attempts 
to transfer a beloved teacher from their school, but they 
are generally ignorant of what's going on in other schools 
in the community, and they are only faintly interested in 
the whole process of education. 

One of my severest critics accuses me of intolerance. 
She is correct. And I am not mellowing with age. 

I am intolerant of women v\ho have allowed them- 
selves to become the appendages of other people, usually 
of their husbands and their children but sometimes of 
their own parents. A friend of mine, the daughter of a 
family well known in their small community, says she 
could not actively participate in a political campaign 
because it would "embarrass" her relatives. Another friend 
did not take a part-time job that interested her because 
it might have detracted from the image of her husband's 
success. And I could reel off a depressing list of women 
who say their children "need them." Of course children 
need their mothers, but after the first few months, not 
on an around-the-clock basis. 

I am intolerant of women who waste their time and 
talent on trivia, frittering away energv on useless bridge 
clubs, sewing groups, and even most fund-raising projects. 
It's easy to get bogged down with busy work. I am called 


an average of tv\'ice a week by somebody who wants 
something done; the burden is in making a choice. I know 
a former art education major who could, if she chose, set 
up a class for children, or, if she wished, develop her own 
considerable talents as a painter. But she limits herself 
to papering the walls of her dining room and doing an 
occasional clever poster for the PTA. 

I AM intolerant of women who are "too busy" or "too 
tired" to read newspapers or important books, and 

those who are too self-absorbed to care about finding 
out what needs to be done. 

I am especially intolerant of men and women who 
insist that a woman's principal job when her children 
are young is to take care of them and make sure thev 
get a "good start." These experts have ob\'iously not been 
reading the headlines lately. Being a good parent is one 
of a woman's jobs; it's also one of a man's jobs, a point 
that is too often overlooked. If the parents of the rebel- 
lious youngsters we've been reading about had both been 
seriously involved all along with "doing their own thing" 
— and I don't mean the single-minded pursuit of affluence 
— the kids might be a lot less hung up on doing theirs 
so destructively. 

Children need more than care-takers. They need 
examples. And the example of a mother who has so little 
regard for her own education and so little respect for her 
own intelligence that she confines her influence to her 
own family is scarcely the inspiration youngsters are 
lookino for today. It is our obligation as women to change 
our image and to become involved with things that really 
matter — for the sake of our children, for the good of 
their world and ours. 

Carolyn Meyer Smrcka '57 


Varied Worlds 

From page 1 
achievement and service to the U. S." 

But Mrs. Haller (the former Carole 
Itjen '54) serves husband — apprecia- 
tion with her meals. 

"I never cook veal," she said at 
the gathering in the White House 
library at which Haller was admitted 
to the academy. "I'm not good enough 
to do justice to a good piece of veal." 

She wouldn't even attempt the 
liver without her husband's advice: 
"Use butter in a hot pan, and do it 
very quickly." 

Before Mrs. Haller was married 
she could cook only one thing — 
apple pie. It didn't do her much 
good. Hers was as-American-as, and 
Haller, it seems, prefers the Swiss 
kind, custardy and without a top 

Things are improving in her kitch- 
en now that their children are no 
longer babies, she said. And when 
Haller comes home after having cre- 
ated and tasted a state dinner, he 
likes to have her salad and steak. 

"Pot roast, mashed potatoes and 
strins beans are a good meal," she 
said, "and I serve spaghetti a lot. He 
says I shouldn't say so." 

When company comes, she does 
the simpler things under his direc- 
tion and lets him create the master- 

The four Haller children, who 
have mastered the grilled cheese 
sandwich, were on hand this week, 
as was Rosa Haller, the chef's moth- 
er, who is visiting from Switzerland. 

The ribbon and medal which go 
with the award wouldn't fit over 
Haller's chef's cap, so he took it off 
to be decorated. 

Mrs. Lvndon B. Johnson stopped 
by to congratulate the chef. 

Distinguished Teaching 

Distinguished Professor for 1968 — 
that's the latest achievement of Mrs. 
Thomas Del Bluth, the former Eliza- 
beth J. Gowland '57. 

An assistant professor of sociologv 
at San Fernando State College, Eliza- 
beth was one of five recipients of the 
award chosen by a facultv committee 
and the 1968 graduating class. The 
awardees each receive $500. 

Elizabeth Gowland Del Bluth '57 

Now a candidate at U. C. L. A. 
for the Ph.D. degree in the sociology 
of religion, Elizabeth received her 
B.A. degree with cum laude honors. 
At Bucknell, she participated in the 
Washington Semester Program at 
American LIniversitv and was a head 
resident during her senior year in the 
initial program of the University. 
She is also a member of Alpha Kappa 
Delta and Phi Beta Kappa. 

She began her teaching career in 
1960 at Immaculate Heart College, 
Los Angeles, after receiving her M.A. 
degree in sociologv from Fordham 
University. Elizabeth joined the fac- 
ulty of San Fernando State College 
in 1965, where she is associated with 
Dr. Albert Pierce, formerly professor 
of sociology at Bucknell. During the 
past year, she has also served as a 
consultant to Roman Catholic re- 
ligious orders of women who are 
changing their organizational struc- 
tures in renewal as directed by the 
Second Vatican Council. 

Elizabeth explains that the main 
assumption of her teaching methods 
is derived from Kahil Gibran's essay 
on teaching in The Prophet: 

"I don't really lecture . . . just ask 
questions . . . discuss . . . think with 
the students, not for them. Frankly, 
I expect to learn as much as they do. 

"I want mv students to know the 
excitement of their minds closing 
in on a problem, of 'seeing' the sym- 
metrical beauty in the logic of a 

theory, of delighting in the 'discov- 
erv' of old things by seeing them in 
a new light. Though not every class 

CI fD y 

is marked by success, I take as an 
ideal that class sessions should he 
joyful, mind-stretching and real." 

This is the philosophy of teaching 
that made Elizabeth a distinguished 
professor, but she also wins top rat- 
ings as a wife and mother. Elizabeth 
became Mrs. Thomas Del Bluth in 
August 1960. Her husband is a grad- 
uate of Georgetown University and 
an educational psychologist. The 
Bluths have two children: Robert, 7, 
and Richard, 6. They reside at 11601 
Balboa Boulevard, Granada Hills, 
Calif. 91344. 

Music Critic 

Music critic, T. V. news producer, 
and student of languages and the 
arts — these are just a few of the 
descriptions for Mrs. Louise Austin 
Remmey '54. 

Now a regular contributor of arti- 


cles on music to The Washington 
Post and The Baltimore Sunday Sun, 
Louise is a ctmi laude graduate of 
Bucknell and a former Fulbright 
scholar at -the University of London. 
She studied piano at the Peabody 
School of Music in Baltimore and 
has been an observer of master class- 
es at the Bavreuth and Salzburg 
Music Festivals. 

Those are solid credentials for a 
music critic, but Louise has some 
other scholarly credits. At the Tokyo 
School of Japanese Language and 
the Yenching Institute of Harvard 
University, she studied Japanese and 
Far Eastern culture and attained 
fluency in Japanese. 

This is part of the background 
Louise brings to her duties in the 
Washington Bureau of C. B. S. 
News, where she is chief of research 
and occasional producer. Though 
deeply devoted to the state of the 
arts, she admits her greatest source 
of satisfaction is "following at close 
hand the Great Game of Polidcs." 
And one of the perspectives from 
which Louise gets a close-up look at 
politics is in her role on the staff of 
"Face the Nation," a C. B. S. News 
feature which originates many of its 
weekly programs from Washington. 



The latest music criticism by 
Louise which we have read appeared 
in the August 7, 1968 issue of News- 
day. In it she makes a sound case for 
the Metropolitan Opera Company, 
arguing that, though much maligned, 
the Met looks good when compared 
with all other opera companies in 
Europe and America. 

That's where we'll be looking for 
Louise this season — at the Met — 
while we keep informed about poli- 
tics by watching C. B. S. News. 

Nuclear Engineer 

Albert E. Ketler, Jr. '56 recendy 
was appointed manager of the Sys- 
tems Engineering Dept. of the Nu- 
clear Materials and Equipment Co., 
a subsidiary of Atlantic Richfield 

Mr. Ketler, who received his B.S. 
degree in mechanical engineering, 
will head an organization responsible 
for establishing requirements for 
radioisotope thermoelectric generator 
CRTS) systems for terrestial, oceano- 
graphic and aero-space applications. 

A registered professional engineer 
in Pennsylvania, Albert served for 
the past 12 years as a systems engi- 
neer with the General Electric Co. 
at Valley Forge. In that capacity he 
worked in the highly successful 
SNAP-27 nuclear generator program, 
which developed several generators 
for forthcoming lunar landings. As- 
tronauts will deploy the generators 
on the moon where they will remain 
to supply electricity to arrays of sci- 
entific experiments for one year. 

A native of Sunburv, Albert is 
married to the former Ursula Zim- 
merman. Thev are parents of three 
children: Heidi, 8, Audrey, 6, and 
Julie, six months. 

Female Banker 

Susan C. Fleming '55 was recently 
named assistant secretary of the Fi- 
dehty Bank, Philadelphia. Susan 
joined the bank in 1959 as an admin- 
istrative assistant in the personnel 
department, after serving for two 
years as assistant personnel manager 
of the Rockland-Adas Bank, Boston, 

After receiving her B.A. degree 

Susan G. Fleming '55 

with a major in psychology, Susan 
traveled in Europe and did graduate 
work at Penn State University. She 
served as a psychometrician on the 
staff of Albright College for one 
year, 1956-57, and as an assistant in 
a clinic in Reading. 

A member of Sigma Delta Chi 
and president of Pi Beta Phi, Susan 
is an active member of the Philadel- 
phia Alumni Club. She resides at 
1211 Limberlost Lane, Gladwyne, Pa. 

Family Counselor 

He is described as "a soft-spoken, 
gende man with a quick wit" by a 
columnist for the Next' York Post, 
and a colleague describes him as a 
"warm, generous, outgoing human 
being, utterly devoid of vanity or 
personal ambition." 

The man described is the Rev. 
William H. Genne '31, executive 
director of the Department of Family 
Life for the National Council of 
Churches since 1957. 

A graduate of Yale University's 
School of Divinity who added a Yale 
M.A. degree to his credentials, Wil- 
liam was ordained in the United 
Church of Christ in 1934 and spent 
15 years as a chaplain at Michigan 
State College, Alfred University and 
Pacific University in Forest Grove, 

But this was no ordinary chaplain. 
More than three decades ago, before 

sex education became an everyday 
thing and was in any case considered 
a poor subject for mixed company, 
the Rev. William Genne was teach- 
ing it in the classroom in his own 
sociology course at the schools where 
he served as chaplain. 

In an interview with the New York 
Post last March, he was not enthusi- 
astic about the progress made in sex 
education over the past 30 years. 

"We've barely begun to treat this 
with any degree of adequacy in high 
schools and junior high schools," he 
said. "And it's at the junior high 
school level when the important sex 
changes are taking place in young 
people and when what they learn 
about what's happening to them sets 
the mold for their attitudes about sex 
for life." 

The Rev. Genne emphasizes that 
sex education begins in the home — 
that in any kind of family situation 
it's virtually unavoidable. To insure 
that it's good, he thinks adults must 
educate themselves first so that the 
children's inidal information about 
sex comes in a straightforward, nat- 
ural and unembarrassed atmosphere. 

That advice comes from a man 
who will mark his 32nd wedding 
anniversary in two months. Married 
to the former Elizabeth Steel in 1937 
— she holds a B.A. degree from Ore- 
gon State and an M.A. degree from 
Columbia University — Genne and 
his wife have collaborated on a num- 
ber of books and hundreds of pam- 
phlets distributed to young people 
and their parents throughout the 
country. The couple also holds the 
only joint appointment to teach in 
a theology school, offering a course 
at Drew University on the church's 
ministry to the family. 

The Gennes live in Montclair 
N. J., with their two youngest chil- 
dren, Susan, 14, and Peggy, 17. Their 
son, Tom, 24, is a graduate architect, 
and their oldest child, Nancy, is 
Mrs. Ronald A. Baker III. 

Saluted in May as "Man of the 
Month" by Pastoral Psychology, the 
Rev. William Genne received this 
accolade from a colleague, David R. 
Mace, professor of family sociology, 
The Bowman Gray School of Medi- 
cine, Wake Forest University: "In 
just ten years, under his leadership. 



William H. Genne '31 

the family-service programs of the 
churches of North America have 
achieved a unity and strength that 
have vastly increased their effective- 

"During these years, also, Bill 
Genne's enterprises have gone far 
beyond the call of duty. He has been 
actively involved in many directions 
— in sex education, in mental health, 
in youth work, in marriage and fami- 
ly counseling, in family planning, in 
the writing of books and articles, the 
preparation of films, in radio and 
television, and in much else besides. 
When a bold new endeavor is 
launched for the promotion of some 
aspect of family welfare, you can be 
pretty sure to find Bill somewhere 
in the picture — usually helping and 
encouraging behind the scenes. A 
list of the organizations with which 
he has been associated would be a 
pretty comprehensive compendium of 
the total organized effort of the Unit- 
ed States in the field of family edu- 
cation and welfare." 

Church Leader 

The Rev. Robert W. Bird '51, pas- 
tor of First Methodist Church, Oswe- 
go, New York, has been appointed 
Superintendent of the Black River — 
Ontario District of the Northern 
New York Annual Conference by 
Bishop W. Ralph Ward. A native of 
Troy, N. Y., he is married to the 

former Marie Kuchar, Hazleton. 
They have two children: William 
Allan, a junior at Syracuse Univer- 
sity, and Donald Lewis, a sophomore 
at Bucknell University. 

Mr. Bird graduated from Bucknell 
University in 1951 following three 
years service in the United States 
Army Signal Corps. While attending 
Bucknell, he served the Catawissa 
Circuit in the Central Pennsylvania 
Annual Conference. 

He received his divinity degree 
cum laude from Drew Theolosical 


Seminary in 1954. While attending 
seminary, he served the Hurleyville 
Circuit in the New York Annual 
Conference. He joined the Northern 
New York Annual Conference in 
1955 and has served the Beaver Falls 
Circuit (1955-63), First Methodist 
Church, Sandy Creek (1963-66) and 
First Methodist Church, Oswego 

He has served as president of the 
World Service and Finance Commis- 
sion of the Northern New York An- 
nual Conference for nine years and 
as vice president of the Conference 
Interboard Council for four years. 

As superintendent, the Rev. Bird 
will have supervision of 80 churches 
and 48 ministers in the Northern 
New York Conference in an area 
extending from north of Syracuse to 
just north of Watertown and from 
Oswego to the Adirondack moun- 
tains. He and his family will live in 
Watertown, New York, and his office 
address will be The Methodist Cen- 
ter, 418 Washington St., Watertown, 
New York. 

Directs Research 

Dr. Carl A. Bennett '40, former 
manager of Mathematics, has been 
named manager of the Systems and 
Electronics Division with Battelle- 

In his new post. Dr. Bennett will 
administer the research and develop- 
ment activities of five technical de- 
partments in the areas of operational 
analysis and economics, applied 
mathematics, control and instruments, 
nondestructive testing and applied 

Battelle-Northwest, a division of 
Battelle Memorial Institute, Colum- 

bus, Ohio, operated Pacific North- 
west Laboratory here for the U. S. 
Atomic Energy Commission. Battelle- 
Northwest also conducts contract re- 
search and development projects for 
other government agencies and for 
industry. Battelle-Northwest has a 
staff of more than 2,700 scientists, 
engineers and support personnel and 
had a fiscal 1968 research budget of 
over $57 million. 

Born in Winfield, Pa., Dr. Ben- 
nett received his A.B. degree in 


mathematics and chemistry from 
Bucknell University at the age of 19, 
and his M.A. degree in mathematics 
the following year. One year later he 
was awarded an A.M. degree in 
mathematical statistics from the Uni- 
versity of Mi